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tic EN 1504-2 EN 14891

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IN COMPLIANCE WITH IN COMPLIANCE WITH
EUROPEAN STANDARD EUROPEAN STANDARD

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EN 1504-2 (C) EN 14891

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PRINCIPLES

PI-MC-IR

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SURFACE PROTECTION LIQUID-APPLIED WATER
SYSTEMS FOR CONCRETE IMPERMEABLE PRODUCTS

ap
M
Two-component
LIC NO.: 00016G

Good

cementitious mortar,
flexible down to -20°C,
for waterproofing
balconies, terraces,
bathrooms and
swimming pools

WHERE TO USE • 2.5 mm of Mapelastic represents the equivalent of


Waterproofing and protection of concrete structures, 30 mm of concrete against the aggressive action of
renders and cementitious screeds. chlorides (w/c ratio 0.45).
• May also be applied on existing coverings.
Some application examples • Compatible with ceramic, mosaic and natural stone
• Waterproofing of concrete basins used for containing coverings.
water.
• Waterproofing bathrooms, showers, balconies, terraces, TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
swimming pools, etc. before laying ceramic tile finishes. Mapelastic is a two-component mortar based on
• Waterproofing of plasterboard, render or cementitious cementitious binders, fine-grained selected aggregates,
surfaces, lightweight cement blocks and marine-grade special additives and synthetic polymers dispersed in
plywood. water, blended according to a formula developed in
• Flexible smoothing layer for light-sectioned concrete MAPEI’s own research laboratories.
structures, including those subjected to minor When the two components are mixed together, a
deformation when under load (e.g. pre-cast panels). free-flowing mix is obtained which may be easily
• Protection of renders or concrete with cracks caused applied, even on vertical surfaces, at a thickness of
by shrinkage, against the infiltration of water and up to 2 mm in one single coat.
aggressive atmospheric elements. Thanks to the high content and quality of the synthetic
• Protection, against the penetration of carbon dioxide, resins, the cured layer of Mapelastic remains constantly
of concrete pillars beams and road and railway flexible under all environmental conditions and resistant
viaducts repaired with products from the Mapegrout to the chemical attack of de-icing salts, sulphates,
chlorides and carbon dioxide.
concrete covering on the reinforcement rods. Mapelastic has excellent bonding properties to all
• Protection of concrete surfaces which may come into concrete, masonry, ceramic and marble surfaces, as
contact with seawater, de-icing salts, such as sodium
or calcium chloride, and sulphates. This property, together with its resistance to the

ADVANTAGES this product, ensures that structures protected and


• Remains flexible at very low temperatures (-20°C). waterproofed with Mapelastic have a long service
• More than 20 years experience and more than life, even if they are located in areas with particularly
300 million surfaces successfully waterproofed.
• CE-certified product in compliance with EN 1504-2 saline rich atmosphere or industrial areas where
and EN 14891. the air is particularly polluted.
• Protects the surface of concrete from CO2 penetration
(carbonation) for more than 50 years. Mapelastic meets the requirements defined by
• Resistant to UV rays. EN 1504-9 (“Products and systems for the protection

[Impermeabilizzanti] 331_mapelastic_gb (6) (24.04.2014 - 3ª Bozza/Ciano/PDF)


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and repair of concrete structures

pe - Definitions, requirements, quality APPLIED LOAD

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control and evaluation of conformity
- General principles for the use of CONCRETE BEAM
products and systems”) and the
requirements claimed by EN 1504-2
coating (C) according to the PI, MC

15 cm
CRACK
and IR principles (“Protection systems
for concrete surfaces”).
MAPELASTIC COVERING
RECOMMENDATIONS
• Do not use Mapelastic for thick 60 cm

coatings (more than 2 mm per coat).


• Do not apply Mapelastic at Fig. 1: Protection of a hairline crack with Mapelastic on the
underside of a concrete beam subject to flexural stress
temperatures below +8°C.
• Do not add cement, aggregates or
water to Mapelastic. 50

Penetration of CO2 - mm
• Protect from rain and water spillage 45
Unprotected
concrete (w/c = 0.8)
for the first 24 hours after application. 40
35 Concrete
30 (w/c = 0.8) protected
25 with Mapelastic
20
15
10
5
Waterproofing screeds
0 3 7 40 60
with Mapelastic Accelerated carbonation (days)
and Mapeband
Fig. 2: Protection of Mapelastic against accelerated
carbonation (30% of CO2) on porous concrete
Penetration of sodium chloride - mm

35

30

25

20 Unprotected
concrete (w/c = 0.8)
15
Concrete (w/c = 0.8)
10 protected with
Fig. 2B - Penetration test of chloride ions Mapelastic
5
(UNI 9944). Sample A covered with
Mapelastic is not penetrated; sample B,
0 3 7 28 45 60
left uncoated, shows an advanced penetration Days immersed in a 10% aqueous solution of sodium chloride
of many mm
Fig. 3: Protection of Mapelastic against penetration of sodium
chloride on porous concrete
• When Mapelastic is used on large
terraces or flat roofs that will not
be covered with tiles, vapour vents 70
Compressive strength - N/mm2

must be appropriately positioned


Installing ceramic with 60

Kerabond + Isolastic
according to the level of humidity
50
in the substrate (generally every
20-25 m²). 40
Concrete (w/c = 0.4)
• Do not apply Mapelastic on 30 protected with
Mapelastic
unprotected surfaces in swimming 20
pools. 10
Unprotected
concrete (w/c = 0.4)

APPLICATION PROCEDURE 0 14 21 42 60
Preparation of the substrate Days immersed in a 30% aqueous solution of calcium chloride
A) Protection and waterproofing of
Fig. 4: Protection of Mapelastic against the decrease in
concrete structures and pre-cast mechanical strength of concrete caused by calcium chloride
units (e.g. pillars and beams for based de-icing salts
road and railway viaducts, cooling
towers, chimneys, underpasses,
retaining walls, applications in coastal
areas, basins, canals, faces of dams, by hand or mechanical abrasion or by using a
hydro-demolition system or a hydro-scarifier.
columns, balcony fronts).
The last two techniques, which use high-pressure
The surface to be treated must be water, are particularly recommended because
sound and perfectly clean. the reinforcement rods are not damaged and the
Remove all cement laitance, flaky structures are not subject to vibration which
parts and traces of powder, grease, could cause the onset of small cracks in adjacent
oil and form release agents by concrete.
sand-blasting, or wash down with Once the rust has been completely removed by
Private terrace,
Cereseto high-pressure water jets. sandblasting, carry out the repair with a pre-blended
(Alessandria) - Italy If the structure to be waterproofed and mortar from the Mapegrout or Planitop range.
protected with Mapelastic is in poor Absorbent surfaces to be treated with Mapelastic
condition, remove the damaged parts must be slightly dampened beforehand with water.
Mapelastic: t wo-component flexible cementitious membrane for waterproofing balconies, terraces,
bathrooms, swimming pools and for protecting concrete in compliance with the requirements
of EN 14891 and EN 1504-2, EN 1504-9 coating (C) principles PI, MC and IR

TECHNICAL DATA (typical values)

PRODUCT IDENTITY

comp. A comp. B

Consistency: powder liquid

Colour: grey white

Bulk density (g/cm³): 1.4 –

Density (g/cm³): – 1.1

Dry solids content (%): 100 50

APPLICATION DATA OF PRODUCT (at +20°C - 50% R.H.)

Colour of mix: grey

Mixing ratio: component A : component B = 3 : 1

Consistency of mix: plastic, trowelable

Density of mix (kg/m³): 1,700


Application of Drain
Density after application by spray (kg/m³): 2,200 Vertical on Mapelastic

Application temperature range: from +5°C to +35°C

Pot life of mix: 1 hour

FINAL PERFORMANCE (thickness 2.0 mm)

Acceptable limit according


Performance figures
to EN 1504-2 coating (C)
for Mapelastic
(PI, MC and IR principles)
Bond strength to concrete according to EN 1542:
1.0
– after 28 days at +20°C and 50% R.H. (N/mm²): For flexible systems
Thermal compatibility to freeze/thaw cycles with de-icing salts, with no traffic: ≥ 0.8
measured as bond strength according to EN 1542 with traffic: ≥ 1.5 0.8
(N/mm²):
Bond strength to concrete according to EN 1542:
– after 7 days at +20°C and 50% R.H. + 21 days in water not applicable 0.6
(N/mm²):
Flexibility according to DIN 53504 mod. expressed as elongation:
not applicable 30
– after 28 days at +20°C and 50% R.H. (%):
Static crack-bridging at -20°C according to EN 1062-7 expressed from class A1 (0.1 mm) class A3 (-20°C)
as maximum width of the crack (mm): to class A5 (2.5 mm) (> 0.5 mm)

class B3.1 (-20°C)


Dynamic crack-bridging at -20°C according to EN 1062-7 of No failure of the test piece
from class B1
a film of Mapelastic reinforced with Mapetex Sel, expressed after 1,000 crack cycles with
to class B4.2
as resistance to cracking cycles: movement of crack from Laying Mapelastic
0.10 to 0.30 mm on Mapenet 150
Permeability to water vapour according to EN ISO 7783-1: class I: SD < 5 m SD µ
- equivalent thickness of air SD (m): (permeable to vapour) 2.4 1,200
Impermeability to water, expressed as capillary absorption
< 0.1 < 0.05
according to EN 1062-3 (kg/m²·h0.5):
Permeability to carbon dioxide (CO2) according to EN 1062-6
> 50 > 50
- diffusion in an equivalent thickness of air SDCO2 (m):
according to class
Reaction to fire (Euroclass): C, s1 - d0
declared by manufacturer

Acceptable limit Performance figures


according to EN 14891 for Mapelastic

Impermeability to water under pressure according to


no penetration no penetration
EN 14891-A.7 (1.5 bar for 7 days of positive lift):
Crack-bridging ability at +20°C according to EN 14891-A.8.2
> 0.75 0.9
(mm):
Crack-bridging ability at -20°C according to
> 0.75 0.8
EN 14891-A.8.3 (mm):

Initial bond strength according to EN 14891-A.6.2 (N/mm²): > 0.5 0.8

Bond strength after immersion in water according to


> 0.5 0.55
EN 14891-A.6.3 (N/mm²):
Bond strength after application of heat source according
> 0.5 1.2
to EN 14891-A.6.5 (N/mm²):
Laying Granirapid on a
Bond strength after freeze-thaw cycles according to terrace waterproofed
> 0.5 0.6
EN 14891-A.6.6 (N/mm²):
with Mapelastic
Bond strength after immersion in basic water according
> 0.5 0.6
to EN 14891-A.6.9 (N/mm²):

Bond values according to EN 14891 measured using Mapelastic and a C2-type cementitious adhesive according to EN 12004
B) Waterproofing terraces, balconies before it is poured into the hopper of
and swimming pools the pump.
•C  EMENTITIOUS SCREEDS:
– s etting cracks or cracks caused by Manual application of the mortar
plastic or hygrometric shrinkage must Apply Mapelastic within 60 minutes of
be filled beforehand with Eporip; mixing.
Skim the prepared surface to a feather
– if thicknesses of up to 30 mm have to edge with a thin layer of Mapelastic with
be levelled out (to create slopes, fill in a smooth trowel then, while the first coat
dips, etc.) use Planitop Fast 330 or is still fresh, apply a second coat to form
Adesilex P4. a final thickness at least 2 mm thick.

•E
 XISTING FLOORS: When waterproofing terraces, balconies,
–e
 xisting floors and coverings in ceramic, basins and swimming pools, we
porcelain tiles, clinker or terracotta, etc. recommend embedding Mapenet 150
must be well bonded to the substrate alkali-resistant reinforcement mesh in the
and free of substances which could first coat of Mapelastic while it is still wet.
compromise the bonding, such as The mesh must also be used in areas with
grease, oil, wax, paint, etc; either small cracks or in areas which are
under particular stress.
– t o remove material that could affect the
adhesion of Mapelastic, clean the floor After the mesh has been laid, finish off
with a mixture of water and 30% caustic the surface with a flat trowel and apply
soda, then thoroughly rinse the floor a second layer of Mapelastic when the
with clean water to eliminate all traces first one has set (after 4-5 hours). Waterproofing a
swimming pool with
of caustic soda. Mapelastic
After applying Mapelastic, wait 5 days
•R
 ENDERS: for curing before laying ceramic tiles.
–c
 ementitious renders must be In favourable climatic conditions and with
sufficiently cured (7 days per mm of good temperatures this period may be
thickness in good weather conditions), reduced to 24 hours on damp substrates.
well bonded to the substrate, resistant
Laying ceramic tiles on Mapelastic
and free from all dust and paint;
•B
 ALCONIES AND TERRACES:
–d
 ampen absorbent surfaces to be –b
 ond in place using a C2 class
treated beforehand with water. cementitious adhesive such as Keraflex
or Keraflex Maxi S1 or, for more rapid
Close up of the waterproofing layer setting, a C2F class adhesive such as
In the waterproofing sector, more than Granirapid or Ultralite S1 Quick.
in any other sector, it is essential that
particular attention is paid to details, –g
 rout the joints with a CG2 class
which alone are capable of making a cementitious product such as
Keracolor FF or Keracolor GG mixed
difference. This is why Mapeband TPE,
with Fugolastic or Ultracolor Plus;
Mapeband and other special accessory
articles are indispensable and a
– s eal the movement joints with a
determining factor.
special MAPEI elastic sealant (such
Mapeband TPE is used to seal structural as Mapeflex PU45, Mapesil AC or
joints and joints subject to high dynamic Mapesil LM. Other types of sealant Laying ceramic tiles
stress, Mapeband is used to waterproof may be required for specific service on Mapelastic in a
check joints, fillet joints between horizontal conditions: please refer to the MAPEI swimming pool
and vertical elements and special kits from Technical Services Department).
the Drain range are used to seal drain
holes. It is imperative that special care is •S
 WIMMING POOLS:
in these critical areas after levelling and –b
 ond ceramic tiles in place using a C2
cleaning the substrate and before applying class cementitious adhesive (Keraflex
the cementitious waterproofing mortar. or Keraflex Maxi S1) or a C2F class
rapid adhesive (Granirapid or Ultralite
Preparation of the mortar S1 Quick). For mosaic, on the other
Pour component B (liquid) into a hand, use Adesilex P10 + Isolastic
suitable, clean container, then slowly add mixed with 50% water (class C2TE);
component A (powder) while stirring
with a mechanical mixer. –g
 rout the joints with a CG2 class
Carefully mix Mapelastic for a few cementitious product (Keracolor FF/
minutes, making sure that no powder Keracolor GG mixed with Fugolastic
remains stuck to the sides or the bottom or Ultracolor Plus) or with an RG
of the container. class epoxy product (of the Kerapoxy
Keep stirring until a perfectly homogenous range of product);
mix is obtained.
Use a low-speed mechanical mixer for – s eal the joints with Mapesil AC silicone
this operation to avoid too much air being sealant.
dragged into the mix.
Do not prepare the mix by hand. Application of the mortar Swimming pool
Preparation of Mapelastic may also be by spraying waterproofed with
carried out with a mortar mixer, which is After preparing the surface (see paragraph Mapelastic: Scarioni
Leisure Centre -
usually supplied with mortar sprayers. on “Preparation of the substrate”), apply Milan - Italy
If this technique is used, make sure that Mapelastic with a spray gun with a lance
the mix is homogenous and has no lumps fitting suitable for use with smoothing
mortars, at a minimum thickness not less of air enriched with 30% of CO2), and shows
than 2 mm per layer. how Mapelastic is completely impermeable
If a thicker layer is required, Mapelastic to this aggressive substance (Fig. 5). The
must be applied in several coats. Mapelastic membrane also protects the
Successive coats must only be applied when concrete from the action of sodium chloride
the previous one is dry (after 4-5 hours). (for example seawater).
In areas with small cracks or which are highly
stressed, insertion of Mapenet 150 in the first Figure 3 shows how Mapelastic completely
layer of fresh Mapelastic is recommended. blocks infiltration of salt into the concrete
Immediately after laying the mesh, Mapelastic which is, in itself, very porous and may be
must be smoothed off with a flat trowel. easily penetrated. Mapelastic also provides
If the mesh needs to be encapsulated, a an impenetrable barrier against calcium
further layer of Mapelastic may be applied chloride (CaCl2) based de-icing salts, which
with a spray gun. have a destructive action on even the highest
When Mapelastic is used for protecting quality concrete.
beams and columns on bridges, railway
underpasses and façades on buildings etc., Figure 4 shows the reduction in mechanical
the product may be painted using products resistance (initially 65 N/mm²) of concrete
from the Elastocolor range, which are permanently immersed in a solution of
acrylic resin-based water dispersions and 30% CaCl2. In this case, too, Mapelastic
are available in a wide range of colours offers efficient protection of the concrete,
which may be obtained using the ColorMap® and prevents the salt from carrying out its
automatic colouring system. aggressive and destructive action on the
If Mapelastic is used, on the other hand, to concrete.
protect horizontal surfaces not used for foot
traffic such as flat roofs, it may be painted Cleaning
over with Elastocolor Waterproof acrylic Due to the high bonding strength
resin-based flexible paint in water dispersion. of Mapelastic, even on metals, it is
Elastocolor Waterproof is available in a recommended to wash work tools with
wide range of colours obtained using the water before the mortar sets. Once it has
ColorMap® automatic colouring system set, cleaning may only be carried out by
and must be applied at least 20 days after mechanical means.
applying Mapelastic.
CONSUMPTION
Precautions to be taken during Manual application:
and after application approx. 1.7 kg/m² per mm of thickness.
Spray gun application: Example of Mapelastic
• No special precautions need to be taken applied on a viaduct by
when the temperature is around +20°C. approx. 2.2 kg/m² per mm of thickness. spraying

• During hot weather, it is advisable to keep NB: The consumption figures indicated are
the product out of direct sunlight (powder for a seamless film applied on a flat surface
and liquid). and will be higher on uneven surfaces.

PACKAGING
• After application, and in particularly dry,
Units of 32 kg:
hot or windy weather, it is recommended to
component A: 24 kg bags:
protect the surface from rapid evaporation
component B: 8 kg tanks.
by covering it with sheets.
Upon request, component B may also be
supplied in 1000 kg tanks.
TECHNICAL PERFORMANCE DATA Units of 16 kg:
The technical data table contains the 2 6 kg bags and 1 4 kg drum.
identification and application data for the
product. Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4 illustrate some STORAGE
of Mapelastic’s characteristics. Mapelastic component A may be stored
for up to 12 months in its original packaging.
Figure 1 shows the load diagram for The product complies with the conditions of
evaluating the product’s crack-bridging Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) N° 1907/2006
capacity. The sample to which Mapelastic (REACH), item 47.
was applied, on the underside of the beam, is
subjected to increasing loads in the middle. Mapelastic component B may be stored
The crack-bridging capacity of Mapelastic up to 24 months.
is determined by measuring the maximum
width of the crack in the concrete at the Keep Mapelastic in a dry place and at a
moment Mapelastic fractures. temperature of at least +5°C.
The degree of protection offered by
Mapelastic to the concrete substrate is not SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR
limited to a simple “covering” of subsequent PREPARATION AND APPLICATION
cracks provoked by heavy loads, shrinkage, Mapelastic component A contains cement
temperature variations etc. Mapelastic itself that when in contact with sweat or other body
is also very resistant to chemical attack, fluids causes irritant alkaline reaction and
as illustrated by the results of the following allergic reactions to those predisposed. It can
tests, and offers good protection for the cause damage to eyes. In case of contact
concrete against carbonation and, therefore, with eyes or skin wash immediately with
subsequent corrosion of the reinforcing rods. plenty of water and seek medical attention.
Mapelastic component B is not considered
Figure 2 is a graph which compares dangerous according to the current regulation
accelerated carbonation (in an atmosphere regarding the classification of mixtures. It is Example of Mapelastic
applied on a dam by
spraying
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Ma

Any reproduction of texts, photos and illustrations published


here is prohibited and subject to prosecution
recommended to wear gloves and goggles this reason, anyone who intends to use the
and to take the usual precautions taken for product must ensure beforehand that it is
the handling of chemicals. suitable for the envisaged application. In
For further and complete information about every case, the user alone is fully responsible
the safe use of our product please refer to for any consequences deriving from the use
the latest version of our Material Safety Data of the product.
Sheet.
Please refer to the current version of the
PRODUCT FOR PROFESSIONAL USE. Technical Data Sheet, available from our
website www.mapei.com
WARNING
Although the technical details and
recommendations contained in this product
data sheet correspond to the best of our All relevant references
for the product are available
331-9-2015 (GB x FAR EAST)
knowledge and experience, all the above
information must, in every case, be taken as upon request and from
merely indicative and subject to confirmation www.mapei.com
after long-term practical application; for

BUILDING THE FUTURE