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Newton - corpuscles, atom like particles daw Newton (Light is a particle)

yung light (sa Huygens ata dapat to)

Some argued that if light is consists of
Greek philosophers – the eyes are the source of particles, when to light beams are crossed
light particles would collide with each other
Alhazen - may light source like the sun
Light emitted by source (near or far) arrives
Quanta - discrete wave/atom like packets of at the mirror surface as a stream of particles,
light which bounce away or are reflected from a
smooth surface
Huygens (Light is a wave)
Postulated that the more light was refracted, Upon impacting a mirror: the particles
the slower it moves across the substance bounce from different points, so their order
in the light beam is reversed upon reflection
His followers concluded that if light is a
particle it should have an opposite effect
(be faster)

Wave theory: light source emits light waves

that spread in all directions

Shape of arriving waves is strongly

dependent upon how far the light source is
from the mirror

Thomas Young = postulated that light of “Light is never known to follow crooked
different colors was composed of waves passages nor bend into the shadow”
having different lengths
Light particles must always travel in straight

Effects observed with polarized light:

Light consists of transverse waves that are
perpendicular to the direction of propagation The particle theory: Colors derived from
particles having different mass or speed
Major to wave theory (1880s): first Concave mirrors
discovered that under certain conditions, Beyond C
light could dislodge electrons from the atoms
of several metals

Photoelectric effect:
Ultraviolet rays could relieve atoms of
electrons in a wide variety of metals to
produce a positive electrical charge

Philipp Leonard: L = Front; O = Upright; S = Small; T = Real

used a prism to split white light into its ------
component colors, then selectively focused
each color at a metal plate to expel electrons

Increase or decrease in amount of light

results to increase or decrease in expelled

Leonard (ulit): link between wavelength and At C

energy, shorter wavelength = greater energy L=Front; O=Upright; S=Same; T=Real

Between C & F
L= Front; O=Upright; S=Larger; T=Real
Einstein (Light is a wave & particle) At F
In 1905, Albert Einstein postulated that light
have some particle characteristics despite it
having strong evidences wave-like nature

Between F & V

L=Back; O=Upright; S=Larger; T=Virtual

At F

Convex Mirrors

Between F & O
Kahit anong position same parin:
L = Back; O = Upright; S = Smaller; T = Virtual

Converging Lenses
Beyond 2F

At 2F

Between 2F & F