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Pechay Production

Pechay (Brassica rapa L. cv group Pak Choi) is a vegetable plant with green leafy leaves,
small in size, have white stalk of the leaves and usually called bok choy. This vegetable grows in
tropical country. It need more sunlight and water in order to grow. This also grows well in sandy
soil, and also in loam soil. That is the characteristic of this vegetable.

Pechay has many soft, thin, light green, broad to oblong ovate leaves. These are arrange
spirally and spreading. Pechay are favorites by most Oriental people for it is always available in
the market anytime of the year. It is also an important Constituents of Filipino food such as
“puchero” and “nilaga”. It is a green leafy vegetable rich in calcium and other essential nutrients.

Pechays originated from China, inhabiting a vast amount of the land. It has been introduced
to Europe and is farmed for people who love the rich bitterness of this plant. There are some who
believe that pechay originated from Africa but pechay is from China, that’s for sure.

In some places in Southern Europe, pechay has been introduced from its native range,
probably discarded by farms that stopped producing them. They have also been introduced to
other continents including North and South America. Since its rich in vitamins, many of the
Filipinos cultivate it and often sell it for a reasonable price.

Pechays are valued to many people as a food, though some people hate them due to their
bitterness. However, they are of great value because they provide vitamins to those who can’t
afford to buy vitamins (mostly Filipinos). This plant has no negative effects on people who eat it,
except for the bitterness (for some people). How they cook the pechay is that, first they rinse
them, letting the dirt and sand wash away, then they steam it with rice, and beef, making a food
called “tapa.” This specie now is considered as “The Fountain of Vitamin” in the Philippines due
to the vitamins that are found in this specie. This specie may be the most dominant plant that is
being sold in markets in Philippines.
How to Grow Pechay?
Step 1
Fill a seed starter tray ¾ full with perlite. Dampen the perlite with water from a watering
Step 2
Lay one pechay seed on top of the perlite, in the center of each cell. Sprinkle peat moss
over each seed, filling the remainder of the seed starter tray.
Step 3
Cover the seed tray with a clear plastic lid or piece of plastic wrap. Place the seed tray in
an undisturbed area that receives bright, filtered sunlight.
Step 4
Check the pechay seeds daily for signs of germination, which can happen in as little as two
to three days. Remove the plastic immediately when you see green shoots poking through
the perlite and peat moss.
Step 5
Continue to provide the pechay seeds with filtered sunlight and damp growing medium for
the first 10 days. Dampening the peat moss and perlite with water from a spray bottle
should suffice. A light misting is all that is necessary. The growing medium should be
moist not saturated.
Step 6
Transplant the pechay into 6-inch pots filled with organic potting soil once they reach 10
days old. Keep the soil moist at all times and continue to provide bright, filtered sunlight.
Harvest the pechay when the plants are 30 days old by snipping the stems at the soil level
with a pair of scissors.
Pechay Management
Pechay needs much water during its growing period. Water the plants early in the morning
to prevent sunscald. This is also to make the foliage dry before the night. Use sprinkler in watering
the plants. If the area is big enough to do the watering by using sprinkler, then do surface irrigation
to the soil surface of the furrow. But it is too expensive while using sprinkler is easy to do, only
it is laborious.
Pechay can easily be attack by insects and other harmful pests by punching small holes to
the leaves. It is a must to spray the plants with organic fertilizer until ready to harvest.

Data Collection

Date Plant height Leaf length Leaf width Number of leaves

Feb.16, 2019 5.3 cm 2 cm 1.1 cm 3

Feb.23, 2019 6.2 cm 2.1 cm 1.3 cm 4

March 2, 2019 7.6 cm 3.1 cm 1.6 cm 6

March 9, 2019 9.8 cm 11.6 cm 3.2 cm 7

March 16, 2019 11.5 cm 13.3 cm 3.7 cm 8

March 23, 2019 15.6 cm 15.5 cm 4.9 cm 10

March 30, 2019 15.8 cm 15.9 cm 6 cm 13

April 6, 2019 16.2 cm 16.3 cm 6.1 cm 14

April 13, 2019 16.3 cm 16.4 cm 6.3 cm 15

April 20, 2019 17.5 cm 16.6 cm 6.4 cm 15

April 27, 2019 19.1 cm 17 cm 6.5 cm 16

May 4, 2019 28 cm 26.1 cm 10.6 cm 15

Terminal Report in Pechay Production
(Brassica rapa subsp. Chinensis)

Submitted by:
Wilfreda G. Argawanon
Submitted to:
Mr. Romulo Salvador
Terminal Report in Chicken Production
(Gallus gallus domesticus)

Submitted by:
Wilfreda G. Argawanon
Submitted to:
Mr. Romulo Salvador
Chicken Production


The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of

the red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus). It is one of the most common and widespread domestic
animals, with a total population of more than 19 billion as of 2011. There are more chickens in
the world than any other bird or domesticated fowl. Humans keep chickens primarily as a source
of food (consuming both their meat and eggs) and, less commonly, as pets. Originally raised
for cockfighting or for special ceremonies, chickens were not kept for food until Hellenistic
period (4th–2nd centuries BC).

Genetic studies have pointed to multiple maternal origins in South Asia, Southeast Asia,
and East Asia, but with the clade found in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Africa
originating in the Indian subcontinent. From ancient India, the domesticated chicken spread
to Lydia in western Asia Minor, and to Greece by the 5th century BC Fowl had been known in
Egypt since the mid-15th century BC, with the "bird that gives birth every day" having come to
Egypt from the land between Sierra and Shinar, Babylonia according to the annals of Thutmose

Chickens are gregarious birds and live together in flocks. They have a communal approach
to the incubation of eggs and raising of young. Individual chickens in a flock will dominate others,
establishing a "pecking order", with dominant individuals having priority for food access and
nesting locations. Removing hens or roosters from a flock causes a temporary disruption to this
social order until a new pecking order is established. Adding hens, especially younger birds, to
an existing flock can lead to fighting and injury. When a rooster finds food, he may call other
chickens to eat first. He does this by clucking in a high pitch as well as picking up and dropping
the food. This behavior may also be observed in mother hens to call their chicks and encourage
them to eat.
How to Raise Chicken?

Chickens are sociable, so plan to keep four to six birds. They’ll need space—at least 2
square feet of coop floor per bird. The more space, the happier and healthier the chickens will be;
overcrowding contributes to disease and feather picking.

The birds will need a place to spread their wings, so to speak: a 20x5-foot chicken run, for
example, or a whole backyard. (My hens have lots of outdoor time. They have places to take a
dust bath and catch a few rays.) Either way, the space must be fenced in order to keep the chickens
in and predators out. (Predators include your own Fido and Fluffy, too!) Add chicken-wire
fencing to your list of equipment.

Chicken Management

Feeders and waterers should be of the proper type, size, and height for the stock and
management system. Feeders that are too shallow, too narrow, or lacking a lip or flange on the
upper edge may permit excess feed waste. Uneven distribution of waterers or lack of water space
results in reduced intake and thus reduced performance.

Chickens are amazing creatures that are fun, sweet, and loving, and they can provide a
constant supply of fresh eggs. These feathered friends will cluck their way into your backyard
and into your heart! Start by making sure you can handle raising chickens at home, then choose
your birds, set up their home, gather their supplies, and show them some daily attention. If you
give them the right amount of time, love, and care, you will soon have a beautiful flock of healthy
and happy chickens!
Data Collection

Date Grams

Feb.26, 2019 5 grams

March 13, 2019 87 grams

March 28, 2019 345 grams

April 12, 2019 500 grams

April 27, 2019 800 grams

Chicken Weight

Feb. 26, 2019 13-Mar-19

5g 87g




Feb. 6, 2019 13-Mar-19 28-Mar-19 12-Apr-19 27-Apr-19