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Case-1: When Two Phase at Upstream of Control Valve is Acceptable i.e.

Control Valve is Sized to Handle Two Phase flow

AT
1"

PDIT
1" 1"
RO FIT LCV

6" 6" 6" 6"


Pressure (Barg) 12.95 Press (Barg) 12.45 Press (Barg) 11.95 Press (Barg) 11.80
∆P (Bar) 0.5 ∆P (Bar) 0.5 ∆P (Bar) 0.1
Overall Line Loss (Bar) 0.05
Assumptions:
1)Maximum Pressure drop across RO at maximum flow is 0.5 bar
2) Maximum pressure drop across Strainer at maximum flow is 0.5 bar
3) Maximum pressure drop across Flowmeter at maximum flow is 0.1 bar
4) Overall Line Pressure Drop at Maximum Flow is 0.05 bar

Findings:
1) Two phase will be obseved at downstream of RO
2)Flowmeter and Control Valve shall be sized for two phase flow
3) During Turndown case (50 BBLPD) Analyser AT will not give correct reading as minimum flow required in slip stream is 275 BBLPD to acquire a velocity of 3ft/sec to ensure homogenious mixture in AT as per Vendor AGAR
4) Static Mixer can be considered in Main line if required by vendor to ensure homogenious mixer in slip stream provided that the velocity criteria of 3 ft/sec is not further required as that can't be met during turndown.

Case-2: When Two Phase at Upstream of Control Valve is not Acceptable i.e. Control Valve is Sized to Handle Single Phase at Upstream and Downstream of Control Valve may be Two Phase

AT
1"

PDIT
1" 1"
RO FIT LCV

6" 6" 6" 6"


Pressure (Barg) 12.95 Press (Barg) 12.87 Press (Barg) 12.85 Press (Barg) 12.73
∆P (Bar) 0.08 ∆P (Bar) 0.02 ∆P (Bar) 0.07
Overall Line Loss (Bar) 0.05
Assumptions:
1) Pressure drop at upstream of the control Valve shall be Higher than Liquid vapor Pressure i.e. 12.73 barg
2)Maximum Pressure drop across RO at maximum flow is 0.08 bar
3) Maximum pressure drop across Strainer at maximum flow is 0.02 bar
3) Maximum pressure drop across Flowmeter at maximum flow is 0.07 bar
4) Overall Line Pressure Drop at Maximum Flow is 0.05 bar

Findings:
1) Single phase will be obseved at Upstream of Control Valve
2)Flowmeter and Control Valve shall be sized for Single phase flow
3) Strainer Pressure drop can't be more than 0.02 to avoid two phase at upstream of control valve until upstream pressure increase some how to accommodate this pressure drop. So PDIT alram set point need to be revised for smooth operation.
4) Since RO has very low pressure drop, Velocity limitation need to be verify in slip stream for flow passing in slip stream to ensure homogenious mixture in AT to get accurate reading.
5) During Turndown case (50 BBLPD) Analyser AT will not give correct reading as minimum flow required in slip stream is 275 BBLPD to acquire a velocity of 3ft/sec to ensure homogenious mixture in AT as per Vendor AGAR
6) Static Mixer in Main Line can't be afforded to avoid extra pressure drop in line.