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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Caraga Administrative Region
Division of Surigao del Sur
UNHS-JOSE SANVICTORES SR. NATIONAL SCHOOL Annex
Municipality of Cagwait

LEARNING PLAN IN PROBABILITY

TIME FRAME: 1 day - March06, 2018

I- OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, the learner is able to
- Define what is binomial probability distribution
- Solve problems involving binomial probability distribution
- Familiarize the formula in binomial probability distribution
- Identify the probability of success, failure, total given number and the probability of unknown x.
CONTENT
- The Binomial Probability Distribution

II- LEARNING RESOURCES

A. References
- Introductory Statistics p.34-40

III- PROCEDURES

A. Reviewing previous lesson or presenting the new lesson


Groupings:
Suppose 3 coins are tossed simultaneously. Let X be the random variable denoting the number of heads
that may turn up. The possible values of X are 0,1,2,3.
Outcomes HHH HHT HTH HTT THH THT TTH TTT
X= 3 2 2 1 2 1 1 0
Number of
heads

B. Establishing a purpose of the lesson


Brown bag Discussion: Any member of the group can ask questions to another group.
In the example above, students will determine the probability distribution of x.

X 0 1 2 3
P(X) 1/8 3/8 3/8 1/8

C. Presenting examples/instances of the new lesson

A binomial experiment is one that has the following properties:


1. The experiment consists of n repeated trials
2. Each trial results in an outcome that maybe classified as a success or a failure.
3. The probability of success, denoted by p remains constant from trial to trial. The probability of failure
is q= 1-p
4. The repeated trials are independent.

In a binomial probability distribution, the probability of x successes in n trials is given by:

P(x)= n!/ x(n-x)! (p)˟ (q)ᴺˉ˟

Example: Some field representatives of the Environmental Protection Agency are doing spot check on
water pollution on streams. Historically, 8 out of 10 such tests produce favourable result, that is, no
pollution. If the field group will perform 6 tests, what is the probability of getting exactly 3 favorable
results?

Solution: Let p= 0.8 q=0.2 n=6 x=3

P(3) = 6!/ 3! 3! (0.8)³ (0.2)³ = 0.08192


Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Caraga Administrative Region
Division of Surigao del Sur
UNHS-JOSE SANVICTORES SR. NATIONAL SCHOOL Annex
Municipality of Cagwait

D. Discussing new concepts and practicing new skills #1

Small Group Task-oriented-Discussion :


1. By very careful screening applicants, the Bank of the Phil. Islands has been able to limit bad debts
losses on consumer loans to 8 percent. What is the probability that exactly 4 of the 5 applicants
will repay their loans?

Questions”
a. What is the probability of success & failure?
b. How did you get the probability of failure?
c. How did you convert the percent to fraction?

E. Discussing new concepts and practicing new skills #2

Lecture by teacher:
1. By very careful screening applicants, the Bank of the Phil. Islands has been able to limit bad debts
losses on consumer loans to 8 percent. What is the probability that at least 4 of the 5 applicants will
repay their loans?

Questions:
a. How many solutions you need to have for answering the problem?
b. What is the difference between the above example from this example?

- Probability of at least 4 of the 5 applicants to repay their loans = P(4) + P(5)

F. Developing Mastery

Worksheet
1. A bank hires 12 MBA’s each year and assigns them in various divisions. After a year’s experience, the
chance that anyone MBA will be performing satisfactorily have historically been 40%. In this year’s group,
what is the probability that 6 or more will be performing satisfactorily?
2. The probability that a patient recovers from a delicate heart operation is 85%. What is the probability
that 4 of the next 9 patients having this operation survives?

G. Making generalizations and abstractions about the lesson


- If all trials have identical probability of success, then this type of experiment is called binomial experiment.
- A binomial experiment is one that has the following properties:
5. The experiment consists of n repeated trials
6. Each trial results in an outcome that maybe classified as a success or a failure.
7. The probability of success, denoted by p remains constant from trial to trial. The probability of failure
is q= 1-p
8. The repeated trials are independent.

In a binomial probability distribution, the probability of x successes in n trials is given by:

P(x)= n!/ x(n-x)! (p)˟ (q)ᴺˉ˟

Agreement:

- Research on Normal Probability Distribution

Prepared by: Patrick A. Paraguya


Math Teacher