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UJIAN TENGAH SEMESTER TERMODINAMIKA TEKNIK KIMIA

Senin, 25 Maret 2018


1,5 JAM, OPEN SHEET 2 PCS + CONVERSION TABLE + STEAM TABLE

1) The Below figures shows a steam jet refrigeration system that produces chilled water in a flash
chamber. The chamber is maintained at a vacuum pressure by the steam ejector, which removes
the vapor generated by entraining it in the low pressure jet and discharging into the condenser.
The vacuum pump removes air and other noncondensable gases from the condenser shell. For
the conditions shown on the figure, Describe procedures including empirical equations involved
to explain the make-up water and cooling water flow rates, each in kg/h

2) A medical ampule containing dextrose (liquid water) at 1000 psia, 100 oF and having volume of
0.3 in3 is placed in a cylinder having a volume of 1 ft3. A vacuum is created in the cylinder and
the capsule is broken. Dextrose now evaporates and fills the cylinder
a. Determine the final quality of the water vapor mixture in the cylinder if it reaches a final
equilibrium temperature of 100 oF
b. Determine the heat transfer with the surroundings

3) A steam power plant operates on the ideal Rankine Cycle. If the isentropic efficiency of the
turbine is 87 percent and the isentropic efficiency of the pump is 85 percent, determine (a) the
thermal efficiency of the cycle and (b) the net power output of the plant for a mass flow rate of 15
kg/s.

4) A 0.016773-m3 tank contains 1 kg of refrigerant-134a at 110°C. Using the generalized


compressibility chart to determine the pressure of the refrigerant,