Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

GRD Journals | Global Research and Development Journal for Engineering | National Conference on Emerging Research Trend in Electrical

and
Electronics Engineering (ERTE’19) | May 2019
e-ISSN: 2455-5703

Smart Incinerator
1 Kailas Narayanan A. S 2 Parvana Darly 3 Aparna P M
1,2 UG Scholar 3 Assitant Professor
1,2,3 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering
1,2,3 Adi Shankara Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kalady

Abstract

The Smart incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of substances contained in waste materials. Since
the natural degradation of plastic is impossible, the possible way of disposing the plastic waste is through 3R method, but the 3R
method has its limitations. An alternate way of disposing plastic waste is by incineration. This paper deals with the impleme ntation
of an incinerator which extracts the carbon produced from burning plastic and converts it into “carbon black”. The input to Smart
Incinerator is Plastic Waste. Burning of Plastic Wastes in Smart Incinerator produces Flue Gases - Carbon dioxide, Carbon
monoxide, etc., and ash. A Standalone web server with an ESP8266 displays the temperature with a DS18B20 temperature sensor
.There are similar devices implemented in many industries but they don’t provide any proper filtration of smoke which is prod uced
as a part of combustion.
Keyword- Smart Incinerator, IoT, Waste Management
__________________________________________________________________________________________________

I. INTRODUCTION
Waste management is the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. This includes the
collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste, together with monitoring and regulation of the waste management proce ss.
Waste management deals with all types of waste, including industrial, biological and household. Plastic is be coming a major threat
to the human race. Plastics that act as pollutants are categorized into micro -, meso-, or macro debris, based on size. Due to the
chemical structure, most of the plastics do not undergo natural processes of degradation and as a result they are slow to degrade.
Together, these two factors have led to a high prominence of plastic pollution in the environment. Here we introduce a way of
disposing plastic waste, is by incineration. This is a treatment technology involving destruction of so lid waste by controlled burning
at high temperatures. It is accompanied by the release of heat.

II. LITERATURE SURVEY


[1] “A Survey on IOT Based Smart Garbage Monitoring System” International Journal of Advance, Research Ideas and Innovations
In Technology Sayali Suryakant Chalke, Mohini Bhalerao, Swapnali Bangar. Dhanashree Gaikwad
In most of the cities the overflowed garbage bins are creating an obnoxious smell and making an unhygienic environment. And
this is leading to the rapid growth of bacteria and viruses which are causing different types of diseases. To overcome these situations
efficient garbage collection systems are getting developed based on IoT.
[2] “Survey on Municipal Waste Collection Management in Smart City” International Research Journal of Engineering and
Technology. Maya Chavan, T R Pattanshetti
The garbage management in cities should be effectively and efficiently implemented. The various proposals were put forward an d
some of them are already implemented. . A survey was done among differen t proposals and this survey paper includes survey
among different methods for smart garbage management in cities using IoT.
[3] “A Survey on FOG Computing for Smart Waste Management System”, International conference on intelligent communication
and computational technique Pooja v Garach, Rikkin Takhar
The present survey paper is to assess the various aspect of utilizing the ‘Fog’ as primary tool as an advancement to the conv entional
‘Cloud’ based waste management system and check the feasibility of its implementation taking into account the corresponding
experiences in this area.

III. M AIN PARTS


The main parts of the incinerator are Chamber, Exhaust Valve, Purifier, and NodeMCU Controller. The plastic Wastes are dumped
into the chamber. The waste is combusted inside the chamber .Burning of plastic wastes in smart incinerator produce flue gases
such as co2, co etc., and ash. A standalone web server with an ESP8266 that displays the temperature with DS18B20 temperature
sensor is also used.

All rights reserved by www.grdjournals.com 163


Smart Incinerator
(GRDJE / CONFERENCE / ERTE’19/ 035)

A. Chamber
Chamber is where the combustion of plastic waste takes place. The temperature reaches around 400degree Celsius inside the
chamber. The chamber is divided into two parts; one half of the chamber to collect waste and other to collect ash. Air valves are
provided to supply fresh air.

B. Exhaust Valve
The smoke which is produced by the incinerator is passed through the exhaust valve. Exhaust vale guide the smoke towards the
purifier were the purification process takes place.

C. Purifier
The purifier contains ethanolamine solution i.e., the absorbing agent. Absorption of carbon takes place inside the purifier a nd the
carbon black is collected from the purifier.

D. Thermal analysis
Thermal analysis of chamber is done using a software called An sys. This software is used to design products and semiconductors,
as well as to create simulations that test a product's durability, temperature distribution, fluid movements, and electromagn etic
properties.

IV. ESP8266
The ESP8266 Wi-Fi Module is a self-contained SOC with integrated TCP/IP protocol stack that can give any microcontroller
access to our Wi-Fi network. This is capable of either hosting an application or offloading all Wi-Fi networking functions from
another application processor. Each ESP8266 module comes pre-programmed with an AT command set firmware. The ESP8266
module is an extremely cost effective board with a huge, and ever growing, community.

Fig. 1: ESP8266

V. SMART INCINERATOR

Fig. 2: Block Diagram

All rights reserved by www.grdjournals.com 164


Smart Incinerator
(GRDJE / CONFERENCE / ERTE’19/ 035)

VI. EXPECTED RESULTS


Temperature is sensed using suitable sensors. Most of the ash which produced is converted into activated carbon. Smoke produced
by the combustion is purified using purifier.

VII. CONCLUSION
From this technique proper disposal of plastic is possible. This gives a solution for purifica tion of smoke. The end product of the
incinerator is carbon black which can be used as tar, a filter etc. This produces less pollution than others and more user fr iendly.
This is a portable device.

REFERENCES
[1] E Ramya,Dr. R.Sasikumar,”A survey on smart waste environment conservation and protection for waste management”,2017.
[2] Mayan Chavan,T R Pattanshetti,”Survey on municipality waste in smart city”, International research journal for engineering
and technology, Volume 05;issue 01,Jan 2018.
[3] JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2003, Etch Rates for
Micromachining Processing—Part II, Kirt R. Williams, Senior Member, IEEE, Kishan Gupta, Student Member, IEEE, and
Matthew Wasilik.
[4] Rao, K. Samba Siva, et al. "lot Based Intelligent Sanitary Napkin Disposer." Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences11.10
(2017): 32-41.
[5] Umemoto, Hiroshi, et al. "Electrostatic precipitators for cleaning diesel exhaust." Industry Applications Society Annual
Meeting, 2008. IAS'08. IEEE. IEEE, 2008.

All rights reserved by www.grdjournals.com 165