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MATERIALS ENGINEER EXAM REVIEWER

1. In soil Engineering the term “SOIL” includes


a. clay c. sand
b. gravel d. all of the preceding

2. The compressibility of a fine grained soil is


a. high c. it depends upon the grain size
b. low

3. Sand has a greater load-carrying capacity than clay


a. true c. it depends on gradation
b. false d. it depends on water content

4. The highest moisture content in the plastic consistency of fine-grained soil is the
a. liquid limit c. shrinkage limit
b. plastic limit

5. Compaction increases the strength of soil by


a. expelling air from its voids c. both a and b
b. forcing soil particles into more intimate contact

6. Indicates a range of moisture content over which soil is plastic


a. plastic limit c. plasticity index
b. shrinkage limit

7. Water content of an undisturbed soil is called


a. optimum moisture content c. natural water content
b. hygroscopic moisture content

8. In the performance of Moisture Density Relations Test, the equipment used is


a. liquid limit device c. rammer and mold
b. sand-cone apparatus d. none of the above

9. Peat and muck are


a. fair subgrade soils c. unstable soils
b. stable soils d. good subgrade soils

10. The particle size distribution of a soil is determined by


a. liquid limit test c. plastic limit test
b. sieve analysis test d. any of the preceding

11. To prevent intrustion of soft subgrade material into the aggregate base or subbase, ________ may be used
a. reinforced earth c. gabions
b. rock buttress d. geotextile

12. The CBR value is generally selected at ________ penetration


a. 0.10 c. 0.05

b. 0.0375 d. 0.20

13. One of the methods in improving the properties of a soil to make it suitable for a particular purpose is
a. particle rearrangement c. paving
b. sodding or sprigging d. none of the preceding

14. A sample of saturated clay has a mass of 102.8 g. After oven drying, the same soil weighs 73.4 g. If the specific
gravity is 2.74, its wet density, g/ml is
a. 1.829 c. 1.827
b. 1.825 d. 1.830
15. The dry density, g/ml is
a. 1.310 c. 1.300
b. 1.306 d. 1.309
16. Blown Asphalt are usually used for paving
a. true c. it depends upon its ductility
b. false

17. A mixture of asphalt cement and water with emulsifying agent is called
a. R. C. cutback c. Asphalt emulsion
b. M. C. cutback d. Oxidized asphalt

18. The __________ compares the compressive strength of dry and wet specimens of asphalt mixes.
a) Marshall Stability Test c) Job-Mix formula
b) Immersion-Compression Test

19. The effective asphalt content is __________ the actual asphalt content.
a) lower than c) equal to
b) higher than

20. Which of the following percent air voids is most preferable in bituminous mixture
a) 0% c) 8%
b) 5%

21. ________ determines the bitumen content of asphalt Cement


a) Viscosity c) Flash point
b) solubility d) Extraction test

22. ________ is the consistency test on solid asphalt.


a) Distillation c) Viscosity
b) Penetration d) Ductility

23. ________ is the bituminous coating applied to an old concrete pavement to be used as base.
a) Tack coat c) Seal coat
b) Prime coat

24. A Job-mix formula provides for close control of


a. asphalt content c. both a and b
b. aggregate gradation

25. ________ is the resistance of an asphalt pavement against weathering.


a) Flexibility c) Stability
b) Durability d) Workability

26. The temperature of hot mixes being delivered should not be less than its ________ temperature
a. mixing c. heating
b. application d. compaction

27. A Bituminous Seal Coat is usually applied with aggregate


a. true c. it depends on the surface application
b. false

28. The maximum specific gravity of an asphalt mix containing 6.0% asphalt by weight of mix is 2.6. If the specific
gravity of asphalt is 1.01, the specific gravity of the aggregate is equal to
a. 2.65 c. 2.76
b. 2.56 d. 2.70

29. The weight in air of a core specimen taken from asphalt pavement is 4,128 g. If its SSD weight is 4,137 g. and
its weight in water is 2,237 g. Therefore, its bulk density is
a. 2.42 c. 2.28
b. 1.72 d. 2.69
30. The bulk specific gravity of a sample of bituminous pavement taken from a newly rolled section is 2.244. If the
laboratory compacted specific gravity is 2.362 and the minimum compaction requirement is 95%, the
pavement is
a. satisfactorily rolled c. in need of more rolling
b. over compacted

31. Concrete specimen molded in a 6” x 6” x 21” beam mold should be rodded ________ times
a. 60 c. 62
b. 61 d. 63

32. Quality determination of concrete coarse aggregate sample requires


a. abrasion test c. stability
b. sieve analysis d. both a and b

33. Concrete fine aggregate should be tested for


a. compaction c. stability
b. stripping d. none of the preceding

34. Admixtures are used to


a. improve workability c. retard initial setting
b. increase strength d. all of the preceding

35. ________ will improve if water – cement ratio is lowered.


a) Compressive strength c) Bond
b) Flexural strength d) All of the preceding

36. Angular coarse aggregate will require more ________ per unit volume of concrete.
a. sand c. both a and b
b. water d. coarse aggregate

37. Slump test could be used to detect


a. increase in cement content c. increase in volume
b. increase in water d. increase in aggregate

38. Greatest net water is required in a concrete mix with


a. very coarse c. fine
b. coarse d. very fine, fine aggregate

39. If the concrete beam specimen is raptured during test outside the middle third, but within 5% of the span
length, the formula to be used in computing the stress is
a. R = PL/bd2 c. R = Pla/bd2
2
b. R = 3Pa/bd

40. Concrete mix should be in place ________ after the cement is added into the aggregates and water.
a. 100 min c. 15 min
b. 90 min

41. The fineness modulus is highest for


a. coarse c. fine
b. very coarse d. very fine, sand.

42. In molding concrete cylinder specimen, each layer should be rodded ________ times.
a. 25 c. 60
b. 56 d. 100

43. Concrete cylinder sample should be molded in ________ equal layers.


a. 1 c. 3
b. 2 d. 4

44. Maintaining the water-cement ratio, the concrete containing ________ maximum size aggregate will develop
the highest strength.
a. 50.0 mm c. 19.0 mm
b. 37.5 mm d. 12.5 mm
45. Paving concrete will need less ________ than that of structural concrete.
a. sand c. coarse aggregate
b. water d. both a & b

46. The maximum percentage of abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse aggregate is
a. 40 c. 50
b. 45

47. For Bituminous Concrete Surface Course, if asphalt cement is used, the percentage based on the weight of
aggregate should be
a. 3 to 5% c. 6 to 10%
b. 5 to 8%

48. An aggregate base course of 21,600 m3 will require ________ quality tests.
a. 14 c. 72
b. 15

49. Coarse aggregate for Crushed Stone Aggregate Surface Course should have not less than ________ with at least
one fractured face
a. 40 c. 50
b. 45 d. 60

50. Crushed Gravel Base Course, Grading C, shall be compacted in layers of not more than ________ loose
thickness.
a. 10 cm c. 20 cm
b. 15 cm

51. An embankment to be constructed to a height of 65 cm will have a minimum of ________ layers.


a. 4 c. 6
b. 5

52. To give Bituminous Plant Mix Base Course greater to resistance to water, ________ hydrated lime should be
added during mixing.
a. ½ to 1% c. 2 – 3%
b. 1 ½ to 2%

53. The type of Bituminous Macadam Pavement is


a. asphalt cement c. rock asphalt
b. asphalt emulsion d. either a or b.

54. Prestressed Concrete Structures use concrete class


a) A c) C
b) B d) P

55. ________ pipes should be taken as sample to represent 225 reinforced concrete pipes.
a) 5 c) 3
b) 9

56. Before placing the asphalt pavement, the gravel base course should be
a. seal coated c. prime coated
b. tack coated

57. Concrete used in reinforced concrete culvert pipe should generally have a compressive strength of a
a. 16.54 Mpa ( 2400) c. 20.67 Mpa ( 3000)
b. 27.56 Mpa ( 4000) d. 34.45 Mpa ( 5000)

58. Concrete railings, pipes, and piles require the use of what class of concrete?
a. A c. C
b. B d. P

59. Steel bars for concrete reinforcement is tested for its ________ properties.
a. tensile c. bending
b. compression d. both a and c
60. Aggregate Base Course with a volume of 112,000m3 will have a minimum number of ________ quality tests.
a. 74 c. 56
b. 75 d. 374

61. Which plasticity index is most suitable for aggregate base course?
a. 5 c. 15
b. 10 d. 50
NOTE: The fraction passing the 0.425 mm (No.40) shall have a liquid limit not greater than 25 and plasticity
index not greater than 6.

62. The specified flexural strength for paving concrete is


a. 350 c. 525
b. 400 d. 300

63. The sample of 12.5 mm diameter steel bar to be submitted for test should be at least
a. 20 cm c. 100 cm
b. 40 cm d. none of the above

64. ________ is the method used in determining the strength of concrete pipes.
a) Third point loading c) Mid-span loading
b) Three-edge bearing test d) none of the above

65. Prestressed concrete requires the use of Class ________ concrete.


a. A c. C
b. B d. P

66. If an asphalt pavement will be constructed over an old existing concrete pavement, ________ should be
applied to the concrete pavement.
a. prime coat c. seal coat
b. tack coat d. mortar coat

67. For bituminous concrete mixes, the asphalt material may either be asphalt cement or asphalt emulsion
a. true b. false

68. Coarse Aggregate for Bituminous Macadam Pavement should be ________


a. crushed gravel or stone c. both a and b
b. natural gravel d. none of the above

69/70. Tests for coarse aggregate include


a. abrasion c. absorption
b. mortar strength d. all of the preceding

71/72. Tests for fine aggregate for concrete include


a. gradation c. abrasion
b. mortar strength d. all of the preceding

73. Unless otherwise specified in the special provision, the type of portland cement used in paving concrete shall
be
a. Type I c. Type III
b. Type II d. Type IV

74. During construction of a road project, if all the materials to be used are tested for quality, inspection is no
longer required
a. true b. false

75. The degree of compaction of an embankment in our present Specifications is based on


a. CBR method c. AASHTO Designation T-180
b. Unconfined compression test d. Bulk Specific Gravity

76/77. Under Excavation for Structure, Item 106, the backfilling operation shall be done in 20 cm loose layer and
compacted to at least 95 Percent.

78. Soils are natural aggregates of minerals connected by strong and permanent cohesive forces
a. true b. false
79. The boundary between sand and gravel is
a. 0.425 mm (#40) c. 2.00 mm (#10)
b. 4.750 mm (#4) d. 0.075 mm (#200)

80. A ________ is a soil which exhibits the properties of a clay but contains an appreciable amount of sand.
a) sandy clay c) sand clay
b) clayey sand d) none of the preceding

81. Plasticity test is done on soils passing ________ sieve.


a. 0.425 mm (#40) c. 0.075 mm (#200)
b. 2.00 mm (#10)

82. ________ is the process whereby soil particles are contained more closely together through a reduction in the
air voids, generally by mechanical means.
a) Soil compaction c) In-place unit weight
b) mechanical analysis d) CBR

83. Soils containing more than 35% passing 0.075mm (#200) sieve are classified under
a. silt-clay materials c. it depends on the plasticity index
b. granular materials

84. ________ is provided for the purpose of counteracting moisture movement within the structure either by
seepage or capillary action.
a) Surface drainage c) compaction
b) chemical admixtures d) subsoil drainage

85. A subgrade soil with a CBR value of ________ will require a thicker layer of subbase and base course.
a) 5% c) 30%
b) 15% d) 3%

86. ________ is one of the methods of stabilizing inferior soils.


a) Particle rearrangement c) paving
b) sodding or sprigging d) flattening

87. The physical and engineering properties of soils may be improved by


a. compaction c. both a and b
b. stabilization d. neither a nor b.

88. Water content of soils is generally based on the


a. total weight of soil c. weight of solids
b. total volume of soil d. none of the preceding

89. The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to


a. compactive efforts c. both a and b
b. water content d. none of the preceding

90. Disturbed samples may be used for


a. sieve test c. compaction test
b. liquid limit d. any of the preceding

91. A soil with a Group Index of 5 is stronger than another with a Group Index of 10
a. true c. it depends on the water content
b. false

92. ________ determines the relative amount of water in the voids.


a) Water content c) degree of saturation
b) void ratio d) porosity

93. ________ is an asphalt formed by natural process of evaporation.


a) Rock asphalt c) asphalt cement
b) Asphalt emulsion d) cutback asphalt
94. Uncrushed aggregates are preferable than crushed aggregates for bituminous mixtures
a. true c. it depends on the type of bituminous material
b. false

95. The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid asphalt is the
a. flowmeter c. penetrometer
b. viscometer d. pycnometer

96. ________ is preferable for bituminous prime coat.


a) Solid c) Blown
b) liquid d) hot asphalt

97. ________ is the test used in determining amount of asphalt cement in a liquid asphalt.
a) Distillation c) Penetration
b) Extraction d) Solubility

98. ________ are usually tested for extraction.


a) Asphalt cement c) asphalt mixes
b) cut-back asphalt d) asphalt emulsion

99. Extraction test is the procedure used for separating


a) the asphalt from water in emulsified asphalt c) asphalt from kerosene solvent
b) asphalt from mineral aggregates d) asphalt from gasoline solvent

100. The optimum asphalt content obtained in a Marshall Stability test is the average of the asphalt content of the
Maximum Stability, Maximum density and
a. Maximum flow c. 4% air voids
b. Maximum air voids d. 4% flow

101. ________ are intergranular void spaces between aggregate particles.


a) VMA c) Permeable voids
b) Air voids

102. The main difference between a bulk measured specific gravity of a bituminous mixtures and its maximum
measured specific gravity is the
a. weight of the voids c. volume of the voids
b. weight of the asphalt d. volume of the aggregates

103. ________ is the best type of asphalt to be used for hot mixes.
a) Asphalt cement c) Rapid curing
b) emulsified asphalt d) medium curing cut-back

104. A bituminous coating applied in an existing road prior to laying of a bituminous surface overlay is
a) prime coat c) seal coat
b) tack coat

105. The distance traveled by a standard penetration needle on a prepared sample of asphalt under conditions for
normal penetration is 8.6 mm. The material is ________ penetration grade
a. 40 – 50 c. 120 – 150
b. 85 – 100 d. 200 – 300

106. The maximum specific gravity of an asphalt mix containing 6.0% asphalt by weight of mix is 2.5. if the specific
gravity of the asphalt is 1.01, the specific gravity of the aggregate is equal to
a. 2.65 c. 2.76
b. 2.56 d. 2.70

107. A job-mix formula provides for close control of


a. aggregate gradation c. both of them
b. asphalt content d. neither of them

108. The desired property of fresh concrete is


a. strength c. workability
b. durability d. water tightness
109. The sieve used in the separation of aggregates after the abrasion test is
a. 1.70mm ( No. 12 ) c. 4.75mm ( No. 4 )
b. 0.425mm ( No. 40 ) d. 0.075mm ( No. 200 )

110. Normally, concrete mix with water-cement ratio will develop the lowest strength.
a) 0.75 c) 0.50
b) 0.35 d) 0.45

111. The most important single factor which affects the quality of concrete is
a. cement content c. water-cement ratio
b. aggregate gradation d. aggregate quality

112. Paving concrete will need less ________ than that of structure concrete.
a. sand c. coarse aggregate
b. water d.both a and b

113. Concrete specimen molded in a 6”x6”x21” beam should be rodded


a. 60 c. 62
b. 61 d. 63

114. Quality determination of concrete coarse aggregate sample requires


a. abrasion test c. stability
b. sieve analysis d. both a and b

115. Concrete mix should be in place ________ minutes after the cement is added into the aggregate and water.
a. 100 c. 15
b. 120 d. 90

116. Concrete beam specimens for paving concrete are molded in


a. 2 equal layers c. 4 equal layers
b. 3 equal layers d. any of the preceding

117. A minimum cement factor of ________ bags/cubic meter of concrete is required for paving concrete (Based
on the 94 lbs. Bag of cement)
a. 7.5 c. 9.5
b. 8.5 d. 10.0

118. The volume of the ________ can be calculated by performing the unit weight test on the fresh concrete.
a. concrete c. air
b. cement d. all of the preceding

119. The use of manufactured fine aggregate will generally require more
a. mixing water c. coarse aggregate
b. fine aggregate d. both a and b.

120. The two (2) major components of concrete are


a. paste and mineral aggregates c. water and coarse aggregates
b. cement and water

121. The coarser the fine aggregate, the higher the fineness modulus
a. yes c. depends on grading test
b. no

122. The more the concrete is exposed, the greater the range of movement is
a. true c. it depends upon the type of cement
b. false

123. The samples of RSB to be submitted for test should be at least


a. 20 cm c. 100 cm
b. 40 cm

124. The efficient compaction, the embankment material should at the time of rolling be
a. dry c. at optimum moisture content
b. wet

125. ________ of steel bar for concrete reinforcement is the maximum quantity that a sample can represent.
a) 15,000 kg c) 5,000 kg
b) 10,000 kg

126. ________ is a asphalt formed by natural process of evaporation.


a) Rock asphalt c) Asphalt cement
b) asphalt emulsion d) Cut-back asphalt

127. Uncrushed aggregates are preferable than crushed aggregates for bituminous mixtures
a. true b. false
c. it depends on the type of bituminous material.

128. The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid asphalt is the
a. flowmeter c. penetrometer
b. viscometer d. pycnometer

129. ________ is preferable for bituminous prime coat.


a) Solid c) blown
b) liquid d) hot asphalt

130. ________ is the test used in determining the amount of asphalt cement in a liquid asphalt.
a) Distillation c) Penetration
b) Extraction d) solubility

131. ________ are usually tested for extraction.


a) Asphalt cement c) Asphalt mixes
b) Cut-back asphalt d) Asphalt emulsion

132. Extraction test is the procedure used for separating


a) the asphalt from water in emulsified asphalt c) asphalt from gasoline solvent
b) asphalt from mineral aggregates d) asphalt from kerosene solvent.

133. ________ indicated the safe working temperature of the asphalt.


a) Distillation c) Flash point
b) Viscosity d) Softening point

134. The optimum asphalt content obtained in a Marshall Stability Test is the average of the asphalt content of the
Maximum stability, maximum density and
a. maximum flow c. 4% air voids
b. maximum air voids d. 45 flow

135. ________ are intergranular void spaces between aggregate particles.


a) VMA c) Permeable voids
b) Air voids

136 . ________ is the best type of asphalt to be used for hot mixes.
a) Asphalt cement c) rapid curing cut-back
b) Emulsified asphalt d) medium curing cut-back

137. The field density of a bituminous pavement shall not be less than ________ of the specific gravity of the
laboratory compacted specimen.
a. 92 % c. 98 %
b. 97 %

138. For ITEM 311 PCC pavement, coarse aggregate shall have a mass percent of wear not exceeding ________
when tested by AASHTO T- 96.
a. 50 % c. 45 %
b. 40 % d. 60 %

139. Plasticity Index for Aggregate Surface Course is


a. not greater than 6 c. 4 to 9
b. not greater than 25 d. 12

140. At least one (1) set of 3 concrete cylinder samples shall be taken from ________ cubic meter of each class of
concrete or fraction thereof, placed each day.
a. 50 c. 100
b. 75 d. 150

141. Fine aggregates used in concrete pavement shall contain not more than ________ percent of material passing
the 0.075mm sieve by washing.
a. 1.5 c. 4
b. 3 d. 1

142. The degree of compaction required for embankment is at least ________ percent of the maximum density as
determined by AASHTO T-90 Method.
a. 100 c. 95
b. 90 d. 85

143. Requirement of PCCP Construction


a. opening to traffic after 14 days the concrete was placed
b. opening to traffic after 28 days the concrete was placed
c. a compressive strength of 25.08 Mpa or more
d. none of the above.

144. Roadway embankment in earth material shall be placed and compacted in horizontal layers not exceeding
________ loose requirement, before the next layer is placed.
a. 150 mm c. 100 mm
b. 200 mm d. 250 mm

145. Steel bars for concrete reinforced is tested for its


a. tensile c. yield
b. compressive d. both a and c.

146. To give Bituminous Concrete Surface Course greater resistance to water, ________ hydrated lime should be
added.
a. 2 - 3 % c. ½ - 1 %
b. 1 ½ - 2 % d. 4 – 5 %

147. In Aggregate Subbase Course, the degree of compaction of each layer shall continue until a field density of at
least ________ percent of the maximum dry density determined in accordance with AASHTO T-180 Method D
has been attained.
a. 100 c. 90
b. 95

148. The maximum percentage wear allowed for Aggregate Subbase Course in a coarse portion retained on a
2.00mm (No. 10) sieve is ________ percent by Los Angeles Abrasion Test determined by AASHTO T-96.
a. 45 c. 40
b. 50 d. 55

149. In manufacture of culvert pipes, the class of concrete used is


a. Class “C” c. Class “A”
b. Class “B” d. Class “P”

150. For Bituminous Concrete Surface Course, if Asphalt cement is used, the percentage based on the weight of
aggregate should be
a. 3 to 5 % c. 6 to 10 %
b. 5 to 8 % d. 4.5 to 8 %

151. Coarse aggregate for Crushed stone Aggregate Surface Course should have a mass percent of not more than
________ of the particle retained on the 4.75mm (No.4) sieve and shall have at least one (1) fractured face.
a. 40 % c. 60 %
b. 45 % d. 50 %

152. Before placing the asphalt pavement, the gravel base course should be
a. seal coated c. prime coated
b. tack coated

153. Prestressed Concrete structures uses concrete of class


a. A c. C
b. B d. P

154. An aggregate base course of 21,600m3 will require ________ quality tests.
a. 14 c. 72
b. 15 d. 40

155. An embankment to be constructed to a height of 600mm will have a minimum number of ________ layers.
a. 4 c. 3
b. 5 d. 6

156. Aggregate base course with a volume of 112,000 m3 will have a minimum number of quality tests.
a. 74 c. 56
b. 75 d. 62

157. A portland cement concrete pavement, 6.5m wide and 23 cm. thick will be constructed for a total paved area
of 165,000 m3. Angular coarse aggregate will be used. If pavement will be opened to traffic 14 days.
a. how many bags of cement will be required for Class “A” concrete?
Vconcrete = 165000 x 0.23 = 37,950 m3
cement = 37950 x 9.1 = 345,345 bags

b. How many quality tests are required for the cement?


QT of cement = 345,345/2000 = 173

c. How many quality and grading tests each are required for the coarse and fine aggregates?
VFA = 37950 x 0.54 = 20493;
QFA = 20493/1500 = 14;
GFA = 20493/75 = 274

VCA = 37950 x 0.68 = 25886;


QCA = 25806/1500 = 18;
GCA = 25806/75 = 345

d. How many sets of concrete beam samples will be required?


37950/75 = 506 sets

158. Per our present Specifications for Highways and Bridges, including amendments, it is mandatory to open PCCP
to traffic not later than
a. 14 days after pouring c. 7 days after pouring
b. 21 days after pouring d. 28 days after pouring

159. For 850 m2 of concrete paved in one day, ________ sets of concrete beam samples should be taken and
tested for strength (thickness of pavement = 0.23 m).
a. 3 c. 1
b. 2

160. For 4050 m3 concrete coarse aggregate, ________ samples should be submitted for quality tests.
a. 6 c. 3
b. 5 d. 4

161. The coarse aggregate of Item 201, Aggregate Base Course shall have a percentage of wear of not more than
________ as determined by Los Angeles Rattler Test.
a. 40 % c. 50 %
b. 45 % d. 60 %

162. The rate of application of emulsified asphalt used as bituminous prime coat is ________ per square meter.
a. 0.5 to 1.0 liter c. 1.5 to 2.0 liter
b. 1.0 to 1.5 liter
163. Steel bars for concrete reinforcement is tested for its ________ properties.
a. tensile c. bending
b. compression d.both a and c

164. For 250 gallons of Red Lead Paint, ________ samples should be submitted for quality test.
a. 1 c. 3
b. 2

165. The number of samples of structural steel (reduced section) required for 38,000 kg. is
a. 1 c. 3
b. 2

166. ________ is the method used in determining the strength of concrete pipes.
a.) Third - point loading c.) three – edge bearing
b.) mid – span loading

167. An aggregate base course of 23750 m3 will require ________ quality tests.
a. 50 c. 16
b. 20

168. The Plasticity Index of aggregate base course should not be greater than
a. 12 c. 10
b. 6 d. 8

169. Concrete Hollow Blocks are tested for its


a. compression c. tensile
b. absorption and dimension d. both a. and b.

170. Item 306 is called


a. Bituminous Surface Treatment c. Bit. Plant Mix (Stockpile Maint. mixture)
b. Bituminous Road Mix Surface Course d. Bituminous Penetration Macadam Pavement

171. In the preparation of an asphalt design mix intended for Item 310, the proportion of bituminous material
(asphalt cement) on the basis of total dry aggregates shall be from:
a. 4 to 8 % c. 5 to 7 %
b. 3 to 5 % d. 5 to 8 %

172. ________ includes general requirements that are applicable to all types of bituminous plant mix surface
courses irrespective of gradation of aggregates or kind and amount of bituminous material.
a. Item 306 c. Item 308
b. Item 307 d. Item 310

173. ________ is the result of asphalt layer instability or granular base or subgrade weakness. The pavement
usually twist out of shape.
a. disintegration c. distortion
b. upheaval d. bleeding

174. ________ is the localized upward displacement if a pavement due to swelling of the subgrade or some
portion of the pavement structure.
a. upheaval c. raveling
b. edge cracking d. depression

175. Item ________ consist of furnishing and placing one or more courses of graded aggregates and one or more
application of bituminous material followed by a seal coat with cover aggregates constructed in a prepare
base.
a. 303 c. 305
b. 304 d. 306

176. An asphalt cement submitted in the laboratory for quality test should always have a corresponding
a. Job mix formula c. Sample card
b. Test report d. Minimum testing requirements
177. If an asphalt pavement will be constructed over an old existing concrete pavement, ________ should be
applied to the pavement.
a. tack coat c. seal coat
b. prime coat d. mortar coat

178. The amount of emulsified asphalt to be added in a Bituminous Plant-Mix Surface Course, Cold Laid (Item 308)
shall be ________ mass percent, total dry aggregate basis:
a. 4 to 8 c. 6 to 10
b. 5 to 10 d. 7 to 12
NOTE: If MC is used the proportion of bituminous material on the basis of total dry aggregate shall be from
4.5 to 7.0 %.

179. _______ test is measure by the distance to which it will elongate before breaking when two (2) ends of a
briquet with specimen are pulled apart at a specified speed and temperature.
a. penetration c. ductility
b. solubility d. viscosity

180. Another name for hot asphalt is ________


a. bituminous asphalt c. emulsified asphalt
b. asphalt cement d. blown asphalt

181. In cutback asphalt, medium curing type is a combination of the following


a. asphalt cement and road oils c. asphalt cement and gasoline
b. asphalt cement and kerosene d. asphalt cement and emulsifier

182. ________ test determines the amount of asphalt present in a bituminous mix
a. distillation c. solubility
b. extraction d. compression

183. The softness and hardness of an asphaltic material can be determined by ________ test.
a. softening point c. penetration
b. loss on heating d. distillation

184. The temperature of bituminous hot mix delivered in the project site should not be less than its ________
temperature.
a. mixing c. molding
b. compaction d. spreading

184. Resistance to deformation of bituminous mixture is measured by ________


a. flow index c. ductility test
b. index of retained strength d. extraction test

185. The apparatus used in determining the grade of asphalt cement is:
a. hydrometer c. petronmeter
b. penetromanometer d. penetrometer

186. In an Immersion-Compression test, molding of specimen is done into ________ layer/s.


a. 1 c. 3
b. 2 d. 4
NOTE: In Marshall Stability, molding of specimen is done into one (1) layer.

187. The actual cementing power in asphalt is called the ________


a. petrolene c. bitumen
b. asphaltene d. resin

188. ________ test indicates the temperature in which an asphalt cement may be heated without the danger of
catching fire. It is used as criterion in eliminating fire hazards.
a. softening point c. laser point
b. flash point d. heating point

189. An asphalt pavement needs sufficient ________ to avoid flushing or bleeding.


a. compaction c. binder
b. air voids d. mineral filler
190. A job – mix formula provides for close control of:
a. asphalt content c. temperature of asphalt, aggregate and mix
b. aggregate gradation d. all of the above

191. The thinnest and most fluid grade of medium curing cutback asphalt is:
a. MC – 800 c. MC – 70
b. MC – 250 d. MC – 30
NOTE: For MC, the higher the grade the thicker

192. The amount of asphalt in a typical asphalt emulsion is:


a. 40 % c. 60 %
b. 50 % d. 70 %
NOTE: After distillation the amount of asphalt (residual) retained should at least 60 %.

193. Another name for joint filler is:


a. asphalt cement c. mineral filler
b. cutback asphalt d. blown asphalt

194. The type of asphaltic material that is usually classified by its viscosity is:
a. liquid asphalt c. rock asphalt
b. blown asphalt d. lake asphalt

195. Item 310, Bituminous Surface Course, Hot Laid provides an air voids between:
a. 3 – 5 % c. 5 – 8 %
b. 5 – 7 % d. 8 – 10 %

196. Emulsified asphalt that has a positive charge particle is usually classified:
a. anionic c. pozzolanic
b. cationic d. ultrasonic

197. The characteristics of a bituminous mix that indicates resistance to disintegration is called:
a. stability c. durability
b. flexibility d. integrity

198. The coarse aggregates used in bituminous mix are those retained at sieve No.
a. 8 c. 30
b. 10 d. 200

199. ________ test compares the compressive strength of dry and wet specimen of bituminous mix
a. marshall stability c. extraction
b. immersion-compression d. bulk specific gravity

200. In item 310, bituminous Surface Course, Hot laid requires 70% minimum index of retained strength (IRS). In
the immersion-compression test, the dry stability is about 900 psi. Based on the data, the wet stability should
be at least ________ psi
a. 270 c. 1286
b. 630 d. 1500
Wet stability
NOTE: IRS = ----------------- X 100
Dry stability

201. A compacted bituminous pavement shall have a minimum density of equal to or greater than
a. 85 % c. 97 %
b. 90 % d. 100 %

202. The rate of application of emulsified asphalt used as tack coat, should be within the range of ________ liter/
m2
a. 0.2 – 0.5 c. 0.15 – 0.7
b. 0.2 – 0.7 d. 1.0 – 2.0

203. The type of asphaltic material that is being referred to by penetration grade is:
a. emulsified asphalt c. asphalt cement
b. cutback asphalt d. mastic asphalt
204. The optimum asphalt content obtained in a marshall stability test is the average of the asphalt content of
maximum stability, maximum density and
a. minimum flow index c. 4 % or designed air voids
b. maximum VMA d. maximum VFA

205. The service performance of an asphalt pavement is greatly influenced by:


a. grade of asphalt c. a and b
b. quantity of asphalt d. none of the above

206. In bituminous mixture, aggregates account for 92 % to 95 % of the weight of the mixture, while asphalt ( the
binder of the aggregates ) accounts for ________
a. 3 – 5 % c. 5 – 10 %
b. 5 – 8 % d. 7 – 10 %

207. In asphalt pavement, prior to acceptance, a sample of full depth, 150mm x 150mm or 100mm diameter shall
be taken by a saw or core drill for ________ test
a. thickness determination c. stability
b. density d. a and b

208. In an asphalt pavement construction, after spreading bituminous mix, compaction will follow where rolling
shall begin at the sides and proceed longitudinally parallel toward the road centerline, each trip overlapping
________ of the roller width, gradually rogressing to the crown of the road
a. ½ c. 1 ½
b. 1 d. 2.0

209. The control of temperature during the mixing and compaction is of great significance in the ________ of the
resulting pavement
a. strength c. flexibility
b. skid resistance d. all of the above

210. Based on the minimum testing requirements for Item 309, Bituminous Plant Mix, General, one quality test for
asphaltic material requires for every ________ tonnes or fraction thereof.
a. 40 c. 60
b. 50 d. 70

211. The test in emulsified asphalt which determines the resistance of the emulsion to break when mixed with
mineral aggregates
a. solubility c. cement mixing
b. sieve test d. storage stability

212. What Item in the DPWH standards and specification is Bituminous Tack Coat?
a. 301 c. 303
b. 302 d. 304

213. In identifying project location intended for asphalt pavement, which of the following criteria is not
appropriate to recommend?
a. drainage facilities is well-maintained c. existing base course is stable
b. location is not a typhoon belt area d. flood-prone section

214. An asphalt cement can be a good bituminous binder material for Item:
a. 301 c. 308
b. 302 d. 310

215. Which of the following bituminous material is best recommended for sealing weakened plane and
construction joints of the PCCP.
a. asphalt cement c. cutback asphalt
b. emulsified asphalt d. joint filler asphalt

216. The primary quality control mechanism for the production of asphalt mixtures which will have a high degree
of uniformity that will satisfy job requirements is called:
a. marshall stability test c. immersion – compression stability test
b. job mix formula d. a and b

217. When a completed asphalt pavement exhibits too much voids, it is usually caused by the following except of:
a. rolling the mixture below the temperature requirements
b. too much coarse aggregates
c. too little binder
d. too much fine aggregates

218. Test results from specimen taken from a recently rolled asphalt pavement showed that its total asphalt
content is 5.45 % by weight of mix. If the asphalt absorbed by the aggregate is 0.95 %, the effective asphalt
content by weight of mix is:
a. 4.8 % c. 5.10 %
b. 4.552 % d. 5.50 %
NOTE:
Pba
Pbe = Pb - ------- x Ps
100
Pbe = effective asphalt content, % by total wt of mix
Pba = absorbed asphalt, % by wt of aggregate
Pb = asphalt content, % by total wt of mix
Ps = aggregate content, % by total wt of mix

219. An asphalt mix prepared in the laboratory used 30 %, 50 %, 20 % by weight of coarse aggregate (CA), fine
aggregate (FA) and mineral filler (MF), respectively. If the specific gravity of CA, FA, and MF are 2.50, 2.65 and
2.50, respectively, the overall specific gravity of composite aggregates is:
a. 2.58 c. 2.66
b. 2.45 d. 2.77
30 + 50 + 20
SG oa = ---------------------------------
30/2.5 + 50/2.65 + 20/2.5

220. If 95 % of the aggregates in question no. 219 is mixed with 5 % asphalt by weight of mix, the specific gravity
of the mix (if it is voidless) is ________. (specific gravity of asphalt is 1.01)
a. 2.45 c. 2.39
b. 2.23 d. 2.18
100
Gmm = Gmb = -------------------------
(voidless) 95/2.58 + 5/1.01

Gmm – max. theoretical sp.gr. of the mix


Gmb – bulk sp.gr. of the compacted mix

221. If the bituminous mix in No. 220 has a 5 % air voids, the bulk specific gravity (Gmb) can be computed as:
a. 2.51 c. 2.39
b. 2.27 d. 2.41
Gmm - Gmb
% Air Voids = ----------------- x 100
Gmm

2.39 - Gmb
5/100 = ------------------
2.39

222. If the dry stability of a bituminous mix is 3,950 lbs. and its wet stability is 2,830 lbs., the Index of Retained
Strength (IRS) is:
a. 50.20 % c. 73.20 %
b. 71.60 % d. 61.10 %
Wet Stability
IRS = ----------------- x 100
Dry Stability

223. The voids in the mineral aggregate (VMA) is:


a. the sum of the air voids and the volume of the mix
b. the difference between the volume of the mix and the volume of aggregate
c. the sum of the air voids and volume of aggregate
d. the difference between the volume of mix and volume of asphalt
224. The distance travelled by a standard penetration needle on a prepared sample of asphalt cement under
condition for normal penetration is 9.0 mm (the penetration scale has 1/10 mm calibration). Asphalt cement
is classified as ________ penetration grade.
a. 60 – 70 c. 120 – 150
b. 85 – 100 d. 200 - 300