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Chapter 5: Algebra

Worksheet B

1 Write the following expressions without multiplication signs.

a 5×p×q×4×r b 3a × 2bc × 6d

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2 Write the following expressions without a division sign. Simplify your answer, if
possible.

a (2m – 1) ÷ 3 b 5s ÷ 6t

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c 4a ÷ 7ab d 9xyz ÷ 12xz

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3 The expression 3(n + 5) can be written as (n + 5) + (n + 5) + (n + 5).

a Simplify this expression by collecting like terms.

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b Using the same method, write 2(3a + 7b) in full and simplify the result.

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© Cambridge University Press 2011 1


4 Use the distributive law to expand the following.

a 4(x + 8) b 7(y – 6)

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c 5(9 – 3z) d 3c(9a + 2b)

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5 Consider the following rectangle:

a Write an expression that gives the perimeter of this rectangle.

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b Use your expression to find the perimeter if a = 4 and b = 7.

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c Write an expression that gives the area of this rectangle.

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d Use your expression to find the area if a = 2 and b = 3.

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© Cambridge University Press 2011 2


6 In Australian Rules football a goal is worth 6 points and a ‘behind’ is worth 1 point.
This means the total score for a team is 6g + b, if g goals and b behinds are scored.

a What are the values of g and b for a team that has scored 5 goals
and 2 behinds?

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b What is the score for a team that has scored 9 goals and 8 behinds?

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c If a team has a score of 37, this could be because g = 4 and b = 13. Find two
other possible values of g and b.

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7 An electrician charges a $30 call-out fee and $80 per hour.

a Complete the following table.

Hours 1 2 3 4 5

Total cost ($)

b Write an expression for the total cost if the electrician works for h hours.

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c Use your expression to find how much it will cost for the electrician to work
for 12 hours.

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© Cambridge University Press 2011 3