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GAUSS LAW E
E
E
S
S
= B
S = BS Cis0
=
BS = BScos180
= BS
=−BS
So, yes flux will change but magnitude & flux will be same.
Therefore, magnitude is constant.
3. Electric field inside the uniformly charge distributed spherical shell is zero. So, yes at centre is also
zero.
If a point charge is brought to the shell then due to charge distribution properties of then due to
charge distribution properties of conductor, still field inside shell will be zero buit in case of non-
conductor it cannot distribution charge over surface by itself field at centre will not be zero.
Inside any conductor, field is always zero, this is the properties of conductor.
Electric field & inside the uniformly charge distributed spherical plastic shell it zero.
If, We reshape it without altering the charge densities over its surface, then electric field inside shell
may not be zero, since plastic is a non conductor, it cannot distribute its charge over its surface.
But if shell is made of a metal (conductor) then, still, electric field inside shell be zero (after

deshaping it).

4. Electric field indie the uniformly charge distributed, spherical plastic shell is zero. If, we deshape it

without altering the charge densities over its surface, then electric field inside shell may not be zero,

since plastic is a non conductor, it cannot distribute its charge over its surface. But if shell is made of

a metal (conductor) then, still electric field indie shell be zero. ( after dish aping it). 2
BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
5
No, ‘q’ will not feel any electronic force due to outer charge ‘Q’
q
Q
6.
No, If uniformly charged balloon have not a spherical shape, then field inside balloon will not be
zero.
7.
Charge given to conductor comes to its surface, means that, external charge given to conductors
comes to its surface, not its own free electrons or electrons or protons.
Objective – 1
Q
=
(1)C
Charge density of conducting plate
2A
, since, it distributes charge on its both surfaces. But charge
=
Q
=
density of non conducting plate
Q A Now. Electric field due to conducting plate =
2A 
and
0
0
Q
=
Electric field due to non conducting plate =
2 
2A 
Hence, due to both plate electric field will
0
0
be same
2.(a)
Charged metal plate will induce same opposite nature charge on
+
+
metallic substance on front surface and same nature charge as on
+
+
metal plate will appear on back bace of metallic
+
+
+
+
+
+
F+
Fnet
3.(d) According to properties of conductors, it distributes surface in such a
way that electric field inside it due to external source is zero. Hence
q
spherical shell puts some of its negative charge towards right if q, is tve.
q
And the charge towards left as showmen for and if field due to external
source inside it is zero (E = 0), therefore,
F = qE = 0 (due to external source).
4(b) Shifting of charge on spherical shell, due to external charge ‘q’ placed right to the spherical shall,

some negative charge will shift to right and negative charge will shift to right and positive charge

will shift to left, since q, is tve.

Then,

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

3

Inside, the shell electric field due to irregular charge distribution on its surface will be towards right. And since ‘q’ is tve charge, Therefore force on ‘q’ due to shell is surface charge distribution will ve towards right. 5(a).

By Gauss’s law, net flux through any closed surface inclosing a charge ‘q’ is q/0. So, doesn’t matter whether radius increased or decreased, if net enclosed charge is same then flux will be same in same medium. (6)
V
(d)
L
L/2
Fig-1
L
V
L/2
L
At
t
=
,
Fig
= 2
2V
L
V
L/2
L
At
t
=
,
Fig
= 3
V
Let linear charge density of moving rod is n
''
n
So, At
= Vt
length of rod, q =
And
q
=
nvt
q  t
So,
As you can see in fig=1. rod is entering to close surface therefore flux (q/0) will increase linearly
(
L / 2
)
L
L
t =
t =
from ‘O’ to
and remains same from time
to
and then enclosed charge is

0

2V

V

decreasing linearly as rod is going from cube, therefore flux will decrease linearly from time

and becomes zero at

t =

3L / 2

V

t =

L

V 4
BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
Hence,
Flux
L/E0
Q
D
(
L /2
)
L
(
3L/2
)
t =
t =
t =
time
V
V
V
V
tan =
0
7
Imaging similar fig. as given to upper half of the horizontal axis
on which charge ‘q’ is placed. Then you will get net flux through
complete about and below surface is q/0. Since, from both
upper half and lower half there hence, equal flux. Flux through
q
only lower half =
2 
0
CAPACITORS
1
If +, charge is given to positive plate, then by the process
+Q1
-Q1
-Q1 – Q2
+
-
+
of induction, negative plate looks like shown in fig. Since,
+
-
+
+
-
+
Charge of capacitor, means charge on positive plate of
+
-
+
+
-
+
capacitor. Therefore, in this case charge of capacitor is 1.
+
-
+
+
-
+
+
-
+
2
No, we cannot say. But we can say that the ratio of  and V is constant and be equal to capacitance
of capacitor.
3
In nature, every system have tendency to minimize the system’s energy. Or in other words a system

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

5

is more stable when it passes lower energy. Hence if a dielectric slab is gradually inserted between the plates of isolated capacitor, energy of capacitor becomes lower, and the system stability becomes higher. Therefore, a force is exerted by capacitor on dielectric slab when you put a force to remove slab from capacitor.

5.(C).

Since electric field due to one plate of capacitor at place of second plate remains unchanged

Objective ll .3(d).
Since,
1
=
Q
1
Induced charge (Q  ) =
  
k
  
Where, Q is charge on capacitor and k (dielectric constant) > 1 for a medium.
5.
(b), (c),
If you separate the plates of charged, parallel plate capacitor, then plate’s charge will be same. And
due to these electric field between plated will same. But, since due to change in capacitance
1 
 1
   C 
V =
Cv
2
potential difference
will change and energy of capacitor
   will also
d 
c 
 2
change.
2.
(b), (c)
2 (b),
Since capacitor is isolated hence, charge on capacitor remains
+Q
-Q
(c)
same.
K
ELECTRIC CURRENT IN CONDUCTORS
5.
Since, we define drist speed as average speed, due to random motion of electrons.
V =
d
t
(is overage speed in time t)

Instantaneous speed of electron in current caring wire is variable w.r.t. time.

V

inst

= = lim
.

d

dt t 0

t

Hence, we cannot define drift speed in from of instantaneous speed.

6

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

 6. Yes, it is right, that no electric field can be existing inside the conductor, however, conductors can carry charge inside it when we put potential difference across it. 10. There is two different physical quantities, work done, and energy. But it can be added subtracted

with each other since their dimensions and units are same work can transform into energy and energy

can transform into work. Hence here work done by battery transforming into thermal energy of

resistor. In the case of ideal battery work done by the battery will be equal to thermal energy developed in the
circuit. It is valid for only parely resistive circuit. But when you consider a circuit containing
capacitor then this will not be valid. Because some parts of energy is stored inside capacitor. In form
of electrical energy.
No work done by battery is not equal to thermal energy developed in resistor. In case of non ideal
battery. Due to internal resistance (rin) of non-ideal battery some heat is developed inside the battery.
But. In case of ideal battery, yes, work done by battery will be equal to thermal energy developed in
resistor.
Yes heat is defined as energy being transferred, but notice in this that energy in form of heat is
transferred to another system as heat. but here kinetic energy transforming into heat energy due to
collision of electrons.
Actually charge is going through the wire. But we define current as a flow of charge. Hence we say
that there is a current in wire, (not as current is going in the wire).
No, As in any segment current carrying wire, there is equal no. of charges are entering and leaving.
Yes when you are charging a battery having same internal resistance then
A
I
r
VA – VB=+1
MAGNETIC FIELD

11.

12.

13.

14.

16.

17.

1. Electric field and magnetic field are not basically independent. They are two aspects of the same

entity wich we combinely called electro-magnetic field. Therefore, in moving frame with charged

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

7

particle there is same force existing but in form of electric force and also there exists now electric field in moving frame with charged particle.

3.

6.

Only in uniform magnetic field, a current loop will experience zero. And not in non uniform magnetic field. Since, C = q(V B) Here q = -e,
V along x-axis and F along y-axis.
Therefore, B will be along z-axis.
 =(A B)i
= O
A:
7. Yes, if torque on the static loop is zero. Means
, where,
Area vector. (When
angle between area vector
(A) and magnetic field vector
(B) is zero ( = 0).
8. Yes, Net charge of any segment of current carrying loop is zero, but electron is moving however
proton is at rest. Therefore electron facing some force but proton not so, that’s way magnetic field
exerts force on it.
9. In both orientation, the equilibrium is unstable equilibrium, not stable.
Change in flux
(
)
 mf
( in volt
) =
10. Since
time
(1 )
st
In units’ – form
Wb
Volt =
.
sec
Wb = volt −sec
or,
Objective – l
1.a
As we know, with increase in temperature resistance of conductor increases, due to increase in no. of
collision. But in case of semiconductor, there is no sufficient electrons are available to conduct
electricity, Hence with increase in temperature of semiconductor.

2(d).

Since,

R = A

, so we cannot calculate resistance with only resistivity(s), without and '
'.

8

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

5.(c) Since, In an electric circuit containing battery, current flows

from positive terminal of battery, but in a current carrying wire,

actually electrons flows in opposite direction to the direction of

current.

R  I V

I

Objective ll Since electron is accelerated eF
m
with acceleration towards right, otherwise, you can this by potential
energy.
In current carrying wire, net charge in any section of wire is zero. Means, in any section there will
equal no. of electrons entering and leaving. Hence flux. = 0. Since, enclosed charge = 0. Therefore,
initially flux is zero and ofter closing the switch it is also zero.
+
negative charge will induce on conductor
+
+
near point p and positive charge will induce
+
+
on opposite side conductor and imagining
closed Gaussian surface is given where
+ +
positive charge will induce. Hence, enclosed
charge will become some positive charge.
Therefore flux through closed given surface
will be positive.
Since F = q(V  B) , measn, on charge depends upon the type of charge (tve or –ve), sence of
rotation (clockwise or anti clockwise) and direction of magnetic field.
If force is radialy outward then tension increase and if force is radialy inward then tension decrease.
Since net enclosed charge in the surface in which capacitor is, q in
+Q
-Q
(+Q) + (-Q) = 0

1.a

7.c,d

8.(c) Due to process of induction of charge

2.d

1d

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

9

2d

Ceq =

C

2

(in series) and, since half of the applied

voltage will appear across the capacitor, means if we apply ‘2V’ potential across capacitor system then ‘v’ potential will appear across each capacitor. Hence, In series as given, the breakdown voltage will be 2V

C

C 2V
V

2V 3C Ceq. = 2C and, Since potential across each capacitor
will be equal to applied potential, in parallel
combination. Hence breakdown voltage will be ‘V’
C
V
C
V
2V
CHAPTER – 31
GAUSS'S LAW
1
The flux of electric field should be maximum when the plate is 1 r to the
90 o
electric field
On the other hand for the plate to be parallel to the electric field . the flux is minimum. Reason. This
is because in the former area of exposure to flux is maximum unlike the later case.

Flux of a electric field is produced by a charged body or magnetic body. Here there is no such charge of conditions, so there is no charge in the flux of the electric field.

10

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

3

4.

5.

6.

7.

1.

2.

3.

4

5. x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

F The field at the centre is zero. Yes the field at centre changes. Yes, the answer
depends upon whether the shell is conducting or non-conducting
Q
q
Edx =
E = 0
Inside the shell net charge = 0 so
if q = 0. Yes, the field will change now it will no
0
equal to zero. If shell is of metal, then also field will be zero inside.
KQq
F =
Yes, because of the electric force between the two charges i.e.
r
2
.
Yes the field inside the balloon is zero. This is also
No the protons will not come to the surface. Only the free electrons will come and remain to the
surface.
OBJECTIVE –I
(c) For a metallic plate , the change is uniformly distributed throughout it. Hence the electric field at
point ‘P' remain the same. As it is a plate.
This is because the electric field due to the +ve charged plate puts an attractive force on it and here
the nutral particles as well as the (-) ve charged particles attracted.
(d) The electric field inside-charged metallic spherical shell is zero.
(b) Due to the charge ‘q’ an
right.
addtional force develops thought the shell which attracts 'q' towards

(a) Although the surface area increases but the no of electric lines of force of flux constant However the flux density may charge.

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

11

6.

(d) Electric field increases as the rod approaches and then remains constant when the rod is inside the

cube, as there are no fl here. Again the flux goes on decreasing as the rod comes out of the cube.

7. q
E ds =
0

For one surface the flux gets halved, i.e.

q

2

0 OBJECTIVE –II
1. (d) The flux of the electric field through a closed due to all the charges is equal to the flux due to the
charges enclosed by the surface
2. (d) It is through induction all the charge appear on the surface of cube, this is the property of
conductor.
-
+Q
- -
-
-
+
+
-
+
+
- - - -
+
-
+
-
+
- -
-
-
-
+
+
- -
-
-
+
-
-
-
-
+
3. All are true by induction.
+
+
- +
- +
+
- - +
- - +
- +
- +
+
+
4. (b), (c) (by Gauss's Law)
5. (a), (c) Because the electric field is limited to the dipole only
+
E

6.

(a), (c) For there positions the flux of the electric field is not affected by that of A & C as they are in

line with `q'

7. (c), (d) Initially since these is no net charge enclosed inside the surface, hence flux is zero pinally the

12

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

8.

1.

2.

flux is alsp zero. When the current flow is stopped. Hence the flux remains unchanged and is equal to

zero.

(b) Due to induction

Some amount of charge is induced in the conducting sphere due to induct from P. Ag some part of

this charge also remains within the closed surface. Hence according to Gauss’s law electric flux is

(+ve).

x x
x
x
P
x
conductivity
x
x
closed surface
EXERCISES
E = 3/5E
^ ^
i+ 4/5E j
Given:
0
E0 = 2.0  10 3 N/C The plane is parallel to yz-plane.
3/5E i
^
Hence only
0
passes perpendicular to the plane where as 4/5E0 goes parallel Area = 0.2m 2
(given)
Flux = E A = 3/5210 0.2
3
= 2.4  10 2 Nm 2 /c = 240Nm 2 /c
j
^
Y
x
x x x x
x
x x x x
x
x x x x
X
^
i
x
x x
x
x
z
k
Given length of rod = edge of cube = 1 portion of rod inside the cube = 1/ 2
Total charge = Q
Linear charge density =  = Q / I of rod.

We know: Flux a charge enclosed. charge enclosed in the rod inside the cube.

= 1/2 0 Q / 1 = Q / 2 0 BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
13
0
1/2
1/2

1 3. As the electric field is uniform. Considering a perpendicular plane to it we find that it is an
equipotential surface Hence there is no net current flow on that surface Thus, net charge in that
region is zero.
E
E0x
^
E =
i
4. Given:
l
l = 2m
a = 1cm.
E0 = 5 x10 3 N/C, From fig. We see that flux passes mainly through surface areas ABCD & EFGH As
the AEFB & CHGD are paralled to the Flux.
Again in ABCD a = 0; hence the Flux only passes through the surface area EFGH.
E X
^
E
=
0
i
I
Flux = E0x/L  area 5  10 3  a / l  a 3
= 5  10 3  a 3 / l = 5  10 3  (0.01) 3 / 2  10 -2 = 5  10 3  1  10 -6 / 2  10 -2
= 2.5  10 -1
Flux = q / 0
So, q = 0 Flux
= 8.85  10 -12  2.5  10 -1 = 22.125  10 -13 = 2.2125  10 -12 c

14

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

5.

6.

7.

9.

A o, a, o
C
O
P
a, o, o
F
B
o, o, a

H According to Gauss's Law Flux = q/0.
Since the charge is placed at the centre of the cube. Hence the flux passing through the six surface
Q/60  6 = Q / 0.
Given – A charge is placed on a placed on a plain surface with area = a 2 , about a / 2 from its centre.
Assumption: let us assume that the given plain forms a surface of an imaginary cube. Thus the
charge is found to be at the centre of the cube. Hence flux through the surface = Q/0  1 / 6 = Q /
60.
Given: Magnitude of the two charges placed = 10 -7 C.
We know: from Gauss’s law that the flux experienced by the sphere is only due to the internal
change and not by the external one.
E.ds = q /
Now,
0
[by Gauss law]
Q
Given: Volume charge density = 2.0  10 -4 c/m 3
Inorder to find the electric field at a point 4cm = 4  10 -2 m from the centre let us assume a concentric
spherical surface inside the sphere.
 E.ds = q /
Now,
0
q
= so q =
,
 4/3
R
3
But
4/3
R
3

   4/3  22/ 7  ( 4  10 − 2 ) 3   0 4 − 4  1/3 4   10 − 2  1 8.85  10 − 12

10

1

Hence =

=

2.0

22/ 7

(

4

10

2

)

2

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

15

= 3.0 10 5 N / C 4cm
10.
Charge present in gold nucleus = 79  1.6  10 -19 c
Since the surface encloses all the charges we have:
79
1.6
10
− 19
E dd
.
=
q
/
=
(a) 
0
8.85
 10
− 12
= Q /4a
2 and Q / 4a 2 repectively.
(b) Again if another charge ‘q’ is adoed to the does not suntance. We have inner surface charge
density.
= -Q/4a2 because the added charge does not affect it on the other hand the external surface charge
density
(c)
Q + q / 4a 2 as the 'q' gets added up
(c)
For electric field let us assume an imaginary surface area inside the sphere at a distance 'x' from
centre. This is same in both the cases as the 'q' is ineffective.
E
ds = Q/ So E = Q/ 1/ 4 x = Q/ 4 x
2
2
Now,
0
0
0
.
13.
(a) Let the three orbits be considered as three concentric spheres A, B & C
Now Charge of 'A' = 4 x1.6 x 10 -19 c charge of 'C’ = 2 x1.6 x10 -19 c charge of 'C’ = 2 x1.6 x10 -19 C As
the point 'P' is just inside 1 s, so its distance from centre =1.3 x 10 -11 m
Electric field = Q/40x 2
= 4  1.6  10 -19 / 4  9.14  8.85  10 12  (1.3  10 -11 ) 2
= 3.4  10 13 N /C
(b) For a point just inside the 2s cloud
Total charge enclosed = 4  1.6  10 -19 – 2  1.6  10 -19
2 
1.6
10
− 19
= 2  1.6  10 -19 Hence. Electric field,
10
− 12
− 11
)
2
4  3.14
 8.85 
( 5.2
 10

= 1.065 10 12 N/C = 1.1 10 12 N/C

16

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES 2S
5.2  10 11 m
1S
A
B
N
1.3  10 -11 m
P
10 -15 m

C 14.
Drawing an electric field around the line charge we find a cylinder of radius 4  10 -2 m
Given:  = linear charge density let the length be 1= 2 10 -2 m
E.dl = Q/ =l / 
We know of
0
0
 E  2rl = l/0
E
=
  2
r
0
For, r = 2  10 -2 m &  = 2  10 -6 c / m
2
10
6
E
=
8.85
10
12
 
2
3.14
 2 
10
2
= 8.99  10 5 N / C
= 9  10 5 N / C
l
4cm
15.
Given:
 = 2  10 -8 c /m from the previous problem.
E =
2
r
for a cylindrical electrified.
0
2
 10 4 cm

Now, Force experienced by the electron due to the electric field in wire

= centripetal force. Eq = mv 2

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

17

  We knnow m

9.1

,

10

31

0

=

0

=

?,

r

=

kg  

1

1

m

2

2

Eq =

KE

=

 2 r 1/ 2  E  q  r

=

1/ 2

r

=

1.6

10

19

2

10

8

= 2

10

=

1/ 2

  2

0

r

1.6

8

9

10

9

1.6

10

19

=

10

19

2.88

r

10

17

J 4
 
0
l
16. Given: Volume charge density = f let the height of cylinder be h.
 Charge Q at P = f  4x 2  h
Q
f
4
x
2
h
2 fx
E =
=
=
 
ds
 
2
 x 
h
0
0
0
x
P

CHAPTER 31

18

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

1.

The charge on the capacitor is Q.

+Q1

Q

+Q2

No, because capacitance is a constant. r
 = 
4
.
Both have same potential
0
q
solid metal
Hollow metal
sphere
sphere
→ P.D. will be zero because surface charges on both plates are same.
Q
+
→ Charges on facing surface
2
, each
Q
+
→ Quter surface also
2
each.
This is not sufficient to know the maximum charge the capacitor can contain. Potential difference
between plates should be mentioned.
Each molecule in a dielutric consist of two opposite charges when inturn given a dielectric constant.
By increase of temperature the vibration in the molecules increase and due to this strength of
ionization bond between positive charge and negative charge decreases. Hence dielectric constant
‘K’ decreases.
+-
+-
+-
+-
+-
+-
+-
+-

(d) The dlux of the electric field through field through a closed surface enclosing the capacitor is

zero.

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

19

2. (d) C / 2 and 2V

3. (c) C = 2C, and V = 2V As the potential of battery is same as the individual

CV    CV     4. Current follows easier path.
5. (c) A dielectric siab is inserted both the plates of an imulated capacitor the force between the plates
will remain charged.
1
k
q
1
1
6. Ed
=
1 E
2
=
 
=
k
2
q
2
2 0
0
2
r
4
  
2
0
  
r
4
7. (b) Q1 = Q2 as the same battery with draw same potential and hence Q1 = Q2.
k
A
0
8. (d) ‘K’ of metals = . Since, C =
d
9. (c) C1 < C2 since potential difference across C1 is greater than across C2.
Q
Q
E
=
E
=
, E
E
10. (a) Initially
1
A k
Finally
2
A
2
1
0
0
11. The final charges Q1 and Q2 on them will satisfy
Q
1
=
(b)
Q
C
C 1 potential becomes same.
2
2

12. (d) Series, parallel

OBJECTIVE II

20

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

1.

2.

4.

5.

6.

7.

1.

2.

The capacitance of a capacitor (c) does not depend on the charges on the plates.

(b) The charge on the capacitor will remain same.

The dielectric slab is inserted-between the plates-of-a-capacitor. The change on the capacitor is Q and the magnitude of the indced charges on each surface the Dielectric is Q.

(d) Q ‘must be smaller than Q. K
(a) (c) (d)
The separation between the plate have equal charged parallel plate capacitor is increased.
(b)
Potential difference across the capacitor.
(b)
Energy of the capacitor
(d)
Equal and opposite charges will appear on the two faces of the metal plate.
(b)
The charge appearing on the capacitor is greater after the action xwy than after the action xyw
(c)
The electric energy stored in the capacitor is greater after the action wxy than after electric action
xyw
(d) The electric field in the capacitor after the action xw is the same as that after wx.
Given that: Number of electron = 1  10 12
Net charge Q = 1  10 12  1.6  10 -19 = 1.6  10 -7 C
 The net potential difference = 10L.
q 16
 10
− 7
− =
C
=
=
1.6  10
− 8
F
 Capacitance
 10
A = r 2 = 25cm 2 ,
d = 0.1 cm
A 8.854
10
− 12
2.5
3.14
C =
0
=
=
6.95  10
− 5
F
d
0.1

5 cm 0.1 cm

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

21

3. Let the radius of the disc = R, Area = R 2 , C = 1f

 d = 1mm = 10 -3 m.  C =  0 A d 1 = 8.85  10 − 12   r 2 2 10 − 3  10 12  10 9 10 − 3 10 9  r = 8.85   = = = 5998 − 5 m − 5 km

8.85

3.14

27.784 1 Min
4. A = 25cm 2 = 2.5  10 -3 m 3 , d = 1mm = 0.1cm = 0.01m, V = 6V, Q = ?
A 8.854
 10
− 12
 2.5
 10
− 3
C =
0
=
d
0.01
8.854
10
12
25
10
3
Q
= CV
=
 6
=
1.32810
10
− 16
C
0.01
=
1.3281 10
10 C,
W
=
Q
V
=
1.6281 10
10
6
= 
8
10
10
J.
5. Plate area A = 25  10 -3 m
Separation d = 2mm = 2  10 -3 m. Potential v = 12v
A 8.85

10
− 12
2.5
10
− 3
C =
0
=
(a) We know
d
2
 10
− 3
q
q
= 11.06
 10
12
F , C
=
=
11.06
10
12
=
q
1 = 1.32
 10
− 10
C , BOOK MISS
V
12
A
q
8.85
10
12
2.5
10
3
2
d =
1 MM
= 
1
10
− 3
m
.
C
=
0
=
.
=
d
V
1
10
3
12

q2 = 8.85 2.5 12 10 -12 = 2.65 10 -10 C The extra charge given to plate = (2.65 1.32) 10 -10 C = 1.33 10 -19 C

6.

C1 = F

C2 = 4F

C3 = 6F

V = 12V

22

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

7.

8.

cq = C1 + C2 + C3 = 2+ 4 + 6 = 12F = 12 10 -6 F

q1 = 12 2 = 24C, q2 = 12 4 = 48C

q3 = 12 6 = 72F C1
V C2
C3
The equivalent capacity
C C C
C =
1
2
3
C C
+ C C
+ C C
2
3
1
3
1
2
20
30
40
24000
=
=
30
40
+
20
40
+ 20
30
1200
+
800
+ 600
24000
=
=
9.23
F .
2600
30F
20F
40F
(a) Let equivalent charge at the capacitor = q
q
c =
 =
q
C
L
=
9.23
12
= 110
 C on each
V
As this is a series combination, the charge on each capacitor is same as the equivalent which is
110C.
W
 V =
 W = vq
(b) Let work done by the battery = W
q
= 110  12  10 -6 = 1329  10 -6 J = 1.329  10 -3 J = 1.33  10 -3 J
C1 = 8F,
C2 = 4F,
C3 = 4F
(
c
0 +
c
)
c
8
 8
64
Ceq =
2
3
1
=
=
= 4
F

c

1

+

c

2

+

c

3

16

16

Since B & C are ll & are in series with A.

So, q1 = 8 6 = 48C,

q2 = 4 6 = 24C,

q3 = 4 6 = 24C

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

23

9. BOOK MISS

A

6F

B

4F

12V

C

4F

1

1

1

1

1

+ 1

C

1

4

C

2

6

C

C

C

,

C

C

+

C

=

=

=

C

p

=

2

=

2

=

2

F and Cq =

2

2

=

= 3

F 2
1
2
 C = Cp + Cq = 2 + 3 = 5F
(b) C1 = 4F,
C2 = 6F
In case of q & q q = 0
C
6
Cq =
3
=
= F
3
Cp = C
2
= F
2
&
C = 2 + = F
3
5
C
&
C = F
n
5
2
2
1
The equation of capacitor
C
+ C ’ + C ” = 5 + 5 = 10F
C1
p
C1
C2
C2
A
B
C
R
C1
C2
C2
s
10.
V
= 10vCeq = C1 + C2
[They are ll] = 5 + 6 = 11F
q = CV = 11  10 = 110C
A
B
A5
5F
6F
10 V
B6

11. The capacitance of the other sphere = 2.2F

Potential, V = 10v

24

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

Let the charge given to individual cylinder = q

C

=

q

v

,

q

=

C

V

=

,

2.2

10

= 22

F

The total charge given to the inner cylinder = 22 + 22 = 44F  q
Kq
q
R
C
=
,
Now V
,
=
So c
,
=
=
1
= 
4
R Similarly C
= 
4
R
v
R
1 Kq
K
0
1
2
0
2
R
1
The combination is necessarily parallel.
Hence Ceq = 40R1 + 40R2 = 40(R1 + R2)
In this system the capacitance are arranged in series.
Then the capacitance is parallel to each other.
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C =
(a)
The eqn of capacitance in one row
3
(b)
and three capacitance of capacity C/3 are connected in parallel
C
C
C
3
C
C =
+
+
=
= C =
2
F BOOK MISS
The eqn. of capacitance
3
3
3
3
Total
60
=
20 V

12.

13.

N 0. of capaci

tan

ce =

3

14. Let there are ‘X’ no of capacitors in series ie in a row

So, x 50 = 200

or,

x =

200

50

= 4

capacitors Effective capacitance in a row =

10

4

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

25

Now, let there are ‘y’ such rows each of 4 capacitors.

15.

(a) Capacitor

4

8 8

12 32

8 3

4

+

=

=

and

6 6

 + 3 3

18 9

=

= 2

F 4F
8F
C
C
8F
4F
A
B
A
B
3F
6F
D
3F
D 6F
50
4F
C 8F
A
3F
D 6F
50
8
F
(i) The charge on the capacitance
3
400
Q = 8 3  50 =
3
(
400
100
400
100
A
3
d
2
+
6
bd
+
2
b
2
)
4
F =
=
at
8
F
=
=
0
 The potential at
3
4
3
3
8
6
3 d
(
b
+
d
)
2
b
+
d
100
100
50
=
=
V
The potential difference = 100
3
6
6
3
(ii) Hence the effective charge at 2F = 50  2 = 100f
100
100
3 F
=
6 F
=
Potential is
3
, Potential at
6
100 100
50
50
=
V
F
 Difference =
3 6
3
 The potential at C & D is
3
P R
1 1
=
=
=
=
(b)
It is balanced. So from it is cleared that the Wheastone brige balanced

q

S

2

2

So the potential at the point C & D are same. So no current flow thought the point C & C so if we

connected another capacitor at the point C & D the charge on the capacitor is zero.

26

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

C + C C

1

2

C

1

2

+

C

3

+

=

C

3

+

2C C

1

2

C

1

+

C

2

C + C C

1

2

C

1

2

(The three are parallel) fig

7. In the figure the three capacitors are arranged in parallel. All have same surface area

= a =

A

3

,

1 st A
C
=
0
,
capacitance
1
3
d
]
A
A
C
=
0
3
rd
C
=
0
,
2 nd capacitance
2
3
(
b + d
)
capacitance
3
3
(
2 b
+
d
)
A
A
C
+
C
+
C
=
0
+
0
Ceq =
1
2
3
3
(
b
+
d
)
3
(
2
b
+
d
)
1
1
1
8.854
10
12
25
 3.14
=
0
+
+
=
=
6.95
10
5
F
3 A    d
b
+
d
2
b
+
d  
0.1
A 
(
b
+
d
)(
2
b
+
d
)
+
(
2 b
+
d
)
d
+
(
b
+
d
)
d 
=
0
3
d
(
b
+
d
)(
2
b
+ d
)
A
b
2
+
bd
+
2
bd
+
d
2
+
2
bd
+
d
2
+
bd
+
d
2
A
(
3
d
2
+
6
bd
+
2
b
2
)
  2
 
=
0
=
0
d
(
b
+
d
)(
2
b
+
d
)
3
d
(
b
+
d
)
2
b
+
d
A
a
b
a
b
a
d
A
B
C
D
2
L
2
3.14
8.85 10
−−−
221
10
10
(
a C =
)
0
=
In 2
=
0.6932
In
(
R
/
R
)
In
2
2
1
= 80.17  10 -13  10 -13  8PF

18.

(b) Same as R2 / R1 will be same

19. Given that

 C = 100PF = 100  10 -12 F, Ceq = 20PF V = 24V = 20  10 -12 F

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

27

q = 24 100 10 -12 F

Let q1 = The new charge 100 PF

V1 = The voltage Let the new potential is V1 After the flow of charge, potential is same in the two capacitor

= 24 10 -10

q2 = ?

V

1

=

 q 2 = q 1 = q − q 1 = q 1 = 24  10 − 18 − q 1 = q 1 C 2 C 1 C 2 C 1 20  10 − 12 100  10 − 12

=

24

10

10

q

=

q

1

1 5 120
=
120
10
10
5
q
=
q
=
6
q
=
120
10
10
=
q
=
10
− 10
=
20
10
6
1
1
1
1
6
q
20
10
10
20 V
V
1
=
=
1
C
10
10
S
1
20. Initially when ‘s’ is not connected,
2
C
2
C
5
C
=
,
Q
=
50
=
10
4
=
166
10
4
C
eff
3
3
3
After the switch is made on, then Ceff = 2C = 10 -5
Q
= 10 -5  50 = 5  10 -4
Now, the charge will remain stored in the short capacitor
Hence net charge flowing = 5  10 -4 – 1.66  10 -4 = 3.3  10 -4 C.
b
B
A
21. Given that mass of particle m = 10 mg Charge q = 0.01C
A
= 100cm 3 Let potential = V
0.04
C =
The Eq. capacitance
2
The particle may be equilibrium , so that the wt. of the particle acting download, must be balance bt
V
= qE = a
 qE = Mg, Electric force
d
where V – Potential

d separation of both the plates

= q

v c

.

0

A

c =

0

A

q

d

=

0

A

c

, qE = mg

28

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

=

QV C

. A .

0

=

mg ,

=

0.01

0.02

V

8.85

10

12

100

=

0.1

980

V =

0.1

980

8.85

10

10

0.0002

0.000000086

=

0.0002

=

0.0043

=

43 MV

0.04F

p

V 0.04F
Let mass of electron = , Charge of electron = e
We know ‘q’ For a charged particle to be projected in side to plate of a ll plate capacitor with electric
field E,
2
IqE
x
y =
where y – Vertical distance covered book miss
2 m
  
  
V
qd
q
y
= d 1
, E
=
=
1
=
x
=
a
,
 =
?
2
R
a
2
d
a
2
0
1
0
q
qd
a
2
A
V
=
=
1
as C
=
0
For capacitor
1
c
a
2
1
d
1
0
Here q = charge on capacitor.
a
2
0
q = C  V where = C = Eqquivalent capalent capacitance of the total arrangement
d 1 + d
2
d
1 e
 v
a
2
1
=
Substituting the fata in the known equation, we get,
2
2 (
d
+ )
d
2
1
2
1/2
Vea
2
Vea
2 
=
u
2
=
u
= 
d m
(
d
+
d
)
(
d m
d
+ d
) 
1
1
2
1
1
2
Figer given but not clear.

a

c

=

qeme

Me

. The acceleration of proton

=

qp

Mp

= ap

2.

23. The accin. of electron

The distance travelled by proton

x =

1

2

apt

2

( i )

The distance travelled by electron ……….(ii)

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

29

From (i) and (ii) 2 X = 1 / 2act 2 , x = 1 / 2act 2 2 x = 1 / 2act 2

 X = a p = q p E / M p  2 − X a c q F / M = x c c 2 − X = 9.1  10 − 31 = 9.1  10 − 4 = 5.449  167  10 − 27 167

=

M

c

M

p

10

4

x + 0.0005449x = 1.0005449 = 10.898 10 -4 x

x + 5.449 10 -4 x = 10.898 10 -4 10.898
 10
− 4
= +
x
0.0005449 x
=
1.0005449
=
10.898
10
− 4
 =
x
=
0.001089226
1.0005449
+
-
2cm
+
-
qe
+
-
+
-
+
-
+
-
e
+
-
E
+
q0 E
-
+
E
-
+
-
24. (a) book miss through the 5 F capacitor
So, it reduces to
Similar is the case of (b) & (c) as ‘b’ can be written as.
1
3
2
6
Ceq =
+
3
+
1
6
+
2
3
12
6
+
12
18
9
45
=
+
=
=
=
=
= 2.256
F
4
8
8
8
4
2
1F
3F
1F
3F
A
B
A
B
2F
6F
2F
6F
1F
2F
5F
6F
2F

25. (a) By loop method application in the closed circuit AB ab DA

30

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

12

+

FFF Q +

2

1

+

1

224

Q

Q

=

0

In the close circuit ABCDA

12

+

F Q

2

+

Q 4

+

F Q

1

2

= 0

(

ii

)

(

i

)

, From (i) and (ii) 2Q + 3Q1 = 48 ………(iii) and 3Q – Q1 = 48, and

subtracting Q = 4Q1, and substation in equn.

2Q + 3Q1 = 48 8Q + 3Q = 48 11Q1 = 48,Q1 48 / 11 Q
48
12
vAB
=
1
=
=
= V
4 F
11
 4
11
2F
C
2F
a
B
Q
Q
4F
4F
Q – Q 1
A
D
b
6F
(b) The potential = 24 – 12 = 12
(2
 +
0
12
4)
48
V =
=
= 8 V
Potential difference
2
+ 4
6
The Va - Vb = - 8V
b
4F 12V
4F
2F
a
a
24V
24V
(c)
From the figure it is cleared that the left and right branch are symmetry and reversed, so the
current go towards BE from BAFEB as the current from EDCBE.
Q
0
V =
=
= 0
 The net charge Q = 0
C
C
Right
Left
2V
A
B
2V
C
a
2F
b
2F
D
F
E

Vab = 0 The potential at Kab is zero. Book miss

BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES

31

 24 + 24 + 24 = 72 = 10.3 V  Va − Vb =− 10.3 V 7 7 