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As we all know that water gives life to us and other living things on the earth.

It is
very essential for the survival of human race and other species on earth. Without
water, we cannot imagine the existence of life on any planet. Earth is the only
known planet till date which has water and life, hence it becomes essential for us to
conserve this resource which is the base of life.

The earth is covered with around 71% of water however only 1% is fit for
drinking. The normal cycle of water balance runs naturally like evaporation and
rain. However, the problem is with the availability of safe drinking water on the
earth which is available in a very less amount and here is what the conservation of
water comes in the picture.

Why we should Save Water

In order to know the answer of why we should save water, first we should know
the importance of water and how water is valuable to us in our lives. Life is not
possible without air, water and food. But most importantly, after air, water is the
second most precious in all the three necessities for survival of life.

Now the question is how much pure water we have on earth. According to the
statistics, it has been estimated that less than 1% of water on earth is suitable for
drinking. If we estimate the ratio of drinking water and total population of the
world, it would be, more than a billion of people all across the world are surviving
on 1 gallon of water per day. It has also been estimated that more than 3 billion
people would suffer water shortages by the year 2025.

Though people have started understanding the value of clean water, but they have
still not started to save water. Saving water is a good habit and every one of us
should try their best to save water for the continuation of life on this planet. Few
years back no one imagined that water would be sold on shops but today it has
become a common scenario. We can clearly imagine that, in the near future there
would be shortage of clean water all over the world so water conservation is the
only solution if we want to avoid this situation.

Some Facts about the Importance of Clean Water

Below are some facts which will help you to know how valuable the clean water is:

 Around 3.4 million people in the world die every year due to water related
 Developing countries are more prone to water borne diseases.
 Printing of newspaper for a single day consumes around 300 litres of water.
 Every 15 seconds a child dies due to water born disease in the world.
 The packaged drinking water business is expected to reach $216 billion by 2025
 People in the rural villages of India, Africa and Asia have to go long distances in
order to get drinking water.
 People in India highly suffer from various water born diseases which costs the
economy to a great extent.

Ways to Save Water

There are few easy ways which helps to save water without changing your
lifestyle. Single person in a home consumes around 60-100 litres of water per day
in the household activities. Only 2.5% of the total water consumption is used for
drinking and cooking on daily basis and rest of the water is used in other activities
like watering plants, toilet use, bathing, laundry, showering etc and if we slightly
reduce our consumption in these activities then we can definitely save a good
amount of water.

Some of the water saving tips are as follows:

 Everyone should understand their individual responsibility and try to save water
as much as they can in their daily activities.
 Rainwater Harvesting is one of the best way by which we can use rain water in
various purposes and also help to replenish ground water.
 Always use washing machines and dishwashers with full capacity as this cuts
unnecessary washes in between.
 Use bucket instead of shower to take bath, it saves around 100-150 liters of
water every day.
 Water the plants in the evening so that it doesn’t get evaporated and is used by
the plant.
 Turn off taps tightly wherever you see it running and immediately report water
leakage to the concerned department.
 Celebrate ‘Dry Holi’ with ‘gulals’ by avoiding water colors and save a huge
amount of water.
 Spread the ‘Save Water’ initiative in your neighborhood, localities and schools.
 We should encourage our family members, children, friends, neighbors and co-
workers to do the same from their end to get the positive result.

These tips will definitely help to save water but the most important thing is that it
has to be followed strictly. Apart from these things we should also educate people
and make them aware about the importance of water. We should also make them
realize that water is scarce in nature and it has to be conserved and not wasted for a
better tomorrow.

After air, water is the most vital resource which our Mother Nature has given to us.
It is not only important to us but it is also essential for all the living species, plants
and trees. It is also important for the sustenance of biodiversity of our planet and
for food chain. The quantity of clean water is very limited and it is majorly
available in lakes, rivers and ground water. Hence it becomes important for us that
we conserve it so that it remains available in the future also.

The contamination and pollution of water is a common scenario nowadays which

reduces the quality of water and makes it unfit for drinking. It is our prime
responsibility that we should stop this and also spread the word of ‘SAVE
WATER’ so that we can conserve one of the most valuable and vital resources not
only for today but also for our future generations.