Sie sind auf Seite 1von 18

Strawberry Growing Tips &

Planting Guide
Cultural Practices for Growing June
Bearing Strawberries
Selecting A Planting Site
Any soil that grows good field or garden crops will also grow an abundance of strawberries. It may
be sandy or even a heavy clay. Sandy loam is ideal. Plenty of organic matter in the soil is good for
holding moisture. Poultry or barnyard manure is good, especially if applied a year in advance.
Rolling land provides better air drainage and helps prevent frost injury. To help prevent erosion,
plant on the contour in rolling land. Much hand weeding can be avoided if plants are set on land
where weeds have not been allowed to make seed the previous year. The location of a berry patch
should be changed every few years. The dangers of building up disease and insect population will
be reduced by changing.

Preparation Of Soil
Land to be used for a strawberry patch should be plowed or spaded in late winter or early spring
to a depth of 7 or 8 inches. When dry enough to plant, disc or harrow soil until it is free from
clods. This is not only a good planting practice but makes plant setting much easier. A good
practice in preparing the soil for next year's crop of strawberries is to plow under a heavy growth
of clover, sedan grass or soybeans to help increase organic matter. If poultry or stable manure is
available to apply before sowing the green crop, so much the better. If manure is not available,
your county agent can tell you the amount and type of fertilizer required for your type of soil. Do
not use fertilizer on newly set plants.

Care of Plants on Arrival and Proper Planting Tips


Proper planting method (A) and improper methods
(B, C, D) for strawberry planting. At B the crown is too deep,
at C the crown is too high and D the roots are bent and remain
near the surface. The time taken to get the roots all covered
is critical. Plants will not live with roots exposed.

Care of Plants On Arrival


Much of your success in growing berries depends on how you handle your plants on arrival. They
should be set promptly if at all possible. We pack them so they should reach you in good
condition. DO NOT LET THEM DRY OUT. If you can't set them at once, small lots can be kept in
good condition in the family refrigerator. Larger shipments can be kept in cold storage at about 32
degrees Fahrenheit if such storage is available. Or, they can be (heeled in) making a V-shaped
trench about 4 to 5 inches deep. But this should be used only as a last resort due to the
reoccurring shock the plants go through when removed from the soil for transplanting. Open the
bundles, cover the roots thoroughly and keep moist until planted. DO NOT leave them in crates as
they will heat up or dry out, and spoil. With proper use of irrigation planting well into June is
possible. We have dormant cold storage plants. Cold storage plants have several advantages over
fresh dug plants because they are dormant when dug and stay dormant until replanted--thus they
can be shipped at any time. Cold storage plants that are dormant grow better than fresh spring
dug because they stand the shock of transplanting better.

Planting Methods
Any method of planting which allows plant roots to go straight down and spreading dove-tail for
increased feeding is preferred. Soil should be pressed firmly against the roots with the bud or
crown of the plant just at the surface with no roots showing. If the crown is covered with soil the
plant will eventually die. A garden trowel or an old bricklayer's trowel with the point cut off is a
good tool to use for small plantings. If plant roots are too long to get down full length, they may
be cut off to about 5 to 6 inches rather than doubling them up. We generally recommend planting
strawberry plants 18-24 inches apart in rows 3 1/2 feet apart. This would require 6,225 plants per
acre. If planted late they should be set closer to insure a good fruiting row. Always water plants
well after or during transplanting, regardless of the planting date. In the first year's growth, pinch
off the blooms to encourage runners. Early set runners produce the most berries in the following
Spring. In the Fall, when rows are 14 to 16 inches wide and plants are evenly distributed about 4
inches apart, it is a good practice to prevent late runners from setting by raking crosswise and
lengthwise after each rain. In a small patch this can be done with a garden rake or a potato
digging hook. If plants are too thick in the row, the yields will be cut. The use of a raised bed of 4
inches or more will air drainage and prevent root diseases.

Runner Placement
Now it is practice to use 36 inch row spacing on many new fruit beds with a 12 inch spacing within
the row to get early set daughter plants. By using a hoe and placing the first 3 runners in each
direction from the mother plant, we can then follow with the multivator with the side and top
shield off and allow the light rain of soil to hold the runners in place until rooting occurs. After
the desired number of plants have rooted, we then go through the multivator set up to just clip
off the newly emerging runners so the rows do not get too wide or thick with daughter plants.

Weed Control Tips


1) Start off with clean well-worked soil.
2) Keep ahead of weeds. Cultivate and hoe when weeds are small.
3) Contact your local county agent about approved herbicides.
4) Use a heavy straw mulch in the winter, pull off into an aisle in the spring.

Mulching
Mulching is necessary for winter protection of your plants. In case of sudden cold temperatures,
the crowns and roots may be damaged. Mulch will keep the temperatures at ground level from
dropping suddenly. Mulch also conserves moisture in the Spring, delays flowering, makes for
better picking conditions and reduces rot on the berries.

Renewing Old Patches


Renovation should be started immediately after the harvest is completed to promote early runner
formation. Renovation should be completed by mid-July. The following steps describe renovation
of commercial strawberry fields:

1. Weed Control: Annual broadleaf weeds can be controlled with 2,4-D alkanolamine salts
immediately after harvest. Be extremely careful to avoid drift when applying 2,4-D. If grasses
are a problem, Poast will control annual and some perennial grasses. See ID 169 and the
product label for rates and especially for precautions. Do not tank mix Poast and 2,4-D.
2. Fertilize the Planting: A soil test will help determine phosphorus and potassium needs, but
foliar analysis is a more reliable measure of plant nutrition. It is more efficient to apply
nitrogen in small increments at regular intervals through the season.
3. Mowing: Mow the old leaves off 3-5 days after 2,4-D application just above the crowns. Do not
mow so low as to damage the crowns.
4. Subsoil: Where picker traffic has been, heavy soil compaction may be severe. Subsoiling
between rows will help to break up compacted layers and provide better infiltration of water.
5. Narrow Rows: Reduce width of rows to a manageable width based on your row spacing, the
aisle width desired, and the earliness of renovation. 12-18 inches is desirable, to as little as 6
inches. Use a tiller to achieve the reduction. Narrow rows are superior to wide rows. Narrow
rows will give better sunlight penetration, better disease control, and better fruit quality.
6. Thin Plants: Plants should not be too dense within the row. A final density of 5 plants per
square foot is optimum, so plants are about 5-6" apart.
7. Cultivate: Work in straw between rows and throw a small amount of soil over row. Strawberry
crowns continue development at the top, and new roots are initiated. Additional soil should
be added to facilitate rooting. 1/2 to 1" of soil is sufficient. This also helps to cover straw in
the row and provide a good rooting medium for the new runner plants. Do not completely
cover the crowns with soil.
8. Weed Control: Preemergence weed control should begin immediately for commercial growers.
See ID 169 from Purdue University. Check the product labels carefully.
9. Irrigate: Water is needed for both activation of herbicides and for plant growth. Do not let
plants go into stress. Ideally see that planting receives 1 to 1-1/2 inches of water per week
from either rain or irrigation.
10. Cultivate: Cultivate to sweep runners into the row until plant stand is sufficient. Thereafter,
or in any case after September, any thinner plant not yet rooted is a weed and should be
removed.
11. Adequate Moisture & Fertility: During August and September adequate moisture and fertility
will increase fruit bud formation and improve fruit yield for the coming year. Continue
irrigation through this time period and fertilize if necessary. An additional 20-30 lbs. of N per
acre is suggested, depending on the vigor. --- From "Facts for Fancy Fruit" --Purdue University
Order early, some supplies are limited.
Prices are subject to change.

Strawberry Varieties Guide


# OF DAYS
AFTER
BERRY VARIETY EARLIGLOW FLAVOR BERRY SIZE FIRMNESS RESISTANT TO ZONES
Annapolis 2 Very Good VL Firm R
Chandler 2 Very Good L Firm -
Earliglow 0 Excellent M-S Mod. Firm R, V, LC
EARLY SEASON
Galletta 0 Very Good L Firm R, LS. LC
Northeaster 0 Very Good L Firm R,V

Allstar 9 Very Good VL Firm R, V, LS, LC


Cabot 8 Good VL Firm R
Cavendish 6 Very Good VL Firm R, V, LS, LC
MID SEASON Flavorfest 7 Very Good VL Firm R, V, LS, LC
Honeoye 6 Good VL Firm R, V, LS
Red Chief 7 Good L Firm R, V, LS, LC
Surecrop 5 Good L Firm R, V, LS, LC
AC Valley Sunset 14 Very Good L Mod Firm R, V, LS, LC
LATE SEASON
Jewel 12 Very Good L Very Firm R, V, LS, LC
Albion N/A Very Good VL Very Firm R, V, LS, LC
Monterey N/A Very Good VL Firm R, V, LS, LC
DAY NEUTRAL San Andreas N/A Very Good VL Firm R, V, LS, LC
EVERBEARERS Seascape N/A Very Good L Firm R, V, LS, LC
Tribute N/A Very Good M-L Very Firm R, V, LS, LC
Tristar N/A Very Good M Firm R, V, LS, LC
Strawberry Growing Tips &
Planting Guide
Cultural Practices for Growing June
Bearing Strawberries
Selecting A Planting Site
Any soil that grows good field or garden crops will also grow an abundance of strawberries. It may
be sandy or even a heavy clay. Sandy loam is ideal. Plenty of organic matter in the soil is good for
holding moisture. Poultry or barnyard manure is good, especially if applied a year in advance.
Rolling land provides better air drainage and helps prevent frost injury. To help prevent erosion,
plant on the contour in rolling land. Much hand weeding can be avoided if plants are set on land
where weeds have not been allowed to make seed the previous year. The location of a berry patch
should be changed every few years. The dangers of building up disease and insect population will
be reduced by changing.

Preparation Of Soil
Land to be used for a strawberry patch should be plowed or spaded in late winter or early spring
to a depth of 7 or 8 inches. When dry enough to plant, disc or harrow soil until it is free from
clods. This is not only a good planting practice but makes plant setting much easier. A good
practice in preparing the soil for next year's crop of strawberries is to plow under a heavy growth
of clover, sedan grass or soybeans to help increase organic matter. If poultry or stable manure is
available to apply before sowing the green crop, so much the better. If manure is not available,
your county agent can tell you the amount and type of fertilizer required for your type of soil. Do
not use fertilizer on newly set plants.

Care of Plants on Arrival and Proper Planting Tips


Proper planting method (A) and improper methods
(B, C, D) for strawberry planting. At B the crown is too deep,
at C the crown is too high and D the roots are bent and remain
near the surface. The time taken to get the roots all covered
is critical. Plants will not live with roots exposed.
Care of Plants On Arrival
Much of your success in growing berries depends on how you handle your plants on arrival. They
should be set promptly if at all possible. We pack them so they should reach you in good
condition. DO NOT LET THEM DRY OUT. If you can't set them at once, small lots can be kept in
good condition in the family refrigerator. Larger shipments can be kept in cold storage at about 32
degrees Fahrenheit if such storage is available. Or, they can be (heeled in) making a V-shaped
trench about 4 to 5 inches deep. But this should be used only as a last resort due to the
reoccurring shock the plants go through when removed from the soil for transplanting. Open the
bundles, cover the roots thoroughly and keep moist until planted. DO NOT leave them in crates as
they will heat up or dry out, and spoil. With proper use of irrigation planting well into June is
possible. We have dormant cold storage plants. Cold storage plants have several advantages over
fresh dug plants because they are dormant when dug and stay dormant until replanted--thus they
can be shipped at any time. Cold storage plants that are dormant grow better than fresh spring
dug because they stand the shock of transplanting better.

Planting Methods
Any method of planting which allows plant roots to go straight down and spreading dove-tail for
increased feeding is preferred. Soil should be pressed firmly against the roots with the bud or
crown of the plant just at the surface with no roots showing. If the crown is covered with soil the
plant will eventually die. A garden trowel or an old bricklayer's trowel with the point cut off is a
good tool to use for small plantings. If plant roots are too long to get down full length, they may
be cut off to about 5 to 6 inches rather than doubling them up. We generally recommend planting
strawberry plants 18-24 inches apart in rows 3 1/2 feet apart. This would require 6,225 plants per
acre. If planted late they should be set closer to insure a good fruiting row. Always water plants
well after or during transplanting, regardless of the planting date. In the first year's growth, pinch
off the blooms to encourage runners. Early set runners produce the most berries in the following
Spring. In the Fall, when rows are 14 to 16 inches wide and plants are evenly distributed about 4
inches apart, it is a good practice to prevent late runners from setting by raking crosswise and
lengthwise after each rain. In a small patch this can be done with a garden rake or a potato
digging hook. If plants are too thick in the row, the yields will be cut. The use of a raised bed of 4
inches or more will air drainage and prevent root diseases.

Runner Placement
Now it is practice to use 36 inch row spacing on many new fruit beds with a 12 inch spacing within
the row to get early set daughter plants. By using a hoe and placing the first 3 runners in each
direction from the mother plant, we can then follow with the multivator with the side and top
shield off and allow the light rain of soil to hold the runners in place until rooting occurs. After
the desired number of plants have rooted, we then go through the multivator set up to just clip
off the newly emerging runners so the rows do not get too wide or thick with daughter plants.

Weed Control Tips


1) Start off with clean well-worked soil.
2) Keep ahead of weeds. Cultivate and hoe when weeds are small.
3) Contact your local county agent about approved herbicides.
4) Use a heavy straw mulch in the winter, pull off into an aisle in the spring.

Mulching
Mulching is necessary for winter protection of your plants. In case of sudden cold temperatures,
the crowns and roots may be damaged. Mulch will keep the temperatures at ground level from
dropping suddenly. Mulch also conserves moisture in the Spring, delays flowering, makes for
better picking conditions and reduces rot on the berries.
Renewing Old Patches
Renovation should be started immediately after the harvest is completed to promote early runner
formation. Renovation should be completed by mid-July. The following steps describe renovation
of commercial strawberry fields:

1. Weed Control: Annual broadleaf weeds can be controlled with 2,4-D alkanolamine salts
immediately after harvest. Be extremely careful to avoid drift when applying 2,4-D. If grasses
are a problem, Poast will control annual and some perennial grasses. See ID 169 and the
product label for rates and especially for precautions. Do not tank mix Poast and 2,4-D.
2. Fertilize the Planting: A soil test will help determine phosphorus and potassium needs, but
foliar analysis is a more reliable measure of plant nutrition. It is more efficient to apply
nitrogen in small increments at regular intervals through the season.
3. Mowing: Mow the old leaves off 3-5 days after 2,4-D application just above the crowns. Do not
mow so low as to damage the crowns.
4. Subsoil: Where picker traffic has been, heavy soil compaction may be severe. Subsoiling
between rows will help to break up compacted layers and provide better infiltration of water.
5. Narrow Rows: Reduce width of rows to a manageable width based on your row spacing, the
aisle width desired, and the earliness of renovation. 12-18 inches is desirable, to as little as 6
inches. Use a tiller to achieve the reduction. Narrow rows are superior to wide rows. Narrow
rows will give better sunlight penetration, better disease control, and better fruit quality.
6. Thin Plants: Plants should not be too dense within the row. A final density of 5 plants per
square foot is optimum, so plants are about 5-6" apart.
7. Cultivate: Work in straw between rows and throw a small amount of soil over row. Strawberry
crowns continue development at the top, and new roots are initiated. Additional soil should
be added to facilitate rooting. 1/2 to 1" of soil is sufficient. This also helps to cover straw in
the row and provide a good rooting medium for the new runner plants. Do not completely
cover the crowns with soil.
8. Weed Control: Preemergence weed control should begin immediately for commercial growers.
See ID 169 from Purdue University. Check the product labels carefully.
9. Irrigate: Water is needed for both activation of herbicides and for plant growth. Do not let
plants go into stress. Ideally see that planting receives 1 to 1-1/2 inches of water per week
from either rain or irrigation.
10. Cultivate: Cultivate to sweep runners into the row until plant stand is sufficient. Thereafter,
or in any case after September, any thinner plant not yet rooted is a weed and should be
removed.
11. Adequate Moisture & Fertility: During August and September adequate moisture and fertility
will increase fruit bud formation and improve fruit yield for the coming year. Continue
irrigation through this time period and fertilize if necessary. An additional 20-30 lbs. of N per
acre is suggested, depending on the vigor. --- From "Facts for Fancy Fruit" --Purdue University
Early to Early Mid-Season
Cultivar Season Characteristics Strong Points Weakness Bes
& Origin & Size

V151 Early Productive


variety with Good yields, High yields but later Earl
Medium large, early cultivar fruit tends to varie
(FL82-1452 - bright, with bright be smaller. Very Reco
x Selkirk) x large medium- fruit. Fruit is susceptible to for t
(Chandler x red, firm with anthracnose fruit
137A84) triangular good quality. infections.
fruit. Susceptible to green
petal disease. Flavour
sometimes bland.
University of
Guelph,
Simcoe,
Ontario

2007

Mohawk Very early


Vigourous Very early King berries may be Loca
(MDUS Medium very early variety with irregular in shape. Low early
4587 x variety. excellent yields, expect two good SE C
Earliglow) Fruit flavour. Fruit early picks. and
irregular or is firm.
USDA, heart- Resistant to
Beltsville, shaped red stele,
and HRIO, bright, tolerant to
Ontario orange-red, mildew.
with pale
1994 interior.

Wendy Early
Productive Fruit size is Susceptible to Earl
(Sable x Large early season larger than verticillium wilt. Tends PYO
K91-2) x variety Evangeline. to be dark and softer in mark
Evangeline released as Productive SW Ontario. Plants do easte
an vigourous not stand up well in nort
improveme plants. stressful conditions. Onta
AAFC,
nt to Moderately Skin strength softer than
Kentville,
Evangeline. resistant to Annapolis.
N.S.
Primary powdery
fruit wedge- mildew.
2006
shaped,
others
conic.
Veestar
Early Vigourous Excellent Moderately soft, poor No l
Valentine x plants that flavour. for shipping. Colour reco
Sparkle runner well. Tolerant to tends to darken in hot in O
High Sinbar. weather. Susceptible to
Medium
yielding, Excellent for red stele.
HRIO
medium jam.
Vineland,
sized
Ontario
berries.
Fruit is dark
1967
red.

Annapolis Very susceptible to


Early Produces Acceptable powdery mildew and Earl
(Micmac x good yields firmness and angular leaf spot and prod
Raritan) x of orange- shelf susceptible to Botrytis. PYO
Medium
Earliglow red, life.Resistant Sensitive to Sinbar. mark
to Large
roundish, to red stele. well
firm berries. med
AAFC,
Plant heav
Kentville,
runners well type
N.S.
but not
excessively,
1984
moderately
vigourous.

Sable Susceptible to angular


Veestar x Early Produces Berries are leaf spot and Botrytis. Earl
Cavendish bright red bright red, Fruit is soft. Berry size Mor
AAFC, berries on with good drops after first pick. succ
Medium
Kentville vigorous, flavour. easte
to large
N.S. tall plants. Good winter nort
Berries less hardiness. Onta
1998 firm than Resistant to in so
Annapolis. red stele. Reco
for t
plan

Evangeline
Early Vigorous Beautiful First berries are large Earl
healthy fruit, good but size is variable and high
(Honeoye x plants with quality, firm drops off quickly. Small fanc
Medium
Veestar) x flower and skin, nice berry size overall and No l
NYUS119 fruit clusters shape, with low yields. Susceptible reco
held large green to red stele. in O
upright, calyx.
AAFC,
above the Tolerant to
Kentville
ground. leaf diseases.
N.S.
Good
1999 flavour.

Brunswick
Early Produces Productive, Susceptible to Earl
mid- good yields with good Phytophthora crown rot. seas
Cavendish x season of firm, fruit quality. Flavour more like ship
Honeoye shiny Resistant to Honeoye than PYO
berries with red stele. Cavendish. Apparently
Large
good quality hardy. Likely sensitive
AAFC,
and average to Sinbar.
Kentville
to good
N.S.
flavour.
Fruit is
1999
uniform in
shape,
broadly
round,
larger than
Honeoye,
smaller than
Cavendish.

Itasca Early-
mid Bright red, Apparently Strong flavour, For
season wedge hardy, good sometimes with whe
Seneca x shaped fruit quality early unpleasant after taste. hard
Allstar Medium or round berry. Fruit tends to be small dise
- Large fruit, Resistant to and round. resis
Univ. moderately leaf diseases. prim
Minnesota, firm, with Resistant to conc
and USDA classic red stele.
strawberry
flavors.
Tough skin
2005
relative to
other early
cultivars.
Ripens after
Annapolis,
before
Honeoye.

Honeoye
Early Well Good yields Flavour is variable, Wid
Vibrant x mid- adapted, and bright sharp or acid taste, adap
Holiday season high glossy fruit, depending on diffe
yielding good quality. site.Colour darkens in and
plants. High Consistent hot weather or when cond
NYAES, Medium
yields of fruit size overripe. Tip of fruit PYO
Geneva New
York medium to throughout ripens last. Somewhat mark
large firm season. sensitive to Sinbar.
1979 bright red Susceptible to black
berries. root rot.
Not well suited to
eastern Ontario. Too
dark for southwestern
regions.

Darselect Early
mid- Very High Very susceptible to For
Parker x season productive, yielding, powdery mildew. plas
Elsanta with good flavour, Reported to be hardy to PYO
Large attractive firm enough -25C with mulch. mark
fruit. The for shipping. ship
Darbonne,
fruit is firm,
France
bright red,
white flesh,
with large
1998 calyx, holds
its size well.
Very sweet
flavor. The
plant is
vigorous
and readily
develops
branch
crowns, but
does not
produce
excess
runners.

Glooscap
Early High yields Good size Dark colour with pale Pop
Micmac x mid- of medium initially. raised seeds. PYO
Bounty season to large High yield. Susceptible to red stele. espe
dark red Good winter June yellows has been E. O
fruit, hardiness. observed in some Ont.
AAFC, Medium
medium Decaps clones. west
Kentville
firm with easily. Red prov
N.S.
good flesh. Good state
flavour. for freezing.
1983
Tolerant to
Sinbar.

Mid-Season to Late Mid-Season


Cultivar Season Characteristics Strong Points Weakness Be
& Origin & Size

L'Amour Mid-
season Bright red Firmer Susceptible to Re
fruit large, than angular leaf for
(MDUS5252 Large long conic Honeoye, spot. Reported for
x Etna) x shape, large bruises to be cold hardy ma
Cavendish calyx. less easily. to at least -25C PY
Consistent with straw
colour and mulch.
NYAES,
shape, nice
Geneva,
sepals.
New York

2003

Cavendish
Mid- High Very large Tends to colour Be
Glooscap x season yielding fruit. High unevenly under to
Annapolis variety with yields. some conditions, On
large to Resistant ie cool springs be
Very
very large to red followed by hot da
AAFC, Large
fruit of stele. Can weather at green an
Kentville
medium be fruit stage and rip
N.S.
firmness. harvested ripening. White co
over a long blotches and PY
1990
period. dark purple red lim
colour may be ma
present on the
same berry. Skin
can be tender.
Becomes soft in
hot weather.
Sensitive to
Sinbar. Very
susceptible to
angular leaf
spot.

Kent Mid- Skin strength


season Large leafy High can be weak in PY
(Redgauntlet plant with yields. hot conditions for
x Tioga) x Medium blue-green Long (not as strong as fro
Raritan tinge. fruiting Honeoye). Very are
Produces season. susceptible to On
high yields leaf spot, leaf
AAFC,
of bright red scorch, angular
Kentville
leaf
N.S. Do
fruit. spot, Botrytisand bo
1981 anthracnose fruit loa
rot. Plants wilt loa
and fruit Do
becomes we
excessively dark san
in hot weather.
Very sensitive to
Sinbar. Produces
multi-crowned
plants with few
runners in hot
conditions.

Sapphire Seeds and


Late Consistently Tolerant to prominent. PY
mid- shaped Sinbar. Susceptible ma
319A92 x season, bright red Attractive to Botrytis, on
V7737-2 similar large berries berries. otherwise,
to with good, disease
Kent sometimes tolerance
University of
mild flavour unknown. Yield
Guelph,
and medium is low to
Simcoe, Large
firmness. moderate.
Ontario
Vigorous
plants.
2002

Mira
Mid- High Yields are Flavour fair and Su
Scott x season yielding, similar to may be tart. fre
Honeoye to late semi- Kent, but Berries may be no
mid- vigourous berries are uniformly for
season plant, with firmer and coloured before
AAFC,
bright red have better they are
Kentville
conical firm quality completely ripe
N.S. Large
berries, compared with full
white in to Kent. flavour.
1996
center. Maintains Sensitive to
Uniform good Sinbar.
shape. quality and
Ripens a does not
Berry texture
few days darken in
becomes mealy
after Kent. hot
under hot
weather.
conditions
Resistant
to red stele
and most
leaf
diseases.
Maintains
good size
for several
pickings.

Jewel Mid-season - Susceptible to


late mid- Semi- Bright and winter injury. W
season vigorous glossy red. Fruit darkens to
(Senga plants with Good and softens in typ
Sengana x Large good yield yield, but hot weather. for
NYE58) x and bright not as Bland flavour. ma
Holiday glossy red productive Spotty sh
large fruit, as establishment in
conical in Honeoye some years.
NYAES,
shape. or Kent. Sensitive to
Geneva,
Good for Sinbar.
New York
freezing. Susceptible to
leaf spot, red
1985
stele, powdery
mildew,
and Verticillium.
Susceptible to
black root rot.

Cabot Primary berries


Mid Produces Very large are very PY
season very large, berries, on irregular in fan
(Elsanta x bright red, average shape. Berries ma
K79-5) x juicy over 20 have a thin skin Tr
Very
(ArKing x berries, on grams. and are
Large
K7-40) large sturdy Good susceptible
plants. flavour. to Botrytis.
Plants do not
runner well, and
AAFC,
should be set at
Kentville
closer spacings.
N.S.
Plants are
susceptible to
1998
crown rot.
Flavour is good
but not sweet.

Allstar
Late Vigorous Good Size drops off Ve
US 4419 x mid- plants with flavour. after 2 pickings. in
MDUS 3184 season orange red Firm fruit. Seeds an
berries, Orange - prominent. lon
uniform in red colour. Especially rec
Univ. Large
shape and susceptible to in
Maryland
size with angular leaf
and USDA
raised spot.
seeds.
1981
Governor Simcoe
Late Vigorous Firm berry Susceptible to Be
Guardian x mid- plants with with powdery mildew lig
Holiday season light green strong and leaf blight. tex
foliage. skin. Production can wa
Berries are Acceptable be inconsistent Pe
HRIO, Large
bright and for in cooler regions in
Simcoe,
light red in shipping. and on heavier so
Ontario
colour with Mild, soils. Somewhat On
pale pleasant sensitive to
1985
interior. flavour. Sinbar.

Late Season
Cultivar Season
Characteristics Strong Points Weakness Best Su
& Origin & Size

L'Authentique
Orléans Late High Consistent Anthracnose Has pot
yielding fruit size, fruit rot has for fresh
L'Acadie x with large with good been market
Very
Joliette firm fruit. flavour. observed on shipping
Large
Bright, Good fruit.
medium shelf life.
McGill For trial
red
University Did not
berries,
and AAFC, survive in
roundish
St. Jean-sur- Thunder
to cone
Richelieu, Bay.
shape,
Qué
with large
green
calyx and
excellent
quality.

St. Pierre
Very High Consistent Susceptible Has pot
Chandler x Late yielding fruit size, to for fresh
Jewel with large with good anthracnose market
bright flavour. fruit rot and shipping
Large
light red Good powdery
AAFC, St.
fruit. shelf life. mildew.
Jean-sur- For trial
Large Vigorous
Richelieu,
green plants in
Qué
calyx and Thunder
2002
excellent Bay
quality.
Serenity
Late Conical Large Susceptible Recomm
137A84 x shaped berries in to for trial
Chandler fruit. early anthracnose shipping
Large
University of Produces picks fruit rot. fresh m
Guelph, high Tips can be
Simcoe, yields of seedy.
Ontario very large, Berries in
bright later picks
2003 soft- are small and
skinned pointy.
fruits. Susceptible
to
anthracnose.

R14
University of Very Large Excellent Low yields, For sma
Guelph, late fruited quality, one large trials on
Simcoe, variety, compared inflorescence
Ontario sister to to per plant.
Very
Serenity, Serenity.
large
2007 with better
fruit
quality but
lower
yields.

Valley Sunset
Very A late Very late Slightly soft Local fr
late flowering variety, skin. market
Great- and with large Somewhat PYO to
grandparents fruiting fruit and seedy. Not the seas
Very
include variety mild likely For trial
large
Pandora, with large sweet suitable for
Scotland, bright red flavour. shipping.
Micmac, fruit and Susceptible
Allstar, moderate to powdery
Cavendish yields. mildew.
and Bogota.

AAFC,
Kentville,
Nova Scotia

2006

Day Neutral varieties


Cultivar Season
Characteristics Strong Points Weakness Best Su
& Origin & Size

Day Firm fruit, High Susceptible Annua


Seascape neutral - medium to yielding to two- produc
University peak long conic variety with spotted for loc
of production in shape, attractive spider fresh
California in August bright red flavourful mite. marke
and early in colour berries. Extremely shippi
1991 September. and good susceptible
quality. to powdery
High mildew.
Large
yields in Ripe fruit
August easily
and early damaged
September. by rain.
May not be
winter
hardy in
most of
Ontario.

Albion
Day Very high Resistant to Lower Annua
Diamante neutral - quality verticillium yields than produc
x peak fruit, conic wilt, Seascape. for loc
Cal94.16- production in shape, Phytophthora Later fresh
1 in late ripening crown rot production marke
University August from and cycle. Less shippi
of and bottom to relatively winter
California September top. resistant to hardy than
anthracnose Seascape
crown rot.
Large
Patented Excellent
in 2006 fruit quality.
Flavourful
fruit. High
percentage
of fruit is
marketable.

Evie 2
Day Vigourous Good yields. Fruit is Local
neutral - plants More softer than marke
Everglade not as producing tolerant of Seascape
x J92D12 early as large light powdery and not as
Seascape red, firm, mildew and early.
but earlier sweet fruit, Botrytis than
Edward
than on long
Vinson
trusses.
Ltd. Albion. Fruit is Seascape.
United less conic
Kingdom. in shape
Large
than
2006 Seascape.

Verwandte Interessen