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AC MACHINES

1) The basic function of a transformer is to change

a) the level of the voltage

b) the power level

c) the power factor

d) the frequency

2) In an ordinary transformer which of the following does not change

a) Voltage

b) Current

c) Frequency

d) All of the above

3) The efficiency of the power transformer is

a) 50%

b) 60%

c) 80%

d) 95%

4) In a transformer electrical power is transferred from primary to secondary

a) Through air

b) By magnetic flux

c) Through insulation medium

d) None of these
5) The two windings of transformers are

a) Conductively linked

b) Inductively linked

c) Not linked at all

d) Electrically linked

6) Transformer action requires a

a) constant magnetic flux

b) increasing magnetic flux

c) alternating magnetic flux

d) alternating electric flux

7) The flux created by the current flowing through the primary winding induces emf in

a) primary winding only

b) secondary winding only

c) transformer core only

d) both primary and secondary windings

8) The primary and secondary windings of a power transformer always have

a) a common magnetic circuit

b) separate magnetic circuit

c) wire of same size

d) same number of turns


9) The iron core in a transformer provides a _______ path to a main flux

a) low reluctance

b) high reluctance

c) low resistance

d) high conductivity

10) If rated dc voltage applied instead of ac to the primary of a transformer

a) secondary of transformer will burn

b) primary transformer will burn

c) secondary voltage will be excessively high

d) there will be no secondary voltage

11) A transformer transforms

a) voltage b) current

c) voltage and current d) frequency

12) For an ideal transformer the window should have

a) maximum resistance on primary side and least resistance on secondary side

b) least resistance on primary side and maximum resistance on secondary side

c) equal resistance on primary and secondary sides

d) no ohmic resistance on either side

13) The core flux in transformer depends mainly on

a) supply voltage

b) supply voltage and frequency


c) supply voltage frequency and local

d) supply voltage and load but independent of frequency

14) when voltage is transformed from primary to secondary then it is__________

a) multiplied by k2 b) multiplied by k

c) divided by k2 d) divided by

15) The applied voltage of a certain transformer is increased by 75% while the frequency of
the applied voltage is reduced by 25%. The maximum core flux density will

a) increase by seven times b) increase by three times

c) reduce to one quarter d) remain the same

16) On no-load phasor diagram of transformer, the core loss component of the current
remains in phase with

a) no-load current b) primary supply voltage

c) core flux d) primary induced voltage

17) In a transformer, the exciting current will be in phase quadrature with the impressed
voltage provided

a) only the leakage impedance drop is ignored

b) only the core loss is ignored

c) both the leakage impedance drop and the core loss are ignored

d) only the no-load copper loss is ignored

18) The power factor of a power transformer on no load will be about

a) unity b) 0.75 c) 0.5 d) 0.35


19) The power factor of a transformer on no load is poor due to

a) magnetizing reactance of the transformer

b) open-circuited secondary

c) low primary winding resistance

d) low no-load current

20) Primary winding of a transformer comprises of two identical windings in parallel. If one
winding is removed, magnetizing current will be

a) halved b) the same c) doubled d) increased four times

21) The core flux of a practical transformer with a resistance load

a) is strictly constant with load changes

b) increases linearly with load

c) increases as the square root of the load

d) decreases with increase of load

22) The inductive reactance of a transformer depends on

a) electromotive force b) magnetomotive force

c) magnetic flux d) leakage flux

23) The outer cage of a double squirrel rotor consists of

a) Manganese brass

b) Red copper

c) Bronze
d) Steel

24) In the equivalent ckt of a double-cage induction motor, the two rotor cages can be
considered

a) To be parallel

b) To br in series-parallel

c) To be in series

d) To be in parallel with stator

25) The purpose of the starter is to

a) Limit the starting current

b) Limit the speed

c) Protect against over voltage

d) Produce back emf

26) For a starting a 3-ph induction motor is about ____ of its full-load rated current

a) Half

b) Twice

c) 5 to 7 times

d) 15 to 20 times

27) Synchronous speed of an induction motor can be increased by

a) Reducing mechanical friction

b) Increasing supply voltage

c) Increasing number of poles


d) Increasing supply frequency

28) while operating on variable frequency supplies, the ac motor requires variable voltage as
well in order to

a) Protect the insulation

b) Avoid the effect of saturation

c) Improve the capabilities of the inverter

d) Protect the thyristor from dv/dt

29) In rotor resistance control of induction motor, the hardness of speed torque characteristics

a) Increases

b) Decreases

c) Remain same

30) During plugging of an induction motor

a) Phase sequence is reversed

b) A dc source is connected to stator

c) One phase is open-circuited

d) Power is fed back to mains

31) The method that gives continuous speed control of a slip-ring induction motor is

a) Rotor resistance control

b) Secondary foreign voltage control

c) Concatenation or cascade operation


32) In case of voltage injection method of speed control, the injected emf should be of

a) Supply frequency (f)

b) Slip frequency(sf)

c) (1-s)f

d) (2-s)f

33) Induction generators deliver power at

a) Leading power factor only

b) Lagging power factor only

c) Leading as well as lagging power factor

d) Unity power factor only

34) linear induction motor is used in

a) Traction

b) Magnetic attraction

c) Mechanical workshops

d) Textile mills

35) In a split phase motor the ratio of number of turns on auxiliary winding to that on main
winding is

a) Unity

b) Less than one

c) More than one

d) Two
36) why is a centrifugal switch used in a 1-ph induction motor

a) To protect the motor from overloading

b) To improve the starting performance of the motor

c) To cut off the starting winding at an appropriate instant

d) To cut in the capacitor during running conditions

37) The torque speed characteristics of two phase induction motor is largely affected by

a) Voltage

b) Speed

c) x/r ratio

d) supply frequency

38) The capacitor in a capacitor-start induction run ac motor is connected in series with

a) starting winding

b) running winding

c) squirrel cage winding

d) compensating winding

39) In a shaded pole motor, shading coils are using to

a) reduce winding losses

b) reduce friction losses

c) produce rotating magnetic field

d) protect against sparking

40) The frame of an induction motor is usually made of


a) Silicon steel

b) Cast iron

c) Aluminium

d) Bronze

41) In an induction motor, no-load the slip is generally

a) Less than 1%

b) 5%

c) 2%

d) 4%

42) The shaft of an induction motor is made of

a) Stainless steel

b) Carbon steel

c) Cast iron

d) Aluminium

43) The shaft of an induction motor must be of

a) Solid

b) Hollow

c) Flexible

d) Any of the above


44) Which of the following component is usually fabricated out of silicon steel?

a) Stator core

b) Bearings

c) Shaft

d) None of the above

45) Slip ring of an induction motor is usually made up of

a) Aluminium

b) Copper

c) Phosphorus Bronze

d) Carbon

46. The starting torque of a squirrel-cage induction motor is

a) Full-load torque

b) Slightly more than full-load torque

c) Low

d) Negligible

47. The efficiency of an induction motor is about

a) 100%

b) 80-90%
c) 50-60%

d) Less than 50%

48. A double squirrel-cage induction motor has

a) Two series winding in stator

b) Two parallel windings in stator

c) Two parallel winding in Rotor

d) Two rotors moving in opposite direction

49. The good power factor of an induction motor can be achieved if the average flux density

in the air gap is

a) Infinity

b) Large

c) Absent

d) Small

50. The crawling in the induction motor is caused by

a) High Loads

b) Low Voltage supply

c) Harmonic developed in the motor

d) Improper design of machine


51. The auto-starters (using three auto transformers) can be used to start cage induction
motor of the following type

a) Delta connected only

b) Star connected only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) None of the above

52. If any two phases for an induction motor are interchanged

a) The motor will run in reverse direction

b) The motor will continue to run in the same direction

c) The motor will stop

d) The motor will Burn

53. An induction Motor is

a) Self-starting with high torque

b) Self-starting with zero torque

c) Self-starting with low torque

d) Not self-starting

54. In three-phase squirrel-cage induction motors

a) Rotor conductors are kept open


b) Rotor conductor ends are short-circuited through slip rings

c) Rotor conductors are short-circuited through end rings

d) Rotor conductors are connected to insulation

55) If an induction motor with certain ratio of rotor to stator slots, runs at 1/7 of the normal
speed, the phenomenon will be termed as

a)Humming

b)Hunting

c)Cogging

d)Crawling

56. In a three-phase induction motor, the number of poles in the rotor winding is always

a) Equal to number of poles in stator

b) Zero

c) More than the number of poles in stator

d) Less than the number of poles in stator

57. Which of the following motor has high starting torque?

a) Slip ring Induction motor

b) Squirrel cage induction motor

c) Both 1 & 2

d) None of the above


58. At stand still condition the value of slip is

a) 0

b) Infinity

c) One

d) None of the above

59. The condition for maximum running torque is

a) R= S* X/2

b) R = X/2

c) R =X*S

d) R =X

60. The condition for maximum starting torque is

a) R= S* X/2

b) R = X/2

c) R =X*S

d) R =X

61. In which of the following reason induction motor operation is stable?

a) Low Slip region


b) High slip region

c) Any of the two

d) None of the above

62. Rotor resistance speed control method is not applicable in

a) Slip Ring induction motor

b) Squirrel cage induction motor

c) Synchronous motor

d) None of the above

63. As compared to DOL starting method the star delta starting method should have

a) High torque

b) Low starting current

c) High starting current

d) Smooth acceleration

64. For controlling the speed of an induction motor, if the supply frequency is reduced by
10% then to maintain the same magnetizing current the supply voltage should be

a) Increased by 10%

b) Increased by 20%

c) Decreased by 10%

d) Decreased by 20%
65. If the terminal voltage of an induction motor is decreased then current

a) Decreased

b) Increased

c) Remain same

d) None of the above

66. or starting of an induction motor, star/delta starting can be considered equivalent to an


autotransformer starter with the ratio of

a) 33.3%

b) 50%

c) 100%

d) 57.7%

67. An induction motor is analogous to

a) Auto-transformer

b) Two windings transformer with secondary short circuited

c) Two windings transformer with secondary open circuited

d) Synchronous motor

68. No load test of 3-phase induction motor used to determine


a) Variable loss

b) Constant loss

c) Eddy current loss only

d) Hysteresis loss only

69. In induction generator operation the slip is always

a) Positive

b) Negative

c) Infinite

d) Zero

70. In an induction motor if the air gap is increased than which of the following statement is
correct

a) Power factor will decrease

b) Power factor will increase

c) Speed will increase

d) Speed will decrease

71. If the applied rated voltage per phase is reduced to one-half, then the starting torque of
squirrel cage induction motor becomes

a) 4 times the initial value

b) 2 times the initial value

c) 1/4 of the initial value


d) 1/2 times the initial value

72. what is the ratio of rotor input power to rotor copper loss in an induction motor?

a) 1/(1 – S)

b) 1 – S

c) 1/S

d) S

73. Semi closed slots or totally closed slots are used in induction motors to improve

a) Starting current

b) Starting Torque

c) Power Factor

d) Pull-out Torque

74. The rotor slots are slightly skewed in squirrel cage induction motor in order to

a) Increasing Rotor bar strength

b) Prevent cogging effect

c) Both 1 & 2

d) None of the above

75. If an induction machine is run at above the synchronous speed it acts as


a) Synchronous Motor

b) Synchronous Generator

c) Induction Generator

d) None of the above

76. The best method to increase the starting torque of a 3-phase slip ring induction motor is

a) Rotor Resistance

b) Supply voltage

c) Supply Frequency

d) None of the above

77. A small air gap in 3 phase induction motor helps to

a) Reduce cogging effect

b) Reduce Crawling effect

c) Reduce Magnetizing effect

d) All of the above

78. Induction motors have the advantage of

a) Less Maintenace

b) Less cost

c) Simple in construction

d) All of the above


79. What happens if fifth harmonics is given to induction motor?

a) Short-circuit the motor

b) Motor will rotate in reverse direction

c) Motor will rotate in the same direction

d) None of the above

80. If the frequency of 3-phase supply to the stator of a 3-phase induction motor is increased,
then synchronous speed

a) Increased

b) Decreased

c) Remain unchanged

d) None of the above

81. A 3 phase induction motor is essentially a

a) Constant speed motor

b) Variable speed motor

c) Very costly

d) easily maintainable

82. If there are no copper losses in the rotor, then


a) Rotor will not run

b) Rotor will run at a very low speed

c) Rotor will run at a very high speed

d) Rotor will run at synchronous speed

83. The rotor winding of a 3-phase wound rotor induction motor is generally ______
connected.

a) Delta

b) Star

c) Partially Delta & Partially Star

d) None of the above

84. _________ are employed for the operation of Jaw Crushers

a) DC shunt wound motor

b) Squirrel cage induction motor

c) Belted slip ring induction motor

d) Any DC motor

85. The torque characteristic of a 3-phase induction motor is similar to that of

a) DC series Motor

b) DC Shunt Motor

c) DC differentially compound motor


d) DC cumulatively compounded Motor

86. In a wound rotor motor, the rotor winding is wound for poles _______ that of the stator
winding.

a) Equal to

b) Greater than

c) Smaller than

d) None of the above

87. The maximum EMF is induced in the rotor of a 3-phase induction motor when it

a) No-Load

b) Full-load

c) Half-load

d) is blocked

88. The reactance of the rotor circuit of a 3-phase induction motor is maximum at

a) Full load

b) Half Load

c) Half Full load

d) Starting

89. The rotor current in a 3-phase induction motor is _______ slip.


a) Directly proportional to

b) Inversely Proportional to

c) Independent

d) None of the above

90. At starting, rotor reactance of a 3-phase induction motor is _______ as compared to rotor
resistance.

a) Small

b) Equal to

c) Large

d) None of the above

91. When an induction motor is running at full-load, rotor reactance is _______ rotor
resistance.

a) Very large

b) Large

c) Comparable

d) None of the above

92. If the slip of a 3-phase induction motor increases, the p.f. of the rotor circuit is

a) Decreased

b) Remain unchanged
c) Increased

d) None of the above

93. A high starting torque can be obtained in a 3-phase induction motor by

a) Increasing Rotor Reactance

b) Decreasing Rotor Resistance

c) Increasing Rotor Resistance

d) Any of the above

94. The starting torque of a 3-phase induction motor is ________ supply voltage.

a) Independent of

b) Directly proportional

c) Directly proportional to square

d) Inversely proportional

95. The starting torque of an induction motor is maximum when rotor resistance per phase is
________ rotor reactance/phase.

a) Equal to

b) Less than

c) More than

d) None of the above


96. The maximum torque of a 3-phase induction motor under running conditions is

a) Inversely proportional to the Rotor reactance at standstill

b) Inversely proportional to the supply voltage

c) Directly proportional to the Resistance

d) None of the above

97. If the supply voltage of a 3-phase induction motor is increased two times, then, torque is

a) Increased 4 times

b) Decreased 4 Times

c) Increased twice

d) Remain same

98. The 3-phase induction motor is so designed that the rotor should have ________ under
running conditions.

a) High resistance

b) Low resistance

c) Large slip

d) High reactance

99. If a 3-phase induction motor is running at slip s , then, rotor copper loss is equal to.

a) (1 – s) x Rotor Input
b) (1 + s) x Rotor input

c) s x Rotor input

d) s x stator input

100. If Ns and N are the speeds of rotating field and rotor respectively, then ratio rotor
input/rotor output is equal to.

a) N/Ns

b) Ns/N

c) Ns – N

d) N – Ns
Key to correction

1. a) the level of the voltage

2. c) Frequency

3. d) 95%

4. b) By magnetic flux

5. b) Inductively linked

6. c) alternating magnetic fluxd

7. d) both primary and secondary windings

8. a) a common magnetic circuit

9. a) low reluctance

10. b) primary transformer will burn

11. c) voltage and current

12. d) no ohmic resistance on either side

13. b) supply voltage and frequency

14. b) multiplied by k

15. b) increase by three times

16. b) primary supply voltage

17. c) both the leakage impedance drop and the core loss are ignored

18. d) 0.35

19. a) magnetizing reactance of the transformer

20. c) doubled

21. a) is strictly constant with load changes

22. d) leakage flux

23. a) Manganese brass

24. a) To be parallel
25. a) Limit the starting current

26. c) 5 to 7 times

27. d) Increasing supply frequency

28. b) Avoid the effect of saturation

29. b) Decreases

30. a) Phase sequence is reversed

31. b) Secondary foreign voltage control

32. b) Slip frequency(sf)

33. a) Leading power factor only

34. a) Traction

35. b) Less than one

36. c) To cut off the starting winding at an appropriate instant

37. c) x/r ratio

38. a) starting winding

39. c) produce rotating magnetic field

40. b) Cast iron

41. a) Less than 1%

42. b) Carbon steel

43. b) Hollow

44. a) Stator core

45. c) Phosphorus Bronze

46. c) Low

47. b) 80-90%

48. c) Two parallel winding in Rotor

49. d) Small
50. c) Harmonic developed in the motor

51. c) Both 1 and 2

52. a) The motor will run in reverse direction

53. c) Self-starting with low torque

54. c) Rotor conductors are short-circuited through end rings

55. d) Crawling

56. b) Zero

57. a) Slip ring Induction motor

58. c) One

59. c) R =X*S

60. d) R =X

61. a) Low Slip region

62. b) Squirrel cage induction motor

63. b) Low starting current

64. c) Decreased by 10%

65. a) Decreased

66. d) 57.7%

67. b) Two windings transformer with secondary short circuited

68. b) Constant loss

69. b) Negative

70. a) Power factor will decrease

71. c) 1/4 of the initial value

72. c) 1/S

73. c) Power Factor

74. b) Prevent cogging effect


75. c) Induction Generator

76. a) Rotor Resistance

77. c) Reduce Magnetizing effect

78. d) All of the above

79. b) Motor will rotate in reverse direction

80. a) Increased

81. a) Constant speed motor

82. d) Rotor will run at synchronous speed

83. b) Star

84. c) Belted slip ring induction motor

85. b) DC Shunt Motor

86. a) Equal to

87. d) is blocked

88. d) Starting

89. a) Directly proportional to

90. c) Large

91. c) Comparable

92. a) Decreased

93. c) Increasing Rotor Resistance

94. c) Directly proportional to square

95. a) Equal to

96. a) Inversely proportional to the Rotor reactance at standstill

97. a) Increased 4 times

98. b) Low resistance

99. c) s x Rotor input


100. a) N/Ns

Reference :

https://pakkaelectrical.blogspot.com/p/power-systems-mcqs_27.html

https://www.electrical-exams.com/3-phase-induction-motor-mcq/