Sie sind auf Seite 1von 23

For Four Decades 1901-2000 2013 Standard Catalog of

WORLD
The Most Important Book On World Coins 40th Edition

WORLD COINS
The world coin market is vast and volatile. You need a trusted and respected
resource to makes sense of it all. And this is it.

2013 Standard Catalog of


The 2013 Standard Catalog of® World Coins, 1901-2000, 40th Edition,
offers information from more than 120 experts worldwide and data
from a variety of Internet sources, including popular on-line auction

COINS
sites. With few exceptions, the coin values have risen over those in
previous catalogs, and in certain cases, those values have increased
substantially.

From collectors to dealers to researchers, everyone depends on


this single reference. The Standard Catalog of® World Coins has
been the hobby’s central information source for 40 years.

An impressive and immense work, each coin listing in the


catalog provides:
• Up-to-date values listed by date, mintmark and grade
• Globally accepted KM reference numbers
1901-2000 40th Edition
• Clear descriptions of the coin’s design features GEORGE S. CUHAJ, EDITOR • THOMAS MICHAEL, MARKET ANALYST
Coins minted in silver, gold, platinum and palladium offer the following
additional information for charting a course in the turbulent precious
metals market:
• Total coin weight
• Fineness
• Actual precious metal weight

®
The 2013 Standard Catalog of® World Coins, 1901-2000 is the
coin catalog you’ve come to depend on and the one you can
trust as the best value in world numismatics.
About the Editors

George Cuhaj is nearly a 19-year veteran of the Krause Publications


numismatic catalog staff. Before becoming an editor with the
Standard Catalog of® World Coin series he was the computer systems
operator at the American Numismatic Society and a cataloger for
Stack’s Rare Coins, both of New York City. Cuhaj is a past president
of the American Medallic Sculpture Association and his art medal
creations have been shown internationally.

Thomas Michael holds a bachelor of arts degree in history and a master


of arts degree in economics. For nearly 25 years, Michael has served as
CUHAJ
market analyst for Krause Publications’ prestigious world coin catalogs.
W7382
US $70.00
(CAN $73.50) MICHAEL 60,000
ISBN-13: 978-1-4402-2962-6
ISBN-10: 1-4402-2962-7

57000
Actual-Size
Illustrations
EAN

The World’s Best-Selling Coin Books


UPC
cnVlZ2VyAE8QHjECMTMDMTAwATEFVVBD

74962 01435
JUYrVyBQdWJsaWNhdGlvbnMsIEluYyAo
SW9sYSBkaXZpc2lvbikPR3JlZ29yeSBL
LUEMMDc0OTYyMDE0MzUxdA==

0 1
04 0120

www.shopnumismaster.com
FnL1
01
02
03
04

cnVlZ2VyAE8QGbAEMTAuNAI4MAExBkVB
JUYrVyBQdWJsaWNhdGlvbnMsIEluYyAo
SW9sYSBkaXZpc2lvbikPR3JlZ29yeSBL
Ti0xMw05NzgxNDQwMjI5NjI2AA==

9 781440 229626
FnL1
02
04
01
03 04 0124

W7382_SCWC1901-2000cvr.indd 1 4/9/12 1:27:51 PM


W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 1 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

2013 Standard Catalog of ®

WORLD
1901-2000
COINS 40th Edition

George S. Cuhaj, Editor • Thomas Michael, Market Analyst • Harry Miller, U.S. Market Analyst
Deborah McCue, Database Specialist • Kay Sanders, Editorial Assistant

Special Contributors
Melvyn Kassenoff
 Eric J. vanLoon
Craig Keplinger


Bullion Value (VB) Market Valuations


Valuations for all platinum, gold, palladium and silver coins of the more common, basically bullion types, or those
possessing only modest numismatic premiums are presented in this edition based on the market ranges of:
$ $
1,750 per ounce for platinum 1,750 per ounce for gold
$ $
750 per ounce for palladium 35.00 per ounce for silver
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 2 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

Copyright ©2012 F+W Media, Inc.

All rights reserved. No portion of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted


in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy,
recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in
writing from the publisher, except by a reviewer who may quote brief passages in a
critical article or review to be printed in a magazine or newspaper, or electronically
transmitted on radio, television, or the Internet.

Published by

Krause Publications, a division of F+W Media, Inc.


700 East State Street • Iola, WI 54990-0001
715-445-2214 • 888-457-2873
www.krausebooks.com

To order books or other products call toll-free 1-800-258-0929


or visit us online at www.shopnumismaster.com

ISSN 1939-814X
ISBN-13: 978-1-4402-2962-6
ISBN-10: 1-4402-2962-7

Cover Design by Jana Tappa


Designed by Sandi Carpenter
Edited by George Cuhaj

Printed in The United States of America


W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 3 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

INTRODUCTION 3

INTRODUCTION
You hold in your hand the latest in the long and large specialized catalogs, those came about, such as the
series of Standard Catalog of ® World Coins books. This Standard Catalog of ® German Coins (now enjoying
40th edition of the longest running annual world coin a third edition) and Unusual World Coins, now in a
catalog represents a great deal of hard work, dedication sixth edition.
and years of development from hundreds of loyal Our web-based catalog found at
contributors comprised of coin collectors, coin dealers, www.numismaster.com offers everything one sees in
editors, researchers, photographers, designers and the printed catalogs plus even more information, such
issuing authorities. as coin designer identifications. A subscriber to the
Beginning with the ideas of original authors Chester database can keep abreast of current prices that are
L. Krause and Clifford Mishler, the Standard Catalog of® continually updated, as well as new issues that are
World Coins was brought into our hobby in 1972 as the constantly being added.
largest and most comprehensive world coin reference We would like to take a moment to ask a favor of
available. Those first few editions in the early 1970s you, our readers. While you use the various volumes of
offered world coin data for all countries from the mid- the Standard Catalog we ask that you keep in mind that
1800s to the then current day. There were photographs this is an ever changing, developing and expanding
of many of the coins, plenty of information on metal series of reference books. It is a project which does
content, descriptions of types and varieties, date listings require your attention. Watch over it carefully; keep an
and of course values presented in multiple grades of eye out for possible errors and omissions. Contact the
preservation. It was all that a hobbyist would want, in editorial staff with your observations and ideas.
one complete package. Be a part of your hobby through the pages of the
But of course, the burgeoning expanse of the world most recognized and respected world coin reference on
coin hobby brought with it new requirements for added the planet!
dates. Over time we found that collectors wanted
information on earlier time periods, and so our database Best Wishes,
of information was expanded to include coin listings first The editorial staff of the Standard Catalog of ®
from the 1700s, then the 1600s and now even some World Coins
listings into the mid-1500s. Related areas to circulating
coins were also researched and developed into our base
of knowledge. Patterns, piedfort, trial strikes and essais www.numismaster.com
were also added. Token issues were compiled for areas
and eras where regular issue coinage was scarce or
non-existent.
Many experts lent their knowledge and time to these TABLE OF CONTENTS
various expansions and to them our hobby is most Country Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
indebted. Many editors have come and gone over the User’s Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
years and our staff of experts has over time included
some of the most dedicated, interesting and well-known Grading Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
people one could ever hope to meet. Along the way the International Numerals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
primary concern for everyone has been to expand the Instant Identifier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
available base of knowledge and to present as much of
what we have learned as possible in an affordable and Silver Bullion Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
manageable book form to all to use and enjoy. Gold Bullion Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Over the years this base of knowledge has come to Foreign Exchange Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
encompass a full 400 years and is now rapidly
expanding into the fifth century of date. This set of five Illustrated Guide to Eastern Mint Names. . 35
volumes represents the most cost-effective and Hejira Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
complete numismatic library available in the world today! Catalog Listings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
In that we can all take a moment of pride and honor.
However, we should never pause for very long, as Contributing to the Catalog . . . . . . . . . . 2300
there are always new territories to conquer. As in the A Guide to International Numerics . . . . 2301
past, when we have found a need to offer more
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 4 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

4 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Many individuals have contributed countless changes, which have been incorporated into previous and now this thirty seventh edition.
While all may not be acknowledged, special appreciation is extended to the following who have exhibited a special enthusiasm for this edition.
Dr. Laurence Adams Eric G. Dawson, M.D. Ronachai Krisadaolarn Ivan Rakitin
Esko Ahlroth Konstantinos Dellios Samson Kin Chiu Lai Tony Raymond
Stephen Album Jean-Paul Divo Aditya Kulkarni William M. Rosenblum
Antonio Alessandrini James R. Douglas Joseph E. Lang Egon Conti Rossini
Scott Annechino Stephen Eccles Alex Lazarovici Remy Said
Attilio Armiento Wilhelm R. Eglseer Ma Tak Wo Leon Saryan
Mitchell A. Battino Esko Ekman Ranko Mandik Erwin Schäffer
Albert Beck John Ferm Miguel Angel Pratt Mayans Jacco Scheper
Anton Belcev Andrzej Fischer Bill McKay Gerhard Schön
Jan Bendix Thomas F. Fitzgerald Phil McLoughlin Dr. Wolfgang Schuster
Richard Benson Joe Flores Jürgen Mikeska Alexander Shapiro
Wolfgang Bertsch Eugene Freeman Juozas Minikevicius Ole Sjoelund
Peter N. Berger Arthur M. Friedberg Robert Mish Evizan Sku........
Allen G. Berman Tom Galway Ing. Benjamin M. Mizrachi R. Gylfi Snorrason
Sharon Blocker Dennis Gill Dr. Richard Montrey Clark Smith
Joseph E. Boling Lawrence Goldberg Paul Montz Alim A. Sumana
Richard Borek jun. Ron Guth Edward Moschetti Peter Swanston
Al Boulanger Marcel Häberling Horst-Dieter Müller Steven Tan
Klaus Bronny J. Halfpenny Arkady Nakhimovsky Mehmet Tolga Taner
Mahdi Bseiso Flemming Lyngbeck Hansen Michael G. Nielsen M. Louis Teller
John T. Bucek David Harrison Bill Noyes Anthony Tumonis
Chris Budesa Istvan Hegedus Gus A. Pappas Erik J. Van Loon
Doru Calin Emmanuel Henry Janusz Parchimowicz Carmen Viciedo
Charles R. Carlson Anton Holt Frank Passic Wakim Wakim
Henry K. H. Chan Serge Huard Marc Pelletier Justin Wang
Peter A. Chase Charles Huff Juan Pena Paul Welz
Raul Chirila Nelva G. Icaza Andreas G. Pitsillides Stewart Westdal
Fred L. Colombo Ton Jacobs Gastone Polacco J. Brix Westergaard
Scott E. Cordry A. K. Jain Luis R. Ponte Puigbo J. Hugh Witherow
Luis V. Costa Hector Carlos Janson Frank Putrow Ishagh Yousefzadeh
Freeman Craig Alex Kaglyan Arif Qureshi Joseph Zaffern
Vincent Craven-Bartle Melvyn Kassenoff Yahya Qureshi
Jed Crump Craig Keplinger Mircea Raicopol
Raymond E. Czahor George Katsikis Dr. Dennis G. Rainey

AUCTION HOUSES
Dixon-Noonan-Webb Fritz Rudolf Künker Ponterio & Associates
Heritage World Coin Auctions Leu Numismatik AG Stack’s
Hess-Divo Ltd. Münzenhandlung Harald Möller, GmbH UBS, AG
Gerhard Hirsch MPO Auctions World Wide Coins of California
Thomas Høiland Møntauktion Noble Numismatics, Pty. Ltd.

WORLD MINTS, CENTRAL BANKS AND DISTRIBUTORS


Austrian Mint Imprensa Nacional - Mint of Finland, Ltd. Royal Canadian Mint
Banco de Mexico Casa da Moeda, S.A. Mint of Norway Royal Dutch Mint
Banque Centrale Israel Coins & Medals Corp. Monnaie de Paris Royal Thai Mint
Du Luxembourg Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca Moscow Mint SamlerHuset Group B.V.
Black Mountain Coins dello Stato I.p.A. National Bank of the Republic Servei D’Emissions Principat
Casa de la Moneda de Cuba Jablonex Group - of Belarus D’Andorra
Central Bank of D.P.R. Korea - Division of Czech Mint National Bank of Ukraine Singapore Mint
Kumbyol Trading Corp. Japan Mint New Zealand Mint SoftSky, Inc.
Central Bank of the Kazakhstan Mint Numiscom South African Mint
Russian Fed. KOMSCO - South Korea Numistrade Gmbh & Co. kg. Staatliche Munze Berlin
CIT Latvijas Banka Omni Trading B.V. Staatliche Munze Baden-
Coin Mercantile Exchange Lietuvos Bankas PandaAmerica Wurttemberg
Czech National Bank Lithuanian Mint Perth Mint Talisman Coins
Educational Coin Company Magyar Penzvero Zrt. Pobjoy Mint Thailand Treasury Department
Faude & Huguenin Mayer’s Mint GmbH Real Casa de la Moneda - Spain Ufficio Filatelico e Numismatico
Global Coins & Medals Ltd. - MDM Royal Mint - Vatican
Official Sales Company of Mennica Polska Royal Australian Mint United States Mint
the Bulgarian Mint Mincovna Kremnica Royal Belgian Mint
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 5 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

COUNTRY INDEX 5

COUNTRY INDEX
Afghanistan................................ 45 Bhaunagar.............................. 1084 Cayman Islands ....................... 376
Aguascalientes ....................... 1517 Bhutan ..................................... 243 Central African Republic .......... 386
Ajman ........................................ 58 Biafra ....................................... 250 Central African States .............. 387
Albania ....................................... 60 Bidudal................................... 1079 Central Asia.............................. 388
Alderney..................................... 67 Biritish India........................... 1107 Ceylon...................................... 391
Alger .......................................... 70 Bohemia & Moravia ................. 251 Chad ........................................ 394
Algeria........................................ 70 Bolivia ...................................... 252 Chekiang.................................. 416
American Samoa........................ 74 Bone .......................................... 70 Chiconcuautla ........................ 1528
Anam ..................................... 2251 Bosnia-Herzegovina ................. 255 Chihli........................................ 417
Andorra...................................... 75 Botswana ................................. 260 Chihuahua.............................. 1517
Angola........................................ 86 Bougie........................................ 70 Chile......................................... 396
Anguilla...................................... 89 Brazil........................................ 263 Chilpancingo.......................... 1521
Anhalt-Dessau.......................... 859 Bremen .................................... 863 China........................................ 405
Anhwei..................................... 414 British Caribbean Territories .... 714 China, Empire .......................... 406
Antigua ...................................... 91 British Guiana ........................ 1035 China, Peoples Republic .......... 469
Antigua & Barbuda..................... 91 British Guiana and West Indies Chinese Soviet Republic .......... 536
Argentina ................................... 91 ........................................... 1035 Cocos Islands ........................ 1325
Armavir .................................. 1839 British Honduras ...................... 275 Colombia.................................. 539
Armenia ................................... 100 British North Borneo ................ 277 Comoros.................................. 550
Aruba ....................................... 103 British Virgin Islands................ 277 Congo Free State...................... 551
Ascension Island...................... 105 British West Africa ................... 291 Congo Republic ....................... 551
Atlixtac ................................... 1520 Brunei ...................................... 296 Constantine................................ 70
Australia................................... 107 Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel........... 863 Cook Islands ............................ 555
Austria ..................................... 149 Buelna.................................... 1528 Culion Island.......................... 1707
Azerbaijan ................................ 172 Bukhara.................................... 388 Darfur .................................... 1986
Azores...................................... 173 Bulgaria.................................... 300 Datia ...................................... 1086
Baden....................................... 860 Bundi ..................................... 1084 Dewas.................................... 1086
Bahamas .................................. 174 Burma .................................... 1561 Dominica.................................. 701
Bahawalpur ............................ 1083 Burundi .................................... 317 Dominican Republic................. 702
Bahrain .................................... 191 Cabo Blanco........................... 2249 Dungarpur.............................. 1086
Bangladesh .............................. 193 Cacahuatepec......................... 1520 Durango................................. 1518
Barbados.................................. 194 Cacalotepec............................ 1521 East Africa................................ 710
Baroda ................................... 1083 Cambay.................................. 1085 East Africa and Uganda............ 710
Bavaria ..................................... 861 Cambodia......................... 318, 321 East Caribbean States .............. 714
Belarus..................................... 201 Cameroon ................................ 322 East Caribbean Territories........ 715
Belgian Congo.......................... 204 Campo Mordo........................ 1521 Eastern Arden Protectorate .... 2268
Belgium.................................... 206 Canada..................................... 324 Eastern Turkestan .................... 460
Belize ....................................... 222 Cape Verde............................... 373 Ecuador.................................... 717
Benin........................................ 231 Carrasco ................................ 1528 Egypt........................................ 722
Bermuda .................................. 234 Catamarca.................................. 99 El Salvador............................... 759
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 6 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

6 COUNTRY INDEX

Equatorial African States.......... 763 Guadalajara ............................ 1522 Ivory Coast............................. 1281
Equatorial Guinea..................... 764 Guadeloupe............................ 1014 Jaipur..................................... 1091
Eritrea ...................................... 773 Guatemala.............................. 1014 Jalisco.................................... 1522
Estado de Mexico................... 1522 Guernsey................................ 1020 Jamaica.................................. 1282
Estonia ..................................... 776 Guerrero ................................ 1519 Japan ..................................... 1296
Ethiopia.................................... 778 Guinea.................................... 1028 Jersey .................................... 1308
Faeroe Islands.......................... 783 Guinea-Bissau........................ 1033 Jodhpur ................................. 1093
Falkland Islands ....................... 783 Guyana................................... 1035 Jordan.................................... 1316
Fengtien ................................... 419 Gwalior .................................. 1086 Junagadh ............................... 1095
Fiji ............................................ 791 Haiti ....................................... 1037 Kampuchea.............................. 320
Finland ..................................... 799 Hamburg.................................. 864 Kansu....................................... 432
France ...................................... 808 Heilungkiang ............................ 422 Katanga.................................. 1322
French Afars & Issas................ 841 Hejaz ...................................... 1046 Kazakhstan............................. 1323
French Equatorial Africa ........... 841 Hejaz & Nejd .......................... 1893 Keeling Cocos Islands............ 1325
French Equatorial Africa, Hesse-Darmstadt ..................... 865 Kelantan................................. 1439
Cameroon............................. 322 Honan ...................................... 422 Kenya..................................... 1326
French Indo-China.................... 842 Honduras ............................... 1047 Khiva........................................ 389
French Oceania ........................ 845 Hong Kong............................. 1050 Khmere Republic ..................... 319
French Polynesia...................... 845 Hsiang-o-His............................ 537 Kiangnan.................................. 433
French Somaliland ................... 847 Hunan ...................................... 425 Kiangsi..................................... 437
French West Africa................... 848 Hunan ...................................... 537 Kiangsi..................................... 536
Fujairah .................................... 848 Hungary ................................. 1055 Kiangsu-Chingkiang................. 439
Fukien ...................................... 420 Hupeh ...................................... 430 Kiangsu-Kiangsoo.................... 440
Gabon ...................................... 850 Hupeh-Honan-Anwhei.............. 537 Kiau Chau............................... 1329
Gambia .................................... 851 Hyderabad.............................. 1087 Kiribati ................................... 1329
Gelderland.............................. 1599 Iceland ................................... 1078 Kirin ......................................... 442
Georgia .................................... 856 India, British .......................... 1107 Kishangarh............................. 1096
German East Africa .................. 857 India, Portuguese................... 1105 Korea ..................................... 1332
German States ......................... 859 India, Princely States ............. 1082 Korea, North .......................... 1334
Germany, India, Republic....................... 1116 Korea, South.......................... 1352
Democratic Republic ............ 912 Indonesia ............................... 1135 Kotah ..................................... 1097
Germany, Empire ..................... 876 Indore .................................... 1091 Kutch ..................................... 1097
Germany, Federal Republic ...... 891 Iran ........................................ 1140 Kuwait.................................... 1359
Germany, Third Reich .............. 887 Iraq ........................................ 1156 Kwangsi-Kwangsea.................. 444
Germany, Weimar Republic ..... 880 Ireland, Republic.................... 1161 Kwangtung............................... 445
Ghana ...................................... 923 Irian Barat .............................. 1139 Kweichow ................................ 446
Ghent ....................................... 222 Irish Free State....................... 1161 Kyrgyzstan ............................. 1361
Gibraltar ................................... 926 Isla de Providencia................. 2249 La Rioja.................................... 100
Great Britain............................. 978 Isle of Man............................. 1165 Lao......................................... 1361
Greece.................................... 1003 Israel...................................... 1238 Latvia ..................................... 1367
Greeland................................. 1012 Italian Somaliland .................. 1265 Lebanon................................. 1371
Grenada ................................. 1013 Italy........................................ 1266 Lesotho.................................. 1373
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 7 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

COUNTRY INDEX 7

Liberia.................................... 1378 Muscat & Oman..................... 1559 Qatar ...................................... 1771


Libya ...................................... 1414 Myanmar................................ 1561 Qatar & Dubai ........................ 1771
Liechtenstein.......................... 1416 Nagorno-Karabakh................. 1564 R.S.F.S.R. .............................. 1791
Lippe-Detmold ......................... 865 Namibia.................................. 1564 Ras al-Khaimah...................... 1772
Lithuania ................................ 1417 Nauru..................................... 1566 Reunion ................................. 1774
Liverpool, N.S.W...................... 147 Nepal...................................... 1567 Reuss-Obergreiz ...................... 869
Lubeck ..................................... 866 Netherlands............................ 1589 Reuss-Obergreiz ...................... 869
Lunavada ............................... 1100 Netherlands Antilles ............... 1599 Rhodesia................................ 1775
Luxembourg .......................... 1421 Netherlands East Indies ......... 1604 Rhodesia & Nyasaland........... 1776
Macau .................................... 1425 New Caledonia ....................... 1606 Riau Archipelago.................... 1139
Macedonia ............................. 1432 New Guinea............................ 1608 Romania ................................ 1777
Madagascar ........................... 1433 New Hebrides......................... 1609 Ruanda-Urundi ........................ 205
Madeira Islands...................... 1436 New Zealand .......................... 1610 Russia, Empire....................... 1788
Malagasy Republic................. 1434 Newfoundland.......................... 371 Russia, Federation ................. 1809
Malawi ................................... 1436 Nicaragua............................... 1624 Russian Caucasia................... 1839
Malay Peninsula..................... 1439 Niger ...................................... 1631 Rwanda.................................. 1839
Malaya ................................... 1440 Nigeria ................................... 1632 Rwanda-Burundi.................... 1841
Malaya & British Borneo ........ 1441 Niue ....................................... 1633 S. Tomé e Príncipe................. 1851
Malaysia................................. 1441 North Korea ........................... 1334 Saarland................................. 1841
Maldive Islands ...................... 1447 North Viet Nam ...................... 2252 Saharawi Arab Democratic
Maler Kotla............................. 1100 Norway .................................. 1641 Republic ............................. 1842
Mali........................................ 1451 Oaxaca ................................... 1525 Sailana ................................... 1102
Malta...................................... 1452 Oldenburg ................................ 867 Saint Helena........................... 1846
Manchuria................................ 447 Oman ..................................... 1651 Saint Helena & Ascension...... 1848
Maracaibo Lazareto................ 2250 Oran........................................... 70 Saint Kitts & Nevis................. 1849
Marshall Islands..................... 1460 Ottoman Empire..................... 2093 Saint Lucia............................. 1850
Martinique.............................. 1490 Pakistan ................................. 1659 Saint Pierre & Miquelon......... 1851
Mauritania.............................. 1490 Palau...................................... 1664 Saint Thomas & Prince .......... 1851
Mauritius................................ 1491 Palestine ................................ 1668 Saint Vincent.......................... 1859
Mecklenburg-Schwerin ............ 866 Papua New Guinea................. 1669 Samoa.............................. 74, 1859
Mecklenburg-Strelitz................ 867 Paraguay................................ 1674 San Marino ............................ 1868
Mewar.................................... 1101 Patiala .................................... 1102 Santander ................................ 349
Mexico ................................... 1495 Peru ....................................... 1685 Sarawak ................................. 1892
Mexico, Revolutionary ........... 1517 Philippines ............................. 1697 Saudi Arabia........................... 1893
Moldova ................................. 1529 P-ing Chiang County ................ 537 Saxe-Altenburg ........................ 871
Monaco .................................. 1530 Pitcairn Islands ...................... 1708 Saxe-Coburg-Gotha ................. 872
Mongolia................................ 1533 Poland.................................... 1709 Saxe-Meiningen ....................... 872
Montenegro ........................... 1544 Portugal ................................. 1753 Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach ............ 873
Montserrat ............................. 1545 Portuguese Guinea................. 1032 Saxony..................................... 870
Morelos.................................. 1524 Portuguese India.................... 1105 Saxony-Albertine...................... 870
Morocco ................................ 1545 Prussia..................................... 868 Schaumburg-Lippe .................. 874
Mozambique .......................... 1554 Puebla.................................... 1528 Schleswig-Holstein .................. 874
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 8 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

8 COUNTRY INDEX

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt ......... 874 Sweden .................................. 1995 U.S.S.R. ................................. 1791


Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Switzerland ............................ 2005 Uganda .................................. 2149
............................................. 874 Syria ...................................... 2015 Ukraine .................................. 2158
Senegal .................................. 1897 Szechuan ................................. 461 Umm al-Qaiwain .................... 2167
Serbia .................................... 1899 Szechuan-Shensi ..................... 538 United Arab Emirates ............. 2168
Seychelles.............................. 1900 Tajakistan............................... 2019 United Arab Republic, Egypt .... 729
Shansi...................................... 448 Tannu Tuva ............................ 2019 United Arab Republic, Syria ... 2017
Shantung ................................. 448 Tanzania................................. 2020 United Kingdom ....................... 978
Sharjah .................................. 1908 Taxco ..................................... 1522 United States of America ....... 2172
Shensi...................................... 449 Tenancingo ............................ 1523 Uruguay ................................. 2209
Shensi-North............................ 537 Tetela del Oro y Ocampo........ 1528 Uzbekistan ............................. 2217
Siam ...................................... 2025 Thailand ................................. 2025 Valdivia .................................... 404
Sierra Leone........................... 1909 Thingeyri................................ 1079 Vanuatu.................................. 2218
Sinaloa ................................... 1528 Thule-Kap York ...................... 1013 Vatican City............................ 2221
Singapore .............................. 1916 Tibet....................................... 2047 Venezuela............................... 2243
Sinkiang................................... 449 Timor ..................................... 2055 Viet Nam ................................ 2250
Slovakia ................................. 1929 Togo ...................................... 2056 Viet Nam, North ..................... 2252
Slovenia ................................. 1934 Tokelau Islands ...................... 2057 Viet Nam, South..................... 2256
Solomon Islands .................... 1937 Toluca .................................... 1524 Waldeck-Pyrmont .................... 874
Somalia.................................. 1944 Tonga..................................... 2060 Wan-His-Pei............................. 539
Somaliland ............................. 1953 Tonk....................................... 1103 West African States................ 2257
South Africa ........................... 1953 Tonkin.................................... 2072 Wurttemberg............................ 875
South Korea ........................... 1352 Transnistria............................ 2073 Yemen.................................... 2259
South Viet Nam...................... 2256 Travancore............................. 1103 Yemen Arab Republic ............ 2264
Spitzbergen ............................ 1973 Trengganu.............................. 1440 Yemen, Democratic Rep. ....... 2269
Sri Lanka................................ 1974 Trinidad & Tobago ................. 2073 Yemen, Republic.................... 2269
Straits Settlements................. 1977 Tristan da Cunha.................... 2079 Yugoslavia ............................. 2270
Sudan .................................... 1979 Tunisia ................................... 2080 Yunnan .................................... 466
Suiyuan.................................... 461 Turkey.................................... 2093 Yunnan-Szechuan.................... 469
Suriana .................................. 1521 Turkmenistan......................... 2124 Zaïre....................................... 2283
Suriname ............................... 1987 Turks & Caicos Islands .......... 2126 Zambia................................... 2285
Swaziland............................... 1991 Tuvalu .................................... 2146 Zanzibar ................................. 2298
Zimbabwe .............................. 2298
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 9 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

HOW TO USE THIS CATALOG 9

HOW TO USE THIS CATALOG


This catalog series is designed to serve the needs of This is not always the case, however, as in Norge for
both the novice and advanced collectors. It provides a Norway, Espana for Spain, Sverige for Sweden and Hel-
comprehensive guide to over 100 years of world coinage. vetia for Switzerland. Some other examples include:
It is generally arranged so that persons with no more DEUTSCHES REICH - Germany 1873-1945
than a basic knowledge of world history and a casual BUNDESREPUBLIC DEUTSCHLAND - Federal
acquaintance with coin collecting can consult it with con- Republic of Germany.
fidence and ease. The following explanations summarize DEUTSCHE DEMOKRATISCHE REPUBLIK -
the general practices used in preparing this catalog's list- German Democratic Republic.
ings. However, because of specialized requirements, EMPIRE CHERIFIEN MAROC - Morocco.
which may vary by country and era, these must not be ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS - United Mexican
considered ironclad. Where these standards have been States (Mexico).
set aside, appropriate notations of the variations are ETAT DU GRAND LIBAN - State of Great Lebanon
incorporated in that particular listing. (Lebanon).
Thus it can be seen there are instances in which a little
ARRANGEMENT schooling in the rudiments of foreign languages can be
Countries are arranged alphabetically. Political most helpful. In general, colonial possessions of coun-
changes within a country are arranged chronologically. In tries using the Western alphabet are similarly identifiable
countries where Rulers are the single most significant as they often carry portraits of their current rulers, the
political entity, a chronological arrangement by Ruler has familiar lettering, sometimes in combination with a com-
been employed. Distinctive sub-geographic regions are panion designation in the local language.
listed alphabetically following the country’s main listings. Collectors have the greatest difficulty with coins that
A few exceptions to these rules may exist. Refer to the do not bear legends or dates in the Western systems.
Country Index. These include coins bearing Cyrillic lettering attributable
Diverse coinage types relating to fabrication methods, to Bulgaria, Russia, the Slavic states and Mongolia; the
revaluations, denomination systems, non-circulating cat- Greek script peculiar to Greece, Crete and the Ionian
egories and such have been identified, separated and Islands; the Amharic characters of Ethiopia; or Hebrew in
arranged in logical fashion. Chronological arrangement the case of Israel. Dragons and sunbursts along with the
is employed for most circulating coinage, i.e., Hammered distinctive word characters attribute a coin to the Oriental
coinage will normally precede Milled coinage, monetary countries of China, Japan, Korea, Tibet, Viet Nam and
reforms will flow in order of their institution. Non-circulat- their component parts.
ing types such as Essais, Pieforts, Patterns, Trial Strikes, The most difficult coins to identify are those bearing
Mint and Proof sets will follow the main listings. only Persian or Arabic script and its derivatives, found on
Within a coinage type coins will be listed by denomina- the issues of nations stretching in a wide swath across
tion, from smallest to largest. Numbered types within a North Africa and East Asia, from Morocco to Indonesia,
denomination will be ordered by their first date of issue. and the Indian subcontinent coinages which surely are
more confusing in their vast array of Nagari, Sanskrit,
IDENTIFICATION Ahom, Assamese and other local dialects found on the
local issues of the Indian Princely States. Although the
The most important step in the identification of a coin task of identification on the more modern issues of these
is the determination of the nation of origin. This is gener- lands is often eased by the added presence of Western
ally easily accomplished where English-speaking lands alphabet legends, a feature sometimes adopted as early
are concerned, however, use of the country index is as the late 19th Century, for the earlier pieces it is often
sometimes required. The coins of Great Britain provide necessary for the uninitiated to laboriously seek and find.
an interesting challenge. For hundreds of years the only Except for the cruder issues, however, it will be found
indication of the country of origin was in the abbreviated that certain characteristics and symbols featured in addi-
Latin legends. In recent times there have been occasions tion to the predominant legends are typical on coins from
when there has been no indication of origin. Only through a given country or group of countries. The toughra mono-
the familiarity of the monarchical portraits, symbols and gram, for instance, occurs on some of the coins of
legends or indication of currency system are they identifi- Afghanistan, Egypt, the Sudan, Pakistan, Turkey and
able. other areas of the late Ottoman Empire. A predominant
The coins of many countries beyond the English-lan- design feature on the coins of Nepal is the trident; while
guage realm, such as those of French, Italian or Spanish neighboring Tibet features a lotus blossom or lion on
heritage, are also quite easy to identify through reference many of their issues.
to their legends, which appear in the national languages To assist in identification of the more difficult coins, we
based on Western alphabets. In many instances the have assembled the Instant Identifier and Monogram
name is spelled exactly the same in English as in the sections presented on the following pages. They are
national language, such as France; while in other cases it designed to provide a point of beginning for collectors by
varies only slightly, like Italia for Italy, Belgique or Belgie allowing them to compare unidentified coins with photo-
for Belgium, Brasil for Brazil and Danmark for Denmark. graphic details from typical issues.
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 10 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

10 HOW TO USE THIS CATALOG

We also suggest reference to the Index of Coin dating; and that of the Jewish people, which commenced
Denominations presented here and also the comprehen- on Oct. 7, 3761 BC. Korea claims a legendary dating
sive Country Index, where the inscription will be found from 2333 BC, which is acknowledged in some of its coin
listed just as it appears on the coin for nations using the dating. Some coin issues of the Indonesian area carry
Western alphabet. dates determined by the Javanese Aji Saka era (AS), a
calendar of 354 days (100 Javanese years equal 97
DATING Christian or Gregorian calendar years), which can be
Coin dating is the final basic attribution consideration. matched to AD dating by comparing it to AH dating.
Here, the problem can be more difficult because the The following table indicates the year dating for the
reading of a coin date is subject not only to the vagaries various eras, which correspond to 2009 in Christian cal-
of numeric styling, but to calendar variations caused by endar reckoning, but it must be remembered that there
the observance of various religious eras or regal periods are overlaps between the eras in some instances.
from country to country, or even within a country. Here Christian era (AD) -2010
again, with the exception of the sphere from North Africa Muslim era (AH) -AH1431
through the Orient, it will be found that most countries Solar year (SH) -SH1388
rely on Western date numerals and Christian (AD) era Monarchic Solar era (MS) -MS2569
reckoning, although in a few instances, coin dating has Vikrama Samvat (VS) -VS2067
been tied to the year of a reign or government. The Vati- Saka era (SE) -SE1932
can, for example dates its coinage according to the year Buddhist era (BE) -BE2553
of reign of the current pope, in addition to the Christian- Bangkok era (RS) -RS229
era date. Chula-Sakarat era (CS) -CS1372
Countries in the Arabic sphere generally date their Ethiopian era (EE) -EE2003
coins to the Muslim era (AH), which commenced on Korean era -4343
July 16, 622 AD (Julian calendar), when the prophet Javanese Aji Saka era (AS) -AS1943
Mohammed fled from Mecca to Medina. As their calen- Fasli era (FE) -FE1420
dar is reckoned by the lunar year of 354 days, which is Jewish era (JE) -JE5770
about three percent (precisely 2.98%) shorter than the Roman -MMX
Christian year, a formula is required to convert AH dat- Coins of Asian origin - principally Japan, Korea, China,
ing to its Western equivalent. To convert an AH date to Turkestan and Tibet and some modern gold issues of
the approximate AD date, subtract three percent of the Turkey - are generally dated to the year of the govern-
AH date (round to the closest whole number) from the ment, dynasty, reign or cyclic eras, with the dates indi-
AH date and add 622. A chart converting all AH years cated in Asian characters which usually read from right to
from 1010 (July 2, 1601) to 1450 (May 25, 2028) may left. In recent years, however, some dating has been
be found elsewhere in the catalog under the name according to the Christian calendar and in Western
Hejira Date Chart. numerals. In Japan, Asian character dating was reversed
The Muslim calendar is not always based on the lunar to read from left to right in Showa year 23 (1948 AD).
year (AH), however, causing some confusion, particularly More detailed guides to less prevalent coin dating sys-
in Afghanistan and Iran, where a calendar based on the tems, which are strictly local in nature, are presented with
solar year (SH) was introduced around 1920. These the appropriate listings.
dates can be converted to AD by simply adding 621. In Some coins carry dates according to both locally
1976 the government of Iran implemented a new solar observed and Christian eras. This is particularly true in
calendar based on the foundation of the Iranian monar- the Arabic world, where the Hejira date may be indicated
chy in 559 BC. The first year observed on the new calen- in Arabic numerals and the Christian date in Western
dar was 2535 (MS), which commenced March 20, 1976. numerals, or both dates in either form.
A reversion to the traditional SH dating standard The date actually carried on a given coin is generally
occurred a few years later. cataloged here in the first column (Date) to the right of
Several different eras of reckoning, including Christian the catalog number. If this date is by a non-Christian dat-
and Muslim (AH), have been used to date coins of the ing system, such as 'AH' (Muslim), the Christian equiva-
Indian subcontinent. The two basic systems are the lent date will appear in parentheses(), for example
Vikrama Samvat (VS), which dates from Oct. 18, 58 BC, AH1336(1917). Dates listed alone in the date column
and the Saka era, the origin of which is reckoned from which do not actually appear on a given coin, or dates
March 3, 78 AD. Dating according to both eras appears which are known, but do not appear on the coin, are gen-
on various coins of the area. erally enclosed by parentheses with 'ND' at the left, for
Coins of Thailand (Siam) are found dated by three dif- example ND(1926).
ferent eras. The most predominant is the Buddhist era Timing differentials between some era of reckoning,
(BE), which originated in 543 BC. Next is the Bangkok or particularly the 354-day Mohammedan and 365-day
Ratanakosindsok (RS) era, dating from 1781 AD; fol- Christian years, cause situations whereby coins which
lowed by the Chula-Sakarat (CS) era, dating from 638 carry dates for both eras exist bearing two year dates
AD. The latter era originated in Burma and is used on from one calendar combined with a single date from
that country's coins. another.
Other calendars include that of the Ethiopian era (EE), Countermarked Coinage is presented with both ‘Coun-
which commenced seven years, eight months after AD termark Date’ and ‘Host Coin’ date for each type. Actual
date representation follows the rules outlined above.
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 11 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

HOW TO USE THIS CATALOG 11

NUMBERING SYSTEM played on coins, it must be remembered that these are


general representations of characters, which individual
Some catalog numbers assigned in this volume are coin engravers may have rendered in widely varying
based on established references. This practice has been styles. Where numeric or script denominations designa-
observed for two reasons: First, when world coins are tion forms peculiar to a given coin or country apply, such
listed chronologically they are basically self-cataloging; as the script used on some Persian (Iranian) issues.
second, there was no need to confuse collectors with They are so indicated or illustrated in conjunction with the
totally new numeric designations where appropriate sys- appropriate listings.
tems already existed. As time progressed we found many
of these established systems incomplete and inadequate MINTAGES
and have now replaced many with new KM numbers.
When numbers change appropriate cross-referencing Quantities minted of each date are indicated where
has been provided. that information is available, generally stated in mil-
Some of the coins listed in this catalog are identified or lions or rounded off to the nearest 10,000 pieces when
cross-referenced by numbers assigned by R.S. Yeoman more exact figures are not available. On quantities of a
(Y#), or slight adaptations thereof, in his Modern World few thousand or less, actual mintages are generally
Coins, and Current Coins of the World. For the pre-Yeo- indicated. For combined mintage figures the abbrevia-
man dated issues, the numbers assigned by William D. tion “Inc. Above” means Included Above, while “Inc.
Craig (C#) in his Coins of the World (1750-1850 period), Below” means Included Below. “Est.” beside a mintage
3rd edition, have generally been applied. figure indicates the number given is an estimate or
In some countries, listings are cross-referenced to mintage limit.
Robert Friedberg's (FR#) Gold Coins of the World or MINT AND PRIVY MARKS
Coins of the British World. Major Fred Pridmore's (P#)
studies of British colonial coinage are also referenced, as The presence of distinctive, but frequently inconspicu-
are W.H. Valentine's (V#) references on the Modern Cop- ously placed, mintmarks indicates the mint of issue for
per Coins of the Mohammedan States. Coins issued many of the coins listed in this catalog. An appropriate
under the Chinese sphere of influence are assigned designation in the date listings notes the presence, if any,
numbers from E. Kann's (K#) Illustrated Catalog of Chi- of a mint mark on a particular coin type by incorporating
nese Coins and T.K. Hsu's (Su) work of similar title. In the letter or letters of the mint mark adjoining the date,
most cases, these cross-reference numbers are pre- i.e., 1950D or 1927R.
sented in the descriptive text for each type. The presence of mint and/or mintmaster's privy marks
on a coin in non-letter form is indicated by incorporating
DENOMINATIONS the mint letter in lower case within parentheses adjoining
The second basic consideration to be met in the attri- the date; i.e. 1927(a). The corresponding mark is illus-
bution of a coin is the determination of denomination. trated or identified in the introduction of the country.
Since denominations are usually expressed in numeric In countries such as France and Mexico, where many
rather than word form on a coin, this is usually quite eas- mints may be producing like coinage in the same denom-
ily accomplished on coins from nations which use West- ination during the same time period, divisions by mint
ern numerals, except in those instances where issues have been employed. In these cases the mint mark may
are devoid of any mention of face value, and denomina- appear next to the individual date listings and/or the mint
tion must be attributed by size, metallic composition or name or mint mark may be listed in the Note field of the
weight. Coins listed in this volume are generally illus- type description.
trated in actual size. Where size is critical to proper attri- Where listings incorporate mintmaster initials, they are
bution, the coin's millimeter size is indicated. always presented in capital letters separated from the
The sphere of countries stretching from North Africa date by one character space; i.e., 1850 MF. The different
through the Orient, on which numeric symbols generally mintmark and mintmaster letters found on the coins of
unfamiliar to Westerners are employed, often provide the any country, state or city of issue are always shown at
collector with a much greater challenge. This is particu- the beginning of listings.
larly true on nearly all pre-20th Century issues. On some METALS
of the more modern issues and increasingly so as the
years progress, Western-style numerals usually pre- Each numbered type listing will contain a description
sented in combination with the local numeric system are of the coins metallic content. The traditional coinage met-
becoming more commonplace on these coins. als and their symbolic chemical abbreviations sometimes
Determination of a coin's currency system can also be used in this catalog are:
valuable in attributing the issue to its country of origin. A Platinum - (PT) Copper - (Cu)
comprehensive alphabetical index of currency names, Gold - (Au) Brass -
applicable to the countries as cataloged in this volume, Silver - (Ag) Copper-nickel- (CN)
with all individual nations of use for each, is presented in Billion - Lead - (Pb)
this section. Nickel - (Ni) Steel -
The included table of Standard International Numeral Zinc - (Zn) Tin - (Sn)
Systems presents charts of the basic numeric designa- Bronze - (Ae) Aluminum - (Al)
tions found on coins of non-Western origin. Although During the 18th and 19th centuries, most of the world's
denomination numerals are generally prominently dis- coins were struck of copper or bronze, silver and gold.
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 12 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

12 HOW TO USE THIS CATALOG

Commencing in the early years of the 20th century, how- total precious metal content of coins has become espe-
ever, numerous new coinage metals, primarily non-pre- cially significant where bullion coins - issues which trade
cious metal alloys, were introduced. Gold has not been on the basis of their intrinsic metallic content rather than
widely used for circulation coinages since World War I, numismatic value - are concerned. In many instances,
although silver remained a popular coinage metal in most such issues have become worth more in bullion form
parts of the world until after World War II. With the disap- than their nominal collector values or denominations indi-
pearance of silver for circulation coinage, numerous addi- cate.
tional compositions were introduced to coinage Establishing the weight of a coin can also be valuable
applications. for determining its denomination. Actual weight is also
Most recent is the development of clad or plated necessary to ascertain the specific gravity of the coin's
planchets in order to maintain circulation life and extend metallic content, an important factor in determining
the life of a set of production dies as used in the produc- authenticity.
tion of the copper-nickel clad copper 50 centesimos of
TROY WEIGHT STANDARDS
Panama or in the latter case to reduce production costs
of the planchets and yet provide a coin quite similar in 24 Grains = 1 Pennyweight
appearance to its predecessor as in the case of the cop- 480 Grains = 1 Ounce
per plated zinc core United States 1983 cent. 31.103 Grams = 1 Ounce
Modern commemorative coins have employed still UNIFORM WEIGHTS
more unusual methods such as bimetallic coins, color 15.432 Grains = 1 Gram
applications and precious metal or gem inlays. 0.0648 Gram = 1 Grain
OFF-METAL STRIKES AVOIRDUPOIS STANDARDS
27-11/32 Grains = 11 Dram
Off-metal strikes previously designated by “(OMS)”
437-1/2 Grains = 1 Ounce
which also included the wide range of error coinage
28.350 Grams = 1 Ounce
struck in other than their officially authorized composi-
tions have been incorporated into Pattern listings along BULLION VALUE
with special issues, which were struck for presentation or
other reasons. The simplest method for determining the bullion value
Collectors of Germanic coinage may be familiar with of a precious metal coin is to multiply the actual precious
the term “Abschlag” which quickly identifies similar types metal weight by the current spot price for that metal.
of coinage. Using the example above, a silver coin with a .6822
actual silver weight (ASW) would have an intrinsic value
PRECIOUS METAL WEIGHTS of $7.85 when the spot price of silver is $11.50. If the
spot price of silver rose to $17.95 that same coins intrin-
Listings of weight, fineness and actual silver (ASW),
sic value would rise to $12.25.
gold (AGW), platinum or palladium (APW) content of
most machine-struck silver, gold, platinum and palladium HOMELAND TYPES
coins are provided in this edition. This information will be
found incorporated in each separate type listing, along Homeland types are coins which colonial powers used
with other data related to the coin. in a colony, but do not bear that location's name. In some
The ASW, AGW and APW figures were determined by cases they were legal tender in the homeland, in others
multiplying the gross weight of a given coin by its known not. They are listed under the homeland and cross-refer-
or tested fineness and converting the resulting gram or enced at the colony listing.
grain weight to troy ounces, rounded to the nearest ten-
thousandth of an ounce. A silver coin with a 24.25-gram COUNTERMARKS/COUNTERSTAMPS
weight and .875 fineness for example, would have a fine There is some confusion among collectors over the
weight of approximately 21.2188 grams, or a .6822 ASW, terms “countermark” and “counterstamp” when applied to
a factor that can be used to accurately determine the a coin bearing an additional mark or change of design
intrinsic value for multiple examples. and/or denomination.
The ASW, AGW or APW figure can be multiplied by To clarify, a countermark might be considered similar
the spot price of each precious metal to determine the to the “hall mark” applied to a piece of silverware, by
current intrinsic value of any coin accompanied by these which a silversmith assured the quality of the piece. In
designations. the same way, a countermark assures the quality of the
Coin weights are indicated in grams (abbreviated “g”) coin on which it is placed, as, for example, when the royal
along with fineness where the information is of value in crown of England was countermarked (punched into) on
differentiating between types. These weights are based segmented Spanish reales, allowing them to circulate in
on 31.103 grams per troy (scientific) ounce, as opposed commerce in the British West Indies. An additional coun-
to the avoirdupois (commercial) standard of 28.35 grams. termark indicating the new denomination may also be
Actual coin weights are generally shown in hundredths or encountered on these coins.
thousands of a gram; i.e., 0.500 SILVER Countermarks are generally applied singularly and
2.9200g.WEIGHTS AND FINENESSES in most cases indiscriminately on either side of the
As the silver and gold bullion markets have advanced “host” coin.
and declined sharply over the years, the fineness and
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 13 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

HOW TO USE THIS CATALOG 13

All valuations are stated in U.S. dollars, based on


careful assessment of the varied international collector
market. Valuations for coins priced below $100.00 are
generally stated in full amounts - i.e. 37.50 or 95.00 -
while valuations at or above that figure are rounded off in
even dollars - i.e. $125.00 is expressed 125. A comma is
added to indicate thousands of dollars in value.
For the convenience of overseas collectors and for
U.S. collectors doing business with overseas dealers, the
Counterstamped coins are more extensively altered.
base exchange rate for the national currencies of approx-
The counterstamping is done with a set of dies, rather
imately 180 countries are presented in the Foreign
than a hand punch. The coin being counterstamped is
Exchange Table.
placed between the new dies and struck as if it were a
It should be noted that when particularly select uncir-
blank planchet as found with the Manila 8 reales issue of
culated or proof-like examples of uncirculated coins
the Philippines. A more unusual application where the
become available they can be expected to command pro-
counterstamp dies were smaller than the host coin in the
portionately high premiums. Such examples in reference
revalidated 50 centimos and 1 colon of Costa Rica issued
to choice Germanic Thalers are referred to as “erst
in 1923.
schlage” or first strikes.
PHOTOGRAPHS MEDALLIC ISSUES
To assist the reader in coin identification, every effort
Medallic issues are similar to coin-type issues and can
has been made to present actual size photographs of
generally be identified as commemoratives produced to
every coinage type listed. Obverse and reverse are illus-
the country's established coinage standards but without
trated, except when a change in design is restricted to
the usual indicator of denomination. These pieces some-
one side, and the coin has a diameter of 39mm or larger,
times feature designs adapted from the country's regular
in which case only the side required for identification of
issue or commemorative coinage, and occassionally
the type is generally illustrated. All coins up to 60mm are
have been issued in conjunction with related coinage
illustrated actual size, to the nearest 1/2mm up to 25mm,
issues. Medallic issues, though bearing these similarites
and to the nearest 1mm thereafter. Coins larger than
to coinage issues, are not coins and therefore are not
60mm diameter are illustrated in reduced size, with the
listed in this catalog, but can be found in the companion
actual size noted in the descriptive text block. Where
catalog Unusual World Coins.
slight change in size is important to coin type identifica-
tion, actual millimeter measurements are stated. RESTRIKES, COUNTERFEITS
TRADE COINS Deceptive restrike and counterfeit (both contemporary
and modern) examples exist of some coin issues. Where
From approximately 1750-1940, a number of nations,
possible, the existence of restrikes is noted. Warnings
particularly European colonial powers and commercial
are also incorporated in instances where particularly
traders, minted trade coins to facilitate commerce with
deceptive counterfeits are known to exist. Collectors who
the local populace of Africa, the Arab countries, the
are uncertain about the authenticity of a coin held in their
Indian subcontinental, Southeast Asia and the Far East.
collection, or being offered for sale, should take the pre-
Such coins generally circulated at a value based on the
caution of having it authenticated by the American
weight and fineness of their silver or gold content, rather
Numismatic Association Authentication Bureau, 818 N.
than their stated denomination. Examples include the
Cascade, Colorado Springs, CO 80903. Their reasonably
sovereigns of Great Britain and the gold ducat issues of
priced certification tests are widely accepted by collectors
Austria, Hungary and the Netherlands. Trade coinage will
and dealers alike.
sometimes be found listed at the end of the domestic
issues. NON-CIRCULATING
VALUATIONS LEGAL TENDER COINS
Values quoted in this catalog represent the current mar- Coins of non-circulating legal tender (NCLT) origin are
ket and are compiled from recommendations provided and individually listed and integrated by denomination into the
verified through various source documents and special- regular listings for each country. These coins fall outside
ized consultants. It should be stressed, however, that this the customary definitions of coin-of-the-realm issues, but
book is intended to serve only as an aid for evaluating where created and sold by, or under authorization of,
coins, actual market conditions are constantly changing agencies of sovereign governments expressly for collec-
and additional influences, such as particularly strong local tors. These are primarily individual coins and sets of a
demand for certain coin series, fluctuation of international commemorative nature, marketed at prices substantially
exchange rates, changes in spot price of precious metals in excess of face value, and usually do not have counter-
and worldwide collection patterns must also be consid- parts released for circulation.
ered. Publication of this catalog is not intended as a solici-
tation by the publisher, editors or contributors to buy or sell
the coins listed at the prices indicated.
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 14 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

14 HOW TO USE THIS CATALOG

EDGE VARIETIES Mint Sets/Fleur de Coin Sets: Specially prepared by


worldwide mints to provide banks, collectors and govern-
ment dignitaries with examples of current coinage. Usually
P-Plain subjected to rigorous inspection to insure that top quality
specimens of selected business strikes are provided. One
Reeded of the most popular mint set is that given out by the mon-
arch of Great Britain each year on Maunday Thursday.
Slant-Reeded Right This set contains four special coins in denominations of 1,
2, 3 and 4 pence, struck in silver and contained in a little
Slant-Reeded Left
pouch. They have been given away in a special ceremony
for the poor for more than two centuries.
The Paris Mint introduced polyvinyl plastic cases
Reeding
packed within a cardboard box for homeland and colonial
Fleur de Coin sets of the 1960s. British colonial sets were
Center Slanted Reeding Right issued in velvet-lined metal cases similar to those used
for proof sets. For its client nations, the Franklin Mint
Center Slanted Reeding Left introduced a sealed composition of cardboard and spe-
cially molded hard clear plastic protective container
HBR, HBL-Herring Bone right/left
inserted in a soft plastic wallet. Recent discovery that soft
polyvinyl packaging has proved hazardous to coins has
resulted in a change to the use of hard, inert plastics for
S1-Security 1
virtually all mint sets.
Some of the highest quality mint sets ever produced
S2-Security 2
were those struck by the Franklin Mint during 1972-74. In
many cases matte finish dies were used to strike a pol-
S3-Security 3
ished proof planchet. Later on, from 1975, sets contained
highly polished, glassy-looking coins (similar to those
NEW ISSUES struck by the Bombay Mint) for collectors over a period of
12 years.
All newly released coins dated up to the year 2000 that Specimen Sets: Forerunners of today's proof sets. In
have been physically observed by our staff or identified most cases the coins were specially struck, perhaps
by reliable sources and have been confirmed by press even double struck, to produce a very soft or matte finish
time have been incorporated in this edition. Exceptions on the effigies and fields, along with high, sharp, “wire”
exist in some countries where current date coin produc- rims. The finish is rather dull to the naked eye.
tion lags far behind or information on current issues is The original purpose of these sets was to provide
less accessible. VIPs, monarchs and mintmasters around the world with
samples of the highest quality workmanship of a particu-
SETS lar mint. These were usually housed in elaborate velvet-
Listings in this catalog for specimen, proof and mint lined leather and metal cases.
sets are for official, government-produced sets. In many Proof-like Sets are relatively new to the field of
instances privately packaged sets also exist. numismatics. During the mid 1950s the Royal Canadian

Coin Alignment Medal Alignment


COIN vs MEDAL ALIGNMENT
Some coins are struck with obverse and reverse aligned at a rotation of 180 degrees from each other. When a coin is held
for vertical viewing with the obverse design aligned upright and the index finger and thumb at the top and bottom, upon rota-
tion from left to right for viewing the reverse, the latter will be upside down. Such alignment is called “coin rotation.” Other
coins are struck with the obverse and reverse designs mated on an alignment of zero or 360 degrees. If such an example is
held and rotated as described, the reverse will appear upright. This is the alignment, which is generally observed in the strik-
ing of medals, and for that reason coins produced in this manner are considered struck in “medal rotation”. In some
instances, often through error, certain coin issues have been struck to both alignment standards, creating interesting collect-
ible varieties, which will be found noted in some listings. In addition, some countries are now producing coins with other des-
ignated obverse to reverse alignments which are considered standard for this type.
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 15 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

HOW TO USE THIS CATALOG 15

Mint furnished the hobby with specially selected early the 5-ore (KM#554) of Sweden has a crown above the
business strike coins that exhibited some qualities similar monogram on which the beads on the arches show wear
to proof coinage. However, the “proof-like” fields are gen- most clearly. So, grade by the crown alone.
erally flawed and the edges are rounded. These pieces For Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) grades there will be
are not double struck. These are commonly encountered no visible signs of wear or handling, even under a 30-
in cardboard holders, later in soft plastic or pliofilm pack- power microscope. Full mint luster will be present. Ideally
aging. Of late, the Royal Canadian Mint packages such no bags marks will be evident.
sets in rigid plastic cases. For Uncirculated (Unc.) grades there will be no visible
Many worldwide officially issued proof sets would in signs of wear or handling, even under a 30-power micro-
reality fall into this category upon careful examination of scope. Bag marks may be present.
the quality of the coin's finish. For Almost Uncirculated (AU), all detail will be visi-
Another term encountered in this category is “Special ble. There will be wear only on the highest point of the
Select,” used to describe the crowns of the Union of coin. There will often be half or more of the original mint
South Africa and 100-schilling coins produced for collec- luster present.
tors in the late 1970s by the Austrian Mint. On the Extremely Fine (XF or EF) coin, there will be
Proof Sets: This is undoubtedly among the most mis- about 95% of the original detail visible. Or, on a coin with
used terms in the hobby, not only by collectors and deal- a design with no inner detail to wear down, there will be a
ers, but also by many of the world mints. light wear over nearly all the coin. If a small design is
A true proof set must be at least double-struck on spe- used as the grading area, about 90% of the original detail
cially prepared polished planchets and struck using dies will be visible. This latter rule stems from the logic that a
(often themselves polished) of the highest quality. smaller amount of detail needs to be present because a
Modern-day proof quality consists of frosted effigies small area is being used to grade the whole coin.
surrounded by absolute mirror-like fields. The Very Fine (VF) coin will have about 75% of the
Listings for proof sets in this catalog are for officially original detail visible. Or, on a coin with no inner detail,
issued proof sets so designated by the issuing authority, there will be moderate wear over the entire coin. Corners
and may or may not possess what are considered mod- of letters and numbers may be weak. A small grading
ern proof quality standards. area will have about 66% of the original detail.
It is necessary for collectors to acquire the knowledge For Fine (F), there will be about 50% of the original
to allow them to differentiate true proof sets from would-be detail visible. Or, on a coin with no inner detail, there will
proof sets and proof-like sets which may be encountered. be fairly heavy wear over all of the coin. Sides of letters
will be weak. A typically uncleaned coin will often appear
CONDITIONS/GRADING as dirty or dull. A small grading area will have just under
Wherever possible, coin valuations are given in four or 50% of the original detail.
five grades of preservation. For modern commemora- On the Very Good (VG) coin, there will be about 25%
tives, which do not circulate, only uncirculated values are of the original detail visible. There will be heavy wear on
usually sufficient. Proof issues are indicated by the word all of the coin.
“Proof” next to the date, with valuation proceeded by the The Good (G) coin's design will be clearly outlined but
word “value” following the mintage. For very recent circu- with substantial wear. Some of the larger detail may be
lating coins and coins of limited value, one, two or three visible. The rim may have a few weak spots of wear.
grade values are presented. On the About Good (AG) coin, there will typically be
There are almost no grading guides for world coins. only a silhouette of a large design. The rim will be worn
What follows is an attempt to help bridge that gap until a down into the letters if any.
detailed, illustrated guide becomes available. Strong or weak strikes, partially weak strikes, damage,
In grading world coins, there are two elements to look corrosion, attractive or unattractive toning, dipping or
for: 1) Overall wear, and 2) loss of design details, such as cleaning should be described along with the above
strands of hair, feathers on eagles, designs on coats of grades. These factors affect the quality of the coin just as
arms, etc. do wear and loss of detail, but are easier to describe.
The age, rarity or type of a coin should not be a con- In the case of countermarked/counterstamped coins,
sideration in grading. the condition of the host coin will have a bearing on the
Grade each coin by the weaker of the two sides. This end valuation. The important factor in determining the
method appears to give results most nearly consistent grade is the condition, clarity and completeness of the
with conservative American Numismatic Association countermark itself. This is in reference to counter-
standards for U.S. coins. Split grades, i.e., F/VF for marks/counterstamps having raised design while being
obverse and reverse, respectively, are normally no more struck in a depression.
than one grade apart. If the two sides are more than one Incuse countermarks cannot be graded for wear. They
grade apart, the series of coins probably wears differently are graded by the clarity and completeness including the
on each side and should then be graded by the weaker condition of the host coin which will also have more bear-
side alone. ing on the final grade/valuation determined.
Grade by the amount of overall wear and loss of
design detail evident on each side of the coin. On coins
with a moderately small design element, which is prone
to early wear, grade by that design alone. For example,
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 16 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

16 STANDARD INTERNATIONAL GRADING TERMINOLOGY AND ABBREVIATIONS

STANDARD INTERNATIONAL GRADING


TERMINOLOGY AND ABBREVIATIONS
W7382_p0001-0044.fm Page 17 Tuesday, April 3, 2012 11:36 AM

STANDARD INTERNATIONAL NUMERAL SYSTEMS 17

STANDARD INTERNATIONAL NUMERAL SYSTEMS


Prepared especially for the Standard Catalog of World Coins© 2012 by Krause Publications

8FTUFSO  ˜              


3PNBO

"SBCJD5VSLJTI

.BMBZ1FSTJBO

&BTUFSO"SBCJD

)ZEFSBCBE"SBCJD

*OEJBO 4BOTLSJU

"TTBNFTF

#FOHBMJ

(VKBSBUJ

,VUDI

%FWBWOBHSJ

/FQBMFTF

5JCFUBO

.POHPMJBO

#VSNFTF

5IBJ-BP

-BP-BPUJBO

+BWBOFTF
0SEJOBSZ$IJOFTF
+BQBOFTF,PSFBO
0GàDJBM$IJOFTF
$PNNFSDJBM
$IJOFTF
,PSFBO

(FPSHJBO

&UIJPQJBO

)FCSFX

(SFFL
W7382_p1788-1933.fm Page 1893 Tuesday, March 27, 2012 2:29 PM

HEJAZ & NEJD SAUDI ARABIA 1893

KINGDOM AND SULTANATE


Abd Al-Aziz bin Sa'ud as
Caspian
King of Hejaz and Sultan of Nejd
Sea
TRANSITIONAL COINAGE
LEBANON
ISRAEL Struck at the Mecca Mint during the occupation by Abd
AN IRAQ IRAN Al-Aziz Bin Sa'ud while establishing his kingdom.
RD
JO KUWAIT
KM# 10 20 CENTS
5.4300 g., 0.8000 Silver 0.1397 oz. ASW Ruler:

Pe
rs
Charles J. Brooke Rajah Obv: Head left Obv. Legend: C.

i
EGYPT

an
G
BROOKE RAJAH Rev: Value within roped wreath

ul
f
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU QATAR
1906H 25,000 80.00 200 500 850 — U. A. E.
1906H Proof — Value: 1,500

Red
1910H 25,000 80.00 200 500 850 —
KM# 1 1/4 GHIRSH

N
A
1910H Proof — Value: 1,500

Sea

M
SUDAN Copper Or Bronze Obv: Toughra Rev: Inscription

O
1911H 15,000 80.00 200 500 850 —
1913H 25,000 80.00 200 500 850 — Date Mintage Good VG F VF XF
1913H Proof — Value: 1,500 ER AH1343 — — 60.00 125 200 350
IT Note: Several varieties exist, including reeded and plain
1915H 25,000 400 700 1,000 1,500 — RE YEMEN
A edges; Some specimens struck over bronze Hejaz 1/4
1915H Proof — Value: 2,400 and 1/2 Piastres (KM#23 and KM#26), and some occur
Gulf of Aden
with a light silver wash
SAUDI ARABIA

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, an independent and absolute


hereditary monarchy comprising the former sultanate of Nejd, the
old kingdom of Hejaz, Asir and Al Hasa, occupies four-fifths of the
Arabian peninsula. The kingdom has an area of 830,000 sq. mi.
(2,149,690 sq. km.) and a population of *16.1 million. Capital: Riy-
adh. The economy is based on oil, which provides 85 percent of
Saudi Arabia's revenue.
Mohammed united the Arabs in the 7th century and his fol-
lowers founded a great empire with its capital at Medina. The
KM# 17 20 CENTS Turks established nominal rule over much of Arabia in the 16th
and 17th centuries, and in the 18thcentury divided it into prin-
KM# 2.1 1/2 GHIRSH
5.4300 g., 0.4000 Silver 0.0698 oz. ASW Ruler: Copper Or Bronze Obv: Toughra Obv. Inscription: Al-Faisal
Charles V. Brooke Rajah Obv: Head right Rev: Value within cipalities.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was created by King Abd Al- al Saud Rev: Inscription
roped wreath
Aziz Bin Saud (1882-1953), a descendant of earlier Wahhabi rul- Date Mintage Good VG F VF XF
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU AH1343 — — 20.00 40.00 75.00 150
1920H 25,000 170 400 700 1,000 — ers of the Arabian peninsula. In 1901 he seized Riyadh, capital of
1920H Proof — Value: 1,700 the Sultanate of Nejd, and in 1905 established himself as Sultan.
In 1913 he captured the Turkish province of Al Hasa; took the
KM# 17a 20 CENTS
Hejaz in 1925 and by 1926 most of Asir. In1932 he combined Nejd
5.0800 g., 0.4000 Silver 0.0653 oz. ASW Ruler:
and Hejaz into the single kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Asir was incor-
Charles V. Brooke Rajah Obv: Head right Rev: Value within
porated into the kingdom a year later.
roped wreath
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU TITLES
1927H 250,000 22.00 48.00 150 260 —
1927H Proof — Value: 1,100

KM# 2.2 1/2 GHIRSH


Al-Arabiya(t) as-Sa'udiya(t) Copper Or Bronze Obv: Toughra Obv. Inscription: Al-Faisal
Rev: Inscription
Date Mintage Good VG F VF XF
AH1343 — — 75.00 150 300 500

Al-Mamlaka(t) al-'Arabiya(t) as-Sa'udiya(t)

RULERS
al Sa'ud Dynasty
Abd Al-Aziz Bin Sa'ud, (Ibn Sa'ud), AH1344-1373/1926-1953AD
Sa'ud Bin Abd Al-Aziz, AH1373-1383/1953-1964AD
KM# 11 50 CENTS Faisal Bin Abd Al-Aziz, AH1383-1395/1964-1975AD
13.5700 g., 0.8000 Silver 0.3490 oz. ASW Ruler: Khalid Bin Abd Al-Aziz, AH1395-1403/1975-1982AD
Fahad Bin Abd Al-Aziz, AH1403-/1982AD KM# A3 1/2 GHIRSH
Charles V. Brooke Rajah Obv: Head left Obv. Legend: C. Bronze
BROOKE RAJAH Rev: Value within roped wreath MONETARY SYSTEM
Date Mintage Good VG F VF XF
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU Until 1960
AH1344//2 — — 15.00 30.00 50.00 100
1906H 10,000 700 1,100 1,800 3,000 — 20-22 Ghirsh = 1 Riyal
1906H Proof — Value: 4,500 40 Riyals = 1 Guinea REGULAR COINAGE
NOTE: Copper-nickel, reeded-edge coins dated AH1356 and sil-
ver coins dated AH1354 were struck at the U. S. Mint in Phil-
adelphia between 1944-1949.

HEJAZ & NEJD


Mecca, the metropolis of Islam and the capital of Hejaz, is
located inland from the Red Sea due east of the port of Jidda. A
center of non-political commercial, cultural and religious activ- KM# 4 1/4 GHIRSH
ities, Mecca remained virtually independent until 1259. Two cen- Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend
turies of Egyptian rule were followed by four centuries of Turkish Date Mintage Good VG F VF XF
rule which lasted until the Arab revolts which extinguished pre- AH1344 — — 4.00 8.00 12.00 40.00
tensions to sovereignty over any part of the Arabian peninsula. AH1344 Proof — Value: 1,500
KM# 19 50 CENTS
10.3000 g., 0.5000 Silver 0.1656 oz. ASW Ruler: MINT NAME
Charles V. Brooke Rajah Obv: Head right Rev: Value within Makkah, Mecca
roped wreath RULERS
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU Sharifs of Mecca
1927H 200,000 45.00 90.00 300 400 — Ghalib b. Ma'sud, AH1219-1229
1927H Proof — Value: 1,100 Yahya b. Surer, AH1230-1240
Abdul Muttalib and Ibn Awn,
AH1240-1248

KM# 5 1/2 GHIRSH


Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend
Date Mintage Good VG F VF XF
AH1344 — — 8.00 15.00 30.00 75.00
AH1344 Proof — Value: 1,500
W7382_p1788-1933.fm Page 1894 Tuesday, March 27, 2012 2:29 PM

1894 SAUDI ARABIA HEJAZ & NEJD

UNITED KINGDOMS
KINGDOM
STANDARD COINAGE

KM# 6 GHIRSH KM# 15 GHIRSH


Copper-Nickel, 26 mm. Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below
legend inscription
Date Mintage Good VG F VF XF Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
AH1344 — — 6.00 12.00 25.00 60.00 AH1348 — 12.00 20.00 30.00 75.00 — KM# 19.1 1/4 GHIRSH
AH1344 Proof — Value: 1,500 AH1348 Proof — Value: 1,750 Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend
Edge: Plain
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
HEJAZ & NEJD SULTANATE AH1356 (1937)
AH1356 (1937)
1,000,000 2.00
— Value: 500
5.00 10.00 35.00 —

Proof
KINGDOM KM# 19.2 1/4 GHIRSH
Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend
REGULAR COINAGE Edge: Reeded
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
AH1356 (1937) 21,500,000 0.25 0.50 1.00 2.50 7.50
Note: Struck in 1947 (AH1366-67) at Philadelphia
KM# 10 1/4 RIYAL
6.0500 g., 0.9170 Silver 0.1784 oz. ASW, 24 mm. Obv:
Inscription within beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords
below within design flanked by palms trees Rev: Inscription within
beaded circle, legend above, value below within design flanked
by palm trees
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
KM# 7 1/4 GHIRSH
AH1346 400,000 40.00 60.00 100 200 —
Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend
AH1346 Proof — Value: 1,000
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc AH1348 200,000 60.00 90.00 150 350 —
AH1346 3,000,000 6.00 10.00 15.00 40.00 — AH1348 Proof — Value: 2,000
AH1346 Proof — Value: 1,000 KM# 20.1 1/2 GHIRSH
Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend
Edge: Plain
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
AH1356 (1937) 1,000,000 3.00 8.00 20.00 45.00 —
AH1356 (1937) — Value: 500
Proof
KM# 20.2 1/2 GHIRSH
Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend
Edge: Reeded
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
KM# 13 1/4 GHIRSH AH1356 (1937) 10,850,000 0.20 0.50 1.50 3.00 10.00
Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend Note: Struck in 1947 (AH1366-67) at Philadelphia
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc KM# 11 1/2 RIYAL
AH1348 — 12.00 20.00 40.00 75.00 — 12.1000 g., 0.9170 Silver 0.3567 oz. ASW, 27 mm. Obv:
AH1348 Proof — Value: 1,750 Inscription within beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords
KM# 8 1/2 GHIRSH below within design flanked by palm trees Rev: Inscription within
Copper-Nickel beaded circle, legend above, value below within design flanked
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc by palm trees and swords
AH1346 3,000,000 10.00 15.00 25.00 60.00 — Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
AH1346 Proof — Value: 1,000 AH1346 200,000 100 175 250 500 —
AH1346 Proof — Value: 1,500
AH1348 100,000 125 200 350 750 —
AH1348 Proof — Value: 3,500

KM# 21.1 GHIRSH


Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend
Edge: Plain
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
AH1356 (1937) 4,000,000 3.00 8.00 15.00 40.00 —
AH1356 (1937) — Value: 500
KM# 14 1/2 GHIRSH Proof
Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend KM# 21.2 GHIRSH
Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
Edge: Reeded
AH1348 — 12.00 25.00 40.00 100 —
AH1348 Proof — Value: 1,750 Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc
AH1356 (1937) 7,150,000 0.50 1.00 2.50 5.00 12.50
Note: Struck in 1947 (AH1366-67) at Philadelphia

KM# 9 GHIRSH KM# 12 RIYAL KM# 40 GHIRSH


Copper-Nickel Obv: Legend Rev: Value and date below legend 3.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 22 mm. Obv: Palm above crossed
24.1000 g., 0.9170 Silver 0.7105 oz. ASW, 37 mm. Obv:
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc Inscription within beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords swords at center of legend Rev: Value and date below legend
AH1346 3,000,000 3.00 5.00 10.00 35.00 — below within design flanked by palm trees Rev: Inscription within Edge: Reeded
AH1346 Proof — Value: 1,000 beaded circle, legend above, value below within design flanked Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
by palm trees AH1376 (1957) 10,000,000 0.15 0.25 0.50 3.00 —
Date Mintage VG F VF XF Unc AH1378 (1958) 50,000,000 0.15 0.25 0.50 2.00 —
AH1346 800,000 40.00 60.00 90.00 150 —
AH1346 Proof — Value: 2,500
AH1348 400,000 50.00 75.00 150 250 —
AH1348 Proof — Value: 7,500
W7382_p1788-1933.fm Page 1895 Tuesday, March 27, 2012 2:29 PM

UNITED KINGDOMS SAUDI ARABIA 1895

KM# 24 1/4 GHIRSH


Countermark: “65” Note: Countermark in Arabic numerals on
1/4 Ghirsh, KM#13.
CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
AH1365 AH1348 20.00 30.00 50.00 100 —

KM# 38 1/2 RIYAL


KM# 41 2 GHIRSH 5.9500 g., 0.9170 Silver 0.1754 oz. ASW Obv: Inscription within
6.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 27 mm. Obv: Crossed swords below beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords below within design
palm at center of legend Rev: Value and date below legend Edge: flanked by palm trees Rev: Inscription within beaded circle,
Reeded legend above, value below within design flanked by palm trees KM# 25 1/4 GHIRSH
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU Countermark: “65” Obv: Countermark at center of legend Rev:
AH1372 (1953) — 0.10 0.35 0.75 0.50 — AH1374 (1954) 2,000,000 BV 6.50 10.00 18.00 — Value and date below legend Edge: Plain Note: Countermark in
AH1376 (1957) 50,000,000 0.10 0.35 0.75 5.00 — Arabic numerals on 1/4 Ghirsh, KM#19.
AH1379 (1959) 28,110,000 0.10 0.35 0.70 3.50 — CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
AH1365 AH1356 2.50 5.00 15.00 30.00 —

KM# 18 RIYAL KM# 26 1/2 GHIRSH


11.6000 g., 0.9170 Silver 0.3420 oz. ASW, 30.5 mm. Obv: Countermark: “65” Obv: Countermark at center of legend Rev:
KM# 42 4 GHIRSH Inscription within beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords Date below legend Note: Countermark in Arabic numerals on 1/2
12.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 30 mm. Obv: Crossed swords below below within design flanked by palm trees Rev: Inscription within Ghirsh, KM#5.
palm at center of legend Rev: Value and date below legend Edge: beaded circle, legend above, value below within design flanked CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
Reeded by palm trees AH1365 AH1344 6.00 12.00 25.00 60.00 —
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
AH1376 (1956) 49,100,000 0.25 0.50 1.00 6.00 — AH1354 (1935) 60,000,000 BV 13.00 13.50 17.50 —
AH1378 (1958) 10,000,000 0.25 0.50 1.00 5.00 — AH1354 (1935) 20,000,000 Value: 300
Proof
AH1367 (1947) Inc. above BV 13.00 13.50 20.00 —
AH1370 (1950) — BV 13.00 14.00 22.50 —

KM# 27 1/2 GHIRSH


Countermark: “65” Obv: Countermark at center of legend Rev:
KM# 16 1/4 RIYAL
Date below legend Note: Countermark in Arabic numerals on 1/2
3.1000 g., 0.9170 Silver 0.0914 oz. ASW Obv: Inscription within
Ghirsh, KM#8.
beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords below within design
flanked by palm trees Rev: Inscription within beaded circle, CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
legend above, value below within design flanked by palm trees AH1365 AH1346 6.00 12.00 25.00 60.00 —
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU KM# 28 1/2 GHIRSH
AH1354 (1935) 900,000 3.50 5.00 7.00 10.00 — Countermark: “65” Note: Countermark in Arabic numerals on
AH1354 (1935) — Value: 250 KM# 39 RIYAL 1/2 Ghirsh, KM#14.
Proof 11.6000 g., 0.9170 Silver 0.3420 oz. ASW Obv: Inscription CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
within beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords below within AH1365 AH1348 6.00 12.00 25.00 60.00 —
design flanked by palm trees Rev: Inscription within beaded
circle, legend above, value below within design flanked by palm
trees
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
AH1374 (1954) 48,000,000 BV 13.00 13.50 20.00 —
COUNTERMARKED COINAGE
70 = 65 Countermark
KM# 37 1/4 RIYAL
2.9500 g., 0.9170 Silver 0.0870 oz. ASW Obv: Inscription within The following pieces are countermarked examples of
beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords below within design earlier types bearing the Arabic numerals 65. They were
KM# 29 1/2 GHIRSH
flanked by palm trees Rev: Inscription within beaded circle, countermarked in a move to break money changers' mo-
Copper-Nickel Countermark: “65” Obv: Countermark at center
legend above, value below within design flanked by palm trees nopoly on small coins in AH1365 (1946AD). These counter-
of legend Rev: Date below legend Edge: Plain Note:
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU marks vary in size and are found with the Arabic numbers
Countermark in Arabic numerals on 1/2 Ghirsh, KM#20.1.
AH1374 (1954) 4,000,000 BV 3.50 5.00 9.00 — raised in a circle. Incuse countermarks are considered a re-
cent fabrication. CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
AH1365 AH1356 5.00 10.00 25.00 40.00 —
KM# 22 1/4 GHIRSH
Countermark: “65” Note: Countermark in Arabic numerals on
1/4 Ghirsh, KM#4.
CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
AH1365 AH1344 6.00 12.00 30.00 65.00 —

KM# 17 1/2 RIYAL


5.8500 g., 0.9170 Silver 0.1725 oz. ASW Obv: Inscription within
beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords below within design KM# 30 GHIRSH
flanked by palm trees Rev: Inscription within beaded circle, Countermark: “65” Obv: Countermark at center of legend Rev:
legend above, value below within design flanked by palm trees Value and date below legend Note: Countermark in Arabic
KM# 23 1/4 GHIRSH
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU numerals on 1 Ghirsh, KM#6.
Countermark: “65” Obv: Countermark at center of legend Rev:
AH1354 (1935) 950,000 BV 6.50 12.00 25.00 — CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
Value and date below legend Note: Countermark in Arabic
AH1354 (1935) — Value: 250 AH1365 AH1344 6.00 12.00 35.00 65.00 —
Proof numerals on 1/4 Ghirsh, KM#7.
CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF KM# 31 GHIRSH
AH1365 AH1346 6.00 12.00 30.00 65.00 — Countermark: “65” Note: Countermark in Arabic numerals on
1 Ghirsh, KM#9.
CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
AH1365 AH1346 6.00 12.00 30.00 65.00 —
W7382_p1788-1933.fm Page 1896 Tuesday, March 27, 2012 2:29 PM

1896 SAUDI ARABIA UNITED KINGDOMS

KM# 61 5 HALALA (Ghirsh)


KM# 32 GHIRSH 2.5000 g., Copper-Nickel, 19.5 mm. Obv: National emblem at KM# 48 25 HALALA (1/4 Riyal)
Countermark: “65” Obv: Countermark at center of legend Rev: center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above inscription 5.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 23 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and
Value and date below legend Note: Countermark in Arabic in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above
numerals on 1 Ghirsh, KM#15. Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded
CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF AH1408 (1987) 80,000,000 — 0.15 0.30 0.75 1.00 Note: Corrected denomination; feminine gender.
AH1365 AH1348 10.00 20.00 35.00 65.00 — AH1408 (1987) 5,000 Value: 5.00 Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
Proof
KM# 33 GHIRSH AH1392 (1972) Inc. above 0.25 0.50 1.50 3.50 —
Copper-Nickel Countermark: “65” Edge: Plain Note:
Countermark in Arabic numerals on 1 Ghirsh, KM#21.
CM Date Host Date Good VG F VF XF
AH1365 AH1356 6.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 —
REFORM COINAGE
5 Halala = 1 Ghirsh; 100 Halala = 1 Riyal

KM# 46 10 HALALA (2 Ghirsh)


4.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 21 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and
KM# 47 25 HALALA (1/4 Riyal)
palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above
5.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 23 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and
inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded
palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded
AH1392 (1972) 55,000,000 0.10 0.20 0.35 0.50 — Note: Error. Denomination in masculine gender.
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
KM# 44 HALALA AH1392 (1972) 48,465,000 1.00 2.00 6.00 25.00 30.00
Bronze Obv: Crossed swords and palm tree at center, legend
above and below Rev: Value and date below legend
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
AH1383 (1963) 5,000,000 0.50 0.60 0.85 3.00 —

KM# 54 10 HALALA (2 Ghirsh)


4.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 21 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and
palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above
inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded KM# 55 25 HALALA (1/4 Riyal)
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU 5.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 23 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and
AH1397 (1976) 50,000,000 0.15 0.25 1.00 2.50 — palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above
KM# 60 HALALA AH1400 (1979) 29,500,000 0.25 0.75 1.00 3.00 — inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded
Bronze Obv: Different legend Rev: Value and date below legend Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU AH1397 (1976) 20,000,000 0.35 0.50 1.00 3.00 —
AH1397 (1979) — — — — 150 175 AH1400 (1979) 57,000,000 0.35 0.50 0.85 2.50 —
Note: Not released for circulation

KM# 58 10 HALALA (2 Ghirsh)


4.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 21 mm. Series: F.A.O. Obv: Crossed
swords and palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev:
Legend above inscription in circle dividing value, date below
KM# 45 5 HALALA (Ghirsh) KM# 63 25 HALALA (1/4 Riyal)
Edge: Reeded
2.5000 g., Copper-Nickel, 19.5 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU 5.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 23 mm. Ruler: Fahad Bin Abd Al-
palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above
AH1398-1978 1,000,000 — 0.25 0.50 1.00 — Aziz AH1403-1426/1982-2005AD Obv: National emblem at
inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded
center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above inscription
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded
AH1392 (1972) 130,000,000 0.10 0.15 0.30 0.50 —
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
AH1408 (1987) 100,000,000 — 0.20 0.45 1.25 1.75
AH1408 (1987) 5,000 Value: 7.50
Proof

KM# 62 10 HALALA (2 Ghirsh)


4.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 21 mm. Ruler: Fahad Bin Abd Al-
KM# 53 5 HALALA (Ghirsh) Aziz AH1403-1426/1982-2005AD Obv: National emblem at
2.5000 g., Copper-Nickel, 19.5 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above inscription
palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded
inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU AH1408 (1987) 100,000,000 — 0.15 0.35 0.90 1.20
AH1397 (1976) 20,000,000 0.15 0.25 0.60 2.00 — AH1408 (1987) 5,000 Value: 6.00 KM# 50 50 HALALA (1/2 Riyal)
AH1400 (1979) — 0.15 0.25 0.60 2.00 — Proof
6.5000 g., Copper-Nickel, 26 mm. Series: F.A.O. Obv: Crossed
swords and palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev:
Legend above inscription in circle dividing value, date below
Edge: Reeded
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
AH1392 (1972) 500,000 — 0.30 0.60 2.50 —

KM# 57 5 HALALA (Ghirsh)


2.5000 g., Copper-Nickel, 19.5 mm. Series: F.A.O. Obv: KM# 49 25 HALALA (1/4 Riyal)
Crossed swords and palm tree at center, legend above and below 5.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 23 mm. Series: F.A.O. Obv: Crossed
Rev: Legend above inscription in circle dividing value, date below swords and palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev:
Edge: Reeded Legend above inscription in circle dividing value, date below
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU Edge: Reeded
AH1398-1978 1,500,000 — 0.30 0.50 1.00 — Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
AH1392-1973 200,000 — 0.20 0.50 1.00 — KM# 51 50 HALALA (1/2 Riyal)
6.5000 g., Copper-Nickel, 26 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and
W7382_p1788-1933.fm Page 1897 Tuesday, March 27, 2012 2:29 PM

SENEGAL 1897

palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above KM# 65 100 HALALA (1 Riyal)
inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded 10.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 30 mm. Obv: National emblem at
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above inscription
AH1392 (1972) 16,000,000 0.20 0.35 0.60 2.00 — in circle dividing value, date below
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
AH1408 (1987) 40,000,000 — 0.60 1.20 3.00 4.00
AH1408 (1987) 5,000 Value: 22.00
Proof
AH1414 (1993) 5,000 — 0.60 1.20 3.00 4.00

KM# 34 4 POUNDS
31.9500 g., 0.9170 Gold 0.9419 oz. AGW Obv: Eagle with wings
KM# 56 50 HALALA (1/2 Riyal) open Rev: Three lined inscription within horizontal bars Note:
6.5000 g., Copper-Nickel, 26 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and KM#34 was struck at the Philadelphia Mint for a concession
palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above payment for oil to the Saudi Government. Most were melted into
inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded bullion.
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU KM# 66 100 HALALA (1 Riyal) Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
AH1397 (1976) 20,000,000 0.50 0.75 1.00 3.00 — Bi-Metallic Brass center in Copper-Nickel ring, 23 mm. Ruler: ND(1945-46) 91,000 BV 1,350 1,675 1,750 2,200
AH1400 (1979) 21,600,000 0.75 1.00 1.50 3.50 — Fahad Bin Abd Al-Aziz AH1403-1426/1982-2005AD Obv:
National emblem at center, legend above and below Rev:
PATTERNS
Including off metal strikes
Inscription at center, value at left, legend above, date below Edge:
KM# Date Mintage Identification Mkt Val
Reeded
Pn1 AH1373 — 1/4 Riyal. 0.9170 Silver. 2.9500 g. —
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU As KM37
AH1419 (1998) — — 1.00 2.50 5.00 — Pn2 AH1373 — 1/2 Riyal. 0.9170 Silver. 5.9500 g. —
As KM38
Pn3 AH1373 — Riyal. 0.9170 Silver. 11.6000 g. As —
KM39
Pn4 AH1370 — Guinea. Aluminum. KM#36. 1,600
Pn5 AH1370 — Guinea. Bronze. KM#36, reeded 3,500
edge, with Paris privy marks.
Pn6 AH1370 — Guinea. Gold. KM#36, reeded edge, —
KM# 64 50 HALALA (1/2 Riyal) with Paris privy marks, Rare.
6.5000 g., Copper-Nickel, 26 mm. Ruler: Fahad Bin Abd Al-
Aziz AH1403-1426/1982-2005AD Obv: National emblem at MINT SETS
center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above inscription Issue Mkt
in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded KM# 67 100 HALALA (1 Riyal) KM# Date Mintage Identification Price Val
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU Bi-Metallic Brass center in Copper-Nickel ring, 23 mm. Ruler: MS1 AH1408(1988) (5) — KM#61-65 20.00 45.00
Fahad Bin Abd Al-Aziz AH1403-1426/1982-2005AD Subject:
AH1408 (1987) 70,000,000
AH1408 (1987)
0.15 0.30
5,000 Value: 15.00
0.75 1.50 2.00
Centennial of Kingdom Obv: National emblem at center Rev: PROOF SETS
Proof Inscription at center, legend above, value at left, date below Edge: Issue Mkt
Reeded KM# Date Mintage Identification Price Val
PS1 AH1408(1988) (5) 5,000 KM#61-65 40.00 65.00
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
AH1419 (1998) — — 1.50 3.50 6.50 —
AH1419 (1998) — Value: 12.50
Proof
TRADE COINAGE

KM# 52 100 HALALA (1 Riyal)


10.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 30 mm. Obv: Crossed swords and
palm tree at center, legend above and below Rev: Legend above
inscription in circle dividing value, date below Edge: Reeded KM# 36 GUINEA SENEGAL

Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU 7.9881 g., 0.9170 Gold 0.2355 oz. AGW Obv: Inscription within The Republic of Senegal, located on the bulge of West Africa
AH1396 (1976) 250,000 — 0.65 1.00 3.50 — beaded circle, legend above, crossed swords below within design between Mauritania and Guinea-Bissau, has an area of 75,750
AH1400 (1980) 30,000,000 — 0.65 1.00 3.00 — flanked by palm trees Rev: Inscription within beaded circle, sq. mi. (196,190 sq. km.) and a population of *7.5 million. Capital:
legend above, value below within design flanked by palm trees Dakar. The economy is primarily agricultural. Peanuts and prod-
ucts, phosphates, and canned fish are exported.
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
An abundance of megalithic remains indicates that Senegal
AH1370 (1950) 2,000,000 — — BV 425 450
was inhabited in prehistoric times. The Portuguese had some
KM# 43 GUINEA trading stations on the banks of the Senegal River in the 15th cen-
7.9881 g., 0.9170 Gold 0.2355 oz. AGW tury. French commercial establishments date from the 17th cen-
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU tury. The French gradually acquired control over the interior
AH1377 (1957) 1,579,000 — — BV 425 450 regions, which were administered as a protectorate until 1920,
and as a colony thereafter. After the 1958 French constitutional
BULLION COINAGE referendum, Senegal became a member of the French Com-
Post WWII Issues
munity with virtual autonomy. In 1959 Senegal and the French
Soudan merged to form the Mali Federation, which became fully
independent on June 20, 1960. (April 4, the date the transfer of
power agreement was signed with France, is celebrated as Sene-
KM# 59 100 HALALA (1 Riyal) gal's independence day). The Federation broke up on Aug. 20,
10.0000 g., Copper-Nickel, 30 mm. Series: F.A.O. Obv: 1960, when Senegal seceded and proclaimed the Republic of
Crossed swords and palm tree at center flanked by dates, legend Senegal. Soudan became the Republic of Mali a month later.
above and below Rev: Legend above inscription in circle dividing Senegal is a member of a monetary union of autonomous
value, date below republics called the Monetary Union of West African States
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU (Union Monetaire Ouest-Africaine). The other members are Ivory
AH1397 - 1977 — — — 150 250 325 KM# 35 SOVEREIGN (Pound) Coast, Benin, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Niger, Mauritania and
Note: AH1397 date was struck as samples for the Saudi 7.9881 g., 0.9170 Gold 0.2355 oz. AGW Obv: Eagle with wings Togo. Mali was a member, but seceded in1962. Some of the
Arabia government by the British Royal Mint, but some open Rev: Three lined inscription within horizontal bars Note: member countries have issued coinage in addition to the common
escaped into circulation KM#35 was struck at the Philadelphia Mint for a concession currency issued by the Monetary Union of West African States.
AH1398 - 1978 10,000,000 — 0.75 1.50 3.50 — payment for oil to the Saudi Government. Most were melted into
bullion. REPUBLIC
Date Mintage F VF XF Unc BU
ND(1947) 123,000 BV 750 1,100 1,450 1,650 STANDARD COINAGE

KM# 1 10 FRANCS
3.2000 g., 0.9000 Gold 0.0926 oz. AGW Subject: 8th