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PRODUCTION OF FILTER PAPER FROM MACROALGAL THALLI

(CHAETOCEROS SP.) AND RECYCLED PAPER

This is a Partial Requirement

for the subject CHE24,

Methods of Research.
Bea U. Casiano

ENCH4B

December 16, 2018


METHODOLOGY

This chapter discusses the research design, materials and equipment, and general

procedure to be used in the production of filter paper from macroalgal thalli

(Chaetoceros sp.) and recycled paper.

Research Design

This study follows the experimental research design. The other name for

experimental research design is group interventional research study. This involves

procedures that are relevant in the making of quantitative research. This study will

employ techniques in the production of paper, specifically for the production of filter

paper from macroalgal thalli (Chaetoceros sp.) and recycled paper.

Methodology

This study endeavors to convert macroalgal thalli (Chaetoceros sp.) and recycled

paper to filter paper. The general process flow diagram for the production of filter paper

from macroalgal thalli (Chaetoceros sp.) and recycled paper will be found in this section,

specifically in Figure 1.

This section includes the washing of macroalgal thalli (Chaetoceros sp., bleaching

of the recycled paper, the grinding of macroalgal thalli (Chaetoceros sp.) and recycled

paper, the mercerization of the pulp from macroalgal thalli (Chaetoceros sp.) and

recycled paper, screening of the first phase of the filter paper, the drying of the first phase

of the filter paper, the sizing and creping of the filter paper, and finally the final drying of

the product, the filter paper.


Macroalgal thalli (Chaetoceros sp.)

Recycled Paper Washing

Bleaching Grinding

Pulping Dilute NaOH

Washing

Screening

Drying

Gelatine or Acrylate
Sizing and Creping Polymer

Drying

Filter Paper

Figure 1. General Process Flow Diagram for the Production of Filter Paper from

Macroalgal thalli (Chaetoceros sp.) and Recycled Paper


First Washing. Removal of other unnecessary solid particles such as dust, dirt,

and grime.

Bleaching. Deinking or the removal of printing inks and other unwanted elements

such as colors or pigments on the paper.

Grinding. The macroalgal thalli (Chaetoceros sp.) and recycled paper will then be

grinded into a pulp.

Pulping. Pulp mercerization, the addition of hot diluted sodium hydroxide for

getting high bulk and porosity.

Second Washing. Removal of the black liquor, contain lignin fragments,

carbohydrates from the breakdown of hemicellulose, sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate

and other inorganic salts, from the solution.

Screening. The formation of the initial form of the filter paper, and screening out

any irregularities found in the mixture.

Drying. Eliminating the moisture from the mixture for the formation of the initial

form of the filter paper.

Sizing and Creping. Coating with sizing, a glue-like substance usually gelatine

or acrylate polymer, and creping, to create gathers, giving it a crinkly texture like that of

crêpe.

Second Drying. The final removal of moisture to finalize the form of the filter

paper.
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ashless filter papers for quantitative analysis. (n.d.) Retrieved from


https://www.hahnemuehle.com/en/filtration/lab-filtration/filter-paper/quantitative-
filterpapiere/ashless-filter-papers-for-quantitative-analysis.html
Backman, S. (1984). Method of making filter paper. Retrieved from
https://patents.google.com/patent/US4710402A/en
Imani, R., Talaiepour, M., Dutta, J., Ghobadinezhad, M. R., Hemmasi, A. H., & Nazhad,
M. M. (2011). Production of antibacterial filter paper from wood cellulose.
BioResources, 6(1), 891-900. Retrieved from
https://bioresources.cnr.ncsu.edu/BioRes_06/BioRes_06_1_0891_Imani_TCGHN
_Prodn_Antibacterial_Filter_Paper_Cellulose_1286.pdf
Schmidt, H. (1986). Process for manufacturing articles of filter paper. Retrieved from
https://patents.google.com/patent/US4718883A/en