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什是状方程(Equation of State):Then the relation between the hydrostatic pressure, the

(or specific volume) and local specific energy (or temperature) is known as an
equation of state.通常也就是下面的格式:
p = f (v, e)
Autodyn 中行了化:in the following sections, viscosity, heat conduction and devia
from thermodynamic equilibrium (at any instant and any point) will be neglected.

下面就是一些状方程的形式和不同使用范:
1.Ideal Gas Form
形式:pv=RT
比重要的是指数:the adiabatic exponent γ is a constant (equal to 1 + R / cv).
注意事: Solutions with this simple equation of state should therefore be viewed critical
hen run to very lon times or very lar e expansions

2.Linear Equation of State


形式:p=Kμ
where μ = (ρ/ρ0) - 1, and K is the mate ial bulk modulus
适用:In many cases, especially if the mate ial is a liquid o  solid, the influence of ch
anges in ent opy is small o  negligible so that p may be conside ed a function o
f density (o  specific volume) alone.
注意事:This fo m of equation of state is of use only fo  fai ly small comp essions and s
d not be used if it is conside ed that la ge comp essions may occu .

3.Mie-G uneisen Fo m
形式:省略。
手册中没有多,以后参考理籍。

4.Polynomial Equation of State


形式:
Fo  μ > 0 (compression):
P=A1μ+A2μ2+A3μ3+(B0+B1μ) ρ0e
Fo  μ < 0 (tension):
P=T1μ+T2μ2+B0ρ0e
明:This is a gene al fo m of the Mie-G uneisen fo m of equation of state and it has di
ffe ent analytic fo ms fo  states of comp ession and tension.
范:This is p obably t ue as long as the ange in density va iation (and hence ange in
μ) is not too lar e.

5.The “Shock” Equation of State


形式:U=c0+sup
适用范: for most solids and many liquids over a wide ran e of pressure there is an empir
linear relationship between these two variables.算是冲算最典的状程了。
注意: At hi h shock stren ths some nonlinearity in this relationship is apparent, partic
ularly for non-metallics. 因此Autodyn提供了的形式,比如二次形式。

6.Expansion Equations of State


略。自己看的也不仔。

7.Tillotson Equation of State


形式:不同的区域有不同的形式。略
适用范:provide an accurate description of the material behavior of metallic elements ove
e very wide ran es of pressure and density met in hypervelocity phenomena.
力范也是相当广的:The pressure ran e can be so lar e that the “low pressure” re ime of
tate is defined as from 0 to 10 Mbar and “hi h pressure” from 10 to about 1000 Mbar.

It is therefore a very useful form of equation of state to use for eneral hyper
velocity impact problems.

8.Puff Equation of State


形式:三个区域,分有三个等式。
适用范:Like the Tillotson formulation above this equation of state was constructed to co
the behavior of material from cold shocked re ions to hot, hi hly expanded re io
ns.

9.Two-Phase Equation of State


适用范:in which liquid and vapor co-exist)

10.Sesame equation of state


适用范:广,且允when materials under o phase chan es。The Sesame EOS has been extensi
ypervelocity impact simulations at Century Dynamics . This work used the La ran
e and SPH processors. Use of this EOS with the Euler processor is as yet unprove
n.