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Date: _________

A. TOPIC: Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

B. OBJECTIVES:

At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:

a. solve quadratic equations by using the quadratic formula


b. solve real-life problems using quadratic formula

C. PROCEDURE:

I. ACTIVITY:

Activity 1: It’s Good to be Simple!

Directions: Work with a partner in simplifying each of the following expressions. Answer
the questions that follow.

6+√9 −6−√36−20
1. 2(3)
6. 2(1)
6−√9 5+√25+100
2. 2(3)
7. 2(4)
−6+√18 −10+√102 −52
3. 2(2)
8. 2(3)
−9−√24 −4−√4 2 +16
4. 2(2)
9. 2(4)
−8+√64−28 −5+√52 − 4(3)(−2)
5. 2(−3)
10. 2(3)

Questions:

1. How do you describe the expression given?


2. How did you simplify each expression?
3. Which expression did you find difficult to simplify? Why?
4. Compare your work with those of your classmates. Did you arrive at the same
answer?

II. ANALYSIS:

Activity 2: Follow the Standard!

Directions: Write the following quadratic equations is standard form, 𝑎𝑥 2 + 𝑏𝑥 + 𝑐 = 0.


Then identify the values of a, b, and c. Answer the questions that follow.

1. 2𝑥 2 + 9𝑥 = 10 6. 𝑥(5 − 2𝑥) + 15 = 0
2. −2𝑥 2 = 2 − 7𝑥 7. (𝑥 + 4)(𝑥 + 12) = 0
3. 6𝑥 − 1 = 2𝑥 2 8. (𝑥 − 6)(𝑥 − 9) = 0
4. 10 + 7𝑥 − 3𝑥 2 = 0 9. (3𝑥 + 7)(𝑥 − 1) = 0
5. 2𝑥(𝑥 − 6) = 5 10. 3(𝑥 − 5)2 + 10 = 0

Questions:

1. How did you write each quadratic equation in standard form?


2. How do you describe a quadratic equation that is written in standard form?
3. Are there different ways of writing a quadratic equation in standard form?
Justify your answer.

III. ABSTRACTION:

Activity 3: Lead me to the Formula!

Directions: Work in groups of 4 in finding the solutions of the following quadratic


equation by completing the square. Answer the questions that follow.

2𝑥 2 + 9𝑥 + 10 = 0

1. How did you use completing the square in solving the given equation? Show the
complete details of your work.
2. What are the solutions of the given equation?
3. How would you describe the solutions obtained?
4. Compare your work with those of other groups. Did you obtain the same solutions?
If NOT, explain.
5. In the equation 2𝑥 2 + 9𝑥 + 10 = 0, what would be the resulting equation if 2, 9,
and 10 were replaced by a, b, and c, respectively?
6. Using the resulting equation in item 5, how are you going to find the value of x if you
follow the same procedure in finding the solutions of 2𝑥 2 + 9𝑥 + 10 = 0?
7. Do you think the equation or formula that would give the value of x can be used in
solving other quadratic equations? Justify your answer by giving examples.

To solve quadratic equations 𝑎𝑥 2 + 𝑏𝑥 + 𝑐 = 0 using the quadratic formula,


−𝑏±√𝑏2 − 4𝑎𝑐
determine the values of a, b, and c, then substitute in the equation 𝑥 = .
2𝑎
Simplify the result if possible then check the solutions obtained against the original
equation.
IV. APPLICATION:

Activity 4: Is the Formula Effective?

Directions: Find the solutions of each of the following quadratic equations using the
quadratic formula. Answer the questions that follow.

1. 𝑥 2 + 10𝑥 + 9 = 0
2. 𝑥 2 − 12𝑥 + 35 = 0
3. 𝑥 2 + 5𝑥 − 14 = 0
4. 2𝑥 2 + 7𝑥 + 9 = 0
5. 4𝑥 2 − 4𝑥 + 1 = 0

Questions:

a. How did you use the quadratic formula in finding the solution/s of each equation?
b. How many solutions does each equation have?
c. Is there any equation whose solutions are equal? If there is any, describe the equation.
d. Is there any equation with zero as one of the roots? Describe the equation if there is any.

Activity 5: Show me the Best Floor Plan!!!


Directions: Use the situation below to answer the questions that follow.

Mr. Luna would like to construct a new house with a floor area of 72 𝑚2. He asked an
architect to prepare a floor plan that shows the following:
a. 2 bedrooms c. Living room e. Comfort room
b. Dining room d. Kitchen f. Laundry area

1. Suppose you were the architect asked by Mr. Luna to prepare a floor plan. How
will you do it? Draw the floor plan.
2. Formulate as many quadratic equations using the floor plan that you prepared.
Solve the equations using the quadratic formula.