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Appendiks B

Neraca Panas
B-1

APPENDIX B
PERHITUNGAN NERACA PANAS

Kapasitas produksi : 15.000 ton/ tahun


Waktu operasi : 24 jam/hari ; 330 hari/tahun
Satuan massa : kilogram
Satuan panas : kilokalori

Persamaan panas untuk kondisi aliran steady: Q =

Dengan :

= Panas ; Kkal

n = Berat bahan ; Kkal


Cp = Spesific heat ; Kkal/kmol kelvin
Tref = Suhu Reference ; kelvin
T = Suhu bahan ; kelvin
Cp = A + BT + C.T2 + D.T3 (Sherwood Appendix A)
Dengan :
Cp = Spesific heat ; Kkal/kmol kelvin
A,B,C,D = Konstanta
T = Suhu bahan ; kelvin

Perhitungan integrasi , (Himmelblau : 386)

Cp = A + B.T + C.T2 + D.T3 (Sherwood. App. A)

= A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-2

= Kkal/kmol K X K
= Kkal/Kmol
Data konstanta heat capacities (A,B,C,D)

Komponen BM A B C D Literature
C3H3N 53 2,534 5,273.10 -2 3,739.10 -5 1,099.10 -8 sherwood,A : 110
C3H3NO 71 3,679 5,363.10 -2 2,628.10 -5 4,667.10 -9 sherwood,A : 118
C3H3NO.H2SO4 169 8,087 2,688.10 -3 2,846.10 -6 1,083.10 -9 sherwood,A : 4
-4 -6 -9
NH3 17 4,324 5,492.10 4,078.10 2,830.10 sherwood,A : 22
-4 -6 -9
NH4OH 35 7,629 3,431.10 5,809.10 2,810.10 sherwood,A : 21
-3 -6 -9
(NH4)2SO4 132 7,442 3,410.10 7,099.10 3,232.10 sherwood,A : 18
-2 -5 -8
H2SO4 98 6,709 3,250.10 3,281.10 1,211.10 sherwood,A : 40
-7 -6 -9
O2 32 6,713 8,790.10 4,170.10 2,554.10 sherwood,A : 32
-3 -6 -9
N2 28 7,44 3,240.10 6,400.10 2,790.10 sherwood,A : 29
Udara 28,24 7,077 1,620.10 -3 5,290.10 -6 2,670.10 -9 sherwood,A
perry 7ed 7.2 -
H2O (g) 18 8,22 0,00015 0,00000134
194
-4 -6 -10
H2O (l) 18 7,701 4,505.10 2,521.10 8,590.10 sherwood,A : 20

1. REAKTOR ( R-210 )
Fungsi : mereaksikan acrylonitrile, sulfuric acid, dan air
membentuk Acrylamide sulfate
Kondisi operasi :
- Tekanan operasi : 1 atm (atmospheric pressure)
- Suhu operasi : 900C (krirk othmer. Vol 1 : 278)
- Waktu operasi : 1 jam (krirk othmer. Vol 1 : 278)

Air pendingin (300C , Ulrich : 427)

Acrylonitrile, 300C REAKTOR


Acrylamide sulfate
Sulfuric acid, 300C (900C)

Air pendingin (450C , Ulrich : 427)


Neraca energi total :

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-3

Entalpi bahan masuk :


1. Entalpi acrylonitrile dari F-110 pada suhu = 300C ( 303,15 K )

Massa bahan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol


C3H3N 1.443,4200 53 27,2343
H2O 14,5800 18 0,8100
TOTAL 1.458,0000

Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 300C ( 303,150 K )


 C3H3N

C3H3N = A(T - Tref) + B/2(T2 - Tref2) + C/3(T3 - Tref3) + D/4(T4 - Tref4)

= 2,534 X (303,15 - 298,15) + 5,273.10 -2/2 X (303,152 - 298,152) +


3,739.10 -5/3 X (303,153 - 298,153) + 1,099.10 -8/4 X (303,154 - 298,154)
= 12,6700 + 79,2664 + -16,8989 + 1,4934
= 76,5309 Kkal/Kmol

 H2O liquid

H2O = A(T - Tref) + B/2(T2 - Tref2) + C/3(T3 - Tref3) + D/4(T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (303,15 - 298,15) + 4,505.10 -4/2 X (303,152 - 298,152) +


2,521.10 -6/3 X (303,153 - 298,153) + 8,590.10 -10/4 X (303,154 - 298,154)
= 38,5050 + 0,6772 + 1,1394 + -0,1167
= 40,2049 Kkal/Kmol

Data kapasitas panas :

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-4

Komponen
,( Kkal/Kmol )
C3H3N 76,5309
H2O 40,2049

Entalpi bahan :

∆ H C3H3N 27,2343 Kmol X 76,5309 Kkal/Kmol = 2.084,2688 Kkal


∆ H H2O 0,8100 Kmol X 40,2049 Kkal/Kmol = 32,5660 Kkal
Entalpi total = 2.116,8348 Kkal
Dapat di tabelkan :
Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal
C3H3N 1.443,4200 53 27,2343 76,5309 2.084,2688
H2O 14,5800 18 0,8100 40,2049 32,5660
Total 1.458,0000 2.116,8348

2. Entalpi H2SO4 dari F-110 pada suhu = 300C ( 303,15 K )

Massa bahan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol


H2SO4 2.642,2756 98 26,9620
H2O 53,9240 18 2,9958
TOTAL 2.696,1996

Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 300C ( 303,150 K )


 H2S04

H2S04 = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3(T3 - Tref3) + D/4(T4 - Tref4)

= 6,709 X (303,15 - 298,15) + 3,250.10 -2/2 X (303,152 - 298,152) +


3,281.10 -5/3 X (303,153 - 298,153) + 1,211.10 -8/4 X (303,154 - 298,154)
= 33,5450 + 48,8556 + -14,8289 + 1,6456
= 69,2173 Kkal/Kmol

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-5

 H2O

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (303,15 - 298,15) + 4,505.10 -4/2 X (303,152 - 298,152) +


2,521.10 -6/3 X (303,153 - 298,153) + 8,590.10 -10/4 X (303,154 - 298,154)
= 38,5050 + 0,6772 + 1,1394 + -0,1167
= 40,2049 Kkal/Kmol

Data kapasitas panas :

Komponen

H2SO4 69,2173
H2O 40,2049

Entalpi bahan :

∆ H H2SO4 26,9620 Kmol X 69,2173 Kkal/Kmol = 1.866,2379 Kkal


∆ H H2O 2,9958 Kmol X 40,2049 Kkal/Kmol = 120,4449 Kkal
Entalpi total = 1.986,6828 Kkal

3. Entalpi air proses dari utilitas pada suhu = 300C ( 303,15 K )

Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 300C ( 303,150 K )

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (303,15 - 298,15) + 4,505.10 -4/2 X (303,152 - 298,152) +


2,521.10 -6/3 X (303,153 - 298,153) + 8,590.10 -10/4 X (303,154 - 298,154)
= 38,5050 + 0,6772 + 1,1394 + -0,1167
= 40,2049 Kkal/Kmol

Berat H2O = 582,3791Kg = 32,3544 Kmol

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-6

∆ H H2O = 32,3544 Kmol X 40,2049 Kkal/Kmol = 1.300,8047 Kkal

Total entalpi bahan masuk :


= 2.116,8348 + 1.986,6827 +1.300,8047
= 5.404,3222 Kkal

Entalpi bahan keluar


Entalpi acrylamide sulfat ke R-220 pada suhu : 900C ( 363,150 K)

Massa bahan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j Fraksi mol


C3H5NO.H2SO4 4.556,5774 169 26,9620 0,7401
C3H3N 14,4342 53 0,2723 0,0075
H2O 165,5672 18 9,1982 0,2525
TOTAL 4.736,5787 36,4325 1,0000

Data kapasitas panas bahan pada suhu 900C (363,150 K)

C3H5NO.H2SO4= A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4

(T4 - Tref4)

= 8,087 X (363,15 - 298,15) + 2,688.10 -3/2 X (363,152 - 298,152) +


2,846.10 -6/3 X (363,153 - 298,153) + 1,083.10 -9/4 X (363,154 - 298,154)
= 525,6550 + 57,7712 + -20,2900 + 2,5693
= 565,7055 Kkal/Kmol

C3H5NO.H2SO4 = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4

(T4 - Tref4)

= 2,534 X (363,15 - 298,15) + 5,273.10 -2/2 X (363,152 - 298,152) +


3,739.10 -5/3 X (363,153 - 298,153) + 1,099.10 -8/4 X (363,154 - 298,154)
= 164,7100 + 1.133,2863 + -266,5644 + 26,0731
= 1.057,5050 Kkal/Kmol

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-7

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (363,15 - 298,15) + 4,505.10 -4/2 X (363,152 - 298,152) +


2,521.10 -6/3 X (363,153 - 298,153) + 8,590.10 -10/4 X (363,154 - 298,154)
= 500,5650 + 9,6823 + 17,9730 + -2,0379
= 526,1823 Kkal/Kmol

Hasil perhitungan dapat di tabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal

C3H5NO.H2SO4 4.556,5774 169 26,9620 565,7055 15.252,5505


C3H3N 14,4342 53 0,2723 1057,5050 288,0045
H2O 165,5672 18 9,1982 526,1823 4.839,9177
TOTAL 4.736,5787 36,4325 20.380,4727

Panas reaksi :
Berdasarkan himmelblau 456 :
Panas reaksi standart , 250C :

0
R 250C = 0
F 250C produk] - 0
F 250C reaktan]

Reaksi yang terjadi :


C3H3N (L) + H2SO4 (L) + H2O (L)  C3H5NO.H2SO4 (L)

0
Data F komponen :

Komponen ,Kkal/mol
C3H3N 44,2
H2SO4 - 212,03
H2O (l) -68,32
C3H5NO.H2SO4 -237,54

Tinjauan panas reaksi :

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-8

Dari neraca massa : ( kapasitas 15.000 ton/th )

mol C3H3N = 26,9620 Kmol = 26.961,9962 mol


mol H2SO4 = 26,9620 Kmol = 26.961,9962 mol
mol H2O = 26,9620 Kmol = 26.961,9962 mol
mol C3H5NO.H2SO4 = 26,9620 Kmol = 26.961,9962 mol
0
R 250C

= [(26.961,9962 X -237,54)] - [(26.961,9962 X 44,2) +


(26.961,9962 X -212,03) + (26.961,9962 X -68,32)]
= -6.404.552,5836 - (-6.367.075,4089)
= - 37.477,1748 Kkal
H0
∆ R = ( - ) negatif , reaksi berjalan eksotermis

Neraca energi total :

bahan masuk + reaksi (eksotermis) = bahan keluar + Q terserap

5.404,3222 + 37.477,1748 = 20.380,4727 + Q terserap


Q terserap = 22.501,0243 Kkal
Kebutuhan air pendingin :
Suhu air pendingin masuk : 300 C (Ulrich : 427)
Suhu air pendingin keluar : 450 C (Ulrich : 427)
Cp air pendingin : 1 Kkal/kg 0C (Perry 6ed.fig : 3- 11)
Q terserap = ( m . Cp . )
m air pendingin = Q terserap
( Cp . )
= 2.2501,0243
( 1 X ( 45 - 30 ) )
= 2.2501,0243
15
= 1.500,0683 Kg

NERACA ENERGI
Komponen Masuk (kkal/j) Komponen Keluar (kkal/j)

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-9

Acrylonitrile dr F-110 Campuran ke R-220


C3H3N 2.084,2688 C3H5NO.H2SO4 15.252,5505
H2O 32,5660 C3H3N 288,0045
2.116,8348 H2O 4.839,9177
H2SO4 dr F-120 20.380,4727
H2SO4 1.866,2379
H2O 120,4449
1.986,6827
Air proses dr utilitas
H2O 1.300,8047
Reaksi 37.477,1748 Q terserap 22.501,0243
42.881,4970 42.881,4970

2. NEUTRALIZER ( R-220 )
Fungsi : menetralisir sulfat pada acrylamide sulfat dengan
penambahan larutan amonium
Kondisi operasi :
- Tekanan operasi : 1 atm (athmospheric pressure)
- Suhu operasi : 500C (krirk othmer. Vol 1 : 279)
- Waktu operasi : 1 jam (krirk othmer. Vol 1 : 278)

Air pendingin (300C , Ulrich : 427)

Acrylamide sulfate, 900C


Acrylamide + amonium sulfate ,
Amonia liq 30 C0
500C

Air pendingin (450C , Ulrich : 427)


Neraca energi total :

bahan masuk + reaksi (eksotermis) = bahan keluar + Q terserap

Entalpi bahan masuk


1. Entalpi campuran dr R-210 pada suhu 900C (363,150 k)

Hasil perhitungan dapat di tabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO.H2SO4 4.556,5774 169 26,9620 565,7055 15.252,5505

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
10

C3H3N 14,4342 53 0,2723 1.057,5050 288,0045


H2O 165,5672 18 9,1982 526,1823 4.839,9177
TOTAL 4.736,5787 36,4325 20380,4727

2. Entalpi NH4OH dari F-130 pada suhu 300C (303,150 K)

Massa bahan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j


NH4OH 1.887,3397 35 53,9240
H2O 4.403,7927 18 244,6552
TOTAL 6.291,1325 298,5791
Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 300C (303,150 K)

NH4OH = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 -

Tref4)

= 7,629 X (303,15 - 298,15) + 3,431.10 -4/2 X (303,152 - 298,152) +


5,809.10 -6/3 X (303,153 - 298,153) + 2,810.10 -9/4 X (303,154 - 298,154)
= 38,1450 + 0,5158 + 2,6255 + -0,3818
= 40,9044 Kkal/Kmol

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (303,15 - 298,15) + 4,505.10 -4/2 X (303,152 - 298,152) +


2,521.10 -6/3 X (303,153 - 298,153) + 8,590.10 -10/4 X (303,154 - 298,154)
= 38,5050 + 0,6772 + 1,1394 + -0,1167
= 40,2049 Kkal/Kmol

Hasil perhitungan dapat di tabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
11

NH4OH 1.887,3397 35 53,9240 40,9044 2.205,7268


H2O 4.403,7927 18 244,6552 40,2049 9.836,3318
TOTAL 6.291,1325 298,5791 12042,0586

Entalpi bahan keluar


Entalpi acrylamide ke H-230 pda suhu 500C ( 323,150 K)

Massa bahan :

Komponen Berat (Kg/J) BM Kmol/J


C3H5NO 1.914,3017 71 26,9620
C3H3N 14,4342 53 0,2723
(NH4)2SO4 3.558,9835 132 26,9620
H2O 5.539,9918 18 307,7773
TOTAL 11.027,7112 361,9737

Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 500 C (323,150K)

C3H5NO = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 -

Tref4)

= 3,679 X (323,15 - 298,15) + 5,363.10 -2/2 X (323,152 - 298,152) +


2,628.10 -5/3 X (323,153 - 298,153) + 4,667.10 -9/4 X (323,154 - 298,154)
= 91,9750 + 416,5040 + -63,4370 + 3,5034
= 448,5455 Kkal/Kmol

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
12

C3H3N = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 2,534 X (323,15 - 298,15) + 5,273.10 -2/2 X (323,152 - 298,152) +


3,739.10 -5/3 X (323,153 - 298,153) + 1,099.10 -8/4 X (323,154 - 298,154)
= 63,3500 + 409,5144 + -90,2553 + 8,2500
= 390,8591 Kkal/Kmol

(NH4)2SO4 = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 -

Tref4)

= 7,442 X (323,15 - 298,15) + 3,410.10 -3/2 X (323,152 - 298,152) +


7,099.10 -6/3 X (323,153 - 298,153) + 3,232.10 -9/4 X (323,154 - 298,154)
= 186,0500 + -26,4829 + 17,1362 + -2,4262
= 174,2771 Kkal/Kmol

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (323,15 - 298,15) + 4,505.10 -4/2 X (323,152 - 298,152) +


2,521.10 -6/3 X (323,153 - 298,153) + 8,590.10 -10/4 X (323,154 - 298,154)
= 192,5250 + 3,4987 + 6,0854 + -0,6448
= 201,4643 Kkal/Kmol

Hasil perhitungan dapat di tabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO 1.914,3017 71 26,9620 448,5455 12.093,6810
C3H3N 14,4342 53 0,2723 390,8591 106,4479
(NH4)2SO4 3.558,9835 132 26,9620 174,2771 4.698,8576
H2O 5.539,9918 18 307,7773 201,4643 62.006,1330
TOTAL 11.027,7112 361,9737 78.905,1195

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
13

Panas reaksi :
Berdasarkan himmelblau 456 :
Panas reaksi standart , 250C :

0
R 250C = 0
F 250C produk] - 0
F 250C reaktan]

Reaksi yang terjadi :


C3H5N. H2SO4 (L) + NH4OH(L)  C3H3NO(L) + (NH4)2SO4(L) + 2H2O(L)

0
Data F komponen : (Sherwood , App A)

∆ H0F
Komponen
( Kkal/Kmol)
C3H5N. H2SO4 -237,54 Tinjauan panas reaksi :
NH
mol4OH
C3H5NO.H2SO4 =-87,5926,9620 Kmol = 26.961,9962 mol
C3H3NO 22,1
mol NH4OH = 53,9240 Kmol = 53.923,9925 mol
(NH4)2SO4 -299,33
mol C3H5NO = 26,9620 Kmol = 26.961,9962 mol
H2O -68,32
mol (NH4)2SO4 = 26,9620 Kmol = 26.961,9962 mol
mol H2O = 53,9240 Kmol = 53.923,9925 mol
0
R 250C

= [(26.961,9962 X 22,1) + (26.961,9962 X (-299,33)) + (53.923,9925 X (-68,32))]

[(26.961,9962 X (-237,54)) + (53.923,9925 X (-87,59))]


= -131.006,2957 Kkal
0
R = negatif (-), reaksi berjalan eksotermiss sehingga suhu didalam sistem

lebih tingi dari suhu bahan masuk, maka di perlukan media pendingin untuk suhu
sistem.

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
14

Neraca energi total :


∆ H bahan masuk + ∆ H reaksi (eksotermis) = ∆ H bahan keluar + Q terserap

32.422,5313 + 131.006,2957 = 78.905,1195 + Q terserap


Q terserap = 84523,7075
Kebutuhan air pendingin :
Suhu air pendingin masuk : 300 C (Ulrich : 427)
Suhu air pendingin keluar : 450 C (Ulrich : 427)
Cp air pendingin : 1 Kkal/kg 0C (Perry 6ed.fig : 3- 11)
Q terserap = ( m . Cp . )
m air pendingin = Q terserap
( Cp . )

= 84523,7075
1 X (45-30)
= 84523,7075
15
= 5634,9138 Kg
NERACA ENERGI

Komponen Masuk (kkal/j) Komponen Keluar (kkal/j)


Campuran dr R-210 Campuran Ke H-230
C3H5NO.H2SO4 15.252,5505 C3H5NO 12.093,6810
C3H3N 288,0045 C3H3N 106,4479
H2O 4.839,9177 (NH4)2SO4 4.698,8576
20.380,4727 H2O 62.006,1330
NH4OH dr F-130 78.905,1195
NH4OH 2.205,7268
H2O 9.836,3318
12.042,0586
∆ H Reaksi 131.006,2957 Q terserap 84523,7075
163.428,8269 163.428,8269

3. EVAPORATOR ( V – 240 )

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
15

Fungsi : memekatjan larutan acrylamide


Kondisi operasi :
- Tekanan operasi : 26 in Hg ( 0,13 atm )(Baddger : 204)
- Suhu
Steamoperasi
(1480C) : 70 C
0
Uap Air (Hugot : 490)
- Waktu operasi : continous

Lar. Acrylamide 500C Lar. Acrylamide pekat 700C

Steam condensate
Neraca panas total :
∆ H bahan masuk + Q supply = ∆ H bahan keluar + Q lass
Entalpi bahan masuk
Entalpi campuran dari H-240 pada suhu 500C (323,150C)

Hasil perhitungan dapat di tabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO 1.876,0157 71 26,4228 448,5455 11.851,8084
C3H3N 14,1455 53 0,2669 390,8591 104,3189
H2O 5.429,1919 18 301,6218 201,4643 60.766,0195
TOTAL 7.319,3531 328,3114 72.722,1469

Entalpi bahan keluar :


1. Entalpi larutan ke S-310 pada suhu 700C (343,150k)

Massa bahan masuk :

Komponen Berat (Kg/J) BM Kmol/J


C3H5NO 1.876,0157 71 26,4228
C3H3N 14,1455 53 0,2669

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
16

H2O 5.429,1919 18 301,6218


TOTAL 7.319,3531 328,3114

Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 700C (343,15 K)

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 3,679 X (343,15 - 298,15) + 5,363.10 -2/2 X (343,152 - 298,152) +


2,628.10 -5/3 X (343,153 - 298,153) + 4,667.10 -9/4 X (343,154 - 298,154)
= 165,5550 + 773,8407 + -121,7903 + 6,9579
= 824,5633 Kkal/Kmol

C3H3N = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 2,534 X (343,15 - 298,15) + 5,273.10 -2/2 X (343,152 - 298,152) +


3,739.10 -5/3 X (343,153 - 298,153) + 1,099.10 -8/4 X (343,154 - 298,154)
= 114,0300 + 760,8544 + -173,2777 + 16,3846
= 717,9913 Kkal/Kmol

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (343,15 - 298,15) + 4,505.10 -4/2 X (343,152 - 298,152) +


2,521.10 -6/3 X (343,153 - 298,153) + 8,590.10 -10/4 X (343,154 - 298,154)
= 346,5450 + 6,5004 + 11,6832 + -1,2807
= 363,4479 Kkal/Kmol

Hasil perhitungan dapat di tabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO 1.876,0157 71 26,4228 824,5633 21.787,2350
C3H3N 14,1455 53 0,2669 717,9913 191,6294

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
17

H2O 5.429,1919 18 301,6218 363,4479 109.623,7923


TOTAL 7.319,3531 328,3114 131.602,6567

2. Entalpi uap air pada suhu 70 C (343,15 K)

Massa bahan :

Komponen Berat (Kg/J) BM Kmol/J


H2O 3.553,1762 18 197,3987

Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 700C (343,15 K)

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 8,22 X (343,15 - 298,15) + 0,00015/2 X (343,152 - 298,152) +


0,00000134/3 X (343,153 - 298,153) + 0/4 X (343,154 - 298,154)
= 369,9000 + 2,1644 + 6,2100 + 0
= 378,2744 Kkal/Kmol

Hasil perhitungan dapat ditabelkan :


Berat λ (Kkal /
Komponen BM Kmol/J ,Kkal
(Kg/J) Kmol)
H2O 3.553,1762 18 197,3987 378,2744 9.729,0000 1.995.162,6166

Total entalpi nahan keluar = 131.602,6567 + 1.995.162,6166


= 2.126.765,2733
Neraca massa total :
∆ H bahan masuk + Q supply = ∆ H bahan keluar + Q loss
Asumsi Q loss = 5 % (Ulrich : 432)

72.722,1469 + Q Supply = 2.126.765,2733 + 5% Q supply


Q Supply = 2.162.150,6594
Q LOSS = 108.107,5330 Kkal

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
18

Kebutuhan steam :
Dipakai steam pada tekanan 4,5 atm dengan suhu steam 1480C ( 298,40F )
(Ulrich : 426)

λ steam = 653,1 ( smith, tabel C-3)


Q steam = M steam . λ Steam
M steam = λ/Q
= 3.310,5966 Kg

NERACA PANAS

Komponen Masuk (kkal/j) Komponen Keluar (kkal/j)


∆ H filtrat dr H-240 ∆ H larutan ke S-310
C3H5NO 11.851,8084 C3H5NO 21.787,2350
C3H3N 104,3189 C3H3N 191,6294
H2O 60.766,0195 H2O 109.623,7923
72.722,1469 131.602,6567
∆ H Uap air
H2O 1.995.162,6166
Q Supply 2.162.150,6594 Q Loss 108.107,5330
2.234.872,8063 2.234.872,8063

4. CRYSTALIZER ( S-310 )
Fungsi : mengkristalkan larutan acrylamide
Kondisi operasi :
- Tekanan operasi : 1 atm (Athmmospheric atmosfer)
- Suhu operasi : 320C (Suhu ruang)
- Waktu operasi : continous

Air pendingin , 300C

Neraca massa liq


Acrylamide total
∆ H bahan masuk + Q crystalizer = ∆ H bahan keluar + Q terserap
Acrylamide Kristal
Entalpi bahan masuk :
Entalpi campuran dr V-250 pada suhu 700C ( 343,15 K )
Air pendingin , 450C

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
19

Hasil perhitungan dapat ditabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO 1.876,0157 71 26,4228 824,5633 21.787,2350
C3H3N 14,1455 53 0,2669 717,9913 191,6294
H2O 1.876,0157 18 104,2231 363,4479 37.879,6620
TOTAL 3.766,1769 130,9127 59.858,5265

Entalpi bahan keluar :


Entalpi campuran ke H-320 pada suhu : 320C (305,15 k )

Massa bahan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j


C3H5NO (C) 1.863,3317 71 26,2441
C3H5NO (L) 12,6840 71 0,1786
C3H3N 14,1455 53 0,2669
H2O 1.876,0157 18 104,2231
TOTAL 3.766,1769 104,6686

C3H5NO = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 -

Tref4)

= 3,679 X (305,15 - 298,15) + 5,363.10-2/2 X (305,15 - 298,15) +


-2,628.10-5/3 X (305,15 - 298,15) + 4,667.10-9/4 X (305,15 - 298,15) -
= 25,7530 + 113,2424 + -16,7398 + 0,8968
= 123,1525 Kkal/Kmol

C3H3N = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
20

= 2,534 X (305,15 - 298,15) + 5,273.10-2/2 X (305,15 - 298,15) +


-3,739.10-5/3 X (305,15 - 298,15) + 1,099.10-8/4 X (305,15 - 298,15)
= 17,7380 + 111,3420 + -23,8166 + 2,1119
= 107,3753 Kkal/Kmol

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (305,15 - 298,15) + 4,505.10-4/2 X (305,15 - 298,15) +


2,521.10-6/3 X (305,15 - 298,15) + -8,590.10-10/4 X (305,15 - 298,15)
= 53,9070 + 0,9513 + 1,6058 + -0,1651
= 56,2990 Kkal/Kmol

Hasil perhitungan dapat ditabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO (C) 1.863,3317 71 26,2441 123,1525 3.232,0269
C3H5NO (L) 12,6840 71 0,1786 123,1525 22,0009
C3H3N 14,1455 53 0,2669 107,3753 28,6581
H2O 1.876,0157 18 104,2231 56,2990 5.867,6567
TOTAL 3.766,1769 130,9127 9.150,3426

Panas kristalisasi = Q Crystalization :


Berat kristal = 26,2441 Kmol
∆ Hs = -6,812 Kkal/Kmol (Perry 7ed T.2-225)
Q Crystalization = 26,2441 Kmol X 26,2441 Kmol
= -178,775 Kkal
Neraca panas total :
∆ H bahan masuk + Q crystalizer = ∆ H bahan keluar + Q terserap

59.858,5265 + 178,7749 = 9.150,3426 + Q terserap

Q terserap = 50.886,9587 Kkal


Kebutuhan air pendingin :
Suhu air pendingin masuk = 300C ( Ulrich : 427 )
Suhu air pendingin keluar = 450C ( Ulrich : 427 )
Cp air pendingin = 1 Kkal/kg 0C ( Perry 6ed: fig 3-11)

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
21

Q terserap = ( m.Cp. ∆ T )
m air pendingin = Q terserap
( Cp. ∆ T )

= 50.886,9587
(1 X (45-30)
= 3.392,4639 Kg

NERACA PANAS
Komponen Masuk (kkal/j) Komponen Keluar (kkal/j)
∆ H larutan dr V-250 ∆ H produk ke H-320
C3H5NO 21.787,2350 C3H5NO (C) 3.232,0269
C3H3N 191,6294 C3H5NO (L) 22,0009
H2O 37.879,6620 C3H3N 28,6581
59.858,5265 H2O 5.867,6567
9.150,3426
Q Crystalization 178,7749 Q Terserap 50.886,9587
60.037,3013 60.037,3013

5. ROTARY DRYER (B-330)


Fungsi : Mengeringkan kristal acrylamide

Udara panas + padatan Udara Panas, 800


C

Kristal basah, 320 C Kristal Kering, 750


Neraca panas total :
C masuk
∆ H bahan masuk + ∆ H udara masuk = ∆ H bahan keluar + ∆ H udara

Entalpi masuk :
Entalpi kristal basah dr H-320 pada suhu 320C (305,150K)

Hasil dapat ditabelkan :

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
22

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO 1.864,6001 71 26,2620 123,1525 3.234,2270
C3H3N 1,4146 53 0,0267 107,3753 2,8658
H2O 187,6016 18 10,4223 56,2990 586,7657
Total 2.053,6162 36,7110 3.823,8584

Entalpi bahan keluar :


1. Entalpi kristal kering ke E-340 pada suhu 750C :

Massa bahan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j


C3H5NO 1.864,6001 71 26,2620
C3H3N 1,4146 53 0,0267
H2O 187,6016 18 10,4223
Total 2.053,6162 36,7110

Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 750C (348,150K)

C3H5NO = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 -

Tref4)

= 3,679 X (348,15 – 298,15) + 5,363.10-2/2 X (348,15 – 298,15) +


-2,628.10-5/3 X (348,15 – 298,15) + 4,667.10-9/4 X (348,15 – 298,15)
= 183,9500 + 866,5267 + -137,4894 + 7,9216
= 920,9089 Kkal/Kmol

C3H3N = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 2,534 X (348,15 – 298,15) + 5,273.10-2/2 X (348,15 – 298,15) +

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
23

-3,739.10-5/3 X (348,15 – 298,15) + 1,099.10-8/4 X (348,15 – 298,15)


= 126,7000 + 851,9850 + -195,6137 + 18,6540
= 801,7252 Kkal/Kmol

H2O = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (348,15 – 298,15) + 4,505.10-4/2 X (348,15 – 298,15) +


2,521.10-6/3 X (348,15 – 298,15) + -8,590.10-10/4 X (348,15 – 298,15)
= 385,0500 + 7,2790 + 13,1891 + -1,4580
= 404,0601 Kkal/Kmol

Hasil perhitungan dapat di tabelkan

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO 1.845,9541 71 25,9994 920,9089 23.943,0361
C3H3N 1,4004 53 0,0264 801,7252 21,1838
H2O 28,1323 18 1,5629 404,0601 631,5078
Total 1.875,4868 27,5887 24.595,7277

2. Entalpi campuran ke H-331 pada suhu 750C

Hasil perhitungan dapat ditabelkan :


Berat λ (Kkal /
Komponen BM Kmol/j ,Kkal
(kg/j) Kmol)
C3H5NO 18,6460 71 0,2626 920,9089 241,8488
C3H3N 0,0141 53 0,0003 801,7252 0,2140
H2O 159,4693 18 8,8594 420,4341 9729,0000 89.917,9346
Total 178,1294 90.159,9975

Cara perhitungan untuk uap H2O :


Entalpi uap air :

( Terjadi perubahan fase )


n Pra Desain
+ nPabrik
λ Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses
Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
24

Berat H2O ( Uap ) = 8,8594 Kmol

H2O ( Uap ) = 420,4341 Kkal/Kmol

λ H2O ( Uap ) = 9729 Kkal/Kmol (perry 7ed; T.2-190)

Entalpi uap air

n +nλ

= (8,8594 x 420,4341) + (8,8594 x 9729)

= 89917,935 Kkal
Neraca panas total :
∆ H bahan masuk + ∆ H udara masuk = ∆ H bahan keluar + ∆ H udara masuk
3.823,8584 + ∆ H udara masuk = 114.755,7251 + ∆ H udara masuk

Suhu udara masuk = 800C

Udara = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,077 X (353,15 – 298,15) + -1,620.10-3/2 X (353,15 – 298,15) +


5,290.10-6/3 X (353,15 – 298,15) + -2,670.10-9/4 X (353,15 – 298,15)
= 389,2350 + -29,0154 + 30,9280 + -5,1076
= 386,0400 Kkal /Kmol

udara, 800C = 386,0400 Kkal/ Kmol


Suhu udara Keluar = 750C

Udara = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
25

= 7,077 X (348,15 – 298,15 ) + -1,620.10-3/2 X (348,15 – 298,15 ) +


5,290.10-6/3 X (348,15 – 298,15 ) + -2,670.10-9/4 X (348,15 – 298,15 )
= 353,8500 + -26,1752 + 27,67576067 + -4,53195195
= 350,8187 Kkal/Kmol

udara, 750C = 350,8187 Kkal/ Kmol

3.823,8584 + = 114.755,7251 + udara keluar


udara masuk
n
n
3.823,8584 + 386,0400 n = 114.755,7251 + 350,8187 n
35,2214 n = 110.931,8667
n = 3.149,5627 Kmol

udara yang terdiri dari = 21% O2 dan 79% N2


O2 dalam udara = 21% X 3.149,5627 Kmol
= 661,4082 Kmol X 32
= 21.165,0611 Kg

N2 dalam udara = 79% X 3.149,5627 Kmol


= 2.488,1545Kmol X 28
= 69.668,3262Kg

Perhitungan entalpi udara :


1. Entalpi udara masuk :

udara, 800C = 386,0400 Kkal/ Kmol


Mol udara = 3.149,5627 Kmol
H udara masuk = 386,0400 Kkal/ Kmol X 3.149,5627 Kmol
= 1.215.857,2167 Kkal

∆ H O2 = 661,4082 Kmol X 386,0400 Kkal/ Kmol


= 255.330,0155Kkal
∆ H N2 = 2.488,1545Kmol X 386,0400 Kkal/ Kmol
= 960.527,2012 Kkal

2. Entalpi udara keluar

udara, 750C = 350,8187 Kkal/ Kmol

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
26

Mol udara = 3.149,5627 Kmol


∆ H udara masuk = 350,8187 Kkal/ Kmol X 3.149,5627 Kmol
= 1.104.925,3500 Kkal
∆ H O2 = 661,4082 Kmol X 350,8187 Kkal/ Kmol
= 232.034,3235 Kkal
∆ H N2 = 2.488,1545Kmol X 350,8187 Kkal/ Kmol
= 872.891,0265 Kkal

NERACA PANAS :

Komponen Masuk (kkal/j) Komponen Keluar (kkal/j)


∆ H cake dr H-320 ∆ H Kristal ke E-340
C3H5NO 3.234,2270 C3H5NO 23.943,0361
C3H3N 2,8658 C3H3N 21,1838
H2O 586,7657 H2O 631,5078
3.823,8584 24.595,7277
∆ H dara panas ∆ H Campuran ke H-331
O2 255.330,0155 C3H5NO 241,8488
N2 960.527,2012 C3H3N 0,2140
1.215.857,2167 H2O 89.917,9346
O2 232.034,3235
N2 872.891,0265
1.195.085,3474
1.219.681,0751 1.219.681,0751

6. HEATER (E-333)
Fungsi : memanaskan udara menjadi udara panas pada suhu 800C

Steam, 1480C

Udara bebas (300C) Udara panas (800C)


Neraca panas total :
∆ H bahan masuk + Q supply = ∆ H bahan keluar + Q loss
Entalpi masuk : Steam condensate,148 0
C
0
Entalpi udara bebas pada suhu 30 C

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
27

Massa bahan : kebutuhan udara pada dryer

Komponen Berat kg/j BM Kmol /j


O2 21.165,0611 32 661,4082
N2 69.668,3262 28 2.488,1545
Total 90.833,3873 3.149,5627

Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 300C (303,15 K)

O2 = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 6,713 X (303,15 – 298,15) + -8,790.10-7/2 X (303,15 – 298,15) +


4,170.10-6/3 X (303,15 – 298,15) + -2,544.10-9/4 X (303,15 – 298,15)
= 33,5650 + -0,0013 + 1,8847 + -0,3471
= 35,1013 Kkal/Kmol

N2 = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,44 X (303,15 – 298,15) + -3,240.10-3/2 X (303,15 – 298,15) +


6,400.10-6/3 X (303,15 – 298,15) + -2,790.10-9/4 X (303,15 – 298,15)
= 37,2000 + -4,8705 + 2,8926 + -0,3791
= 34,8429 Kkal/Kmol

Hasil perhitungan dapat ditabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


O2 21.165,0611 32 661,4082 35,1013 23.216,2878
N2 69.668,3262 28 2.488,1545 34,8429 86.694,5197
Total 90.833,3873 109.910,8076

Entalpi keluar :

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
28

Berdasarkan dryer, entalpi udara panas masuk = 1.215.857,2167 Kkal

Neraca energi total :


∆ H bahan masuk + Q supply = ∆ H bahan keluar + Q loss
Asumsi Q loss = 5% Q supply (Ulrich : 432)

109.910,8076 + Q supply = 1.215.857,2167 Kkal + 5% Q supply


Q supply - 5% q supply = 1.105.946,4091 Kkal
Q supply = 1164154,115 Kkal
Q loss = 58207,70574 Kkal
Kebutuhan steam :
Dipakai steam pada tekanan steam 4,5 atm dengan suhu steam 1480C (Ulrich:426)
λ Steam = 653,1 Kkal/Kg (smith, T C-2)
Q Steam = M Steam . λ

M steam = Q Steam
λ
= 1164154,115 Kkal
653,1 Kkal/Kg
= 1.782,5052 Kg

NERACA PANAS

Komponen Masuk (kkal/j) Komponen Keluar (kkal/j)


∆ H udara bebas ∆ H udara panas
O2 23.216,2878 O2 255.330,0155
N2 86.694,5197 N2 960.527,2012
109.910,8076 1.215.857,2167

Q supply 1.164.154,1148 Q loss 58.207,7057


1.274.064,9224 1.274.064,9224

7. COOLING CONVEYOR (E-340)


Fungsi : mendinginkan kristal Acrylamide

Air pendingin, 300C

(750C)
Kristal Acrylamide Pra Kristal Acrylamide
Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan
0
Proses (32 C)
Netralisasi

Air pendingin keluar,450C


Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
29

Neraca panas total :


∆ H bahan masuk = ∆ H bahan keluar + Q terserap

Entalpi masuk :
1. Entalpi kristal dari B-330 pada suhu 750C

Perhitungan dapat ditabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO 1.845,9541 71 25,9994 920,9089 23.943,0361
C3H3N 1,4004 53 0,0264 801,7252 21,1838
H2O 28,1323 18 1,5629 404,0601 631,5078
Total 1.875,4868 24.595,7277

2. Entalpi kristal dari H-331


Perhitungan dapat ditabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO 18,4595 71 0,2599 920,9089 239,4304
C3H3N 0,0140 53 0,0003 801,7252 0,2118
Total 18,4735 239,6422

Total entalpi masuk : 24.595,7277 + 239,6422 = 24.835,3699 Kkal

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
30

Entalpi keluar :
Entalpi kristal ke C-350 pada suhu 320C (305,15 K)

Bahan masuk ;

Komponen Berat (Kg/J) BM Kmol/J


C3H5NO 1.864,4137 71 26,2593
C3H3N 1,4144 53 0,0267
H2O 28,1323 18 1,5629

Data kapasitas panas pada suhu 320C (305,15 K)

C3H5NO = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 -

Tref4)

= 3,679 X (305,15 – 298,15) + 5,363.10-2/2 X (305,15 – 298,15) +


-2,628.10-5/3 X (305,15 – 298,15) + 4,667.10-9/4 X (305,15 – 298,15)
= 25,7530 + 113,2424 + -16,7398 + 0,8968
= 123,1525 Kkal/Kmol

C3H3N = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 2,534 X (305,15 – 298,15) + 5,273.10-2/2 X (305,15 – 298,15) +


-3,738.10-5/3 X (305,15 – 298,15) + 1,099.10-8/4 X (305,15 – 298,15)
= 17,7380 + 111,3420 + -23,8166 + 2,1119
= 107,3753 Kkal/Kmol

C3H3N = A (T - Tref) + B/2 (T2 - Tref2) + C/3 (T3 - Tref3) + D/4 (T4 - Tref4)

= 7,701 X (305,15 – 298,15) + 4,505.10-4/2 X (305,15 – 298,15) +

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
31

2,521.10-6/3 X (305,15 – 298,15) + -8,590.10-10/4 X (305,15 – 298,15)


= 53,9070 + 0,9513 + 1,6058 + -0,1651
= 56,2990 Kkal/Kmol

Hasil perhitungan dapat ditabelkan :

Komponen Berat (kg/j) BM Kmol/j ,Kkal


C3H5NO 1.864,4137 71 26,2593 123,1525 3.233,9035
C3H3N 1,4144 53 0,0267 107,3753 2,8655
H2O 28,1323 18 1,5629 56,2990 87,9900
Total 1.893,9604 3.324,7591

Neraca panas total :


∆ H bahan masuk = ∆ H bahan keluar + Q terserap

24.835,3699 = 3.324,7591 + Q terserap


Q terserap = 21.510,6108 Kkal

Kebutuhan air pendingin :


Suhu air pendingin masuk = 300C
Suhu air pendingin keluar = 450C
Cp air pendingin = 1 Kkal/ Kmol
Q terserap = m.Cp. ∆ T
M air pendingin = Q terserap
(Cp. ∆ T)

= 21.510,6108
(1 X (45-30)
= 1.434,0407 Kg
NERACA PANAS

Komponen Masuk (kkal/j) Komponen Keluar (kkal/j)


∆ H udara bebas dr B-330 ∆ H udara panas Ke C-350
C3H5NO 23.943,0361 C3H5NO 3.233,9035

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi
Appendiks B
Neraca Panas
B-
32

C3H5N 21,1838 C3H5N 2,8655


H2O 631,5078 H2O 87,9900
24.595,7277 3.324,7591
∆ H kristal dr H-331
C3H5NO 239,4304 Q Terserap 21.510,6108
C3H5N 0,2118
239,6422
24.835,3699 24.835,3699

Pra Desain Pabrik Acrylamide Dari Acrylonitrile Dengan Proses


Netralisasi