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688 

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INDEX OF PEOPLES

Alamans 40, 41, 61, 62, 244, 260, 441, 444, 605, 608, 610, 612, 614,
275, 294, 305, 307, 309, 310, 311, 619, 622, 623
316, 318, 320, 321, 325, 332, 335, Byzantines: see Romans/East Romans
336, 337, 571, 590, 600, 601, 605,
607, 615, 618 Celts 11, 322, 339, 370, 386, 404,
Alans 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 106, 108, 506, 602
137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 146, 147, Chamavi 276, 309
148, 149, 151, 155, 156, 252, 608, Chasuarii 309
610, 624 Chatti 309
Ampsivarii 276, 309 Chattuarii 276, 309
Angles 361, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, Chauci 309
392, 395, 396, 400, 401, 404, 605, Chazars 483
611, 628 Cutrigurs 579, 580
Anglo-Saxons 2, 11, 98, 249, 352,
376, 381–407, 506, 610, 611, 612, Danes 387, 402
621, 628. See also Angles, Saxons,
Jutes Egyptians 244
Anglo-Saxons/Angles 385, 387, 388,
392 Falchovarii 276
Anglo-Saxons/Jutes 385, 387, 388, Franks 2, 7, 11, 18, 28, 30, 32–4, 36,
391, 394 40, 41, 61, 62, 64, 66, 83, 90, 98,
Angrivarii 276 100, 111, 117, 119, 174, 178, 186,
Antae 579 205, 213, 229, 233, 243, 244, 247,
Arabs 56, 219–20, 222–4, 226–7, 256, 258, 260–2, 265, 266, 269,
230, 232–4, 237–40, 517, 606, 620. 271–344, 352, 380, 387, 388, 394,
See also Berbers, Moors, Saracens 401, 403, 406, 415, 416, 438–41,
Armoricans 347 444, 457, 461, 518, 522, 574, 586,
Arverni 345 588, 590, 592, 593, 594, 595, 596,
Avars 11, 21, 442, 457, 463–595, 599–601, 603–9, 611, 612, 614–7,
601, 602, 604, 607, 609, 613, 618, 619, 620, 622–5
620, 624, 626, 629 Franks/Ripuarians 40–1, 313–4
Franks/Salians 276, 310, 313
Bavarians 11, 40, 41, 325, 429–61, Frisians 44, 387, 404
574, 580, 605, 611, 615, 618, 622,
623 Gauls 59, 60, 61, 136, 311, 606
Berbers 56, 219, 220, 224, 226, 233, Gepids 103, 118, 250, 415, 416,
234, 237, 238, 239, 615 422, 473, 580, 581, 582, 588, 593, 615
Boii 60, 430 Germans 2, 5, 7, 59, 60, 61, 96, 278,
Britons 60, 345, 347, 351, 353, 354, 279, 281–4, 303, 316, 578, 584, 606
357, 360, 361, 369, 376, 379, 380, Getae 585
388, 392, 398, 602, 610, 615 Goths 1, 24, 26–8, 85–132, 141, 144,
Bructeri 276, 309, 387 146, 154–5, 161–217, 222–3, 232–4,
Bulgars 21, 422, 522, 579, 580, 582, 240, 248, 249, 251, 261–2, 265,
583, 584, 588, 596, 615 267, 335–6, 345, 352, 380, 416,
Burgundians 11, 27, 59, 113, 243–69, 436, 580–1, 600, 604, 607, 617,
320, 321, 325, 335, 336, 366, 392, 623, 626
692   

Goths/Ostrogoths 1, 11, 58, 68, 77, Ogurs 576, 577, 578, 579
78, 85–132, 243, 248, 260, 265, Onogurs 576, 579
267, 269, 303, 319, 320, 338, 425, Ostrogoths: see Goths/Ostrogoths
438, 588, 604, 605, 608, 610, 612,
614, 615, 619, 620, 622 Pannonians 63, 64, 87, 91, 101, 104,
Goths/Visigoths 2, 11, 15, 58, 61, 65, 105, 106, 422
66, 70, 74, 77, 78, 92, 96, 107, 108, Pechenegs 578
119, 120, 148, 155, 161–217, 219, Persians 224, 425, 588
233, 234, 250, 252, 253, 265, 269,
303, 320, 321, 325, 441, 604, 607, Romans 1, 7, 14, 15, 16, 18, 22,
608, 610, 612, 614, 619, 620, 625 24–7, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38,
Greeks: see Romans/East Romans 55, 57, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66,
Greuthungs 61, 88, 100, 108. See also 68, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 78, 81, 83,
Goths/Ostrogoths 86–9, 91, 94, 100, 101, 102, 105,
107–10, 117, 118, 120–3, 125, 126,
Hastings: see Vandals/Hastings 129, 130, 135, 140, 141, 144, 145,
Hephtalites 576 148, 150, 152, 157, 161, 173,
Heruls 153, 414, 416, 422 178–80, 182, 186, 191, 192, 201,
Hispani 173–5, 178, 186, 191, 195, 233, 244, 245, 252, 256–60, 262,
198, 201, 205, 213, 617 263, 265, 279, 287, 300, 305, 309,
Hispano-Romans 15, 119, 143, 145, 312, 315, 316, 322, 323, 327, 329,
157, 168, 172, 173, 180, 181, 182, 330–2, 334, 335, 340, 342, 347,
195, 204, 233, 240 350, 426, 427, 470, 506, 582,
Honoriaci 65 606–8, 611, 616, 618, 619, 621,
Hungarians 572, 574, 578 622
Huns 11, 89, 91, 104, 246, 252, 387, Romans/East Romans 18, 19, 62, 75,
414, 469, 474–6, 481, 483, 485, 91, 101, 131, 132, 174, 179, 180,
486, 492, 515, 572, 574–6, 578, 189, 205, 222, 223, 234, 415, 484,
579, 585–8, 596 509, 518, 578, 581, 582, 584, 585,
589
Iceni 396 Rugians 86, 96, 103, 123, 124, 387

Jews 37, 38, 185, 190, 210, 216 Sabirs 579


Juan-Juan 576 Saracens 224, 226–8, 232, 233,
Jutes 385, 387–91, 393, 394, 401, 606
605, 611 Sarmatians 103, 422
Saxons 41, 44, 62, 243, 277–8,
Lombards 2, 11, 22, 34, 35, 38, 58, 309–11, 318, 335–6, 349–54, 361,
178, 243, 249, 267, 303, 380, 381, 385, 387–9, 391, 392, 393,
409–27, 454, 457, 460, 471, 474, 395, 396, 399–401, 404, 406, 422,
519, 573, 574, 580, 581, 593, 595, 571, 600, 605, 622
603, 604, 606, 607, 610, 612, 619, Sciri 89, 435, 437, 581
620, 623–7 Scythians 572, 575, 588
Silings: see Vandals/Silings
Magyars 572, 596 Slavs 442, 443, 571, 573, 580, 582,
Marcomanni 108, 431, 432, 434 583, 584, 585, 593, 594, 596, 615,
Mongols 572 622
Moors 68, 81, 83, 223, 224, 226–8, Sogdians 575
233, 234, 606 Sporoi 585
Sueves 59, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 89,
Naristi: see Warasks 108, 137–42, 146, 147, 148, 149,
Nervii 60 151–6, 169, 172, 173, 176, 178,
Noricans 422 179, 222, 223, 250, 349, 352, 422,
Norwegians 387 435, 441, 442, 608, 627
   693

Tencteri 309 Vandals/Hastings 61–6, 72, 140, 141,


Tervings 61, 88, 100, 108, 571. 146, 148, 149, 151
See also Goths/Visigoths Vandals/Silings 61–3, 65, 66, 107,
Thuringians 44, 325, 335, 336, 615 140, 141, 146–9, 609
Treveri 60 Varchonitae 586. See also Avars
Trinovantes 396 Varisti: see Warasks
Tubantes 276, 309 Vascones 213
Tungri 59 Venethi 583, 585
Turks 575, 576, 578, 588 Visigoths: see Goths/Visigoths
Volcae 583
Usipites 309
Utigurs 579, 580 Wallones 583
Warasks 434, 449, 450
Vandals 11, 16, 55–83, 97, 106–8, 131, Wenden 583
137–41, 146–53, 155, 156, 222, 223,
243, 265, 267, 269, 600, 604, 607–10, Zaloi 579
612–6, 620, 622–4, 627
INDEX OF PERSONS

Adaloald (son of Agilulf ) 420 Anagastes (Gothic count) 87


Adax (Alanic king) 66 Anastasius (Roman emperor) 16, 117,
Aegidius (king of Soissons) 253, 266, 255, 257
269, 312, 319, 320, 321, 338, 366, Aneirin (poet) 369, 373, 374, 375,
399, 611, 612 376
Ælfwold (Northumbrian king) 45 Ansoald (notary) 35
Ælle (Anglo-Saxon ruler) 404 Anthemius (Roman emperor) 252
Æthelbald (Mercian king) 391 Antonius (bishop) 71
Æthelberht (Kentish king) 31, 32, 33, Apsich (Avar commander) 586–7
34, 40, 41, 394, 404 Apsich (Byzantine officer) 586–7
Aëtius (magister militum) 119, 246, Arbogast (magister militum) 311
250, 252, 269, 283, 352, 353, 354, Aripert I (Lombard king) 420
372, 613 Arogast (Frankish judge) 28
Agilmund (Burgundian king) 410, Aspar (Byzantine politician) 86, 87,
411, 412, 413, 414, 417 88, 102, 103
Agilolfings (Alamannic-Bavarian Asparuch (Bulgar khan) 484, 579
dynasty) 429, 439–42, 444–6, Athalaric (Ostrogothic king) 24, 27,
452–8, 460 94, 116, 124
Agilulf (Lombard king) 418, 420, Athanagild (Visigothic king) 176–7
423, 439 Athanaric (Visigothic leader) 190–1,
Agilus (abbot) 449 268
Agio (Burgundian king) 411, 412, Athaulf (Visigothic king) 6, 17, 162
413, 414 Attila (Hunnic king) 8, 40, 91, 100,
Agrestius (missionary) 450 124, 252, 283, 473, 474, 485, 486,
A˙mad al-Ràzì (historian) 236–7 573, 580
Aistulf (Lombard king) 419, 421 Audoin (Lombard king) 412, 420
Alaric I (Visigothic king) 63, 72, 77, Augustine (Saint) 138, 144, 164, 183,
88, 346, 347 189, 390, 394
Alaric II (Visigothic king) 27, 28, 46, Aurelius Caninus (British king) 357
107, 155 Ausonius (poet) 23, 144, 276
Alboin (Lombard king) 412, 414, Authari (Lombard king) 415, 420,
422, 609, 611, 612 426, 427
Alciocus (Bulgar duke) 579, 587 Avitus of Vienne (bishop) 26, 247,
Alcuin (scholar) 45 254, 255, 256, 257, 261, 262, 264,
Alfred (king of Wessex) 21, 42, 89, 265, 266, 268, 269, 329, 331
272, 621
al-Óakam II (Moorish leader) 236 Baian (Avar khagan) 573, 586, 592
al-Sam˙ (Moorish leader) 226, 229, 230 Balamber (Hunnic king) 89, 90, 92
al-Walìd (Moorish leader) 226, 228 Balths (Visigothic dynasty) 92, 606
Amalasuintha (Ostrogothic queen) 16, Barbas (bishop) 71
93, 94 Basiliscus (brother of emperor Leo)
Amals (Ostrogothic dynasty) 90, 92, 72
93, 606, 625 Bauto (magister militum) 311
Ambrosius Aurelianus (British leader) Bede the Venerable (scholar) 5, 33,
345, 354 34, 336, 348, 350, 352, 353, 354,
Ammianus Marcellinus (historian) 25, 381, 382, 385, 386, 387, 389, 390,
90, 92, 96, 106, 136, 243–4, 264, 391, 392, 393, 394, 397, 400, 403,
280, 310, 319, 339 404, 405, 610, 627
   695

Belisarius (Roman general) 16, 58, Chintila (Visigothic king) 205, 206,
67, 69, 76, 81, 82, 83, 111, 112, 210
129, 130, 131, 619 Chlodomer (Frankish king) 262, 268
Beremund (grandson of Hunimund) 90 Chlothar I (Frankish king) 32, 39, 40,
Bluchbard (poet) 373–4 268, 323, 324, 326, 329, 332, 336,
Boethius (Roman senator) 24, 116, 440
118, 130 Chlothar II (Frankish king) 32, 39,
Boniface (Saint) 127, 452 40, 323, 324, 329, 332
Boruth (Carinthian leader) 443 Chrotechildis (wife of Clovis) 268, 269
Braulius of Saragossa (bishop) 38, Cian (poet) 373, 374
165, 166, 189, 208, 209 Clef (Lombard king) 415, 426
Burgundofarones (Franco-Burgundian Clovis (Frankish king) 7, 16, 28–9,
family) 247 33, 39, 45, 72, 90, 100, 253, 255,
258, 262, 268–9, 282, 285–6, 307–9,
'Abd al-Malik (Moorish leader) 230, 311, 313, 316–7, 319–33, 335, 338,
234, 236 341–3, 352, 436, 598, 606, 611–2,
'Abd al-Ra˙màn I (Moorish leader) 618–9
221, 230, 238 Consentius (monk) 138, 142–5
'Abd al-Ra˙màn III (Moorish leader) Constans II (Roman emperor) 493,
236 594
'Abd al-Ra˙màn al-Ghafiqì (Moorish Constantine (usurper) 137, 156, 346,
leader) 234 349
Carloman (Frankish maiordomus) 453 Constantine III (Roman emperor) 64,
Carolingians (Frankish dynasty) 38, 65, 136, 137, 141, 347, 354, 367
44, 46, 324, 340, 343, 443, 453, Constantine the Great (Roman
587, 589 emperor) 23, 62, 312, 354
Cassiodorus (Roman senator) 16, Constantinus (British king) 357, 369
24–7, 61, 90, 92, 93, 94, 110, Constantius (Roman emperor) 24, 64,
112–4, 116–8, 120–2, 124, 125, 139, 141, 308, 312, 348, 399
128, 165, 248, 254, 263, 265, 266, Cuneglasus (British king) 357, 359
294, 435, 436 Cunigast 24
Ceawlin (Anglo-Saxon ruler) 369, Cunincpert (Lombard king) 420
399, 404 Cynric 369, 391
Cerdic 369, 391, 399 Cyprianus (Roman politician) 118,
Charibert (Frankish king) 394 127, 130
Charlemagne (Frankish king and Cyrila (bishop) 71, 78
emperor) 19, 44, 45, 455, 460,
463, 516, 518, 522, 574, 593, 595, Dagobert I (Frankish king) 32, 40,
619, 623 186, 324, 336, 445, 579
Charles Martel (Frankish maiordomus) Darwin 55
220, 452, 453, 454 Desiderius (Lombard king) 421, 447,
Childebert I (Frankish king) 39, 268, 455, 460
336 Desiderius of Cahors (bishop) 32
Childebert II (Frankish king) 39, 445 Didymus 137, 345
Childeric I (Frankish king) 285, 313, Drusus (Roman general) 245
316, 319, 400, 612
Childeric II (Frankish king) 324 Ecdicius 345
Chilperic I (Burgundian king) 248, Egica (Visigothic king) 210, 215, 225
250, 251, 253, 261, 268 Einhard (scholar) 44, 593
Chilperic II (Burgundian king) 251, Eligius of Limoges (Saint) 32
253, 268 Emmeram of Poitiers (Saint) 451
Chindaswinth (Visigothic king) 37, Ennodius of Pavia (bishop) 16, 110,
166, 182, 202, 206, 207, 208, 210, 113, 128, 253, 262, 266, 294
215, 217 Eormenric (Kentish king) 394, 395
696   

Eraric (Ostrogothic king) 94, 123, Gregory of Tours (historian) 26,


587 63–4, 66, 118–9, 128, 165, 186,
Ermenaric (Gothic king) 90, 92, 93 247, 253, 262, 264, 268–9, 311–3,
Erwig (Visigothic king) 37, 38, 197, 319, 322, 324–6, 328–9, 332,
210, 213, 214, 215, 233 335–6, 338, 340–1, 345, 394, 401,
Eugenius I of Toledo (bishop) 166 403–4, 440, 591, 602
Eugenius II of Toledo (bishop) 208 Gregory the Great (pope) 128, 164,
Eulogius (historian) 225 172, 184
Euric (Visigothic king) 17, 21, 26, 27, Grimoald (Bavarian duke) 447
28, 35, 36, 96, 122, 154, 252, 253, Grimoald (Lombard king) 419, 420,
265 422
Eusebius of Caesarea (bishop and Gundemar (Visigothic king) 166
historian) 222, 223, 348 Gunderic (Vandal king) 66–7
Eustasius of Luxeuil (missionary) 449 Gundichar (Burgundian king) 246,
Eutharic (husband of Amalasuintha) 247, 248, 249
16, 93, 94 Gundilas 129–30
Gundioc (Burgundian king) 248, 250,
Florentinus (poet) 74 251, 252, 261
Folchaid (wife of Theodo) 451 Gundobad (Burgundian king) 26, 27,
Fredbal (Vandal king) 141 245, 247, 248, 251–7, 259–69, 335,
Fredegar (historian) 186, 250, 254, 611
259, 309, 323, 329, 335, 336, Gunthamund (Vandal king) 76
338–40, 579, 584, 587 Guteric (Vandal king) 141
Fritgil (Marcomannic queen) 432 Guthlac (Saint) 391–2
Froia (usurper) 209
Hagen, Haganus 248
Gambara (mother of Ibor and Agio) Hengist 382, 392
412–3 Heracleus (Roman emperor) 222,
Garibald I (Bavarian duke) 442, 454 224, 605
Garibald II (Bavarian duke) 442 Hermenegild (Visigothic prince) 166
Geiseric (Vandal king) 63, 67, 68, 72, Hermeric (Suevic king) 66, 142
73, 75, 77, 79, 80, 83, 606, 608, Hilderic (Vandal king) 74, 80
609, 611 Hiltrud (wife of Odilo) 453
Gelimer (Vandalic king) 16, 81, 82 Honorius (Roman emperor) 136–7,
Gensemund (son of Hunimund) 90, 139–41, 152, 156, 346, 347, 349
125 Horsa 382, 392
George of Ostia (bishop) 45 Huneric (Vandal king) 75, 78, 80,
Gerontius (usurper) 65, 137, 139, 81, 618
141, 156 Hunimund (Gothic leader) 90, 433
Gibich (Burgundian king) 248 Hydatius (historian) 64–6, 79, 108,
Gibichungs (Burgundian dynasty) 247, 138–41, 144, 146–9, 151–4, 156–7,
249, 258–63, 266, 267, 269, 606, 246, 348
625
Gildas (historian) 225, 345, 347–8, ibn al-Qù†ìya (historian) 227, 229
350–60, 366–7, 372, 375–6, 381–2, ibn Óabìb (historian) 220, 221, 227,
385, 392, 395–9, 609 230, 235–9
Gislahar (Burgundian king) 248 ibn Óazm (historian) 238
Glycerius (Roman emperor) 252 ibn Khaldûn (historian) 56
Godegisel (Burgundian king) 64, 253, Ibor (Burgundian king) 412, 413
254, 268 Ida (Bernician king) 373, 374
Godeoc (Lombard king) 414 Ildebad (Gothic leader) 94, 123
Godomar (Burgundian king) 248, Illus (Roman general) 102
253, 256, 266 Ine (king of Wessex) 32, 33, 41, 42,
Gratianus (usurper) 354 376, 620
   697

Innocent III (pope) 18 Magnentius (Roman emperor) 311


Isidore of Seville (historian) 17, 26–7, Magnus Maximus (usurper) 64, 65,
35, 63, 155, 165–7, 169–70, 174, 137, 139, 140, 141, 156, 193, 223,
182–3, 188–9, 196, 198–9, 201, 351, 354
204, 232–3, 265, 345, 391, 616 Majorian (Roman emperor) 72, 152,
Iucundus (bishop) 71 250, 251, 253
Iudila (Visigothic king) 200–1 Malalas (historian) 86, 104
Malchus of Philadelphia (historian)
Jerome (Saint) 63, 64, 164, 166, 246, 87–9, 96
348 Marbod (Marcomannic king) 8
John of Antioch (historian) 86, 87, Marcianus (Roman emperor) 177
94, 104, 252 Marculf (monk) 43, 44
John of Biclar (historian) 165, 167, Marcus Aurelius (Roman emperor) 61
169, 173–8, 180–2, 186, 188, Marius of Avenches (bishop) 250, 251,
191–2, 222–3, 233–4, 616 253, 255, 262
Jonas of Bobbio (monk) 247, 430, Martin of Braga (bishop) 169, 188
449, 450 Masona (bishop) 172, 176, 182, 186
Jordanes (historian) 25–6, 61–2, 64, 72, Matasuentha (wife of Witigis) 94, 127
88–92, 99, 104–5, 125, 165, 169, 173, Maurikios (Roman emperor) 466, 518,
246, 250, 262, 312, 436, 584 583
Jovian (Roman emperor) 246 Menander (historian) 304, 573, 575,
Julian (Roman emperor) 152, 280, 312 577, 590
Julian of Toledo (bishop) 165, 166, Mendel 55
198, 205, 212, 215 Merovingians (Frankish dynasty) 305,
Julius Nepos (Roman emperor) 252 319, 323–6, 336–7, 341, 343, 403,
Justinian (Roman emperor) 1, 13, 16, 440, 442, 454, 606, 625
18, 23, 37, 78, 94, 109, 209, 417, Mùsà ibn Nusayr (Moorish leader)
420, 440, 457, 518, 573, 576 220–1, 225–6, 228–9, 235–6, 238,
240
Kuver (Bulgar leader) 497, 581, 587 Mu˙ammad (prophet) 224–5, 238
Kuvrat (Bulgar khan) 521, 579
Narses (Roman general) 619
Laiamicho (Lombard king) 414
Lantfrid (Alamannic duke) 40 Odilo (Bavarian duke) 40, 446–8,
Leander of Seville (bishop) 166, 169, 452–5, 458, 618
170, 188, 216 Odoacer (Germanic leader) 85–6, 99,
Leo (Roman emperor) 4, 26, 72, 86, 102–3, 108–9, 114, 117, 119, 255,
276, 277, 334, 400, 449, 524, 585 269, 437, 457, 573, 613, 619
Leth (Lombard king) 414 Offa (Mercian king) 45
Leudastus (Frankish count) 324 Olympiodorus of Thebes (historian)
Libius Severus (Roman emperor) 253 107, 137, 346
Liudolfings (Bavarian dynasty) 456 Opilio (Roman politician) 118
Liutpirc (wife of Tassilo III) 455 Ostrys (Gothic commander) 88
Liutpoldings (Bavarian dynasty) 456 Otfrid of Weißenburg (poet) 314
Liutprand (Lombard king) 38, 39,
418, 419, 421, 423 Paul the Deacon (historian) 17–8,
Liuva I (Visigothic king) 174, 176 131, 165, 184, 409–11, 413–5, 417,
Liuva II (Visigothic king) 186, 193 419, 420, 422, 426, 440–1, 447,
Liuvigild (Visigothic king) 27, 35, 36, 579, 602
162, 166, 169, 174–9, 192, 203, 264 Pinta (bishop) 71
Pippin II (Frankish maiordomus) 451,
Macrianus (Alamannic king) 244, 248 453, 455
Maglocunus (British king) 357, 359, Pippin III (Frankish king) 29, 453,
375, 376 455, 625