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Wind Load

 

CIRSOC 102

 

Dia./width of body Insulation Shell Thickness

d

1200

mm

 
 

100

mm

t

6

mm

Area Basic Wind Speed

A

f

1.412

m 2

for 1 m length

V

45.0

m/s

 

Wind directionality factor

K

d

1.0

 

Refer Tabla 6, circular

Topographical factor

K

zt

1.0

assumed

 

Refer Figura 2 I - 0.87 Refer 5.6.1

 

Importance factor

I

1.0

 

Refer Tabla 1

II - 1

III - 1.15

IV - 1.15

Exposure Category

 

C

choosen

   

Exposure Coefficient

K

z

1.3

 

at 35 m

Refer Tabla 5

Height

 

Z

35.0

m

Dynamic Pressure

q

z

1.533

kN/m 2

 

Refer 5.10, Eq. 13

H/d

29

 

D√q z

1.5

< 5.3

 

Refer Tabla 10

Force Coefficient, C f

Force coefficient

C

f

1.2

 

Refer Tabla 10

Force coefficient C f 1.2   Refer Tabla 10

C

f

1.3

Choosen

 

For dodecagon shape

Refer Tabla II.2

C

0.2

 

Refer Tabla 4

Equivalent Height

z

21.0

m

Intensity of turbulence

I

z

0.177

 

Refer 5.8.1, Eq. 3

g Q , g v

3.4

Refer 5.8.1 Refer Tabla 4 Refer Tabla 4

 
 

l 152.0

m

 

ε 0.2

 

Integral length scale of the turbulence at the equivalent height

L

Z

176.3

m

Refer 5.8.1, Eq. 5

 

0.23

 

Base answer

 

Q

0.901

 

Refer 5.8.1, Eq. 4

Burst Effect Factor

G

0.879

 

Refer 5.8.1, Eq. 2

Design wind force

F

2.473

kN

 

Height, Z (m)

K z , Cateogory C

q z kN/m 2

I

z

L

z

 

Q

G

F kN

Ø(z) = (z/h) δ

Inertia Force/lenght , F w (s) (kN/m)

 

5.0

0.87

1.03

0.24

 

119.47

0.30

0.878

0.859

1.618

 
 

6.0

0.90

1.06

0.24

 

123.91

0.29

0.880

0.861

1.677

 

7.5

0.94

1.11

0.23

 

129.56

0.28

0.883

0.863

1.757

 

10.0

1.00

1.18

0.22

 

137.24

0.27

0.887

0.867

1.876

 

12.5

1.05

1.24

0.21

 

143.50

0.26

0.889

0.869

1.975

 

15.0

1.09

1.29

0.20

 

148.83

0.26

0.891

0.871

2.054

 

17.5

1.13

1.33

0.20

 

153.49

0.25

0.893

0.872

2.133

 

20.0

1.16

1.37

0.19

 

157.64

0.25

0.895

0.873

2.193

 

22.5

1.19

1.40

0.19

 

161.40

0.25

0.896

0.875

2.253

 

25.0

1.21

1.43

0.19

 

164.84

0.24

0.897

0.876

2.293

0.993

0.119 0.119 0.120
0.119
0.119
0.120
 

30.0

1.26

1.49

0.18

 

170.96

0.24

0.899

0.877

2.393

0.997

 

35.0

1.30

1.53

0.18

 

176.31

0.23

0.901

0.879

2.473

1.000

 

40.0

1.34

1.58

0.17

 

181.09

0.23

0.902

0.880

2.552

 
 

Dynamics analysis

  Dynamics analysis  
 

b (outside dia.)

1416.00 20.00 0.40
1416.00
20.00
0.40

mm

Effective Height, h eff.

m

W s / W t

For Steel chimney, ε 1

1000.00 2.24
1000.00
2.24
   

weight of structural parts contributing to the stiffness, W s

 

natural frequency of the considered flexural mode i of cross-wind vibration, n i,y

Hz or s -1

 

Strouhal number. St Critical wind velocity, V Crit,i

0.18

Refer 1991.1.4 - Table E.1 - Strouhal numbers St for different cross-sections

 

17.61

m/s

The effect of vortex shedding need not be investigated when V crit,i > 1,25 * v m

 
 

Scruton Number(Sc)

The suscep bility of vibra ons depends on the structural damping and the ra o of structural massto fluid mass. This is expressed by the Scruton number Sc,

 

structural damping, δ s thickness of shell height Weight of Stack shell Insulation thk. Weight of accessories Density of insulation Weight of Insulation

0.02

Refer Table F.2 EN1991.1.4

 

8.00

mm

35000.00

mm

8341.51

Kg

238.33

Kg/m

 

100.00

mm

1000.00

Kg

150.00

Kg/m3

2170.53

Kg

62.02

Kg/m

 

equivalent mass me per unit length for mode i,

12346.18

352.75

Kg/m

Considering weight is constan as defined in F.4 (1) 9EN 1991-1-4

 

m

i.e

 
 

ζ

2.00

 

For Chimney (EN 1991-1-4) (P144)

 

Fundamental Mode Shape, Ø(z)

1.00

at z=h

 

Air dendity Scruton Number, Sc

1.25

Kg/m 3

5.63

 

as defined in eq. E.4, EN 1991-1-4

Reynolds number (Re) Kinematic viscosity Re

 

Clause E1.3.4, EN 1991.1.4

0.000015

m2/s

1,651,621

normalised limiting amplitude, a L

0.40 1 0.01
0.40
1
0.01
 

as defined in Table E.6, EN 1991-1-4

 

aerodynamic damping parameter, K a

as defined in Table E.6, EN 1991-1-4

aerodynamic constant, C c

as defined in Table E.6, EN 1991-1-4

C 0.0442 1 as defined in eq. E.16, E C 4.38E-06 2 σ 0.1772 2
C
0.0442
1
as defined in eq. E.16, E
C
4.38E-06
2
σ
0.1772
2 y
standard deviation, σ y
0.4209
as defined in eq. E.1.5.3, EN 1991-1-4
286.664
1.567
Peak factor, K p
4.074
as defined in eq. E.17, EN 1991-1-4
Cross Wind Amplitude, y max
1.715
mm
as defined in eq. E.13, EN 1991-1-4
Inertia force per unit length acting perpendicular to wind direction F w (s)
F
w (s)
119.71
N/m