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common design parameters:

Strength Ratio, m= 17.39


Factor, β1= 0.85
ρmin= 0.0034
ρb= 0.0289
ρmax= 0.0209
Ec= 24870.062324
f r= 3.7040518355
n= 8
DESIGN ON ROOF BEAMS:
6.1.0 DESIGN STRENGTH
fc' 28 MPa
fy 414 MPa
β 0.85
main bar 16 mm
lateral bar 12 mm
6.1.1 CLEAR SPANS fyv 276 MPa
Spans 1: 3.60 m
Spans 2: 3.60 m
Spans 3: 3.60 m

6.1.2 BEAM DIMENSIONS Simply


supported
Minimum thickness for deflection 225
Assume beam size:
depth= 400
width= 200
PC= 40
main bar= 16
lateral ties= 12
n= 8.04
y= 66.50

Effective depth: 340


6.1.3 DEAD LOADS
Beam weight= 1.88 kN/m
Weightof Truss 0.07 kN/m
Weight of Partition/CHB 6.30 kN/m
Slab right deadload 0.00 kN/m
Slab left deadload 0.00 kN/m
Total dead load 8.26 kN/m
6.1.4 LIVE LOADS
GIRDER= 0.72 kN/m
Slab right liveload 0.00 kN/m
Slab left liveload 0.00 kN/m
Weightof Truss 0.12 kN/m
Total live load 0.84 kN/m

6.1.5 CONCENTRATED DEAD LOADS (span 3 only )


Beam reaction (2B-1) 0.00 kN (Refer to RB 1, 1/6 - 6.1.9 )

6.1.6 SEISMIC LOADS


Span 1-2-3
Factored seisimic moment= 9.23 kN-m
Factored seisimic shear= 4.62 kN
6.1.7 FACTORED LOADS
Factored dead load 9.91 kN/m
Factored live load 1.35 kN/m
Total factored load 11.26 kN/m
6.1.8 COMPUTE MOMENTS
Deadloads Li
Spans 1, exterior end: (-)M1= 6.6886
Spans1, midspan: (+)M2= 7.6441
Spans 1-2, interior support: (-)M3= 10.7017
Span 2, midspan: (+)M4= 6.6886
Span 2-3, interior support: LEFT (-)M5= 10.7017
Span 2-3, interior span: RIGHT (-)M5= 7.6441
Span 3, midspan: (+)M6= 6.6886
Span 3 , exterior end: (-)M7= 6.6886

6.1.9 Design factored moments Primary Load Case


Section
D
Spans 1, exterior end: -6.6886
Spans1, midspan: 7.6441
Spans 1-2, interior support: -10.7017
Span 2, midspan: 6.6886
Span 2-3, interior support: LEFT -10.7017
Span 2-3, interior span: RIGHT -7.6441
Span 3, midspan: 6.6886
Span 3 , exterior end: -6.6886

6.1.10 Flexural Reinforcement at midspan

Mu b d Ru
Section
kN-m mm mm mPa
2 10.42 300 340 0.333823
4 9.12 300 340 0.292095
6 9.12 300 340 0.292095

6.1.11 Flexural Reinforcement at supports

Mu b d Ru
Section
kN-m mm mm mPa
-9.12 300 340 0.292095
1
3.21 300 340 0.10289
-14.59 300 340 0.467352
3
-0.40 300 340 0.012829
-23.16 300 340 0.742143
5
-7.66 300 340 0.245376
-9.12 300 340 0.292095
7
3.21 300 340 0.10289

6.1.12 Shear at face supports


Left, DL = 14.86 kN LL = 1.51 kN
RG-1/1:
RG-1/1:
Rigth, DL = 17.09 kN LL = 1.74 kN

Left, DL = 14.86 kN LL = 1.51 kN


RG-1/2:
Rigth, DL = 14.86 kN LL = 1.51 kN

Left, DL = 17.09 kN LL = 1.74 kN


RG-1/3:
Rigth, DL = 1.51 kN LL = 1.51 kN

6.1.13 Design for shear


Shear Capacity, φVc= 61.17 kN
Shear limits, Vc= 81.56 kN
2Vc= 163.12 kN
Area of stirrups= 226.19 mm²
Max. spacing= 1404.63 mm

Seismic provision: Confinement zone= 1.20 m


Max. spacing= 50 mm

For Span 1-3: Vd= 14.29 kN


Vl= 1.46 kN
Vu= 23.21 kN
Vs= -54.25 kN

Spacing: 150 mm
No. of stirrups within 24 pcs
the confine. Zone
Therefore, use 12 mm dia. Stirrups, 1 @ 50 24 @ 50 rest @ 150 mm o.c.
(Refer to RB 1, 1/6 - 6.1.9 )

Liveloads
Spans 1, exterior end: (-)M1= 0.68162
Spans1, midspan: (+)M2= 0.77899
Spans 1-2, interior support: (-)M3= 1.09058
Span 2, midspan: (+)M4= 0.68162
Span 2-3, interior support: LEFT (-)M5= 1.09058
Span 2-3, interior span: RIGHT (-)M5= 0.77899
Span 3, midspan: (+)M6= 0.68162
Span 3 , exterior end: (-)M7= 0.68162

Primary Load Case Design Moment


L E (-) M (+) M
-0.68162 9.23 kN/m -9.12 kN/m 3.21 kN/m
0.77899 4.62 kN/m 0.00 kN/m 10.42 kN/m
-1.09058 9.23 kN/m -14.59 kN/m -0.40 kN/m
0.68162 4.62 kN/m 0.00 kN/m 9.12 kN/m
-1.09058 9.23 kN/m
-23.16 kN/m -7.66 kN/m
-0.77899 9.23 kN/m
0.68162 4.62 kN/m 0.00 kN/m 9.12 kN/m
-0.68162 9.23 kN/m -9.12 kN/m 3.21 kN/m

As n
Req'd ρ
mm2 pcs
0.001083 147.26 2
0.000947 128.73 2
0.000947 128.73 2

As n
Req'd ρ
mm2 pcs
0.000947 128.73 2
0.000332 45.16 2
0.001520 206.75 2
0.000041 5.62 2
0.002429 330.29 2
0.000794 108.04 2
0.000947 128.73 2
0.000332 45.16 2
Simply One end Both end
Member supported continuous continuous Cantilever

Beams or ribbed
one way slabs 225.00 194.59 171.43 450.00

simply supported 18.23373828


fixed end at support moment 6.07791276
fixed end moment at midspan 12.15582552
cantilever 72.93495312

For midspan
Effective flange width:
a) b≤ 1/4(span)= 900
b)b≤bw +16t= 2200
c)b≤center to center spacing=