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I.

SUBJECT MATTER
TOPIC: Applications of Triangle Congruence: Isosceles Triangle Theorem
MATERIAL/S: Visual aids, Activity sheet, Ruler and protactor
REFERENCE/S:
 Lesson Guide in Geometry (Ateneo)
 Hands-On, Minds-On (Math 111)
 Grade 8 Math Textbook

II. OBJECTIVES

At the end of 55-minutes, 70% of the students with at least 75% proficiency should be able to:
A. determine that the angles opposite the congruent sides of an isosceles triangle are congruent;
B. apply the isosceles triangle theorem in finding the measure of leg and angle of an isosceles
triangle;
C. solve for the value of the variable;
D. apply knowledge on previous lessons.

III. METHODOLOGY
A. Daily Routine
B. Recall

1. Ask students to define isosceles triangle.


2. Let students name the parts of an isosceles triangle
C. Development of the Lesson

1. Students will bring out their isosceles triangle.


2. Name the cutout as ∆𝐴𝐵𝐶 with legs ̅̅̅̅ 𝐴𝐵 and ̅̅̅̅
𝐴𝐶 .
3. Measure 𝐴𝐵̅̅̅̅ and 𝐴𝐶
̅̅̅̅ . Are the two sides have the same length?
4. Identify the angles opposite the two legs.
5. Measure the angles. Are the two angles congruent?
6. Lead students to make a generalization about the angles opposite two congruent sides of a
triangle.

 ISOSCELES TRIANGLE THEOREM


If two sides of a triangle are congruent, then the angles opposite are congruent.

7. Show a two-column proof for this theorem.


Given: ∆𝐴𝐵𝐶 is an isosceles triangle with vertex A.
̅̅̅̅
𝐴𝐷 is the median of ∆𝐴𝐵𝐶.

Prove: ∠𝑩 ≅ ∠𝑪 A

B D C

STATEMENTS REASONS

1. ∆𝐴𝐵𝐶 is an isosceles triangle. Given


2. ̅̅̅̅
𝐴𝐵 ≅ ̅̅̅̅
𝐴𝐶 Definition of Isosceles
Triangle
3. ̅̅̅̅
𝐴𝐷 is the median of ∆𝐴𝐵𝐶 Given
4. 𝐵𝐷 ̅̅̅̅
̅̅̅̅ ≅ 𝐶𝐷 Definition of midpoint
5. ̅̅̅̅ ≅ 𝐴𝐷
𝐴𝐷 ̅̅̅̅ Reflexive Property
6. ∆𝐴𝐷𝐵 ≅ ∆𝐴𝐷𝐶 SSS Congruence
7. ∠𝐵 ≅ ∠𝐶 CPCTC
8. Discuss some examples.
Find the values of the variables applying isosceles triangle theorem.
a. b.

a = ____ b = ____ x = ____ y = ____

c. d.

x = ____ y = ____ x = ____ ̅̅̅̅


𝐴𝐶 = ____ ̅̅̅̅ = ____
𝑇𝐶

D. Practice Exercise
Apply the isosceles triangle theorem to find the measure of the angle and side of an
isosceles triangle. Solve for the unknown.

1. 2. 3.

a = ____ b = ____ a = ____ x = ____


∠𝐶 = ____ ∠𝑂 = ____
∠𝐵 = ____ ∠𝑀 = ____
∠𝑇 = ____

4. 5.

∠𝐶 = ____ x = ____
x = ____ w = ____
̅̅̅̅̅ = ____
𝑀𝑂 y = ____
̅̅̅̅
𝑃𝑂 = ____ z = ____

E. Summary
What have you learned in today’s lesson?
State the Isosceles Triangle Theorem.

F. Evaluation
Find the measure of the side/angle of the following isosceles triangles. Solve for the value
of the variable.
1. 2.

̅̅̅̅̅
𝑀𝑂 = ____ x = ____
∠𝑃 = ____ ̅̅̅̅
𝑃𝐸 = ____
̅̅̅̅ = ____
𝑃𝑁

3. 4.

y = ____ a = ____ b = ____


c = ____ ∠𝑅 = _____
G. Agreement

Solve for the unknown applying the isosceles triangle theorem.

1. Draw an isosceles triangle, and label it DEF with base ̅̅̅̅


𝐷𝐹 then state your facts about the
triangle.

2 x = _____
y = _____

3.

̅̅̅̅
𝑆𝐸 = ______
x = ____
̅̅̅̅̅ = ______
𝑀𝐴

Prepared by:

Teodora Y. Pastrana
Teacher III
Noted by:
MR. JOEL B. PORCADILLA
Head Teacher V