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CompTIA IT Fundamentals+

(Exam FC0-U61)
Module 1 / Unit 4 / Managing an OS

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Objectives
•Use GUI and command-line
management interfaces to
configure an operating
system
•Explain the importance of
access control features and
configure user accounts
Image by racorn © 123rf.com

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Management Interfaces
• Control Panel/Windows Settings
• Management consoles
o Computer Management default
console
o Custom consoles with selected snap-
ins
• Registry Editor (regedit)
• Command prompt and PowerShell
• Linux configuration files

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Task Manager
•Processes and threads
•Use Task Manager to
monitor and control
processes (and other
performance indicators)
•End or “kill” a process
that is not responding
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Service Management
• Typical application processes
run in a window that the user
can interact with
• Services are processes that run
in the background
• Support functionality of OS and
many applications
• Start, stop, and configure
services via the Services snap-
in
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Task Scheduler
•Automate execution of
processes
•Use schedules or other
triggers

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Memory and Disk Management
•System memory
o Volatile, meaning that it is only preserved while the system
is powered up
o System memory is provided by Random Access Memory
(RAM) modules
•Mass storage
o Preserves data when the system is turned off
o Primary fixed disk - hard disk or a Solid-State Drive (SSD)
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Memory Management
•Mostly controlled by the
OS
•Monitor memory usage
to see if upgrade is
required
•Monitor how processes
use memory to detect
leaks and other faults
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Virtual Memory/Pagefile
•Use space on a fixed
disk to supplement
system RAM
•Can be configured via
System properties

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Disk Management
•Create partitions and
file systems on fixed
disks to make them
usable by the OS
•Can also format
removable and external
disks
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Command Line Interfaces
• Operate the OS using typed
commands rather than GUI
• Commands available depend
on the environment
o Windows command prompt
(cmd.exe)
o Windows PowerShell
o Linux Bash (Bourne Again SHell)

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Access Control and Protection
•Access control systems ensure authorized use of
computers, networks, and data resources
•Users are identified via accounts
•Users access an account by authenticating with
credentials know or held only by them
•Accounts are assigned privileges or rights to do
things
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Account Types and UAC
• Administrator versus standard
user accounts
• Least privilege
o Allocate asfew rights and
permissions to accounts as
possible
• User Account Control (UAC)
o Too many people use
administrator accounts all the time
o UAC requires explicit authorization
to perform a “protected” task
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Creating and Managing User Accounts
•Microsoft versus local
accounts
•Account settings app
(password, picture, etc)
•Local Users and Groups
snap-in
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Review
Image by Wavebreak Media © 123rf.com

• Use GUI and command-


line management
interfaces to configure
an operating system
• Explain the importance
of access control
features and configure
user accounts

77
CompTIA IT Fundamentals+