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Who is to blame for the death of King Duncan and all the tragic events that follow in the play Macbeth?

At the beginning of the play, Macbeth is a loyal and brave friend to King Duncan. After visiting the witches and hearing that he’ll become king, Macbeth gets a bit out of control and greedy. Hearing these predictions from the witches and Lady Macbeth’s encouragement, Macbeth goes on and kills Duncan. Afterwards, Macbeth’s guilt and fear lead him to committing even more murders as the time goes by to help him feel better about himself and secure his power. His confidence later on begins to fade and lead to his failure and he is eventually overthrown from being king and his killed by the people that he was mistreated by. Macbeth is to blame for Duncan’s death and the tragic events afterwards because he lead himself get out of control and he listened to the witches. At the end of the play, Macbeth got what he deserved. Macbeth was beheaded by Macduff and Macduff became the King of Scotland.

Firstly, Macbeth went on and talked to the witches at the beginning of the play. In act 1, scene 1, line 12 it states “Fair is foul, and foul is fair.” This quote is from the opening scene of the play and is spoken by all three witches at once. It means “good is evil and evil is good.” This seems like an oxymoron. How can something be both good and bad? Since this quote starts the play, we are wondering just who or what is good and who is evil. The quote is a bit of a riddle, so it builds suspense by making the audience wonder if we'll ever figure out what it means. This lets the audience know that the witches are mysterious and don’t speak plainly about their intentions. We don’t know if the witches are just commenting on the play or actually influencing the actions of the characters. This gives us a idea that something bad is going to happen. Macbeth should’ve never went to see the witches because everyone knows that witches lead to something bad happening. After Macbeth talked to the witches, they told him that he’ll be King of Scotland. Macbeth got the idea from his wife that he should kill Duncan and his wife encouraged him because then she’ll be the queen. I believe that Duncan’s death was caused by Macbeth being greedy and only thinking about himself. Macbeth didn’t even realize how Duncan’s family would’ve felt when they heard about the death.

Secondly, Macbeth was feeling insecure about himself and he wanted to secure his powers. The next killing that Macbeth did was the killing of Banquo. Banquo was a good friend of Macbeth. They both used to be soldiers for Duncan’s army. But after the killing of King Duncan, Banquo had a feeling that the person who killed Duncan was Macbeth. Both Macbeth and Duncan suspect each others for standing in his way, so Macbeth decided to send out servants to kill both Banquo and Fleance. Luckily, Fleance ran away. In act 3, scene 1, line 129-130, it states “Both of you know Banquo was your enemy“ Another quote also is in act 3, scene 1, line 143-144 and it states “We shall, my lord, perform what you command us.” Macbeth in the same act but lines 161-162 state “It is concluded. Banquo, thy soul’s flight, if it find heaven, must find it out tonight.” During these parts, Macbeth wants the servants to kill Banquo and Fleance but the servants didn’t want to participate in a murder but then Macbeth tells them that Banquo was their enemy. The servants then change their minds and they kill Banquo. Macbeth knows that Banquo suspects him of killing Duncan and he’s also furious that he has done a lot of things to make him king and he doesn’t want Banquo or any of his descendants to ruin anything for him because later on Banquo’s family will benefit from it rather than him. So during the feast he tells his wife that he wants to be alone but instead he goes out and calls his servants to do the killing for him. I believe that Macbeth was being greedy and needy because he only thinks about himself and wants things to be down as he wants them.

Lastly, the second to last murder that was committed by Macbeth was the killing of Lady Macduff and her sons. During that time of the killing, Macduff wasn’t there to help his family. Instead Macduff went to England to convince Malcolm to return to Scotland with the help of his english forces to help and dethrone Macbeth from being king. Macbeth became evil and all the Macduff wanted was for peace and safety again for the people of Scotland. When the murders arrive to Macduff’s home, they only find Macduff’s wife and sons because they didn’t know that Macduff fled to England. So the murders kill Lady Macduff and her sons to eliminate the threat to Macbeth. During this tragic event, some may say that it was only Macbeth’s fault for everything but in the other hand, these tragic events were also caused by the witches. If it wasn’t for the witches telling Macbeth that he’ll be the king, Macbeth wouldn’t commit all of these murders. In act 4, scene 1, line 90-92, it states “Be bloody, bold, and resolute. Laugh to scorn the power of man, for none of woman born shall harm Macbeth.” The witches are saying that nobody born by a women will hurt Macbeth. Macbeth then in the same act and scene, line 93, states “Then live, Macduff; what need I fear of thee?” Since Macbeth killed Macduff’s family, he now thinks that Macduff can’t do anything to him because that’s what the witches predicted. In act 5, scene 8, Macbeth doesn’t seem to fear anything when he fights with Macduff. But the unpredictable happens and Macduff ended up beheading Macbeth. Since now that Macbeth is no longer alive, his role of being King of Scotland is no longer available and Macduff becomes the new king.

In conclusion, a lot of tragic events had happened during the play of Macbeth. Some say it was the witches that are to blame, others say it was Lady Macbeth but I believe that it was Macbeth. His actions caused all of those tragic events. Macbeth wanted to be king so he killed the former king, Duncan. Banquo was suspicious about Macbeth and he knew about the killing of Duncan so Macbeth send out servants to kill Banquo and his son because he didn’t want Banquo to ruin his only chances of becoming king. Later on Macbeth kills Macduff’s sons and Lady Macduff because he wanted to get revenge on Macduff. All of these tragic events happened because Macbeth wanted to be king and didn’t want anybody to ruin his chances.