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# 10.6.197.

250

https://transfercloud.io/
digitalmaza.org
mrqrq@xmof@kgeu
https://mega.nz/#!wLJGkSLL!rQ9L5T2X8rSRQlkuvrMAZU8jv2m5vuYVlllGNsB-wB4

%==========================================================================
% Matlab program to simulate the movement of a simple pendulum.
% The differential equations find the unknown angles of the pendulum.
% These are then converted into cartesian co ordinates x and y for the
% simulation.
% In addition, the user has the option of selecting either a phase portrait
% or a time series plot. These remain in polar coordinates.
% Created by James Adams 31/3/14
%==========================================================================
clear % Clears command history
clc % Clears command window
clf % Clears figure window
%========= Sets initial parameters for pendulum ===========================
g = 9.81; % Gravity (ms-2)
l = 4; % pendulum length (m)
initialangle1 = pi/2; % Initial angle 1
initialangle2 = 0; % Initial angle 2
%====== Sets x and y coordinates of pendulum top =========================
pendulumtopx = 0;
pendulumtopy = l;
fprintf('Single pendulum simulation by James Adams \n\n')
choice = input('Press 1 for a phase portrait or 2 for a time serie plot : ');
iterations = 1; % Sets initial iteration count to 1
pausetime = 0.1; % Pauses animation for this time
runtime = 50; % Runs simulations for this time
tx = 0; % Ensures time series plot remains in the figure window
%============== Solves simple pendulum differential equations =============
deq1=@(t,x) [x(2); -g/l * sin(x(1))]; % Pendulum equations uncoupled
[t,sol] = ode45(deq1,[0 runtime],[initialangle1 initialangle2]); % uses a
numerical ode solver
sol1 = sol(:,1)'; % takes the transpose for plots
sol2 = sol(:,2)';
arraysize = size(t); % Defines array size of time intervals
timestep = t(runtime) - t(runtime-1); % Calculates the time step of these
intervals
cartesianx = l*sin(sol1); % Converts angles into cartesian coordinates
cartesiany = l*cos(sol2);

## %============== plots results at each time interval =======================

for i = 1 : max(arraysize)
subplot(2,1,1)
plotarrayx = [pendulumtopx cartesianx(iterations)];
plotarrayy = [pendulumtopy cartesiany(iterations)];

plot(cartesianx(iterations),cartesiany(iterations),'ko',plotarrayx,plotarrayy,'r-')
title(['Simple pendulum simulation \theta = '
num2str(sol1(iterations))],'fontsize',12)
xlabel('x [m]','fontsize',12)
ylabel('y [m]','fontsize',12)
axis([min(cartesianx) max(cartesianx) min(cartesiany) max(cartesiany)])
subplot(2,1,2)
% Plots either a phase portrait or time series depending on choice
if choice == 1
plot(sol1(iterations),sol2(iterations),'bo')
hold on
title('Simple pendulum phase portrait','fontsize',12)
xlabel('\theta1','fontsize',12)
ylabel('\theta2','fontsize',12)
axis([min(sol1) max(sol1) min(sol2) max(sol2)])
elseif choice == 2
plot(t(iterations),sol1(iterations),'bo')
title(['Simple pendulum time series for \theta1 t = '
num2str(t(iterations))],'fontsize',12)
xlabel('t [seconds]','fontsize',12)
ylabel('\theta1','fontsize',12)
hold on % Holds previous values
axis([0 t(iterations)+(t(2)-t(1)) min(sol1) max(sol1)])
tx = tx + timestep; % Aligns results with the figure window
end
pause(pausetime) % Shows results at each time interval
iterations = iterations + 1; % increases iteration count by 1
end
%=========================== End of program ===============================