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Despite india having a strong growth in the economy high concentration in the growth is

based in the rich states like bihar,orissa and rajasthan leaving the poor states like
punjab,haryana and gujarat lagging behind,according to the graph below for the past 3
decades the poverty gap between the poor and the rich states per capital income level has

The annual growth rate from the 1970s to the 1980s increased rapidly especially in the poor
states but after a sudden ease in the growth from 1980s to 1990s the midle income states rose
even higher than the rich states while the poor states growth declined to 2004. The average %
of population below poverty line that is $1.25 per day from 1992 to 2007 was 42%,this
shows that majority of the population are poor and still left behind a large distance.

As we all know that households are the major consumers of goods and services,the graph
above illustrates the annual consumption from year 1997 to 2008 were by the year 2004 had
highest consumption expenditure growth this is probably because income per capital was high
during that year therefore more individuals could afford to spend on goods and services,but
after that,the growth rate in 2005 onwards declined back to its old range probably because the
government implemented a contractionary policy to control high demands of goods and
services.The percentage of household consumption in the year 2005 from the high income
families and the low income families had a great difference,the percentage for the lowest
income was 3.6% while that of highest income was 31.1% this shows a wide poverty gap in

Technological advancement also plays an important role in economic growth,india is

capitalizing in its large amount of well-educated people to become a major exporter in
software workers and software services,by the amount of usage of internet we can see how
more participate in the advancing technology.

The graph above shows the proportionality in the amount of internet users from 1997 to 2008
as the years are proceeding the number of people are increasing because more people get
involved with technology as years go on.but a greater problem is the rapid growth in
population which is a major problem in the long run of indias economy

However water and sanitation facilities has always been a problem in india

Despite india having sufficient infrustructure there is still a strugle in colllecting water even if
it is available,a study case in 2007 by the asian development bank showed that no city in india
had a continous water supply,even in the capital delhi due to poor management in the
distribution system residence recieved water only a few hours per day.the graph above shows
the trend of impoved water facilties in the rural and urban areas,the diffrence in the
improvement in water facilities is not so wide,in 1990’s an average of 72% in population had
access to improved water source while in 2008 an average of 88% of the population had
access to improved water supply where by 96% were from the urban areas and 84% was from
the rural areas.

Out of 2.5 billion people worldwide who defecate openly,665 million of those are from
india,this leads to deaths from diseases like diarrhea due to unsafe water,inadequate sanitation
and poor hygiene. In 2006 28% of the population had acces to improved sanitation facilities
including 52% of the urban population and 18% of the rural population, a difference is seen
above from the graph in the improvement between the urban and the rural.this low coverage
maybe explained as hygiene components and sanitation improvements start off well but
deviate after a while due to poor financing plan.

Inadequate sanitation and unsafe water plays a negative health impact to the mass
population,a research by the WHO in 2002 claimed that an estimation of 700,000 indians die
each year from diarrhoea.the graph below shows the prevalence of undernourishment in % of
population from 1997 to 2007 the percentage has not even reached 50% of the total

Research by the world health organization shows that despite the large population of
indians the total expenditure on health in 2006 was 4.9% of the GDP,the probability of dying
within the age of 15 to 60’s is 24% which is very high for such young age and their healthy
life expectation is within the age of 50’s for both female and male. This data shows that a
large portion of the population is not nutritionally cared for.