Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

Atividade de Geografia - Turmas do 1º ano 2019

Capítulo 5 – Os mapas e a linguagem cartográfica

1- Qual o papel da cartografia?


_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

2- O que é mapa?
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

3- Quais são os aspectos que podem ser trabalhados em um mapa temático?


_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

4- Cole um mapa de sua escolha e nele circule e nomeie os 6 elementos


básicos de uma mapa.
5- Quais as diferenças entre as escalas gráfica e numérica?
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

6- Sobre escala responda:


a) O que indica o numerador da escala numérica?
___________________________________________________________________________________

b) O que indica o denominador da escala numérica?


____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

c) Por que a escala é importante em um mapa


____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

7 – No mapa da questão nº 5, qual é a distância real de 3cm?


_______________________________________________________________________________________

8 – Observe o mapa do Brasil da página 69 do livro. Meça e calcule as distância


entre:
a) A e B = ___________________________
b) C e D = ___________________________
c) E e F = ___________________________
9 - Diferencie:
a) Planta cartográfica:
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

b) Carta cartográfica:
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

c) Mapa:
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
10 – Quais são as características principais das projeções cilíndricas, cônicas
e azimutal ou polar, em relação às áreas que melhor representam a
Terra e sobre as formas como se apresentam os paralelos e os
meridianos em cada uma das projeções:
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

11 – Leia o texto: “Projeções cartográficas e ideologias” e compare as


projeções de Mercator e Peters - p. 74 a 76
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________