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# GRADES 1 to 12 School Pinagbayanan NHS Grade Level Grade 8

## Daily Lesson Log Teacher Maribeth C. Caponpon Learning Area Science

Teaching Date and
Quarter First (Physics)
Time

DAY: Tuesday

I. OBJECTIVES

## The learner demonstrates understanding of work using constant

force, power, gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, and
A. Content Standards
elastic potential energy

B. Performance Standards
(S8FE-Ic-21)

##  Describe how work is related to power and energy

Learning Competencies / Objectives
C. Objectives:
Write the LC code for each
1. Describe how work is related to power and energy.
2. Compute for your power output in walking or running up a
flight of stairs

## Module II: WORK, ENERGY AND POWER

II. CONTENT Lesson 12: HOW POWER-FUL AM I?

## III. LEARNING RESOURCES

A. References
23-24
1. Teacher's Guide Pages
34-35
2. Learner's Materials Pages

3. Textbook Pages
4. Additional Materials from Learning
Resource (LR) portal
Lesson Guide Grade 8 First Quarter, pp. 40-41
B. Other Learning Resource

IV. PROCEDURES

A.
ELICIT Differentiate potential form kinetic energy

Video Presentation

## Showing a short video clip about sport Triathlon

(www.youtube.com/watch?v=wxtR9hf39Ug)

B. ENGAGE

## Ask the students to explain if there is work done by the athletes

participating in the said event.

## Ask them also if they use energy.

C. Do the Activity on How POWER-ful am I, Lesson Guide Grade 8
EXPLORE
First Quarter, pp. 40-41

## Name Weight Height Time taken Energy

D. (N) of stairs to climb the Expended Power
(m) stairs ( s ) (J) ( J/s )

Q1. Who among the group members had the highest power
output?
EXPLAIN Q2. What is the highest power output?
Q3. Who among the group members had the lowest power
output?
Q4. What is the lowest power output?
Q5. What can you say about the work done by each member of
the group? Q6. Did each member perform the same amount
of work in climbing the
stairs?
Q7. What factor/s determined the highest/lowest power output?

## If you were be given a chance to be the leader of the our

country, how would you exercise your power of authority?

## Power provides a measure of both the amount of work done

or the amount of energy expended and the time it takes to do it.
If you do a physical task quickly you have more power than when
you do the same task slowly.

## ELABORATE In science, power is defined as the rate at which work is

done or the rate at which energy is expended, or is transferred,
or transformed. In equation,
Power = work/time
or
Power = energy/time
What is the SI unit of power? Since the SI unit of work is
joule and the SI unit of time is second, the SI unit of power is
Joule/second. This is given a special name,
watt, in honor of James Watt. So, 1 watt (W) = 1 joule
(J)/second (s)

## 1. Which of the following statements indicates the best way to

increase power?
*A. increase the amount of work done in a given amount of
time, or do a given amount of work in less time
B. increase the amount of work done in a given amount of
time, or do a given amount of work in more time.
F. EVALUATE C. decrease the amount of work done in a given amount of
time, or do a given amount of work in less time .
D. decrease the amount of work done in a given amount of
time, or do a given amount of work in more time.

## 2. What does the power of a machine measures?

A. the work it does
*B. its rate of doing work
C. the force it produces
D. its strength

## 3. A girl carries a heavy suitcase quickly up a flight of stairs. A

boy of the same weight carries the same suitcase slowly up
the flight of stairs. Which statement is true?
A. The girl did less work and had less power than the boy.
B. The girl had less power than the boy.
C. The girl did more work and had more power than the boy.
*D. The girl had more power than the boy

## 4. What is the power develop by a jumbo jet that cruises at 200

m/s when the thrust of its engine is 100,000 N?
A. 20,000 W B. 200,000W
C. 20,000,000W D. 2000 W

## 5. The following the units to express power. Which is not

included?
A. N.m/s B. J/s C. watt D. N.m/s2

## G. 1. What are the different forms energy?

EXTEND
2. What are the types of mechanical energy?

V. REMARKS

VI. REFLECTION

## No. of learners who earned 80% in the

A.
evaluation
B. No. of learners who require additional activities
for remediation who scored below 80%
C. Did the remedial lessons work? No. of learners
who have caught up with the lesson

## D. No. of learners who continue to require

remediation
E. Which of my teaching strategies worked well?
Why did these worked?
F. What difficulties did I encounter which my
principal or supervisor can help me solve?
G. What innovation or localized materials did I
Use or discover which I wish to share with other
teachers?
School Pinagbayanan NHS Grade Level Grade 8
GRADES 1 to 12
Daily Lesson Log Teacher Maribeth C. Caponpon Learning Area Science
Teaching Date and
Quarter First ( Physics)
Time

DAY: Tuesday
1. Define kinetic energy.
2.Relate the speed and position of object to the amount of energy
I. OBJECTIVES
possessed by a body.
3. Calculate the kinetic energy of a moving body.
The learner demonstrates understanding of work using constant
A. Content Standards force, power, gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, and
elastic potential energy
B. Performance Standards
C. (S8FE-Id--22) (S8FE-Id-23)

##  Differentiate potential and kinetic energy.

 Relate speed and position of object to the amount of
Learning Competencies / Objectives energy possessed by a body.
Write the LC code for each
Objectives:
1. Define kinetic energy.
2.Relate the speed and position of object to the amount of energy
possessed by a body.
3. Calculate the kinetic energy of a moving body
Module II: WORK, POWER AND ENERGY
II. CONTENT
Lesson 13: KINETIC ENERGY
III. LEARNING RESOURCES
A. References
1. Teacher's Guide Pages 21
2. Learner's Materials Pages 26-28
3. Textbook Pages
4. Additional Materials from Learning
Resource (LR) portal
B. Other Learning Resource Lesson Guide Grade 8 First Quarter, pp 43-44
IV. PROCEDURES
A.
ELICIT How will you define power?

Picture Analysis:

## The student will look at the picture presented by the teacher.

B.
ENGAGE

What kind of energy does the boy possess? Explain your answer.
C. Do the Activity on Exploring kinetic energy with ramps,
EXPLORE
Lesson Guide Grade 8 First Quarter, pp 43-44
D. Analysis:
1. Which car will run fastest? Why do you think so?
2. How does the amount of energy possessed by each car
EXPLAIN affect its speed?

## Discuss the answers in the activity given.

How do kinetic energy applies to everyday life?

## 1.a running roller coaster

2.your jaw when you are chewing
3.when playing billiard, the energy is transferred from the stick to
a
ball
4.A Slinky moving down a set of steps
5.Snow skis gliding down the mountain
6.Gas molecules moving around in a room

## The kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it

possesses due to its motion. It is defined as the work needed to
accelerate a body of a given mass from rest to its stated velocity.
Having gained this energy during its acceleration, the body
maintains this kinetic energy unless its speed changes.
If the masses {weights} are equal, the body with the
E. greatest velocity {speed} would have the highest kinetic energy. If
ELABORATE
the velocities are equal, the body with the greatest mass would
have the highest kinetic energy.
The kinetic energy of an object is given by the equation:

## KE = 1/2mv2, where m is the mass of the object and v is

its velocity.
The kinetic energy is proportional to the mass of the
object.
According to Newton’s second law, F = ma, an object is
accelerated with a constant acceleration of a constant net force is
exerted on it. The work done on object is given by:

## W = F. d. Thus the work done is W = (ma)d. Assume the

object was originally at rest, Vi = 0. As it accelerates, v2 =
2ad, or d = v2 / 2a, since a is constant.
Therefore: W = mad
= ma (v2 / 2a)
= 1/2mv2
Assessment:

## 1. When work that is done on a body increases its

velocity, then, there is an increase in the kinetic energy
of the body.
F. EVALUATE 2. The kinetic energy of a more massive object at rest is
greater than that of a less massive moving object.
3. If the velocity of a moving object is doubled, its kinetic
energy is also doubled.
4. The unit of kinetic energy is the same as the unit of
work.
5. The unit kg m2/s2 is also a unit of energy.

G.
What is potential energy?
EXTEND
V. REMARKS

VI. REFLECTION

## No. of learners who earned 80% in the

A.
evaluation
B. No. of learners who require additional activities
for remediation who scored below 80%
C. Did the remedial lessons work? No. of learners
who have caught up with the lesson

## D. No. of learners who continue to require

remediation
E. Which of my teaching strategies worked well?
Why did these worked?
F. What difficulties did I encounter which my
principal or supervisor can help me solve?
G. What innovation or localized materials did I
Use or discover which I wish to share with other
teachers?

## Daily Lesson Log Teacher Maribeth C. Caponpon Learning Area Science

Teaching Date and
Quarter First (Physics)
Time

DAY:

I. OBJECTIVES

## The learner demonstrates understanding of work using constant

force power, gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, and
A. Content Standards
elastic potential energy

B. Performance Standards
C. (S8FE-Id--22) (S8FE-Id-23)

## Learning Competencies / Objectives  Differentiate potential and kinetic energy.

Write the LC code for each  Relate speed and position of object to the amount of
energy possessed by a body.
Objectives:

## 1. State the meaning of potential energy.

2. Relate potential energy to work
3. Calculate the change in potential energy of a body

## Module II : WORK, POWER AND ENERGY

II. CONTENT
Lesson 14: POTENTIAL ENERGY

## III. LEARNING RESOURCES

A. References
21-22
1. Teacher's Guide Pages
28-33
2. Learner's Materials Pages
Textbook
3.
Pages
4. Additional Materials from Learning
Resource (LR) portal
B. Other Learning Resource Lesson Guide Grade 8 First Quarter, pp 47-49

IV. PROCEDURES

A.
ELICIT What is kinetic energy? Give the formula of kinetic energy

Present the video to the class and have them watch the video
about the roller coaster ride
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JFNKyi_lzyg)
B.
ENGAGE After watching the video let the students brainstorm on what
they have viewed. Ask them: “What science concepts are
involved in the roller coaster? “Today, we will deal more on the
energy possessed by the roller coaster.”

pp 47-49
EXPLORE

D. Analysis:

## Q1. What happens to the toy?

Q2. What kind of energy is ‘stored’ in the rubber band?
Q3. What kind of energy does a rolling toy have?
EXPLAIN Q4. What transformation of energy happens in a rolling toy?

## Discuss the answers in the activity given

E.
Actor and actress of the day

## Ask 5 learners to give example of potential energy then

ELABORATE each them will act the given situations. The audience will
determine if the action taken by the actor/actress is example of
potential energy.
Potential energy, or stored energy, is the ability of a
system to do work due to its position or internal structure. For
example, gravitational potential energy is a stored energy
determined by an object's position in a gravitational
field while elastic potential energy is the energy stored in a
spring.

## As a form of energy, the SI units for potential energy are

the joule (J) or Newton-meter (N*m).

## The change in the object’s gravitational potential energy

is the work done in raising it to that height. Since the work done
on the object to raise it at that height is given by the equation,
W = mgh then, the change in the object’s gravitational potential
energy is ΔPE = mgh where h = the height above the reference
level. If the object is raised from the ground, the reference level
is the ground. If the object, however, is raised from the table, the
table is the reference level.
(Note: The teacher may the previous activity on power to
gravitational potential energy)

Direction: Read the questions below and choose the letter of the
correct answer.

## 1. A roller coaster climbing the first hill is an example of

A. building kinetic energy.
*B. building potential energy.
C. gravitational forces.
D. nuclear energy.

energy is?
A. Newton
*B. Joule
C. Meter
D. Liter

## 3. A stationary object may have

F. EVALUATE *A. potential energy
B. velocity
C. kinetic energy
D. acceleration

## 4 . A 50 kilogram object is located 5 meters above the

ground level. Find its potential energy.
*A. The object's potential energy is 2450 J.
B. The object's potential energy is 24.50 J.
C. The object's potential energy is 2.450 J.
D. The object's potential energy is 245.0 J.

## 5. A 12 kg cat who is resting on a tree has a potential

energy of 50 Calculate its position (height) relative to the
ground.
A. The cat is located 0.43 m above the ground.
*B. The cat is located 0.43 m above the ground.
C. The cat is located 0.43 m above the ground.
D. The cat is located 0.43 m above the ground.
G. Journal entry:
Write a short paragraph on how potential and kinetic energy is
EXTEND
related to your life.

V. REMARKS
VI. REFLECTION

## No. of learners who earned 80% in the

A.
evaluation
B. No. of learners who require additional activities
for remediation who scored below 80%
C. Did the remedial lessons work? No. of learners
who have caught up with the lesson
D. No. of learners who continue to require
Remediation
E. Which of my teaching strategies worked well?
Why did these worked?
F. What difficulties did I encounter which my
principal or supervisor can help me solve?
G. What innovation or localized materials did I
Use or discover which I wish to share with other
teachers?