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> cu = Neutral axis depth at ultimate strength of section L = Distance from the critical section of the
> db = Diameter of the longitudinal reinforcement, plastic hinge to the point of contraflexure
prestressing strand or dowel, as appropriate (Section 3107F.2.5.3), or effective length
(Section 3107F.3.3.2)
dc = Depth from edge of concrete to center of main
reinforcement Lp = Plastic hinge length
> dst = Diameter of the prestressing strand (in) ldc = Minimum development length
D = Pile diameter or least cross-sectional dimension ld = Actual development length
> Dp = Pile diameter or gross depth (in case of a ldv = Vertical development length
rectangular pile with spiral confinement) M = Maximum allowable moment
e = Eccentricity of axial load Mc = Moment capacity of the connection
εa = Allowable strain limit Mc,r = Moment capacity at maximum plastic rotation
εc = Concrete compressive strain Mn = Moment at secant stiffness
εcm = Maximum extreme fiber compression strain Mp = Overstrength moment demand of the plastic hinge
(Section 3107F.2.7), or idealized plastic moment
εcu = Ultimate concrete compressive strain
> εp = Prestressing steel tension strain
capacity (Section 3107F.
My = Moment at first yield
εs = Reinforcing steel tension strain
N = Pile axial compressive force
εsm = Strain at peak stress of confining reinforcement
Nu = External axial compression on pile including
εu = Ultimate steel strain seismic load
E = Modulus of elasticity ρs = Effective volume ratio of confining steel
Ec = Modulus of elasticity for concrete pt = Nominal principal tension
Es = Modulus of elasticity for steel r = Radius of circular pile
f′c = Concrete compression strength s = Spacing of hoops or spiral along the pile axis
f′cc = Confined strength of concrete t = Steel pile wall thickness
Fp = Prestress compression force in pile Δ = Displacement capacity >
fp = Yield strength of prestressing strand θ
= Angle of critical crack to the pile axis
fpye = Design yield strength of prestressing strand (ksi) θp = Plastic rotation
fy = Yield strength of steel α = Angle between line joining centers of flexural
fye = Design yield strength of longitudinal reinforcement, compression in the deck/pile and in-ground
prestressing strand or dowel, as appropriate (ksi) hinges, and the pile axis
fyh = Yield stress of confining steel φa = Allowable curvature
fyh = Yield strength of transverse or hoop reinforcement φm = Maximum curvature
fy,pile = Yield strength of steel pile φp, φp,m = Plastic curvature
fye,r = Reduced dowel yield strength φu = Ultimate curvature
g = Gap distance from bottom of the deck to edge of φ’u = Adjusted ultimate curvature
pipe pile or external confinement (in.) φy = Yield curvature
h = Width of pile in considered direction φ’y = Adjusted yield curvature
hd = Deck depth τcapacity = Maximum allowable shear stress
> I = Moment of inertia τdesign = Design shear strength
Ic = Moment of inertia of uncracked section τmax = Maximum shear stress
Ie = Effective moment of inertia Vc = Concrete shear strength
Ig = Gross moment of inertia vj = Nominal joint shear stress
Is = Moment of inertia for steel section Vdesign= Design shear strength
> k = Factor dependent on the curvature ductility μφ = Vmax = Maximum shear demand
φ/φy, within the plastic hinge region
Vn = Nominal shear strength
k = Knowledge factor
Vp = Contribution to shear strength from axial loads


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