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STUDENT BOOK Answer Key

Building Vocabulary
Chapter 1: Are You Getting Page 7
Enough Sleep? A. 1. to 5. enough
2. to 6. spend
Understanding the Text
3. enough 7. schedule
Page 4
4. without 8. schedule
A. 1. F (No, Randy Gardner studied the effects of
not getting enough sleep.) Language Focus
F (No, Randy stayed awake for eleven days Page 8
and nights without sleep.)
A. 1. a. slept 3. a. gone
T
1. b. sleep 3. b. go
F (No, it took Randy four nights to return to
his normal sleep schedule.) 2. a. Have 4. a. spent
F (No, going without sleep is dangerous for 2. b. Did 4. b. spend
white rats. They can die.)
T
T
F (No, the word “slurred” means difficult to Chapter 2: Mika’s Homestay in
understand.)
London
B. 1. Answers will vary. These are suggested
answers. Understanding the Text
You might have trouble speaking clearly. Page 14
You might hallucinate.
You could have trouble reading. A. 1. answered 4. realized
You could have trouble remembering things. 2. not expensive 5. toured
You might have trouble counting. 3. asked

Page 5 B. 1. F (No, Mika asked her father for a ring.)


2. F (No, Mika went to London by herself.)
B. 2. Answers will vary. These are suggested 3. F (No, Mika lived with a host family for one
answers. month.)
You could have trouble studying for a test. 4. T
You might forget your boyfriend or 5. F (No, Mika did things in London with
girlfriend’s name. Nadiege, another homestay student.)
You could forget to eat dinner.
You might have trouble speaking English. C. For her 19th birthday, Mika Tanaka’s parents sent
her to London. While she was there, she lived
Reading Skill with a middle-class British family. Her host
father and mother, Mr. And Mrs. Flannery, were
Page 6
very kind to Mika and she felt relaxed with
A. 1. After 24 hours without sleep, Gardner had them. The Flannerys taught her a lot about
trouble reading and watching television. The British food and they invited her to a party at
words and pictures were too blurry. their house every Saturday. Mika studied English
2. By the fourth day, Gardner was while she was in London and in class she tried
hallucinating. For example, when he saw a to speak a lot.
street sign, he thought it was a person.
D. 1. a. Mika would agree.
3. Over the next few days, Gardner’s speech
b. Mika would agree.
became so slurred that people couldn’t
c. Mika would agree.
understand him.
2. Answers will vary. These are suggested
B. 1. cheap 4. a place to eat answers.
2. comfortable 5. cut a. Advantage: She could speak more
3. difficult English.

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use. SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key
Advantage: She could meet more people 5. Mrs. Flannery went to a pub on Saturday
from other countries. evenings because she wanted to spend time
Disadvantage: She might have trouble with her husband.
understanding students from other 6. Mika felt comfortable with Mr. and Mrs.
countries. Flannery since they treated her like a
Disadvantage: She might have trouble daughter.
making friends.
B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
b. Advantage: She could make her own
1. I want to travel to Hawaii because the
plans every weekend.
beaches there are beautiful.
Advantage: She could meet more people
2. I think it’s important to study Chinese since
Disadvantage: She might be lonely.
more than one billion people speak this
Disadvantage: She might have trouble
language.
getting from the airport to her host
3. I got up at 6:00 this morning because I
family’s house.
wanted to exercise before going to school.
Reading Skill
Page 17

A. 1. 1 4. 2 Chapter 3: The Book of the Future


2. 2 5. 1
3. 3 6. 3 Understanding the Text
B. 1. On line 8, like means as if. The Flannerys Page 25
treated Mika as if she was their own A. 1 F (No, electronic books will be different
daughter. from today’s books in many ways.)
2. On line 45, like means want. I would like is a 2. T
more polite way to say I want. Mika wants 3. T
to be more open-minded about people from 4. F (No, the words in an electronic book will
other countries, like her host family is. change when you press a button.)
3. On line 46, like means in the same way or 5. F (No, radio paper is made of plastic.)
manner as somebody or something. Mika
wants to be open-minded in the same way B. 1. c 4. a
that her host family is. 2. c 5. c
3. a
Building Vocabulary C. 1.
Pages 18–19
Advantages Disadvantages
A. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers. of the e-book of the e-book
1. My friends were very kind to me when I was
sick. It will be easy to use. An e-book will need a power
source.
2. My aunt and uncle gave me a warm Students won’t need to carry
welcome when I visited them last summer. a number of books to class. It could stop working.
3. I joined a health club that had reasonable We won’t need to cut down The words aren’t permanent.
fees. trees to make paper.
(An e-book will probably be
B 1. did some research (With one book, you can more expensive than a
2. middle-class people read novels, plays, and even regular book.)
3. treated me like today’s news.)
4. took my father’s advice
5. hold a party
6. having problems with 2. a. Electronic paper will be more expensive
than regular paper because … it will be
Language Focus made of plastic.
Pages 19–20 b. You will only need one book in the future
because … you will be able to change the
A. 1. Mika went to London because it was her stories in the book.
19th birthday present. c. E-ink is more useful than regular ink
2. Mike decided to study English at Oxford because … it isn’t permanent.
House since it wasn’t expensive. d. People will feel more comfortable
3. Mika got to know Nadiege because they reading an e-book because … it will look
lived with the same homestay family. and feel like a regular book.
4. Mika asked English people their impressions e. You won’t need a bookshelf in the future
of Japan because she wanted to know what because … you will own just one book.
foreigners thought.

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use.
Reading Skill B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
Pages 27–28 1. The first television was much bigger than
today’s televisions.
A. 1. The paragraph is about e-books, or 2. Today’s televisions are better than the first
electronic books. television.
2. b 3. The first television was heavier than today’s
B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers. TVs.
4. Today’s TVs are much more convenient than
Know Want to Know the first television.
5. The first television was more difficult to
a. What do you already know b. What do you want to
about the topic of the know about the topic of watch.
paragraph? the paragraph
Add two ideas. Add one question.
Electronic ink is a liquid. What liquid is in Chapter 4: How to Be a Successful
electronic ink?
(E-books use radio paper Businessperson
which is a kind of plastic.) What is in the capsules?
(E-books will look and feel (What are the white Understanding the Text
like regular books.) balls?) Pages 35–36

A. 7 He sold his first restaurant at a profit.


4 He got a job as a cook’s helper.
C. Question: What liquid is in electronic ink?
9 He bought his 168th restaurant.
Answer: Electronic ink is a dark liquid.
2 He moved to the U.S.
However, an electronic charge can make the ink
3 He got a job at a car rental company.
look white.
1 He learned to fly a plane.
Question: What is in the capsules? 6 He bought his first restaurant.
Answer: The capsules contain dark liquid and 8 He bought three more restaurants.
hundreds of white balls. 5 He became the manager of a restaurant.
Question: What are the white balls? B. 1. F (No, Mr. Kazi moved to the U.S. to get a
Answer: The white balls can make the electronic job in the airline industry.)
ink look white or black. 2. T
3. T
Building Vocabulary 4. F (No, Mr. Kazi didn’t like working as a
Pages 28–29 cook’s assistant.)
5. F (No, Mr. Kazi borrowed money from a
A. 1. computer cells, computer screen, computer
bank.)
game, computer station
6. T
2. news source, newspaper, news station
7. T
3. brain cells
8. F (No, Mr. Kazi made money when he sold
4. radio paper, radio station
his first restaurant.)
5. power source, power station
6. street sign C. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
7. host family 1. I think Mr. Kazi is a hardworking person
8. subway sign, subway station because he worked 7 days a week.
I think Mr. Kazi is a kind person because he
B. 1. here to stay
tried to please his customers.
2. need a power source
I think Mr. Kazi is a successful person
3. press the button
because he made a profit with his restaurants.
4. the technology behind
I think Mr. Kazi is a creative person because
5. looks and feels like
he can cook good food.
I think Mr. Kazi is a fortunate person
Language Focus
because he is rich.
Pages 29–30
2. Answers will vary. This is a suggested
A. 1. sleepier 5. kinder answer.
2. warmer 6. more famous a. Question: What did this person do?
3. more dangerous 7. more serious Answer: He started one of the largest
4. more delicious 8. more reasonable computer software companies in the
world.

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use. SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key
b. Question: How would you describe this
person? Chapter 5: Tonic Water, Please
Answer: He is very smart and creative,
although he never graduated from a Understanding the Text
university. He is one of the richest men Page 46
in the world, but he is also generous.
He gives a lot of his money to help A. 1. T Line 1 5. T Line 12
poor people. 2. T Lines 6–7 6. T Line 14
(This person is Bill Gates, Chairman of 3. T Line 2 7. F Lines 27–28
Microsoft Corporation.) 4. F Lines 11–12 8. F Lines 42–43
B. Tetsuya Saruhasi is from Japan, but he lived and
Reading Skill studied in Canada for a year. Before he went to
Page 37 Canada, he spent a lot of time studying English.
That’s why he was able to understand people
A. 1. a 2. a
when he got to Canada. Unfortunately, however,
B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers. many Canadians couldn’t understand Tetsuya.
1. You can infer that Mr. Kazi is a good This was because he had trouble pronouncing
businessman. some sounds in English. One time at a night
2. You can infer that life was difficult for Mr. club, Tetsuya ordered tonic water, but the
Kazi when he first came to the U.S. bartender thought he wanted twenty quarters.
3. You can infer that the owners trusted Mr. Tetsuya laughed when he realized what the
Kazi and thought he was a good worker. problem was.

Building Vocabulary C. 1. Example: Conversation #2


Tetsuya: Excuse me, tonic water please.
Page 38
Bartender: What?
A. 1. Mr. Kazi is a successful manager of 168 Tetsuya: Can I have a tonic water?
restaurants. Bartender: Say it again.
Mr. Kazi manages 168 restaurants successfully. (Bartender opens cash register and takes
2. For a while, Mr. Kazi worked at a car rental out some quarters.)
company. Tetsuya: No, I didn’t ask for twenty
For a while, Mr. Kazi worked at a company quarters. I just want tonic water.
that rented cars. Bartender: I’m so sorry. The music is so loud.
3. Mr. Kazi was the manager of a KFC 2. Answers will vary. These are suggested
restaurant. answers.
Mr. Kazi managed a KFC restaurant. A: Where is Toronto?
4. Mr. Kazi’s work impressed his employers. B: Could you say that again?
Mr.s Kazi’s work made an impression on his A: Where is Toronto?
employers. B: It’s in Canada.
5. Mr. Kazi made a profit from the sale of each
A: Have you ever done volunteer work?
restaurant.
B: Could you repeat that?
Mr. Kazi profited from the sale of each
A: Have you ever done volunteer work?
restaurant.
B: No, I haven’t.
3. Answers will vary.
Language Focus
Pages 39–40 Reading Skill
A. 1. to fly 5. to give Pages 48–50
2. to find 6. to improve
A. 1. Taipei 4. No
3. To save 7. to please
2. 6,000,000 3. Yes
4. to come 8. to buy
B. 1. a 3. c
B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
2. c
1. What do you plan to do this evening?
2. How are you planning to travel to Bali? Building Vocabulary
3. Where can you learn to ski?
Pages 50–51
4. Have you ever tried to ski?
5. Where would you like to eat? A. 1. mispronounced 6. mismanaged
6. What do you hope to do someday? 2. misread 7. miscounted
7. When do you want to study for the test? 3. misspell 8. misunderstood
8. What are you planning to make for dinner? 4. misunderstand 9. misread
9. Have you ever forgotten to study for a test? 5. misinformed
10. Where do you hope to live someday?

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use.
Language Focus Building Vocabulary
Pages 51–52 Pages 60–61

A. 1. a. however 3. a. however A. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.


b. and b. and 1. It’s possible that mobile phones cause
2. a. and cancer.
b. but 2. Studies show that the sun causes cancer.
3. I know that there has been an explosion in
B. 1. but 3. but
mobile phone use.
2. and
4. I think that mobile phone use will become
more popular in the future.
5. Studies show that large amounts of
radiation are dangerous.
Chapter 6 Cell Phones: Hang Up
B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
or Keep Talking? 1. a. It’s possible that cell phones are
dangerous to your health.
Understanding the Text b. It’s a fact that more people have cell
Pages 57–58 phones today than five years ago.
2. a. It seems that many Asian students like to
A. 1. a 4. b
study in California.
2. a 5. b
b. I’m certain that living and studying in an
3. b 6. c
English-speaking country is the best way
B. to learn English.
3. a. It’s possible that good students sleep
Advantages of Disadvantages of
Cell Phones Cell Phones more than poor students.
b. Studies show that it’s good to sleep about
They are easy to carry. They sometimes ring during
eight hours a night.
concerts and movies.
They are small. 4. a. I think that people should read more
They are expensive. books and watch less TV.
You can talk on the phone
anywhere. It’s easy to lose them. b. It’s a fact that scientists are working on
electronic books of the future.
(They are useful when there’s Cell phone users have more
an emergency.) car accidents.
Language Focus
(Sometimes you can’t hear
the person you’re talking to Page 61–62
very well.) A. 1. mobile phone companies
2. long-term use of a mobile phone
3. some health professionals
2. Answers will vary. These are suggested
4. radiation
answers.
5. mobile phones
Mobile phones are smaller than regular
phones. B. 1. A Danish study of cell phone users did not
Regular phones are safer than mobile prove that they are more likely to get cancer.
phones. 2. The radiation in laboratory tests may not
Mobile phones are more popular than have penetrated the cells as it would
regular phones. penetrate the brain in real life.
Regular phones are more comfortable than 3. Scientists are eagerly awaiting the results of
mobiles phones. a very large study of cell phone users in
Mobile phones are more convenient than Europe. Unfortunately, it won’t be available
regular phones. for several more years.
4. Many of my Japanese classmates didn’t use
Reading Skill their English very much even though they
Page 59 had large vocabularies.
5. A few years ago, it seemed likely that
1. Fact 6. Fact
computers would replace books. Now,
2. Opinion 7. Fact
however, most experts think they are here
3. Fact 8. Opinion
to stay.
4. Fact 9. Fact
6. Mr. Kazi’s job was to clean the kitchen. “I
5. Opinion 10. Fact
didn’t like it,” Mr. Kazi says, “but I always
did the best I could.”

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use. SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key
they see one for the first time. After seeing a
Chapter 7: The Ghost Pilot ghost, a person might say, “I didn’t believe in
ghosts before, but now I do. Seeing is
Understanding the Text believing.”After this person saw a ghost, he
Pages 68–69 or she believed in ghosts.
A. 1. T Reading Skill
2. T
Page 70
3. F (No, the ghost of Don Repo only appeared
on some Eastern Airlines flights.) A. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
4. T 1. A few months after the accident, an airline
5. F (No, a passenger saw the ghost of Don executive was traveling in an airplane to
Repo.) Miami, Florida. After talking to another
6. F (No, spotted means saw.) passenger for awhile, he realized the person
7. T was Bob Loft. Then the person faded away.
8. F (No, you can not make this inference from 2. One airline crew thought they talked to Bob
facts in the story.) Loft in an airport staffroom. They were so
upset, the airlines had to cancel their flight.
B. The Ghost Pilot is a story about some strange
3. One passenger was worried because the
things that happened after Flight 401 crashed in
man next to her looked ill. Then, when a
1972. Several months after the accident, a
flight attendant touched the man, he faded
number of people saw Bob Loft and Don Repo,
away. The passenger later identified the
the pilot and flight engineer of Flight 401 who
man as Don Repo.
died in the crash. For example, an airline
executive saw Bob Loft in the first-class section Building Vocabulary
of an airplane. An airplane pilot saw Bob Loft in
Page 71
an airport staffroom. Some people thought the
two ghosts appeared only on flights with A. 1. feel notice see spot
replacement parts from the crashed Flight 401. 2. disappear fade away shock vanish
After the engineers removed the replacement 3. concerned unexpected troubled worried
parts, Bob Loft and Don Repo stopped 4. ask answer respond reply
appearing. 5. claimed said stated repeated
6. regular normal serious usual
C. 1. Answers will vary. These are suggested
7. depart join leave take off
answers.
8. dangerous harmful unsafe convenient
It seems It doesn’t seem 9. fail dream hope plan
possible that … possible that …
B. 1. section 5. landed
a. the executive of Eastern a. the pilot faded away while 2. faded away 6. usual
Airlines had a conversation the executive was talking 3. saw 7. bosses
with a pilot. to him.
4. looked
b. the first-class passenger b. the man faded away when
saw someone who looked the flight attendant Language Focus
like Don Repo. touched his arm. Page 72
c. the ghosts appeared on c. three airline employees A. 1. shocked 3. carefully
planes with replacement had a conversation with
2. sick 4. passed
parts from Flight 401. Bob Loft in the staffroom
after he died. B. 1. If they took her to the hospital, she must
have been really sick.
2. If she couldn’t sleep all night, she must have
2. Answers will vary. These are suggested felt tired the next day.
answers. 3. If there isn’t any food in the house, he must
One advantage is that airlines can save not have gone to the supermarket.
money by putting undamaged parts from a 4. If the door is locked, they must have gone
crashed plane into another plane. away.
One disadvantage is that passengers might 5. If he did well on the test, he must have
be afraid when they hear that an airline uses studied.
replacement parts from crashed planes. 6. If you can’t hear the radio, she must have
3. Answers will vary. This is a suggested turned it off.
answer. 7. If they didn’t call, they must have lost your
“Seeing is believing” means you have to see number.
something with your own eyes to believe it. 8. If he bought a car, he must have borrowed
Many people don’t believe in ghosts until money from the bank.

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use.
Building Vocabulary
Chapter 8: Helping Others Page 81

Understanding the Text A. 1. uncomfortable 4. inexperienced


Pages 78–79 2. incomplete 5. unwise
3. unhealthy 6. unprofitable
A. 1. c 4. a
2. a 5. b Language Focus
3. c 6. c Page 82
B. 1. spending time with family, friends, and A. Answers will vary. The following are suggested
neighbors answers.
developing close relationships 1. Using a mobile phone is really bad for your
helping each other health.
appreciating what you have 2. Learning to fly a plane would be difficult.
Answers will vary. These are suggested 3. Developing close relationships will help you
answers. keep in touch with your friends.
We think it’s important to spend time with 4. Saving money is an important thing to do.
neighbors because they can help you if there’s 5. Starting your own business is a wise thing
an emergency. to do.
We think it’s important to develop close 6. Traveling abroad would be a lot of fun.
relationships because strong friendships are the 7. Watching television helps relieve stress.
most important thing in life. 8. Traveling abroad is exciting.
We think it’s important to appreciate what you
have because many people are poorer than
we are.
2. Answers will vary. These are suggested Chapter 9: Baseball Fans Around
answers. the World
Positive Things Negative Things Understanding the Text
1. You can help other people. 1. You don’t earn money. Pages 88–90
2. You can meet people from 2. You might sleep in an A. 1. F (No, this article is primarily about the
other countries. uncomfortable place. behavior of baseball fans around the
3. You can learn new skills, 3. You might be very tired at world.)
like building a house. the end of each day. 2. F (No, according to the article, baseball fans
are noisy in every country except the U.S.)
3. T
Reading Skill 4. T
Page 80 5. F (No, air horns are popular in Taiwan, but
not the U.S.)
Answers will vary. These are suggested answers. 6. F (No, Taiwanese fans are just as loud as
Japanese fans.)
Chapter Title Topic Main Idea 7. F (No, the scream means to yell and make a
1 Are You Getting sleep Going without lot of noise.)
Enough Sleep? sleep can be bad 8. F (No, chatting means talking socially with
(p. 1) for your health. friends.)
2 Mika’s Homestay Living with a You can learn a 9. F (No, Japanese and Taiwanese fans do
in London (p. 11) family from lot from living in follow the game closely.)
another culture. another culture. 10. T
3 The Book of the the e-book Books in the B. Answers will vary.
Future (p. 22) future will not
be made of
paper. They will Reading Skill
be electronic. Pages 90–91
6 Cell Phones: the safety of Using a cell Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
Hang Up or Keep cell phones phone may be 1. I think Chapter 10 is about a famous
Talking? (p. 54) dangerous to
your health. musician because there’s a photo of a
woman with a violin.
2. I think Chapter 11 is about the danger of
nuclear power because the title of the
chapter is “How Safe Is Nuclear Power?”

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use. SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key
3. I think Chapter 12 is about falling in love 5. At the beach, you can see people swimming
because the title of the chapter is “Love at in the ocean.
First Sight.” 6. I heard you talking very loudly last night.
Please be quieter tonight.
Building Vocabulary
B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
Pages 91–92
I see people cheering.
A. I see someone using an air horn.
I see a woman singing.
Things that Things that I see a player in the outfield.
baseball players do baseball fans do
I see a man beating a drum.
Go to bat Chat with friends I see someone holding a sign that reads “#1.”
Hit home runs Cheer I see a small boy with a stuffed animal.
I see a vendor selling drinks.
Run around the bases Eat during the game I see someone blowing a trumpet.
Watch the game Have fun with friends I see some people clapping their hands.
I see a couple laughing.
Yell and scream Sing and dance
I see a woman reading a book or magazine.
Use air horns
C. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
Watch the game Sport: Basketball
Yell and scream 1. It’s common to see fans cheering loudly.
2. It’s not common to see fans sitting quietly
and reading.
B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers. 3. At games here, you often see players getting
very tired from running.
Things people do when they go without sleeping
4. At games here, you don’t usually see short
Hallucinate people playing. Most players are tall.
Lose weight
Have trouble remembering things
Have trouble reading
Have trouble doing things with their hands Chapter 10: Vanessa-Mae: A 21st
Things people do when they are learning a foreign language Century Musician
Mispronounce words Understanding the Text
Practice with native speakers
Pages 99–101
Learn about the culture of the new country
Make mistakes A. 2 Vanessa-Mae moved from Singapore to
Take conversation classes London with her mother and stepfather.
5 She went to Germany to take advanced
Things restaurant owners do violin classes.
Clean up the restaurant 6 She made her first professional appearance.
1 She was born in Singapore.
Make money
4 She decided to concentrate on violin instead
Hire cooks, waiters, and waitresses
of the piano.
Work many hours a week
3 She studied music in China.
Be nice to customers 7 She started playing “techno-acoustic fusion”
music.
Language Focus B. 1. c 3. a
Pages 92–94 2. a

A. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers. C. 1. Answers will vary. These are suggested
1. It’s common to see Americans eating answers.
popcorn and talking to friends at a baseball I think Vanessa-Mae is creative because she
game. experiments with different kinds of music.
2. In the Dominican Republic, you can see fans I think Vanessa-Mae is talented because she
singing and dancing at baseball games. was equally gifted at the piano and violin.
3. When I went to a game in Japan, I saw many I think Vanessa-Mae is successful because
fans cheering very loudly. she started playing music when she was
4. It’s fun to watch my favorite player hitting very young.
home runs. I think Vanessa-Mae is lucky because she
has lived in many countries.

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use.
I think Vanessa-Mae is brave because she 2. Although he took piano lessons for many
plays her violin in front of thousands of years, he never became a good piano player.
people. 3. Although we know that smoking is harmful,
millions of people smoke.
2. Answers will vary. These are suggested
4. Although he mispronounced many words, I
answers.
could understand him.
a. Do you like playing in front of thousands
5. He went outside even though it was raining
of people?
very hard.
b. Did you like traveling so much as a young
6. She felt tired even though she slept for ten
girl?
hours.
c. Who do you think is the best violinist in
7. Susan did poorly on the test even though
the world?
she studied very hard for four weeks.
d. What do you do in your free time?
8. Even though Linda studied French for five
e. When did you know you were a great
musician? years, she can’t speak it.
f. Where do you live now? 9. Although I like to eat fish, tonight I’m
g. Why did you choose the violin instead of planning to have chicken.
10. Although he’s only eight years old, he’s an
the piano?
excellent tennis player.
h. How many times do you perform each
year?

Reading Skill
Page 101 Chapter 11: How Safe is Nuclear
A. 1. Midori was born in Osaka, Japan. Power?
2. Her mother played the violin.
3. Midori’s mother took her to the concert hall Understanding the Text
when she was a baby. Pages 110–111

B. Answers will vary. This is a suggested answer. A. 1. F (No, the main idea of this reading is that
No, you don’t need to understand every word nuclear power can be dangerous.)
when you read. When you know some words in 2. F (No, the accident in Tokaimura occurred
a sentence, you can usually guess what the because workers put too much uranium in
sentence is about. To understand the general a tank.)
meaning of a paragraph, it’s good to keep 3. T
reading until you get to the end of the 4. T
paragraph. 5. F (No, as a result of the accident in
Chernobyl, people over large parts of
Building Vocabulary Europe were exposed to radiation.)
Page 102 6. F (No, the pronoun it in line 39 refers to
nuclear energy.)
A. 1. countable can be counted 7. T
2. washable can be washed 8. T
3. readable can be read
4. dangerous having danger B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
5. spacious having space
6. fearful full of fear Date Place What Happened?
7. sorrowful full of sorrow March 28, Three Mile Island a nuclear reactor melted
8. loveless without love 1979 Country: U.S. down
9. fearless without fear
10 hopeless without hope April 26, Chernobyl a nuclear accident; the
1986 Country: the former top of a nuclear reaction
Language Focus Soviet Union exploded into the sky

Pages 103–104 September Tokaimura a radiation leak occurred


30, 1999 Country: Japan when three plant
A. 1. couldn’t 5. couldn’t employees accidentally
2. is 6. doesn’t want poured too much
3. were 7. are uranium into a tank
4. was
B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
1. Although she felt tired, she played tennis
and went swimming.

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use. SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key
C. 1. 2. The article in this chapter said that Japan
depends on nuclear energy for about 35% of
Advantages Disadvantages
its power.
it produces cheap electricity radiation might leak into the 3. Supporters of nuclear power agree that
atmosphere there should be very strict safety measures
serious nuclear accidents are
rare people might be exposed to for nuclear power plants.
radiation 4. I believe that in the future more people will
radioactive pollution can use solar power.
cause birth defects

2. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.


a. I think nuclear power is dangerous because Chapter 12: Love at First Sight
there have been three serious accidents
since 1979. Understanding the Text
b. I think we should stop using nuclear energy Pages 120–122
because there are safer forms of energy we A. 1. b 5. b
can use like solar power and wind power. 2. c 6. c
c. I don’t think nuclear power will be more 3. b 7. b
popular in the future because many people 4. a
are afraid of it.
B. 1. Answers in the “Reason” column will vary.
Reading Skill These are suggested answers.
Page 112
Name, Believes in
Answers will vary. Profession, Love at
Age First Sight Reason
Building Vocabulary John, Artist, 30 Yes It happened to him.
Page 113 Mark, Salesman, Yes He fell in love with his
35 wife after one evening
A. 1. reaction together.
2. radiation
3. pollution, polluter Emily, College No It takes time for true love
student, 23 to develop.
4. result
5. research, researcher Carol, Writer, 37 No You fall in love slowly by
6. electricity, electrician talking to and getting to
know someone.
7. container
8. support, supporter Sarah, High school Yes It would be depressing to
9. injury senior, 18 think that love at first
sight never happened.
10. inspection, inspector
B. 1. supporter 4. electricity
2. pollution 5. injury 2.  Both of the men believe in love at first
3. radiation 6. result sight.
 The people who have experienced love
Language Focus at first sight believe it’s real.
Page 114 3. Answers will vary.

A. 1. Some people say that we should close down Reading Skill


all nuclear power plants. Pages 122–123
2. How many of you agree that we need to
stop using so much electricity? A. Answers will vary.
3. Many people think that we need to build B. Answers will vary.
more nuclear power plants.
4. I feel that we should spend more money on C. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
new technologies that can provide cheap 1. Do I understand the information in this
and safe electricity. paragraph?
5. He said that he didn’t have an opinion about 2. Do I understand what 44% and 27% refer to?
nuclear power. 3. What information do I remember?

B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.


1. I think that nuclear power is not very
dangerous.

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use.
Building Vocabulary 2. Answers will vary. These are suggested
Pages 123–124 answers.
…you might have to send an email message
A. 1. T in English.
2. T …English is the international language of
3. F (No, in tennis, the word love means zero.) business.
4. T …you might work with people from the U.S.
B. or U.K. who don’t speak your language.
…you might have to read reports or other
Noun Verb Definition # business documents in English.
1. I’d love to see you again X 2 …you might have the opportunity to attend
sometime. an international conference.
2. Come live with me and X 4
be my love.
Reading Skill
Pages 130–132
3. I love you more than I X 1
can say. A. 1. c 4. a
4. I’ve lost my love for car X 1 2. a 5. c
racing. 3. b
5. Blonde is the color of X 4 B. 1. a 4. c
my true love’s hair. 2. b 5. c
6. The score is 30-love X 5 3. b

Building Vocabulary
Language Focus Page 134
Page 124–125
A. 1. a
1. met 4. was driving 2. b
2. were studying 5. called 3. a
3. broke 6. traveled
Language Focus
Page 135

A. 1. It’s so hot that it’s hard to work.


Chapter 13: A Day in the Life of a 2. I drank so much coffee that I can’t sleep.
Freshman 3. I have so much work to do that I can’t take
a vacation.
Understanding the Text 4. He was so tired that he fell asleep in class.
Pages 130–132 5. There was so much traffic that I was late to
A. 1. c 4. b class.
2. a 5. b B. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
3. b 1. I’m so tired that I can’t remember my
B. 1. T 3. T English teacher’s name.
2. F 4. F 2. I ate so much yesterday that I can’t eat
anything today.
C. 1. Answers will vary. These are suggested 3. He has so much money that he retired at age
answers. 35.
I think he is friendly because he spends time 4. It’s so hot today that I can’t play tennis with
with his friends. you.
I think he is disorganized because he is
often late to class.
I think he is cool because he knows how to
play billiards.
I think he is foolish because he skips Chapter 14: Great Places to Visit
classes.
I think he is brave because he goes on group Understanding the Text
blind dates. Pages 142–143

A. 1. b 5. c
2. a 6. a
3. b 7. c
4. a

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use. SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key
B. 1. Answers will vary. These are suggested 2. The National Palace Museum
answers. “When the Chinese Nationalists / lost the
civil war / in the late 1940s, / they went to
Places to Visit What Can You Do Taiwan, / taking the imperial treasures / with
in Taiwan and See There?
them. / These treasures are now housed / at
Shih-lin Night Market You can have a snack or drink. the National Palace Museum / in Taipei. / It’s
The National Palace You can see a lot of people. the best collection / of Chinese artifacts / in
Museum You can buy things. the world. / So if visitors want to know
Lan Yu (Orchid Island) You can hang around with friends. more / about the cultural heritage of China, /
You can see lots of Chinese artifacts. this is the place to go. / However, / it takes a
Taroko Gorge
You can learn about the cultural few days / to see the museum / at a leisurely
heritage of China. pace.
You can see a lot of people.
You can learn about the Chinese Building Vocabulary
Nationalists. Page 146
You can learn about the Yami people.
A. 1. verb 6. noun
You can see Yami women performing 2. verb 7. verb
a traditional dance.
3. verb 8. verb
You can stay with a Yami family.
4. noun 9. verb
You can go scuba diving and see 5. noun 10. noun
beautiful coral reefs.
You can take a bus tour through the B. Answers will vary. This is a suggested answer.
gorge. A: Which of your possessions do you treasure
You can walk through man-made most?
tunnels. B: I treasure my guitar most because my
You can enjoy scenic views. grandfather gave it to me before he died.
You can learn about the Atayal people.
Language Focus
Page 147
2. Answers will vary. These are suggested answers.
a. Taroko Gorge would be interesting to a A. 3 looking at each other.
young child. Taroko Gorge is a beautiful 5 taking her daughter with her.
place with wonderful views. You can be 1 killing the pilot and flight engineer.
young or old to appreciate natural 6 yelling “Charge!”
beauty. 4 wearing his best suit.
b. The Shih-lin Night Market would help 2 leaking radiation into the atmosphere.
foreigners understand life in Taiwan B. 1. We stood inside the room we built, feeling a
today. At the market, foreigners can see sense of fulfillment.
people talking to friends, buying things, 2. He stayed up all night watching TV.
and eating delicious foods. 3. She answered her mobile phone, holding her
c. Answers will vary. hand over her mouth.
Reading Skill
Pages 144–145

A. 1. b
2. a
3. a
B. 1. Shih-lin Night Market
“This market is / the center of Taiwanese
nightlife / on the north side of Taipei. / It’s
very different / from the morning markets /
where people shop / for food to cook at
home. / At the Shih-lin Night Market, /
people show up / to have a snack or drink, /
buy a few things, / and just hang around. /
Life really begins / around six p.m. / and can
go on / until three in the morning. / On
weekends / the market is open / even later.”

Copyright © 2002 Oxford University Press


SELECT READINGS–PRE-Intermediate • STUDENT BOOK Answer Key Permission granted to photocopy for classroom use.