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Grade 9
7
GOP – Textbook Funds

Teacher’s Guide

GOVERNMENT PROPERTY
NOT FOR SALE
ALLOTTED TO
District/ School: _________________________________________
Division _________________________________________________
First Year of Use: _________________________________________
Source of Fund (Year included):__________________________

Department of Education
Republic of the Philippines
Technology & Livelihood Education– Grade 9
Teachers Guide
First Edition, 2013
ISBN: ___________

Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any
work of the Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the
government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for
exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things,
impose as a condition the payment of royalties.

Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, pictures, photos, brand


names, trademarks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective
copyright holders. Every effort has been exerted to locate and seek permission to
use these materials from their respective copyright owners. The publisher and
authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them.

Published by the Department of Education


Secretary: Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC
Undersecretary: Dina S. Ocampo, Ph.D.
Assistant Secretary: Lorna Dig-Dino, Ph.D.

Development Team of the Teachers Guide

Consultant: Rosendo R. Rafael, Howard Mark N. Plete and Clodualdo V. Paiton


Authors: Antonio C. Blanco Jr Roderick C. Verano
Master Teacher I Teacher I/Furniture Making NCII
Olongapo City NHS Community Vocational High School
Calapan City
Editors: Lando T. Guzman
Reviewers: Edgar Salcedo, Dr. Fely Manuel, Joel Castillo, Arnel Anonical, Romeo
Vicmudo, Allan Mazon, Dr. Orly Manuel and Merham Abelardo

Subject Specialists: Albert B. Erni, James Julius M. Liquigan, Owen M. Milambiling

Management Team:, Jocelyn DR Andaya, Bella O. Mariñas and Jose D. Tuguinayo Jr.

2
Printed in the Philippines by ____________

Department of Education-Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (DepEd-


IMCS)
Office Address: 2nd Floor Dorm G, Philsports Complex, Meralco
Avenue,
Pasig City, Philippines 1600
Telefax: (02) 634-1054, 634-1072
E-mail Address: imcsetd@yahoo.com

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TEACHER’S GUIDE IN CARPENTRY

GRADE 9

Content Standard Performance Standard

The learner demonstrates The learner recognizes his/her


understanding of one’s Personal Personal Entrepreneurial
Entrepreneurial Competencies and Competencies and Skills (PECs) and
Skills (PECs) in Carpentry. prepares an activity plan that aligns
with that of a
practitioner/entrepreneur in
Carpentry

PERSONAL ENTREPRENEURIAL COMPETENCIES (PECs)


LO1. Recognize A. Instruct learners to prepare a separate sheet
Personal for the Pre/ Diagnostic Assessment or let the
Entrepreneurial learners bring their own module together with
Competencies and their Activity Notebook.
Skills (PECSs) needed B. Have learners explain the importance of
in Carpentry recognizing ones PECs and aligning it with
that of a successful entrepreneur in their area.
C. Let them answer the activity found in the
module and process their answers or insights.
D. Let learners prepare their activity plan that
align with that of a practitioner/entrepreneur
in Carpentry.
E. This activity may be done at the beginning of
classes or when necessary/fit to inject it in the
current class discussion for more absorption.
ENVIRONMENT AND MARKET (EM)
LO1. Recognize and A. Ask learners to identify the players/
understand the market competitors within the town
in Carpentry B. Ask learners on how to identify the different
products/services available in the market
C. Let them answer the activity found in the
module and process their answers or insights.
LO2. Recognize the A. Let learners perform the profiling of potential
potential customersin the community/town.
customer/market in B. Allow them to identify the customer’s needs
Carpentry and wants through consumer analysis.
C. Let the learners conduct a consumer/market
analysis. They may use the example in their
module.
LO3. Create new A. Let learners discuss how to explore ways of
business ideas in generating business ideas from ones’ own

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Carpentry business by characteristics/attributes
using various B. Allow learners to generate business ideas
techniques using product innovation from irritants,
trends and emerging needs
C. Let learners perform a Serendipity Walk
activity based on their business ideas.
EM LO1-LO3 will be discussed and applied further when performing their
skill or service application.

Process and Delivery

Content Standard Performance Standard


The learner demonstrates The learner independently prepare
understanding of principles in stake-out building lines in
preparing stake-out building lines. accordance with construction
standards.

Quarter I Time Allotment: 40 Hours

Lesson: Prepare stake-out building lines.

Introduction This module “Carpentry NC II” for TLE grade 9


having the unit of competency “Prapare Stake-out
Building Lines” contains Materials and Activities in every
Learning Outcomes such as Information and Activity
sheets to be used in developing knowledge, skills, and
appropriate attitudes required for the course.
LO1: PREPARE TOOLS, EQUIPMENT AND
MATERIALS FOR STAKEOUT
BUILDING LINES
LO2: STAKE OUT AND SET BATTER BOARDS
LO3: FIX BUILDING LINES
Pre/Diagnostic exam should be given at the start of
every LOs to determine the learners entire knowledge
about the topic.
After the learners undertake the LO they are going to
be evaluated through Self-check and Performance
Assessment Criteria with Rubrics.

Pre/diagnostic A. Prepare the Following:


assessment

5
LO1: Prepare  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9 with
tools, equipment Pre/Diagnostic Assessment.
and materials  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
for stakeout B. Explain to learner about the need for Pre/Diagnostic
building lines. Assessment. Result of the assessment shall provide
feedback to clarify misconceptions in guiding them for
further learning and to assess prior learning.

Answer Key Multiple choice


 1. B hard hat
 2. E gloves
 3. A safety shoes
 4. C goggles
 5. D respirators
 6. F excessive noise
 7. J buiding permit
 8. G plumb bob
 9. H steel square
 10. I claw hammer
Infromation A. Prepare the following:
sheet 1.1  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 TLE notebook for lecture and additional
Types and uses information.
of personal B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
protective  Types and uses of personal protective
equipment (PPE) equipment (PPE)

Self-check 1.1 A. Prepare the following:


 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Types and uses  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
of personal B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 1.1
protective C. Answer key 1.1
equipment (PPE) Matching type
 1. B hard hat
 2. A Safety shoes
 3. E gloves
 4. C goggles
 5. D respirators
 6. F ear muff
Information A. Prepare the following:
sheet 1.2  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 TLE notebook for lecture and additional
Tools and information.
materials used B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
for staking-out  Tools and materials used for staking-out
building lines. building lines.
Self-check 1.2 A. Prepare the following:

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 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Tools and  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
materials used B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 1.2
for staking-out C. Answer key 1.2
building lines. Identification
 1. Sledge hammer
 2. Plumb bob
 3. Pull-push rule
 4. Steel square or framing square
 5. Claw hammer
 6. Level bar or spirit level
 7. Cross cut saw
 8. String
 9. Bolo
 10. Chalk line
Information A. Prepare the following:
sheet 1.3  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 TLE notebook for lecture and addittional
Construction information.
company rules B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
and regulations.  Construction Company rules and regulations.
Self-check 1.3 A. Prepare the following:
 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Construction  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
company rules B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 1.3
and regulations. C. Answer key 1.3
True or False
 1. True
 2. True
 3. False
 4. True
 5. False
Pre/diagnostic A. Prepare the Following:
assessment  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9 with
Pre/Diagnostic Assessment.
LO2: Stake out  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
and set batter B. Explain to learner about the need for Pre/Diagnostic
boards Assessment. Result of the assessment shall provide
feedback to clarify misconceptions in guiding them for
further learning.
Answer Key Multiple choice
 1. B batter boards
 2. B 3 feet
 3. C regarding the height of the tallest foundation
 4. A grade stake
 5. C corner stake

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Information A. Prepare the following:
sheet 2.1  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Types of batter  TLE notebook for lecture and additional
boards information.
B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
 Types of batter boards
Self-check 2.1 A. Prepare the following:
 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Types of batter  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
boards B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 2.1
C. Answer key 2.1
Identification
 1. Batter boards
 2. Grade stakes
 3. Batter boards for foundation posts
 4. Batter boards for foundation walls
 5. Regarding the height of the tallest
foundation
Activity sheet A. Prepare the following:
2.1  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 Carpentry tools
Procedure in a. sledge hammer
setting batter b. claw hammer
boards c. string
d. steel square or framing square
e. try square
f. level bar and level hose
g. cross cut saw
h. pull-push rule
I. ripping/wrecking bar
j. plumb bob
 Materials and hardwares
a. lumber
b. common wire nails (CWN)
Note: The size and number of materials are
depends on the prepared plan of the teacher.
 Equipments
Personal Protective Equipmets
Performance test
Note:
 Refer to LM for the rubrics and assessment criteria
to evaluate the learners performance and output.
 Have learners assess their performance. For
learners who got a rating of 74% below provide the
appropriate intervention.
Summative A. Prepare the following:
Assessment  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9

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 Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
B. Guide the learners in taking up summative
assessment.

Answer Key
Multiple choice
 1. B building permit
 2. A hearing protection
 3. B respirators
 4. C spirit level or level bar
 5. B nylon string
Identification
 6. Batter boards
 7. Pull-push rule
 8. Goggles
 9. Grade stake
 10. Corner stake
Fill in the blanks
 11. Height of the foundation
 12. Stake
 13. Batter boards
 14. String
 15. Corner post
 16. Stretch out
 17. Spirit level or level bar
 18. Leveling
 19. Mark
 20. Nail
Performance test
Note:
 Refer to activity sheet 2.1 of TG for the following
to be prepared:
a. carpentry tools
b. carpentry materials
c. equipments
 Refer to LM for the rubrics and assessment criteria
to evaluate the learners performance and output.
 Have learners assess their performance. For
learners who got a rating of 74% below provide the
appropriate intervention.

9
Quarter II Time Allotment: 40 Hours

Lesson: Prepare stake-out building lines

Pre diagnostic A. Prepare the Following:


LO3  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9 with
Pre/Diagnostic Assessment.
Fix building  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
lines B. Explain to learner about the need for Pre/Diagnostic
Assessment. Result of the assessment shall provide
feedback to clarify misconceptions in guiding them for
further learning.
Answer Key Multiple choice
 1. A floor plan
 2. C specification
 3. B site plan
 4. D plumb bob
 5. A building lines
Information A. Prepare the following:
sheet 3.1  Carpentry NC II module for Grade 9
 TLE notebook for lecture and additional
Blueprint information.
reading B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
Blueprint reading
Self-check 3.1 A. Prepare the following:
 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
Blueprint B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 3.1
reading C. Answer key 3.1
1. A type of technical drawing, which is part of the
documentation needed to build an engineering
product or architectural plan.
 2. Site plan, Floor plan, Elevation, Details, and
Specification
 3. Front, rear or side view of a building,
 4. height dimension.
 5. Show important shapes, positions for assembly,
and dimensions of specific parts of a
building.
 6. Serves as a set of instruction or guidelines that
accompanies a working drawing.
 7. Dining room, bed room, living room, toilet and
bath room
 8. 3.0m x 3.0m or 9sq.m

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 9. 8.50m
 10. 6.50m
 11. 6.50m x 8.50m or 55.25sq.m

Information A. Prepare the following:


sheet 3.2  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 TLE notebook for lecture and additional
Types, information.
functions and B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
uses of testing Types, function and uses of testing tools
tools.
Self check 3.2 A. Prepare the following:
 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Types,  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
functions and B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 3.2
uses of testing C. Answer key 3.2
tools.  1. A framing square
 2. H sliding T-bevel
 3. E level bar
 4. F combined try and mitersqyare
 5. B plastic hose
 6. K Try square
 7. G plumb bob
 8. I miter square
 9. D touge
 10. C combination square

Activity sheet A. Prepare the following:


3.1  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 Carpentry tools
a. sledge hammer
b. claw hammer
Laying out c. string
building plans d. steel square or framing square
e. try square
f. level bar and level hose
g. cross cut saw
h. pull-push rule
I. ripping/wrecking bar
j. plumb bob
 Materials and hardwares
a. lumber
b. common wire nails (CWN)
Note: The size and number of materials are depends on the
prepared plan of the teacher.
 Equipments
Personal Protective Equipmets

11
Performance test
Note:
 Refer to LM for the rubrics and assessment criteria
to evaluate the learners performance and output.
 Have learners assess their performance. For
learners who got a rating of 74% below provide the
appropriate intervention.
Summative A. Prepare the following:
Assessment  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
B. Guide the learners in taking up summative
assessment.
Answer Key Multiple choice
 1. A floor plan
 2. C specification
 3. B site plan
 4. D plumb bob
 5. A building lines
Identification
 6. Elevation
 7. Tongue
 8. Try square
 9. Plastic hose with water
 10. Blueprint
Fill in the blanks
 11. Transfer
 12. Locate
 13. Squaring
 14. Corner stake
 15. Measure
 16. Perpendicular
 17. Intersection
 18. Stretch
 19. Length
 20. Opposite
Performance test
Note:
 Refer to activity sheet 3.1 of TG for the following
to be prepared:
a. carpentry tools
b. carpentry materials
c. equipments
 Refer to LM for the rubrics and assessment criteria
to evaluate the learners performance and output.
 Have learners assess their performance. For
learners who got a rating of 74% below provide the
appropriate intervention.

12
Content Standard Performance Standard
The learner demonstrates The learner independently performs
understanding of the concepts fabrication of formworks based on
and underlying principles in construction standards.
fabricating formworks.

Quarter III Time Allotment: 40 Hours

Lesson: Fabricate Formworks

Introduction This module “Carpentry NC II” for TLE Grade 9” having


the unit of competency “Fabricating Formwork
Components ” contains Materials and Activities in every
Learning Outcomes such as Information and Activity
sheets to be used in developing knowledge, skills, and
attitudes required for the course.
LO1: PREPARE TOOLS, EQUIPMENT AND
MATERIALS FOR FABRICATING
FORMWORKS ACCORDING TO JOB
REQUIREMENTS
LO2: LAY OUT AND CUT THE DIMENSION OF
FORM SHEATHING AND STIFFENER
LO3: ASSEMBLE FORM PANELS
Pre/Diagnostic exam should be given at the start of
every LOs to determine the learners entire knowledge
about the topic.
After the learners undertake the LO they are going to
be evaluated through Self-check and Performance
Assessment Criteria with Rubrics.

Pre/ diagnostic A. Prepare the Following:


 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9 with
LO1: Prepare Pre/Diagnostic Assessment.
tools, equipment  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
and materials for B. Explain to learner about the need for Pre/Diagnostic
fabricating Assessment. Result of the assessment shall provide
formworks feedback to clarify misconceptions in guiding them for
according to job further learning.
requirements.

13
Answer Key Multiple choice
 1. B claw hammer
 2. A. Lumber
 3. C chalk line
 4. A 3 board feet
 5. C 12 board feet

Information A. Prepare the following:


sheet 1.1  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 TLE notebook for lecture and additional
Tools, materials information.
and equipment B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
for fabricating Tools, materials and equipment for fabricating
formwork formwork

Self-check 1.1 A. Prepare the following:


 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Tools, materials  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
and equipment B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 1.1
for fabricating C. Answer key 1.1
formwork Identification
 1. Gloves
 2. Claw hammer
 3. Lumber
 4. Pencil
 5. Chalk line
 6. Cross cut saw
 7. Steel square or framing square
 8. Pull-push rule

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Information A. Prepare the following:
sheet 1.2  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 TLE notebook for lecture and additional
information.
Compute B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
boradfeet of a Compute board feet of a lumber
lumber C. Computation

Self-check 1.2 A. Prepare the following:


 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Compute  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
bordfeet of a B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 1.2
lumber. C. Answer key 1.2
 1. 105 board feet
 2. 120 board feet
 3. 1050 board feet
 4. 250 board feet
 5. 432 board feet

15
Pre/diagnostic A. Prepare the Following:
LO2: Lay-out  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9 with
and cut to Pre/Diagnostic Assessment.
dimension of  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
form sheathing B. Explain to learner about the need for Pre/Diagnostic
and stiffeners Assessment. Result of the assessment shall provide
feedback to clarify misconceptions in guiding them for
further learning.
Answer Key Multiple choice
 1. D rip saw
 2. B pulling out and driving nails
 3. D all of the above
 4. C use appropriate PPE
 5. D all of the above
Information A. Prepare the following:
sheet 2.1  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 TLE notebook for lecture and additional
Lay-out and cut information.
to dimension of B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
form sheathing Lay-out and cut dimension of form sheating
and stiffeners. and stiffeners

Self-check 2.1 A. Prepare the following:


 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Lay-out and cut  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
to dimension of B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 2.1
form sheathing C. Answer key 2.1
and stiffeners. Enumeration
1.
 a. Study carefully the plan and detailed
drawing.
 b. From the given detailed drawing, you can
study its different parts,
including sizes of these parts
 c.Cutting lumbers, always refer to the schedule
of cutting.
 d. Always determine the methods of
measurement used in the plan. Always
remember the principles for cutting “measure
twice and cut once”
 f. In cutting lumber and plywoods, always use
effective tools.
2.
 Pull push rule
 Try square
 Claw hammer

16
Activity sheet 2.1
A. Prepare the following:
 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Lay-out and cut  Carpentry tools
to dimension of a. sledge hammer
form sheathing b. claw hammer
and stiffeners c. string
d. steel square or framing square
e. try square
f. level bar and level hose
g. cross cut saw
h. pull-push rule
I. ripping/wrecking bar
j. plumb bob
 Materials and hardwares
a. lumber
b. common wire nails (CWN)
Note: The size and number of materials are depends on the
prepared plan of the teacher.
 Equipments
Personal Protective Equipmets
Performance test
Note:
 Refer to LM for the rubrics and assessment
criteria to evaluate the learners performance and
output.
 Have learners assess their performance. For
learners who got a rating of 74% below provide
the appropriate intervention.
Summative A. Prepare the following:
Assessment  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
B. Guide the learners in taking up summative
assessment.

Answer Key Multiple choice


 1. D
 2. A
 3. C
 4. A
 5. C
Identification
 6. Lumber
 7. Pencil

17
 8. Chalk line
 9. Framing or steel square
 10. Pull-push rule
Fill in the blanks
 11. Interpret
 12. Tools
 13. Materials
 14. Cutting
 15. Plywood
 16. Locate
 17. Cut
 18. Arrange
 19. Classify
 20. Teacher

Performance test
Note:
 Refer to activity sheet 2.1 of TG for the following to
be prepared:
a. carpentry tools
b. carpentry materials
c. equipments
 Refer to LM for the rubrics and assessment
criteria to evaluate the learners performance and
output.
Have learners assess their performance. For learners
who got a rating of 74% below provide the appropriate
intervention.

18
QUARTER IV Time Allotment: 40 Hours

LESSON: Fabricate Formworks

Pre diagnostic A. Prepare the Following:


LO3  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9 with
Pre/Diagnostic Assessment.
 Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
B. Explain to learner about the need for Pre/Diagnostic
Assessment. Result of the assessment shall provide
feedback to clarify misconceptions in guiding them for
further learning and to assess prior learning.
Answer Key Identification:
 1. Tool
 2. Tool
 3. Equipment
 4. Materials
 5. Tool
Information A. Prepare the following:
sheet 3.1  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 TLE notebook for lecture and additional
Tools, materials information.
and equipments B. Guide learners in the discussion of the lesson about:
in fabricating Tools, Materials And Equipments In Fabricating
formworks. Formworks

Self-check 3.1 A. Prepare the following:


 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
Tools, materials B. Guide the learners in taking up self-check 2.1
and equipments C. Answer key 3.1
in fabricating Identification
formworks.  1. Tool
 2. Tool
 3. Equipment
 4. Materials
 5. Tool
 6. Equipment
 7. Tool
 8. Materials
 9.Materials
 10. Equipment
Activity sheet 3.1 A. Prepare the following:
 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 Carpentry tools
Assembling of a. sledge hammer
forms for column b. claw hammer

19
c. string
d. steel square or framing square
e. try square
f. level bar and level hose
g. cross cut saw
h. pull-push rule
I. ripping/wrecking bar
j. plumb bob
 Materials and hardwares
a. lumber
b. common wire nails (CWN)
c. plywood
Note: The size and number of materials are depends on the
prepared plan of the teacher.
 Equipments
Personal Protective Equipmets
Performance test
Note:
 Refer to LM for the rubrics and assessment
criteria to evaluate the learners performance and
output.
 Have learners assess their performance. For
learners who got a rating of 74% below provide
the appropriate intervention.
Activity sheet 3.2 A. Prepare the following:
 Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
 Carpentry tools
Intallation of a. sledge hammer
forms for b. claw hammer
columns c. string
d. steel square or framing square
e. try square
f. level bar and level hose
g. cross cut saw
h. pull-push rule
I. ripping/wrecking bar
j. plumb bob
 Materials and hardwares
a. lumber
b. common wire nails (CWN)
Note: The size and number of materials are depends on
the prepared plan of the teacher.
 Equipments
Personal Protective Equipmets

B. Performance test
Note:
 Refer to LM for the rubrics and assessment

20
criteria to evaluate the learners performance and
output.
 Have learners assess their performance. For
learners who got a rating of 74% below provide
the appropriate intervention.
Summative A. Prepare the following:
Assessment /  Carpentry NC II module for TLE Grade 9
Quarter 4  Separate answer sheet or Test notebook
B. Guide the learners in taking up summative
assessment.

Answer key Identification


 1. Materials
 2. Tools
 3. Equipments
 4. Materials
 5. Tools
True or False
 6. True
 7. False/ plumb bob
 8. True
 9. True
 10. False/Foundation
Fill in the blanks
 11. Read
 12. Prepare
 13. Longitudinal ribs
 14. Perpendicular ribs
 15. Position
 16. Frame
 17. Plan and detail
 18. Braces
 19. Drive
 20. Installation
Performance test
Note:
 Refer to activity sheet 3.2 of TG for the following
to be prepared:
a. carpentry tools
b. carpentry materials
c. equipments
 Refer to LM for the rubrics and assessment
criteria to evaluate the learners performance and
output.
 Have learners assess their performance. For
learners who got a rating of 74% below provide
the appropriate intervention.

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Technical Terms

Prepare stakeout building lines

Batter boards are horizontal boards placed at corners and at the sides of
the projected building where the final layout takes place.
Foundation is lowest support on which the building rests.
Grade line is levelness of the ground after filling or leveling.
Ground line is natural contour of the ground.
Orientation line is line representing one side of the building to be erected.
Plumb is perpendicular to a horizontal line.

Fabricate formworks

Assemble means to fit together as the part of the mechanism


Bulge means to swell; make or be protuberant.
Dimension any measurable extent or magnitude, as the length,
breadth or thickness.
Fabricate means to make, assemble or manufacture
Form is a temporary boarding, sheathing or pan used to
produce the desired shape and size concrete.
Lumber is sawed or sliced to board, plank.
Plywood is a material composed of a number of thin sheets of
wood glued together with the grains of adjacent sheets at
right angles.
Sheet is a broad, piece of any thin material

Stable means standing firmly in place; not easily moved, shaken,


or overthrown; fixed

Stiff means not moving easily

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References and other reading materials

REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING:

Simplified Methods on Building Construction


First Edition
By: Max B. Fajardo Jr.

Industrial Technology
Experimental Edition
By: SEPD Series

Building Construction/House Wiring, House Plumbing and Estimate


First Edition
By: Jose Lubrica

Simplified Construction Estimate


Third Edition
By: Max B. Fajardo Jr.

Civil Technology
First Edition
By: Rd. Eufemio P. Valdriz

Carpentry for Residential Construction


First Edition
By: Byron W. Maguire

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