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1 Ωελλενσπαννυνγ
Generator ΥνιτUnit
Shaft Voltage 6 20−02−2009
6 20-02-2009

Generator Protokoll
Generator Record
Shaft voltage measurement

Kennwort : Trombay Unit 6 T/G-Nr.: G 127404

Code Word : T/G-Nr.:
Erstinbetriebnahme : Wiederinbetriebnahme :
Commissioning : Recommissioning :

Generator Wellenspannungsmessung
Generator Shaft Voltage Measurement

Wirkleistung Ständerstrom
Active power 504 MW Stator current 14 kA (L1)
Blindleistung Erregerstrom
Reactive power + 29 Mvar Exciter current 2600 A

Generator Stator
GTE-Seal ring
holder EE-Seal ring holder

Weitergabe so-
wie Vervielfälti-
gung dieser
Unterlage, Ver-
wertung und
Mitteilung ihres
Inhaltes nicht
soweit nicht
Zuwiderhandlu GTE-Bearing
ngen EE-Bearing
verpflichten zu
Alle Rechte für
den Fall der Shaft Voltage [VAC]:
oder GM-Eintra-
EE-shaft → ground 7,5 V
TS-shaft → EE-shaf 7,6 V

Insulation Current [AAC]:

EE Gen.- bearing → EE shaft -

EE Seal ring holder → EE shaft -

Information :
Die Isolationsströme konnten mit dem Messgerät vom Kunden leider nicht aufgenommen
Unfortunately, the insulation currents could not be tested with the testing equipment provided by the Customer.

Abteilung: Bearbeiter : Datum : Gegenzeichnung :

ES 221 M.Schmidt 20.02.2009
Department : Tested : Date : Counter signature :

SIEMENS AG Energieerzeugung (PG)

1.7 - 0910 7329 0780/3/1
Siemens AG Power Generation Group (PG) 06/01

CR-ST-2009-1188 TROMBAY - 60 - Page 7 of 14 -

Turbo generator
Measurement of Shaft Voltages Air Cooled Generator TLRI
Plant: Poolbeg ESB GT – Generator . 14 & 15 TLRI 108 /36 G7766 170 MVA

Gen. 14

Turbine EE
Oil film
Bearing shell
Bearing pedestal Brush
Pedestal Insulation


Measurements and Checks Remarks

Shaft voltage at as at Fig. 1. 3.1V A.C
0.2V DC

Condition of shaft grounding brushes,
Cleanliness, forces, 2 layer direction
Shaft voltage at Fig. 2. 3.1V
0.2C DC

Insulation current (at shaft voltage), 0.0v
Generator Bearing pedestal EE. Fig. 3. 0.3 Amps
R/H/S Brush holders require Alignment See Accompanying sheets
5 /
To shaft radius
Current in the shaft grounding brushes line, See next sheet
(see next sheet)

Fig 1. Fig 2.


Fig. 3.


SIEMENS Power Generation ESF

Generator Generatorwellenspannung
Generator Generator Shaft Voltage
Commissioning Record
Kennwort: T/G-Nr./Block: Typ/Teil:
Code Word: Sugen CCPP T/G No./Unit: 10/20/30 Type/Part: Einwelle/Single Shaft
Baugruppe: Zeichnungs-Nr.: Index:
Design Gr.: Drawing No.: ID:
Auftrags. Nr.: Erstinbetriebnahme Revision:
Order No.: 11157/11331/11379 Initial Commissioning Inspection:

System/Titel: Code/Aktivität: Überprüfung der Wellenstrangisolierung

System/Title: MKA Generator Code/Activity: B-MKA-02
Checking of Generator Shaft Insulation

Überprüfung der Isolation zum Schutz vor Wellenströmen*

Checking of Insulation for Protection from Shaft Currents*
Einheit Datum / Date
Generator Betriebswerte
Generator Load Conditions
Wirkleistung / Active Power MW
Blindleistung / Reactive Power MVAr
Generatorspannung / Terminal Voltage KV
Generatorstrom / Stator Current KA
Erregerstrom / Generator Field Current A
Messung von Wellenspannung / Strom
Measurement of Shaft Voltage / Current
Copyright © Siemens AG 2006 - All Rights Reserved

Welle GTS - DTS / across the shaft GTE - STE V

Welle DTS - Erde / Shaft STE - Ground V
Pot. Lager DTS - Welle DTS mA
Pot. Bearing STE – Shaft STE V
Pot. Wellendichtung DTS - Welle DTS mA
Pot. Shaft Seal STE – Shaft STE V

Instrumente / Instruments
V – meter: Messbereich:
V – meter: Meas. Range:
A – meter: Messbereich:
A – meter: Meas. Range:

Wellendichtung Wellendichtung
shaft seal shaft seal


GTS-Lager Erdungsbürste Generatorständer DTS-Lager Schleifringe

GTE-Bearing Grounding Brush Generator Stator STE-Bearing Slip Rings

* Für weitere Informationen siehe Dokument 2.5-0300-… im Register Anlagen

* For more information see document 2.5-0300-… at Tab Appendices

Abteilung: Bearbeiter: Datum: Gegenzeichnung:

Department: Tested: Date: Counter Signature:

Siemens AG 2.7-8330-0503
Power Generation 1106DE
Checking the Bearing and Seal Insulation
2.5 - 0300 - 0503 / 1 - 2 1206E

1 General 2.4 Final Checking

After the generator rotor has been inserted, a final insulation
During operation of a generator, voltages are set up along check should be performed. The total insulation resistance
the rotor shaft due to magnetic unbalances. This shaft voltage must not be less than 100kΩ. Due to contact with the shaft, the
would cause a destructive current to flow through the bearing, measuring circuit covers in parallel:
shaft seal and other components if the rotor were not insulated J TE/EE bearings
from ground at least at the exciter end. For reasons of inter-
J TE/EE shaft seals
changeability, all stator components coming into contact with
the generator rotor are insulated.
3 Checking the Shaft Seal and Bearing Insulation of
the Assembled Unit
2 Checking the Shaft Seal and Bearing lnsulation
During Installation Checking the shaft seal and bearing insulation during op-
eration may be done by way of the shaft voltage prevailing with
the generator running in an excited condition. For this purpose,
2.1 Bearing Saddle
the potential of the insulated shaft seals and bearings is acces-
Prior to inserting the rotor and supporting it on the bearings,
sible external to the generator. With the generator running, the
the insulation resistance of the built - in bearing saddle should
components coming into contact with the shaft are separated
be measured separately by means of a 100 V megger applied
from the shaft by an oil film, which has insulating properties.
between the bearing saddle and the lower part of the stator
Consequently, a nondefined resistance value is set up at the
frame. The values measured should be recorded.
potential measuring points of the shaft seals and bearing
With satisfactory insulation, a value in excess of 10 MΩ is
sleeves which is dictated by the magnitude of the resistances
Copyright © Siemens AG 2006 - All Rights Reserved

to be expected. lf an insulation resistance value below 300 kΩ

of the oil film and insulating parts. The following method per-
is measured, the insulating parts should be checked for mois-
mits the insulation to be checked without disassembly of com-
ture, contamination or metallic contacts. lf required, the insula-
ponents being required.
tion should be dried at 80_C maximum.
Useful results are, however, to be expected only if the tur-
The measurement should be repeated immediately after
bine end of the generator rotor and the turbine shaft are
the rotor has been supported on the bearings.
grounded properly as defined during the measurements.
Caution: With this measurement and the following
Grounding must be maintained to discharge to ground any
checks both rotor bearings must be insulated, and the ge-
static charges occurring continuously during operation due to
nerator rotor must not come into contact with the turbine
steam and oil film friction.
shaft through measuring devices or similar parts, to pre-
vent the generator rotor from being grounded.
3.1 Checking the lnsulation with the Generator in an
Since, with the rotor inserted, all individual resistances Excited Condition
measured previously are now in parallel in the measuring Due to the rotor grounding arrangement at the turbine end,
circuit, the total resistance will be slightly lower than the the shaft voltage should be measured at the exciter end. Since
lowest individual resistance value measured before. the result depends, however, on the function of the rotor
grounding system (carbon brush sliding on shaft), the shaft
2.2 Inner and Outer Labyrinth Rings voltage should first be measured according to Fig. 1 with the
Inner and outer Iabyrinth rings are insulated from other generator running and excited. Normally, this will be an ac volt-
components. The insulation resistance of each individual Iaby- age of a few volts on which a small dc component is superim-
rinth ring should be measured after installation in order to pre- posed. Measurement should be performed by means of an
clude any lengthy search for faulty mounting on measurement AVO meter in the ac range. The voltage should be picked off
of a poor insulation resistance. Proceed with mounting of the the shaft through a sliding contact with an insulated handle,
next component only after having identified and removed the which is connected to the meter by a cable.
cause of a poor insulation resistance. After installation of all in- The shaft voltage measured in this way should then be
sulated components the total resistance will be slightly lower compared with the voltage measured according to Fig. 2. lf the
than the Iowest individual resistance value measured before. two readings are not identical, the rotor grounding system
should be rectified first before taking any further readings to
2.3 Shaft Seals check the insulation for shaft currents.
Both shaft seals are mounted such that they are insulated. lf the shaft voltage can be exactly measured according to
Handhabung: OFFEN

To check the insulation resistance, follow the same procedure Fig. 2, the measuring brush on the shaft should first be con-
as outlined for the labyrinth rings. lt is to be expected that the nected to the potential measuring terminal of the insulated
total resistance will likewise be lower than the lowest individual component (bearing sleeve or shaft seal) at the exciter end by
resistance measured before. means of a cable. The oil film of the component is thus bridged,

Siemens AG 2.5 - 0300 - 0503 / 1

Power Generation 1206E

Roil Roil
Rins Rins


1 V
1 Voltmeter (ac range) Rins 2
Fig. 1 Measurement of Shaft Voltage With the Generator
in Excited Unit

1 Voltmeter (ac range)

2 Ammeter

Fig. 3 Measurement of Shaft Current With the Generator

EE in Excited Condition


V 1


1 Voltmeter (ac range)

Fig. 2 Measurement of Shaft Voltage at Exciter End With the

Generator in Excited Condition

with the component assuming the shaft potential. With satis- 1 Bridge instrument
factory insulation, the instrument will continue to indicate a Fig. 4 Measurement of Insulation Resistance With the Generator
shaft voltage of the original magnitude. In the event of insuffi- in Non-Excited Condition
cient insulation resistance, a current will flow through the in-
sulation, which may be read at the ammeter connected into the cited condition. A bridge instrument must be used. To measure
circuit. Bridging of the oil film results in a reduction of the origi- the resistance of the insulated component with respect to the
nal shaft voItage or in its complete collapse. shaft and ground, the bridge instrument should be connected
The resulting current can be measured for a brief moment between this component and ground. The resistances (Roil
by means of an ammeter connected into the circuit between and Rins in series) of the parts in contact with the shaft are then
the measuring brush and the potential measuring terminal. connected in parallel with the measuring voltage. This mea-
surement is not practicable with the generator at standstill,
3.2 Checking the lnsulation With the Generator in since a stable oil film providing for full insulation can only be
Non - Excited Condition formed above a speed of approximately 3.33 to 6.66 s - 1.
lf the previous tests are inconclusive, additional tests may In case of a low insulation resistance, it must be assumed
be performed in consultation with the manufacturer to Iocate that the insulation is defective, requiring detailed checking of
insulation defects with the generator running and in non - ex- the insulating parts. (Contact the manufacturer.)

Siemens AG 2.5 - 0300 - 0503 / 2

Power Generation 1206E

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