Sie sind auf Seite 1von 9

c

 

  



c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
¬ ¬¬ ¬   ¬ 

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
INSTRUCTED BY:c cc c

NAME cccccc c
ccc
INDEX NOc c
ccc
GROUP c
ccc
DATE OF SUBMISSION
c   c
c
c

CALCULATIONS:
c
Potential Distribution over a String of suspension Insulators:
c

(a)c String with identical insulator units:


c
c c

c
c |c c | c
|c |c

|c c
c
c  c
c c c c

|c c
c  c
c
c c c
c
c  c
c c

c
c c cccccccc c cccc cc
c cccccc !c ccccccc ccccc"c
c
cccccccccccccccccccccccc #c$c%c&c'c('c)cc'!* c
cccccccccccccccccccccccc c|cccc cc c
c c c cc|cc|c
c cccccc cccccccccc ccccccc|c c
c cc ccc|c cc
c |
c |
c ccccc |
c
c
c cc cc |cc |c c )c+c'c,-.*c
c c c
c cccc|c |cc|
c cc
c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccc

c cc cc c |c


c

c cccc ||
cc|c
c c

c c%'c$ c%.c$"c!cc
c ccc|c |cc|
c ccc|c
c c
c ccc|c |cc
c cc|
c
|c
c
c
c c.c$/cc%c0!c1c
c c cc|c |cc
cc
cc|
 c
c
c cc|c |cc|
c cccccccccccccccccccccccc c cc|c |cc|
ccccccccccccccccccccc ccc||c| c
c cc|c |cc
c cc|
 ccccccccccc cc|c |cc
ccc|
cc ccc|c| c
c cc|c |cc
cc
 c|
 cc cc|c |cc
cc
cc|
|cc|c| c
c
c c|ccccccc
c |cc|cc||c|cc|c|c|c| c
c |c| c
c |c||cc
c ccc
c c|cc
c ccccc

£ c 
c  
c

| c ||c |c
 c c c
 c |c c
 c c c
c
c a&c'c2,,.cc c | c
c c
c cc c c c cc
c cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc cc
c cc c c
c 3c'c2,,.cc c | c
 c
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c c|c
c ccc
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c cc
>c À.c'c&c(c,c&c%(c'&c4ccc&cc(cc(.c&c
c)c&c*cc&c&c(c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
(b) String with Graded Units:
c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc
c c |c
c |c c
c |c |c
c
c c
|c c
c c |c
c c c
c
c
c |c c c
c
c c c c
c
c c c
c c c
c
c
c
c
c cc|cc|c
c c c |cc cc  c
c cc |cc c
c
c |cccccc cc|cc
c c cc |cc cccc|c
c c cccc
.1c
c
c |cc |c cccc c|c cc
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c ccc
c
cc |c |c cc c|cc
c ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c c|cc
c
£ c 
c  
c
| c c c
 c c |c
 c c c
 c c c
c
c a&c'c2,,.cc c | c
c c
c cc c c c c|c
c cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c|c
c
c
c
c cc c c
c 3c'c2,,.cc c | c
 c
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c cc
c ccc
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c cc
>c À.c'c&c(cc&c%(c%c4ccc&cc(c&(c!( !c
'.c,c&c&c(c
c
(c) String with identical units and Graded ring:
c
c
|c
c c c
c |c c c
|
c
c ! c !c
c |c c
c c c "|c |c
 c c
c c
#c
c c # c c
|c
c "c
c  c c c
c
c $c
c c % c
c
c c c "c
c
ccccc c cccc cc|cc cccc cc
c
c !cccc c
c "|ccc|
cc
c
c #cc c
c "ccc c!c|c
cc
c|cc
c
c $cc c
c "ccc c!c|cc
c|c
cc cccc c ccc
c
£ c 
c  
c
| c c c
 c c c
 c c c
 c c c
c
c
c a&c'c2,,.cc c | c
c c
c cc c c c c|c
c cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c
cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c|c
c cc c c
c
c
c
c
c 3c'c2,,.cc c | c
 c
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c c|c
c ccc
ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc c cc
c
c
>c Ècc%(cc!(c,c&c(1c%c5cc&c&c!(!cc
&c c (c c c )%*c a&c !(c c .c !c c .'c ,c c c ,c
67c!c,cc"67c%c,c&c(%.c,c0c c,c"87c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

c
c
c
DISCUSSION:

a)c Insulator types and insulating materials:


c
'cc
c c c c c &c (c &c ,4c ,c c c c !c c %c !c c
c c !c a&c ,c ,c c c c c c &c c !c
,c&c c cc cc ,%!c c,c c1c c'1c c!c c,%c c'1cc!c 4&c
c0.c cc c!c c%%9c c!c cc !'c &c :c !c .c !!1c &c
!'!c ('c ,c &c 1c !c :1c '&c ,c &c ;c 1c !c c ,c &c
(cc&!c%c!!cc

a&c c !c c c 4&c (&!c .c .'c %c !c c
!cc(%.c,c':!c1c&'&cc!!ccc!c,c4c
('1c!c'c&c%c!c,c!c('cc

c'c.c
a&cc/c.c,cc!cccc a&.c1c
6c 3c.c
6c c'c
6c c.c
6c &9c.c
c
>cPin insulator
a&c c c 'c c c ,c &c ,c &c c c !c c c c a&c c &!c &c
1c!c&cc&c&c!c!cc c3ccc!c,c&c'cc
ca&c'ccc4.cc!cca&cccccc;c
c 4&c !c 4&c 4;('c c %c 4c c ,c 4c a&c c ,c .c c
!c'&cc,cc'!cc4&c! cc&'&c('c

M  

  
M   

  
c

c
c
>cSuspension insulators
a&ccc c1c cc cc ccc1c c c!!c c,cc&c ;
c c!c c&c c&c cc !c ,!c c &c 4c !c c c !'!c ,c
c,c9'c c '&c#9'c,c &cc'(c.c&c(.c
,c !'c c c c %c !c 4&c (.'c (' <!c ,c (.c &'&c
('c.c4&cccccc,ccc&c.c,cc
(c c !('c c &c c c c ,c &c c c c 'c c %c
&'!cc4&c'c&cc' c
c
>cStrain insulators
a&cccc!'!cc&!c&c &(c&.c!c&c&ccc
&'&cc9c0.cccc c!c4&c ccc%c !c c 4cc
c(!!c &ccc4&(cccc!!;!!1cc1cc&c(1c
c0c'c1cc(c'ccccccc&cc&ccc
c .c %c c '!c c .c %c c c c &(c ,,c &c '&c c
%c&c,c!ccc,c&cc!c

>cShackle type
c&9ccccc,c'.c.!c,cc&c 4cc c&!c !c c
0c'c&ca&'&c&c&!c1ccc%c,0!c,. a&ccc.c
,!c c 4c c &c c c '&'c !c c &c %4c (c a&.c c
0.c'cc c!c c &c c !c%c,0'1c&4(c &c (.c,0'c !c
&cccc4c4&

Comparison of suspension insulator string with other insulators:

!('c,cc.cc c

c #c 0(c &c ;.c c ;c 7c &'&c ('c ;.c c c
cc&ccc(.c!.cc&c49'c('cc!ccc
c cccc.1c&ccc!'!c,cc(.c4c
49'c ('1c .c %c ""1 c (1c !c &c c ,c .c -!c c
('cc%c%!c%.c'cc='=c,cc%c%c,c&cc c

c
c
c

c c&c(c,cc,c,cc1ccc ;c!c,c&c4&c'c;c&cc
%c!cc
c a&c &c c c !!1c c &c c c !!c ,0%.>c 4&c ;
.c 1c &c '!c c ,c &c &c c c ,'c !c c
%c,c&c41c!cc&c'cc,c&cc1cc&c'cc
,c c 4'1c &c c c -:c ,c &c c c &c !c ,c (c
cc
c c &c (c ,c c c c &c 'c ('c ,c &c 1c &c c %c c %.c
!!'c&c-c%c,cc c&c'1c!c,c'c c1cc
4!c%c.c4&c;.cc

?!('c,cc.cc

c @4'c c &c ,c 1c &c !c ,c 4'c ,c &c !c .c %c
'c!c4&c&ccc;.c!cc!c&c'c&!c&,c%c
!c
c c,cc.c1c,c.1c!c4&c&'&c c
cc&cc!.c%4c&c91cc&c&c%.cccc
'c&c4&c&c. c
c
Advantages of the insulator grading method:c
!c c c %c %!c %.c 'c !!c c ,c &c c ,c &c 'c !c 'c
c,c&ccc&cc!ca&c45c%c.c'&'c&c9cc'!!c'c
&!c

Theoretical and practical results of the experiment:


Èc&(c'c&cc(c4&&cc0.c-cc&c(cc&


 0cÀc&ccccc
  
  0c
c cc!cc9'c!'c c
c cc%9c4c!c,cc1c%1cccc&c c&cc
!c&(c%c(.c&'!c
c 'ccccc!c&.c'&c&(ccc c
c c,c'c4c'&c,cc&cc( c

c
c

Verwandte Interessen