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Breakdown of Nutrients

Hopefully you took in as much of the information in this module
as possible. To find out how well you have done, complete the
following worksheet.

We recommend that you allocate at least 30 minutes to this

At the end of the worksheet is a convenient answers/feedback
and advice section to allow you to see how well you have done.

You are not required to return this worksheet

Page 1 of 7
Activity 1 10 Minutes

Name the seven essential nutrients we need in our diet, and classify them as either
macronutrients or micronutrients.

Write or type your answer here

Page 2 of 7
Activity 2 10 Minutes

Name the three energy providing macronutrients, and discuss them in detail.

Write or type your answer here

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Activity 3 10 Minutes

Work your way through the following paragraphs and insert the most appropriate words
to fill in the missing blanks. There are 10 in total.

There are (1) nutrients in particular that we need to keep in mind when maintaining a (2) diet, namely
proteins, (3), fats, fibre, water, (4), and minerals. These nutrients are each responsible for different
things, including providing us with energy, aiding our bodies with normal (5) and development, and
regulating bodily processes.

The foods we eat determine the nutrients we receive, and can be broken down into macronutrients and
micronutrients. (6) are nutrients that are required in large quantities in our diet; (7) are only needed in
small amounts. Some macronutrients provide (8) and some do not.

The macronutrients that do not provide energy, but are still an essential part of our diet, include (9) and
(10), though the latter may sometimes be placed in its own category altogether.

Write or type your answer here

Page 4 of 7
Answers / Feedback
Use this section to check your answers and see how well you have done
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Activity 1

Carbohydrates - Macronutrient
Proteins - Macronutrient
Fats - Macronutrient
Fibre - Macronutrient
Water - Macronutrient
Vitamins - Micronutrient
Minerals - Micronutrient

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Activity 2


• There are different types of carbohydrate molecules – simple and complex.

• Simple carbohydrates are found in sugary foods such as cakes, biscuits, and other junk
• Complex carbohydrates can be found in fruits, vegetables, and other wholegrain foods such
as bread and pasta.
• Complex carbohydrates contain more nutrients and are more slowly absorbed, thus
preventing spikes in blood sugar, and keeping us fuller for longer.
• Complex carbohydrates are favoured over simple carbohydrates.


• Proteins can be found in most animal and plant foods.

• They provide our cells with the nutrients needed for growth, development, and repair.
• Protein-containing foods are broken down into
amino acids by the body – these are the building blocks of proteins which our cells use.
• There are non-essential amino acids, which means that our body produces them.
• There are also essential amino acids, that our body cannot produce, and thus we need to
get from food.


• Fats are also known as lipids and are the most energy-dense nutrients.
• They contain more energy per gram than any other macronutrient.
• There are saturated and unsaturated fats.
• Unsaturated fats are known as healthy fats and can be found in vegetable oil, nuts, and
other plant based products.
• Saturated fats are less healthy and are found in things such as butter.

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Activity 3

1) Seven
2) Balanced
3) Carbohydrates
4) Vitamins
5) Growth
6) Macronutrients
7) Micronutrients
8) Energy
9) Fibre
10) Water


Now that you have studied this module, it is time to decide if you feel you are
ready to move on. If you struggled in this module, make sure you take the time
to read through the material again.

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