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1. Learning the Game 1
2. I Can’t Climb Trees Anymore 19
3. Old Man River 32
4. Seventeen Oranges 52
5. Water - The Elixir of Life 67
6. From Zero to Infinity 83
7. A Birthday Letter 96
1. Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening 107
2. A Poison Tree 112
3. On Killing a Tree 118
4. The Spider and The Fly 124
5. The River 132
6. The Comet 137
7. The Stick together Families 143
1. Synonyms 150
2. Antonyms 153
3. Homonyms 156
4. Homophones 158
5. Prefix /Suffix 161
6. Anagrams 165
7. Shortened form – Full form 166
8. American English – British English 167
9. Idioms 171
10. Opinion / Fact 174
11. Preposition 175
12. Prepositional Verbs 182
13. Degrees of Comparison 188
14. Phrase and Clause 191
15. Prepositional Phrase 193
16. Non-Finite Verbs 196
17. Auxiliary Verbs – Modals 201
18. Tenses 207
19. Connectors 213
20. Active – Passive Voice 217
21. Determiners 222
22. Reported Speech 224

23. Passage Comprehension 230
24. Passages Questions 233
1. The Envious Neighbour 234
2. The Fun They Had 242
3. Earthquake 251
4. The Cat and the Pain Killer 260
5. Little Cyclone: The Story of a Grizzly Cub 270
6. Mother's Voice 278
7. The Christmas Truce 285
Complete the Dialogue
2. Letter Writing 298
3. Poster Making 302
Non-verbal Charts 304
5. Developing Hints 307
6. Picture Description 309
7. Exercise book Key 311
8. model Question Paper 315
(tpisahl;ilf; fw;Wf;nfhs;sy;)
Sachin Tendulkar

About the Author: Mrpupau; Fwpg;G:

Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar was born on 8TO¢ «¸~]LNƫ DvDY} O^M‡ ]GzžƒBƫ.
24th April 1973 in Mumbai, Maharastra. ]DX|I ;ƫ «_L.. ]DX|I MXJYQ MWXOX‡œOX.
He is a former Indian cricketer and captain 8|IYN 6HŽNŽ} «}KX„ I_QTƫ. :QB~©B… ]L‚P
widely regarded as one of the greatest BYƬt]By TOƫBRƒ “ ?¯Tƫ. MYBt”²BYN ^JO{IY^Q^N
cricketers of all time. He made an impact in DI <ž~LIYƒ DXI_K ]D€ITƫ. 8R_MNŽQY¯|^I
cricket from a very early age, displaying a
8T¯t” BYƬt]By TŽ_RNXyœƒ 7ƫT MYBº
prodigious talent. The world famous
8¯|I¢. IK¢ BYƬt]By TX…TŽƒ, :QB DXI_KB„
cricketer has set many records in his career
and is considered as one of the greatest LQT‚_Pv]D€¢„RXƫ. DƫT^ID 7yGuBRƒ 100
Batsman of all times. He is the only player DIuB„ <ž{I TOƫ “ <}P ]L¯_M­, DƫT^ID ?¯
to have scored one hundred international JX„ TŽ_RNXyžBRƒ 8Oy_G DI«, ru;tNjr
centuries, the first to score double century Nghl;bfspy; 30>000 Xl;lq;fSf;Fk; Nkyhf <ž{I TOƫ
in a One Day International, and the only 8Tƫ. DƫT^ID 6RTŽƒ 664 BYƬt]By TŽ_RNXyž~
player to complete more than 30,000 runs L|INuBRƒ Lu^B‚²„R ,tu; nkhj;jkhf 34>357
in international cricket. He played 664
Xl;lq;fs; vLj;Js;shu;. 2012--7 7zž, MtBR_T
international cricket matches in total,
:²~LŽKOXB JYNMYtB~LyGXƫ. 2013--7 7zž, BYƬt]By
scoring 34,357 runs. In 2012, Tendulkar
was nominated to the Rajya Sabha. He TŽ_RNXyœQY¯|¢ @€º ]L‚PXƫ. 8TO¢

retired from cricket on 16th November ˜NDƬ_INŽ} ]LNƫ "Playing it my Way". 6IYQY¯|¢ ?¯
2013. ‘Learning the Game’ is an extract DY² L”IY^N ‘Learning the Game’ 8u” LXGMXB
from his autobiography Playing it My Way. _TtB~Lyž„R¢.
Awards Year tpUJfs; Mz;L
Arjuna Award 1994 mu;[Pdh tpUJ 1994
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award 1997 uh[{t; fhe;jp Nfy; uj;dh tpUJ 1997
Padma Shri 1999 gj;k = 1999
Padma Vibhushan 2008 gj;k tpG+\z; 2008
Bharat Ratna 2013 ghuj; uj;dh 2013
rr;rpdpd; gapw;rpahsuhd mr;Nufu; [dtup khjk; 2-k;
Coach Achrekar passed away on 2nd Jan, Njjp 2019-k; Mz;L jdJ 87-tJ tajpy; rpth[p
2019 at the age of 87 at his Shivaji Park G+q;fhtpy; cs;s jdJ tPl;by; fhykhdhu;. fz;zPu;
residence. Tearful Sachin was at the ky;f mtuJ ,Wjpr; rlq;fpy; fye;Jnfhz;l rr;rpd;
funeral and paid his tribute by carrying mtUf;F mQ;ryp nrYj;Jk; tpjkhf mtuJ cliy
his coach’s mortal remains to the ,Wjpr;rlq;F eilngWk; ikjhdk; tiu Rke;J
cremation ground. nrd;whu;. 1
PROSE jkpohf;fk;

PAGE – 1 jahuhFjy;
Warm up eP vjpu;fhyj;jpy; vd;d nra;a tpUk;Gfpwha;.
Think of what you would like to do in ,ilntspfis epug;Gf.
future. Fill in the spaces.
My Goals vdJ ,yf;Ffs;
Timeline Action Plans fhyf;NfhL nray;jpl;lk;
2022 2022
20… 20…
20….20… 20….20…
20…20… 20…20…
2040 Onwards
2040 Onwards
From a very early age, I played tennis-ball
]G}Kˆ L|_I _T{¢t]BXzž BYƬt]By 7œNŽ¯tBY^P}.
cricket with my colony friends. I loved
]IX_QtBXyDYNŽƒ, BYƬt]By 7yG{_I~LXƫ{IY¯tBY^P}.
watching cricket on television and in our
“ ˜Kƒ
games, I often tried to emulate the mannerisms
of my favourite players, Sunil Gavaskar and
the West Indian legend Viv Richards. But it «N}²„^R}. 7KXƒ, My_GNXyG TOƫB_R
wasn’t just the batsmen that I studied. I also BTKtBTŽƒ_Q. JX} L|¢ T˜T_I­
“ TŽ¯LŽ^K}.
loved bowling. Throughout my career, I have <}§_GN ]MX{I TŽ_RNXyž TX…t_BNŽƒ, JX}
actually bowled a lot in the nets. LNŽ‚DYtBR{IYƒ 6IYBMXB L|¢ TDYNŽ¯tBY^P}.

I was then studying in the New English School, JX} 6~]LX¸¢, «_LNŽƒ :„R JY® 8uBYQY‡ ˆ•QYƒ

Mumbai. But my brother Ajit knew that Lœ{¢t]BXzœ¯|^I}. «_LNŽƒ :„R M‚P L„RB_R

compared to other schools in Mumbai, TŽG,. OXBX|{ 6v^OtBƫ DXƫ BYƬt]By LNŽ‚DYNXROXB

Shardashram Vidhyamandir where Ramakant LHŽNX‚PYN UƫIX‡O TŽ{NX M|IYƫ <}P L„RNŽƒ,

Achrekar Sir was the cricket coach, gave due BYƬt]Byœ‚” 6IYB «tBYN{¢T IO~LžTIXB <}

importance to the game of cricket. He ran D^BXIO} 6EY{ 6PY|¢ ]BXzGX}. 6Tƫ ^BX_GBXQ

summer camps too. Ajit, one day, took me to TŽ_RNXyž LNŽ‚DY «BXB_R JG{IYNT¯ •G. 6EY{ ?¯

the camp to get trained under Sir. Anyone JX„, <}_K , <K¢ DXƬG LNŽ‚DY ]LPt]BXzž ]D}PX}.

could come for a trial at the camp; but then, it 6|I LNŽ‚DY «BXMY‚” <Tƫ ^TzžMXKX´ TOQX.

was up to Sir to decide who to accept. I was 7KXƒ, NX_O =‚²t]BX„T¢ <}² DX^O «œº ]D€TXƫ.

eleven years old then. Achrekar Sir, as I refer <Kt” 6~^LX¢ LIY^KX¯ TN¢. 6v^OtBƫ DXƫ <}² JX}

to him, started playing cricket at the age of 6_S{I 6Tƫ, 1943 -ƒ I|¢ LIY^KXOXT¢ TNIYƒ BYƬt]By
eleven in 1943, which is the age I was when I
LXƫtB~^LXK ^LX¢ <Kt” TN¢ LIY]KX}².
went to him for the first time.
I had never batted in the nets before and felt
T_Q~LNŽ‚DYNŽƒ 6I‚” «}LXB JX} 9žLyG^I 8ƒ_Q
somewhat overawed with so many people <}LIXƒ, <}_Kv˜‚PY 6^JB ^Lƫ 8¯|I ^LX¢, ^LD
around. When I was asked to bat, I was not at «œNXILœ IY_B{¢~^LX^K}. <}_K ^Lyœu ]D€­Lœ
all comfortable. With Sir watching me so ]DX}K ^LX¢, JX} ]BXxD DuBG~Ly^G}. DXƫ,
closely, I failed to make an impact. Sir called <}_K^N LXƫ{¢t]BXzœ¯t” ^LX¢, ?¯ IXtB{_I
<}KXƒ :zž LzH 8NQTŽƒ_Q. DXƫ, 6EY{_I IKNXB
Ajit aside and informed him that I was perhaps
6_S{¢, 6TKG, JX} «BXMYƒ BQ|¢ ]BX„TI‚” 2
too young to make the camp and suggested that MYBº DY}KTKXB 8¯~LIXƒ, JX} TRƫ|I LŽP”, <}_K

he should bring me back when I was a little ]BXzž TO ^Tzž]M}² ]DX}KXƫ. 6EY{ TQY­²{IY
]DXƒQXMƒ 8¯|IY¯|IXƒ, «_L TyG BYƬt]By
older. My induction into the Mumbai cricket
6HŽNŽƒ JX} ¤_ST¢ ^IXƒTŽNŽƒ «œ|IY¯t”.
circuit could have ended in failure – but for BXQKNŽƒ JX} TŽ_RNXžT_I~LXƫ{I 6EY{, 6_I
Ajit’s insistence. Having seen me play in the TŽGvDYP~LXB , 6v^OtBƫ DXƬ} «}LXB TŽ_RNXœtBXyG
colony, Ajit knew I was capable of performing «œ­ <}² 6PY|IY¯|IX}. JX} LIyG~LžTIXƒ, <Kt”
far better than I had done in front of Achrekar 8}]KX¯ TX€~© IO ^Tzž]M}² ^Byžt]BXzGX}.

Sir. He explained that I was nervous and asked <K§, 6T}, 6†TX² JX} TŽ_RNXž ^LX¢, DXƫ
6uBY¯|¢ ^LX€ TŽG ^Tzž]M}², ]BXxD £O{IYƒ
Sir to give me one more opportunity. However,
JY}² ]BXzž 6T_KtBTKtB ^Tzž]M}²
he suggested that while doing so, Sir should ^Byžt]BXzGX}. DXƫ 6I‚” ?{¢t]BXzGXƫ DYPY¢ ^JO
pretend to go away and then watch from a BSY{¢, JX} TŽ_RNXžLœ ]DXƒQ~LyG¢. DXƬ} LNŽ‚DY
distance. Sir agreed. Before long, I was asked 6_G|I, 7OX­ LXƫ_T 8ƒQXMƒ -- 6ƒQ¢ ?¯ ^T_R
to bat again and, without Sir’s trained eyes 6†TX² 8¯~LIXB JX} JY_K{¢t]BXzž, -- ]OXL

scrutinizing me – or so I thought, I felt more at DºBƫNMXB :Hƫ|¢ L|_I DYP~LXB

TŽ_RNXG{¢TuBY^K}. 8|IvDMN, DXƫ <}_K «BXMYƒ
ease and soon started to hit the ball well. This
^Dƫ{¢t]BX„R DMIY{IXƫ. JX} MBY…|¢ ^LX^K}. 6|I
time, Sir agreed to let me join the camp. I was TX€~©, <} TX…_T^N MX‚PYN TX€~© <}² ]DXƒQ
delighted and I must say it was an opportunity ^Tzž.
that transformed my life.


The camp involved a session every morning and BX_Q­, MX_Q­ J_G]L‚P¢. JX} BX_Q 7 -30 «Iƒ 10 -
evening at Shivaji Park. I would practice between 30 T_O LNŽ‚DY ]D€^T}. LŽP”, M‘ zž MX_QNŽƒ IY¯LŽ,
7.30 am and 10.30 am in the morning. Then I’d ]Jž ^JO LNŽ‚DY ]D€¢ ]BXzœ¯~^L}. «BXMY} LNŽ‚DY
come back in the afternoon and practice till late IYyG MYBtBž_MNXK¢. JX} MX_TNŽƒ MYBº ^DXƫ|¢
evening. The schedule was rigorous and I would TŽž^T}. LX|{OXTŽƒ :„R <}§_GN TyœQY¯|¢,
be exhausted by the end of the day. Travelling to DYTXEY LXƫtBY‚” ]DƒQ 40 JYMYGuB„ 7”. JX} DƬNXK
Shivaji Park took forty minutes from my house in ^JO{IY‚” 6u” ]DƒQ , BX_Q ^JO ^L¯|IYƒ ^JO{¢G}
Bandra and I had to catch an early morning bus to ©P~LG ^Tzž. «Iƒ DYQ JXyB¶t”, LSBYt]BX„TI‚BXB,
make it on time. For the first few days, Ajit 6EY{ <}§G} T|IX}. ^L¯|¢ LNH{IY} ^LX¢, ^Lyœu
accompanied me,to get me used to the routine. ]D€TIYƒ :„R ¤yLuB_R <ƒQX ]DXƒQYt]BXzž
During the bus journeys, he would talk to me T¯TX}. 6|I :_ONXGƒB_R]NƒQX MYBº JX}
about the nuances of batting, and I always ODY{^I}. :z_MNŽƒ, JX} <}§_GN BYƬt]By TX…º
enjoyed these conversations a lot. In fact, the one
«¸tB JY_KTŽƒ _T{IY¯|I¢, 6EY{ ^Lyœu
thing that I have kept with me all my career is a
”PY{¢{I|I ”PY~©B^R. 6¢, <}§_GN ]DX|I LNŽ‚DY
note that Ajit gave me containing some thoughts
about batting. It served as a very personal
coaching manual.
As a child, I had only one set of cricket clothes ?¯ DY²TKXB 8¯|I ^LX¢, <}KG ?¯ ^EXœ BYƬt]By

and the routine was to wash them as soon as I’d 7ž DZ¯_G^N 8¯|I¢. BX_QNŽƒ LNŽ‚DYNŽQY¯|¢

returned from the morning session. While I had IY¯LŽN¢, M‘ zž 6_I^N ¢_TtB ^Tzž. JX},

my lunch, the clothes would dry out in the sun MIYN :Hº DX~LŽž ^LX¢, 6|I{¢HŽB„ BX€|¢

and I would wear them again in the afternoon. ]BXzœ¯t”. 6_I^N, MX_QNŽ´ 6HŽ|¢ ]BX„^T}.

The pattern was repeated in the evening so that 8¢, MX_Q­ 6~Lœ^N M‘ zž LŽ}L‚P~Lyž, M² JX„,

I could use the same set of clothes the BX_QNŽƒ 6^I :_GB_R 6HŽ|¢ ]BX„^T}. 8|I

following morning. The system worked well – «_PNXK¢ DƬNXB 8¯|I¢. 7KXƒ, LXt]ByžB„ Myž

apart from my pockets. There was never quite BXNTŽƒ_Q. 6_T «¸T¢MXB BX€TI‚” ?¯ ^LX¢ 3
enough time for the pockets to dry out ^JO 8¯tBX¢. 6IKXƒ, LNŽ‚DY <ž{¢t]BX„¶ ^JO

completely, and for the entire duration of the «¸_Mt” JX} 9OMXK LXt]ByžB¶G}

camp I played with wet pockets. By the middle TŽ_RNXœ^K}. 6|It ^BX_G BXQ «BXMY} M{IYNŽƒ, DXƫ,

of the summer camp, Sir had started taking an <}§_GN ^Lyœu M‘ ¢ 7ƫT BXyG{¢TuBYKXƫ. LŽP”,

active interest in my batting and at the end of 8Ozž MXI LNŽ‚DYNŽ} «œTŽƒ, 6Tƫ, 6EY{IYG, T¯G

the two months, informed Ajit that I had the «¸T¢ LNŽ‚DY <ž{¢t]BXzGXƒ, ?¯ JƒQ ^Iƫ|I

potential to be a good cricketer if I practiced all BYƬt]By TOOXTI‚BXK

“ IYP} <}KG 8¯~LIXB

year round. However, my school – the New ]IƬTŽ{IXƫ. 7KXƒ, JX} Lœ{¢t]BXzœ¯|I LX|{OX

English School in Bandra – did not have 8uBYƪ‡ ˆ•QYƒ BYƬt]By LNŽ‚DYt” ^LX¢MXK TDIYB„

cricket facilities and Sir was keen for me to 8ƒ_Q <}LIXƒ, JX} BYƬt]By TŽ_RNXy_G DZƬN

change schools if I wanted to pursue cricket «_PNŽƒ ]IXGO TŽ¯LŽKXƒ, JX} Lœt” L„R_N

seriously. MX‚²TI‚” <}§_GN DXƫ «_K~LX€ 8¯|IXƫ.

?¯ JX„, DXƫ, <} I|_I_N 6_S{¢, I}§_GN

One evening, Sir called my father and put 7^QXD_K_N ]IƬTŽ{IXƫ. <}§_GN 6~LXºG} 6EY{ 6|I
forward his suggestion. Ajit was in the room ^JO{IYƒ 6_PNŽ} :„^R 8¯|IX}. 6~^LX¢, 6EY{¢, <}
with my father at the time and they both I|_I­, BYƬt]By IX} <}§_GN «}§Ƭ_M <}PXƒ,
accepted that it was necessary if cricket was to 6~Lœ^N ]D€¢ TŽGQX <}² ?{¢t]BXzGKƫ. <}§_GN
be my priority. My father sat me down and I|_I <}_K I_ONŽƒ 6MO _T{¢, JX}, BYƬt]By

explained that while he did not have any TŽ_RNXžT¢ ”PY{¢ JX} I“TŽOMXB 8¯|IXƒ , 6I‚BXB <}

objections to my changing schools, I should do L„Rt•G{_I MX‚²T_I~L‚PY IKt”, IKt” 7y^DL_K

so only if I was really serious about playing 8ƒ_Q <}² ]IƬTŽ{IXƫ. JX} 6†TX² IX} 8¯tBY^P}
<}² ]IƬTŽ{^I}. <K^T, 6v^OtBƫ DXƫ BYƬt]By
cricket.I assured him I was, and so it was
agreed that I should move to Shardashram
MX²T¢ <}² ?~©t]BX„R~LyG¢. <}§_GN <ƒQX
Vidhyamandir, where Achrekar Sir was the
6IYB~LyG DtIY­ BYƬt]Byœ‚” M_G MX‚P
cricket coach. All my excess energies were ]D€N~Lyžt]BXzœ¯|I¢. 6¢ <Kt” ?¯ LX¢BX~© TXƒ†
getting channeled into cricket, which acted as a ^LXQ^T 8¯|I¢. <}§_GN Lœ~LŽ}
kind of safety valve. My father always said that «œºB_R~L‚PYtBT_Q~LGXMƒ, <}§_GN DYP|I
all he wanted me to do was give it my best «N‚DY_N ]D€N ^Tzž]M}² <} I|_I <~^LX¢
effort without worrying about the results. ]DXƒ´TXƫ.

UƫIX‡O L„RNŽƒ <}§_GN «IQX 7zœƒ, ^BX_G

In my first year at Shardasharm, I played fifty
TŽž«_PNŽƒ, 6²L¢ JXyB„ 8_G]TRNŽƒ, JX}, >L{¢
five practice matches during the summer break
>|¢ LNŽ‚DY ^LXyœB_R TŽ_RNXœ^K}. <}§_GN
of sixty days. My summer sessions used to start
LNŽ‚DY BX_Q 7 -30 MHŽt” ¢TuBY, MX_Q 4 -30 MHŽt”
at 7.30 am and end at 4.30 pm. My evening
«œ­. <}§_GN MX_Q LNŽ‚DY 6_O MHŽ ^JO
session would start at 5 pm after only a thirty-
8_G]TRt”~LŽP”, 5 -ƮƮ MHŽt” M‘ zž ¢Tu”.
minute break. During the break, Sir would 8_G]TR ^JO{IYƒ, DXƫ, <Kt” LH ]BXž{¢, («_LNŽ}
often give me some money to go and have a LŽOLQMXK ¢ƬI :HTXBYN) TGXLX† <}P :H_T
vadapav (a popular Mumbai fast food). DX~LŽG{I¯TXƫ.
MX_Q 5 -00 MHŽ «Iƒ 7 -00 MHŽ T_O , JX} >|¢
Between 5 pm and 7 pm I'd have five more net T_Q~LNŽ‚DYB_Rv]D€^T}. B_GDY 15 JYMYGuBRƒ, <K¢ DXƫ,
sessions. Towards the last 15 minutes, Sir ?¯ °LX€ JXHN{_I ˆG~ˆ ”vDYBR} ^Mƒ _T{¢ TŽyž,
would place a one rupee coin on top of the JX} 7yGMYStBXMƒ 8¯|IXƒ, 6¢ <}§_GN¢ <}²
stumps and if I managed to avoid getting out, ]DXƒTXƫ. 8|I LNŽ‚DYNŽƒ, «BXMYƒ :„R <ƒQX L|¢
the coin was mine. In this session every bowler TvDXRƫB¶
“ <Kt” L|¢ T˜TXƫB„.
“ 6_I 6²L¢ «Iƒ <¸L¢

in the camp would come and bowl to me, with DY²TƫB„ L’Qœu ]D€NTXƫB„. 6|I ]J¯tBœNXK LIY_K|¢

some sixty to seventy boys fielding. It meant I JYMYGuBRƒ , JX} _MIXK{IYƒ 8¯t” <ƒQX L|_I­ 4
had to hit every ball along the ground to 6œ{IXB ^Tzž. 6|I ?¯ °LX€ JXHN{_I ]TƒT¢

survive those intense fifteen minutes. Winning <Kt” ]L¯ IY¯~IY_N I|¢, :GQYƒ <ƒQX LQ«
]TR^NPYN LŽP”, <~Lœ MK_I ?¯ «B~Lž{I ^Tzž]M}²
the one- rupee coin used to give me immense
<Kt” ]DXƒQY­ I|I¢. 6¢ <ƒQX, «œ|I LŽP”, DXƫ,
satisfaction and taught me how to concentrate
<}_K, <K¢ BXƒ BTDuB„, _B­_PB„ <ƒQXT‚_P­
even when physically drained. At the end of it
6HŽ|¢ ]BXzž, 6|I DYTXEY LXƫt «¸T¢ 8Ozž «¸
all., Sir would tell me to run two full circuits of
˜‚²tB„ ˜‚PY @žLœ ]DXƒ´TXƫ.
Shivaji Park with my pads and gloves on.
That was the last part of my training and I’d be 6¢^T <}§_GN LNŽ‚DYNŽ} B_GDY L”IYNX”. 6I}

completely exhausted by the end of it all. It 8²IYNŽƒ, JX} «¸T¢^M B_R{¢~^LXNŽ¯~^L}. 6¢

was a routine I would repeat right through my <}§_GN ^BX_G BXQ TŽž«_P «œN ]IXGƫ|¢ ]D€¢

summer holidays and it helped me to build up T|I TStBMXK ?}². 6¢ <}§_GN :Gƒ M‚²

physical and mental stamina. MK{IYG 8Oz_G­ TRƫtB :ITŽN¢.

<~^LXIXT¢, <} I|_I 6u” <}_K Tyžt”

Occasionally, my father came to take me home
•yœt]BXzž ]DƒQ T¯TXƫ. JX} 6TƬG, <Kt”
and I would always ask him to treat me to a
LS{¢zžB„ 8G~LyG BQ_T_N, 6|I BYR~ 6¯BYƒ
special fruit cocktail at a juice centre near the
club. While this regular demand was a little
]DXƒ´^T}. <~^LX¢ 6~Lœ ^ByL¢ DƬNXB 8¯tBX¢
unreasonable, because at the time I did not
<}P JY_QNŽƒ, <} ]L‚^PXƫ, <} D^BXIO, D^BXIƬBR}
realize that my parents also had to take care of ^I_TB_R­ D|IYtB ^TzœNŽ¯|IXƫB„ <}² 6~^LX¢
the needs of my brothers and sister, my father JX} 6PYNXIY¯|^I}. <} I|_I^NX , 6_I{ITŽƫtB
would invariably end up giving me what I 8NQXILœ, <}_K D|^IXU~Lž{I ^Tzž]M}LI‚BXB,
wanted, just to see me happy. On other days, <Kt” JX} ^ByG_I TXuBY{I¯TXƫ. M‚P JXyBRƒ, JX}
when I made my way home from Shivaji Park DYTXEY LXƫtBYQY¯|¢ IKNXB <} Tyœ‚”
“ IY¯© ^LX¢,
on my own, I’d often fall asleep on the bus – if 8¯t_BNŽƒ 6Mƫ|IXƒ, ^L¯|IYƒ £uBY TŽž^T}. •yG
I managed to sit down. Anyone who has been ^JOuBRƒ, «_L ^L¯|¢BRƒ LNH ]D€LTƫB„, 6IYƒ
on a Mumbai bus at peak hours will know just 8¯t_B BY_G~L¢ <†TRº B‡G <}² 6PYTXƫB„.
how difficult it is to get a eat. On days when I 8¯t_B BY_GtBXI JXyBRƒ, _BNŽƒ
wasn’t so lucky, it was still a challenge just to TŽ_RNXyžvDXMX}B„ ]BXzG _L_N ˜M|¢ ]BXzž
stand with the kitbag, because the bus JY‚L¢ ?¯ DTXQXK BXƬN IX}. =]KKƒ, ^L¯|¢
conductors would inevitably complain about JG{¢KƫB„, JX} 8}]KX¯ LNHŽNŽ} 8G{_I
me taking up the space of another passenger. It 7tBYOMY{¢t]BXzGIXB ©BXƫ ]DXƒTXƫB„. ]L¯LX´
could be embarrassing because the conductors ^L¯|¢ JG{¢KƫB„, MYBº «Oyž{IKMXKTƫB„
were often rude and would sometimes ask me <}LIXƒ, 6TƫB„ <}_K 8Ozž LNHvDZyžtB„
to buy two tickets. I didn’t have the money for TXuBv]DXƒ´TXƫB„. <}KG 8OzGXT¢ LNHvDZyž
a second ticket and I had to learn to take these TXuB LH 8ƒ_Q. 6{¢G}, <} QyDYN{IY_K ^JXtBY
remarks in my stride. Dirty clothes often added ]Dƒ´ ^LX¢, 8{I_BN TŽMƫDKuB_R]NƒQX
to the embarrassment. With time, I evolved a IXuBYt]BX„R LSBYt]BXz^G}. 6¸tBXK 7_GB„,
way of wrapping the kitbag around me. Just as <}§_GN 8}]KX¯ DuBG. BXQ~^LXtBYƒ, JX} _L_N
the helmet and pads became a part of me while <}_Kv˜‚PY _T{¢t]BX„R LSBYt]BXz^G}. ^Lyœu
batting, so the kitbag became an extensions of ]D€­ ^LX¢, I_QtBTD, LX¢BX~© BTDuB„ <ƒQX
me on the bus. I’d often take the bus or train <}Kƒ ?¯ LXBMXT¢ ^LXQ^T, TŽ_RNXyžvDXMX}
from Bandra to Church gate, and it was all a _L­ <}^KXž 8_H|IIXBY TŽyG¢. LX|{OXTŽQY¯|¢
great learning experience. Dƫv ^By T_O ]Dƒ´ Lˆ 6ƒQ¢ ONŽƒ TzœNŽƒ
]L¯LX´ ]D}² T¯^T}. 6]IƒQX ?¯ 6‚©IMXK
B‚²t]BX„¶ 6§LT. 5

PAGE –3 BYƬt]By TŽ_RNXyž IX} <} 6LŽMXK TŽ_RNXyž <}PX´,

Even though I loved cricket, there were still DYQ JXyBRƒ, <} ^IXSƫB¶G} Tyœƒ
“ TŽ_RNXž ^LX¢

occasional days when playing with my friends 6§LTŽt” MBY…vDYNXƒ, JX} ]TR^N

at home was such fun that I would T_Q~LNŽ‚DYt”~^LXB ^Tzž <}L_I­ MP|¢ TŽž^T}.
JX} 6u” ^LXBXTŽyGXƒ, 6v^OtBƫ DXƫ, I}§_GN ˆ•yGƬƒ
conveniently forget I was supposed to go to the
IXTŽ =PYt]BXzž <}_K{^IœtBzž LŽœtB T|¢ TŽžTXƫ.
nets. If I didn’t turn up, Achrekar Sir would
6|I 7OTXO{IY} M{IYNŽƒ <}_K 6_GNXR Bzž
jump on to his scooter and come to find me. Sir
]BXzž, DXƫ, <}_K ]TR^N 8¸{¢ T|¢ TŽžTXƫ. JX}
would spot me in the melee and virtually drag
=IXT¢ DXt” ]DXƒQY TŽyž 6u^B^N TŽ_RNXG JY_K~^L}.
me out. I would come up with excuses but he 7KXƒ, 6Tƫ 6_I]NƒQX ^ByB^T MXyGXƫ. 6Tƫ JX}
would have none of it. He would get me to :_G_N MX‚PYt]BXzž, DYTXEY LXƫt”t” •yœt]BXzž ^LX€
change and head off to Shivaji Park. TŽžTXƫ.

On the drive he would tell me, “Don’t waste 6Tƫ Tzœ_N ?yœt]BXzž ^LX” ^LX¢, <}KG, " J“

your time playing insane games with these 8|I MXIYƬ DY}K~_LN}B^RXG _L{IYNtBXO{IKMX

kids. Cricket is waiting for you at the nets. TŽ_RNXžPI JY²{IYt^BX. 6uB ]JyQ BYƬt]By :KtBXB

Practice hard and see what magic can BX{¢tBYyž 8¯t”. B‡G~Lyž LŽOXtœˆ Lz . 6~©PMX

transpire." <}K JGt”¢}§ LX¯," <}LXƫ.

"We need to have proper career orientation. TŽ_RNXyž DL|IMX J“ DƬNXK ^JXtB ]Tv˜¯tB .

Your personality plays an important role in :Kt” <~Lœ~LyG ]IXSYƒ 6_MN BYP_I «œº

choosing the type of career you want. Choose LzP¢Q, :}^KXG ]LƫDKXQYyœ IX} «œº Lz . J“

something you enjoy and really want to do and TŽ¯~L~Lyž, :z_MNŽ^Q^N ]D€N TŽ¯LP ?z_H

you will be successful." ]DxDX, J“ ]T‚PY 6Gx˜¯T." <}PXƫ.

6|^JO{IYƒ, JX} <} JzLƫBRGMY¯|¢ LŽƬtB~LžT_I

At that time, I hated being dragged off, but as I ]T²{^I}. 7KXƒ, 8~^LX¢ 6_I <zHŽ~LXƫt” ^LX¢,
look back, I feel sheepish about my actions and 6_I <zHŽ ]TyB~LžBY^P}. <}§_GN 6v^OtBƫ DXƬ}
I“ƫtB IƬDK{_I <zHŽ 6T_O ^LX‚²BY}^P}.
can only admire Achrekar Sir’s farsightedness.

Sir also punished me on one occasion when ?¯ JX„, ?¯ «tBYNMXK LXG{_I <Kt” B‚²{IO
trying to teach me a very important lesson. «N‚DYt” ^LX¢, DXƫ <}_K{Izœ{¢„RXƫ. ?¯ IG_T,
Once, I bunked my daily evening practice to JX}, MX_Q ^JO LNŽ‚DYt”~^LXBXMƒ, L„RB¶tBY_G^N
watch an inter-school cricket match not J_G]L‚P ?¯ BYƬt]By L|IN{_ItBXH ~^LX€ TŽy^G}.
anticipating that Sir would be there. He was 6Tƫ 6u” 8¯~LXƫ <}² <zHŽt]BXzž ]D}^P}.
angry and he said it wasn’t for me to come and 6Tƫ ^BXLM_G|¢, JX}, 6ž{ITƫ TŽ_RNXžT_I~
watch other people play for, if I practiced hard LXƫtB{ ^I_TNŽƒ_Q <}², JX} BœKMXB LNŽ‚DY
enough, one day people from across the world ]D€IXƒ, ?¯ JX„, :QB «¸TIY´MY¯|¢, MtB„ JX}
would come and watch me play. Had it not TŽ_RNXžT_ItBXH T¯TXƫB„ <}² ]DX}KXƫ. DXƫ
been for Sir, I would not be the cricketer I 8ƒQXMƒ 8¯|IY¯|IXƒ, JX} 8~^LX¢ 8¯tBYPTX², ?¯
turned out to be. He was a strict disciplinarian BYƬt]By TŽ_RNXyž TOKXB
“ :¯TXBY 8¯tB MXy^G}.
and did everything he could for me. I owe 6Tƫ ?¸tB ]JPY_N MYBº Bzœ~LXBt B_G~LŽœ{ITƫ.
myself to him. 6Tƫ, <KtBXB <ƒQXT‚_P­ ]D€ITƫ. JX} 6T¯t”
<}_K^N 6ƫ~LHŽtBY^P}. 6

Young Sachin Sunil Gavaskar Viv Richards Ramakant Achrekar

Sachin’s brother Ajit Sachin’s Father Shardashram School Shivaji park

Net session One rupee coin on stumps Intense 15 minutes Achrekar’s Funeral

WORD SYNONYM jkpo; mu;j;jk;
bunked absent fye;Jnfhs;shky; ,Uj;jy;
cocktail a mixed drink fyg;G ghdk;
crossroads defining moment KbntLf;Fk; jUzk;
deteriorated became worse Nkhrkhd epiy
embarrassment shame/awkwardness rq;flk;
emulate imitate gpd;gw;Wjy;
farsightedness forethought Kd;rpe;jid
induction including Nru;j;jy;
influence persuade J}z;ly;
kitbag a long cylindrical bag xU ePz;l cUisahd ig
melee a confused crowd xU Fog;gkile;j $l;lk;
nuances subtle changes EDf;fq;fs;
overawed inhibited jPtpukhf J}z;lg;gl;l
passion strong desire jPtpu Mu;tk;
peer same rkkhd
pursue follow / chase njhlU
rigorous careful ftdkhf
stamina endurance jhq;Fk; Mw;wy;
stride a step in progress Kd;Ndw;wk;
transpire revealed ntspg;gly;
ultimately eventually epiwthf 7
WORD ANTONYM jkpo; mu;j;jk;
early x late jhkjk;
loved x hated ntWj;jy;
emulate x neglect xJf;Fjy;
punished x praised ghuhl;Ljy;
before x after gpwF
comfortable x uncomfortable rq;flkhd
closely x distantly njhiytpypUe;J
failed x passed Nju;r;rpngwy;
agreed x denied kWj;jy;
personal x impersonal nghJthd
pursue x stop epWj;J
accepted x rejected kWf;fg;gly;
survive x break down cile;J Nghjy;
exhausted x energized jPtpu Mu;tk;
occasionally x frequently mbf;fb
embarrassing x comfortable rTfupakhd
stride x wander miye;J jpupjy;
convenient x inconvenient mrTfupakhd
insane x sane tpNtfKs;s
important x unimportant mw;gkhd
bunked x attended fye;Jnfhs;sy;

1. Who were Sachin’s favourite players?
Sunil Gavaskar and Viv Richards were Sachin’s favourite players.
2. What was special about Shardashram Vidyamandir in Mumbai?
Ramkant Achrekar Sir was the cricket coach in Shardashram Vidyamandir in Mumbai.
3. What was the opportunity that transformed the life of Sachin?
Achrekar Sir agreed to let Sachin join the camp. It was the opportunity that transformed the
life of Sachin.
4. What sort of conversations did Ajit and Sachin have while travelling?
Ajit and Sachin had the conversations about the nuances of batting while travelling.
5. What routine did Sachin follow in washing his clothes?
Sachin’s routine was to wash his clothes as soon as he had returned from the morning session.
6. What did Achrekar inform Ajit?
Achrekar informed Ajit that Sachin had the potential to be a good cricketer if he practiced
all the year round. 8
7. What was the suggestion given by Achrekar to Sachin’s father?
The suggestion given by Achrekar to Sachin’s father was to change Sachin’s school.
8. What acted as a safety valve?
Sachin’s all excess energies were getting channelled into cricket which acted as a kind of
safety valve.
9. What did Sachin do during the thirty minute break?
During the thirty minute break Sachin would go and have a vadapav.
10. What is the intense ‘fifteen minutes’ mentioned?
Towards the last 15 minutes, every bowler in the camp would come and bowl to Sachin, with
some 60 to 70 boys fielding. He should survive those intense fifteen minutes without getting out.
11. What did Sachin’s father do just to make Sachin happy?
Sachin’s father would invariably end up giving him what he wanted, just to see him happy.
12. What did embarrass Sachin in the bus?
The conductors were often rude and would sometimes ask Sachin to buy two tickets. It
embarrassed him in the bus.
13. What made Sachin forget to go to the nets?
The fun of playing with friends at home made Sachin forget, to go to the nets.
14. What did Achrekar advise Sachin?
Achrekar advised Sachin, “Don’t waste your time playing insane games with these kids.
Cricket is waiting for you at the nets. Practice hard and see what magic can transpire.”
A. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences. (TB-5)
1. What was coach Achrekar’s first impression on Sachin?
He was too young to make the camp was Achrekar’s first impression on Sachin.
2. Why did Sachin feel that the schedule of the camp was ‘rigorous’?
After practice Sachin would be exhausted by the end of the day. So, he felt that the
schedule of the camp was rigorous.
3. What did serve as a very personal coaching manual to Sachin?
A note that his brother Ajit gave to him containing some thoughts about batting. It served as
a very personal coaching manual to Sachin.
4. Why was Sachin asked to change the school?
Sachin’s school did not have cricket facilities. So, he was asked to change schools if he
wanted to pursue cricket seriously. 9
5. What was the condition laid down by Sachin’s father for changing the school?
Sachin should be really serious about playing cricket was the condition laid down by
Sachin’s father for changing the school.
6. How did the act with the one rupee coin help Sachin become a good cricketer?
The act with the one rupee coin taught Sachin how to concentrate even when physically drained.
7. What did help Sachin to build his physical and mental stamina?
The routine of the camp Sachin would repeat right through his summer holidays helped
him to build up physical and mental stamina.
8. Which incident triggered the coach to be angry on Sachin?
Once, Sachin bunked his daily evening practice to watch an inter-school cricket match not
anticipating that Sir would be there. That incident triggered the coach to be angry on Sachin.
9. Why do you think Achrekar punished Sachin?
I think Achrekar punished Sachin because he was not aware of his potential.
10. ‘I owe myself to him’ – What does Sachin mean by this?
Sachin means by that without Achrekar, he would not be the cricketer he turned out to be.

B. Answer the following in a paragraph of 120-150 words. (TB-6)

1. ‘Achrekar was a sincere coach’. Substantiate.

Lesson : Learning the Game

Author : Sachin Tendulkar
Theme : Farsightedness of a coach

Achrekar was a cricket coach He ran summer camps

Suggested to change his school He identified the potential of Sachin

One rupee coin act helped Sachin Without him, Sachin would not be a cricketer
Ramkant Achrekar was a cricket coach in Shardashram Vidhyamandir in Mumbai. He
ran summer camps too. He agreed to let Sachin join his summer camp. He identified the potential
of Sachin to be a good cricketer. He suggested Sachin’s father to change his school. His act with the
one rupee coin taught Sachin how to concentrate even when physically drained. He advised Sachin,
“Don’t waste your time playing insane games with these kids. Cricket is waiting for you at the nets.
Practice hard and see what magic can transpire.” “If you practiced hard enough, one day people
from across the world would come and watch you play.” Without Achrekar, Sachin would not be
the cricketer he turned out to be.
Moral: Practice makes a man perfect 10
2. Narrate in your own words the hardships underwent by Sachin to become a great cricketer.

Lesson : Learning the Game

Author : Sachin Tendulkar
Theme : Hardships of a cricketer

Ajit took Sachin to Achrekar sir’s camp when he was 11. As a child, he had only one set of
cricket clothes. His routine was to wash his clothes as soon as he had returned from the morning
practice session. In his first year at Shardashram, he played 55 practice matches during the
summer break of 60 days. His summer sessions used to start at 7.30 am and end at 4.30 pm. His
evening session would start at 5 pm after 30 minutes break. Between 5 pm and 7 pm he would have
5 more net sessions. After practice Sachin would be exhausted by the end of the day. The act of
conductors embarrassed him in the bus. It was all a great learning experience.
Moral: Hardwork never fails
3. Quote the sentences which you find most inspiring from ‘Learning the Game.’ How do they
inspire you? Explain.
The sentences which I find most inspiring from ‘Learning the Game’ are “We need proper
career orientation. Your personality plays an important role in choosing the type of career you want.
Choose something ou enjoy and really want to do and you will be successful.” It is really true. We
should be very careful in choosing our career. For that we should have proper career orientation from
the seniors like our parents, teachers, specialists and friends. Along with that we should enjoy whatever
we do. Otherwise life will become a tragedy. If we do what we love to do, our life will be successful.
Eventhough there may be a few difficulties occur in that, we can manage it with confidence.
Key points: (Useful for all the Paragraph Questions)
x Ramkant Achrekar was a cricket coach in Mumbai.
x He identified the potential of Sachin.
x He suggested Sachin’s father to change his school.
x His one rupee coin act taught Sachin how to concentrate.
x He advised Sachin to practice hard.
x Without him, Sachin would not be the cricketer.

C. Match the words in column A with their synonym in column B
S. No A B Answers
1. ease endure effortless
2. evolve surplus progress
3. excess effortless surplus
4. survive great endure
5. immense progress great 11
D. Match the words in column A with their antonym in column B
S. No A B Answers
1. concentrate incomplete distract
2. inevitable distract preventable
3. occasional wise continual
4. complete continual incomplete
5. insane preventable wise

E. Use the words given below in your own sentences so as to get different
meanings. One is done for you. (TB-7)
Cricket is a popular sport. (tpisahl;L)
A cricket is active at night. (gwit)
The river’s bank is weak. (Mw;wq;fiu)
People saved money in bank. (tq;fp)
Marycom has an iron will. (ek;gpf;if)
He prepared his will when he was alive. (capy;)
Bark of neem is used in siddha medicine. (kug;gl;il)
The dog barks at the stranger. (Fiuj;jy;)
I watch cricket. (ghu;j;jy;)
Your wrist watch is nice. (fbfhuk;)

F. Consult a dictionary, to find the homophones for the given words.
1 in inn 6 right wright
2 know no 7 were wear
3 be bee 8 bare Bear
4 to too - two 9 herd heard
5 watt what 10 throne thrown


G. Look at the prefixes and suffixes given and frame two new words for each
one of them. One is done for you.
Prefix Word - I Word – II Suffix Word - I Word – II
sub subway subconscious ly suddenly happily
un unable unfair or visitor tailor
re rebuild rewrite er cricketer player
en envision enable ness brightness darkness
dis disobey disagree ian musician electrician
ir irrelavant irregular ist journalist novelist 12
H. Listen to the passage on Paralympics and choose the correct answer.
(*Listening text is on Page No.203)
1. Paralympic games are for b) disabled people
2. The Paralympic games usually happen c) after the Olympic games
3. The first Paralympic Games happened in Rome in a) 1960
4. In 394 BCE, the a) Romans stopped the Greek Olympic Games, because they didn’t like them
5. b) Sir Ludwig Guttmann was a doctor at the Stoke Mandeville hospital in England.

I. Just a minute (TB-8)
Given below are five main qualities for true sportsmanship.
Get into groups of four. Each group will choose one quality to talk about to the whole class for about one
minute. But before you talk, you have two minutes to think about it. You can make notes if you wish.
i. Determination - It is a positive emotional feeling. It is an act of officially deciding something. Many
people succeed in because of their strong determination. It involves preserving towards a difficult goal in spite
of obstacles. We must posses this quality to achieve our goal.
ii. Optimization - It is the action of making the best or most effective use of a situation or resources. We
don’t get what we need often. Those times we should think about the sources available in and around our
environment and make use of it the fullest.
iii. Stamina - It means physical strength or staying power. It is very important to all of us to do our
work for a long time. Especially sports people need this quality a lot. It purely dealt with our body. It is our duty
to keep it fit and strong.
iv. Perseverance - Most of us lacking this quality now a day. It is not possible always to get what we
desire or to achieve at the earliest. Many obstacles chase us wherever and whenever we go out of our home. We
should face that with perseverance.
v. Decisiveness - We should make our choices quickly and confidently. We are living in the world of
communication. We are running short of time to sit and decide all. In many personal interviews people are
unable to get job due to lack of making choices quickly and confidently.

J. Prepare a speech in about 80-100 words for the morning assembly, stressing on
the importance of games and sports in ensuring a healthy body and mind.
Sports and games are very important to everyone. It helps us to develop the habit of cooperation. Apart
from this, it helps us keep ourself fit. It increases self confidence, leadership quality and sharing. Reading and
writing alone is not education. Edcation is the development of both mental and physical growth. Books help us
to be knowledgeable. Games help us to be fit. Everyone should play a game at least half an hour every day. If
we regularly do this, diseases won’t affect us. 13
K. Your friend who lives in another town/city has won his/her championship
trophy in the recent sports meet. Write a letter congratulating him/ her.
639,Malligai Street,
My dear Arul/ Friend,
I am fine. How are you? I am very glad to hear the news of your victory. You have won the championship in
the Sport meet which was held at Mumbai. Congratulations! It is great. Your confidence and determination
brought this success to you. I have wondered many times when I saw your practice. I am very proud of you.
Your performance is very good. Your hard work never failed. You made our state proud. You can achieve more
and more in your life.
Thank you
Yours lovingly,
A. Sai.
Address on the envelope:
No.3 A-1 – Ezhil Nagar,
Madurai – 1.

L. Collect information from newspapers, magazines, periodicals and books

about any two famous sports women. Prepare their profiles. Use the following
Date of birth 27-06-1964
State / Team she represents Kerala, India
Sports / Games she is associated with Indian Athletics
Debut (First Entry) 1976
Best in her Career [00 m (11.39sec) Jakarta (1985)]
Hobbies Sports Only
Awards / Medals received Arjuna Award – 1984 and Padma Shri - 1984


Date of birth 17-03-1990
State / Team she represents Hyderabad, India
Sports / Games she is associated with Badminton
Debut (First Entry) 2006 - Under 19 - National Champion
Best in her Career Ranked 1st place (2nd - Apr - 2015)
Hobbies Sports Only
Awards / Medals received Arjuna Award, Padma Bhushan. 14
M. Write a newspaper article in about 100 words comparing the achievements of
the two sports women based on the information you have already collected.
P.T.Usha and saina Nehwal are the two best sportswomen whose achievements are going to be
compared in the article. P.T.Usha was born on 27-06-1964 rather saina Nehwal was born on 17-03-1990. Both
are born in India, but state - wise they are different. P.T.Usha is from Kerala and Saina belongs to Hyderabad.
At the same time, both persons' hobbies are sports only. In this both are common. P.T.Usha is the yester years
sport activitist rather Saina is the today's sport activitist. P.T.Usha's best in her career in 100m running. She
reached 100m in 11.39 seconds in the year 1985 in Jakarta Athletics meet. At the same time, Saina's best in her
career is she ranked first on 02-04-2015. We can conclude that, both the sports women made India fame by their

N. Answer the following questions briefly. (TB-11)
1. What do Tamil Nadu folk dances and folk arts represent?
Tamil Nadu folk dances and folk arts represent the ethos, aesthetic, values and melody of the region.
2. When are folk dances and folk music usually performed?
Folk dances and music are performed during festivals and community functions.
3. How is Karagattam performed?
Karagaattam involves balancing a pot on the head to musical accompaniment. The karagam pots are
decorated with a cone of flower arrangements, lopped by a paper parrot. The parrot swing as the
dancer swings along.
4. How were offerings carried during the ancient period?
People used to carry offerings tied on either end of a long stick, balanced on their shoulders.
5. Bring out a few differences between the two art forms - Therukoothu and Bommalattam
Men and women are involved Puppetry is used
Human beings are the characters Puppets are the characters
A street or open stage is needed A specific stage is needed
It is performed on the streets and in open air They stand behind a screen and the puppets held in front
The performance involves story telling, songs and It depicts stories mainly from the puranas, epics and
dance and dialogue rendering folklore


P. Pick out two words from the article on folk culture and folklore of Tamil Nadu with which you can form
anagrams. Take turns and ask your partner to solve the anagram and come out with the right words.
Q. Work in groups of 4-6. Choose one folk art form, that is rarely or no longer performed. Find out the
reasons for this and suggest practical solutions/ steps that can be taken to prevent this. After discussion
and research, conduct a talk show in the class on the topic FOLK ARTS - A REVIVAL. The following
inputs will help you. Each group will consist of the following members.
1. The host 2. A folk artist
3. A representative from an NGO engaged in reviving some of the dying folk arts
4. A student 5. A citizen from the city.
Your teacher will distribute role cards with cues to each member of the group to help you play your roles.
Fiwe;j vz;zpf;ifapy; elj;jg;gLk; my;yJ tof;nfhope;JNghd fpuhkpa fiy xd;wpid
vLj;Jf;nfhz;L mJ Vd; tof;nfhope;J NghdJ vd;gjw;fhd fhuzq;fisAk; mij jLj;J
mf;fiyia fhg;ghw;Wtjw;fhd topKiwfisAk; ez;gu;fSld; fye;J NgRf. fye;Jiuahly;
Kbe;jJk; FOLK ARTS - A REVIVAL vd;w jiyg;gpy; tpthj muq;fk; elj;jyhk;.

Xt;nthU khztUf;Fk;
1. newpahsu;> 2. fpuhkpa fiyQu;> 3. fpuhkpa fiyfis moptpypUe;J fhg;ghw;w ghLgLk; muR
rhuh epWtd gpujpepjp> 4. xU khztd;> 5. efuj;jpy; trpf;Fk; xU egu;
-Mfpa ghj;jpuq;fspy; VNjDk; xd;iw Mrpupau; gpupj;Jf;nfhLj;J njhiyf;fhl;rpapy; ehk;
fhz;gijg;Nghd;w fye;Jiuahly; epfo;it elj;jyhk;.

A. Choose the most appropriate preposition from the brackets: (TB-14)
1. We have been living in Chennai for eight years. (for, since)
2. Abdul has taken after his father. (after / at)
3. Vimal generally goes to his work place by bus. (by / on)
4. The cricket ball was hidden among the leaves. (among / between)
5. Mani divided his toys between his brothers and sisters. (between / among)
B. Identify the prepositions in the given sentences and underline them.
1. Riya borrowed a dress from me and lent to her friend, Mary.
2. When I moved back to the city, things had changed considerably.
3. The burglar found the keys under the pot in balcony.
4. Prabhu was hiding behind the door when his sister came looking for him.
5. My dog sat on my hat and squashed it.
C. Complete the passage by filling in appropriate prepositions from the list
(with, out, to, in, from, during, of, for, by). Some prepositions may be used more than once.
In Tamil Nadu, a very interesting form of recitation named Villupattu developed (a) during the 15th
century. Villupattu means bow-song because a bow-shaped musical instrument (b) with strong high tension
string is used (c) for placing it (d) in an earthen pitcher. It is believed that this narrative form was an invention
(e) of Arasa Pulavar. The troupe gives its performance mostly (f) during temple festivals. There are seven to
eight persons in a troupe who form a kind (g) of chorus that supports the man singer-narrator. When the chief
narrator sings, the chorus takes (h) out the refrain (i) of the song and repeates it in unison. The whole party sits
(j) in the ground and performs (k) on a lot (l) of gesticulation and facial expression to suit the narrative they
have taken. The ballad style songs are composed (m) of the rural dialect which appeals (n) to the audience who
sometimes join the troupe (o) with suitable notes or words. 16
D. Frame sentences using the prepositional phrases given in the box. (TB-15)
benefit from He gets benefits from the government. pay for He paid for our lunch.
stand in Please stand in queue. rely on We rely on the latest news.
stay at I stay at hostel for a week. joke about We always joke about old times.
go into They go into nursing. consist of The book consists of 100 pages.
prepare for I prepare for my exams. attend to I attend to many things.

E. Given below is a picture of a carnival. Complete the factual description by filling in

the blanks with appropriate prepositions.
Fairs and festivals form an integral part of the culture of Tamil Nadu. They are an excellent platform to
promote and preserve the vibrant art and culture of the Tamils.
A thiruvizha (festival) is a source of excitement and thrill for villagers. The village thoroughfare wears a
festive look, as the open spaces are cleaned, spruced up and decorated (a) with colourful streamers.
People throng the premises (b) to catch a glimpse (c) of their village deity (d) on a magnificently decorated
chariot, and pay their respects. There is a big crowd (e) in the food stalls that serve free piping hot
sakkaraipongal (sweet pongal), lemon rice and curd rice.
People (f) from nearby villages and towns display their wares attractively, and call out loudly (g) to the
people (h) to buy their wares. Cotton candy, cut raw mangoes smothered (i) with salt and chilly powder, boiled
groundnuts, murukku, sweets, buttermilk etc are sold. Men, women, grandmas, grandpas and little children
dressed (j) in their best clothes, enjoy the Thiruvizha greatly.
You can hear the shrieks (k) of happy children enjoying the rides on ferris wheels and carousels, elders
looking (l) at each other with smiles on their faces.
The entire day is spent (m) on fun and gaiety. All the village people irrespective of their age, look forward
(n) to the thiruvizha every year.

You stayed with your grandparents at your native village during Pongal. You had an unforgettable time
with them. You visited the village fair and enjoyed the simple pleasures of life like bathing in the river,
strolling in the fields, eating food cooked in earthen utensils over firewood, sleeping on a cot on the terrace
under the star-lit sky, visiting temple fairs and watching Karagattam presentation. (TB-16)
F. Write a letter to your friend, describing the joy of celebrating festivals in a village.
18, MMP Nagar,
Madrurai - 625019.
12th June 2018.
Dear Varsha,
I am fine. I hope this letter finds you in best of health. I am very happy to describe you about
celebration of festivals in my village. In my village, festival celebrations are held in a grand manner. I visited
the village fair and enjoyed the simple pleasures of life like bathing in the river, strolling in the fields,
eating food cooked in earthen utensils over firewood, sleeping on a cot on the terrace under the star-lit sky,
visiting temple fairs and watching Karagattam presentation. It is an unforgettable moment of my life. My parents
also enjoyed it a lot. If it’s possible, kindly join with me next time.
Yours lovingly,
Address on the envelope:
88, MKP Nagar, Chennai - 600019. 17
G. Your class has to stage a Puppet Show in the Assembly Open Forum on the topic ‘Child Labour’.
Divide yourselves into groups and discuss the requirements for the presentation like storyline,
characters, dialogues, choice of puppets and music for the interlude. Now complete the dialogues
given below.
Ramesh : Let us present a Puppet Show on CHILD LABOUR for Assembly Open Forum.
Mohammed : That is a very good idea! Let us start planning right away.
Geetha : Shall we start making puppets first?
Leema : I suggest we begin with the story line first.
Mani : How many characters we can have?
Ramesh : We can have around five characters.
Mohammed : What are the aspects can we focus?
Meena : We can focus on the problems of poverty and illiteracy as the major reasons for child labour.
Ramesh : Can we buy puppets from outside?
Leena : I am good at making stick puppets. I will make them myself. But I require some help.
Mani : I will help you Leema. Tell me, when?
Leema : Thank you, Mani. Let us stay back after the meeting and discuss.
Ramesh : Have you got any idea for the interlude?
Meena : I think we should have some music for the interlude.
Geetha : That would make it really interesting. I will get music group to start working on the tunes for
our puppet show.
H. Now you are ready to start writing your script for Bommalattam on ‘Child Labour’. (TB-17)
Once, there was a child named Ram who lived in a shop but was not able to buy it because she didn’t have any
village called Namakkal. The child worked in a small money. That was the day Ram would receive his salary. He
restaurant near his village. Ram’s family was not very well bought the young girl a chocolate. Suddenly the old man
off. His father used to drink a lot and his mother begged in appeared again and said that he had passed in the first test
the streets. He had a sister who wanted to study in school and now he has to be ready for the second test. He
but she couldn’t as they had no money. All the burdens of disappeared this time too.
his family were put on Ram but he never lost hope and
worked hard every day. He always believed that one day he A few days later when Ram came to work he saw
will make his family proud. a child lying on the road, he was starving and on the brink
of death. Ram was confused because he had to pay his
He worked hard every day until he got enough electricity bill that day, but he also wanted to help the child.
money to feed his family. But his job was not good enough. So he paid his electricity bill and with the money that was
Many years passed this way and he was only able to left he bought food for the boy. The old man appeared again
provide food to his family but any other need could not be and told Ram that he had passed all the tests.
fulfilled. One day he was going to work as usual and while
he was returning from work, he saw an old man coughing And now he could wish for one thing that he
and he was lying on the floor and not able to walk. As he wanted. So Ram immediately told, “I want only one thing
was very caring he went to the old man to help him walk. and that is for child labour to be abolished from this world”
The old man was very happy and he suddenly changed into and then the old man said, “Okay, I will do it.”
a God and he told the boy that he was very kind and that he The next day everything changed. Ram found that
would be tested before he would be granted any wish that all his friends who were working in factories, shops and
he wanted to see fulfilled. The old man suddenly hotels had started to go to school.
Moral- We should never lose hope, one day we
The next day while Ram went to work he saw a will achieve our goal.
young girl who was sad as she wanted a chocolate from the 18
(xU gdpg;nghopAk; khiyapy; tdhe;jpuj;jpd; ,ilNa epw;wy;)
Robert Frost

About the Author: Mrphpah; Fwpg;g[

Robert Frost (1874-1968) was an OXLƫy ~OXˆy ( 1874 - 1968 ) ?¯ 6]MƬtB BTŽFƫ.
American poet noted for his realistic 8Tƫ BYOXM~©P TX…_Tt”PY{¢ IK¢ BTŽ_IBRƒ,
description of rural life. Born on 26 March ]M€NXK DY{IƬ~©B_R ]D€ITƫ. 26 khu;r; 1874 Mk;
1874, he spent his first 40 years as an gpwe;j ,tu; jd; tho;tpd; Kjy; 40 Mz;Lfs;
unknown entity. He received four Pulitzer gpugykw;wtuhfj;jhd; ,Ue;jhu;. 8Tƫ IK¢
prizes for poetry and was a special guest at BTŽ_IB¶tBXB, JX}” «_P ©QYyDƫ TŽ¯¢ ]T}PTƫ.

President John. F. Kennedy’s inauguration. mnkupf;f mjpgu; [hd; vg;. nfd;dbapd; gjtpNaw;G
tpohtpw;F rpwg;G tpUe;jpdhuhf miof;fg;gl;ltu;. 8Tƫ,
Frost became a poetic force and the
6]MƬtB ^ID{IY} kiwKfkhd muritf; ftpQuhf
unofficial poet Laureate of the United States.
,Ue;jhu;. 8TO¢ DYQ «tBYN BTŽ_IB„ ' LNH ]DƒQXI
Some of his famous works are The Road Not 6|I DX_Q' , ' ^M‚BYƒ @ž DY² @_G' '˜T_O DƬ
Taken, West Running Brook, Mending Wall, ]D€Iƒ' ' 7~LŽ„B„ ^DBƬ{I LŽ}©' ^LX}P_TNX”.
After Apple Picking etc.

8|ItBTŽ_I , JX}” 6œBRXB , JX}” ]D€­„B„ ]BXzGIXB :„R¢. 8T‚PYƒ, <¢_B,
^MX_K JN« 6_M|¢„R¢. ?¯ LŽONXHŽ, LK ]LXSY­ TK{IY} ;GXB :„^R ]Dƒ´BYPX}.
6T}, 6|I ^JO{IYƒ, LK ]LXSY­ 6|I 6¯_MNXK MX_Q. 6~]LX¸_I­, 8¯„ ]BXxD
”IY_ONŽ} B¸{IYƒ :„R ^IXƒ TXƬƒ :„R MHŽB„ D~I <¸~©BY}PK. 8|I «OzLXž •ƫ|¢
^JXtB{ItB¢. BTŽFƫ BTŽ_INŽ} B_GDY ]D€­Rƒ, ]DXƒ´
“' JX} :Pu” «} LQ _MƒB„ ]DƒQ ^Tzž.
JX} :Pu” «} LQ _MƒB„ ]DƒQ ^Tzž. "
<}P TƬB¶t” 8Ozž ]LX¯„ ]DXƒQ~LžBYP¢.
1. JX} 8}§ LQ _Mƒ £O LNH ]DƒQ ^Tzœ­„R¢.
2. ':Pu”Iƒ' <}L¢ MOH{_It ”PYtBYP¢. <K^T, JX} 8Pt” «}LXB ]D€N ^TzœN
]DNƒB„ =OXR :„RK <}² 6ƫ{I ]BX„RQX.

POEM LINES jkpohf;fk;
Whose woods these are I think I know. 8|I TKX|IYO NX¯_GN]I}² JX} 6PY^T}.
His house is in the village though; 6Tƫ 8u” :„R Tyœƒ
“ IX} 8¯tB ^Tzž.
He will not see me stopping here 6TO¢ TKX|IYO LKNXƒ JYO©T_I JX}
To watch his woods fill up with snow. LXƫ{ILœ 8u” JY‚L_I 6Tƫ 6PYN MXyGXƫ.

My little horse must think it queer 8†TXzœ} MYB~]L¯ 8¯„ Lœ|I MX_Q ^T_RNŽƒ,
To stop without a farmhouse near TKX|IYO{IY‚”, :_P|I ”R{IY‚” 8_GNŽƒ,
Between the woods and frozen lake 6¯BYƒ ?¯ Lz_H Tž
“ 8ƒQXMƒ 8¯t” ^LX¢,
The darkest evening of the year. <} ]DNƒ TŽ^KXIMXK¢ <K <} ”IY_O <zHŽNŽ¯tB ^Tzž. 107

He gives his harness bells a shake I} B¸{IYƒ 8¯t” TXƬƒ :„R MHŽB_R ”´tBYNLœ,

To ask if there is some mistake. =^I§ IT² JG|IY¯tBYPIX <}² 6¢ ^ByBYP¢.

The only other sound’s the sweep 8u” ^By” 8}]KX¯ D{I, ]MƒQYN BX‚²
Of easy wind and downy flake. T˜
“ D~I«, LK ]LXSY­ D{I«.

The woods are lovely, dark and deep. TKX|IOuB„ 6SBX­, 8¯RX­ , 6Gƫ{IYNX­ :„RK.
But I have promises to keep, <K§, JX} JY_P^T‚P :„R BG_MB„ <Mt”zž.
And miles to go before I sleep, JX} :Pu” «} LQ _MƒB„ ]DƒQ ^Tzž.
And miles to go before I sleep. JX} :Pu” «} LQ _MƒB„ ]DƒQ ^Tzž.

Poem by Robert Frost Travelling in Horse Evening time

Woods with Snowfall Farm House Famous lines (Last 4)


A. Memories the poem Stopping by woods on a a) Who is the speaker
Snowy Evening. (TB-19) The poet (Robert Frost) is the speaker.
B. Read the following lines and answer the b) Why should the horse think it queer?
following questions. It should think it queer to stop without a
1. He will not see me stopping here farm house near.
To watch his woods fill up with snow c) Pick out the rhyming words
a) Who does 'he' refer to? queer - near
He refers to the land owner.
3. He gives his harness bells a shake
b) Identify the season with these lines.
To ask if there is some mistake
The season is 'winter'.
a) Whom does 'he' refer to in these lines?
2. My little horse must think inqueer
He refers to the horse.
To stop without a farm house near. 108

b) Why does 'he' give his harness bells a Additional appreciations questions
6. Whose woods these are I think I know
He gives his harness bells a shake to get
His house is in the village though
his master's attention.
a) Who does ‘I’ refer to?
c) How does the horse communicate with
‘I’ refers to the poet (Robert Frost).
b) Where is the house?
It communicates with the bell sound.
The house is in the village.
4. The woods are lovely, dark and deep
7. Between the woods and frozen lake
But I have promises to keep
The darkest evening of the year.
a) How are the woods?
a) How is the lake?
The woods are lovely dark and deep.
The lake is frozen.
b) Who does 'I' refer to?
b) What does the poet see near?
I refers to the poet (Robert Frost).
The poet sees a farm house near.
c) What are the promises the speaker is
c) Who stands between the woods and
talking about?
frozen lake?
The speaker is talking about duties to do
The poet on his horse stands between the
before his death.
woods and frozen lake.
5. And miles to go before I sleep d) What is the specialty of the day?
And miles to go before I sleep The day is the darkest evening of the
a) Why has the poet repeated the last line? year.
The poet repeated the last line to make a 8. The only other sound's the sweep
strong claim. of easy wind and downy flake
b) Explain: miles to go before I sleep. a) Describe the sounds in the poem
The poet has so many duties in his life. The sounds of wind and snow.
He wants to complete all before his b) Explain downy flake.
death. Snow is falling as downy flake.

C. Complete the summary of the poem by filling in the blanks. (TB-20)

After a long travel the poet entered a wood. He wondered to whom the wood is!. He realized
that the owner of the wood lived in a farm house. He was happy that owner would not be able to
see him stopping in his woods to watch snow fill woods. The poet felt that the horse would think it
very queer to stop near the wood he had never done. He was actually standing between the woods
and frozen lake. The time was evening. The horse indicated that the poet has made a mistake by
shaking his head. The poet felt that woods are lovely, dark and deep. He suddenly realized that he
had worldly life which would not allow him to stay in the woods for a long time.
D. Answer the questions in three or four sentences:
1. What information does the poet highlight about the season and the time of the day in the
The season is winter. Snow falling fills up the woods. The time of day is evening. That
evening is the darkest evening of the year. 109

2. In which way is the reaction of the speaker different from that of the horse? What does it
The poet loved the nature, dark wood, snow fall. But the society would condemn stopping
in others' land. The speaker describes society's reproach to the horse.
3. What are the sounds heard by the poet?
The poet hears harness bells of his horse, the sounds of sweeping wind and snow fall.
4. The poet is aware of two choices. What are they? What choice does he make ultimately?
First one is, stay in the deep and dark woods with snow. The second one is going far in his
life as the society moves him. The poet chooses the second one.
5. Pick out words from the poem that bring to mind.
And miles to go before I sleep.
And miles to go before I steep.
E. Identify the rhyme scheme used in each stanza.
Stanza rhyme scheme
1. aaba
2. aaba
3. aaba
4. aaaa
F. Complete the table by identifying lines against the poetic devices from the poem
Alliteration Watch his woods
Personification He gives his harness bells a shake my little horse must think it queer
And miles to go before I sleep
And miles to go before I sleep
Imagery But I have promises to keep

G. Answer the following questions in a paragraph about 80 - 100 words. (TB-21)
1. It is said that, "the choices made by one, shapes one's destiny" the theme of choice is
important throughout this poem.
Poem : Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
Poet : Robert Frost
Characters : Robert Frost, Frost’s Horse
Theme : Keeping Promises
Frost travelled through woods in his horse The woods were filled with snowfall

Attracted by the silence of the surroundings He stopped his horse and enjoyed the woods

Decided to spend his time there Conscious tickled to complete his works before death 110

Robert Frost travelled through woods in his horse once. It was an evening time. It was the
darkest evening of the year. The woods were filled with snowfall. He stopped his horse near the
woods. His horse shook its head. Because it was not their usual route and there was no farm house
nearby. He was attracted by the deep, dark silence of his surroundings. He decided to spend his
time there. His conscious tickled him that he has to complete a lot of works before his death. The
speaker choice is to enjoy the beauty and peace of the snowy woods but the society condemns it. He
continues his journey.

H. Work in pairs and discuss the factors that contribute towards making a choice and make a
presentation to the class.
Student 1 : Shall we discuss the factors that contribute towards making a choice?
Student 2 : This is a good topic. It is the need of the hour.
Student 3 : In this competitive world, we should be aware of making choice.
Student 4 : Choices won’t come to us, we should create it.
Student 5 : If one want to be successful in life, he/she should create a good choices.
Student 1 : We should live our life by choices not by chances.
Student 2 : Time is the most essential factor towards choice.
Student 3 : Not only time but also family background.
Student 4 : Don’t forget education my friend.
Student 5 : Whatever we do, the society is the most influential factor.

Key points: (Useful for all the Paragraph Questions)

h Frost travelled through woods in his horse.
h The woods were filled with snowfall.
h He stopped his horse and enjoyed the woods.
h He was attracted by the silence of the surroundings.
h He decided to spend his time there.
h Conscious tickled him to complete his work before death.

Use Exercise Book

for Self Testing 111

(nghwhik gpbj;j mz;iltPl;Lf;fhud;)
ikaf;fUj;J :
JƒQ :„R ]BXzGTƫB¶t” <ƒQX^M BY_Gt”. 6TƫB„ , ^BRXM^Q BY_Gt”. 7KXƒ, ?¯

; Jizg;ghlj;jpd; jkpohf;fk;
PAGE – 22 jahuhFjy;
Warm up
Discuss the following. gpd;tUtdtw;iwf; fye;JiuahLf.
1. Ratan Tata, Azim Premji are a few rich m) ,uj;jd; lhlh> Mrpk; gpNuk;[p MfpNahu; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f
people of India who spend a part of ,e;jpa gzf;fhuu;fspy; xUtuhf ,Ue;jhYk;
mtu;fspd; nry;tj;jpd; xU gFjpia Nritf;fhfg;
their wealth on charity. What
gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdu;. ve;jg; gz;G mtu;fis
influences them to share and care for kw;wtu;fSld; jq;fs; nry;tj;ijg; gfpu kw;Wk;
others? mtu;fs; kPJ mf;fiwr; nrYj;j J}z;baJ?
2. Think of any undesirable quality that
M) ePq;fs; iftpl epidf;Fk; VNjDnkhU tpUk;gj;jfhj
you would like to get rid of and gz;igg; gw;wp ez;gu;fSld; tpthjp.
discuss it with your friends? ,) cq;fSf;F nry;yg; gpuhzpfisg; gpbf;Fkh? Vd;?
c. Do you like pets? Why?
Fzq;fs;; tho;it vg;gb khw;wpaJ vd;w ,U Rw;wj;jhiug;
Now read the Japanese folk tale about two
gw;wpa xU [g;ghdpa ehl;Lg;Gwf;fijia ,g;nghOJ
neighbours and how their character gbf;fTk;.
changed their lives.
In the old, old days, there lived an «}]KX¯ BXQ{IYƒ, ?¯ ^Jƫ_MNXK MKI}, I} M_KTŽ­G}
honest man with his wife, who had a pet TX…|¢ T|IX}. 6T} ?¯ JX_N _T{IY¯|IX}. 6|I JX€t” ,
dog, which they used to feed with fish
M‘ } M‚² I} D_MNQ_PNŽƒ :„R MYvD«„R
and tit-bit from their own kitchen. One
:H_T~^LXžTX}. ?¯ JX„, 6|I TNIXKTƫB„, ^IXyG{IYƒ
day, as the old folks went out to work
in their garden, the dog went with them, ^T_Q ]D€N~^LXKXƫB„. 6|I ]DƒQ~LŽOXHŽ JX­
and began playing about. All of a sudden, 6TƫB¶G} ]D}² 6uBYMYu” TŽ_RNXœN¢. IY]O}²,
the dog stopped short, and began to bark, 6uBY¯|I JX€ @ƬG{IYƒ JY}², ”_OtB 7OLŽ{I¢. " ]Ld, ]Ld,
“Bow, wow, wow!” wagging his tail
]JX† ! " <}² IK¢ TX_Q LQMXB 7yœNLœ^N D{IMXB

The old people thought that there must 6|I TNIXKTƫB„, 6|I MO{IY} 6œNŽƒ, DX~LŽžTI‚”
be something nice to eat under the ground, 6¯_MNXK :Hº 8¯tB ^Tzž <}² <zHŽKXƫB„.
so they brought a spade and began digging, <K^T 6TƫB„ ?¯ Mz]Tyœ_N ]BXzž T|¢, 6|I 8G{IYƒ
when, lo and behold! The place was full of ^IXzœKƫ. 6^IX, 6|I 8G{IYƒ, ªMY «¸tB IuB JXHNuB¶,
gold pieces and silver, and all sorts of
]T„R­, TŽ_Q MIY~L‚P LQ ]LX¯„B¶ ©_I|¢ BYG|IK.
precious things, which had been buried
<K^T, 6TƫB„, 6|I~©_IN_Q <ž{¢t]BXzž, =_S
there. So, they gathered the treasure and
after giving alms to the poor, bought MtB¶t” IƫM ]D€I LŽP”, IuB¶t]B}² ]Jƒ

themselves rice-fields and corn-fields, and TNƒB_R­, MtBXt^DXR TNƒB_R­ TŽ_Qt”

became wealthy people. TXuBYt]BXzž TDIYNXKTƫBRXBYTŽyGKƫ. 234

Now, in the neighbouring house there 6TƫBR¢ Tyœ}
“ 6¯^B, ?¯ ^LOX_D LŽœ{I, B¯MY{IK
dwelt a covetous and stingy old couple, ]BXzG TNIXK BHT} , M_KTŽ 8¯Tƫ TX…|¢ T|IKƫ.
who when they heard what had 6TƫB„, 8|I DLT{_It^ByG LŽ}©, <}K JG|I¢ <}²
happened, came and borrowed the dog
^B„TŽ~Lyž, 6|I JX_N 8OTƒ TXuBYt]BXzž IuB„
and having taken him home, prepared a
“ ]BXzž T|¢, 6I‚”, JƒQ TŽ¯|¢ L_G{¢, 6IKG -
great feast for him, and said— “If you
please, Mr. Dog, we should be much -" IY¯TXRƫ, JX€ 6TƫB^R ! <|I 8G{IYƒ LH 8¯tBYP]I}²
obliged to you if you would show us a INº ]D€¢, J“ <uB¶t” ]DXƒQ ^Tzž," <}PXƫB„.
place with plenty of money in it.”
The dog, however, who up to that time had IK¢ ©IYN <EMXKƫBRGMY¯|¢, DuBYQY­ , TDºB_R­ Myž^M
received nothing but cuffs and kicks from LXƫ{IY¯|I 6|I JX­, 6TƫB„ IKt” «}© _TtB~LyG
his hosts, would not eat any of the dainties 6¯_MNXK :HºB„ <_I­^M DX~LŽGXMƒ 8¯|I¢. 6IKXƒ,
which they set before him; so, the old 6|I ^LOX_D ]BXzG TNIXKTƫB„ ^BXLM_G|¢, 6|I JXNŽ}
people began to get cross, and, putting a B¸{IYƒ ?¯ BNŽ_PtByœ, 6_I ^IXyG{¢t”„ ]BXzž
rope around the dog’s neck, led him out ]D}PKƫ. 7KXƒ, 6IKXƒ ?¯ LN§ 8ƒ_Q. 6|I JX€ , I}KXƒ
into the garden. But it was all in vain; let <†TRº «œ­^MX , 6|I 6Rºt” 6TƫB_R 8¸{¢v]D}P¢.
them lead him where they might, not a 7KXƒ, 6¢ <|I ?¯ D{I« <¸~LXMƒ, " ]Ld, ]Ld" <}]PƒQX
sound would the dog utter, he had no
“bow-wow” for them. At last, however, the
LŽœ{I¢. <K^T, 6|I 8G{IYƒ IX}, 6IYƫ‡G 8¯tB ^Tzž]M}²
dog stopped at a certain spot, and began
<zHŽN 6|I TNIXKTƫB„, 6|I 8G{_I^IXzœ~LXƫtB , 6|I
to sniff. So, thinking that this must surely be
8G{IYƒ ]T² Mz , £DY­, 8P|I :GƒBR} LXBuB¶
the lucky place, they dug, and found
nothing but a quantity of dirt and nasty Myž^M BYG|IK. <K^T, 6TƫB„ 6|I JX‚P{_I{IXuBYt]BX„R

offal, over which they had to hold their «œNXMƒ, ¬t_B~]LX{IYt]BX„R ^TzœNIXNŽ‚². 6IKXƒ,
noses. Furious at being disappointed, the ^BXLM_G|I 6|I TNIXKTƫB„, 6|I JX_N~LŽœ{¢, 6_It]BX}²
wicked old couple seized the dog, and killed TŽyGKƫ.
PAGE – 23 IX} 8OTQXB{I|I JX€ , IK¢ Tyžt”{IY¯LXI_ItBzG
When the good old man saw that the dog, 6|I TNIXK JƒQ MKI}, IK¢ 6¯BYƒ 8¯|I LtB{¢
whom he had lent, did not come home, TyžtBXOKG
“ ]D}², IK¢ JX€t” <}K 7K]I}² ^ByGX}.
he went next door to ask what had become 6|I TxDB <zH ]BXzG TNIXKT}, IX} 6|I
of him; and the wicked old man answered JX_Nt]BX}², 6_I _L} MO{IY} 6œNŽƒ ©_I{¢
that he had killed the dog and buried him TŽyGIXBt•PYKX}. <K^T, JƒQ <zH ]BXzG 6|I
at the root of a pine-tree; so the good old TNIXK BYST§, MKIYƒ ¢tBM_G|¢, 6|I JX€
fellow, with, a heavy heart, went to the
©_ItB~Lyœ¯|I 8G{IY‚”v]D}², 6|I JX€t”, ¯DYNXK
spot, and, having set out a tray with
:Hº, TXD_K~]LX¯„B„ 7BYNT‚_P L_GNQYyž, 6|I
delicate food, burnt incense, and
JX€ ©_ItB~LyG BƒQ_P_N MQƫBRXƒ 6QuBƬ{¢ TŽyž,
adorned the grave with flowers, as he
shed tears over his lost pet. IK¢ JX€tBXB BzH “ƫ TŽyGX}.

That night, when the good old man was 6}² 8OTŽƒ, 6|I JƒQ , TNIXK MKI} I} Lžt_BNŽƒ
fast asleep in bed, the dog appeared to him, Lž{¢tBYG|I ^LX¢, 6|I JX€ 6TKG ^IX}PY, 6T}
and, after thanking him for all his kindness, IKtBXBtBXyœN 6}LŽ‚BXB 6T§t” J}PY ]DX}K¢. LŽP”, " JX}
said— “Cause the pine-tree, under which, I ©_I­zœ¯tBYP _L} MO{_I ]Tyœ, 6_I _T{¢ ?¯ :Qt_B
am buried, to be cut down and made into a ]D€¢, 6_I~LN}Lž{IYt]BX„. 6I} ¬QMXB, 6|I :Qt_B^N
mortar, and use it, thinking of it as if it were
JX} <}² JY_K{¢t]BX„ ! " <}² ]DX}K¢.
The old man did as the dog had told him to 6|I JƒQ, TNIXK MKI§, 6|I JX€ ]DX}KLœ^N ]D€¢, 6|I
do, and made a mortar out of the wood _L} MO{_I ]Tyœ , ?¯ MO :Qt_B_Nv]D€¢, 6_It]BXzž
of the pine-tree; but when he ground his 6ƬDY ”{IYN ^LX¢, ?†]TX¯ 6ƬDY­, TŽ_Q­Nƫ|I ]LX¯RXB
rice in it, each grain of rice turned into MXPYN¢. 6_I~LtB{¢ Ty_Gv^Dƫ|I
“ ^LOX_D LŽœ{I BHT}--
some rich treasure. When the wicked old
M_KTŽ 7BY^NXƫ Bzž, 6|I MO :Qt_B_N 8OTƒ TXuBY, IuB„
couple saw this, they came to borrow the 235

mortar; but no sooner did they try to use it, Tyžt”
“ <ž{¢v]D}PKƫ. 7KXƒ, 6_I :L^NXB~Lž{I
all their rice turned into filth; so, in a fit of 7OLŽ{I¢^M, 6TƫB„ 6IYƒ 8yG 6ƬDY <ƒQX^M, ”~_LNXB
rage, they broke the mortar and burnt it. MXPYN¢. 6IKXƒ, ^BXLM_G|I 6|I TNIXKTƫB„, 6|I
But the good old man, little suspecting that :Qt_B_N <Ƭ{¢ TŽyGKƫ. 7KXƒ, JƒQ MK ]BXzG 6|I
his precious mortar had been broken and
TNIXKT} IK¢ :Qt_B :_GtB~Lyž , <ƬtB~Lyœ¯tBQX
burnt, wondered why his neighbours did
<}² D|^IB~LGXMƒ, IK¢ LtB{¢ TyžtBXO}
“ =}
not bring it back to him.
6_It]BXzž T|¢ IY¯~LŽ{IOTŽƒ_Q <}² TŽN|IX}.

Do You Know? cq;fSf;Fj; njhpAkh?

Dogs were domesticated from wolves eha;fs; Rkhh; 15000 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;G Fs;sehp $l;lj;jpy;
15,000 years ago. New evidences suggest ,Ue;J kdpjdhy; tPl;L kpUfq;fshf gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld.
that dogs were first domesticated in East eha;fs; fpof;F Mrpahtpy; Vwf;Fiwa rPdhtpy; kdpjdhy;
gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld vd;W Gjpa Mjhuq;fs; Rl;bf;fhLfpd;wd.
Asia, possibly China. Over time, hundreds
fhy Xl;lj;jpy; gytif eha; tiffs; gytpj
of breeds with great degree of variation
NtWghLfNshL ,d;W fhzg;gLfpd;wd.
have come into being.
PAGE – 24
One night the dog appeared to him again @ƬOº, 6|I JX€, 6|I JƒQ TNIXKTK} BKTŽƒ ^IX}PY,
in a dream, and told him what had happened, <}K JG|I¢ <}² ]DXƒQYN¢. 6{¢G}, <ƬtB~LyG 6|I
adding that if he would take the ashes of the :Qt_BNŽ} DXL_Q <ž{¢, BX€|¢ ^LXK MOuBRƒ
burnt mortar and sprinkle them on withered £TŽKXƒ, 6|I Lyž~^LXK MOuB„ M‘ zž :NŽƫ ]L‚²,
trees, the trees would revive, and suddenly ¢Rƫ{¢, IY]O}² 6IYƒ ªtB„ ^IX}² <}² ]DX}K¢.
put out flowers. After saying this the dream
8_Iv]DX}K LŽP”, 6|I BKº «œ|I¢. 6|I JƒQ
vanished, and the old man, who heard for
TNIXKT}, IK¢ :Qt_B_N 8S|I_I 6~^LX¢ IX}
the first time of the loss of his mortar, ran
^B„TŽ~LyGX}. 6T}, 6¸ILœ^N, IK¢ LtB{¢ Tyžt”
“ @œ,
off weeping to the neighbours’ house, and
6|I TyžtBXOKG,
“ <~LœNXT¢, IK¢ ]DƒTMXBYN 6|I
begged them, at any rate, to give him back
the ashes of his treasure. :Qt_BNŽ}, <ƬtB~LyG DXL_QNXT¢ I¯MX² ^TzœKX}.

Having obtained these, he returned home, 6|I DXL_Q TXuBYNT}, IK¢ Tyžt”{
and made a trial of their virtues upon a I}_M_N LƬ^DXIY{¢~LXƫtB TŽ¯LŽ, 6_I ?¯ BX€|¢ ^LXK
withered cherry-tree, which, upon being
]DƫƬ MO{IY} M‘ ¢ £T, BX€|¢ ^LXK, 6|I MO, :G^K ¢Rƫ{I¢.
touched by the ashes, immediately began
to sprout and blossom. When he saw this :G^K, 6|I 6IYDN TŽ_R_TtBzG 6T}, 6|I DXL_Q ?¯
wonderful effect, he put the ashes into a •_GNŽƒ 6„Rt]BXzž, IK¢ JXž «¸T¢ ]D}², IX}
basket, and went about the country,
BX€|¢ Lyž~^LXK MOuB_R M‘ zž ¢RƫtB _TtBt•œN DtIY
announcing himself as an old man who had
the power of bringing dead trees to life TX€|IT}, <}² I}_Kt”PY{¢ LŽOˆIXL~Lž{IYKX}.
A certain prince, hearing of this, and 8_It^B„TŽ~LyG 6|JXyž 8RTOD}, 6¢ ?¯ TŽ^KXIMXK

thinking it a mighty strange thing, sent for ?}² <}² <zHŽ, BX€|¢ Lyž~^LXK ~R M‚² ]DƫƬ

the old fellow, who showed his power by MO{_I IK¢ DtIY_NtBXyœ, M‘ zž ¢RƫtB _T{¢, 6IYƒ
causing all the withered plum and cherry- ªtB„ ªtB _T{I, 6|I JƒQ MK ]BXzG
trees to shoot out and put forth flowers. TNIXKT_Kt]BXzž T¯MX² ]DX}KX}. <K^T, 6|I JƒQ
So, the prince gave him a rich reward MK ]BXzG TNIXKT§t” TŽ_Q­Nƫ|I, Lyž, ¢HŽ T_BB„,
of pieces of silk and cloth and other M‚² LQ LƬ˜B¶ ]BXž{¢ 6T_K MBY…vDY~Lž{IY
presents, and sent him home rejoicing. 6§~LŽKX}.

Do You Know? cq;fSf;Fj; njhpAkh?

Dogs in warfare have a long and checkered tuyhw;wpy; Nghh;Af;jpapy; eha;fspd; gad;ghL kpfTk;
history. From war dogs trained in combat to ePz;ljhfTk;> RturpakhdjhfTk; cs;sJ. eha;fs; Nghhpy;
Nghuhspahf nray;gl gapw;rp ngw;W rpwe;J tpsq;FtNjhL
their use as scouts, sentries and trackers,
kl;Lky;yhky;> topfhl;bfshfTk;> ghJfhtyh;fshfTk;>
their uses have been varied and some ,d;iwa etPd uhZtj;jpy; gzpfis nra;fpd;wd.
continue to exist in modern military usage. 236

As soon as the neighbours heard of this 8I} LŽ}©, 6TK¢ LtB{¢ Tyœ}
“ ]LXPX_M LŽœ{IT},
they collected all the ashes that 6T_K~L‚PYt^B„TŽ~Lyž, 6u” M‘ IY 8¯|I DXL_Q ?¯
remained, and, having put them in a •_GNŽƒ <ž{¢t]BXzž, IK¢, ^BXy_G JBO{_I TŽyž
basket, the wicked old man went out into ]TR^N ^LX€, BX€|¢ Lyž~^LXK MOuB_R, IX} ¢RƫtB
the castle town, and gave out that he _TtBt•œNT} <}², 6_TB_R M‘ zž ªtB„ ªtB
was the old man who had the power of
_TtBt•œNT} <}² ]DX}KX}. 6T}, 8RTODK}
reviving dead trees, and causing them to
6OzM_Kt” IK¢ DtIY_N BXyžLœ, 6_StB~LG J“zG
flower. He had not to wait long before he
was called into the prince’s palace, and
ordered to exhibit his power.
But when he climbed up into a withered 7KXƒ, 6T} ?¯ BX€|¢ Lyž~^LXK MO{IYƒ =PY, 6I} M‘ ¢

tree, and began to scatter the ashes, not DXL_Q{£TŽN¢, ?¯ ]MXy^GX 6ƒQ¢ ª^TX MQOTŽƒ_Q.

a bud nor a flower appeared; but the 7KXƒ, 6|I DXLƒ <ƒQX, 6¯BYƒ 8¯|I 8RTODK}

ashes all flew into the prince’s eyes and BzBR´, TXNŽ´, TŽ¸|¢ 6T_K{IYHP _T{I¢. 6|I
mouth, blinding and choking him. When
the prince’s retainers saw this, they
6T_KtBYyG{IyG :NŽ^O ^LX”MRºt” , ]D_MNXB 6œ{¢,
seized the old man, and beat him almost
:_I{¢ 6§~LŽKƫ. 6|I ]LXPX_M ]BXzG BYST§, IK¢
to death, so that he crawled off home in
LƬIXL JY_Q_NtBzž ]JX|ILœ, ]M¢TXB ;ƫ|¢, IK¢ Tž
a very sorry plight. When he and his wife
^JXtBYv]D}PX}. 6T§, 6TK¢ M_KTŽ­ <{I_BN
found out what a trap they had fallen into,
DYtB´t”„ MXyœt]BXzœ¯tBY^PX <}L_I <zHŽN ^LX¢,
they stormed and scolded themselves.
6TƫB„ IuB_R^N ]JX|¢ ]BXzGKƫ.

The good old man and woman, as soon 7KXƒ, 6|I JƒQ <zH ]BXzG 6|I TNIXK BYST§,

as they heard of their neighbours’ 6TK¢ M_KTŽ­ , IuBR¢ LtB{¢ TyžtBXOK}

“ ¢}L

distress, sent for them, and, after JY_Q_NtBzž, 6TƫB_R{IuB„ Tyžt”t•~LŽyž

“ 6§~LŽ,

reproving them for their greed and 6TƫBR¢ ]LXPX_M M‚² ]BXŸO ”H{IY‚BXB

cruelty, gave them a share of their own 6TƫB_RtBzœ{¢ TŽyž, IXuB„ ^Dƫ{I ]DƒT{IYƒ ?¯

riches, which, by repeated strokes of luck, L”IY_N, 6|I LtB{¢ TyžtBXOƫBRG

“ ]BXž{¢ TŽyGKƫ. 6|I

had now increased to a goodly sum. So, the JƒQ MK ]BXzG TNIXKTƫBR} ]DƒT^MX, 6I‚”„

wicked old people mended their ways, and L}MGu” ]L¯BY TŽyG¢. <K^T, 6|I TxDB <zH ]BXzG

led good and virtuous lives ever after. 6|I TNIXKTƫB„ IuB„ TSYB_R MX‚PYt]BXzž, LŽ}©, ^JƬN
, JƒQ TSYNŽƒ JƒTX…º TX…|IKƫ.


The oldman and the dog Treasure The Neighbour 237


Killed the Dog Pine Tree Trees with Flowers

A. Identify the characters or speaker of the following lines: (TB- 25)

1. They gathered the treasure. - The honest couple
2. The pine tree under which, I am buried, to be cut down and made into a mortar. - The dog
3. They dug, and found nothing but a quantity of dirt and nasty offal. - The wicked couple
4. He had not to wait long before he was called into the prince’s palace, and ordered to exhibit his power.
- The wicked old man
5. BOW, WOW, WOW! - The Dog
Additional Questions:
1. He had a pet dog - An honest man
2. He found treasure with help of him - The Dog
3. They came and borrowed the dog - The wicked old man
4. He was given rich food. - The Dog
5. They had killed the dog - The wicked couple
6. He adorned the dog's grave with flowers - The honest old man
7. He made a mortar with the pine tree - The honest old man
8. The mortar was burnt by him - The wicked old man
9. The dog appeared to him again in a dream - The honest man
10. He punished the wicked old man - the prince

B. Based on your understanding of the story choose the right answers from the given options.
1. The old farmer and his wife loved the dog. a) because it helped them in their day-to-day work
b) as if it was their own baby c) as they were kind to all living beings
2. When the old couple became rich, they
a) gave the dog better food b) invited their greedy neighbours to a feast
c) lived a comfortable life and were generous towards their poor neighbours
3. The greedy couple borrowed the mill and the mortar to make
a) rich pastry and bean sauce b) magic ash to win rewards c) a pile of gold 238

Additional Questions:
4. The old couple worked _____
a) in their garden b) in their factory c) in their house
5. They digging the land they found _____ in their garden.
a) gold pieces and silver b) Iron bars c) copper coins
6. After getting the treasure they bought _____ and _____
a) rise and vegetables b) Meat and rise c) rice fields and cornfields
7. Their neighbouring old couple are _____
a) good persons b) covetous and stingy c) generous couple
8. A covetous and stingy old couple came and borrowed _____
a) some money b) some rise c) the dog
9. The wicked old couple found in their luck place _____ a) a quantity of dirty and nasty offal
b) a quantity of diamonds and gold c) a quantity of money and silver
10. The wicked couple killed the dog because ____ a) They got angry with him
b) The dog bit everyone c) their desires did not fulfilled through the dog
11. There is a ______ tree grew at the buried place of the dog
a) Neem tree b) Teak tree c) Pine tree
12. The honest man made _____ with the pine tree.
a) a doll b) a mortar c) a table
13. When old man ground his rice in the mortar each grain office turned into some _____
a) rich treasure b) ground as flour c) the mortar langed over.
14. Dogs were domesticated from _____ 15000 years ago.
a) tigers b) wolves c) lions
15. What had happened to the mortar? a) The mortar was remaked with gold
b) the mortar was burnt by the wicked couples c) the mortar was not found
16. The honest old man was received a message from his dog as _____
a) to collect age of the mortar b) to collect dirt of the area c) to collect ash of his ancestors
17. The old man used the age upon being _____
a) sicked people b) withered plants and trees c) young children
18. The prince punished the wicked old man for ____
a) theft b) flowing ashes in to the field with not use c) flowing ashes into the prince's eyes.
19. The old man gave share of their own to the ___
a) the prince b) the wicked old couple c) the dog
20. Atlast the old couple mended their ways and led good and _____ lives ever after.
a) virtuous b) criminal c) genious

C. Answer the following questions in a paragraph of about 80 to 100 words. (TB-26)

1. The old farmer was a kind person. Justify the statement with suitable examples from the story.

Lesson : The Envious Neighbour

Author : Anonymous
Theme : Helping others
Characters : Old man and woman, Neighbours, Dog 239

The old man had a pet dog He got treasure with dog’s help

The neighbour burnt his mortar also He lend the dog to his neighbour and he killed it

The old man did not get angry He rescued and shared his wealth with him
The old man had a pet dog. He gave food to the dog. The dog was very loyal. He got treasure.
He helped the poor. He lends his dog to his neighbour. Even the neighbour killed the dog he did not
get angry. Then he gave the mortar to his neighbour. His neighbour burnt the mortar. The honest
old man did not get angry. He was simple hearted. He had taken the ashes of the mortar and
travelling all over the country to spray the ashes upon withered plants and trees. His neighour was
punished by the prince. He rescued the neighbour and gave a share of his wealth. So the honest old
man was a kind person.
Moral : Good and virtuous lives ever after
2. How did the dog help the farmer even after its death?
The dog was killed by neighbours of the honest man. The dog did not shown the treasure he
only shown dirt nasty offal. So his neighour killed and buried the dog. The dog appeared on the
farmer’s dream and said to cut the pine tree of his buried place and to make a mortar. When the
honest man grounded his rice in it, each grain of rice turned into some rich treasure. The mortar
was burnt. The dog appeared again in his dream and told him to collect the ashes and spray upon
the plants. He collected ashes of the mortar and spray upon the withered plants and trees. The plant
got relief. Then he became very rich. It helped him even after death because he treated it kindly
even after its death.
3. Why did the Prince reward the farmer but punish the neighbour for the same act?
The honest old man who showed his power by causing all the withered plum and cherry
trees to shoot out and put forth flowers. So the prince gave him a rich reward of pieces of silk
and cloth and other presents and sent him home rejoicing.
His neighbour collected all the ashes and gave out that he was the old man who had the power of
reviving dead trees, and causing them to flower. He climbed up into a withered tree and began to
scatter the ashes, not a bud not a flower appeared. But the ashes all flew into the prince's eyes and
mouth, blinding and chocking him. So the prince punished him.
4. Bring out the difference between two neighbours with suitable examples to support your view.
The honest old man:
He was a kind man. He helped all. He loved all even animals and plants. He gave his dog to his
neighbour. The dog was killed by his neighbour. He did not get angry. His mortar was burnt by his
neighbour. He did not get angry. At last he gave a share of his wealth to his neighbour. 240

The wicked old man:
He was naturally a convert outstand stingy. He killed his neighbour's dog without his
knowledge. He burnt his neighbour's mortar deliberately. These incidents showed he was cruel. At
last he copied his neighbour's act of spraying ashes upon the withering plants and trees. His work
failed due to his fakeness. So the prince punished him.

Key points: (Useful for all the Paragraph Questions)

h A pet dog brought treasure to an honest couple.
h It did not bring wealth to wicked couple.
h They killed and buried it under a pine tree.
h The honest couple made mortar using the pine tree.
h It turned each grain into treasure.
h For the wicked couple, it gave filth only.
h The broke and burnt it into ashes.
h Honest couple - The ashes turned the withered trees alive.
h The prince rewarded them.
h Wicked couple-the ashes flew into the prince’s eyes.
h They were punished.
D. Refer to what happens in the folktale and complete the story with the help of the hints
given in the mind map.

1. There lived an honest man with his wife, who had

a favourite dog, he helped them Got a treasure.

2. There dwelt a covetous and stingy old man

and woman found nothing.

3. The wicked old couple seized the dog, and

buried at the roof of a pine tree.

4. They broke up the mortar and burnt.

5. They collected all the ashes that remained

and having put them in a basket. 241