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SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL


Science Subject Area

General Physics 1 Name: _______________________________________


Quiz # 4 (Mock LT) Section/CN: ____________________________________
Newton’s Laws of Motion, Work, Energy Date: September _______, 2018
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS:
1. There will be 5 main problems in this test. Each problem will have a total of 10 points.
2. Each problem will be graded individually. Only the top two problems will be graded.
3. The total HPS of the quiz is 20 points. A bonus point is awarded for each problem marked with a perfect score.
4. Write all final answers on the answer sheet using black or blue ink. You can use your questionnaire for your
scratch work and tentative answers.

A. INCLINE WITH FRICTION (10 points)


A block of mass 𝑚 = 5.00 𝑘𝑔 slides down an incline angled at 𝜃 = 30∘ . The surface between the block and the
incline has a coefficient of kinetic friction, 𝜇𝑘 = 0.322.

1. Identify the forces acting on the object by drawing the free body diagram of these forces. [2]

𝑓𝑠 𝑛

𝑚𝑔𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃
𝑚𝑔𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃

2. Apply Newton’s Law to derive the equation of the total forces for both the parallel and perpendicular direction
relative to the incline. [2]
Σ𝐹⊥ = 𝑛 − 𝑚𝑔𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 = 0
Σ𝐹∥ = 𝑚𝑔𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 − 𝑓𝑠 = 𝑚𝑔𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 − 𝜇𝑘 𝑚𝑔𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 = 𝑚𝑎

3. Determine the acceleration of the system. [3]


𝑚𝑎 = 𝑚𝑔(𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 − 𝜇𝑘 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃)
𝒎𝟐
𝑎 = 𝑔(𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 − 𝜇𝑘 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃) = 9.8[𝑠𝑖𝑛30 − (0.322) cos(30)] = 𝟐. 𝟏𝟕
𝒔

4. What is the coefficient of static friction be if the block were to be initially not moving and will stay at rest? [3]
It won’t move if Σ𝐹∥ = 0.
𝑚𝑔𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 − 𝜇𝑠 𝑚𝑔𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 = 0
𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 = 𝜇𝑠 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃
𝜇𝑠 = 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝜃 = 𝑡𝑎𝑛30 = 𝟎. 𝟓𝟕𝟕

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B. SYSTEM OF BLOCKS (10 points)
5. Draw the free body diagram for both the 100. N and 50.0 N blocks in
figure B. [3]
𝑛
𝑇
𝑓 100 𝑇 50

50 𝑁 Figure B. System of blocks 1.


100 𝑁

6. What is the minimum force of friction required to hold the system in equilibrium. [2]
𝑓 = 𝑇 = 𝟓𝟎 𝑵

7. What coefficient of static friction between the 100. N block and the table is required to hold the system in
equilibrium? [2]
Forces should be balanced for both blocks.
𝑇 = 𝑓 = 𝜇𝑠 𝑛
𝑇
𝜇𝑠 = = 𝟎. 𝟓𝟎𝟎
𝑛
8. If 𝜇𝑘 = 0.250 between the 100. N block and the table, what hanging weight should replace the 50.0 N block to
allow the system to move at constant speed once it starts moving? [3]
Forces should be balanced for both blocks
𝑓 = 𝑇 = 𝑚𝑔
𝜇𝑘 (100)𝑔 = 𝑚𝑔
𝑚 = 0.25(100) = 𝟐𝟓. 𝟎 𝑵
C. ACCELERATION OF CAR (10 points)
A 3.0 kg object hangs at one end of a rope that is attached to a support
on a railroad car. When the car accelerates to the right, the rope makes
an angle 𝜃 = 4.0∘ with the vertical, as shown in Figure C.
9. Draw the free body diagram for the object. [2]

𝑇
𝑇𝑐𝑜𝑠(4)
Figure B. System of blocks 1.

𝑇𝑠𝑖𝑛(4)

𝑚𝑔

10. Determine the acceleration of the car. [4]


Only the x forces do not cancel out.
Σ𝐹𝑥 = 𝑇𝑠𝑖𝑛(4) = 𝑚𝑎
Σ𝐹𝑦 = 𝑇𝑐𝑜𝑠(4) − 𝑚𝑔 = 0
𝑚𝑔
𝑇=
cos(4)
𝑚𝑎 = 𝑚𝑔𝑡𝑎𝑛(4)
𝒎
𝑎 = 𝑔𝑡𝑎𝑛(4) = (9.8) tan(4) = 𝟎. 𝟔𝟖𝟓
𝒔𝟐

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11. If the car starts decelerating, what will happen to the object? [1]
Object will tilt to the other (right) side.
𝑚
12. What should the angle be if the car starts decelerating at a rate of 𝑎 = −5.2 𝑠2 ? Take positive acceleration to be
to the right. [3]
𝑚𝑎 = 𝑚𝑔𝑡𝑎𝑛𝜃
𝑎
𝑡𝑎𝑛𝜃 =
𝑔
5.2
𝜃 = atan (− ) = −𝟐𝟕. 𝟗𝟓∘
9.8

D. HIT THE BRAKES (10 points)


𝑚
A car is initially moving at an initial velocity of 𝑣𝑖 = 25 𝑠 and sees a kitten on the road. The driver immediately hits
the brakes until it skids to a stop. The mass of the car is 235 kg.

13. What force could have done work to make the car stop? [1]
Friction via brakes.
𝑚
14. If the car decelerated at a constant rate of 𝑎 = −6.0 𝑠2 and the kitten was initially 55 m from the car, will the car
run over the kitten? Your solution decides the fate of the baby cat. [3]
𝑣𝑓2 − 𝑣𝑖2
Δ𝑥 =
2𝑎
𝑣𝑓 = 0
𝑣𝑖2 −252
Δ𝑥 = − = = 𝟓𝟐. 𝟎𝟖 𝒎
2𝑎 −12.0
Car won’t hit cat.
15. What is the net work done on the car? [4]
1
𝑊𝑛𝑒𝑡 = 𝐾𝐸𝑓 − 𝐾𝐸𝑖 = 0 − (235)(25)2 = −𝟕𝟑𝟒𝟑𝟕. 𝟓 𝑱
2
16. Where could the kinetic energy lost be transformed to upon braking? [2]
Heat.

E. MOTOCROSS (10 points)


A daredevil on a motorcycle leaves the end of a ramp with a speed of
35.0 m/s as in Figure E. His speed is 33.0 m/s upon reaching the
maximum height. Ignore nonconservative forces and consider the
ramp to be at y = 0.
17. Will total mechanical energy be conserved if we ignore air
resistance and friction? Explain briefly. [2]
Yes. Nonconservative forces are ignored. Figure E. Motorcycle man.

18. Determine the maximum height the daredevil achieves. [4]


1 1
𝑚𝑣𝑖2 + 𝑚𝑔ℎ𝑖 = 𝑚𝑣𝑓2 + 𝑚𝑔ℎ𝑓
2 2
2 2
𝑣𝑖 − 𝑣𝑓 35 − 332
2
ℎ𝑓 = = = 𝟔. 𝟗𝟒 𝒎
2𝑔 2 × 9.8

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19. What is the angle of the ramp? [2]
Velocity at max height is just the horizontal component of initial velocity.
33 = 35 cos 𝜃
33
𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 =
35
33
𝜃 = acos ( ) = 𝟏𝟗. 𝟒𝟔∘
35
20. Explain what will happen to the speed of the motorcycle if air resistance were not to be ignored. From your
answer, what can you say about the work done by air resistance? [2]
It will be reduced. Work done by air resistance is work done by a nonconservative force.

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