GAUSS LAW
Question For Short Answer
deshaping it).
4. Electric field indie the uniformly charge distributed, spherical plastic shell is zero. If, we deshape it
without altering the charge densities over its surface, then electric field inside shell may not be zero,
since plastic is a non conductor, it cannot distribute its charge over its surface. But if shell is made of
a metal (conductor) then, still electric field indie shell be zero. ( after dish aping it).
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some negative charge will shift to right and negative charge will shift to right and positive charge
will shift to left, since q, is tve.
Then,
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3
Inside, the shell electric field due to irregular charge distribution on its surface will be towards right. And since ‘q’ is tve charge, Therefore force on ‘q’ due to shell is surface charge distribution will ve towards right.
5(a).
By Gauss’s law, net flux through any closed surface inclosing a charge ‘q’ is q/0. So, doesn’t matter whether radius increased or decreased, if net enclosed charge is same then flux will be same in same medium.
0
2V
V
decreasing linearly as rod is going from cube, therefore flux will decrease linearly from time
and becomes zero at
t =
3L / 2
V
t =
L
V
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5
is more stable when it passes lower energy. Hence if a dielectric slab is gradually inserted between the plates of isolated capacitor, energy of capacitor becomes lower, and the system stability becomes higher. Therefore, a force is exerted by capacitor on dielectric slab when you put a force to remove slab from capacitor.
5.(C).
Since electric field due to one plate of capacitor at place of second plate remains unchanged
Objective – ll
Instantaneous speed of electron in current caring wire is variable w.r.t. time.
V
inst
=
d
dt t − 0
t
Hence, we cannot define drift speed in from of instantaneous speed.
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
6. 
Yes, it is right, that no electric field can be existing inside the conductor, however, conductors can 
carry charge inside it when we put potential difference across it. 

10. 
There is two different physical quantities, work done, and energy. But it can be added subtracted 
with each other since their dimensions and units are same work can transform into energy and energy
can transform into work. Hence here work done by battery transforming into thermal energy of
resistor.
11.
12.
13.
14.
16.
17.
Question for short answers
1. Electric field and magnetic field are not basically independent. They are two aspects of the same
entity wich we combinely called electromagnetic field. Therefore, in moving frame with charged
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particle there is same force existing but in form of electric – force and also there exists now electric field in moving frame with charged particle.
3.
6.
Only in uniform magnetic field, a current loop will experience zero. And not in non uniform magnetic field.
Since, C = q(V B)
2(d).
Since,
R =
A
, so we cannot calculate resistance with only resistivity(s), without and
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
5.(c) Since, In an electric circuit containing battery, current flows
from positive terminal of battery, but in a current carrying wire,
actually electrons flows in opposite direction to the direction of
current.
R

I 

V
I
Objective – ll
1.a
7.c,d
8.(c) Due to process of induction of charge
2.d
1d
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^{2}^{d}
Ceq =
C
2
(in series) and, since half of the applied
voltage will appear across the capacitor, means if we apply ‘2V’ potential across capacitor system then ‘v’ potential will appear across each capacitor. Hence, In series as given, the breakdown voltage will be 2V
C
C
2V
Flux of a electric field is produced by a charged body or magnetic body. Here there is no such charge of conditions, so there is no charge in the flux of the electric field.
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3
4.
5.
6.
7.
1.
2.
3.
4
5.
F
(a) Although the surface area increases but the no of electric lines of force of flux constant However the flux density may charge.
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6.
(d) Electric field increases as the rod approaches and then remains constant when the rod is inside the
cube, as there are no fl here. Again the flux goes on decreasing as the rod comes out of the cube.
7.
For one surface the flux gets halved, i.e.
q
2
0
6.
(a), (c) For there positions the flux of the electric field is not affected by that of A & C as they are in
line with `q'
7. (c), (d) Initially since these is no net charge enclosed inside the surface, hence flux is zero pinally the
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
8.
1.
2.
flux is alsp zero. When the current flow is stopped. Hence the flux remains unchanged and is equal to
zero.
(b) Due to induction
Some amount of charge is induced in the conducting sphere due to induct from P. Ag some part of
this charge also remains within the closed surface. Hence according to Gauss’s law electric flux is
(+ve).
x
We know: Flux a charge enclosed. charge enclosed in the rod inside the cube.
= 1/2 0 Q / 1 = Q / 2 0
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
5.
6.
7.
9.
A
_{H}


4/3 

22/ 7 

( 
4 

10 
− 
2 
) 
3 



0 
4 

− 
4 

1/3 
4 
10 
− 
2 

1 

8.85 
10 
− 
12 
10
1
Hence =
=
2.0
22/ 7
(
4
10
−
2
)
2
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= 3.0 10 ^{5} N / C
= 1.065 10 ^{1}^{2} N/C = 1.1 10 ^{1}^{2} N/C
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^{C}
Now, Force experienced by the electron due to the electric field in wire
= centripetal force. Eq = mv ^{2}
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We knnow m
9.1
assumed radius
,
10
−
31
0
=
0
=
?,
r
=
kg
1
1
m
2
2
Eq =
KE
=
2 
r 

1/ 2 

E 

q 

r 
=
1/ 2
r
=
1.6
10
− 19
2
10
−
8
= 2
10
−
=
1/ 2
2
0
r
1.6
8
9
10
9
1.6
10
−
19
=
10
−
19
2.88
r
10
−
17
J
CHAPTER 31
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
1.
The charge on the capacitor is Q.
+Q1
Q
+Q2
No, because capacitance is a constant.
(d) The dlux of the electric field through field through a closed surface enclosing the capacitor is
zero.
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2. (d) C / 2 and 2V
3. (c) C = 2C, and V = 2V As the potential of battery is same as the individual
CV
CV
12. (d) Series, parallel
OBJECTIVE —II
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
1.
2.
4.
5.
6.
7.
1.
2.
The capacitance of a capacitor (c) does not depend on the charges on the plates.
(b) The charge on the capacitor will remain same.
The dielectric slab is insertedbetween the platesofacapacitor. The change on the capacitor is Q and the magnitude of the indced charges on each surface the Dielectric is Q.
(d) Q ‘must be smaller than Q.
5 cm
0.1 cm
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3. Let the radius of the disc = R, Area = R ^{2} , C = 1f
d = 1mm = 10 ^{}^{3} m. 

C = 
0 
A 

d 

1 
= 
8.85 

10 
− 
12 

r 
2 
2 
10 
− 
3 

10 
12 


10 
9 
10 
− 
3 
10 
9 
r = 
8.85 

= = 
= 5998 − 5 m − 
5 km 
8.85
3.14
27.784
q2 = 8.85 2.5 12 10 ^{}^{1}^{2} = 2.65 10 ^{}^{1}^{0} C The extra charge given to plate = (2.65 – 1.32) 10 ^{}^{1}^{0} C = 1.33 10 ^{}^{1}^{9} C
6.
C1 = F
C2 = 4F
C3 = 6F
V = 12V
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
7.
8.
cq = C1 + C2 + C3 = 2+ 4 + 6 = 12F = 12 10 ^{}^{6} F
q1 = 12 2 = 24C, q2 = 12 4 = 48C
q3 = 12 6 = 72F
c
1
+
c
2
+
c
3
16
16
Since B & C are ll & are in series with A.
So, q1 = 8 6 = 48C,
q2 = 4 6 = 24C,
q3 = 4 6 = 24C
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9. BOOK MISS
A
6F
B
4F
12V
C
4F
1
1
1
1
1
+ 1
C
1
4
C
2
6
C
C
C
,
C
C
+
C
=
=
=
C
p
=
2
=
2
=
2
F and Cq =
2
2
=
= 3
F
11. The capacitance of the other sphere = 2.2F
Potential, V = 10v
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
Let the charge given to individual cylinder = q
C
=
q
v
,
q
=
C
V
=
,
2.2
10
= 22
F
The total charge given to the inner cylinder = 22 + 22 = 44F
12.
13.
N 0. of capaci
tan
ce ^{=}
3
14. Let there are ‘X’ no of capacitors in series ie in a row
So, x 50 = 200
or,
x =
200
50
= 4
capacitors Effective capacitance in a row =
10
4
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Now, let there are ‘y’ such rows each of 4 capacitors.
15.
(a) Capacitor
4
8 8
12 32
8 3
4
+
=
=
and
6 6
+ 3 3
18 9
=
= 2
F
q
S
2
2
So the potential at the point C & D are same. So no current flow thought the point C & C so if we
connected another capacitor at the point C & D the charge on the capacitor is zero.
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
C + C C
1
2
C
1
2
+
C
3
+
=
C
3
+
2C C
1
2
C
1
+
C
2
C + C C
1
2
C
1
2
( The three are parallel) fig
7. In the figure the three capacitors are arranged in parallel. All have same surface area
= a =
A
3
,
_{1} st
18.
(b) Same as R2 / R1 will be same
19. Given that
C 
= 100PF = 100 10 ^{}^{1}^{2} F, 
Ceq = 20PF 
V 
= 24V 
= 20 10 ^{}^{1}^{2} F 
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q = 24 100 10 ^{}^{1}^{2} F
Let q1 = The new charge 100 PF
V1 = The voltage Let the new potential is V1 After the flow of charge, potential is same in the two capacitor
= 24 10 ^{}^{1}^{0}
q2 = ?
V
1
=
q 
2 
= 
q 1 
= 
q 
− q 
1 
= 
q 1 
= 
24 
10 
− 18 
− 
q 
1 
= 
q 
1 

C 
2 
C 
1 
C 2 
C 
1 
20 
10 
− 
12 
100 

10 
− 
12 
=
24
10
−
10
−
q
=
q
1
1 5
d – separation of both the plates
= q
v c
.
0
A
c =
0
A
q
d
=
0
A
c
, qE = mg
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=
QV C
. A .
0
=
mg ,
=
0.01
0.02
V
8.85
10
−
12
100
=
0.1
980
V =
0.1
980
8.85
10
−
10
0.0002
0.000000086
=
0.0002
=
0.0043
=
43 MV
0.04F
p
V
a
c
=
qeme
Me
. The acceleration of proton
=
qp
Mp
= ap
2.
23. The accin. of electron
The distance travelled by proton
x =
1
2
apt
2
( i )
The distance travelled by electron ……….(ii)
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From (i) and (ii) 2 – X = 1 / 2act ^{2} , x = 1 / 2act ^{2} 2 – x = 1 / 2act ^{2}
X = 
a 
p 
= 
q 
p 
E 
/ 
M p 



2 − X 
a 
c 
q F / 
M 
= 
x 

c 
c 
2 − X 

= 
9.1 
10 − 
31 
= 
9.1 
10 
− 
4 
= 
5.449 


167 
10 − 
27 
167 
=
M
c
M
p
10
−
4
x + 0.0005449x = 1.0005449 = 10.898 10 ^{}^{4} x
x + 5.449 10 ^{}^{4} x = 10.898 10 ^{}^{4}
25. (a) By loop method application in the closed circuit AB ab DA
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BY R. K. MALIK’S NEWTON CLASSES
−
12
+
FFF Q +
2
1
+
1
224
Q
Q
=
0
In the close circuit ABCDA
−
12
+
F Q
2
+
Q 4
+
F Q
1
2
= 0
(
ii
)
(
i
)
, From (i) and (ii) 2Q + 3Q1 = 48 ………(iii) and 3Q – Q1 = 48, and
subtracting Q = 4Q1, and substation in equn.
2Q + 3Q1 = 48 8Q + 3Q = 48 11Q1 = 48,Q1 48 / 11
Vab = 0 The potential at Kab is zero. Book miss
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31
24 
+ 
24 
+ 
24 
= 
72 
= 
10.3 
V 

Va 
− 
Vb 
=− 
10.3 
V 
7 
7 
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