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TYPES OF TEXT

NARRATIVE TEXT EXAMPLE

Lowell Thomas in The Boys' Life of Colonel Lawrence

On another of these desert journeys Lawrence was captured by a band of Kurd robbers. They took him to
their secret refuge, high up on a mountain top. They put him in a hut and left two of their men to guard
him, while the rest of the band went off on another expedition. One afternoon the Kurd sentries were
separated, one remaining inside with him and the other sitting outside in the sun. It was a very hot day.
The Kurds had had their lunch, and the man on the outside had fallen asleep. The other sentry happened
to turn his back, and as he did so Lawrence jumped on him and overpowered him. He did this without
making enough noise to arouse the second man. Then he went out and disposed of the sleeper. The only
approach to this rocky mountain top was up a narrow, winding, precipitous path. Lawrence now had two
rifles and plenty of ammunition. Hiding himself at a strategic point, he picked off the rest of the band of
robbers as they came up that evening.

EXPOSITORY TEXT EXAMPLE

Raymond R. Camp in The Young Sportsman's Guide To Canoeing

An important technique to learn first is how to enter the canoe. This craft, with the stern resting on the
shore, and the bow in the water, is in its most unstable position. The stern paddler first steadies the canoe.
He places one foot on either side of the stern, pressing with his knees to hold it firmly. Then he grabs
either gunwale (i.e. top edge of a canoe) with his hands, approximately eighteen inches forward. The bow
paddler then steps to the center of the canoe just forward of the stern seat with one foot, then moves
forward, bent at right angles from the waist. Sliding his hands forward on either gunwale, he moves to the
bow seat. His hands do not leavethe gunwales until he is seated. He then sits immovable while the stern
paddler places one foot into the canoe just forward of of his seat, grasps the gunwales, and thrusts the
canoe gently out into the water with the other leg. With the canoe in motion he brings his other leg into
the canoe. If this seems time-consuming and silly to you, watcch a pair of northwoods voyageurs who
have spent their lives in a canoe. You will find that they follow this procedure automatically, not because
the book says so, but because they have learned through experience that this is the easiest and safest
method.

JOURNALISTIC TEXT EXAMPLE

Do your best,' Duterte tells Filipino Asian Games delegates


Dharel Placido, ABS-CBN News Posted at Aug 13 2018 07:26 PM

MANILA - President Rodrigo Duterte on Monday sent off some 335 Filipino athletes, coaches and
officials who will participate in the 18th Asian Games.

Duterte told the Philippine delegation to “do your best and do it fair and square” during the send-off
ceremony at Malacañang Palace.

“Of the millions of Filipinos, only few have been gifted with the ability and provided with the opportunity
to be part of something this big,” Duterte said.

“Remember that you do not only compete for yourselves, but you also carry the pride of your families,
communities and the entire Filipino nation.”

The President also promised the delegation that the government will "continue to support the
development of athletes and intensify commitment towards sports excellence, global competitiveness and
greater glory of your country."

The 18th Asian Games will be hosted by Indonesia from August 18 to September 2.

Out of 335 delegates, the Philippine Olympic Committee said 272 are athletes representing 31 sports with
BMX rider Daniel Caluag, the lone Filipino gold medalist during the 2014 Games in South Korea, ready
to defend his title.
Also expected to boost the team's campaign are the men’s and women’s dragon-boat teams, the women’s
softball squad and the Gilas Pilipinas men’s basketball team.

Olympic silver medalist Hidilyn Diaz of weightlifting, jujitsu specialists Meggie Ochoa and Annie
Ramirez, judokas Kiyomi Watanabe and Mariya Takahashi, and gymnast Carlos Yulo have been tagged
as medal favorites.

Among those dropped from the Asian Games-bound delegation are the 3x3 men’s basketball team and
Southeast Asian Games taekwondo champion Samuel Thomas Morrison among others.

PERSUASIVE TEXT EXAMPLE

Global Warming

There is little doubt that the planet is warming. Over the last century, the planets temperature has risen by
around 1.8 degree fahrenheit (1 degree celsius). The warmest since the mid 1800’s was the 1990s and
since then only 1998 has broken this record. The hottest years recorded were 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002,
2003. In fact 14 of the hottest years on record have been in the last 15 years.

The United Nations panel on climate change projects that the global temperatures will rise 3-10 degrees
fahrenheit by the century’s end – enough to have the polar caps all but melted. If the ice caps melt, a vast
majority of our countries borders will be under water. Monuments and great buildings, as well as homes
and lives will be under water, including New York City.

So now we know what some of the causes are for global warming, how can we as individuals do our part
to help save the planet?

The answer is simpler than you may think. You don’t have to go miles away from home to protest, or
spend masses of money. If you try to follow the few simple steps that I shall now give you, you will have
started to help us all.

Firstly, plant a tree. This could be easier than it sounds. Join or help out a local wildlife group and ask to
plant a tree. Trees, when fully grown, will help keep the planet cooler. On the same point, you could
protest against the demolition of the rainforests. This is the same principle, we need the trees to cool our
planet and yet they are chopping them down to create roads or homes.

Something as simple as walking instead of taking the car will help reduce pollution. As well as stopping
pollution, you are giving yourself exercise, something important for our bodies. So the next time you get
into your car, or your motorbike, think – do I have to make this journey by vehicle or can I walk?

When you are at home, and your getting a little cold. Put a jumper on and do not adjust the heating. The
extra heat produced by our homes also affects the planet. So try wearing an extra layer in winter.

Keeping to the speed limit can also help the environment. The more you speed the more petrol you are
going to use, making the pollution higher. Also, SUV’s make about six times their own weight in CO2
each year. A small efficient diesel car covering the same distance not only uses much less fuel; it makes
two thirds less.

If possible use solar energy, after all it is free; all you need to buy is the equipment. You can get much of
your hot water and heating from the sun and even generate electricity.

Reduce, reuse and recycle. Only buy what you need; don’t stock the cupboards with things you may or
may not use. Reuse whatever you can, like containers and paper, and recycle what you cannot reuse. It
really is as simple as that.

Finally turning off unused sources of power such as televisions and heaters will help the environment, as
well as save you money.

If everybody stuck to these rules, we would be doing a great thing by protecting the earth. So please take
into consideration what I have said, and try to do your part. After all, it will be our next generation that
will feel the effects.