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NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD

CLASS

5 Years (2014-2018)
Solved Papers 8

INSTANT
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CLASS 8

Contents
ÂÂ NSO 2014 - SET A

ÂÂ NSO 2014 - SET B

ÂÂ NSO 2015 - SET 1

ÂÂ NSO 2015 - SET 2

ÂÂ NSO 2016 - SET A

ÂÂ NSO 2016 - SET B

ÂÂ NSO 2017 - SET A

ÂÂ NSO 2017 - SET B

ÂÂ NSO 2018 - SET A

ÂÂ NSO 2018 - SET B


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Set A

Year 2014
17th NSO - SET A 2

Logical reasoning

1. Select the option which will replace the question mark 6. If the alphabets are written in the reverse order after
in the given number series. interchanging alphabets from ‘D to L’ with those from
10, 100, 200, 310, ? ‘R to Z’ respectively, which letter would be midway
between W and E in the new order?
A. 400 B. 410
C. 420 D. 430 A. Z B. N
C. D D. None of these
2. Mr. ‘X’ shows three photographs to Mr. 'Y'. Pointing
towards photograph 1, he says, “The person in photograph 7. If Fig. (X) is rotated one step in a particular direction,
1 is my uncle, who says ‘uncle’ to the person in photograph then identify its rotated form, from the given option
2, and the person in photograph 3 is called ‘uncle’ by figures.
the person in photograph 2.” How is Mr. ‘X’ related to
the person in photograph 2?
A. Grandson
B. Granddaughter Fig. (X)
C. Great grandson
D. None of these
A. B.
3. At a dinner party, both fish and meat were served.
Some took only fish while some took only meat.
There were some vegetarians also who did not accept
either of the two, while the rest accepted both fish
and meat. Which of the following Venn diagrams C. D.
correctly represents this situation?

8. Select a figure from the given options which will


A. B.
complete the given figure matrix.

C. D.

4. Six people P, Q, R, S, T and U are sitting on the ground


in a hexagonal shape. All the sides of the hexagon, so
formed, are of same length. P is not adjacent to Q or
R; S is not adjacent to R or T; Q and R are adjacent;
U is in the middle of S and R.
Who is at the same distance from S as T is from S?
A. Q
A. B.
B. R
C. U
D. Can't be determined

5. Select the pair of figures which satisfies the same C. D.


conditions of placement of dots.

9. Three of the following four numbers are alike in


a certain way and so form a group. Which of the
following does not belong to that group?
A. I, II B. II, III A. 143 B. 399
C. III, IV D. I, IV C. 759 D. 257
17th NSO - SET A 3
10. There are seven figures, the first and last of What will come in place of (b)?
which are unmarked and remaining are marked as A. 21 B. 23.5
P, Q, R, S and T. However, the series will be established
C. 19.5 D. 16
only if the positions of two of the marked figures are
interchanged. Find the figures. 13. There are five different successive figures showing
movement of the hands in a clock. Identify the pattern
and find the next figure.

A. PQ B. QR
C. QT D. ST

11. A pile of cubes of equal size is arranged in the form of A. B.


a block as shown in the figure. If the block is dipped
into a bucket filled with red paint, so that only the
surfaces of the block get coloured, then how many C. D.
cubes are coloured on three faces only?

A. 14 14. In a code language, each of the vowels, i.e., A, E, I, O


and U, is substituted by the letter preceding it, while
B. 15 a consonant is substituted by the nearest vowel. How
can the word EVIDENCE be written in that code?
C. 16 A. DUHJEDOED
B. DUHEDUAD
D. 12
C. DUJEDOAD
12. Two series in two rows are given below. In the first D. DUHEDOAD OR DUHEDOED
row, a full series is given which follows a specific
15. At my farmhouse I am facing East, then I turn left
pattern. The second row has a series, similar to the
and walk 10 metres. I again turn right and walk 5
first series but only first element of this series is given,
metres. Again I go 5 metres towards the South, and
followed by (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e), representing the
from there walk 5 metres towards the West. In which
subsequent elements. Complete the series and answer
direction am I from my farmhouse ?
the question that follows :
7 24 10 33 14.5 46.5 A. East B. West
11 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) C. North D. South

Science

16. When a constant force acts on a mass, and the mass 18. The displacement-time graph of a s
starts moving from rest, then the body in motion is shown here. The
(i) acceleration is constant corresponding velocity-time graph
(ii) velocity increases at a constant rate will be t
(iii) distance travelled is directly proportional to the v
time. v
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A. (i) only B. (i) and (ii) only A. t
t B.
C. (i) and (iii) only D. (ii) and (iii) only
17. Which planet is called the morning star as well as the v
v
evening star, depending on its position with respect
to the sun? C. D. t
A. Mercury B. Venus
C. Mars D. Saturn t
17th NSO - SET A 4
19. A man standing in front of a large wall, claps two A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2
objects against each other at an interval of 1.2 s is the correct explanation of statement 1.
regularly. The echo of the first clap coincides with B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2
the fifth clap. If the speed of sound in air is 340 m s–1, is not the correct explanation of statement 1.
the distance between the man and the wall is ____.
C. Statement 1 is false but statement 2 is true.
A. 408 m B. 1632 m
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
C. 816 m D. 204 m
25. A cube of side 0.2 m rests on the floor,
20. The image formed by the side-view mirror of an
as shown. Given that the cube has a
automobile is
mass of 50 kg, the pressure exerted by 50 kg
(i) of the same size as that of object
(ii) virtual and diminished the cube on the floor is ________.
0.2 m
(iii) erect and real (Take g = 10 N kg–1)
(iv) erect and magnified. A. 25 N m–2 B. 250 N m–2
Which of the following statements is/are correct? C. 1250 N m–2 D. 12500 N m–2
A. (i) only B. (ii) only
C. (i) and (iii) only D. (iii) and (iv) only 26. In an electrical circuit containing a battery, the positive
charge inside the battery ________.
21. The diagram shows a man standing at a position M
in front of a plane mirror, a distance of x m from the A. always goes from positive terminal to the negative
mirror. terminal
B. may go from positive terminal to negative
terminal
C. always goes from the negative terminal to positive
terminal
D. does not move

When the man moves 3 m away from the mirror, the 27. A plank is supported on the steps of a staircase as
new distance between the man and his image becomes shown in the figure. How many forces are acting on
12 m. What is the value of x?
the plank?
A. 1 m B. 2 m
C. 3 m D. 4 m A. 4
Plank
B. 5
22. A substance in gaseous form is being cooled to solid
state. Its temperature will remain constant when the C. 6
substance is D. 7
(i) in condensing phase
28. How do cyclones decrease the fertility of soil in the
(ii) in freezing phase
(iii) at thermal equilibrium with the environment. coastal areas?
A. (i) only B. (iii) only A. By flooding the land with saline water.
C. (i) and (ii) only D. (i), (ii) and (iii) B. By dissolving soil and rocks.
C. By increasing the water table of the place.
23. During a track and field meet, the time difference
between seeing the smoke from a starter's gun and D. By decreasing the water table of the place.
hearing the bang would be less ______.
29. Read the given statements and select the correct
A. On a warmer day option.
B. On a cooler day
C. If a more powerful shell were used Statement-1 : Petroleum is called ‘black gold’.
D. If a less powerful shell were used Statement-2 : Petroleum is a dark oily liquid.
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2
24. Read the given statements and mark the correct
is the correct explanation of statement 1.
option.
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2
Statement -1 : A convex mirror always forms a real
image. is not the correct explanation of statement 1.
Statement -2 : A diverging beam incident on a convex C. Statement 1 is true but statement 2 is false.
mirror is reflected as a diverging beam. D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
17th NSO - SET A 5
30. Read the table carefully. 33. Identify V, W, X, Y and Z in the given Venn diagram.
S. Reaction Product Characteristic
No. formed test
1. Copper vessel Green Turns red
exposed to moist coating litmus solution
air. blue.
2. Aluminium foil Colourless, Burns with a
dipped in fresh odourless pop sound.
solution of sodium gas
hydroxide.
3. Rusting of iron. Reddish Turns red
brown litmus solution V W X Y Z
deposit blue. A. Filling Withdrawing Burning Charging Boiling
a water money from a candle mobile an egg
4. Burning of sulphur Colourless, Turns blue bottle ATM battery
powder. suffocating litmus solution B. Filling Charging Burning Withdrawing Boiling
gas red. a water mobile a candle money from an egg
bottle battery ATM
Identify the products formed and their nature.
C. Burning Charging Filling Boiling Withdrawing
A. (1) Cu(OH)2 , CuCO3; basic (2) H2; neutral a candle mobile a water an egg money from
(3) Fe2O3; basic (4) SO2; acidic battery bottle ATM
D. Boiling Filling Withdrawing Charging Burning
B. (1) CuO; basic (2) O2; neutral an egg a water money from mobile a candle
(3) Fe3O4; basic (4) H2S; acidic bottle ATM battery
C. (1) Cu(OH)2 , CuCO3; basic (2) H2; neutral
34. Different mixtures are taken in four different test
(3) Fe2O3; acidic (4) SO2; basic
tubes and each of them is tested with indicators as
D. (1) Cu; basic (2) H2O; neutral
shown below :
(3) FeO, basic (4) SO3; basic

31. Which of the following examples are periodic Methyl orange Turmeric solution
changes?
5 mL Sour milk Pinch of baking powder
I. Occurrence of eclipse. + 5 mL Lime water
+ 5 mL Water
II. The flowering of jasmine bush.
(1) (2)
III. Occurrence of new moon.
IV. Opening and closing of stomata.
V. Appearance of rainbow. Phenolphthalein China rose
VI. Rotation of earth. Pinch of salt 5 mL Lemon juice
VII. Blinking of eyes. + 5 mL Sugar + 5 mL Tamarind juice
VIII. Twinkling of stars. (3) (4)
A. I, V, VII and VIII Select the incorrect observation.
B. I, II, III and IV A. No change in colour in test tubes 1 and 3.
C. II, III, IV and VI B. Turmeric solution turns red in test tube 2.
D. All are non-periodic changes. C. China rose turns magenta in test tube 4.
D. None of the above
32. Neha, a class VIII student arranged the following
experimental set-up and observed the changes 35. Match the articles given in Column-I with the
carefully. fibres/plastics from which they are made in Column-II.
Column-I Column-II
(a) Toothbrush bristles (i) Melamine
(b) Carpet (ii) PVC
(c) Bottle (iii) Nylon
(d) Toy (iv) Rayon
(e) Fire resistant fabric (v) PET
On the basis of her observations identify the correct A. (a)-(i), (b)-(iv), (c)-(ii), (d)-(v), (e)-(iii)
order of reactivity. B. (a)-(iv), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iii), (d)-(i), (e)-(v)
A. Zn > Cu > Fe B. Zn > Fe > Cu C. (a)-(iii), (b)-(iv), (c)-(v), (d)-(ii), (e)-(i)
C. Fe > Zn > Cu D. Cu > Fe > Zn D. (a)-(iii), (b)-(v), (c)-(iv), (d)-(i), (e)-(ii)
17th NSO - SET A 6
36. The manufacture of bread, beer and wine involves 40. The names of some plants are given below in the
alcoholic fermentation of glucose to ethanol by yeast. list :
Which of the following five statements concerning I. Lady’s finger VI. Grass
this process are correct? II. Drumstick VII. Xanthium
I. Yeast carries out fermentation because yeast III. Balsam VIII. Madar
cells lack mitochondria. IV. Urena IX. Sunflower
II. For every molecule of ethanol produced, one V. Maple X. Coconut
molecule of CO2 evolves. Match these plants with the mode of dispersal of their
III. For every one molecule of glucose fermented, fruits/seeds and select the correct option.
net two molecules of ATP are generated. Wind Animals Water Bursting
IV. More than 80% of the chemical energy of the of fruits
glucose is released as heat. A. II, V, VI, VIII, IX III, IV, VII X I
V. Glycolysis is an integral part of this B. II, V, VI, VIII, IX IV, VII X I, III
fermentation.
C. V, VI, IX II, IV, VII X I, III, VIII
A. II, III and IV B. I, II, III and V
C. II, III and V D. I, IV and V D. II, VI, VII, VIII I, IX X III, IV, V

37. Thyroxine controls _______ in frogs and the development


41.
of _______ and ______ during embryonic development
of other vertebrates. Thyroxine production requires
the presence of ______ in diet.
Select the correct sequence of words to complete the
above passage.
A. Development, Circulatory system, Muscles,
Iodine
B. Metamorphosis, Circulatory system, Muscles,
Calcium
C. Development, Bones, Nervous system, Iron Some steps involved in the treatment of water in a
D. Metamorphosis, Bones, Nervous system, Iodine wastewater treatment plant are labelled as P, Q, R and
S in the above diagram. The table given below shows
38. The given pie charts show the composition of three () for those steps in which the particular process
types of soil samples X, Y and Z.
is occurring while () for those in which it is not
Which of the following is correct regarding these soil
occurring. Which among these is/are incorrect?
samples?
Process P Q R S
I. Sludge removal    
II. Anaerobic decomposition    
III. Cleaning of clarified watery waste    
A. X is unable to hold water or nutrients.
B. Y is used for pot making. IV. Disinfection of treated water    
C. Z provides good aeration to plant roots. A. I and II B. III and IV
D. X is best suited for cultivation. C. II only D. None of these
39. Read the given statements and select the correct
42. According to the extent of threat to a species and
option.
Statement-1 : Chloroplast and mitochondria are its population in its natural habitat, four categories have
semi-autonomous organelles. been identified which are given below :
Statement-2 : Chloroplast and mitochondria have their I. Extinct in wild
own DNA and protein synthesizing machinery. II. Critically endangered species
III. Vulnerable species
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2
IV. Endangered species
is the correct explanation of statement  1.
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 Select the correct order of these species according
is not the correct explanation of statement 1. to their conservation priority?
C. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false. A. II > IV > I > III B. I > II > IV > III
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false. C. III > I > II > IV D. I > IV > III > II
17th NSO - SET A 7
43. Refer to the given figures of bacteria (X, Y and Z) Plant Z → The anthers were carefully removed, and
and read the statements I, II & III regarding these. a paper bag was tied tightly around each
Based on the given information, identify the bacterium bud.
and select the correct option. Although all flowers later bloomed normally, only those

on plant X, produced seeds. This result showed that
in this species _____ pollination can take place.
A. Only insect B. Only cross
C. Only wind D. Either of A, B or C
I.
Bacteria X causes cholera.
45. Match Column I with Column II and select the correct
II.
Bacteria Y causes a disease which disrupts proper option from the codes given below.
exchange of gases.
Column I Column II
III. Bacteria Z converts lactose sugar of milk to lactic
acid. (a) SPM (i) Poisoning of bald eagles
(b) Typhoid (ii) Green house gas
A. X is Vibro cholerae. B. Z is Lactobacillus.
(c) CO (iii) Vehicle exhaust
C. Y is Salmonella typhi. D. Both A and B
(d) CO2 (iv) Incomplete combustion
44. Following investigation was carried out using flower (e) DDT (v) Pathogens in polluted water
buds growing on three plants of the same species. a b c d e
Plant X → The anthers were carefully removed, and the A. iii v ii iv i
buds left open to the air. B. i iii iv ii v
Plant Y → The anthers were left untouched, and a paper C. iii iv v ii i
bag was tied tightly around each bud. D. iii v iv ii i

ACHIEVERS SECTION

46. A. I and II B. II only


C. III only D. I and III

47. A large number of functions


are performed by different
hormones secreted by
endocrine glands. Match
the given functions (a, b,
c, d and e) to the labelled
glands in the figure and
The given graph shows two crop fields (X and Y ) that select the correct option.
have been treated by different types of materials for
a.
Maintains a steady
nutrient replenishment, keeping other environmental
level of glucose in the
factors same. Given are some assumptions regarding blood.
the crop fields and the materials used. Select the b. Helps in the growth of human body and also sends
most correct one(s). signals to other organs to secrete hormones.
I. Addition of chemical fertilizers in Y has resulted c. Controls secondary sexual characters and maintains
in sudden increase in yield due to increased release pregnancy.
of N, P, K nutrients, but it gradually declined as d. Controls rate at which food is oxidised by the cells
continuous use of chemicals killed useful microbes to produce energy.
that replenish the soil fertility. e. Increases blood pressure and heart rate, when the
II. The difference in the two graphs indicates that the body experiences stress.
crop fields X and Y are treated with fertilizer and a b c d e
manure respectively, as fertilizer is beneficial for
A. R P Q T S
long time and gives durable yield whereas manure
B. P R Q S T
gives immediate yield but later causes problems.
C. S P Q R T
III. The highest peak in crop field X is slightly delayed
because manure enriches soil fertility gradually. D. R P Q S T
17th NSO - SET A 8
Direction (Q.No. 48 and 49): Refer to the given passage 50. Sakshi performed two experiments as shown in figure
and answer the following questions: 1 and 2, and recorded her observations in the table.
Ram jogs from one end X to the other end Y of a straight
300 m road in 2 minutes 30 seconds, and then turns around
and jogs 100 m back to point Z in another 1 minute.
X Y
Z
300 m
100 m Does paper pan Is ignition
Observation
burn? temperature of
48. What is Ram’s average speed and average velocity
paper reached?
while jogging from X to Y respectively? Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 1 Figure 2
A. 1.0 m s–1 , 1.0 m s–1 I Yes Yes No Yes
B. 3.0 m s–1, 2.0 m s–1 II Yes No Yes No
C. 2.0 m s–1, 2.0 m s–1 III No Yes Yes Yes
D. 4.0 m s–1, 1.0 m s–1 Find out the correct observation and the reason behind
it from the options given below.
49. What is Ram’s average speed and average velocity A. I, paper has a higher ignition temperature than
while jogging from X to Z respectively ? water.
A. 2.0 m s–1, 1.9 m s–1 B. II, fireproof paper pan is used in figure 2.
C. III, paper is non-inflammable.
B. 5.1 m s–1, 9.1 m s–1
D. II, heat supplied to the paper pan is transferred to
C. 1.0 m s–1, 1.0 m s–1
water by conduction, so ignition temperature of
D. 1.9 m s–1, 0.9 m s–1 paper is not reached in figure 2.

SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK


Class 8

Set B

Year 2014
17th NSO - SET B 2

Logical reasoning

1. Select a figure from the options in which Fig. (X) is 5. If in a code REQUEST is written as S2R52TU, then
exactly embedded as one of its part. how will ACID be written in that code?
A. BDJE
B. 1394
C. B3J4
D. 1D3E

A. B. 6. 8 is related to 81 in the same way as 64 is related


to ________.
A. 125
C. D. B. 137
C. 525
D. 625
2. Three positions of a dice are shown below. What is
7. Select a figure from the options which will continue
the number opposite to the number 1 ?
the given series.
6 1 5 11 1
4 4 4 11 1 1
3 5 6
3 ?
8
8 4
A. 2 6 6
B. 3
A. B.
C. 5 4
5
6 6
D. 6

3. Vijay walks 10 kilometres towards North. From there, C. D.


4
he walks 6 kilometres towards South. Then, he walks 7
3 kilometres towards East. How far and in which
8. Study the series carefully and answer the question
direction is he now with reference to his starting
that follows.
point?
∂ = b F 2 * K S 7 5 # $ PLV 8 @ M 6 ↑ Q G
A. 5 kilometres West © 9 3 &TY£
B. 5 kilometres North-East What will come in place of question mark?
C. 7 kilometres East If '= → 2', 'K → #' and 'P → M', then '↑ → ?'.
D. 7 kilometres West A. 3
B. T
4. Find the mirror image of the Fig. (X), if the mirror
C. 9
is placed vertically to the left.
D. &

9. In first row, a series is given which follows a specific


pattern. The second row has a series, similar to the
Fig. (X) first series but only first element of this series is
given. Identify the pattern and answer the question
that follows.
A. B.
6 18 36 108 216 648
2 a b c d e
C. D. What will come in place of e ?
17th NSO - SET B 3
A. 482 13. Select a pair of figures which satisfies the same
B. 344 conditions of placement of dots.
C. 216
D. 420

10. In the given Venn diagram, find the region representing


P Q R S T
persons who are educated and employed but not
confirmed in job. A. PR
Educated Employed B. QS
C. PS
b
D. QT
c
a d e Confirmed
in job 14. Which of the following options will exactly make
up the key Fig. (X) ?

A. d
B. e
C. b
D. a, b Fig. (X)

11. Which of the following figures will complete the


A. B.
figure matrix ?

A.
C. D.

B.
15. A sheet of paper is folded in a particular manner and
a punch is made. Select a figure from the options
?
which will closely resemble the unfolded form of
C.
given sheet.

D.

12. A is the brother of B. C is married to D. If C is the


A. B.
nephew of B, how is A related to D?
A. Father-in-law
B. Mother-in-law
C. D.
C. Son-in-law
D. Daughter-in-law

Science

16. The pressure of the water near the bottom of the 17. When the tension in the string of a guitar is increased,
wall forming a dam does not depend on ______. but other factors remain unchanged, the sound
A. The depth of the water produced ________.
B. The cross-sectional area of the reservoir A. Is louder
C. Density of water B. Has higher pitch
D. Atmospheric pressure C. Has longer wavelength
D. Travels faster
17th NSO - SET B 4
18. A windmill is pushed 22. When electrodes are immersed in water and electricity
by four external forces is passed, then the bubbles formed on the negative
as shown in the given terminal is
figure. The force F A. Oxygen
required to make the B. Hydrogen
windmill stand still is C. Carbon dioxide
A. 10 N D. Nitrogen
B. 13 N
23. Arrange the following planets in increasing order of
C. 15 N
F time required to complete one rotation around Sun.
D. 18 N
(i) Earth (ii) Uranus
19. The given diagram (iii) Mars (iv) Jupiter
shows water being heated Thermometer A. (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
in a tin can. A thermometer B. (i), (iii), (iv), (ii)
hangs directly above it. C. (iv), (iii), (ii), (i)
In which way, does the Tin can D. (ii), (iii), (i), (iv)
Water
thermal energy from the
heat source reach the 24. Two persons P and Q are standing at a distance of
thermometer? 100 m from a high wall as shown in the given figure.
When P gives a clap, the time interval between the
A. Radiation → Conduction → Radiation
two (direct and reflected) sounds heard by Q is 0.2 s.
B. Radiation → Conduction → Convection
If the speed of sound is 340 m s–1, then the distance
C. Radiation + Convection → Conduction →
Radiation d between P and Q is
D. Radiation + Convection → Conduction →
A. 160 m Wall
Radiation + Convection
B. 260 m
20. A person X is facing a plane mirror which is 100 m
fixed. While another person Y is running C. 290 m
d
towards person X from behind at a speed of D. 320 m P Q
2 m s–1 as shown in the given figure. How fast does
person Y seem to be running towards person X in 25. The speed-time graphs for three vehicles X, Y and Z
the mirror ? are shown.
Speed (m s–1)
Mirror If x, y and z are the
A. 2 m s–1
distances travelled by 10
B. 3 m s–1 X
2 m s–1 X, Y and Z respectively
5 Z
C. 4ms –1 X Y in 8 s, then which of the
following comparisons Y
D. 6 m s–1 0
8
Time (s)
is correct ?
21. A positively charged oil drop is suspended in the air A. x > y = z
by two charged plates as shown in the given figure. B. x > y > z
What will happen to the oil drop if the positive charge C. x = y < z
in it decreases? D. x < y < z
–––––––––– 26. Which of the following objects experience balanced
+
forces?
++++++++++
A. A ball dropping vertically.
A. The oil drop will move randomly. B. A car accelerating uniformly from rest.
B. The oil drop will move upwards. C. A trolley moving at a constant velocity down an
C. The oil drop will move downwards. inclined plane.
D. The oil drop will remain stationary. D. A plane flying in a circle with constant speed.
17th NSO - SET B 5
27. Spoons of different materials are used to stir a hot 31. Read the given statements carefully.
drink. Which of the following spoons will heat up P : I am the most common fire extinguisher but
the fastest? not suitable for oil, petrol and electrical fires. I am
A. Plastic spoon heavier than oil and also, conduct electricity.
B. Steel spoon Q : I am an excellent fire extinguisher and most
C. Glass spoon suitable for oil, petrol and electrical fires. I also,
D. Wooden spoon form a blanket around the fire and bring down the
temperature of the fuel.
28. When we remove polyester or woolen cloth in dark, Identify P and Q.
we can see spark and hear a cracking sound. These P Q
are due to ________. A. CO2 H2 O
A. Static electricity B. H2O CO
B. Current electricity C. O2 CO2
C. Movement of charges D. H2O CO2
D. None of these 32. Renuka, a science teacher performed the following
29. Observe the given experimental set-up and identify activity to prove that air is necessary for combustion.
the gas ‘X’ and its characteristics.

I II III
She asked the students to observe the flame of lighted
candles placed under the glass chimneys carefully.
What were the correct observations.
I. It is carbon dioxide. I II III
II. It is sulphur dioxide. A. Flame finally Flame flickered Candle burnt
III. It does not support combustion. went off and produced freely
IV. It is acidic in nature. smoke
A. II and IV B. Candle burnt Flame finally Flame flickered
B. I, III and IV freely went off and produced
C. I and III smoke
D. II, III and IV C. Candle burnt Flame flickered Flame finally
freely and produced went off
30. Namita categorised the different elements as shown smoke
below : D. Flame finally Candle burnt Flame flickered
went off freely and produced
Characteristic Na Al S Fe Cu P smoke
a. Metal ü ü  ü ü 
33. Fill in the blanks.
b. Hardness ü   ü ü  Raghav used excessive chemical fertilisers during
c. Malleability  ü   ü ü farming which makes the soil (i) . He added
(ii) to increase the production of crops.
d. Ductility   ü ü ü 
Rahul used excessive substances to neutralise the
e. Conductor of ü ü  ü ü 
factory wastes near his field. As a result, the soil
electricity
of his field became too (iii) which he treated
Which of the characteristics is not correctly matched with (iv) .
by Namita? (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
A. a, c and e A. Acidic Organic matter Basic Slaked lime
B. a, b, d and e B. Basic Organic matter Acidic Slaked lime
C. b, c and d C. Acidic Slaked lime Basic Organic matter
D. All are correct D. Basic Slaked lime Acidic Organic matter
17th NSO - SET B 6
34. Identify Y and Z in the given Venn diagram. 38. Body temperature of some animals changes with that
of atmosphere while some animals have adapted to
Turns
China rose maintain constant body temperatures.
indicator green A d v i k a investigated
Z
Y this fact using three

Body temperature
X
Bitter animals X, Y and Y
Found in
spinach in taste Z and obtained the
Z given graph. Which of
these options correctly
Phenolphthalein
remains identifies X, Y and Night Day
Temperature
colourless Z?
Y Z X Y Z
A. Oxalic acid Milk of magnesia A. Frog Lizard Rabbit
B. Soap Tartaric acid B. Lizard Cobra Rabbit
C. Window cleaner Ascorbic acid C. Salamander Crow Cow
D. Milk of magnesia Oxalic acid D. Crow Bear Frog

35. Match the Column-I with Column-II and select the 39. Run-off pollution of a particular river resulted from
correct option given below. overuse of chemical fertilizers by a nearby farm.
Which of the following graphs correctly shows the
Column-I Column-II
a. Coal tar (i) Metalling the roads resulting changes in levels of oxygen and bacteria
b. Petrol (ii) Manufacture of steel in this river?
c. Coal gas (iii) Source of heat
d. Bitumen (iv) Vaseline
e. Coke (v) Naphthalene balls A. B.
f. Paraffin wax (vi) Dry cleaning
A. a-(v), b-(vi), c-(iii), d-(i), e-(ii), f-(iv)
B. a-(i), b-(iv), c-(iii), d-(ii), e-(v), f-(vi)
C. a-(iii), b-(v), c-(i), d-(iv), e-(ii), f-(vi)
D. a-(iv), b-(i), c-(vi), d-(iii), e-(v), f-(ii) C. D.
36. Which of the following statements about the
characteristics of organelles are correct?
(i) Mitochondria contain their own DNA. 40. The given figure represents the
(ii) Lysosomes contain many anabolic enzymes.
location of various endocrine
(iii) Secretory liver cells have abundant number of P
glands in human body.
RER.
(iv) Ribosomes are always found attached to the Golgi Identify the glands marked as R
apparatus. P, Q, R, S and T and select the Q

A. (i) and (iii) B. (i) and (ii) incorrect statement regarding S T


C. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) D. (i), (ii) and (iv) these.
A. Gland P secretes the hormone thyroxine, which
37. Digestion of food involves breaking down of food regulates growth and metabolism.
components into smaller molecules by enzymes. These
enzymes are active only at certain hydrogen ion B. Gland Q secretes the hormones corticosteroids and
concentrations. As a result, certain food combinations adrenaline, which regulate breathing, heart rate,
can facilitate or retard the process of digestion. Of carbohydrate metabolism and mineral balance.
the following combinations, one that can result in C. Glands S and T secrete the hormones which control
very efficient digestion is ______. secondary sexual characters in females and males
A. Meal with high proteins and acid fruits respectively.
B. Meal with high starch and high proteins D. Gland R secretes the hormone insulin, whose
C. Meal with high starch and acid fruits increased concentration leads to diabetes.
D. Meal with high fat and high proteins
17th NSO - SET B 7
41. Read the given statements and select the correct 44. Tarun sets up a plant as shown in the figure.
option. After a few days, he observed upward growth in the
Statement 1 : H otspots are specific regions of roots of the plant.
megabiodiversity nations with large
number of endemic species.
Statement 2 : Endemic species are often threatened
due to the introduction of exotic species Soil X After Soil X
from some other geographical area. few days

A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2 Soil Y Soil Y


is the correct explanation of statement 1. Day 1 Day 7
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 Based on his observations what can you conclude?
is not the correct explanation of statement 1. A. Soil X is clayey while soil Y is loamy.
C. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false. B. Soil X is sandy while soil Y is clayey.
D. Statement 2 is true and statement 1 is false.
C. Soil X is loamy while soil Y is sandy.
42. Select the incorrect statement from the following. D. It is not possible to tell.
A. Synthetic fibres have little or no absorbency, 45. Read the given passage in which some words are
although several of them do absorb oil. italicised.
B. Wool fibre is harmed by acids including mild acids Agriculture has become more efficient with the advent
like vinegar. of modern technology. Modern tractor driven ploughs
C. Cellulose fibres continue to glow after they are are faster and better. Seed drills used today combine
removed from the flame. 5-6 traditional seed drills. Thus, they are faster and
D. Cotton fibres, linen and other cellulose fibres are ensure sowing seeds at proper depth of 20-25 cm.
quiet heat resistant and can be boiled safely. Modern irrigation methods have also been developed
which reduce water wastage. Drip irrigation is less
43. Refer to the given diagram
Part X expensive method particularly useful for soils with
which shows a cross section
of the stem and select the Part Y low water retention capacity. Sprinklers are more
correct option. suited for uneven lands and sandy soils.
Some of these italicised words are put incorrectly.
A. If we put a plant in red water for sometime, the
Find out them and select the correct option.
colour would then appear in the part X.
B. On girdling, swelling occurs above the girdled A. Less expensive should not be replaced as it is
part due to the discontinuity of part Y. correctly mentioned.
C. Conduction of water and organic solutes occurs B. 20-25 cm should be replaced by 10-15 cm.
through part Y. C. Low should be replaced by high.
D. Conduction of products of photosynthesis occurs D. Uneven lands should be replaced by plain lands.
through part X.

Achievers Section

Direction : (Q. No. 46 and 47) Refer the given passage 46. The range of the scale of the metre ruler that can
and answer the following questions. be seen is
A metre ruler is held 0 A. 10 cm to 40 cm B. 15 cm to 45 cm
vertically in front of a C. 20 cm to 50 cm D. None of these
10 cm
plane mirror of length
47. If the hole is at 80 cm mark of the scale, then the
15 cm as shown in the
5 cm range of the metre ruler that can be seen in the
given figure. A student
mirror is
peeps through a hole at
the 40 cm mark. A. 10 cm to 40 cm B. 20 cm to 50 cm
100 cm C. 30 cm to 60 cm D. None of these
17th NSO - SET B 8
48. Anuj has performed an D. The environmental factor studied in the graph P
experiment to compare the Hook can be sugar concentration in medium and in graph
strength of different fibres. Q can be pH.
Threads of same
He arranged the set-up as length and thickness 50. Refer the given key to identify the organisms P, Q,
shown in figure : were taken R, S, T and U and select the correct option.
Arrange the threads in Weights were put 1. (i) Somatic cells carry out propagation - Go to 2.
order of their increasing one by one till the
(ii) Germ cells carry out propagation - Go to 3.
strength. thread broke
2. (i) Single cell division forms new organism
A. Nylon < Silk < Cotton
B. Silk < Cotton < Nylon - P
C. Cotton < Nylon < Silk (ii) Multiple cell divisions occur - Go to 4.
D. Cotton < Silk < Nylon 3. (i) Fertilization occurs outside parent's body
49. Swati was studying growth of yeast under different - Q
conditions of environment. She plotted two graphs (ii) Fertilization occurs inside parent's body - Go
but forgot to label the X axes of the graphs. Analyse to 5.
the given graphs and select the correct option. 4. (i) Each cell produced after division produces
Y Y
new organism - R
No. of yeast cells

No. of yeast cells

(ii) All the cells together form a new organism


- S
5. (i) Embryonic development occurs outside parent's
X X
body - T
P Q
(ii) Embryonic development occurs inside parent's
A. The environmental factor studied in graph P can
body - U
be pH and in graph Q can be temperature.
B. The environmental factor studied in graph P A. P can be yeast, Q can be chamaeleon.
can be temperature and in graph Q can be sugar B. R can be Plasmodium, S can be Hydra.
concentration in medium. C. T can be duck-billed platypus, U can be ostrich.
C. The environmental factor studied in graph P can D. P can be yeast, U can be spiny ant eater.
be temperature and in graph Q can be pH.

SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK


Class 8

Set 1

Year 2015
logical reasoning

1. How many such symbols are there in the given 6. Find the missing number, if a certain rule is followed
arrangement each of which is immediately preceded row-wise or column-wise in the given matrix.
by a number and immediately followed by a letter? 3 ? 5
A. 4
58#BFL?4*M79GH2M3+84?$PQ 5 4 7
6R7*HT B. 6
4 4 6
C. 9
A. 2 B. 3 36 32 114
C. 4 D. 5 D. 8

2. Three different positions of a dice are shown here. 7. Select the correct water image of the given Fig. (X).
Which symbol will be on the face opposite to the
face with symbol * ? ×
A. Δ A J
B. Δ – * + + Fig. (X)
* ©
C. © J A J
A
D. +
A. × B. ×
3. Read the following information carefully.
(i) A # B means B is at 1 metre to the right of A. A J
A J
(ii) A $ B means B is at 1 metre to the North of A. C. × D.

+
(iii) A * B means B is at 1 metre to the left of A.
If M is facing towards North, according to
M # N $ O * P, in which direction is P with respect 8. There is a certain relationship between figures (i) and
to M? (ii). Establish the similar relationship between figures
A. East B. West (iii) and (iv) by selecting a suitable figure from the
C. North D. South options which will replace the (?) in figure (iv).

4. Which of the following Venn diagrams best depicts U S T


the relationship amongst "Teachers, Men, Players"? ?
S P P S
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
A. B.
S S
A. B.
G

C. D. S S
C. D.

5. In which of the following options, Fig. (X) is exactly


9. Select a figure from the options which will continue the
embedded as one of its part?
same series as established by the Problem Figures.
Problem Figures
+ =
Fig. (X) + + ?
= = +
= + =

A. B. + +
A. B. =
=

C. D. +
C. = D. = +

2 | 18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-1 | Level 1


10. If P + Q means 'P is the brother of Q', P × Q means A. A÷B×C+D
'P is the wife of Q' and P ÷ Q means 'P is the daughter B. A×B+C÷D
of Q', then which of the following means 'A is the C. A+C÷B×D
niece of D'? D. A÷C+B÷D

Science

11. The speed of sound in different media is different.


P Q R S
Which of the following options is correct regarding
the speed of sound in different media? A. Big Little Pole star Cassiopeia
dipper dipper
A. Oxygen < Mud < Water
B. Ice < Stone < Alcohol B. Little Big Cassiopeia Pole star
C. Fruit juice < Iron < Air dipper dipper
D. Steam < Kerosene < Mercury C. Cassiopeia Pole star Big dipper Small
dipper
12. A cube of side a rests on the floor as shown in the
D. Little Big Pole star Cassiopeia
given figure. Given that the pressure exerted by this
dipper dipper
cube on the floor is P, what is the pressure exerted
by another cube of the same material of side 4a ?
–1
(Take g = 10 N kg ) 16. The diagram shows a soft iron core coiled with
A. P wire.
B. 2P Soft iron core
C. 4P S
D. 16P a 4a
Coil
13. The given diagram shows a brick wall in between a
man and a camp fire. How does thermal energy from
the camp fire reach the man? Nail

When the switch is turned on, iron nails are attracted.


Which of the following ways will make the soft iron
core to attract all the iron nails?
A. Decrease the number of cells
A. Radiation → Convection → Conduction B. Increase the number of turns in coil
B. Conduction → Conduction → Convection C. Place the soft iron core outside the coil
C. Radiation → Conduction → Convection D. None of these
D. Radiation → Conduction → Radiation
17. A car is accelerating on a road in the direction shown
14. United Football Club is playing an evening match. in the figure. The tyre shown is connected to the
The team’s jersey has blue and white stripes. What engine. In which direction is the force of friction
colour would the stripes appear under floodlights
exerted by the road on the tyre?
which produce a yellow light?
A. Black and yellow B. Blue and white Tyre
C. Blue and yellow D. Black and white Direction of motion
P
15. The given diagram shows the night sky in which stars Q
S
are visible. Identify P, Q, R and S. Road
P
R
A. P
R B. Q
C. R
Q S D. S

18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-1 | Level 1 | 3


18. Read the given statements and select the correct B. Covering the wire with plastic insulation.
option. C. Using a shorter wire of the same material and
Statement 1 : The size of a hydrogen balloon increases same thickness.
as it rises in air. D. Using a thicker wire of the same material and
Statement 2 : The material from which the balloon same length.
is made can be easily stretched.
23. Metals are good conductors because
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2
A. Outer electrons are strongly bound to the atom
is the correct explanation of statement 1.
B. Outer electrons are loosely bound to the atom
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2
C. Inner electrons are loosely bound to the atom
is not the correct explanation of statement 1.
D. Protons can detach from the nucleus and conduct
C. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false.
electricity.
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
24. Figure gives the speed-time graph of the motion of a
19. Anju walks 8 m to the east, then 6 m to the south,
car. What is the ratio of the distance travelled by the
then 8 m to the west and finally 6 m to the north.
car during the last two seconds to the total distance
What is the distance covered and displacement of
travelled in seven seconds?
Anju?
A. 1:9
Distance travelled Displacement
A. 0 m 0m B. 2 : 9
B. 0 m 28 m
C. 28 m 0m C. 1:3
D. 28 m 28 m
D. 4:9
20. Deepak put twenty ice cubes of the same volume into
four containers packed with different materials. He 25. Match the column I with column II and select the
recorded the time taken for the ice to melt in each correct option from the given codes.
case. The table shows his results. Which of the boxes Column I Column II
should he choose to carry ice that he needs to take (a) Jupiter (i) Seven rings
to a friend’s house 120 km away?
(b) Saturn (ii) Red planet
A. Container with Melting time : 3 h 10 min (c) Mars (iii) Morning star
thermocol (d) Neptune (iv) Great red spot
B. Container with ice Melting time : 2 h 05 min (e) Venus (v) Fourteen moons
paper
A. (a) – (iv), (b) – (i), (c) – (v), (d) – (iii), (e) – (ii)
C. Container with Melting time : 30 min B. (a) – (i), (b) – (ii), (c) – (iii), (d) – (iv), (e) – (v)
sand
C. (a) – (v), (b) – (iv), (c) – (iii), (d) – (ii), (e) – (i)
D. Container with Melting time : 1 h 15 min
D. (a) – (iv), (b) – (i), (c) – (ii), (d) – (v), (e) – (iii)
sawdust
26. Each beaker shown in the given options, contains two
21. A positively charged object attracts a suspended light same sized strips of different metals fastened together
conducting ball. The light conducting ball can be and immersed in hydrochloric acid. After 5 minutes,
which beaker will contain the least amount of zinc
(i) negatively charged ions?
(ii) positively charged
(iii) neutral
A. (i) only B. (ii) only
A. B.
C. (ii) and (iii) only D. (i) and (iii) only
Magnesium Zinc Lead Zinc
22. The terminals of a battery are joined by a length
of resistance wire. Which change, on its own will
decrease the current through the battery?
C. D.
A. Connecting an identical wire in series with the
first one. Iron Zinc Silver Zinc

4 | 18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-1 | Level 1


27. Three unknown solutions are taken in test tubes. 31. Plants do not grow well when the soil is either too
Different indicators are added to these solutions to acidic or too basic. What should be added to the soil
test their nature. if it is too acidic?
A. Lemon juice B. Vinegar
Phenolphthalein Methyl
orange
China rose
indicator
C. Quick lime D. Organic matter
Solution ‘X’ Solution ‘Y’ Solution ‘Z’ 32. Fill in the blanks by choosing an appropriate
(1) (2) (3)
option.
(Turns pink) (Turns red) (No colour change) I are used in the manufacture of detergents, fibres,
Identify the substances X, Y and Z. polythene and other man-made plastics. II obtained
X Y Z from natural gas, is used in the production of fertilisers
A. Soap solution Lime water Grape juice (urea). Petroleum is also called ____
III__ due to its great
commercial importance.
B. Milk of Lemon juice Slaked lime
I II III
magnesia
A. Fossil fuels Petroleum gas Black gold
C. Salt solution Tamarind juice Calamine
solution B. Petrochemicals Coal gas Diesel
D. Antacid Sour milk Glucose solution C. Petrochemicals Hydrogen gas Black gold
D. Coal products CNG Paraffin wax
28. Read the given statements about synthetic fibres and
plastics carefully. 33. Mrs. Usha, a science teacher performed the following
experiments :
I. Polycot is a mixture of two types of fibres, polyester
and cotton. Experiment 1 : She heated sugar in a China dish. A black
II. Calendar, woollen clothes and cold drink cans are substance was obtained along with caramel fumes.
all non-biodegradable. Experiment 2 : She mixed sand and crushed naphthalene
III. Uniforms of firemen have coating of nylon to balls in a China dish. Then she covered the China dish
make them flame resistant. with a watch glass with some ice kept on it and heated.
Crystals of pure naphthalene were seen on the underside
IV. Polythene and PVC are the examples of
of the watch glass.
thermosetting plastics.
Identify the changes taking place in these experiments.
Which of these statements is/are incorrect?
A. Experiment 1 - Chemical change, Crystallisation
A. II and IV B. I and III
Experiment 2 - Physical change, Decomposition
C. Only II D. II, III and IV
B. Experiment 1 - Physical change, Crystallisation
29. Match the column I with column II and select the Experiment 2 - Chemical change, Sublimation
correct option from the given codes. C. Experiment 1 - Physical change, Crystallisation
Column I Column II Experiment 2 - Physical change, Crystallisation
P. Dark zone of flame (i) Rapid combustion D. Experiment 1 - Chemical change, Decomposition
Q. Source of heat and (ii) Incomplete Experiment 2 - Physical change, Sublimation and
light in sun combustion Crystallisation
R. Burning of LPG gas (iii) Spontaneous
34. Read the following statements and select the option
combustion
which correctly fills any three blanks.
S. Luminous zone (iv) Nuclear reactions
T. Burning of (v) No combustion (i) In (a) irrigation emitters let out trickling water
phosphorus in air at near the roots.
room temperature (ii) Removing the chaff from the grain is called
(b) , while separation of the grain from the
P Q R S T
crop is called (c) .
A. (v) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
(iii) The organic substance obtained from dead plants
B. (ii) (iv) (i) (v) (iii)
and animal wastes is (d) .
C. (v) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
D. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (i) (iv) Wheat and gram are rabi crops, while maize and
(e) are kharif crops.
30. Solution of which of the following oxides in water A. (b) – Winnowing, (d) – Manure, (e) – Oats
will change the colour of red litmus to blue? B. (b) – Winnowing, (c) – Threshing, (e) – Cotton
A. Carbon dioxide B. Copper oxide C. (a) – Drip, (d) – Fertilizer, (e) – Mustard
C. Phosphorus trioxide D. Sulphur dioxide D. (a) – Sprinkler, (b) – Threshing, (c) – Winnowing

18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-1 | Level 1 | 5


35. Refer to the given diagram of nitrogen cycle. (ii) Plant cell has cell wall made up of cellulose which
Ammonia is very strong material and prevents the cell from
bursting.
T
(iii) The plant cell contains vacuole and therefore can
Death
P absorb more water.
N2 cycle
Bacterial (iv) The animal cell does not possess vacuole.
S oxidation
Q Which of the above given conclusions are correct?
R A. (i) and (ii) B. (iii) and (iv)
Match the letter from the above diagram with the C. (i), (ii) and (iii) D. All of these
processes/substances given below and select the
correct option. 39. Select the incorrect statement regarding the given
(a) Animal protein (b) Nitrate ion figure.
(c) Plant protein (d) Nitrite ion
(e) Dead organic matter S
P Q R S T
A. (b) (d) (c) (a) (e)
B. (b) (d) (a) (c) (e)
R
C. (d) (b) (a) (c) (e) Q
D. (d) (b) (c) (a) (e) P
T
36. Red Data Book keeps the record of _______.
A. The part labelled P produces both male gametes
A. Endangered animals and plants
and androgen.
B. Endemic animals and plants
C. Extinct animals and plants B. The sperms collect and mature in Q.
D. Both A and C C. The parts R and S have no role in reproduction.
D. The part T is located outside the abdominal cavity
37. Study the given flow chart. and protects P and Q inside it.
Biosphere Reserve
Parts 40. Study the given Venn diagram. X is likely to be
_______.
X Y Z Noise
Pollution
Strongly Provides Provides space
protected space for for forestry,
for the X
environmental agriculture Water
conservation research and Pollution
of biological and tourism Land Pollution
diversity education Air Pollution
A. A group of people smoking cigarettes
Which of the following is suitable heading for
X, Y and Z? B. Youngsters dancing in a disco
X Y Z C. A farmer spraying pesticides near a river
A. Core zone Manipulation Buffer zone D. Construction work going on at a building site
zone
B. Buffer zone Core zone Manipulation 41. Which of the following organisms has been incorrectly
zone described?
C. Manipulation Buffer zone Core zone Organism Adaptation Habitat
zone A. Fennec Has large ears to increase Desert
D. Core zone Buffer zone Manipulation fox exposed area to lose heat
zone quickly
38. Natasha put a plant cell and an animal cell of similar B. Morning Has twining stems to climb Forest
size in two similar dishes containing the same amount glory up around a support
of water overnight. The next day, she observed the C. Owl Has talons to grip prey Forest
cells under the microscope and noticed that the animal tightly
cell has burst and the plant cell looked more bloated. D. Walrus Has blowholes on the top of Ocean
She drew the following conclusions: the body to allow breathing
(i) The animal cell has only a thin layer of cell of atmospheric air while
membrane. When too much water enters it, it the rest of the body is
bursts. under water

6 | 18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-1 | Level 1


42. Study the given flow chart. 44. Unscramble the given words and select the option
Food enters Food is Food moves that gives name of the process of washing wool with
mouth chewed down the gullet soap water to remove dirt and greese.
A. NSERHAIG
Complete digestion of Substance P kills bacteria
food and absorption of present in food and helps B. DCNRIAG
Q occurs in digestion C. GTRNSOI
D. GURSOCNI
Movement of waste
for storage in rectum 45. Refer to the given figure showing cross-section of a
and extraction of
substance R
flower and select the correct option to fill the blanks
in the following paragraph.
What are P, Q and R respectively?
P Q R P
A. Saliva Nutrients Hydrochloric S
acid
B. Saliva Water Waste T
Q R
C. Hydrochloric acid Nutrients Water
D. Bile Water Waste

43. Transpiration is the loss of water from the surface of


a plant. Which of the following statements describes Fertilization takes place when pollen grains from the
why this process is useful for plants? male part, (i) reach the part of the flower labelled
A. It cools down plants, preventing overheating on (ii) . The (iii) increases in size and becomes the
sunny days. fruit, while (iv) becomes the seeds.
B. It helps the plant to get rid of excess water, (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
protecting plant cells from bursting. A. P R Q R
C. It enables the mass flow of inorganic nutrients and B. T Q Q R
water up the plant body. C. S Q R Q
D. Both A and C D. S R Q R

Achievers section

Direction : Refer to the given passage and answer questions C. The image becomes smaller and it appears
46 and 47. inverted.
We can see an image not only on a plane surface, but also D. The image becomes smaller and it appears
on a curved one. For example we can see our image on a upright.
steel spoon. The image formed at the outer surface of a
spoon is upright and the image formed at the inner surface 48. Refer to the given figures of bacteria X, Y and Z and
read the statements (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) regarding
of the spoon is smaller and inverted.
them.
46. The outer surface of the spoon which is bulging out
acts like a ________ and inner side of spoon acts like
a ________.
A. Concave mirror, convex mirror X Y Z
B. Convex mirror, concave mirror (i) Bacterium X can be causal organism of typhoid.
C. Plane mirror, convex lens (ii) Bacterium Y can cause a disease which disrupts
D. Concave lens, concave mirror proper exchange of gases.
(iii) Bacterium Z can convert lactose sugar of milk into
47. If we move the spoon (inner surface) slowly away lactic acid.
from our face, how does the image change? (iv) Bacterium X can be the causal organism of
A. The image becomes bigger and it appears cholera.
upright. Which of these statements are incorrect?
B. The image becomes bigger and it appears A. (i) only B. (i) and (ii) only
inverted. C. (ii), (iii) and (iv) only D. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-1 | Level 1 | 7


49. A copper vessel exposed to moist air for a long time 1, 2, 3 and 4 are respectively
is shown in figure  I and sulphur powder is burnt in A. CuO, CO2, SO2, H2SO3
oxygen as shown in figure II. B. CuCO3, Cu(OH)2, H2SO3, SO2
C. Cu, CuO, H2S, H2SO4
D. Cu(OH)2, CuCO3, SO2, H2SO3

50. Diabetics who are on rapid-acting insulin are advised


not to wait more than 15 minutes to eat after taking
an insulin shot. Which of the following best explains
this?
A. Insulin is required for the proper absorption of
nutrients in the small intestine.
B. The insulin injection may prevent the body from
absorbing the glucose necessary to maintain blood
glucose concentrations.
C. The injection of insulin can lead to dangerously
low blood glucose concentration.
D. The insulin injection can lead to dangerously low
blood calcium concentration.

SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK

8 | 18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-1 | Level 1


Class 8

Set 2

Year 2015
logical reasoning

1. If it is possible to make a meaningful word with the 8 7


st th th st 10
1 , 12 , 15 and 21 letters of the given arrangement,
6 13
then which will be first letter of the word so formed? 12
If no such word can be formed, give X as the answer 4
and if more than one such word can be formed, give 9 14
11
P as the answer.
5
ESGBDLUNKHWACZTVXFIJMO
QYPR Which of the following represents a man who is urban
as well as government employee but not educated ?
A. M B. T
C. X D. P A. 7 B. 13
C. 10 D. 6
2. Two positions of a dice are shown below. How
many dots will be on the top when 2 dots are at the 7. Select the correct mirror image of the given
bottom? combination of letters & numbers, if the mirror is
A. 6 placed vertically to the left.
B. 5 L5OGI32CAL
A. B. LAC23IGO5L
L5OGI32CAL
C. 1
L5OGI32CAL
D. 4 C. D.

3. Which of the following figures will continue the series 8. Persons X, Y, Z and Q live in red, green, yellow or
as established by the Problem Figures? blue coloured houses placed in sequence on a street. Z
Problem Figures lives in a yellow house. The green house is adjacent
to the blue house. X does not live adjacent to Z. The
? yellow house is in between the green and red houses.
The colour of the house X lives in is ______.
A. Blue B. Green
A. B. C. Red D. Data inadequate

9. In which of the following figures, Fig. (X)


is exactly embedded as one of its part?
C. D. Fig. (X)
A. B.
4. If '+' is called '×', '–' is called '÷', '×' is called '–' and
'÷' is called '+', then the value of
C. D.
16 ÷ 64 – 8 × 4 + 2 is _____.
A. 12 B. 16
C. 18 D. 24 10. There is a certain relationship between fig. (i)
5. Study the following information carefully: and (ii). Establish the similar relationship between
fig. (iii) and (iv) by selecting a suitable figure from
(i) B5D means B is the father of D.
the options that will replace the (?) in fig. (iv).
(ii) B9D means B is the sister of D.
(iii) B4D means B is the brother of D.
?
(iv) B3D means B is the wife of D.
Which of the following means F is the mother of
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
K?
A. F3M5K B. F5M3K
A. B.
C. F9M4N3K D. F3M5N3K

6. In the given diagram, rectangle represents men,


triangle represents educated, circle represents urban C. D.
and square represents government employees.

2 | 18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-2 | Level 1


Science

11. Read the given statements and select the correct 15. Match the column I with column II and select the
option. correct option from the given codes.
Statement 1 : Sound travels faster on a rainy day Column I Column II
than on a dry day. (a) Limiting friction (i) Self adjusting force
Statement 2 : Moisture increases the pressure. (b) Static friction (ii) Less than sliding friction
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2 (c) Dynamic friction (iii) Maximum value of
is the correct explanation of statement 1. static friction
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 (d) Rolling friction (iv) Less than limiting friction
is not the correct explanation of statement 1. A. (a) – (ii), (b) – (i), (c) – (iv), (d) – (iii)
C. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false. B. (a) – (iii), (b) – (i), (c) – (ii), (d) – (iv)
C. (a) – (iv), (b) – (ii), (c) – (i), (d) – (iii)
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
D. (a) – (iii), (b) – (i), (c) – (iv), (d) – (ii)
12. A student has a large tank of water in which he wants –2
16. A floor has a maximum loading capacity of 5 kN m .
to set up a convection current. Which of the following
Which of the following is allowed on this floor?
actions will help him to do it?
(Take g = 10 N kg–1)
A. Cooling at Q Q R
A. An elephant weighing 50 kN stands on 4 legs with
B. Cooling at R Water each foot covering 400 cm2 of the floor.
C. Heating at P B. A 50 kg lady wears a pair of high heel shoes, each
D. All of these P 2
shoe has a contact area of 9 cm with the floor.
C. A 100 kg washing machine stands on a surface
13. A narrow beam of white light is passed through a 2
area of 6500 cm .
glass prism as shown in the figure.
D. A designer’s table weighing 1000 N stands on
Narrow beam 2
of
3 legs, each leg has a contact area of 0.1 cm
P
white light with the floor.
Q
Glass prism R Screen 17. The diagram shows the melting and boiling points of
four different substances. Which substance is in solid
state at 0°C and liquid state at 1400°C ?
Which of the following is the correct order of colours
Melting point Boiling point
Temperature(°C)
emerging from the prism?
P Q R 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800
A. Red Blue Green
1
B. Red Green Blue
2
C. Blue Green Red
3
D. Blue Red Green
4
14. The diagram shows a method to magnetise an iron A. 1 B. 2
nail. In which diagram will the iron nail become an C. 3 D. 4
induced magnet?
18. A vessel contains two plane mirrors at right angles
to each other as shown here. If the vessel is filled
with water, then the total deviation in the ray incident
A. B.
normally is
A. 0°
B. 45°

C. N S D. C. 90° 90°
Iron bar D. 180°

18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-2 | Level 1 | 3


19. Which of the following options is true regarding the 24. Which of the following statements are true?
number of moons of the given planets? (i) Beautiful patterns formed in a kaleidoscope is due
A. Mars < Earth < Uranus < Neptune < Jupiter to irregular reflections.
B. Earth < Mars < Jupiter < Uranus < Neptune (ii) Two plane mirrors when placed parallel to each
C. Earth < Mars < Neptune < Uranus < Jupiter other give infinite number of images.
D. Jupiter < Earth < Mars < Neptune < Uranus (iii) Real image is always inverted.
(iv) Virtual image can be taken on a screen.
20. An iron block of dimensions 5 cm × 10 cm × 15 cm
A. (i) and (ii) B. (ii) and (iii)
has to be pushed along the floor. The force required
C. (iii) and (iv) D. (i) and (iv)
will be minimum when the surface in contact with
ground is 25. The second's hand of a watch is 2 cm long. The speed
A. (10 cm × 15 cm) surface of the tip of second's hand is
B. (5 cm × 15 cm) surface A. 0.21 cm s
–1
B. 2.1 cm s–1
C. (10 cm × 5 cm) surface
C. 21 cm s–1 D. 0.021 cm s–1
D. Force is same for all surfaces.
26. Rohit has performed an activity to test whether the
21. The given diagram shows the night sky in which stars
following materials conduct electricity or not by
are visible. Identify the star X, and the constellation
putting them in the circuit, one at a time as shown
Y from the figure.
in the figure.
X Y
A. Orion Cassiopeia
B. Sirius Orion
C. Pole star Sirius X Y

D. Pole star Orion

22. For the velocity-time graph


Velocity (m s–1)

10
shown here, the distance 8
covered by the body in last 6
two seconds of its motion 4
is what fraction of the total 2
distance covered by it in Materials X and Y could be
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
six seconds? Time (s) X Y
1 1 A. 1, 3, 4, 6 2, 5
A. B.
2 4 B. 1, 5, 6 2, 3, 4
1 2 C. 1, 3, 6 2, 4, 5
C. D.
3 3 D. 2, 3, 4, 5 1, 6
23. Two identical neutral light conducting balls suspended 27. Fill in the blanks by choosing an appropriate
by insulating threads touch each other as shown. option.
Each cell in our body contains an acid, the (i) .
It controls every feature of the body such as our looks,
colour of our eyes, our height, etc. Proteins that build
part of our cells are also made of (ii) . The fats in
Which of the following shows the positions of balls
our body contain (iii) .
when a heavy positively charged sphere is placed
near them? (i), (ii) and (iii) respectively are
A. Amino acids, deoxyribonucleic acid, fatty acids
B. Deoxyribonucleic acid, fatty acids, amino acids
A. B.
C. Deoxyribonucleic acid, amino acids, fatty acids
D. Fatty acids, deoxyribonucleic acid, amino acids.

28. Find the incorrect match.


A. Haemoglobin – Magnesium
C. D.
B. Fertilisers – Nitrogen and phosphorus
C. Chlorophyll – Iron
D. Both A and C

4 | 18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-2 | Level 1


29. Read the given statements and select the correct 33. Water is not a suitable fire extinguisher to douse the
option. fires involving oil and petrol because
Statement 1 : Bakelite is used for making electrical A. Water may conduct electricity
switches and handles of various utensils. B. Water is heavier than oil
Statement 2 : Bakelite is a good conductor of heat and
C. Water cannot be stored at high pressure in
electricity. cylinders
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2 D. Water is lighter than oil.
is the correct explanation of statement 1.
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 34. X, Y and Z are three methods of weeding. X can be
is not the correct explanation of statement 1. done by ploughing, harrowing etc. Y involves the use
C. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false. of chemicals whereas Z employs biological agents to
control weeds.
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
Identify X, Y and Z and select the correct option
30. Select the incorrect statements among the following. regarding this.
(i) Bitumen is used for metalling the roads. A. In small fields, X method involves the use of trowel
(ii) Some inexhaustible natural resources like coal, or hoe which is time consuming and involves a
petroleum and natural gas formed from the dead lot of labour.
remains of living organisms are known as fossil B. Y method involves the use of poisonous chemicals
fuels. like metachlor which kill the weeds and may affect
the health of farmers and all the consumers.
(iii) Many useful substances are obtained from coal
C. Z method is a safer method to kill weeds as it
so, it is also called ‘Black gold’.
employs insects which feed on weeds thereby
(iv) Natural gas is used as a starting material for
checking their growth and has no side effects on
the manufacture of a number of chemicals and the crop plant and its consumers.
fertilisers. D. All of these
A. (i) and (ii) B. (ii) and (iii)
C. (ii) and (iv) D. (i), (ii) and (iv) 35. Which of the following statements is incorrect regarding
Biosphere Reserve?
31. Match the column I with column II and select the A. Biosphere Reserves are multipurpose protected
correct option from the given codes. areas meant for conserving genetic diversity,
Column I Column II ecosystems and landscapes without uprooting the
P. Zinc carbonate (i) turns methyl orange red local people.
Q. Citric acid (ii) treats acidic soil B. Each Biosphere Reserve supports education and
R. Slaked lime (iii) potassium hydroxide research in various ecological aspects of the
S. Soap (iv) remedy for ant's bite ecosystem.
P Q R S C. Ample human activities like cultivation, recreation,
A. (i) (iii) (iv) (ii) forestry etc., are allowed in the core zone of a
B. (ii) (iv) (iii) (i) Biosphere Reserve.
C. (iv) (i) (ii) (iii) D. A Biosphere Reserve may include other protected
areas such as National Parks.
D. (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)
36. The given picture shows a set-up at the start of an
32. Observe the given Venn diagram carefully.
experiment, X and after a few days, Y. The change
observed in set up Y is due to

Swollen
Stem tissue
1 – Extraction of metal from its oxide using electricity with phloem
removed
2 – Burning of a candle
3 – Sublimation of naphthalene balls
X and Y respectively are
X Y
A. Physical and chemical changes A. Upward movement of food getting blocked
B. Chemical and physical changes B. Downward movement of food getting blocked
C. Both chemical changes C. Upward movement of water getting blocked
D. Both physical changes. D. Downward movement of water getting blocked.

18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-2 | Level 1 | 5


37. Use the given dichotomous key and select the correct C. The scarlet king snake looks very much like the
option. poisonous coral snake.
I. (a) They are mostly single-celled organisms. - Go D. A treehopper on a leaf or twig resembles a thorn.
to II (a)
(b) They are classified on the basis of shape. - Go 41. Study the given flow chart and identify P, Q and R.
to II (b) and III (b)
II. (a) They live together in colonies of millions. - Go
to III(a) Pollutants
(b) The rod shaped are called P . which can be Yes
P
III. (a) They reside in our intestine and help in the decomposed by
process of digestion. - Q microbes
(b) The comma-shaped and spherical are
respectively called R and S . No
P Q R S
A. Spirillum Amoeba Coccus Vibrio
Can be Yes
B. Vibrio Streptococcus Spirillum Coccus recycled Q
C. Bacillus Plasmodium Coccus Vibrio
D. Bacillus E.coli Vibrio Coccus No
38. Refer to the given figure and select R
the incorrect statement(s).
P P Q R
(i) The part labelled P is found
A. Livestock Styrofoam DDT
in plant cell only. R wastes cup
(ii) The part labelled Q is cell
Q B. Garbage BHC Aluminium
wall, which provides rigidity
cans
to a plant cell.
C. Sewage DDT Styrofoam
(iii) The part labelled R is the
sludge cup
controlling centre.
D. Livestock BHC Grocery
(iv) The part labelled R gets its shape from part labelled
wastes
P.
A. (iv) only B. (i) and (iv) only 42. Rahul conducted an experiment as shown here.
C. (ii) and (iii) only D. (iii) only Sunlight

39. Refer to the given diagram with its parts labelled as Bubbles of gas
P, Q, R and S. Which of the following statements is
incorrect regarding this? Inverted test tube
Q
Beaker
Inverted funnel
P
R
Water containing
NaHCO3
S

A. In Q, the sperm and ovum fuse to form zygote. Support to keep


funnel off bottom
B. Development of foetus takes place in S. Hydrilla plant
C. R is the site of implantation of embryo. Which of the following statements is correct regarding
this?
D. One of the functions of P is to control secondary
sexual characters. A. Hydrilla plant cannot photosynthesise as CO2 is
not available to the plant.
40. Which of these is a behavioural adaptation? B. NaHCO3 present in the water absorbs all CO2
A. A hognose snake pretends as dead to trick the dissolved in it.
predator. C. Sunlight cannot reach the plant properly and hence
B. A frog’s light-coloured belly makes it harder for photosynthetic rate of the plant is affected.
a predatory fish to see it against sunlight on the D. The bubbles produced in the water within test-tube
water surface. are mainly of oxygen gas.

6 | 18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-2 | Level 1


43. Read the given paragraph. P Q R S T
The female silk moth lays hundreds of tiny eggs at a A. a, 3 b, 2 b, 1 b, 4 b, 3
time. The eggs are cooled to a suitable temperature B. b, 3 a, 1 a, 2 b, 3 b, 4
to hatch. The tiny silkworms or caterpillars are kept C. b, 4 a, 2 a, 1 a, 3 a, 4
in clean bamboo trays along with neem leaves. The
D. a, 2 b, 1 b, 3 b, 2 b, 4
caterpillars feed continuously and undergo moulting
nine times. Then they stop eating and are ready to 45. Rita set up an experiment as shown here.
enter pupal stage. They spin cocoon around themselves Soda lime
which takes around eight days. to absorb CO2
Test-tube Capillary tube
Some of the words have been italicised. Select the
correct option regarding them.
A. Cooled should not be replaced as it is correctly
mentioned. Germinating seeds Drop of uid
B. Neem should be replaced by pomegranate. What will happen to the drop of fluid in the capillary
C. Nine should be replaced by four. tube over the next few hours?
D. Eight should be replaced by twenty. A. It will move away from the test tube because of
44. Match column I with column II and column III and oxygen output by the seeds.
select the correct option from the given codes. B. It will move towards the test tube because of
Column I Column II Column III carbon dioxide intake by the seeds.
P. Salamander a. Asexual 1. Budding C. It will move towards the test tube because of
Q. Yeast reproduction 2. Fission oxygen intake by the seeds.
R. Paramecium b. Sexual 3. Ovipary D. It will not move, because carbon dioxide intake
S. Platypus reproduction 4. Vivipary and oxygen output are equal.
T. Flying fox

Achievers section

Direction: Refer to the given passage and answer the A. Sulphate, Copper
following questions 46 and 47. B. Copper, Sulphide
The given figure shows the electroplating of copper over C. Copper, Sulphate
a flower vase made of iron. It is done by the process of D. Sulphate, Sulphide
electrolysis.
Battery 48. Read the given statements each with one or two blanks
in it.
+
P. (i) allows water, minerals and some other
necessary substances to move across cell.
Y
Q. The liquid in the nucleus is called (ii) in
Copper
rod which are suspended thread-like structures called
X
Flower vase
(iii) .
Copper sulphate R. (iv) are called powerhouse of cell whereas
solution
(Z) (v) are called kitchens of cell.
46. Identify X, Y and Z from the figure. S. (vi) help to destroy old cell structures and
(vii) take part in protein synthesis.
X Y Z
Select the option which correctly fills some of the
A. Anode Cathode Electrolyte
blanks in these statements.
B. Cathode Anode Electrolyte
A. (i)-Cell wall, (ii)-Genes, (v)-Centrosome
C. Electrolyte Cathode Anode
B. (ii)-Nucleoplasm, (iv)-Mitochondria,
D. Cathode Electrolyte Anode
(vi)-Lysosomes
47. During electrolysis, positively charged _______ ions C. (iii)-Plastids, (vi)-Lysosomes, (vii)-Ribosomes
move towards flower vase and negatively charged D. (v)-Chloroplasts, (vi)-Centrosome,
_______ ions move towards copper rod. (vii)-Endoplasmic reticulum

18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-2 | Level 1 | 7


49. Each of the given beakers contains two metal strips 50. The given graph shows changes in levels of two
of same size fastened together and immersed in factors X and Y present in a river due to run-off
hydrochloric acid. pollution.

Levels
Y
X
Time
Run-off pollution
After 5 minutes, amount of Q ions formed is greater Which of the following statements is correct regarding
than P ions in beaker  1, S ions is greater than R ions this?
in beaker 2, R ions is greater than Q ions in beaker 3, A. X could be an aquatic plant population whereas Y
and T ions is greater than S ions in beaker 4. could be a fish population.
Correct order of reactivity of these metals is B. X could be dissolved oxygen in river whereas Y
A. P > Q > R > S > T could be a bacterial population.
B. R < P < T < S < Q C. X could be dissolved oxygen in river whereas Y
C. T > R > Q > P > S could be a fish population.
D. P < Q < R < S < T D. X could be a bacterial population whereas Y could
be an aquatic plant population.

SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK

8 | 18th NSO | Class-8 | Set-2 | Level 1


Class 8

Set A

Year 2016
logical reasoning

1. If each vowel in the word MOUNTAIN is replaced 5. In which of the following options, Fig. (X) is exactly
by the next letter in the English alphabet and each embedded as one of its part ?
consonant is replaced by the previous letter in the
English alphabet, then which of the following will be
the fourth letter to the left of seventh letter from the Fig. (X)
left end?
A. T B. V A. B.
C. N D. P
2. Select a figure from the options which will continue the
same series as established by the Problem Figures. C. D.
Problem Figures
6. Select the option in which specified components of the
Fig. (X) are found?

A. B.
Fig. (X)

C. D. A. B.

3. Study the following arrangement carefully and answer


the question given below. C. D.
BA5D%RI* F H 6 #V9 $ 3 E 7 G 1 ÷ 2 M K
X8UFWZN 7. Find the missing number, if a certain rule is followed
What should come in place of the (?) in the following row-wise or column-wise.
series based on the above arrangement ? A. 15 3 15 4
ADI F69 37÷ ? B. 18 7 38 5
A. 2KU B. MXU C. 19
C. MXF D. XUM D. 20 3 ? 5

4. Two rows of numbers are given. The resultant number 8. Which of the following options most closely resembles
in each row is to be worked out separately based on the the water image of given combination of letters and
following rules. The operations on numbers progress numbers?
from left to right. Rules :
A. B.
(i) If a two-digit odd number is followed by a prime
number, the first number is to be multiplied by the C. D.
prime number. 9. P, Q, R, S, T, V and W are sitting around a circle facing
(ii) If an even number is followed by another even the centre. R is third to the right of V, who is second to
number, the first number is to be divided by the the right of P. T is second to the left of Q, who is second
second number. to the left of W. V is sitting between S and W.
(iii) If an odd number is followed by a composite odd Who is sitting between T and V?
number, the first number is to be added to the A. W B. R
second number. C. S D. Can't be determined
(iv) If an even number which is a multiple of 5 is
followed by another number which is again a 10. Read the following information carefully.
multiple of 5, the second number is to be subtracted 'A«B' means 'A multiplied by B'.
from the first number. 'A@ B' means 'A minus B'.
(v) If a number which is a perfect square is followed 'A $ B' means 'A plus B'.
by another number which is also a perfect square, 'A # B' means 'A divided by B'.
then the square roots of the two numbers is to be Mohit donates 7% of his monthly salary R to charity
multiplied. and spends ` 3,000 per month on his house rent. What
is the amount left with him out of his monthly salary
64 25 25
after excluding house rent and charity amount?
88 8 n
If n is the resultant of the first row, what is the resultant A. R @ (3000 @ 7 « 100#R)
of the second row? B. R @ (7 « R # 100 @ 3000)
A. 24 B. 36 C. R @ (R « 7 # 100 $ 3000)
C. 28 D. 26 D. None of these

2 | 19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


Science

11. A simple pendulum, oscillating with time period T, is 17. The given figure shows a set-up
shown in the figure. Time taken by the bob to move for testing conduction of electricity
from A to C is t1 and from C to O is t2. Then in different liquids. Pick out the
group of liquids for which the
bulb will not glow.
Extreme
A. Milk, Lemon juice, Tap water, Honey
Extreme
Point A B Point B. Vinegar, Tap water, Kerosene, Lemon juice
C O C. Honey, Kerosene, Vegetable oil, Distilled water
A. Motion of the bob is uniform with T = 2(t1 + t2)
D. Vegetable oil, Distilled water, Vinegar, Kerosene
B. Motion of the bob is uniform with T = 4(t1 + t2)
C. Motion of the bob is non uniform with T = 2(t1 + t2) 18. Why does a horse need to pull harder during the first
D. Motion of the bob is non-uniform with few steps in pulling the cart?
T = 4(t1 + t2).
A. Static friction is greater than sliding friction.
12. A box is being pushed horizontally along a rough B. Sliding friction is greater than rolling friction.
surface and a constant acceleration is achieved. If the
C. No frictional force acts after the cart comes in
push is stopped, the box will
motion.
A. Slow down and finally stop D. Air friction is greater during first few steps of
B. Continue to move at constant speed motion.
C. Continue to accelerate at a lower rate
D. Stop immediately. 19. Which of the following statements are correct?
(i) Venus is the hottest planet of the solar system.
13. A block of mass 4 kg and dimensions 10 cm × 20 cm × 30 cm
(ii) Jupiter is called the red planet as it has a large red
rests on the floor. If g = 10 m s–2 , then the maximum
pressure the block can exert on the floor is spot on its surface.
(iii) Revolving speed of Mercury is fastest of all planets.
A. 2000 N m–2 B. 1000 N m–2
(iv) Mars has no natural satellites of its own.
C. 4000 N m–2 D. 1333 N m–2
(v) Saturn is the least dense planet among all planets.
14. Which of the following statements are true about both A. (ii) and (iii) only
light and sound ? B. (ii), (iv) and (v) only
(i) They are forms of energy. C. (i), (iii) and (v) only
(ii) They can be converted into other forms of energy. D. (i), (ii), (iv) and (v) only
(iii) They undergo reflection.
A. (i) and (ii) only B. (ii) and (iii) only 20. Two uncharged conducting spheres are placed in contact
C. (i) and (iii) only D. (i), (ii) and (iii) with each other. Which of the following diagrams best
represents the charge distribution when a negatively
15. Which of the following options correctly represents
charged rod is placed near one of them?
the relative positions of the Sun (S), Moon (M) and
Earth (E) on the day of full moon and new moon?
A.
Full Moon New Moon
A. MES MSE
B. SME ESM B.
C. SEM SME
D. ESM EMS

16. What is the use of cooking oil in frying a fish in terms C.


of heat transfer?
A. To increase rate of heat transfer to the fish via D.
radiation.
B. To increase rate of heat transfer to the fish via
convection. 21. The intensity of sound wave gets reduced by 10% on
C. To increase rate of heat transfer to the fish via passing through a slab. The total reduction in intensity
conduction. on passing through three consecutive slabs is
D. To increase rate of heat transfer to the fish via A. 30% B. 70%
evaporation. C. 27.1% D. 72.9%

19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1 | 3


22. The given table shows the melting and boiling points Statement 2 : The process represents a physical change
of four elements. as the substance formed is composed of same elements
sulphur, oxygen and hydrogen.
Element Melting point Boiling point
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2 is
E1 198°C 390°C
the correct explanation of statement 1.
E2 –101°C 150°C B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 is
E3 185°C 1087°C not the correct explanation of statement 1.
E4 20°C 160°C C. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false.
Which element is in liquid state at 311°F? D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
A. E4 B. E3 27. Match the Column I with Column II and select the
C. E2 D. E1 correct option from the given codes.
Column I Column II
23. The given diagram shows a girl standing at a position X in (i) Turmeric solution (P) Aqueous solution of
front of a plane mirror, at a distance of x m from the mirror. remains yellow sodium bicarbonate
When she moves y m away to a new position Y, the distance (ii) China rose indicator (Q) Aqueous solution
between the girl and her image increases by 8 m. turns green of sugar
What is the value of y ? (iii) Methyl orange (R) Aqueous solution of
A. 2m indicator turns red ammonium hydroxide
(iv) Phenolphthalein (S) Aqueous solution
B. 4m indicator turns pink of hydrogen chloride
C. 8m gas
D. Data insufficient (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
A. Q, S R, S P, S P, R
24. Read the given statements and select the correct
B. P, R S P, R Q, S
option.
Statement 1 : Smoke goes upwards. C. Q, S P, R S P, R
Statement 2 : The warm air is lighter than the cold air. D. P Q R S
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2 28. Fill in the blanks left in the classification of the fossil
is the correct explanation of statement 1. fuels.
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 Fossil fuels
is not the correct explanation of statement 1.
Plants and trees Aquatic plants and animals
C. Statement 1 is true but statement 2 is false.
p q
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
Destructive Fractional
25. The given figure shows a circuit which contains three distillation distillation
identical lamps and two switches.
Gaseous Solid Gaseous Solid
product residue product residue
u v w x
p q u v w x
A. Petro- Coal Petro- Bitumen Coal gas Coke
leum leum
B. Coal Petro- Coal Coke Petro- Bitu-
Which of the following statements is correct regarding leum gas leum gas men
the given circuit? C. Coal Petro- Coal Char- Gasoline Coal
A. When switch 2 is closed and switch 1 is open, all leum gas coal tar
the three lamps glow. D. Petro- Coal Gaso- Bitumen Natural Coke
B. When switch 2 is closed and switch 1 is open, leum line gas
only lamp 1 and lamp 3 glow.
C. When switch 1 is closed and switch 2 is open, 29. When a copper vessel is exposed to moist air for long,
only lamp 2 glows. it acquires a dull green coating. The reaction can be
D. When both switch 1 and switch 2 are closed, all represented as
the three lamps glow. 2Cu + → Cu(OH)2 + Z

26. Read the given statements and select the correct option. W, X, Y and Z are respectively
Statement 1 : The gas produced on burning sulphur A. N2 , CO2 , O2 and CuO
in air is dissolved in water to form an acidic solution. B. H2O, N2 , CO2 and O2

4 | 19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


C. H2O, CO2 , O2 and CuCO3 Z : I do not get wrinkled easily. I burn slowly and
D. H2O, CO2 , O2 and CuO. produce black smoke.
W, X, Y and Z are respectively
30. Fill in the blanks by choosing an appropriate option. A. Terylene, rayon, cotton and nylon
Acids are compounds that contain (i) atoms. Sulphuric B. Bakelite, nylon, rayon and cotton
acid is one such example which is a (ii) acid. It is
C. Melamine, PVC, nylon and rayon
neutralised by alkalies and forms salts called (iii) .
Acids react with metals to give (iv) gas. D. Nylon, cotton, rayon and polyester.
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) 34. Refer to the given Venn diagram and select the correct
A. Hydrogen Weak Sulphites Oxygen option regarding P, Q and R.
B. Oxygen Weak Sulphates Hydrogen
C. Hydrogen Strong Sulphites Oxygen Plants that Plants that
D. Hydrogen Strong Sulphates Hydrogen grow in are leafless
nitrogen and rootless
31. Which of the following statements are true? deficient soil Q
I. In the luminous zone of candle flame, vaporised P
wax gets oxidised to carbon dioxide which burns R
with a blue flame. Plants that prepare
their carbohydrates
II. There is no burning in the dark inner zone of the through
flame. photosynthesis
III. Non luminous zone is the hottest part of the
flame. A. Plant P possesses special root like structures
IV. Luminous zone of a f lame is mainly due to called haustoria for absorption of nitrogen from
incomplete burning of carbon. atmospheric air.
A. I and III only B. II and III only B. Plant Q catches and digests insects and shows
C. II, III and IV only D. All of these completely heterotrophic mode of nutrition.
C. R could be Nepenthes or Rafflesia.
32. Rahul, a class 8 student conducted the following experi-
D. P could be Dionaea whereas Q could be
ment and recorded the observations in the given table.
Cuscuta.

35. Refer to the given figures and select the correct option
regarding species P, Q and R.

Obser- Does balloon Is ignition


vation explode? temperature of A. Fruits of species P burst open forcibly after drying
balloon reached? and seeds are scattered nearby.
Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 1 Fig. 2 B. Seeds of species R possess wings or hair-like
I. Yes Yes No Yes structures.
II. Yes No Yes No C. P could be Hiptage whereas Q could be balsam.
III. No Yes Yes Yes D. Seeds of species Q are heavy and bear spines or
The correct observation and inference drawn are hooks.
A. I, balloon has a higher ignition temperature than
water hence, it explodes 36. Read the given paragraph with few blanks and select
the option that correctly fills up any 3 of these.
B. II, water increases the melting point of balloon
(i) is the ability to blend with the surroundings.
C. III, water in the balloon absorbs the heat It is protective to prey insects like (ii) and also
D. II, water conducts the heat away from the advantageous to predators like (iii) .
balloon. (iv) is the resemblance of one species with another.
33. The characteristics of different fibres are listed as The species which is imitated is called (v) while
the species which imitates is called (vi) .
W : I am strong, elastic, light and burn slowly.
A. (i) – Mimicry, (iv) – Camouflage, (vi) – Mimic
I shrink on heating and form hard beads with
B. (ii) Leaf insect, (iv) – Mimicry, (v) – Model
smell of burning hair.
X : I burn completely leaving no residue. C. (i) – Camouflage, (iii) – Praying mantis,
Y : I can be woven like silk fibres and dyed in a wide (vi) – Model
variety of colours. I burn quickly with a smell of D. (ii) – Grasshopper, (iii) – Stick insect,
burning paper. (v) – Mimic

19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1 | 5


37. The given figure represents the pattern of blood (iv) Some species of X help in manufacture of ethyl
circulation in human body. alcohol whereas several species of Y help in
biological nitrogen fixation.
(v) Several species of groups X and Y are used in
making antibiotics.
A. (i), (ii) and (iii) only B. (i), (iii) and (v) only
Select the correct statement regarding this. C. (ii) and (iv) only D. (iv) and (v) only
A. Q and R carry deoxygenated blood whereas P and
40. Study the given flow chart.
S carry oxygenated blood. P
B. X represents right side of heart, i.e., right atrium
No
and ventricle.
Cell organelle Cell organelle
C. Q and P carry oxygenated blood whereas R and S bound by
No
bound by
carry deoxygenated blood. double membrane single membrane
D. Y represents left side of heart, i.e., left atrium and Yes Yes
ventricle.
No Present in No Present in
S Q
38. The given figure shows positions animal cell plant cell
of few endocrine glands in human Z
Yes Yes
body.
X T R
Two patients, Ravi and Sohail recently
visited an endocrinologist regarding Which of the following holds true for P, Q, R, S
their health issues. and T ?
Doctor examined them and prepared Y A. P takes part in cell autophagy and autolysis whereas
a chart shown here to keep a record W
Q takes part in osmoregulation.
of their illness and monitor their
B. R takes part in protein synthesis and is also present
health.
in bacteria.
Patient's name Disease symptoms C. Inner membrane of T contains stalked particles
Ravi Swollen neck whereas inner membrane of S is connected to
Sohail Large quantities of sugar in blood thylakoids at various places.
and urine
D. T takes part in preparation of food whereas S takes
Refer to the given figure and chart and select the part in oxidation of food to release energy.
correct option.
A. Ravi is suffering from goitre which is caused due 41. The given diagram shows a respirometer that is
to hyposecretion of a hormone by gland X. used to measure gaseous exchange in pea seeds. The
B. Ravi is suffering from cretinism which is caused apparatus is maintained at a constant temperature.
due to hypersecretion of a hormone by gland Y.
C. Sohail is suffering from diabetes which is
caused by hyposecretion of a hormone by
gland W.
D. Sohail is suffering from diabetes which is caused
by hypersecretion of a hormone by gland Z.

39. X and Y are two groups of microorganisms. Group X


includes all unicellular forms which lack an organised
nucleus. Group Y includes both unicellular and
multicellular forms with organised nucleus. Both Which of the following is incorrect regarding this?
groups do not possess chlorophyll.
Identify the groups and select the correct statements A. The gas pressure in X will fall as O2 is absorbed
regarding them. during respiration and CO 2 is absorbed by
potassium hydroxide solution.
(i) Several species of groups X and Y help in
decomposition of biodegradable wastes, thus help B. The fluid level at Y will fall to compensate the
in waste disposal. loss of pressure in X.
(ii) Some species of groups X and Y possess thread C. The gas pressure at X will rise as O2 is given out by
like structures called hyphae. seeds and CO2 is released by potassium hydroxide
(iii) Species of X cause tuberculosis and anthrax diseases solution.
in animals whereas species of Y cause rust and D. The fluid level at Z will rise due to loss of pressure
smut diseases in plants. at X.

6 | 19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


42. Refer to the given diagram of 44. Read the following statements and select the correct
human male reproductive system option.
and select the incorrect statement
X A. A daughter receives X-chromosome from her
regarding parts X, Y and Z.
mother only.
A. Z deposits sperms into the Z B. Human beings possess 22 pairs of autosomes and
vagina of female during
Y 1 pair of sex chromosomes.
coitus.
C. A new human individual develops from a cell
B. Y is similar in function to ovaries of female.
called gamete only.
C. X conducts sperms from testis to urethra.
D. Pituitary gland produces thyroxine.
D. Y lies within scrotum in the abdominal cavity.
45. Match column I with column II and select the correct
43. Identify P, Q and R in the given flow chart and select option from the given codes.
the correct option regarding them.
Column I Column II
Threatened species No Extinct species
P. Anopheles (i) A fungus from which
Yes Yes antibiotic is obtained
Vulnerable No Endangered
P Q. Rhizobium (ii) A viral disease
species species R. Penicillium (iii) A bacterium responsible
Yes Yes for curdling of milk
R Q S. Hepatitis B (iv) Nitrogen fixing bacterium
A. P – Passenger pigeon, Q – Golden langur, T. Lactobacillus (v) Edible fungus
R – Great Indian bustard U. Mushroom (vi) Vector for malarial parasite
B. P – Sloth bear, Q – Chinkara deer, A. P-(vi), Q-(iv), R-(i), S-(ii), T-(iii), U-(v)
R – Asian elephant B. P-(ii), Q-(v), R-(iii), S-(i), T-(vi), U-(iv)
C. P – Olive Ridley turtle, Q – Komodo dragon, C. P-(iv), Q-(vi), R-(i), S-(v), T-(ii), U-(iii)
R – Blue whale D. P-(i), Q-(iii), R-(iv), S-(ii), T-(vi), U-(v)
D. P – Dodo, Q – Red panda, R – Indian rhinoceros

Achievers Section

DIRECTION (Q. No. 46 and 47) : Refer to the given passage 48. The given graph shows the changes in various factors
and answer the following questions. (P, Q and R) present in a water body after the sewage
A balloon is moving upwards  discharge at point X.
from ground with a constant
speed of 10 m s–1 at a distance
Amount/Number

5 m infront of a plane mirror


P
of length 2 m as shown in
figure.
A source S is placed symmetrically before plane mirror. Q
The plane mirror is placed at a height H = 15 m above the X R
surface of ground. O
Sewage discharge
46. The maximum time interval during which a man inside Distance downstream
the balloon can see the image of the source in the mirror
is Refer to the given graph and select the correct option
regarding P, Q and R.
A. 2.2 s B. 1.7 s
C. 4.6 s D. 0.5 s A. P could be bacteria which increase tremendously
in number to decompose nitrogen rich sewage.
47. When the balloon is at a height of 17 m from the B. Q corresponds to biological oxygen demand which
ground, the man drops a stone from it then the decreases due to accumulation of sewage on water
maximum height attained by the stone will be surface.
(g = 10 m s –2) C. R could be aquatic animals like fish which die on
A. 17 m B. 20 m account of non-availability of dissolved oxygen.
C. 22 m D. 27 m D. Both A and C

19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1 | 7


49. Ms. Deepika, a science teacher demonstrated an 50. Read the given paragraph where few words have been
activity in the science lab and the experiment was italicised.
set up as shown in the figure. Preparation of soil in a field, before sowing of seeds
Syringe involves two steps : broadcasting and levelling. Soil
steam in the crop field is enriched with nutrients by adding
metal X
manures and fertilisers to it. Crop fields need to be
heat irrigated from time to time. In sprinkler system of
irrigation water is allowed to fall drop by drop from a
The metal ‘X’ reacts with steam to form a gas ‘Y’
pipe just near the plant roots whereas in drip irrigation
which is collected in the syringe.
water escapes from a revolving nozzle. Weeding in
Which of the following best describes the metal crop fields can be done using thresher. After the crop
‘X’ and gas ‘Y’? is harvested, the grain is separated from cut crop using
A. Metal ‘X’ is silver and gas ‘Y’ is hydrogen which a machine called harvester.
burns with a pop sound. Select the correct option regarding these.
B. Metal ‘X’ is sodium and gas ‘Y’ is carbon dioxide A. Broadcasting should be replaced by winnowing.
which gives white precipitate with lime water. B. Positions of sprinkler system and drip irrigation
C. Metal ‘X’ is iron and gas ‘Y’ is hydrogen which should be interchanged.
burns with a pop sound.
C. Thresher should not be replaced as it is correctly
D. Metal ‘X’ is magnesium and gas ‘Y’ is carbon dioxide mentioned.
which gives white precipitate with lime water.
D. Harvester should be replaced by seed drill.

SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK

8 | 19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


Class 8

Set B

Year 2016
logical reasoning

1. The minimum number of straight lines required to A. NSWX B. KPSU


make the given figure is _____. C. HMQR D. EJNO
A. 23
6. How many odd numbers are there in the following
B. 22
series which are immediately followed by an odd
C. 17
number?
D. 18
51473985726315863852243496
2. The following letters are coded as follows. A. 1 B. 2
Letter :BMKATREUNHFIWDP C. 4 D. More than 4
Digit/Symbol : 7 % 5 © 6 9 8 2 @ 1 # $ 3 « 4
7. Two positions of a dice are shown below. When there
While coding the given letters following conditions
are two dots at the bottom, the number of dots at the
are also to be observed.
top will be _______.
Conditions :
(i) If the first letter is a vowel and the last letter is a A. 3
consonant, both are to be coded as the code for B. 5
the vowel. C. 6
(ii) If the first letter is a consonant and the last D. Cannot be determined
letter is a vowel, codes for these two are to be 8. Which of the following Venn diagrams best depicts
interchanged. the relationship amongst, ‘Singers, Dancers, Actors’ ?
(iii) If both the first and the last letters are consonants,
both are to be coded as the code for the last
letter. A. B.
MATRBW
A. % © 6973 B. 3 © 6973
C. % © 697% D. 3 © 697% C. D.

3. Select the figure from the options which will replace
the (?) to complete the given figure matrix. 9. A square transparent sheet with a pattern
is given. Find the option as to how the
A.  pattern would appear when the transparent
sheet is folded along the dotted line.

B. A. B.

C. ? C. D.

D. 10. Six friends – Mohit, Arun, Amit, Samrath, Aman and


Siddharth are studying six different specialisations
which are – metallurgy, telecommunication, humanities,
4. Mini goes to the Departmental Store, which is to the mechanical, electrical and electronics not necessarily in
North of her house, 6 km away by an auto. After the the same order. Each one likes a different sport which
shopping she decides to visit her friend Trishu, hence are hockey, cricket, swimming, football, badminton
turns to the right and reaches her friend’s house which and tennis again not in the same order. Samrath is
is 8 km away. From there she visits a shop which is not studying electronics. Aman is studying humanities
6 km away, taking a right turn. Finally, she turns to the and likes hockey. Amit likes swimming and is not
right and phones up to the house to send the car. studying electronics. The one who likes football is
In what direction should the driver take the car to studying electrical. Siddharth is studying mechanical
pick up Mini to bring her back? and does not like tennis. The one who likes badminton
is studying telecommunication. Mohit and Arun do
A. West B. East not like badminton. Mohit does not like tennis.
C. South D. North Which sport does Mohit like?
5. Three of the following four are alike and hence form A. Football B. Cricket
a group. Which one does not belong to that group? C. Hockey D. None of these

2 | 19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


SCIENCE

11. The speed-time graphs of motion of two bicycles X water before and after heating. Which of the following
and Y are shown here. If at t = 0 s, both X and Y are correctly describes the temperature recorded by the
at same position, then at what time will they be at thermometer as compared to the actual temperatures of
same position again? –1 the water before and after heating, and the temperature
Speed (m s )
X difference recorded by the thermometer and the actual
A. 2s 10
8 temperature difference?
B. 2.5 s 6
4 Reading Reading Temperature
C. 5s 2 Y before after difference
Time(s)
D. After 6 s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
heating heating
A. Lower Lower Low
12. A solid object moving through a fluid experiences a
B. Lower Higher High
frictional force exerted by the fluid. At a particular
C. Lower Lower Same
instant the frictional force exerted by the fluid does
D. Higher Higher Same
not depend on
A. Shape of the object 18. Read the given statements and select the correct option.
B. Speed of the object Statement 1 : It is difficult to drive a vehicle at high
C. Nature of the fluid speed on a rainy day.
D. Volume of the fluid. Statement 2 : Friction depends on the nature of surfaces
13. The given figure shows a statue. in contact.
It exerts a pressure of 340 Pa on A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2
the floor. What is the weight of the is the correct explanation of statement 1.
statue if base area of its one foot is B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2
17 cm2 ? is not the correct explanation of statement 1.
A. 5.780 N B. 1000 N C. Statement 1 is true but statement 2 is false.
C. 1.156 N D. 2000 N D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.

14. While trying to put out a fire in an electric appliance, 19. The diagram shows a converging lens producing
we should pour______ on it. an upright and virtual image.
A. Distilled water B. Tap water Which of the following
C. Rain water D. Salt water optical instruments uses this
arrangement? Image Object
15. Which of the following statements is incorrect about A. A camera
constellation? B. A magnifying glass Lens
A. It is a group of stars that has recognisable shape. C. A photographic enlarger
B. It appears to move in the sky from east to west. D. A projector
C. It consists of large number of stars but we are able
to see only the bright ones. 20. Meera’s father was born on February 2, 1977. How
D. All the stars of a constellation are at the same many complete turns has he gone round the sun till
distance from us. October 20, 2016?
16. Which of the following statements about conduction A. 28 B. 39
are true? C. 40 D. 77
(i) Conduction can transfer heat faster in denser 21. Match the column I with column II and select the
medium. correct option.
(ii) Conduction can transfer heat faster through good
electrical conductors. Column I Column II
P. Convex mirror 1. Peep-hole in the door
(iii) C o n d u c t i o n c a n n o t h a p p e n a l o n g w i t h
Q. Convex lens 2. Shop security mirror
convection.
A. (i) and (ii) only B. (i) and (iii) only R. Concave lens 3. Reflector of torch
C. (ii) and (iii) only D. (i), (ii) and (iii) S. Concave mirror 4. Magnifying glass
A. P–2, Q–3, R–4, S–1
17. A student is given a thermometer that reads –1°C for the B. P–2, Q–4, R–1, S–3
lower fixed point and 99°C for the upper fixed point. He C. P–1, Q–4, R–3, S–2
uses the thermometer to measure the temperature of some D. P–3, Q–1, R–4, S–2

19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1 | 3


22. Rearranging charges in uncharged metal object without 27. Sohail conducted an experiment by taking a candle
contact with charged object is called and a steel spoon. He put the spoon in the middle of
A. Conduction B. Discharge the yellow part of the candle flame for a few seconds.
C. Insulation D. Induction. He observed black deposition on the spoon. What can
be concluded from this experiment?
23. Two plane mirrors AB and CD are placed at right
angle to one another. A ray of light PQ hits AB at
Q making an angle of 45° as shown in the diagram.
This ray will be reflected from mirror CD at an angle
of D
A. 20° A P
45°
B. 35° Q
Plane 90° Plane A. Wax is an inflammable substance hence, it burns
C. 45°
mirror mirror with a smoky flame.
D. 60°. C B
B. Unburnt carbon particles produce smoke (soot)
24. The given figure shows a circuit which contains three which gets deposited on the spoon.
identical bulbs B1, B2 , B3 and four switches S1, S 2 , C. Yellow region of the flame is the hottest hence,
S 3 and S 4. it produces smoke.
B1
S1 D. Out of three colours (blue, black and yellow) of
the flame, black being the darkest gets deposited
on the spoon.
B2 S2 B3
28. Study the given table carefully and choose the incorrect
S3 S4 match.
Which of the following combinations of switch S. Object/ Malleability Conductor
positions will make all the three bulbs to glow? No. material of electricity
S1 S2 S3 S4 I. Iron nail  
A. Closed Open Closed Open II. Coal piece  
B. Closed Closed Open Closed III. Aluminium block  
C. Open Closed Closed Closed IV. Pencil lead  
D. Closed Open Closed Closed
A. I and II only B. II and III only
25. It is known that normally at 90 dB, it takes about C. I, III and IV only D. All of these
8 hours for the damage to receptor nerves of ear to
occur. Further, it is found that if the sound level is 29. Some materials are listed as :
increased by 5 dB, the safe exposure limit is cut to (a) Cotton (b) Dacron
half. Based on the information, what is the non-stop (c) Bakelite (d) Jute
exposure time for a 105 dB sound to damage the ear? (e) Terylene (f) Melamine
They are classified as
A. 1 h B. 2h
(i) Biodegradable
C. 4 h D. 5h
(ii) Manufactured from petroleum products
26. Three colourless liquids I, II and III are tested with red (iii) Thermosetting plastics
and blue litmus papers with the following results: Choose the correct match.
A. (i) – c, d; (ii) – a, e; (iii) – b, f
Paper I II III B. (i) – d, f; (ii) – a, c; (iii) – b, e
Red litmus Stays red Stays red Turns blue C. (i) – a, d; (ii) – b, c; (iii) – e, f
Blue litmus Turns red Stays blue Stays blue D. (i) – a, d; (ii) – b, e; (iii) – c, f

Which of the following is the correct identification of 30. In a biogas plant, anaerobic bacteria digest animal
I, II and III? waste and produce biogas (Process I) which is burnt as
A. I is lime water, II is common salt solution and household fuel (Process II).
III is hydrochloric acid. In the given Venn diagram, processes I and II are best
B. I is amla juice, II is lemon juice and III is caustic described by point(s)
soda solution. Chemical
Physical change
C. I is vinegar, II is sugar solution and III is baking change 1 2 3
soda solution.
D. I is window cleaner, II is milk of magnesia and A. 1 B. 2
III is soap solution. C. 3 D. 1 and 3 respectively.

4 | 19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


31. A brief description of four substances is given as: 35. Given figure represents a breathing process.
W : Obtained from natural gas and is used in the
production of urea.
X : Contains mainly carbon and is obtained by
carbonisation of dead vegetation.
Y : A petroleum product used for road surfacing.
Z : Used as a fuel for jet aircrafts.
W, X, Y and Z are respectively During this process __________.
A. CNG, coke, coal tar and diesel A. Air from atmosphere rushes into the lungs
B. Hydrogen, coal, bitumen and kerosene B. Volume of thoracic cavity and lungs decreases
C. Coal gas, coke, coal tar and kerosene C. The air pressure inside the lungs decreases
D. Hydrogen, coke, bitumen and diesel. D. Both A and B
32. Observe the given flowchart and mark the appropriate 36. Refer to the given dichotomous key and select the
option correctly representing I, II and III. correct option regarding P, Q, R, S and T.
Substances I. (a) It is a method of asexual reproduction in plants.
- Go to II
(I) in taste. Bitter in taste. (b) It is a method of asexual reproduction in animals.
- Go to IV
(III) neutralises the Wasp stings II. (a) Vegetative propagation by leaves – P
effect of wasp sting. are (II). (b) Vegetative propagation by stems – Go to III
I II III III. (a) Vegetative propagation by rhizomes – Q
A. Sweet Neutral Baking soda
B. Sour Acidic Calamine (b) Vegetative propagation by bulbs – R
C. Sour Alkaline Vinegar IV. (a) Reproduction through binary fission – S
D. Sweet Alkaline Calamine (b) Reproduction through budding – T
33. Fire triangle is represented as A. P – Potato, Q – Turmeric, R – Spirog yra,
He

shown in the figure:


at emp

S – Plasmodium, T – Hydra
(to era
t

Eliminating one or more of the


att tur

B. P – Br yophyllum, Q – Ginger, R – Onion,


en

ain e)
yg

three factors helps in fighting fire.


Ox

S – Amoeba, T – Hydra
ign

Water, which is the most common


itio

C. P – Colocasia, Q – Mint, R – Potato, S – Paramecium,


n

fire extinguishing agent works by Combustible substance T – Sponge


A. Raising the ignition temperature of the substance D. P – Strawberry, Q – Chlamydomonas, R – Onion,
B. Removing the combustible substance S – Paramecium, T – Yeast
C. Removing heat and oxygen
D. Supplying CO2 which covers the fire like a blanket. 37. A factory is built beside a river. Water used to cool
the machines as well as some factory waste containing
34. The given figures show two kinds of fruits. mercury are discharged into the river as shown in the
given diagram.
Factory

Z
Water used
to cool
X Y the machines
Y
How are X and Y adapted for their dispersal in the Factory
X
surroundings? W waste
X Y River
A. Fleshy and sweet Hair-like structure to stick Which of the following statements are correct regarding
to attract animals onto bodies of animals this?
B. Wing-like structure Hook-like structure to stick A. The quantity of fish in area W is the highest as
to enable to float onto fur of animals compared to those in areas X, Y and Z.
on water B. The fish present in area Z are not consumable as
C. Air trapped within Hair-like structure to enable they are likely to contain poisonous mercury.
its structure to enable to float on water C. Areas X and Y are directly affected by pollution
to float on water
so the chances of getting fish in this area are
D. Wing-like structure Hair-like structure to get
negligible.
to get blown off with blown off with the wind
D. All of these
the wind
19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1 | 5
38. Anita bought a bunch of blue flowers with intact stems (iii) Testes are S sex organs of males which lie
from the market. In order to find out whether the colour within T .
was artificially introduced or not, she prepared a section (iv) The clone sheep U was developed by using
of the stem and observed it under the microscope. cells from V and Scottish Blackface sheep.
Which of the following correctly shows the condition of A. Q - Oviparous, S - Secondary, U - Rosie
the section, if the colour was artificially introduced B. P - Metamorphosis, R - Viviparous, V - Finn Dorset
in flowers. (The dark area is the place where the colour C. Q - Viviparous, T - Seminal vesicle, U - Dolly
is present). D. R - Oviparous, S - Accessory, T - Scrotum

42. Refer to the given flow chart.


A. B. Microorganism
Yes
Cell wall is present
Yes
C. D. No
Organised nucleus is present P
Yes
No Q
39. Read the given paragraph. Chlorophyll is present
Yes
Organism X has leathery lips and a big hump,
organism Y has thick layer of fur on skin and thick R
layer of subcutaneous fat whereas organism Z is Identify organisms P, Q and R and select the correct
brilliantly coloured and has sticky pads on its feet. option regarding them.
Which of the following holds true for organisms X, A. P could be a multicellular microbe which causes
Y and Z ? tetanus in humans.
A. Organism X lives in a place inhabited by B. Q is always unicellular and could be saprophytic
xerophytic plants. or parasitic.
B. Organism Y hibernates in extreme winters. C. R could be a unicellular biflagellate microorganism
C. Organism Z creates ghost images and uses startling which forms an important component of
colouration to elude its predators. phytoplanktons.
D. All of these D. P can reproduce only inside cells of host organisms
and behaves as non-living entity outside the living
40. Refer to the given figure of a plant cell and select systems.
the correct statement regarding organelles P and Q.
43. Refer to the given Venn diagram.

Area meant Area meant


for protection X for protection
of ora Y of fauna

Area where
limited human
economic activities
allowed
A. P synthesises energy but Q synthesises lipids.
B. Presence of both P and Q in a plant cell maximise Identify X and Y and select the correct option regarding
the rate of photosynthesis. them.
C. P takes part in photosynthesis whereas Q takes part A. X is an in situ method of biodiversity conservation
in protein synthesis. whereas Y is an ex situ method of biodiversity
D. Amount of P and Q remains fixed in all cell types. conservation.
B. Human activities are allowed only in the core
41. Read the following statements with few blanks and zone of Y however the buffer zone remains
select the option that correctly fills any three of these undisturbed.
blanks. C. X is an area that is owned and protected by a
(i) P is the transformation of a larval form into national government for the purpose of recreation
an adult animal. and development.
(ii) Egg laying animals are called Q whereas animals D. Hunting of animals is allowed in core zone
which give birth to babies are known as R . of Y however, it is prohibited in all parts of X.

6 | 19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


44. Read the given statements and select the correct
option.
Statement 1 : A plant or animal species which is
exclusively found in a particular area and is not
found naturally anywhere else, is known as endemic
species.
Statement 2 : The existence of endemic species is
often threatened due to the introduction of exotic
species from some other geographical area.
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2
is the correct explanation of statement 1.
A. Parasitic bacteria and fungi play an important role
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2
in process II.
is not the correct explanation of statement 1.
B. If process I does not take place then there will be
C. Statement 1 is true but statement 2 is false.
no recycling of nutrients.
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
C. Nitrogen fixation by free living and symbiotic
45. Refer to the given nitrogen cycle occurring in nature bacteria and lightning process both could be
and select the correct option. process III.
D. Both B and C

Achievers Section

Direction : Refer to the given passage and answer questions Which of the following statements is correct?
46 and 47. A. Copper will be precipitated in beaker I and there
The given figure shows two men M and N, facing two flat will be no change in beakers, II, III and IV.
and hard walls, wall 1 and wall 2. B. Copper will be precipitated in beaker IV and
Wall 2
solutions in beakers I, II and III will become
y colourless.
C. There will be no change in beakers II and III and
Wall 1 solutions in beakers I and IV will turn green and
colourless respectively.
500 m D. There will be no change in beakers II and III and
solutions in beakers I and IV will become colourless
M 2400 m N and green respectively.
Man N fires a gun, man M hears two echoes, one from
wall 1 and second from wall 2. The speed of sound in air 49. Read the given paragraph where few words have been
is given to be 325 m s–1. italicised.
46. After the firing of a gun by the man N, the man M Monoculture is growing of a single crop in one habitat.
will hear the first echo in It makes mechanical harvesting easy and reduces pest
A. 4.0 s B. 8.9 s infestation. But, it removes some nutrients specifically
C. 8.0 s D. 10.5 s. from the area. Hence, crop rotation is more prevalent
wherein leguminous and non-leguminous crops are
47. If the time difference between the two echoes as heard
grown simultaneously on the same field. It replenishes
by man M is 1.23 s, then distance between the walls,
y is the soil with magnesium and improves soil fertility.
It also increases pest infestation.
A. 400 m B. 900 m
Select the correct statement regarding this.
C. 500 m D. 1300 m.
A. Monoculture should be replaced with tissue culture.
48. Ms Nisha, a science teacher set up the given apparatus B. Easy should not be replaced as it is correctly
to demonstrate displacement reactions : mentioned while magnesium should be replaced
with boron.
CuSO4 ZnSO4 FeSO4 CuSO4 C. Simultaneously should be replaced with alternately.
solution solution solution solution
Fe Fe Cu Zn
D. Reduces and increases should not be replaced or
filings filings turnings granules interchanged as they are correctly mentioned.
(I) (II) (III) (IV)

19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1 | 7


50. The graph given below shows the changes in the Refer to the given graph and select the incorrect
blood glucose concentrations of a healthy person and statement regarding it.
a person with condition X. A. Person with condition X needs to take insulin
injections before meals.
Person with B. Urine of person with condition X contains some
Blood glucose
level (mg/dL)

condition X amount of glucose.


C. Condition X arises due to malfunctioning of few
cells of pancreas.
D. Condition X is the consequence of deficiency of
Healthy person
iodine in body.
Time after meal (min)

SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK

8 | 19th NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


Class 8

Set A

Year 2017
LOGICAL REASONING

1. Select a figure from the options which will complete


the given figure matrix. 8 ? 18
× + 4 16 18 8 12 27
?
+ × A. 12 B. 16 C. 14 D. 9
6. The given question consists of a set of four figures
P, Q, R and S showing a sequence of folding of a
piece of paper. Fig. (S) shows the manner in which
the folded paper has been cut. Select the figure from
the options which would most closely resemble the
× × unfolded form of Fig. (S).
A. B. C. D.

×
×

2. Study the given information carefully and answer the


question that follows. P Q R S
 P, Q, R, S, T, U and V are sitting in a row facing
North. A. B. C. D.
 T is to the immediate right of V.
 P is the neighbour of R and U. 7. In which of the following figures, Fig. (X) is exactly
 V is 4th to the right of Q. embedded as one of its parts?
 Person who is third to the left of U is at one of the
ends.
Who is second to the right of U? Fig. (X)
A. T B. V C. S D. P
3. Which of the following options does not satisfy the A. B. C. D.
same condition of placement of dots as in Fig. (X)?
8. How many pair of letters are there in the word
OPERATION which have as many letters between
them in the word as in the English alphabet?
Fig. (X) A. Five B. Six
C. Seven D. More than seven
A. B. 9. Which of the following options will continue the
same series as established by the Problem Figures?
Problem Figures

C. D.

4. In a certain code language, if 'TUTORIAL' is written A. B. C. D.


as 'WRWLUFDI', then how will 'GUIDANCE' be
written in that language? 10. Priyanshu walked 8 m in East, then he turned right
A. HFQDGLXJ B. FGPLKYJZ and walked 3 m. Again he turned to the right and
C. JRLADFKB D. JRLADKFB walked 12 m. How far is he now from the starting
point?
5. Find the missing number, if same rule is followed in
all the three figures. A. 20 m B. 4 m C. 5 m D. 23 m

SCIENCE
11. A 20 Pa pressure is applied on the head of a nail exerted at the wall is
placed perpendicular to the surface of a wall. If the A. 10 Pa B. 20 Pa
area of cross-section of the tip of the nail is (1/10) times
C. 200 Pa D. None of these.
the area of cross-section of the head, the pressure

2 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


12. Two metal spheres are mounted on insulating stands. brightness. If a third identical lamp Z is connected
Sphere P is initially uncharged and sphere Q is initially in parallel with lamp X, then what will happen to the
positively charged. A metal rod, held by an insulating brightness of lamp Y?
handle, is placed in contact with P and Q as shown. A. Brighter than normal Y
Metal rod B. Normal
C. Dimmer than normal X
P Q
Insulating D. Very dim (cannot be seen)
handle
18. The device used to prevent the flow of excess current
Earth in the circuit is
A. Switch B. Fuse C. Bulb D. Coil.
What are the charges on P and Q after the rod is
placed in contact with them? 19. Read the given statements and select the correct option.
Charge on P Charge on Q Statement 1 : The seasons are caused by the tilt of
A. Positive Positive Earth's axis.
B. Positive Uncharged Statement 2 : The axis of Earth is tilted at an angle
C. Uncharged Positive 1°
of 23 to the plane of its orbit.
D. Uncharged Uncharged 2
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2
13. A fire can be made by rubbing two objects together such is the correct explanation of statement 1.
as rubbing two pieces of rock having rough surfaces. B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 is
Which of the following statements explain why a fire not the correct explanation of statement 1.
can be made by rubbing two objects together? C. Statement 1 is true but statement 2 is false.
(i) Friction slows down moving objects. D. Statement 1 is false but statement 2 is true.
(ii) Fire gives out heat and light energy.
(iii) Friction produces heat. 20. Three containers P, Q and R made of metal are filled
with chilled water, ice cubes and boiling water with
(iv) Fire has no mass.
vapour respectively. These containers are kept at room
A. (ii) only B. (iii) only
temperature. Which of the following graph shows the
C. (i), (ii) and (iii) only D. (ii) and (iv) only temperature variations in all the containers correctly?
Temperature (°C) Temperature (°C)
14. Two forces of equal magnitude F act on two isolated
bodies P and Q as shown in the figure. The mass of 100 100
R
body Q is three times that of body P. The magnitude A. B.
P
of the acceleration of P is Q P
R Q
P Q
0 0 Time (min)
A. Three times that of Q B. (1/3) that of Q Time (min)

C. Nine times that of Q D. (1/9) that of Q. Temperature (°C) Temperature (°C)


100 100
R
15. The speed of sound in air, water and steel is different. R
If the speed of sound in air, water and steel is C. P D.
represented by Va , Vw and Vs respectively, then which P
Q Q
of the following sequences is correct about the speed
0 Time (min) 0 Time (min)
of sound in ascending order?
A. Va, Vw, Vs B. Vs, Vw, Va 21. The displacement-time
C. Vw, Vs, Va D. Va, Vs, Vw graph of a lift climbing
Displacement (m)

60
from the ground floor to 50
16. In the given figure, two mirrors X and Y are situated the top of the building is C
40
at an angle of 60° with each other and a ray of light is given here. Which of the B
30
incident on mirror X at an angle of 50°. When the following statements are 20
ray is reflected by the mirror Y, then what is angle true about the graph? 10
of reflection at this mirror? A
(i) At point A, the lift 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
A. 35° X 50°
is stationary. Time (s)
B. 55° (ii) Velocity of lift is decreasing from point B to C.
C. 50° 60° (iii) At point C, the lift is at zero velocity.
D. 20° Y (iv) Velocity of lift is minimum at B.
17. The diagram shows identical lamps X and Y connected A. (i) and (iii) only B. (ii) and (iv) only
in series with a battery. The lamps light with normal C. (i), (ii) and (iii) only D. (ii), (iii) and (iv) only

NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1 | 3


22. A cylinder is placed on a balance as III. A substance cannot catch fire if its temperature
shown in the figure. Water is poured Water is higher than its ignition temperature.
into the cylinder and the reading IV. Water should be poured over burning petrol, kerosene
of the balance is recorded for or diesel.
different heights of water in the V. The middle zone of a candle emits the least light.
cylinder. A. I and II only B. III and IV only
Which graph correctly shows the variation of the balance C. II, III and IV only D. V only
reading (say m) with the height (say h)?
m m 27. Rupali, a class 8 student classified a few changes
occurring around us as shown in the table :
A. B. S. No. Change Chemical Physical Reversible
I. Making batter   
0 h 0 h for idli
m II. Bursting of   
m crackers
C. D. III. Formation of   
clouds
0 h 0 h IV. Germination of   
seeds
23. Fill in the blanks by choosing an appropriate option.
V. Ironing of   
The loudness of sound depends on its (i) . clothes
The (ii) determines the pitch of a sound. Which of her observations are incorrect?
A bird makes a (iii) sound where as a lion makes
A. I and II only B. II and III only
a (iv) sound. Usually voice of a woman has
C. I, IV and V only D. II, III, IV and V only
a (v) frequency than that of a man.
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) 28. Ms Shelja, a science teacher conducted an activity as
A. Amplitude Frequency Low-pitched High-pitched Lower shown in the given figure :
B. Pitch Frequency Low-pitched High-pitched Lower She collected the ash and made
C. Amplitude Frequency High-pitched Low-pitched Higher its solution with water. Magnesium
Magnesium
ribbon
ribbon
D. Frequency Pitch High-pitched Low-pitched Higher Which of the following statements
24. Read the given statements and select the correct option. is/are correct? Ash
Ash

Statement 1 : It takes a much longer time and covers


 I. The formula of the ash is MgO.
more distance to stop a moving ship in water than a II. The solution formed will turn methyl orange pink
moving car with same speed on the road. and phenolphthalein colourless.
Statement
 2 : The friction on water surface is much III. The solution will have no effect on blue litmus
less than the solid surface. paper.
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2 A. I only B. I and III only
is the correct explanation of statement 1. C. II only D. I, II and III
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 is
not the correct explanation of statement 1. 29. Suhani, a class 8 student has listed the important
C. Statement 1 is true but statement 2 is false. properties and uses of a few plastics in the given
D. Statement 1 is false but statement 2 is true. table.
25. A person standing at the centre of a rectangular room Plastics Properties Uses
is looking into a 1 m long mirror at the opposite end W Light weight For making adhesive tapes
of the room. How much of the painted wall can he and as an insulator for
electric wires
see through the 1 m long mirror?
1m X Thermo- For making soles of shoes
A. 1 m plastic and sanitary fittings
Mirror
B. 2 m Y Thermo- For making electrical switches
Person 12 m
C. 3 m setting and plugs
Painted wall
D. 4 m ↓ Z Hard, highly For making floor tiles and
polished kitchenware
26. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
W, X, Y and Z could be respectively
I. The flame of a Bunsen burner is blue when the air
A. Polystyrene, polythene, melamine and teflon
hole is open and yellow when the air hole is closed.
II. The liquid or solid wax never catches fire. B. PVC, polythene, bakelite and melamine

4 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


C. Polythene, PVC, bakelite and melamine concentrated HCl to flask III and 30 mL of the same
D. Polythene, melamine, bakelite and teflon. solution of dilute HCl to flask IV.
pH of the solution will not change in
30. Match column I with column II and select the correct A. Flask I B. Flask II C. Flask III D. Flask IV.
option from the given codes.
34. Following is the data of four species (S1 – S4) present (+)
Column I Column II or absent (–) in five different habitats (P, Q, R, S and T).
P. Non-metal essential for all (i) Nitrogen Which species has the maximum diversity?
living beings P Q R S T
Q. Non-metal used in fertilisers (ii) Chlorine S1 – – – + +
to enhance growth of plants S2 + + + + –
R. Non-metal used in water (iii) Iodine S3 – – – – +
purification process S4 + – + – +
S. Non-metal whose purple (iv) Carbon A. S1 B. S2 C. S3 D. S4
coloured solution is used as 35. Refer to the given flow chart and select the incorrect
an antiseptic (v) Phosphorus statement.
Offsprings show genetic variation. No
A. P– (iv), Q – (i), R – (ii), S – (v) P
Yes
B. P– (ii), Q – (iii), R – (i), S – (iv)
Pollen grains are transferred from anther Yes
C. P– (iv), Q – (i), R – (ii), S – (iii) Q
to the stigma of same flower of a plant.
D. P– (iii), Q – (iv), R – (v), S – (i) No

31. Read the given passage and fill in the blanks by Pollen grains of a plant are heavier Yes
R
and sticky.
choosing an appropriate option. No
The process of conversion of wood into coal is Stigmas are branched and feathery while No
S
called (i) . There are three main varieties of coal pollen grains are winged, dry and dusty.  
Yes
which vary in their carbon content. (ii) has upto
T
96 % of carbon, (iii) has about 65 % of carbon
A. In P, bulb like projection called bud may occur on
while (iv) has about 38 % of carbon.
the body of the parent plant.
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) B. Q can help in maintaining pure lines for hybridisation
A. Destructive Lignite Anthr- Bitum- experiments.
distillation acite inous coal C. Pollination in R is non-directional while in S and
B. Carboni- Anthracite Lignite Bitum- T it is highly specific and directional.
sation inous coal D. In T, pollen grains are produced in large numbers
C. Carboni- Anthracite Bitum- Lignite while in Q they are fewer.
sation inous coal
D. Destructive Bitum- Anthr- Lignite 36. Refer to the given food web in an aquatic ecosystem.
distillation inous coal acite In which of the following species Q
would a toxic pollutant present
32. Match column I with column II and select the correct in water body probably reach the P S R
option from the given codes. highest concentration. [The arrows
Column I Column II represent energy flow and the letters
P. Spontaneous combustion (i) Sulphur dioxide T
represent different species.]
Q. Supporter of combustion (ii) Carbon dioxide A. S B. Q C. R D. T
R. Fire extinguisher (iii)Oxygen
S. Incomplete combustion (iv) Sodium bicarbonate 37. Refer to the given Venn diagram Y
+ conc. sulphuric acid and select the incorrect statement Streamlined
body Wings
(v) Carbon monoxide regarding animals X, Y and Z.
T. Combustion of coal and (vi) Phosphorus X
A. Both X and Z can regulate Z
diesel their body temperatures Breathe
P Q R S T but X is oviparous and Z through
A. (iv), (vi) (iii) (i) (ii) (v) is viviparous. lungs
B. (v) (iii) (ii), (iv) (i), (iv) (vi) B. Y may have an exoskeleton of scales and its body
C. (ii) (iii), (iv) (v) (vi) (i) is divisible into head, trunk and tail.
D. (vi) (iii) (ii), (iv) (v) (i), (ii), (v) C. X could be stork, Y could be arowana and Z could
33. Ronit, a class 8 student took 20 mL of dilute HCl in be dolphin.
four different flasks. He added 10 mL of pure water D. X has hollow bones and Y respires through moist
to flask I, 20 mL of pure water to flask II, 20 mL of skin and buccopharyngeal cavity.

NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1 | 5


38. Refer to the given dichotomous key and select the 41. Study the given diagram of human heart and select
correct statement. the correct statement regarding its parts labelled X,
(i) (a) Single parent is involved in reproduction.-Go Y and Z.
to (ii) A. All systemic arteries arise from Y. X
Y
(b) Two parents are involved in reproduction.-Go B. Z transports oxygenated blood Z
to (iii) from lungs to the left atrium.
(ii) (a) The nucleus of the parent body divides only C. Y carries oxygenated blood from
once. - P lungs to right atrium.
(b) The nucleus of the parent body divides D. X carries deoxygenated blood from left atrium to
repeatedly. - Q lungs.
(iii) (a)  Fertilisation occurs outside parent body. - R
(b)  Fertilisation occurs inside parent body. - Go 42. Study the given experimental set up and select the
to (iv) correct option regarding it.
(iv) (a) Embryonic development occurs outside Boiling
parent body. - S tubes

(b) Embryonic development occurs inside parent Visking Visking


body. - T tubing P tubing Q

A. P occurs in Plasmodium while Q occurs in Amoeba. Distilled


water
B. In S, both the types of gametes are released from
the body while in T, only one type of gamete is 3 cm3 each of glucose 3 cm3 each of starch
solution and distilled water solution and digestive
released from the body. juice from pancreas
C. R involves only mitosis while S involves both mitosis A. Both glucose and starch are able to diffuse through
and meiosis. the Visking tubings into the boiling tubes.
D. In S, eggs are surrounded by protective calcareous B. Exosmosis of water from Visking tubing Q will take
shell while in T protective calcareous shell is place only after conversion of starch into glucose
absent around the eggs.
by digestive enzyme.
39. Read the following statements and select the correct C. Initially only the contents of Visking tubing Q will
option. give positive iodine test but after 30 minutes the
Statement 1: Pheromones are used as biological contents of both Visking tubings will give positive
method to control pest. iodine test.
Statement 2: Pheromones lure adult male insects into D. None of these
special traps and prevent them from breeding.
43. What is the major difference between a human skin
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2
cell and a human egg cell?
is the correct explanation of statement 1.
A. The egg cell has twice as many chromosomes as
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 is
not the correct explanation of statement 1. the skin cell.
C. Statement 1 is true but statement 2 is false. B. The egg cell has half as many chromosomes as the
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false. skin cell.
C. The skin cell has no genetic information in its
40. Refer to the given flow chart and select the incorrect chromosomes.
statement regarding P, Q, R and S.
No
D. Only the egg cell has a nucleus.
Gaseous pollutant P
Yes 44. Refer to the given table. Identify X, Y and Z and select
Causes green house Yes the correct statement.
Q
effect Fibres Source Absorption of water
No
No Combines with blood and Yes X Plant Moderate
Causes acid rain R
prevents it from carrying
Yes Y Animal High
oxygen
S Z Artificial Minimum
A. P could be particles of carbon which enter human
A. X is more suitable for summer clothing while
lungs.
Y is more suitable for winter clothing.
B. Excessive Q in atmosphere traps large amount
B. X is jute, Y is silk and Z is linen.
of Sun's heat and increases the Earth's temperature.
C. X on burning gives odour of burning hair whereas
C. S reacts with water present in the atmosphere to
form sulphuric acid. Y on burning gives odour of charred meat.
D. Catalytic converter converts Q and S into gas R. D. Both A and B

6 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


45. Refer to the given figures P, Q, R and S and select the A. Q and R show holozoic heterotrophic nutrition
correct statement regarding them. whereas P shows mixotrophic nutrition.
B. S is helpful in crop growth and increases capacity
of soil to hold water.
C. P and S use pseudopodia for feeding and locomotion.
D. In Q, cilia help in locomotion and catching prey
P Q R S while in R flagella help in locomotion.

ACHIEVERS SECTION

Direction (Q. No. 46 and 47): Read the given passage 49. Refer to the given paragraph where few words have
and select the correct option for the following questions. been italicised.
The sound returning back towards the source after suffering Hormones are produced by organs called endocrine
reflection from a distant obstacle like wall, hill etc. is called glands. These are ductless glands. Very small quantity of
an echo. A cracker is fired by a child. The child hears an different hormones is required by our body. Adrenaline
echo from a cliff 4 seconds after the sound produced by is secreted when we are stressed or excited. Liver
a cracker. The speed of sound in air at 20°C is 344 m s–1. regulates the sugar metabolism in the body by its
hormone insulin. Pineal glands secrete calcitonin
46. What is the minimum distance between the observer while thyroid glands secrete melatonin.
and the obstacle for echo to be heard? Select the correct option regarding these.
A. 17.2 m B. 15.2 m A. Insulin should be replaced by aldosterone.
C. 14.2 m D. 34.4 m B. Liver should not be replaced as it is correctly
mentioned.
47. How far is the cliff from the child? C. Positions of pineal and thyroid should be
A. 344 m B. 688 m interchanged.
C. 200 m D. 300 m D. Adrenaline should be replaced by progesterone.
48. Refer to the given graph 50. Ms Deepika conducted a few experiments to explain
Crop field X
representing two crop fields X the properties of metals and non-metals. She set up
% of crop yield

and Y that have been treated Crop field Y the experiments as shown in the given figure.
by different types of materials
Na
for nutrient replenishment, Mg Zn

keeping other environmental Time Cold


water
Cold
water
HCl (dil.)

factors same. (i) (ii) (iii)


Select the incorrect statements regarding these crop
fields X and Y. Sulphur Cu

A. Materials used for treating crop field X could be HCl (dil.) HCl (dil.)
organic substances while those used for Y could be (iv) (v)
inorganic substances. She noted her observations as :
B. Materials used for crop field X are nutrient specific I. No reaction will take place in beakers (iv) and (v).
while those used for crop field Y are not nutrient II. H2 gas will be evolved in beakers (i), (ii) and (iii).
specific. III. A vigorous reaction will take place in beaker (i)
C. Gradual decline in yield of crop field Y is due to while no reaction will occur in beaker (ii).
killing of useful soil microbes. IV. Two different gases will be evolved in beaker (iv).
D. Persistent yield of crop field X is due to replenishment The correct observations are
of nutrients by gradual decomposition of organic A. II, III, and IV only B. II and IV only
C. I and III only D. II and III only.
matter.
SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK

NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1 | 7


Class 8

Set B

Year 2017
LOGICAL REASONING

1. Find the odd one out. 7. Which of the following Venn diagrams best depicts the
relationship amongst, "Paddy, Wheat and Rabi-Crop"?
A. B. C. D.
A. B.
2. Three positions of a dice are shown. When 3 is at the
bottom, which number will be on the top?
C. D.
A. 4 5 4 6
B. 2 6 2
3 1 1 4 8.
Which of the following indicates similar relationship
C. 5
D. 6 as 'NORMAL' has with 'LMPOCN'?
A. RESCUE : PCQAWG B. BRANCH : DTCLAF
3. All the letters which occur at odd places in the word
C. NATION : LYRGMK D. FRIEND : DPGGPF
EXCITEMENT are placed at odd places such as
first letter is placed at third place, third letter at fifth 9. Group the given figures into
place and so on. Similarly, the letters at even places three classes on the basis of
are placed. Last two letters i.e., letter at odd place their identical properties using
is placed at first place and letter at even place is each figure only once.
placed at second place. Now, which of the following A. 1, 2, 3; 5, 7, 8; 4, 6, 9
letters will be seventh from the right end in the new B. 1, 2, 5; 3, 7, 8; 4, 6, 9
arrangement? C. 1, 2, 6; 3, 5, 7; 4, 8, 9
A. T B. E C. X D. M D. 1, 3, 5; 2, 7, 9; 4, 6, 8
4. Which of the following figures will complete the 10. Two rows of numbers are given. The resultant number
pattern given in Fig. (X)? in each row is to be worked out separately based on
the following rules and the question below the rows
of numbers is to be answered. The operations on
numbers progress from left to right.
? Rules:
(i) If an odd number is followed by a two digit even
Fig. (X)
number, then they are to be added.
A. B. C. D. (ii) If an odd number is followed by a two digit odd
number, then the first number is to be subtracted
from the second number.
5. If P $ Q means P is the father of Q, P # Q means P (iii) If an even number is followed by a number which
is the mother of Q and P * Q means P is the sister is a perfect square of a number, then the second
of Q, then N # L $ P * Q shows Q is ______ of N. number is to be divided by the first number.
A. Nephew B. Grandson (iv) If an even number is followed by a two digit even
C. Granddaughter D. Data inadequate number, then the first number is to be multiplied
by the second number.
6.
Find the water image of given combination of letters/ 4   12   144
numbers/symbols. 7   18    45
N56#38AB$& What is the product of the resultant numbers of both
N56#38AB$& the rows?
A. B. &$BA83#65N
C. D. A. 60 B. 80 C. 40 D. 90

SCIENCE

11. The given diagrams show three different circuits. In Which of the following options is true about the bulbs
each circuit, similar batteries and bulbs of the same 1, 2 and 3?
wattage are used. When the electric circuits are Bright Brighter Brightest
connected, all the bulbs light up. A. 1 2 3
B. 3 2 1
C. 2 3 1
1 2 3
D. 2 1 3

2 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


12. Read the given statements and select the correct option. A. (i) and (ii) only B. (ii) and (iii) only
Statement 1 : When deep-sea fish are brought to the C. (iii) and (iv) only D. (i) and (iv) only
surface of the sea, their bodies burst.
Statement 2 : Blood in the blood vessels of the 17. Study the displacement-
deep-sea fish flows at very high pressure. time graph of a toy car
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2 given here and choose the
is the correct explanation of statement 1. correct statement(s) from
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 is the following.
not the correct explanation of statement 1. A. T h e t o y c a r i s
C. Statement 1 is true but statement 2 is false. slowest during first
D. Statement 1 is false but statement 2 is true. 10 seconds.
B. The toy car is slowest in between 10 to 20 seconds.
13. T h e g i v e n g r a p h
C. The toy car is fastest during first 10 seconds.
shows the change in
temperature of water D. Both B and C.
with time as it is 18. A 100 N uniform rod of length 6L is supported by
brought to boil before two forces F1 and F2 as shown here. What is the ratio
being left to cool. for F1 to F2? Rod
Based on the graph, Time (minutes)
A. 2 : 1
which of the following
B. 1 : 2
statements are correct? L 2L
C. 3 : 1
(i) Evaporation only occurs from P to Q. F1 F2
D. 1 : 3
(ii) There is heat gain from P to R.
(iii) The water is boiled for 6 minutes. 19. Which of the following is an incorrect match?
(iv) Water exists in two different states between Q and R. Planet Time to orbit Time for one
A. (i) and (ii) only B. (ii) and (iv) only the sun rotation on its axis
C. (i) and (iii) only D. (ii), (iii) and (iv) only A. Jupiter 12 years 9 h 55 m
B. Mars 687 days 24 h 37 m
14. A sound is played on a flute. A sound of same pitch is
C. Venus 225 days 243 days
played on a trumpet. Which of the following correctly
D. Neptune 265 years 10 h 7 m
compares the two sound waves?
Frequency Speed 20. Which of the following statements is/are true?
A. Different Different (i) Rainbow is formed by the refraction of sunlight by
B. Different Same tiny droplets of water suspended in the air.
C. Same Different (ii) Apparent bending of a pencil half dipped in water
D. Same Same is because of refraction.
(iii) When light ray enters from air to water, it bends
15. The ray from a laser pointer Laser pointer
towards the normal.
hits a plane mirror and Screen
(iv) When two refracting surfaces of the glass slab is
the reflected ray strikes kept parallel to each other, the emerging light ray
8 cm
a screen. How far away R
will be parallel to the incident ray.
from point X should the 4 cm
X Mirror A. (i) only B. (ii) and (iii) only
ray strike the mirror to
cause the reflected ray to 24 cm C. (ii), (iii) and (iv) only D. (iv) only
hit point R? 21. The diagram shows an isolated sphere –
– –
A. 6 cm B. 12 cm X with its charge distribution. – X –
C. 16 cm D. 18 cm Another similar uncharged earthed sphere – –
Y is brought near sphere X. Which of –
16. Read the given statements and select the correct the following diagrams shows the final
option. charge distribution on both spheres?
(i) Lightning bolt occurs because air is a good conductor – – +
+ – + +
of electricity. – –
+ – – –

(ii) During lightning it is safe to take shelter under a A.


– X – +
Y
– B. – X – + Y +
– – + – – – + +
tree. – –

(iii) When a comb is run through dry hair, the comb – +


– – – –
acquires a negative charge.
C.
– X – + Y + D. None of these
(iv) When a glass rod is rubbed with silk cloth, glass – – – +

rod acquires positive charge.

NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1 | 3


22. A ball rolled on four wooden
surfaces of different roughness

Distance (cm)
P
when a similar push was applied Q
on it. The graph shows the distance R
travelled by the ball on the surfaces S
over time. Time (minute)
A. Solution X is soap solution and solution Y is vinegar.
Which of the following conclusion is/are correct? B. Solution X is nitric acid and solution Y is baking soda.
(i) Different magnitudes of the friction were produced
C. Solution X is carbonic acid and solution Y is sugar
when the ball was rolling on different wooden surfaces.
solution.
(ii) Surface Q is rougher than surface R.
D. None of these
(iii) Surface S has the least roughness.
A. (i) only B. (ii) only 28.
A brief information about a few substances is given as :
C. (iii) only D. (i) and (iii) only X : It is the residue left behind after destructive
distillation of coal.
23. Read the following passage and select the option
Y : It is a mixture of hydrogen, methane, carbon
which correctly fills the blanks.
monoxide and other gases.
If a metal wire is connected through a battery then
Z : It contains several carbon compounds which are
the conventional current in the wire flows
used to make pesticides, explosives, synthetic
from (i) terminal to (ii) terminal of the battery
fibres, perfumes, etc.
while the electronic current flows from (iii) terminal
to (iv) terminal of the battery. X, Y and Z are respectively
A. Kerosene, CNG and ammoniacal liquor
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
A. Positive Positive Negative Positive B. Bitumen, coal gas and coal tar
B. Positive Negative Negative Positive C. Coke, coal gas and coal tar
C. Negative Positive Negative Positive D. Petrol, CNG and bitumen.
D. Negative Negative Positive Negative
29. A science teacher has arranged a few test tubes as :
24. In an experiment to determine the speed of sound, a
student stands 150 m from a wall and claps. When
he claps once, what is the time interval between the
sound of the clap and its echo heard by the student,
in terms of v, the speed of sound?
150 m 200 m 300 m 335 m
A. B. C. D.
v v v v
25. The artificial satellites sent into space by India in
ascending order of their launching dates are
A. APPLE, EDUSAT, ROHINI, INSAT 4B
B. EDUSAT, ROHINI, APPLE, INSAT 4B
C. ROHINI, APPLE, EDUSAT, INSAT 4B Which of the following statements is incorrect about
D. INSAT 4B, EDUSAT, APPLE, ROHINI. the given experimental set-up?
A. Turmeric solution turns red in test tubes 1 and 3.
26. Read the given passage and fill in the blanks by B. China rose indicator turns green in test tubes 2 and 4.
choosing an appropriate option. C. Methyl orange turns yellow in test tubes 1 and 3.
Metals have high densities except (i) which can even D. Phenolphthalein remains colourless in test tubes
float on water. Metals are malleable and ductile. (ii) 2 and 4.
are the most malleable and ductile metals. All metals
conduct heat and electricity. (iii) is the best conductor 30. Four experimental set-ups are shown in the given
figure.
while (iv) is a poor conductor.
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
A. K and Ca Fe and Cu Al Ag
B. Cu and Pb Cu and Al Cu Au
C. Na and K Au and Ag Ag Hg
D. Na and Mg Zn and Cu Zn Na
27. Observe the given experimental set-up carefully and
choose the correct statement.

4 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


No reaction will take place in beaker(s) (ii) Synthesising lipids
A. II only B. I and IV only (iii) Packaging of materials synthesised in cell
C. I and II only D. III and IV only. (iv) Secreting digestive enzymes
P Q R S
31. Study the given Venn diagram carefully and identify A. (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)
points 1, 2 and 3. B. (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
C. (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
Chemical 1 Physical D. (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)
change change
2 35. Refer to the given flow chart and select the correct
3
Slow statement regarding P, Q, R, S and T.
change No P
It is a natural fibre.
Yes
1 2 3 It is obtained from plants.
Yes Q
A. Burning of a Tarnishing of Bursting No
kerosene wick silver jewellery of balloon It is obtained from animals.
No R
stove Yes
B. Setting of milk to Extraction of Slaking
The source organism is harmed No S
form curd metals by of lime in fibre obtaining process.
electrolysis Yes
C. Burning of LPG Rusting of iron Evaporation T
in kitchen of water (i) Q is cellulosic whereas S is proteinaceous in nature.
D. Burning of a Breaking of Depletion of (ii) S could be obtained from a viviparous animal
candle glass ozone layer whereas T could be obtained from an oviparous
animal with four stages in its life cycle.
32. Shreya, a class 8 student listed the properties and P and S are non-biodegradable fibres.
(iii)
uses of a few fibres in the given table. (iv) P and R are petroleum based fibres.
Fibre Properties Used for making (v) Organisms providing S generally inhabit desert lands
W Absorbs moisture, can be Reinforced tyres, whereas those providing Q generally inhabit polar
woven like silk fibres bandages regions.
X Soft like wool, less expensive Blankets, shawls A. (i), (ii) and (iii) only B. (i) and (ii) only
and does not shrink
C. (i), (iv) and (v) only D. (i), (ii), (iv) and (v) only
Y Strong, long lasting, water Dress material,
and wrinkle-resistant soft drink bottles 36. Refer to the given Venn diagram.
Z Elastic, very strong, light and Socks, fishing nets Identify the food components X Digestion Digestion
in
wrinkle-resistant in mouth stomach
and Y, and select the incorrect
statement regarding them. X Y
W, X, Y and Z are respectively
A. Rayon, acrylic, polyester and nylon A. Excess of X could be Digestion
in small
B. Wool, cotton, nylon and acrylic stored in the cells of liver. intestine
C. Polyester, cotton, nylon and rayon B. Pancreas secretes digestive juices which acts on Y
D. Acrylic, polyester, cotton and nylon. only.
C. Y could be a food component required for body
33. Which of the following statements are correct? building and repair of damaged tissues or a food
I. Yellow flames are ideal for heating. component that cannot be digested properly in the
II. The substances which vaporise during burning give body if liver stops manufacturing bile.
flames. D. Products of digestion of Y could be glycerol and
III. Luminous zone contains unburnt carbon particles. fatty acids.
IV. The non-luminous zone has the highest temperature.
A. I, II and III only B. II and IV only 37. Refer to the given figure. Identify P – S and select
C. II, III and IV only D. I, III and IV only the correct statements regarding them.
(i) If both P are surgically
34. Refer to the given ultrastructure removed from a female's
of an animal cell. Identify the body then she will not
S
labelled parts (P–S), match them menstruate but can still
with their functions and select produce eggs.
the correct option. (ii) R is a very small organ in a female which serves
(i) Synthesising proteins from as a site of formation, implantation and further
amino acids development of zygote.

NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1 | 5


(iii) When embryo implants and develops in Q, it 41. Refer to the given food web and select
is removed by medication or invasive surgical the correct statement regarding it.
procedures as it could be life threatening for mother. (i) N could be a herbivore whereas O
(iv) Labelled part S receives sperms and also serves as could be an omnivore.
birth canal. (ii) Stability of this food web will be affected if entire
A. (iii) and (iv) only B. (i) and (iv) only population of organism L is removed from the
C. (i) and (ii) only D. (i), (ii) and (iv) only community where this food web is functional.
38. Refer to the given schematic (iii) K is a saprophyte which plays an important role in
representation of circulation in recycling of nutrients.
humans. Identify X, Y and Z (iv) There are eight interconnected food chains in the
and select the correct statement X Y given food web.
regarding them. (v) N serves as secondary as well as tertiary consumer
Z
A. In the absence of Z in body, in the given food web.
nutrient uptake by body cells A. (i) and (ii) only
will remain unaffected but elimination of waste B. (ii), (iv) and (v) only
from body cells will not take place. C. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) only
B. Y has no valves while X has valves to prevent D. (i) and (iii) only
backward flow of blood. 42. Refer to the given list of fruits/seeds.
C. X is vena cava that carries deoxygenated blood from
body parts to the left atrium of heart. (i) Hiptage (ii) Acer (iii) Xanthium
D. Through Y, the medicines reach the heart from where (iv) Urena (v) Coconut (vi) Dandelion
they are pumped all over the body. (vii) Lotus (viii) Balsam (ix) Pea
(x) Guava
39. Which of the following statements are correct? Select the option which correctly matches these
(i) Water logging increases the amount of salt in the fruits/seeds with their dispersal agents, wind (P),
soil that reduces soil fertility. water (Q), animals (R) and explosion (S).
(ii) 2, 4-D, MCPA and butachlor are common weedicides. P Q R S
(iii) Leguminous crops (like pea and beans) cannot be A. (i), (ix), (v) (vii), (viii) (iii), (iv), (x) (ii), (vi)
grouped in combination with cereals (like wheat
B. (i), (ii), (ix) (v), (vii) (iii), (iv), (x) (vi), (viii)
and rice) under mixed cropping as both use large
C. (i), (iii), (viii) (v), (vii) (ii), (iv), (x) (vi), (ix)
amount of nitrogen from the soil.
D. (i), (ii), (vi) (v), (vii) (iii), (iv), (x) (viii), (ix)
(iv) Manures provide specific nutrients to the soil.
(v) Paddy, maize, cotton and groundnut are examples 43. Select the pair of diseases that are caused by contaminated
of kharif crops while wheat, gram, pea and mustard water.
are examples of rabi crops. A. Cholera and typhoid
A. (i), (iv) and (v) only B. (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) only B. Diarrhoea and common cold
C. (i), (ii) and (v) only D. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) only C. Pneumonia and typhoid
D. Malaria and pneumonia
40. Rectify the given statements by replacing the underlined
words and select the correct option. 44. Read the given paragraph and select the correct option
(i) The viscous fluid present in the nucleus is called regarding P, Q, R and S.
cytoplasm. According to Red list of International Union for
(ii) Vacuoles are rod shaped structures which oxidise Conservation of Nature (IUCN), P is an extinct
food to provide energy. animal, Q is an endangered animal, R is a vulnerable
(iii) Mitochondria contain green pigment chlorophyll animal whereas S is a critically endangered animal.
and take part in photosynthesis.   P   Q  R  S
(iv) Lysosomes take part in synthesis of proteins. A. Olive ridley Passenger Asian Giant
A. (i)-Nucleoplasm, (ii)-Lysosomes, turtle pigeon elephant panda
(iii)-Plastids, (iv)-Centrosomes B. Passenger Golden Giant Silvery
B. (i)-Protoplasm, (ii)-Ribosomes, pigeon langur panda pigeon
(iii)-Centrosomes, (iv)-Golgi bodies C. Dodo Indian Sloth Blue
C. (i)-Nucleoplasm, (ii)-Mitochondria, rhinoceros bear whale
(iii)-Chloroplasts, (iv)-Ribosomes D. Silvery Chinkara Desert Two
D. (i)-Protoplasm, (ii)-Plastids, pigeon kangaroo banded
(iii)-Chloroplasts, (iv)-Ribosomes rat chameleon

6 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


45. The period of crop harvesting is celebrated with A. Pongal, Holi, Diwali, Nabanna
great joy and happiness in all parts of India. Special B. Diwali, Christmas, Eid, Pongal
festivals are associated with the harvest season. Which C. Pongal, Eid, Holi, Nabanna
among the following group of festivals is associated D. Pongal, Baisakhi, Eid, Nabanna
with harvest season?

ACHIEVERS SECTION

Direction (Q. No. 46 and 47): Refer P I. (a) It is unicellular organism. – Go to II


to the given passage and answer the (b) It is multicellular organism. – Go to IV
Q
following questions. II. (a) It possesses well organised nucleus. – Go to III
R
The given figure shows a plane (b) It lacks well organised nucleus. – P
S
mirror X placed in front of a torch. A 25°
III. (a) Nutrition is parasitic. – Q
small cardboard piece Y with a hole
(b) Nutrition is mixotrophic. – R
is illuminated by the torch as shown Y
IV. (a) It possesses chlorophyll. – S
in the figure. Drawn to scale
X (b) It lacks chlorophyll. – T
46. At which point should the eye be placed so that the A. P can convert lactose sugar of milk into lactic acid.
reflected ray from the mirror X can be seen? B. R could be Euglena which possesses cilia that helps
A. P B. Q in movement.
C. R D. S C. Q could be Plasmodium which causes malaria
or it could be Entamoeba which causes amoebic
47. If you place a sufficiently long mirror Z perpendicular dysentery in humans.
to mirror X then the angle of reflection for the ray
D. S could be a plant like pondweed whereas T could
reflected from mirror Z will be
be a scavenger like vulture or a decomposer like
A. 25° B. 45° Rhizopus.
C. 65° D. 115°
50. Refer to the given graph representing the blood glucose
48. The given figure represents a concentration of two persons X and Y after eating a meal.
fractionating column used in [Note : Both persons X and Y are not under any medication.]
refineries.
Which of the following 200
Blood glucose

180
concentration

statements are correct? X


(mg/dL)

160
I. Substance U has the highest 140
boiling point among all the 120
100 Y
fractions while substance 80
Z has the lowest boiling 1 2 3 4 5
Time(Hour)
point.
Select the incorrect statement(s) regarding blood
II. Substance U is used as a domestic fuel while glucose concentration in both the persons X and Y.
substance Z is used for lubrication. (i) Both persons X and Y had insulin released into their
III. U, V, W and X all are used as fuels. blood stream by their pancreas after the meal.
IV. V is used in power stations while X is used as a fuel (ii) Person X is healthy individual while person Y can
for lamps and stoves. be hypoglycemic.
(iii) Lowering of blood glucose level in X is brought
A. I and IV only B. II and III only
about by utilisation of glucose in respiration and
C. I, III and IV only D. I, II, III and IV
excretion through urine.
49. Refer to the given dichotomous key. Identify P –T A. (ii) and (iii) only B. (i) only
and select the incorrect statement. C. (i) and (iii) only D. (i) and (ii) only

SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK

NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1 | 7


Class 8

Set A

Year 2018
LOGICAL REASONING

1. Select a figure from the options which will continue 7.


How many 8’s are there in the given series, which are
the series as established by the Problem Figures. immediately preceded by a number which does not
Problem Figures divide it but followed by a number which divides it?
48282838588532823847158382
86886
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
F 8. There is a certain relationship between the figures (i)
A. B.
U and (ii). Establish the same relationship between figures
(iii) and (iv) by selecting a suitable figure from the
given options which will replace the (?) in fig. (iv).
C. D.

2. If in a certain code language, ACNE is coded as


3 5 16 7, then how will PAIR be coded in the same
language?
A. 18 3 11 20 B. 18 3 11 25 A. B.
C. 13 4 11 18 D. 15 4 19 27
3. Count the number of triangles in
the given figure. C. D.
A. 43
B. 46
C. 42 9. In the question below, two statements followed by two
D. None of these conclusions numbered I and II are given. You have to
take the two given statements to be true even if they
4. Find the missing number, if same rule is followed in seem to be at variance of commonly known facts and
all the three figures.
decide which of the conclusion(s) logically follow(s)
A. 35 from the two given statements, disregarding commonly
B. 25 25 30 ?
known facts.
C. 28
15 20 18 24 21 28 Statements : Some books are papers.
D. 30
Some papers are notebooks.
5. Select the correct water image of the Conclusions : I. Some papers are books.
given figure.
II. Some notebooks are papers.
A. Only conclusion I follows
A. B. 
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Neither I nor II follows
D. Both I and II follow
C. D.
10. Select a figure from the options which will complete
the given figure.
6. Which of the following interchanges in signs makes
the given statement true? A. B.  ?
5 × 15 ÷ 7 – 20 + 4 = 77
A. – and + B. + and × C. D.
C. ÷ and + D. ÷ and ×

SCIENCE

11. Which of the following statements is/are always true II. When the object is placed away from the lens,
regarding a converging lens? image gets smaller.
I. When the object is placed nearer to the focal point, III. When the object is placed very far away from the
the image gets bigger. lens, the image distance approaches focal length.

2 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


A. I and II only B. II and III only 12 40 × 50
C. I and III only D. II only A. B.
40 × 50 12
12. Which sound wave shown here is high-pitched but soft? 40 × 2 × 50 40 × 2 × 12
C. D.
12 50
A. B. 18. A student performed experiments taking similar bulbs
and cells, but two different solutions I and II as shown
in the figure.

C. D.

13. The diagram shows the water levels Solution I Solution II


Gas G (P) (Q)
in a water manometer which is She found that the bulb in the set-up P glows more
used to measure the pressure brightly as compared to that of the set-up Q. You would
of gas G in cm of water. (Figure conclude that
20 cm

Water
is not drawn to the scale.)
14 cm
A. Higher current is flowing through the circuit in
8 cm

What is the pressure of gas G?


set-up P as compared to set-up Q
A. 6 cm of water more than the
atmospheric pressure B. Higher current is flowing through the circuit in
B. 8 cm of water more than the atmospheric pressure set-up Q as compared to set-up P
C. 6 cm of water less than the atmospheric pressure C. Equal current is flowing through both the circuits.
D. 8 cm of water less than the atmospheric pressure D. The current flowing through the circuits in the two
set-ups cannot be compared in this manner.
14. Different weights P, Q and R were hung on a spring
as shown in the figure. 19. A plane mirror forms a virtual image. The distance
between Mahima and her image in a plane mirror is
15 cm
17 cm
10 m. How much distance should she move in order
22 cm to get the distance of 5 m between herself and her
P image?
Q P A. 2.5 m away from the mirror
R P B. 2.5 m towards the mirror
Q C. 5 m away from the mirror
R D. 5 m towards the mirror
Which of the following represents the length of the
spring when only weight P is hung on the spring? 20. Read the given statements and select the correct option.
A. 7 cm B. 10 cm C. 17 cm D. 22 cm Statement 1 : When an object is placed between two
plane parallel mirrors, then all the images formed are
15. Which one of the following is a right arrangement? of unequal intensity.
A. Rolling friction > static friction > sliding friction Statement 2 : In case of plane parallel mirrors, only
B. Sliding friction < static friction < rolling friction two images are possible.
C. Rolling friction > static friction < sliding friction A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2
D. Static friction > sliding friction > rolling friction is the correct explanation of statement 1.
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 is
16. The force that is responsible for revolution of the earth
around the sun is not the correct explanation of statement 1.
C. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false.
A. Electric force B. Magnetic force
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
C. Electromagnetic force D. Gravitational force.
17. In an experiment to measure the speed of sound in 21. Which coil produces the strongest electromagnet for
air, a boy stands 40 m away from a wall and bangs a given flow of current?
two pieces of wood together. At the instant he hears A. A 10 cm coil with 100 turns
the echo, he bangs them together again. He does this B. A 5 cm coil with 200 turns
activity 50 times. The time taken for 50 bangs is C. A 10 cm coil with 200 turns
12 s. Which calculation gives the speed of sound in air? D. A 20 cm coil with 200 turns

NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1 | 3


22. According to the given speed- v III. Natural gas is a cleaner fuel, on burning it does not
time (v-t) graph, what happens produce any ash or smoke.
to the distance covered by the Graph of car IV. Natural gas is an exhaustible source of energy like
moving on a
car from 0-10 minutes? straight road fossil fuels.
The correct statements are
A. It goes on increasing. t (min)
B. It goes on decreasing. A. I and III only B. II and III only
0 5 10
C. I and IV only D. I, III and IV only.
C. It first increases and then decreases.
D. It first decreases and then increases. 27. Rishab has arranged the following set-ups to study the
process of rusting.
23. Neha conducted an experiment as shown in the diagram.
Cotton
NaCl (aq.) Water wool Water
20 Nickel coin
Iron nail Iron nail Iron nail Iron nail
Paper Aluminium Anhydrous Copper
coil calcium
(i) (ii) (iii) chloride (iv)
She placed a nickel coin on a piece
Iron nail will rust in test tubes
of paper and heated them over a Scorched
flame. After one minute, she area A. (ii) and (iii) only B. (i) and (ii) only
observed that some parts of the C. (iii) and (iv) only D. (i) and (iv) only.
paper was scorched as shown in the diagram here. 28. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
She repeated the experiment with a glass coin placed A. Gold and silver are the most malleable and ductile
on the paper. Which of the following best represents metals.
the possible outcome of the experiment? B. All metals are hard and strong.
C. Mercury and gallium are metals which exist in liquid
Scorched state at room temperature.
A. B. area
D. Most of the metals have high specific gravities.
29. Match the following columns for the flame of a candle.
C. D. Column I Column II Column III
(Part) (Zone) (Colour)
P. Hottest part (i) Innermost zone of (x) Blue
24. While drinking a soft drink with the help of a straw, unburnt wax vapours
the pressure in the straw is _______ and the pressure Q. Moderately (ii) Middle zone of (y) Black
in the bottle is _______.
hot part partial combustion
A. High, less B. High, high
R. Least hot part (iii) Outermost zone of (z) Yellow
C. Less, less D. Less, high complete combustion
25. Match column I with column II and select the correct A. P-(iii), (y); Q-(i), (z); R-(ii), (x)
option from the given codes. B. P-(ii), (x); Q-(iii), (y); R-(i), (z)
Column I Column II C. P-(iii), (x); Q-(ii), (z); R-(i), (y)
P. When a body changes (i) Non-uniform motion D. P-(i), (z); Q-(iii), (x); R-(ii), (y)
its position with time
Q. Interval between two (ii) Motion 30. Following statements are given by four students :
events Rashmi : Sodium chloride is an acidic salt whereas
R. SI unit of speed (iii) Time washing soda is a basic salt.
S. Unequal distance in (iv) metre per second Akshi : The aqueous solution of sugar does not change
equal interval of time the colour of either red litmus solution or blue litmus
A. P - (iii), Q - (iv), R - (i), S - (ii) solution.
B. P - (iii), Q - (i), R - (ii), S - (iv) Reema : Tamarind tastes sour whereas baking soda
is bitter in taste.
C. P - (ii), Q - (iii), R - (iv), S - (i)
Shristi : Apple juice does not change the colour of
D. P - (ii), Q - (iv), R - (iii), S - (i)
red litmus solution.
26. Consider the following statements : The incorrect statement(s) is/are given by
I. Natural gas can be supplied to homes and factories A. Reema and Shristi only
through pipes. B. Rashmi only
II. Natural gas is obtained by fractional distillation of C. Akshi and Reema only
petroleum. D. Akshi and Shristi only.

4 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


31. Read the given statements and select the correct option. Which of the given differences are incorrect?
Statement 1 : Bakelite is used for making electric
Manures Fertilisers
switches and plugs.
Statement 2 : It is a thermosetting polymer and an (i) They are not easily They are soluble in water
insulator. soluble in water. So and are absorbed by the
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2 they are not eas ily plants easily.
is the correct explanation of statement 1. absorbed by the roots
of the plants.
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 is
(ii) These are inorganic These are organic
not the correct explanation of statement 1.
substances. substances.
C. Statement 1 is true but statement 2 is false.
(iii) Excessive use does not Excessive use can
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false. harm the soil texture, change the chemical
32. Find the incorrect match. they provide humus to composition of the soil
A. CuSO4 + H2S CuS + H2SO4 the soil. and also pollutes water.
– Double displacement reaction (iv) They restore the soil They may damage the
B. C + 2S CS2 – Endothermic reaction texture and help in soil texture.
C. NH4OH + HCl NH4Cl + H2O water retention.
– Neutralisation reaction (v) These are nutrient These are not nutrient
D. Cl2 + H2 2HCl specific. specific.
– Hydrogen is acting as an oxidising agent A. (ii) and (v) only B. (i), (ii) and (v) only
C. (iii) and (iv) only D. (i), (iii) and (v) only
33. Which of the following statements is/are incorrect?
I. Perspex is thermoplastic which is transparent like 37. Identify the parts of female reproductive system from
glass but is much stronger. the given statements and select the correct option.
II. Nylon thread cannot support more weight as P : It receives sperms.
compared to steel wire of same dimensions. Q : Here zygote develops into a baby.
III. Polyester and nylon on burning give smell of burning R : Ovum gets fertilised here.
hair. S : It produces female gamete.
IV. Terylene, a synthetic fibre, can be used instead of P Q R S
wool. A. Vagina Uterus Oviduct Ovary
A. II, III and IV only B. II and IV only B. Uterus Vagina Oviduct Ovary
C. I only D. I, II, III and IV C. Uterus Oviduct Ovary Vagina
34. Given below is a list of few chemicals that are used D. Vagina Oviduct Uterus Ovary
for protection of crops.
38. Refer to the given figure and select the incorrect
(i) Dalapon (ii) Butachlor
statement regarding labelled parts W, X, Y and Z.
(iii) Malathion (iv) Simazine
(v) Disyston (vi) Gammexane W
How many of these are used as insecticides?
X
A. 3 B. 4 C. 2 D. 5
35. Refer to the given figures and select the incorrect
Y
statement regarding them.
Z

L M N O A. Deficiency of hormone released by W could result


A.
L could be Pseudomonas that helps in biodegradation in retarded growth of the body.
of organic pollutants. B. Deficiency of hormone released by X during
B.
M could be Vibrio cholerae that causes cholera in childhood could cause mental impairment and
human beings. reduced growth whereas in adults it leads to reduced
C.
N could be Treponema pallidum that causes syphilis metabolism.
in human beings. C. Deficiency of hormone released by Y could negatively
D.
O could be Lactobacillus that helps in curdling of affect development of gametes and differentiation of
milk. secondary sexual characters in males and females.
D. Deficiency of hormone released by Z may cause
36. Following are the differences between manures and a rise in blood sugar level leading to a condition
fertilisers. called diabetes mellitus.

NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1 | 5


39. Select the incorrect statement. A.
X is the chamber where partially chewed food is
I. Sulphur dioxide gas combines with haemoglobin stored temporarily.
of blood and prevents transport of oxygen by it. B.
W is the chamber which is often referred to as true
II. Methane, nitrous oxide and water vapour present stomach which leads to small intestine.
in atmospheric air contribute to global warming. C.
X is the chamber where anaerobic bacteria help in
III. Lead emitted by automobile exhaust could cause breakdown of cellulose.
brain damage. D.
Y is the chamber where protein is digested with the
IV. Oxides of sulphur and nitrogen present in air could help of enzymes.
affect lungs.
A. I only B. I and IV only 43. Refer to the given experimental set-ups a and b and
C. I, II and IV only D. I and III only select the correct option regarding gases X and Y.

40. Identify P, Q, R and S in Y


the given Venn diagram Bounded by Present X Black box
and select the incorrect double P in plant
membrane cell
option regarding them. S
R
A. P could be a colourless Q Water Water
organelle that helps Present in
An aquatic plant
to store reserve food animal cell
a b
in the form of lipids,
carbohydrates and A.
X could be a gas that causes global warming.
proteins. B.
Y could be a gas that is fixed in carbohydrate by
B. Q could be an organelle that is involved in formation plants during photosynthesis.
of spindle during cell division. C.
X could be a gas that is used in fire extinguishers.
C. R could be an organelle that contains genetic Y could be a gas that is present in largest proportion
D.
material organised as DNA along with proteins to in atmospheric air.
form chromosomes.
D. S could be an organelle that produces energy currency 44. Refer to the given figures showing seeds/fruits of three
of the cell, ATP through cellular respiration. different plants.

41. Match column I with column II and select the correct


option from the given codes. (There can be more than
one match for column I.)
Column I Column II X Y Z
(a) Green algae (i) Gelidium Select the option which contains plants that can replace
(b) Red algae (ii) Chlamydomonas X, Y and Z, respectively based on the mode of dispersal
(c) Blue-green algae (iii) Nostoc of their seeds.
(d) Brown algae (iv) Polysiphonia X Y Z
(v) Ulothrix A. Lotus Beans Calotropis
(vi) Anabaena B. Castor Coconut Acer
(vii) Sargassum C. Dandelion Balsam Urena
(viii) Fucus
D. Mango Cotton Maize
A. (a)-(ii, v), (b)-(i, vi), (c)-(iii, iv), (d)-(vii, viii)
B. (a)-(ii, v), (b)-(i, iv), (c)-(iii, vi), (d)-(vii, viii) 45. Which of the following graphs shows the likely
C. (a)-(ii, vii), (b)-(i, iv), (c)-(iii, vi), (d)-(v, viii) relationship between the percentage of pollution to
D. (a)-(ii, v), (b)-(iii, iv), (c)-(i, vi), (d)-(vii, viii) the population of people in a particular town?

42. Identify W, X and Y in the given figure and select the


% of pollution

% of pollution

incorrect option regarding them. A. B.


W X
Population Population
of people of people
% of pollution

% of pollution

C. D.
Population Population
of people of people
Y

6 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1


ACHIEVERS SECTION

Direction (Q. No. 46 and 47) : Read the given passage and II. In beaker ‘Q’, no reaction takes place.
select the correct option for the following questions. III. In beaker ‘R’, if ‘Y’ is aluminium then reaction will
Figures show a negatively charged rod, an uncharged metal take place.
sphere on an insulating stand and a connection to the earth. IV. In beaker ‘R’, if ‘Y’ is tin then reaction will take
Uncharged metal Connection to place.
sphere earth
A. I only B. II and IV only
Charged rod C. I and III only D. I, II, III and IV
49. Refer to the given flow chart and select the correct
option regarding P, Q, R and S.
Species included in No
The given apparatus is used to charge the metal sphere the Red Data Book.
P
positively. At the end of the charging process, the metal Yes
sphere has a charge of 15 C. The charging process takes 5 s. It is categorised as an Yes
Q
endangered species.
46. Charging of the metal sphere involves different steps No
as shown below. Species likely to
+ + – become endangered Yes R
+ +
+
– in near future.
+ –
+ + – No
I. II. S
A.
P could be wild buffalo whereas Q could be chinkara.
+
+ B.
Q could be golden langur whereas S could be
++ +
+ + +
+ passenger pigeon.
+++
III. IV. C.
R could be Hawaiian crow whereas S could be
Asiatic lion.
D.
Q could be Asiatic wild ass whereas R could be
Arrange these steps in correct order to charge the metal Tibetan antelope.
sphere. 50. The given graph shows the blood examination report
A. I, II, III, IV B. II, IV, III, I of Mr X.
C. II, IV, I, III D. I, III, II, IV Key :
Platelets
47. If average current is defined as net charge flowing (normal range) WBC
Blood cell count

per unit time, then find the average current in the RBC Platelets
charging process. (normal range)
5s RBC
A. 15 C × 5 s B. WBC
15 C (normal range)
15 × 2 C 15 C
C. D.
5s 5s Blood sample of Mr X

48. Observe the given figure carefully. What can be inferred about the condition of Mr X?
Iron Zinc Metal ‘Y’ A. Mr X is anaemic as his RBC count is slightly more
than the normal reference range.
Aqueous Aqueous Aqueous B. Mr X lives in plains and has recently gone to some
solution of solution of solution of higher altitude place where he has successfully
copper (II) iron (II) zinc (II)
ions ions acclimatised with the prevailing conditions.
ions (Q) (R)
(P) C. Mr X is suffering from an infection like dengue as
Select the correct statement(s) from the following. his platelet count is very high.
I. In beaker ‘P’, blue colour of solution changes to D. Mr X has delayed blood clotting and continues to
green colour. bleed even from a minor cut.

SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK

NSO | Class-8 | Set-A | Level 1 | 7


Class 8

Set B

Year 2018
LOGICAL REASONING

1. Find the figure from the options which will continue 6. Dilip’s position from the left in a row of students
the same series as established by the Problem Figures. is 10th and Jagdish’s position is 20th from the right.
Problem Figures Both of them interchange their positions and Jagdish
X S O X becomes 23rd from the right. How many students are
= C S = S there in the row?
O X = X S A. 33 B. 44 C. 32 D. 42
T S T S S
7. There is a certain relationship between the figures (i)
A. B. C. D.
T and (ii). Establish the same relationship between the
figures (iii) and (iv) by selecting a suitable figure from
2. If in a certain code language, ‘men are very busy’ is the options which will replace the (?) in figure (iv).
written as ‘1234’, ‘busy persons need encouragement’
is written as ‘4567’, ‘encouragement is very important’
is written as ‘3589’ and ‘important persons are rare’
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
is written as ‘2680’, then how will ‘encouragement’
be written in that language? # # #
A. + B. + C. D.
A.
5 B. 6 C. 8 D. 9 + $ #
3. Select the correct water image of the given figure.
8. If ‘D’ denotes ‘equal to’; ‘ ’ denotes ‘not equal to’;
P ‘+’ denotes ‘greater than’; ‘–’ denotes ‘less than’;
‘×’ denotes ‘not greater than’; ‘÷’ denotes ‘not less
R
R R than’ then a – b – c implies _______.
P P A. a – b + c B. b + a – c
A. B. C. D.
P P C. c × b + a D. None of these
R R
9. If ‘A × B’ means that ‘A is the sister of B’, ‘A ÷ B’
4. How many pairs of letters are there in the word
means that ‘A is the daughter of B’, ‘A – B’ means
‘CONTEMPORARY’ which have as many letters
that ‘A is the son of B’, then how is P related to S in
between them in the word as in the English alphabets?
relationship P – Q × R ÷ S ?
A. Three B. Two
A. Brother B. Son
C. Four D. More than four C. Grandson D. None of these
5. Two positions of a dice are given. What number will 10. Count the number of triangles in the given figure.
be on the face opposite to the face having number 5?
A. 25
A. 1 6 5 B. 23
B. 3 4 3
C. 4 3 1 C. 27
D. 2 D. None of these

SCIENCE

11. The diagram shows what happens when weights of 12. Which of the following light rays behaves correctly
different masses are placed on the same spring. when it passes through the converging lens?
Key : I
1 kg
30 cm 26 cm  2 kg
20 cm 4 kg F F
I II III III II
Which of the following is the original length of the IV
spring? Converging lens
A. 20 cm B. 26 cm C. 36 cm D. 50 cm A. I B. II C. III D. IV

2 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


13. The speed-time graphs Speed (m s–1) 18. Match column I with column II and select the correct
for three moving vehicles option from the given codes :
10
I, II and III are shown I Column I Column II
here. If x, y and z are the III P. Bulb (i) Chemical effect of current
5
distances travelled by I, Q. Electrolyte (ii) Heating effect of current
II and III respectively in II R. Electroplating (iii) Conducting solution
0 Time (s)
8 s, then which of the 8 A. P - (i), Q - (ii), R - (iii) B. P - (iii), Q - (i), R - (ii)
following comparisons is correct? C. P - (i), Q - (iii), R - (ii) D. P - (ii), Q - (iii), R - (i)
A. x > y = z B. x > y > z
19. What is the best thing to do when strong winds are
C. x = y < z D. x < y < z blowing over a hut having a weak thatched roof ?
14. Arrange the following planets in decreasing order of A. Open the doors and windows.
time required to complete one revolution around the B. Close the doors and windows.
sun. C. Make holes in the roof.
(i) Earth (ii) Uranus (iii) Mars (iv) Jupiter D. Burn wood inside.
A. (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) B. (i), (iii), (iv), (ii) 20. A body goes 20 km east, then 10 km north, then
C. (iv), (iii), (ii), (i) D. (ii), (iv), (iii), (i) 50 km west and then 30 km east. Find the displacement
of the body from the initial position.
15. The given figure shows
a gas trapped in A. 0 km B. 20 km C. 10 km D. 110 km
X
part X of an apparatus 150 mm 21. Read the given statements and select the correct option.
80 mm Gas
containing mercury. Statement 1 : The amount of heat produced in a current
If the atmospheric Mercury carrying wire does not depend on its material.
300 mm
pressure is 760 mm Hg, Statement 2 : If a large current passes through the
then what is the pressure filament of an electric bulb, then the filament may
of the gas? (Figure is not drawn to the scale.) become so hot that it may even melt and break.
A. 80 mm Hg B. 150 mm Hg A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2
C. 300 mm Hg D. 910 mm Hg is the correct explanation of statement 1.
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 is
16. Three plotting compasses are placed close to a current not the correct explanation of statement 1.
carrying wire wrapped around an insulator as shown C. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false.
in the figure. D. Statement 1 is false and statement 2 is true.
Plotting compasses
22. David is observing his image in a plane mirror. The
distance between the mirror and his image is 4 m. If
he moves 1 m towards the mirror, then the distance
between David and his image will be
A. 3 m B. 5 m C. 6 m D. 8 m
How many compass needles will change direction if 23. A laboratory thermometer gave the reading of –1°C
the current through the wire is increased? (Ignore the and 99°C when inserted into melting ice and boiling
effect of the earth’s magnetic field.) water respectively, both at standard atmospheric
A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3 pressure. What is the error when the same thermometer
is used to measure the difference between two arbitrary
17. Consider the given statements and select the option temperatures?
which correctly identifies true (T) and false (F) ones. A. –1°C B. 1°C C. 0°C D. 2°C
(i) When a body is in steady motion on a surface, the
24. An object of weight W is pulled along a rough horizontal
force of friction is dynamic friction.
surface by a force F. The force of friction is Fr. Which
(ii) The force of friction between two bodies always
diagram correctly shows the direction of these forces
acts parallel to the surfaces in contact with each other. on the object?
(iii) It is easier to push a lawn roller than to pull. F
(iv) Limiting friction is greater than sliding friction. W F
A. B.
Fr
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
A. T F T F Fr
W
B. F T F T F
Fr F
C. T T T F C. D.
Fr
D. T T F T W W

NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1 | 3


25. Match column I with column II and select the correct
option from the given codes. Fe
Zn X
Column I Column II Solution Solution Solution
of sulphate of sulphate of sulphate
P. Bulb (i)
Set-up I of X Set-up II of X Set-up III of Y
Q. Cell (ii) Metals X and Y are respectively
R. Battery (iii) A. Al and Ag B. Cu and Mg
S. Wire (iv) C. Ag and Cu D. Cu and Ag
30. Select the correct option for the given statements.
T. Open switch (v)
I. Plastics are generally good conductors of electricity.
A. P - (ii), Q - (iii), R - (v), S - (i), T - (iv) II. Ropes made by bakelite are used in cranes and
B. P - (v), Q - (iv), R - (ii), S - (i), T - (iii) elevators.
C. P - (v), Q - (ii), R - (iv), S - (i), T - (iii) III. Teflon is a special plastic on which oil and water
D. P - (i), Q - (ii), R - (iii), S - (iv), T - (v) do not stick.
IV. Plastic is non-biodegradable, hence not environment
26. Match column I with column II and select the correct
friendly.
option from the given codes.
I II III IV
Column I Column II
A. True True False False
P. Kerosene (i) Road surfacing B. False False True True
Q. Paraffin wax (ii) Fuel for vehicles C. True False True False
R. Bitumen (iii) Manufacturing candles D. False True False True
S. Gasoline (iv) Jet engine fuel
31. Ms. Ruchi, a class 8 teacher heated five different
A. P-(ii); Q -(iv); R-(iii); S -(i)
substances (I-V) in air and tabulated her observations
B. P-(iii); Q-(ii); R-(iv); S-(i) as follows :
C. P-(iv); Q-(ii); R-(i); S-(iii)
Subs- Appearance Appearance Change Effects of
D. P-(iv); Q-(iii); R-(i); S-(ii) tance at the start of at the end of in mass heating
27. Priya, a class 8 student collected following items (i-vi) experiment experiment
and tested them with different indicators : I Purple Purple No Turned to purple
crystals vapours change vapours on heating
(i) Toothpaste (ii) Vinegar and back to purple
(iii) Curd (iv) Lemon solid when cooled

(v) Baking soda (vi) Limestone II Grey metal White Gain in Burned with an
ash mass intense white flame
Fill in the blanks by selecting an appropriate option. III White solid White Loss in Produced carbon
She observed that with p , methyl orange indicator solid mass dioxide gas
turned yellow while with q , China rose indicator IV Green Black Loss in Produced carbon
turned magenta. powder residue mass dioxide gas

p q V Grey rod Turned No Tu r n e d r e d o n


red change heating and grey
A. (ii), (iii), (iv) (i), (v), (vi) when cooled
B. (i), (iv), (vi) (ii), (iii), (v) Identify the types of changes these substances have
C. (i), (v), (vi) (ii), (iii), (iv) undergone and select the correct option.
D. (ii), (iv), (v) (i), (iii), (vi) Physical change Chemical change
A. II, III and IV I and V
28. Read the given statements and select the correct option.
B. I and II III, IV and V
Statement 1 : Petroleum is a fossil fuel.
C. I and V II, III and IV
Statement 2 : Kerosene is not obtained as a fraction
D. II and V I, III and IV
of fractional distillation of petroleum.
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are true and statement 2 32. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
is the correct explanation of statement 1. I. LPG is non-flammable substance, that is why it is
B. Both statements 1 and 2 are true but statement 2 is
used for cooking at our homes.
not the correct explanation of statement 1.
II. On burning, camphor produces flame while charcoal
C. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false.
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are false. does not produce flame.
III. Sulphur is a non-combustible non-metal.
29. Savita had four metals : iron, zinc, X and Y. She arranged
the following experimental set-ups and observed that IV. Combustion of phosphorus is an example of rapid
displacement reaction took place in each case. combustion.

4 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


A. II and IV only B. II only 36. After vigorous exercise, changes occur in the muscle
C. I, III and IV only D. None of these tissue. Compared with ‘at rest’ conditions what will
the changes be?
33. Study the given Venn diagram carefully and fill in the Glycogen ATP Lactate pH
blanks.
A. Decreased Decreased Increased Decreased
Physical B. Decreased Increased Increased Increased
Chemical
change 1 change C. Increased Increased Increased Increased
2 3
D. Increased Decreased Decreased Increased

Irreversible 37. The given box shows some rabi and kharif crops.
change Identify these crops and select the option that correctly
categorises them.
1 2 3
A. Weathering Making fibre Rancidity Sugarcane, Cotton, Mustard, Maize, Sorghum, Linseed,
of rocks from yarn Barley, Groundnut, Wheat, Chickpea, Soybean

B. Crumpling Baking of Plucking A. Rabi - Wheat, Barley, Linseed, Cotton, Maize
of paper corns a flower Kharif - Sugarcane, Mustard, Groundnut, Soybean,
C. Burning of a Inflating Dissolving Chickpea, Sorghum
candle a tyre sugar in water B. Rabi - Mustard, Linseed, Barley, Wheat, Chickpea
D. Burning of Bursting of Metabolism Kharif - S ugarcane, Cotton, Maize, Sorghum,
LPG in kitchen a balloon of food Groundnut, Soybean
C. Rabi - S ugarcane, Linseed, Groundnut, Wheat,
34. Read the given paragraph where few words have been
Soybean
italicised.
Kharif - M ustard, Cotton, Barley, Sorghum,
Pituitary gland is located just below hypothalamus and
Chickpea, Maize
controls the activity of other glands. Thyroid gland
D. Rabi - Wheat, Barley, Sugarcane, Sorghum, Chickpea
is located in front of the neck. It secretes hormone
thyroxine which regulates metabolism. Parathyroid Kharif - L inseed, Soybean, Mustard, Cotton,
gland secretes hormone calcitonin that regulates level Groundnut, Maize
of calcium in blood. Adrenal glands are paired glands 38. Refer to the given diagram.
present on top of each ovary. They secrete hormone
Organism A Organism I Organism II
parathormone.
Gamete Gamete Gamete X Gamete Y
Select the correct option regarding these.
X Y
A. Neck and thyroxine should not be replaced as they
are correctly mentioned. Fertilisation Zygote
Fertilisation
B. Calcitonin should be replaced with insulin. in outer
within medium
C. Ovary and parathormone should not be replaced Zygote body
as they are correctly mentioned.
D. Hypothalamus must be replaced by medulla Select the correct option regarding this.
oblongata. A. Organism A is hermaphrodite or bisexual and may
undergo either self or cross fertilisation.
35. Refer to the given figure regarding X
B. Organisms I and II are unisexual and exhibit external
zonation in terrestrial biosphere Y fertilisation.
reserve and select the correct Z
C. Organism A could be Taenia if it undergoes self
option. fertilisation or it could be earthworm if it undergoes
X Y Z cross fertilisation.
D. All of these
A. Cropping is Used for research No human
allowed and education activity allowed 39. Which of the given containers will continue to have
B. Used for Human settlement Cropping is healthy fish and plants at the end of a week?
research and allowed allowed Clear water Layer of oil
education
C. Cropping is No human activity Used for A. B.
allowed allowed research and
education Suspended matter
D. No human Human settlement Cropping is
activity allowed allowed C. D. None of these
allowed

NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1 | 5


40. Read the given paragraph. (a) Zygote divides a number of times and forms
The cytoplasm of the cells of a tomato plant contains a hollow ball like structure called (i) . It
organelle X which is of several types. Type Y is present moves down and gets implanted in the uterus. It
in leaves of plant and imparts green colour whereas starts developing body parts and at this stage it is
type Z is present in fruits of plant and imparts red called (ii) .
colour. (b) (iii) is the period in life when a girl or a boy
Select the option which correctly identifies X, Y attains sexual maturity.
and Z. (c) Production of sex hormones is under the control of
  X   Y   Z (iv) gland.
A. Plastid Leucoplast Chromoplast (d) Metamorphosis in frog requires presence of
B. Plastid Chloroplast Chromoplast (v) in water to produce thyroxine hormone.
C. Plastid Chloroplast Leucoplast A. (i) - Fetus, (iv) - Thymus
D. Plastid Chromoplast Chloroplast B. (ii) - Embryo, (iv) - Pituitary
41. Refer to the given figure and C. (iii) - Adolescence, (v) - Calcium
select the incorrect option. D. (ii) - Fetus, (iii) - Senescence
X
A. Self pollination is not possible Y 44. The given table describes the amount of pollutants in
in a flower that lacks either X Z body of aquatic organisms in a river.
or Y.
W Organism Amount of lead in the body of
B. Monoecious plants like maize
bear two types of flower, one the organism (ppm)
with X and other with Y. P 1.6
C. W and Z constitute non-essential floral whorls. Q 4.3
D. Plants with flowers having both X and Y can never R 0.025
undergo cross pollination. S 2.4
42. Refer to the given set-up. T 0.16
0.5 M Salt solution Water Visking
Select the option that correctly arranges these organisms
tubing 3 in a food chain.
100 mL 120 mL 80 mL
Visking Visking
0.2 M A. Q→S→P→T→R B. R→T→P→S→Q
Salt
tubing 1 tubing 2 solution C. T→P→Q→S→R D. R→P→T→Q→S
Water 0.8 M 0.2 M
Sugar Salt 45. Rahul conducted an experiment to calculate percolation
solution solution
Test tube P Test tube Q Test tube R rate of three soil samples X, Y and Z and tabulated his
Select the option that correctly identifies the volume results as follows :
of liquid in test tubes P, Q and R after some time. Soil sample Rate of percolation
Volume of liquid

P
Volume of liquid

R R
X 10 mL/min
Y 25 mL/min
(mL)

A. P B.
(mL)

Q
Q
Z 5 mL/min
Time (min) Time (min)
Identify soils X, Y and Z and select the incorrect option
regarding them.
Volume of liquid

Volume of liquid

Q A. Soil Y is abundantly found in those areas where


Q
plants with thick, fleshy and photosynthetic stems
(mL)

(mL)

C. P D. R
P
R
are present.
B. Soil Z is abundantly found in those areas where
Time (min) Time (min) plants with aerial breathing roots are present.
43. Read the given statements and select the option that C. Soil X is best suited for growth of wheat and maize.
correctly fills the blanks in any two of them. D. None of these

ACHIEVERS SECTION
46. Identify the given organisms (P-S) and select the A. P could be an eukaryotic organism that causes
incorrect option regarding them. abdominal discomfort in man.
B. Q could be a prokaryotic organism that helps in
breakdown of dead bodies of plants and animals.
C. Organism R could be used to obtain antibiotics.
D. S could be an organism that causes sleeping sickness
Q R S in humans.
P

6 | NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1


47. Refer to the given dichotomous key and select the Direction (Q. No. 49 and 50) : Read the given passage and
correct option regarding cell organelles L - O. answer the following questions.
I. (a) Cell organelle bounded by double membrane The figure shows a pendulum.
 - Go to II

(b) Cell organelle bounded by single membrane 
String
 - Go to III Height of release  Pendulum bob

II. (a) Directs cell growth and controls its activities - L

(b) Provides colour to flowers and fruits - M  One complete swing

III. (a) Removes dead cells and digests foreign material Deepak wanted to find out the time taken by the pendulum to
 - N make a complete swing as shown in the figure. He adjusted
(b) Carries out some oxidative reactions in a cell -    O the factors used in the experiment. The time period of a simple
A.
L could be mitochondria whereas M could be l
pendulum is calculated by using T = 2π
chloroplast. g
B.
M could be chromoplast whereas N could be Golgi where l = length of pendulum, g = 980 cm/s2. He then tabulated
apparatus. his results in the following table :
C.
L could be nucleus whereas O could be peroxisome. Set-up Mass of pendulum Length of Height of
D.
M could be leucoplast whereas N could be vacuole. bob (g) string (cm) release (cm)
I 30 6 2
48. The given figure represents the fractionating column
II 40 10 5
used in refining of petroleum.
III 30 8 2
IV 50 6 5
V 40 8 2
fraction X
49. To find out how the difference in the mass of the
fraction Y pendulum bob would affect the time taken for the
heated fraction Z pendulum bob to make a complete swing, which two
petroleum set-ups should Deepak use for comparison?
A. Set-ups I and III B. Set-ups I and IV
Which of the following statements about the fractions C. Set-ups II and V D. Set-ups III and V
X, Y and Z is/are incorrect? 50. Which of the following graphs best represents the
I. The order of their densities is X > Y > Z. variation of T 2 with l?
II. The fraction Z will condense first and the fraction T2 T2
X will condense at the last.
III. The order of their boiling points is X < Y < Z. A. B.
IV. X can be heavy oil, Y can be light oil while Z can
l l
be gasoline and naphtha.
T2 T2
A. I and IV only
B. I only
C. D.
C. II and III only
D. None of these l l

SPACE FOR ROUGH WORK

NSO | Class-8 | Set-B | Level 1 | 7


ANSWER KEYS
NSO 2014
SET A
1. (D) 2. (A) 3. (A) 4. (B) 5. (B) 6. (B) 7. (D) 8. (B) 9. (D) 10. (B)
11. (B) 12. (D) 13. (D) 14. (D) 15. (C) 16. (B) 17. (B) 18. (A) 19. (C) 20. (B)
21. (C) 22. (D) 23. (A) 24. (C) 25. (D) 26. (A) 27. (D) 28. (A) 29. (B) 30. (A)
31. (C) 32. (B) 33. (B) 34. (A) 35. (C) 36. (C) 37. (D) 38. (D) 39. (A) 40. (B)
41. (D) 42. (B) 43. (D) 44. (D) 45. (D) 46. (D) 47. (D) 48. (C) 49. (D) 50. (D)

SET B
1. (A) 2. (D) 3. (B) 4. (B) 5. (D) 6. (D) 7. (C) 8. (D) 9. (C) 10. (C)
11. (D) 12. (A) 13. (A) 14. (C) 15. (C) 16. (B) 17. (B) 18. (B) 19. (D) 20. (A)
21. (C) 22. (B) 23. (B) 24. (B) 25. (A) 26. (C) 27. (B) 28. (A) 29. (B) 30. (C)
31. (D) 32. (C) 33. (C) 34. (D) 35. (A) 36. (A) 37. (A) 38. (D) 39. (A) 40. (D)
41. (B) 42. (B) 43. (D) 44. (C) 45. (B) 46. (C) 47. (D) 48. (D) 49. (B) 50. (B)

NSO 2015
SET 1
1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (C) 4. (C) 5. (D) 6. (A) 7. (B) 8. (D) 9. (C) 10. (A)
11. (D) 12. (C) 13. (D) 14. (A) 15. (D) 16. (B) 17. (D) 18. (B) 19. (C) 20. (A)
21. (D) 22. (A) 23. (B) 24. (B) 25. (D) 26. (A) 27. (D) 28. (D) 29. (A) 30. (B)
31. (C) 32. (C) 33. (D) 34. (B) 35. (D) 36. (D) 37. (D) 38. (A) 39. (C) 40. (D)
41. (D) 42. (C) 43. (D) 44. (D) 45. (D) 46. (B) 47. (C) 48. (A) 49. (D) 50. (C)

SET 2
1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (B) 4. (B) 5. (A) 6. (D) 7. (B) 8. (A) 9. (C) 10. (C)
11. (C) 12. (D) 13. (B) 14. (C) 15. (D) 16. (C) 17. (B) 18. (D) 19. (C) 20. (D)
21. (B) 22. (B) 23. (C) 24. (B) 25. (A) 26. (A) 27. (C) 28. (D) 29. (C) 30. (B)
31. (C) 32. (A) 33. (B) 34. (D) 35. (C) 36. (B) 37. (D) 38. (B) 39. (B) 40. (A)
41. (A) 42. (D) 43. (C) 44. (B) 45. (C) 46. (B) 47. (C) 48. (B) 49. (D) 50. (B)

NSO 2016
SET A
1. (B) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (D) 5. (D) 6. (C) 7. (B) 8. (A) 9. (C) 10. (C)
11. (D) 12. (A) 13. (A) 14. (D) 15. (C) 16. (C) 17. (C) 18. (A) 19. (C) 20. (C)
21. (C) 22. (A) 23. (B) 24. (A) 25. (B) 26. (C) 27. (C) 28. (B) 29. (C) 30. (D)
31. (C) 32. (D) 33. (D) 34. (D) 35. (A) 36. (B) 37. (C) 38. (A) 39. (B) 40. (C)
41. (C) 42. (D) 43. (D) 44. (B) 45. (A) 46. (A) 47. (C) 48. (D) 49. (C) 50. (B)

SET B
1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (B) 5. (B) 6. (D) 7. (A) 8. (A) 9. (D) 10. (A)
11. (C) 12. (D) 13. (C) 14. (A) 15. (D) 16. (A) 17. (C) 18. (B) 19. (B) 20. (B)
21. (B) 22. (D) 23. (C) 24. (D) 25. (A) 26. (C) 27. (B) 28. (A) 29. (D) 30. (C)
31. (B) 32. (C) 33. (C) 34. (D) 35. (B) 36. (B) 37. (D) 38. (B) 39. (D) 40. (C)
41. (B) 42. (C) 43. (C) 44. (B) 45. (D) 46. (C) 47. (A) 48. (C) 49. (C) 50. (D)

NSO 2017
SET A
1. (A) 2. (A) 3. (B) 4. (D) 5. (A) 6. (A) 7. (B) 8. (D) 9. (C) 10. (C)
11. (C) 12. (A) 13. (B) 14. (A) 15. (A) 16. (D) 17. (A) 18. (B) 19. (B) 20. (D)
21. (C) 22. (C) 23. (C) 24. (A) 25. (C) 26. (A) 27. (C) 28. (B) 29. (C) 30. (C)
31. (C) 32. (D) 33. (D) 34. (B) 35. (C) 36. (D) 37. (D) 38. (D) 39. (A) 40. (D)
41. (B) 42. (D) 43. (B) 44. (A) 45. (D) 46. (A) 47. (B) 48. (B) 49. (C) 50. (C)

SET B
1. (C) 2. (A) 3. (C) 4. (A) 5. (D) 6. (A) 7. (C) 8. (D) 9. (B) 10. (A)
11. (B) 12. (A) 13. (D) 14. (D) 15. (C) 16. (C) 17. (D) 18. (B) 19. (D) 20. (C)
21. (D) 22. (A) 23. (B) 24. (C) 25. (C) 26. (C) 27. (B) 28. (C) 29. (B) 30. (C)
31. (C) 32. (A) 33. (C) 34. (D) 35. (B) 36. (B) 37. (A) 38. (B) 39. (C) 40. (C)
41. (A) 42. (D) 43. (A) 44. (B) 45. (A) 46. (B) 47. (C) 48. (B) 49. (B) 50. (A)

NSO 2018
SET A
1. (A) 2. (A) 3. (D) 4. (A) 5. (A) 6. (C) 7. (D) 8. (D) 9. (D) 10. (C)
11. (C) 12. (C) 13. (A) 14. (B) 15. (D) 16. (D) 17. (C) 18. (A) 19. (B) 20. (C)
21. (B) 22. (A) 23. (C) 24. (D) 25. (C) 26. (D) 27. (D) 28. (B) 29. (C) 30. (B)
31. (A) 32. (D) 33. (A) 34. (A) 35. (A) 36. (A) 37. (A) 38. (C) 39. (A) 40. (C)
41. (B) 42. (B) 43. (B) 44. (C) 45. (C) 46. (C) 47. (D) 48. (C) 49. (B) 50. (B)

SET B
1. (A) 2. (A) 3. (A) 4. (D) 5. (C) 6. (C) 7. (B) 8. (D) 9. (C) 10. (D)
11. (C) 12. (C) 13. (A) 14. (D) 15. (D) 16. (A) 17. (D) 18. (D) 19. (A) 20. (C)
21. (D) 22. (C) 23. (C) 24. (C) 25. (B) 26. (D) 27. (C) 28. (C) 29. (D) 30. (B)
31. (C) 32. (B) 33. (D) 34. (A) 35. (A) 36. (A) 37. (B) 38. (D) 39. (A) 40. (B)
41. (D) 42. (D) 43. (B) 44. (B) 45. (D) 46. (B) 47. (C) 48. (A) 49. (D) 50. (A)