Sie sind auf Seite 1von 110

ZXG10-BTS(V1A)

Base Transceiver Station

Operation Manual

ZTE CORPORATION
ZXG10-BTS (V1A)
Operation Manual

Copyright © 2003 ZTE Corporation Shenzhen P. R. China


All rights reserved.

No part of this documentation may be excerpted, reproduced, translated, annotated or


duplicated, in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of ZTE
Corporation.

ZTE CORPORATION

ZTE Plaza, Keji Road South, Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen, P. R. China

Website: http://www.zte.com.cn

Post code: 518057

Customer Support Center: (+86755) 26770800 800-830-1118

Fax: (+86755) 26770801

E-mail: 800@zte.com.cn

* * * *

First Edition February 2003

S.N.: sjzl2002950
Preface

The ZXG10, a GSM mobile communication system independently developed by ZTE Corporation, is
mainly composed of the ZXG10-MSS switching subsystem and the ZXG10-BSS base station subsystem.
The ZXG10-BSS base station sub-system is in charge of radio resources management and wireless
transmitting/receiving function, including the equipment of ZXG10-BSC and ZXG10-BTS. The normal
and reliable running of the ZXG10-BSS base station sub-system depends on the correct operation, it is very
important for the operators familiar with all the corresponding operation.

ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Base transceiver station operation manual mainly describes the local O&M system
LMT of ZXG10-BTS (V1A), includes functions of each functional modules. For the convenience of the
user, large number of manus and interfaces are introduced in. The local O&M system LMT of ZXG10-
BTS(V1A) provides two kinds of functions: base transceiver station configuration and debugging during
station opening period; monitor and detection base transceiver station during system normal operation.

To make it simple, the ZXG10-BTS (V1A) base transceiver station in this manual is abbreviated as
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) or BTS (V1A) or BTS; ZXG10-BTS (V1A) base transceiver local O&M terminal
LMT is abbreviated as local O&M terminal LMT or LMT; ZXG10-BSS(V1A) base subsystem is
abbreviated as ZXG10-BSS(V1A) or BSS; ZXG10-BSC(V1A) base station controller is abbreviated as
ZXG10-BSC(V1A) or BSC (V1A) or BSC.

This manual includes seven chapters: Chapter 1 introduces the general concept of BTS(V1A) O&M unit
(OMU), base subsystem O&M center (OMCR) and BTS(V1A) local O&M terminal (LMT) in brief, it also
describes the module division and software structure of LMT. Chapter 2 elaborates the running
environment and installation of LMT. Chapter 3 presents the start up of LMT and the configuration of link
driver software. Chapter 4 introduces the main function of configuration management module of LMT with
the help of screenshots of menus, it mainly includes three parts: equipment management, radio resource
configuration management and data synchronization. Chapter 5 introduces the main functions of alarm
management module. It also includes three parts: alarm examining, status and parameter examining and
software version examining; Chapter 6 introduces the main functions of clock calibration module in LMT.
Chapter 7 elaborates the operations and steps that are commonly used in configuration management, alarm
management and clock calibration management. Appendix has list of all abbreviations mentioned in this
manual.

This set of documents also contains the following manuals:

ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual


ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Base Transceiver Station Installation Manual

ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual

Statement: The actual product may differ from what is described in this manual due to frequent
update of ZTE products and fast development of technologies. Please contact the local ZTE office for
the latest updating information of the product.
Contents

1 Overview.........................................................................................................................................................1

1.1 Overview..............................................................................................................................................1

1.1.1 Operation & maintenance unit (OMU)....................................................................................2

1.1.2 Base station subsystem operation and maintenance center......................................................3

1.1.3 Local management terminal LMT............................................................................................4

1.2 Composition of local operation & maintenance system.....................................................................6

1.2.1 Modules of LMT......................................................................................................................7

1.2.2 Software composition of LMT system.....................................................................................8

2 Installation of O&M system...........................................................................................................................9

2.1 Running environment..........................................................................................................................9

2.2 Installation of O&M system..............................................................................................................10

3 Running of Operation & Maintenance system.............................................................................................15

3.1 Running of LMT system....................................................................................................................15

3.2 Link driver software..........................................................................................................................17

3.2.1 Serial port communication method........................................................................................17

3.2.2 TCP/IP method.......................................................................................................................18

3.2.3 Via BSC method.....................................................................................................................19

4 Configuration Management..........................................................................................................................21

4.1 General...............................................................................................................................................21

4.2 Starting up the configuration management system...........................................................................23

4.3 BTS equipment management............................................................................................................25

4.3.1 Adding new main rack and auxillary racks............................................................................26

4.3.2 Adding and deleting plates.....................................................................................................28

4.4 BTS radio parameter configuration...................................................................................................32

-i-
4.4.1 Adding cells............................................................................................................................33

4.4.2 Adding new transceivers.........................................................................................................34

4.4.3 Channel generator...................................................................................................................36

4.4.4 Setting the parameters of a channel........................................................................................38

4.4.5 Configuration of the carrier frequency of a cell.....................................................................39

4.4.6 Frequency planning................................................................................................................41

4.5 Data synchronization.........................................................................................................................42

4.6 Get from files.....................................................................................................................................44

5 Alarm management.......................................................................................................................................45

5.1 Starting up the alarm management system........................................................................................45

5.2 Alarm information classification.......................................................................................................49

5.3 Alarm inquiry.....................................................................................................................................50

5.3.1 Site alarm inquiry...................................................................................................................51

5.3.2 Alarm display for racks:.........................................................................................................52

5.4 Alarm display when 80W PA is employed........................................................................................53

5.5 Status and parameter inquiry.............................................................................................................54

5.5.1 Site status and attribute inquiry..............................................................................................54

5.5.2 Cell status and attributes inquiry............................................................................................59

5.5.3 TRU status and attributes examining.....................................................................................66

5.5.4 Channel status and attributes examining................................................................................67

5.6 Software version examining..............................................................................................................69

6 Clock Calibration..........................................................................................................................................70

6.1 General...............................................................................................................................................70

6.2 Operation steps..................................................................................................................................71

7 Operation.......................................................................................................................................................73

7.1 General...............................................................................................................................................73

7.2 Create new site...................................................................................................................................74

-ii-
7.2.1 Open configuration management...........................................................................................74

7.2.2 Physical configuration............................................................................................................74

7.2.3 Radio configuration................................................................................................................77

7.3 Modify configuration.........................................................................................................................83

7.3.1 Open configuration management...........................................................................................83

7.3.2 Modify physical configuration...............................................................................................83

7.3.3 Modify radio configuration....................................................................................................83

7.4 Delete configuration..........................................................................................................................85

7.4.1 Open configuration management...........................................................................................85

7.4.2 Modify radio configuration....................................................................................................85

7.4.3 Modify physical configuraition..............................................................................................86

7.4.4 Data synchronization..............................................................................................................86

7.5 Alarm examing...................................................................................................................................87

7.5.1 Open alarm management........................................................................................................87

7.5.2 Site alarm examining..............................................................................................................88

7.5.3 Rack alarm examining............................................................................................................89

7.6 Status examining................................................................................................................................90

7.6.1 Enter alarm management system............................................................................................90

7.6.2 Site status examining..............................................................................................................90

7.6.3 Cell attributes..........................................................................................................................91

7.6.4 TRU attributes........................................................................................................................92

7.6.5 Chennel attributes...................................................................................................................93

7.7 Configuration Examining..................................................................................................................94

7.7.1 Open alarm management........................................................................................................94

7.7.2 Site attributes examining........................................................................................................94

7.7.3 Cell attributes..........................................................................................................................95

7.7.4 TRU Attributes Examining.....................................................................................................96

-iii-
7.7.5 Channel attributes...................................................................................................................96

7.8 Software version information............................................................................................................97

7.9 Clock calibration................................................................................................................................99

Appendix Abbreviation..................................................................................................................................100

-iv-
1 Overview

1.1 Overview
There are two ways to perform operation & maintenance of BTS, as shown in figure 1-
1. One is performed by remote OMCR, through Abis interface between BSC and BTS,
which is the part of whole BSS O&M system. For more details, please see ZXG10-BSS
(V1A) Base station subsystem operation manual. The other is realized by LMT, the
local terminal maintains BTS via LMT through MMI interface of OMU. In this
manual, we will chiefly introduce the local operation and maintenance of BTS.

Abis interface

BTS OMU LMT

OMCR BSC BTS

BTS
Remote O&M station

Figure 1-1 O&M method of BTS

In GSM system, the operation and maintenance center OMC is used for the control and
maintenance of each device in a communication subsystem. Generally, the switching
system and the base station are maintained separately. The local operation &
maintenance is part of the O&M of the base station system, which is done on the
installation site of BTS equipment. All the devices of equipment can be maintained via
a MMI interface which is provided by LMT. To enable the telecom operator to monitor
and control the whole system, the information to be monitored are transmitted via the
O&M system from the monitored equipment to the background maintenance terminal
and displayed to the administrative personnel, also the administrative personnel can
modify the device configuration at the local maintenance terminal. The local operation
and maintenance system is realized by the OMU unit of BTS.

-1-
1.1.1 Operation & maintenance unit (OMU)

OMU is the O&M unit of BTS, which fulfills the control and maintenance functions of
each unit inside BTS. Functionally, OMU mainly implements the remote operation and
maintenance by BSC and the local operation and maintenance. It accepts the O&M
commands from BSC, fulfills the status management, transmission management, radio
interface management, test management and equipment management of each functional
module inside BTS, realizes the remote O&M function from remote BSC to BTS.
Meanwhile, OMU can also be used to operate and maintain other BTSs under the same
BSC via local O&M interface.

OMU primarily performs O&M for the following internal units of BTS:

1. Base station interface equipment (BIE)/Enhanced base station interface


equipment (EBIE) (active/standby boards)

2. Frame unit (FU)

3. Carrier unit (CU)

4. Clock unit (CKU) (active/standby boards)

5. Signal distribute unit (SDU)

6. External alarm unit (EAM)

OMU mainly performs the following control and maintenance functions:

1. Receives and processes the BTS O&M instructions issued by BSC.

2. Performs the corresponding processing for the devices of BTS based on the
O&M instructions issued by BSC.

3. Collects and processes the alarm messages from the devices of BTS and then
reports to BSC.

4. Performs local O&M functions of BTS.

OMU has corresponding interfaces with the frame unit (FU), carrier unit (CU), clock
unit (CKU), base station interface equipment (BIE), external alarm module (EAM) and
signal distribution unit (SDU), which are used for internal protocol processing and
information exchanging. The OMU communicates each module with polling method.

-2-
Chapter 1 Overview

1. OMU communicates with BSC via the 64k TS at Abis interface, the link layer
adopts LAPD protocol.

2. OMU communicates with FU module via HDLC bus with 1Mbit/s bit rate.

3. OMU communicates with the BIE, CKU, EAM and CU module via HDLC bus
with 64kbps bit rate.

4. OMU is maintained at the local site with 9.6kbit/s bit rate.

1.1.2 Base station subsystem operation and maintenance center

Base station subsystem operation and maintenance center OMCR is used to manage
ZXG10-BSS, realizes operation and maintenance of BSS, includes both BSC and BTS,
the main function includes security management, fault management, performance
management and configuration management.

1. Security management

Security management is used to define and control the authentication of the


O&M operator, prevent illegal operation and ensure the user access safety and
service utilization safety, as well as record the operations of O&M system the
information of the executer and execution terminal, provide tools to query such
information so as to track the parameter modification, corresponding operators
and terminals.

2. Fault management

Fault management is used to monitor the overall running status of the BSS
system, help maintenance personnel provide realtime maintenance and
recovery. It can display and synchronize BSS fault, fulfills the BSS diagnosis
and test, so fault can be located and handled to ensure the normal operation of
the BSS system.

3. Performance management

Performance management is realized by performance measurement and service


statistic. By setting a series of measurement tasks, system collects various of
performance indexes data from each network unit to proof the physical and
logical allocation of the network and find potential problem as soon as possible.
The mobile subscriber manager also can treat with traces actived by MSC, by
setting the tracing aim, collecting information from BSC (A interface

-3-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

information, Abis interface information, parts of information from Um


interface) to fulfill the trace task on mobile subscriber or mobile equipment, it
is a effective and practical tools to observe subscriber.

4. Configuration management

Configuration management covers the configurations of physical configuration


and logical configuration of resource and attributes should maintain at
background (CSS7, radio resource, semi-fixed connection, timer, threshold
value, flag, etc.). It could realize software upload, radio resource management,
CSS7 configuration and dynamic data management functions.

1.1.3 Local management terminal LMT

As the local operation and maintenance system of BTS, the main functions of LMT are
as follows:

1. Before the station start working

Simulate the BSC to configure the parameters for BTS.

2. During system debugging

The preliminary installation and debugging of BTS can be implemented by


LMT on site, thus BTS can simulate BSC to perform the initialization process
of BSC to BTS. After the BTS is start up, software and hardware performance
can be tested, such as its peripheral hardware interface. The BTS will not be
connected to the network for operation until the local test meets the
requirements. This facilitates the on-site test and adjustment of BTS.

3. During operation

When system is operation normally, information such as alarm, software


version, status and attribute of MO and configuration of current radio resource
can be inquired from local LMT.

If any unrecoverable failure occurs in BTS (e.g., the physical link between BSC
and BTS is damaged), the LMT system needs to be used to implement local
operation and maintenance for BTS. In this case, the LMT system should have
functions like configuration management, attribute or status, alarm query, etc,
and then debugging the BTS system. After the BTS becomes normal, reconnect
to the system, and the BSC will cancel the modification made by LMT, to

-4-
Chapter 1 Overview

ensure the consistency of the data in the BSC background configuration


database. LMT acquires the BTS configuration information so the users can
always obtain the latest data configuration.

4. In case of Abis link interrupted

(1) Allow LMT initialize the BTS parameter by local database, such as: base
station transceiver attribute, radio frequency attribute, channel attribute and
board selection.

(2) Allow LMT schedule the management, operation and valid status query of
O&M modules of BTS by local database, as while as alarm inquiry of each
board.

(3) Could set and adjust the BTS parameter by local database during normal
operation.

5. In case of Abis link and OMU in normal condition

(1) Allow LMT schedule the operation and query the valid status of BTS modules
by local database.

(2) LMT acquires the alarm information of each board and module by local
database.

(3) Allow LMT inquiry the setted parameter of BTS site by local database, such as
attributes of base transceiver station, radio frequency and channel. 0

-5-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

1.2 Composition of local operation & maintenance system


Local operation & maintenance system of BTS can be divided into three parts: local
O&M terminal LMT, MMI interface and foreground O&M agent LM. LMT and LM
are connected via MMI interface. Here, all these three parts are called LMT system.

The composition of LMT system is shown in figure 1-2.

M
O
MMI
LM Interface L OM M
T M U O

¡
Local O&M
Terminal M
O
SITE

Figure 1-2 Composition of LMT system

LM module is mainly used to support LMT to perform the operation and maintenance
of BTS, including processing the communication flow between LMT and BTS on the
MMI interface, processing the internal communication flow between LM module and
MOs inside BTS, monitoring the hardware modules inside BTS, and collecting the
alarm messages and status change messages of circuit boards, which are reported to
LMT.

LMT is the local O&M module of BTS. Just like BSC, LMT collects the status and
alarm of BTS via OMU, and performs configuration management of BTS when the
BSC and BTS are not connected. Physically, it belongs to PC, and it composes the
O&M terminal together with the operation system of PC.

MMI interface performs such functions as establish links between LMT and LM, , link
holding, transmission control and packing/unpacking of packets, etc.

-6-
Chapter 1 Overview

1.2.1 Modules of LMT

According to the major functions of LMT, the system can be divided into the following
modules: system configuration management, status examining and alarm management,
and CKU calibration module. Each module and its foreground peer communication
module are designed with management/agent mode.

1. Configuration management

The configuration management of LMT system includes three parts: equipment


management, radio resource configuration management and data
synchronization. Equipment management is realized by add main/auxillary
racks and add/delete boards; radio resource configuration management is
performed by add cells, add TRXs and modify parameters inside; data
synchronization is realized by synchronize the modified parameter list in local
database to foreground database, so as to avoid global data synchronization and
the efficiency can be enhanced.

2. Status examining and alarm management

Status view and alarm management includes three parts: alarm view, status and
parameter query and software version query. Alarm view shows the current
alarm information; status and parameter view shows the current status and
configured parameter of the site, cell, transceiver and channel; software version
query shows the software version current used

3. CKU calibration

CKU calibration principle: fulfill the calibration by communication with CKU


by LMT software, and saved in CKU so can be used in free oscillation. To
fulfill CKU calibration need three parts of software work together, includes:
LMT software runs on PC on background; foreground agent runs on OMU
plates, as the communication bridge between PC and CKU; calibration program
runs on CKU, used for receive calibration instruction from LMT and do
corresponding action.

-7-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

1.2.2 Software composition of LMT system

The software of LMT system is composed of three parts: background O&M software,
foreground/background communication software, and foreground O&M agent
software. In which, the background O&M software and communication software are
installed in a PC or laptop. The foreground O&M agent software and foreground
communication software are included in OMU software.

The foreground O&M agent software is physically located on OMU board, and is used
to support the background for the operation and maintenance of BTS. Its major
functions includes:

1. Process the communication flow between background at MMI interface and


BTS.

2. Process the internal communication flow between OMU and MOs inside BTS.

3. Monitor the hardware modules inside BTS, collect the alarm messages from
circuit boards and then report to the background. The background processes and
displays these messages.

The communication software includes foreground software and background software,


which respectively belong to OMU and PC physically. It mainly fulfills functions like
establish links between LMT and LM, link holding, transmission control and message
packing/unpacking.

The background O&M software belongs to PC physically, and it constitutes the O&M
terminal together with the operating system of the PC. It provides friendly man-
machine interface, convenient for the operator to monitor and administrate the BTS.
The software interface employs Windows style.

-8-
2 Installation of O&M system

2.1 Running environment


1. Hardware environment

(1) A PC computer or laptop with network card or serial port.

(2) BTS rack whose OMU works normally.

(3) RS232 serial port line, RJ45 network cable or OMCR remote client.

2. Software environment

(1) OMU board software, communication software and other support software are
installed properly in OMU.

(2) There is WIN98 or WINNT operation system inside PC.

-9-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

2.2 Installation of O&M system


The installation of LMT system has a installation guide interface.

1. Insert the LMT system installation disk into the disk drive of PC, and run the
Setup command under the WIN98 or WINNT, then we can see the LMT
installation guide interface, as figure 2-1 shows.

During installation, press Cancel button could cancel the installation anytime.

Figure 2-1 LMT installation guide (1)

-10-
Chapter 2 Installation of O&M system

2. Press “Browse” to popup a dialog for LMT system installation directory


selection, then press button to the next installation interface, as figure 2-2
shows.

Figure 2-2 LMT installation guide (2)

-11-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

3. Input the LMT program’s name which is shown in startup menu, press NEXT
button to enter into the next installation interface, as figure 2-3 shows. The user
information such as Name and Company are get from system information of
the computer.

Figure 2-3 LMT installation guide (3)

-12-
Chapter 2 Installation of O&M system

4. Figure 2-3 shows the installation configuration set in previous step. Press the
“Back” button to return to the previous windows to modify setting. Press the
“Next” button to confirm and start the system installation, as figure 2-4 shows.

Figure 2-4 LMT installation progress

-13-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

5. After the installation finished, the system will show a window link figure 2-5.

Figure 2-5 LMT installation finished

6. Press “Finish” to finish the installation of LMT system.

-14-
3 Running of Operation & Maintenance
system

3.1 Running of LMT system


1. Select “Start→Program→Lmtsetup→LmtAll” at Windows start menu, start
LMT main menu, the start up waiting figure is as figure 3-1 shows.

Figure 3-1 Startup waiting

2. The icon of the link drive software LMCommNT will appear at the right-
down side of the screen. Click the icon to configure the connection method of
LMT network. As shown in figure 3-2, there are three types of connection
mode: serial port, TCP/IP and communication via BSC. The configuration of
network connection should be consistency with the physical connection
method. The configuration steps will be detailed in chapter 3.2.

Figure 3-2 Network connection method configuration

(1) Serial port: When serial cable is used to connect OMU and PC.

(2) TCP/IP: When RJ45 network cable of LAN is used to connect OMU and PC.

(3) Via BSC: Remote operation and maintenance for the sites belongs to BSC. The
user should install the LMT on the same PC installed with OMCR on-site, then,
specify the module, the BSC and the connected site. If the link is in normal
condition, we can do remote operation and maintenance at equipment room.

-15-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

3. After the network connected, LMT will show the different menu according to
the different foreground BTS version, as figure 3-3 shows.

Figure 3-3 Main menu of LMT

The description of icons in figure 3-3 is as follows:

(1) :Alarm management

(2) :Configuration management

(3) :Print management, used for debugging

(4) :CKU calibration

(5) :Test management, used for debugging

(6) :Software upload, used for debugging

(7) :Message trace, used for debugging

(8) :Variable query, used for debugging

(9) :Main menu in pull-down style

Configuration management, alarm management and CKU calibration are the main
functions of LMT, they will be elaborate in chapter 4,5 and 6.

-16-
Chapter 3 Running of operation & maintenance system

3.2 Link driver software


LMCommNT is the link driver software of BTS LMT, it provides a link-oriented and
available data channel to the whole site O&M via PC. Now LMCommNT supports
serial port, TCP/IP and via BSC three kinds of access method. The configuration
interface of LMCommNT is shown in figure 3-2.

3.2.1 Serial port communication method


As the default communication method for LMCommNT, the physical connection
method is: use RS232 special serial cable to connect the RS232 interface on OMU
panel and RS232 interface on PC.

The LMCommNT will attempt to communicate with site via serial port on PC on
startup, click the icon of LMCommNT will see the selected mark on “serial port”,
as shown in figure 3-2.

When serial port communication method is used, some simple configuration should be
done in the configuration file LMPortCfg.ini. LMPortCfg.ini locates in the same
directory which has LMCommNT.exe, here, we should specify which port of PC is
used as communication port. The default port is Port2, as figure 3-4 shows. If user want
use Port 1 as the communication port, simply change “COM Port=2” to “COM
Port=1”.

Figure 3-4 Configuration file LMPortCfg.ini

-17-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

3.2.2 TCP/IP method

TCP/IP method allows the users use network cable communicates with the BTS. The
physical connection method is: Connect the RJ45 port on OMU panel and RJ45 port on
PC by RJJ45 point-to-point network cable or LAN.

Click the LMCommNT icon , choose TCP/IP as the communication method from
the popup menu. Here, we can see the selected mark before TCP/IP item, as figure 3-5
shows.

Figure 3-5 TCP/IP communication method

If TCP/IP is selected, a dialog as figure 3-6 shows will popup.

Figure 3-6 Access method selection

1. Input IP address

Press this button to enter the IP address of the board to be connected. If the
network works normal and IP address is correct, network communication will
be established after click “OK”. Press “Cancel” to cancel the input.

Figure 3-7 Input board IP address

-18-
Chapter 3 Running of operation & maintenance system

2. Configuration file IP

If the IP address of the board to be connected is already know, we also can use
the IP configuration network access method. First, we should enter the IP
address of the board in LMPortCfg.ini file, as figure 3-4 shows, make change at
BoardIP= “138.1.99.88”, then the program will use the given IP address to
communicate with foreground.

3. Point-to-point method

If point-to-point network cable is used, we can use this method to communicate


with the foreground board without known the board IP address, specially
suitable for on-side condition.

3.2.3 Via BSC method

For the serial port communicates method and TCP/IP method are use serial cable and
network cable respectively, these two methods are only suitable for short distance
operation and maintenance.

Communicates via BSC provides a long distance operation and maintenance solution
for BSC to the SITE belongs to it. To use it, the user only need to install LMT on the
same PC installed with OMCR (the IP address of this PC should be consistency with
the TEST SVR IP address configured by BSC), decide the module, the BSC and the
connected SITE. If the link is in normal condition, user can do remote operation and
maintenance on a controllable SITE in equipment room.

Click the LMCommNT icon , select Via BSC from the popup menu. Here, we can
see the selected mark before Via BSC selection, as figure 3-8 shows.

Figure 3-8 Via BSC method

After user select Via BSC, a dialog like figure 3-9 will popup. If the version of BSC
and BTS all support LMT Via BSC method and no other exception, click “OK” will
establish a connection to the specified SITE, and we can do operation and maintenance
via LMT.

-19-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 3-9 Parameter configuration

The descriptions of items in figure 3-9 are as follows:

1. BSC Type

The type of the BSC to be connected, there are two types: 0 (BSC(V1)) or 1
(BSC (V2)).

2. BSC Module

Access from which BSC module, for BSC(V1A), it is the BSC NO, for
BSC(V2), it is the external module of the SITE to be connected.

3. BTS SITE

The logical SITE number to be connected specified by BTS SITE.

4. Target

Specify the target board number. The board allowed access now includes SCU,
CMM and OMU. For SCU and OMU, enter “0” here. For CMM, enter “1” for
main rack, “2” for auxillary rack1 and “3” for auxillary rack2.

-20-
4 Configuration Management

4.1 General
The configuration management of LMT system is classified into three parts:
Equipment management, radio resource configuration management and data
synchronization. The equipment management is implemented by adding new
master/slave racks and adding/removing boards. The radio resource configuration
management is implemented by adding new cells, adding new transceivers and
modifying their parameters. Data synchronization is initiated to synchronize the
changed parameter table of the background database to the foreground database, so as
to avoid synchronizing all the data in each time, hence improving the efficiency.

The operation and maintenance data of OMU for each BTS module are mainly
delivered by BSC via the layer 3 flow of the Abis interface, therefore, the OMU
database servers the function of accessing the various data delivered by BSC. The LMT
operation and maintenance terminal enables the maintenance personnel to inquire the
current resources configuration and parameters setting of each site from the OMU
database and to configure resources and modify parameters in any circumstance.

As the agent of the BSC, OMU manage the MO on BTS. The DBS of OMU is mainly
used to save the important information of BTS MO. The database synchronization is to
keep the consistency of the LMT local database and foreground database, so users can
inquiry and configure the BTS MO from LMT.

The parameter configuration is to simulate BSC to configure the physical parameters


and radio parameters for BTS. The local database module provides the interface
function to modify the parameter configuration data. When the data have been
configured correctly, data synchronization is performed to transfer the configured
parameters to the foreground database, and display the percent of the synchronization
on the background interface. The configuration of local O&M parameter is only
allowed when the communication between BSC and BTS is interrupted. After the
communication between BSC and BTS resumed, the parameter configuration of local
O&M will be disabled. To avoid read and write on local database happened at same
time, the parameter configuration of LMT could not be performed at the same time

-21-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

with LMT alarm, status and parameter configuration inquiry. In this version, the LAPD
link should be disconnected during parameter configuration. So by periodically polling
the variation of data, the background could obtains the connection status of the LAPD
link, which is displayed on the interface. If the LAPD link is connected during
parameter configuration, the system will notify user to exit.

-22-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

4.2 Starting up the configuration management system


Starting the LMT configuration management system by click the shortcut button
on LMT main menu (figure 3-3) , as shown in the following figure 4-1.

Figure 4-1 Interface for starting up the configuration management

Enter the main interface for configuring the local O&M parameters of BTS, as shown
in Fig. 4-2.

-23-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 4-2 O&M parameter configuration interface

The tree-type structure on the left side of the interface displays the operating items for
BTS equipment management and BTS parameter configuration. The status bar on the
bottom of the interface displays the availability of the current local database,
SITE_ON_LINE and LAPD line condition, etc.

The pull down menu of the configuration management interface is shown in figure 4-3
and figure 4-4. Other commonly used functions are designed in right-mouse click
menu, which will be elaborated in following chapter.

Figure 4-3 Pull-down menu of configuration management interface (1)

-24-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

Figure 4-4 Pull-down menu of the configuration management interface (2)

4.3 BTS equipment management


The equipment management is implemented first in the main interface (figure 4-2) by
adding new racks and adding/deleting plates, and the newly added rack includes the
rack type and number of racks. Next, perform plate operation: add or delete plates. The
configuration interface adopts tree-type structure, all operations can be performed by
mouse.

4.3.1 Adding new main rack and auxillary racks

First, click “ZTE Ltd” in figure 4-2 to expand into two nodes, then click BTS
equipment management with the right mouse key, and select “Add rack” in the pop up
menu (figure 4-5).

-25-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 4-5 BTS equipment management interface

In the dialog like figure 4-6, choose the “BTS type” in the popup window, namely:
inside rack or outside rack, and then choose the “BTS No” (figure 4-7), and click
“OK”.

Figure 4-6 Select BTS types

-26-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

Figure 4-7 Select Rack No

Generally, BTS main rack and auxillary rack is configured according to the practical
requirements. The local operation and maintenance are conducted with a SITE as the
unit, one SITE can maintain at most 4 BTS racks, including one main rack and three
auxillary racks. After adding main rack, choose “BTS equipment configuration” in
configuration tree, select “Add rack” by click the right key of the mouse, as figure 4-5
shows. Users can add at most three auxiliary racks. Figure 4-8 shows the rack structure
after adding main rack.

Figure 4-8 Adding new rack

-27-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

4.3.2 Adding and deleting plates

Select “Main rack” in the configuration tree. The right part of the diagram illustrates an
empty rack. Frame1, 2 and 3 are carrier frequency frames, as figure 4-9 shows.

Figure 4-9 Diagram of carrier frequency frame

The corresponding names of the plates are:


HYM — Hydrid combiner

PA — Power amplifier

TRU — Transceiver unit

PSB — Power supply of carrier frequency frame

MUL — Multi-coupler

-28-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

Frame 4 is the common frame.

Figure 4-10 Common frame

The names of the corresponding boards are:

PSA — Power supply of common frame

OMU — Operation and maintenance unit (active/standby)


BIE — Base station interface equipment (active/standby)

CKU — Clock unit (active/standby)

SDU — Signal distribute unit

EAM — External alarm module

CKD — Clock drive board (not configured presently)

The boards in the common frame, click each board in the empty rack diagram with the
right mouse key, and select “Add plate”. Then the plate will be configured to the rack
diagram. Or select “Plate operation” from the toolbar, the cursor will show itself as a
“+” symbol, and you can fulfill the operation for adding a plate just by clicking the
plate to be added. Notes: to add plates to the carrier frequency frame, follow the above
operation, and first configure HYM and MUL, then add TRU.

-29-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 4-11 Interface for adding plates

When adding a new TRU plate, a dialog box showing the details of the plate will pop
up, as shown in the figure 4-12.

Figure 4-12 Adding new TRU board (1)

As figure 4-13 shows, select HYM and MUL allocation, click “OK” button to complete
the configuration of TRU.

-30-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

Figure 4-13 Adding new TRU board (2)

The operation of delete plate is similar to the operation of adding plates. Click the plate
to be deleted with right mouse key, select “Delete plate” from the popup menu, then the
plate is deleted from rack diagram immediately. Or select the “Plate operation” from
the toolbar, move the cursor to the plate to be deleted, click when the cursor change to
“-” to fulfill the deletion.

Description: When add plate, click the position of plate by the right key of the mouse
to popup “Add plate” menu; select the “Plate operation” on toolbar and move the
cursor to the plate haven’t been configured, cursor will change to “+”. When delete
plate, click the position of plate by the right key of the mouse to popup “Delete plate”
menu; select the “Plate operation” on toolbar and move the cursor to the plate to be
deleted, cursor will changed to “-”

The method for adding and deleting plates on auxillary rack are as the same as the
operation on main rack.

-31-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

4.4 BTS radio parameter configuration


The radio configuration of local operation and maintenance refers to providing the
local maintenance personnel with the man-machine interface for radio resource
configuration, and synchronizing the information of the maintenance personnel to the
foreground database.

The first step to configure the radio resource is to add new cells. In each station, only a
maximum of three cells are allowed. Some important parameters of the cell are
settable, while other parameters can only be viewed by the user, and can not be
modified. Default options are provided in parameter setting. The second step is to add
new transceivers. TRXs in the physical configuration of plates are listed thereinto to let
the user select TRXs for different cells. There are a variety of parameters to be set for
TRX, such as Fu, CU. The third step is to create the combination mode of the 8 TS
channels. The channel combination is directly created by the channel creator. The forth
step is to set the carrier frequency, including the selection of the absolute channel No.
of BCCH within the cell and the frequency of other TRX. The fifth step is frequency
planning which mainly refers to the planning of frequency in no frequency hopping and
RF hopping.

To perform radio parameter configuration, select “Site Attribute Management” in the


configuration tree, as figure 4-14 shows.

Figure 4-14 BTS attribute management

-32-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

4.4.1 Adding cells


Select “Site Attributes management” in the configuration tree, click the right mouse
key, and select “add cell” in the popup menu (figure 4-15). Currently, one site can drive
a maximum of 4 BTSs, namely 24 TRUs and 3 cells. In case of the system is
configured with only one cell, 1~24 TRUs could be allocated to this cell. In case of two
or three cells are configured, the total amount of the allocated TRUs should ≤24.

Figure 4-15 Adding new cell

In Set site attributes dialog, two modes are available for selecting the synchronization
source of the CKU module as shown in figure 4-16.

Figure 4-16 Set site attribute

-33-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

4.4.2 Adding new transceivers


Add a transceiver to the specified cell. Select a certain cell in the configuration tree,
e.g., “cell 1”, then click the right mouse key and select “add TRX” from the pop-up
menu, as shown in the follow figure.

Figure 4-17 Cell parameters setting

The pop-up windows is as the following figure.

Figure 4-18 Configuring the parameter of transceiver

-34-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

The configured parameters of the transceiver is shown in figure 4-18. Includes rack No,
panel No, HYM No and MUL no. Click “OK” to finish the configuration. In figure 4-
19, the first transceiver of cell1 is generally configured to the BCCH carrier frequency.
For TRU[A,B,C], A represents the rack No, B represents the frame No and C represents
the panel No.

Figure 4-19 The parameter configuration interface of TRU

-35-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

4.4.3 Channel generator

Among all the existing transceivers, user must specify one transceiver as the BCCH
TRX, it could be modified, but the channel combination, carrier setting and frequency
planning in the cell should be re-set also, otherwise, errors may occur. Each transceiver
has 8 channels. Select “Channel generator” from the popup menu as figure 4-17 shows
to open the channel generator window.

Figure 4-20 Channel generator window

The channel parameter configuration includes:

1. Channel combination

00 TCH/F+FACCH/F+SACCH/TF Full rate service channel


01 TCH/H+FACCH/H+SACCH/TH Halfrate service channel
02 TCH/H+FACCH/H+SACCH/TH+TCH/H Service channel of halfrate 1
03 SDCCH+SACCH Slow-rate dedicated service channel
04 FCCH+SCH+BCCH+CCCH Main broadcast service channel
05 FCCH+SCH+BCCH+CCCH+SDCCH+SACCH Combined broadcst service channel
06 BCCH+CCCH Broadcast channel
07 FCCH+SCH+BCCH+CCCH+SDCCH+SACCH+ Cell broadcase channel
CBCH

-36-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

08 SDCCH+SACCH+CBCH Slow-rate dedicated control channel

-37-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

2. CCCH Structure

There are five CCCH configuration modes, as shown in the figure 4-20. In
which, when CCCH uses a physical channel and shares it with SDCCH, the
channel capacity of CCCH is the least. When CCCH uses a physical channel
and does not share it with SDCCH, the channel capacity of CCCH is relatively
small. In other cases, the more physical channels the CCCH uses, the larger the
capacity is. The configuration of this parameter is determined by the service
carrier based on the traffic model of the cell. In practice, if there are one or two
TRXs in the cell, it is recommended for the configuration of CCCH to use one
basic physical channel and share it with SDCCH. If the number of TRXs is 3 or
4, it is recommended for the configuration of CCCH to use one basic physical
channel and not to share it with SDCCH.

3. Number of SDCCH channels

It is directly selected by the user. As a matter of convenience, the given range is


0 to 4.

4. Number of TCH channels

Since the control channel is assigned strictly to time slot 0 of the BCCH carrier
frequency configured in the cell, the maximum number of TCH channels is 7
when there is only one TRX, i.e., assigned to time slots 1--7. When there are 2
TRXs, the maximum number of TCH channels is 15. The rest can be deduced
from this.

5. Number of TRXs in the cell

It refers to the number of already configured TRXs within the specified cell
(BTS), which is consistent with that indicated in the configuration tree on the
left. Each TRX can handle 8 channels, with each channel corresponding to a
time slot.

Click “Application” button to list out the transceiver No., channel No channel
combination condition of the currently selected cell.

Click “Finish” to create the channel combination mode.

-38-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

4.4.4 Setting the parameters of a channel

Select a certain channel, e.g., “channel 1”, and click the right mouse key, then select
“Set CH Attribute” in the pop-up menu. The pop-up window is shown in the figure 4-
21.

Figure 4-21 Channel parameter configuration

The pop-up window is as shown in the figure 4-22:

Fig.4.22 Setting the parameters of a channel

-39-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

1. HSN (Frequency hopping serial No.)

Range: 0 ~ 6.

2. MAIO (Mobile allocation index offset)

For each communication session, the aggregate of the carrier frequencies used
by the base station and the mobile station is represented by MAIO.

3. TSC (Training serial code)

Range: 1~8. Normally, the TSCs of the channels under same time slot are
identical.

Press “OK” to finish the configuration.

4.4.5 Configuration of the carrier frequency of a cell

Select a certain cell in the configuration tree, and click the right mouse key, then select
“CA set” in the pop-up menu. The pop-up window is as shown in the following figure
4-23 and figure 4-24. For a GSM900M system, the range of absolute channels No. is 1
—124; for a GSM 1800M system, the range of absolute channels No. is 512—885, and
for a GSM 1900M system, the range of absolute channels No. is 512—810. The
selected frequency can be used as the absolute channel No. of BCCH TRX or other
TRXs in the cell.

Figure 4-23 Carrier frequency setting (1)

-40-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

Figure 4-24 Carrier frequency setting (2)

Then allocate frequency points for BCCH, as shown in the following figure 4-25, click
the button points right to allocate this frequency, or click the button points left side to
cancel and re-allocate.

Figure 4-25 Carrier frequency configuration (2)

Click “Else” option to show the absolute channel No. of other TRXs in the cell, as
shown in the figure 4-26.

-41-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 4-26 Carrier frequency setting (4)

Press “OK” to finish the configuration.

4.4.6 Frequency planning


Select “CA Wizard” in the menu of figure 4-17, the pop-up window is shown in figure
4-27. if the selected frequency number in “CA Wizard” is less then the TRX number in
cells, then the pop-up dialog box will indicate that the number of carrier frequencies is
insufficient for making frequency planning. Choose the desired frequency hopping
mode, then click “Apply” and “OK” to finish the configuration.

Figure 4-27 Frequency planning

-42-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

4.5 Data synchronization


OMU is the management agent for BSC manage the MO on BTS, for the convenience
of setting and inquiry, the DBS on OMU mainly save some important information of
the MO. The data synchronization of LMT database is to keep the consistency of the
LMT database and foreground database.

After the data have been correctly configured, and the parameters have been filled in
the local table, synchronization will be initiated by the background database to the
foreground database to transfer the configured parameters to the foreground database.

Click the “Start synchronizing” button on the toolbar or menu to open the parameter
configuration dialog box, as shown in the following figure.

Figure 4-28 Start synchronizing (1)

Configuration table and valid checking should be finished before synchronizing. First,
click “Write” button, the system will automatically complete the configuration table, as
shown in figure 4-29.

Figure 4-29 Start synchronizing (2)

-43-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Then click the “Check” button to perform validity test. If the test passed, a dialog will
be given indicating that the configuration is correct, otherwise, a dialog box of Error
Attributes will be given out, see figure 4-30 for example.

Figure 4-30 Description of error configuration

If the validity test failed, the synchronization operation needs to be performed again
after the incorrect configuration has been modified.

If the validity test is passed, user can start the synchronization, or press the “Save as
file” button to save the existing valid configuration into a *.atr file.

Figure 4-31 Save file

In dialog 4-29, click the “Start” button to start the operation of synchronizing the
configuration data to the foreground, meanwhile, the progress bar on the dialog box

-44-
Chapter 4 Configuration Management

will indicates the progress of the synchronization. After the synchronization is


completed, the system will prompt “parameter configuration successful”.

The timer is working during parameter configuration and the maintenance platform is
monitoring the whole system status in realtime. If link error occurs, background could
detect and report immediately. The link error will not affect parameter configuration,
but data synchronization only can be performed after link resumed.

4.6 Get from files


In addition to setting BTS parameters according to the above description, user can also
make configuration via configuration files.
In the main menu of Figure 4-2, select “Get from file” from toolbar or menu to open
the file open dialog, as figure 4-32 shows.

Figure 4-32 Open file

The configuration file here is normally the file user saved by operations upwards
(figure 4-29, figure 4-31).

Select the proper configuration file, and press “Open”, then the system will
automatically make configuration. After the configuration is completed, synchronize
the data to foreground as described in section 4.5.

-45-
5 Alarm management

5.1 Starting up the alarm management system


Enter the LMT alarm management system by click on figure 3-3. The starting
interface is as figure 5-1 shows.

Figure 5-1 Starting the alarm management interface

Enter the main interface of LMT alarm manager, as shown in figure 5-2.

-46-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

Figure 5-2 LMT status and alarm management window

The status bar on the bottom of the windows indicates the availability of the current
background, SITE_ON_LINE and the connection condition of LAPD link, etc. If any
failure occurs in the link while the system is running, SITE_OFF_LINE will be display
in the status bar. The background database will be updated and synchronized after the
link is reconnected. When synchronization is finished and the local database is normal,
data can be acquired again.

Status view and alarm management includes three parts:

1. Alarm inquiry: inquiry the current alarm information

2. Status inquiry: inquiry the status of site, cell, transceiver and channel.

3. Parameter configuration inquiry: inquiry the current configured parameter of


site, cell, transceiver and channel.

The pull-down menus of status and alarm management windows are shown in figure 5-
3, 5-4, and 5-5. Other common used functions are set in the popup menu, which can be
actived by clicking the right key of the mouse on the node. They will be described later.

-47-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 5-3 Pull-down menu of the alarm management windows (1)

Figure 5-4 Pull-down menu of the alarm management windows (2)

-48-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

Figure 5-5 Pull-down menu of the alarm management windows (3)

-49-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

5.2 Alarm information classification


The alarm can be classified as general notification and alarming according to the
emergency level. General notification indicates unrepeatable of instantaneous troubles
appearing while the system is running. Generally, if a certain type of notification does
not appear frequently, it maybe caused by occasional factors of the environment, and
no transaction is required. Otherwise, if a certain type of notification appears
frequently, or occurs for a long period of time, the maintenance personnel must find out
the reason and solve the problem immediately.

Alarms may last for a certain period of time, which will affect the normal service,
maintainability and reliability of the system. According to their affect, alarms are
divided into four levels, as described in table 5-1.

Table 5-1 Definition of alarm levels

Seriously affected
Seriously affected
Affected service Seriously affected system
Level equipment safety
range system reliability range maintainability
range
range
1 The whole BSS The whole BSS
2 One or more sites BSC or one site The whole BSS The whole BSS
3 One or more One or more BSC or one site BSC or one site
carrier carrier frequencies
frequencies
4 One or more No influence One or more carrier One or more
channels, or no frequencies carrier
influence frequencies
Description: in the definition of alarm levels, the affected range only refers to the influence on a single item, i.e., the level

of a certain alarm can be determined if a certain index such as th reliability and safety reaches the specified range. If an

alarm item has effect on more than one index, the alarm level may be increased.

The description of alarm information classification is detailed in ZXG10-BTS(V1A)


Base transceiver station maintenance manual.

-50-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

5.3 Alarm inquiry


No matter whether the Abis link is connected, LMT system will allow the maintenance
personnel to inquire the alarm status of each plate in the site. The alarm manager
window is shown in figure 5-6.

Figure 5-6 Alarm manager window

-51-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

5.3.1 Site alarm inquiry

Select “BTS Alarm Examining” from the configuration tree (figure 5-6) , the right side
of the figure shows the alarm level, alarm position and alarm contents, as figure 5-7
shows.

Figure 5-7 Alarm inquire window

The plates have alarm inquire:

1. Plates in the public frame: OMU,BIE,CKU,EAM,SDU,CKD and PSA.

2. Plates in the carrier frame: FU,CU,PSB,PA,HYM and MUL.

3. Others: fan, temperature.

-52-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

5.3.2 Alarm display for racks:

Select “main rack” in the configuration tree in figure 5-6, the right side of the window
will show the information of alarm level, alarm position, alarm content, fan condition
and rack temperature, as figure 5-8 shows. If one plate has several alarms, the color of
the board indicates the highest level of the existing alarm. Click the board to show all
alarm information of this board.

Figure 5-8 Alarm information display of the rack

-53-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

5.4 Alarm display when 80W PA is employed


In BTS(V1A), two PAs are paralleled to realize 80W PA transmitting power. Namely:
dividing the TRU power into two parts and adding to the input of two PAs respectively,
then output with the combined 80W power. Practically, a new PEU (Power extension
unit) is installed on TRU position. PEU is adopted to realize the 1-to-2 function, while
HYM is used for 2-to-1 function, it could also be realized by PEU. PEU module is a
non-power apparatus with no plates and no alarm. For the 80W full configuration, each
rack only could be configured with 3 TRU, defaultly, PEU is configured on the position
of the TRU on the left side.

The configuration of the plates with 80W PA is fulfilled by OMCR, the alarm of 80W
PA can be seen from LMT window, as figure 5-9 shows.

Figure 5-9 Alarm examining of 80W PA

-54-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

5.5 Status and parameter inquiry


No matter whether the Abis link is connected, LMT system will allow the maintenance
personnel to inquiry the status of each operation and maintenance module in the SITE.
The queriable status including: Operational State, Availability Status and Management
State.

1. Operation status: Enable, Disable

2. Availability status: Normal, InTest, Failed, PowerOff, OffLine, OffDuty,


Dependency, Degraded, NotInstalled

3. Management status: block, unblocked

5.5.1 Site status and attribute inquiry

Select the “SITE status and attribute examining” from the configuration, radio resource
status will show in the right side of the window. As figure 5-10 shows, the current
status of each unit, operation status and available status are listed in the window.

Figure 5-10 Site status inquiry

-55-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Click the “SITE status and attribute examining” by right key of the mouse, the popup
menu is shown in figure 5-11.

Figure 5-11 Site attribute inquiry

1. Drop table inquiry

Select “Drop table” from the menu upwards, the connected port number
corresponding to EAM, input and output slot No. of PCM is shown as follows.

-56-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

Figure 5-12 Drop table inquiry

2. Site attributes examining

Select “Site attribute examining” from the right key menu, the configuration of
site attribute will show as figure 5-13.

Figure 5-13 Site attribute configuration

-57-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

(1) Time delay parameters of CKU: when the racks of the same SITE are located
at different places, the time delay is controlled according to the distance. The
time delay parameter of CKU shall be set to different values for different BTSs
with different distances to CKU. The value range is: 0~7.

(2) Synchronous source of CKU: determine whether whole network


synchronizations is realized with BSC.

(3) The starting synchronous frame No. from BSC to BTS: configured to CKU in
special occasions, and used to determine the starting point of synchronization.

(4) SITE_ID configured by OMCR: SITE_ID configured by BSC

(5) SITE_ID read by OMU: SITE_ID read from the dip-switch on the backplane of
PUB.

(6) Environment monitoring transmission method: Environment monitoring


transmission method (includes point transmission and transparent channel
transmission method.

-58-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

3. TRU frequency point inquiry

Select “TRU CA” to show the TRU frequency point, as shown in figure 5-14.
The TRU with a small icon represent the BCCH channel is existing in this
TRU.

Figure 5-14 TRU frequency inquiry

-59-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

5.5.2 Cell status and attributes inquiry

Select “cell 1” node from the configuration tree, the right part of the window showing
the current statuses of FU and CU in the cell. Click “Cell1” with right key of the
mouse, the popup menu is shown in figure 5-15. Select “Cell attributes” to popup the
“Cell attributes” window, it includes three pages: Timer, wireless attributes and GPRS
parameters, see figure 5-16, 5-17 and 5-18.

Figure 5-15 Cell attributes inquiry

-60-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

1. Timer

The dialog of timer attributes is shown in figure 5-16.

Figure 5-16 Cell attributes (1)

(1) T200:LAPDm timer, which is used to control SDCCH, FACCH/FULL,


FACCH/HALF, SACCH/SAPIO, SACCH/SDCCH, SDCCH SAPI3,
SACCH/SAPI3 channels. The value range of SDCCH, FACCH/FULL,
FACCH/HALF, SACCH/SAPIO, SACCH/SDCCH, SACCH/SAPI3 is
1 ( ×5ms ) ~200 ( ×5ms ) , the value range of SDCCH SAPI3 is
1 ( ×10ms ) ~200 ( ×10ms ) , and the default values are respectively
1(5ms),1(5ms),1(5ms),2(10ms),2(10ms),1(5ms),2(10ms

(2) T3105: the repetition interval of PHY INFO messages in the course of
handover. It can be divided into SDCCH and TCH. SDCCH is T3105_d, the
default is 280ms; TCH is T3105_f, the default is 100ms.

-61-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

(3) Wireless link fault: the standard to determine whether the radio link on network
side failed, including two types: “Measurement report” and “Radio link
timeout”. “Measurement report” is the receive level threshold of wireless link
<the receive level threshold or receive quality threshold to detect wireless link
error.>

(4) Interfere level boundaries table: 6 boundaries construct 5 interfere bands,


thereinto, boundary 0=0, boundary 5=63 are the fixed value can’t be modified.
Boundaries 1~4 are increased by degree, the value range is between 0~63 (﹣
110dBm ~﹣47dBm ), the default value of boundary 0~5 are 0, 5, 10, 15, 20,
63.

-62-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

2. Wireless attributes

The interface of “wireless attributes” is shown in figure 5-17.

Figure 5-17 Cell attributes (2)

(1) Overload period: The minimal period for BTS send OVERLOAD message (use
51TDMA frame as unit). This parameter is used by BTS, the value range is
from 0s to 100s.

(2) CCCH load Ind period: The minimal period for BTS send CCCH load
instruction message, (use 51TDMA frame as unit). This parameter is used for
BTS, the value range is among 0~255.

(3) Physical information maximal repeat times (NY1): the maximal repeat time of
send physical information during one handover. The parameter is used for BTS,
the value range is between 5~35, the default value is 5.

-63-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

3. GPRS parameter

The parameter configuration dialog of GPRS is as figure 5-18 shows.

Figure 5-18 Cell attributes (3)

(1) Support GPRS or not

Description: identify whether support in GPRS or not.

(2) Support Pccch or not

Description: identify whether support in Pccch or not.

(3) Support SPLIT_PG_CYCLE paging style or not:

Description: the parameter used for MB and FUC. Whether support


“SplitPgCycle” in CCCH is broadcast to MB in PSI13 and SI3 message.
“SplitPgCycle” means “packeting immediately assign”, “packet paging” and
“packeting immediately assign refused”, etc., could send on several BLOCKs.
If SplitPgCycle style is adopted, the period of GPRS is fixed with 64 51-
multiframes, which is different with the changeable paging period in GSM.

-64-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

This fixed period is divided into SplitPgCycle segments, each segment has one
chance for send. This parameter only indicates whether support “SplitPgCycle”
function on CCCH at network side, whether used between MS and network
should be negotiated by both part, it is available only when both network and
MS (use DRX) support this function.

Value: 0(not support) CCCH not support in SPLIT_PG_CYCLE

1(support) CCCH supports SPLIT_PG_CYCLE

Setting: 0(not support)

(4) Buffer overload threshold of 9*64 multi-frames paging message

The 9*64 multi-frames paging message buffer overload threshold is related to


the paging message buffer mechanism of 64 multi-frames paging duration, used
to determine whether the paging message buffer of paging channel is overload.
The determine mechanism is as follows: for the paging message buffer area
corresponding to one paging channel, divide the saved message number with
the maximum storage, then multiplied with 100, if the value is bigger then the
setted threshold here, it is determined as overload.

(5) Paging index buffer overload threshold of 9*64 multi-frames

The overload threshold of 9*64 multi-frames paging index buffer is related to


the paging message buffer mechanism of 64 multi-frames paging duration, used
to determine whether the paging channel is overload. The determine
mechanism is as follows: for each paging group, divide the queued message
number in the buffer with the corresponding maximum buffer queue storage,
then multiplied with 100, if the value is bigger then the setted threshold here, it
is determined as overload.

(6) PRACH overload threshold

PRACH overload threshold is used to determine whether a PRACH is overload.


The determine mechanism is: in on PRACH, divided the block number which is
marked as “busy” with the total block number of this PRACH, then multiplied
with 100, if the value is bigger then the setted threshold here, it is determined as
overload.

(7) PRACH overload indicate duration: Reserved

-65-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

(8) Prach receive signal level threshold

Description: The level threshold of PRach receive signal is PrachBusyThs.


PRACH channel overload is one of the reasons to use overload control.
PRACH overload is measured by the random access burst busy rate, namely, if
the level of a burst is bigger than the level specified by PrachBusyThs, then this
burst is determined as a busy burst.

Value: as table 5-2 lists.

Table 5-2 Value of PRach receive signal level threshold

PrachBusyThs Corresponding level(dBm)


0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
…… ……
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Setting: The default value is 63

(9) PRACH average measured bursts number

Description: The average measured bursts number (PavgSlots) is the bursts


measured on PRACH. If the level of received signal of AvgSlots number of BP
is little than PrachBusyThs, then The PRACH channel is determined as
overload. It is a parameter used by BTS, should be synchronized when
changed.

Value: 0 ~ 100

Setting: the default value is 60

(10)Whether support extension paging mode

Description: mark whether support in extension paging mode

(11)pcch attribute 0: reserved

(12)pcch attribute 1: reserved

(13)pcch attribute 2: reserved

(14)Access pulse type

Description: the parameter used in MS side. It is the optional attribute for


GPRS cell, broadcast to MS by PSI1, PSI13 and SI3 message to indicate the

-66-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

type of access pulse used in PRACH, PTCCH/U and PACKET CONTROL


ACKNOWLEDGEMNT, includes two types: 8 bits access pulse and 11 bites
access pulse. 11 bits access pulse could carrier more information then 8 bits
access pulse.

Value: as table 5-3 lists.


Table 5-3 Value of different access pulse type

Value Description
0 8 bits access pulse
1 11 bit access pulse

Setting: the default value is 0.

5.5.3 TRU status and attributes examining

Select “TRU attributes” from the configuration tree, the channel status of each TRU
will display in the right side of the window. Click “TRU” by the right key of the
mouse, the popup dialog is as figure 5-19 shows.

Figure 5-19 TRU status examining

Select “TRU attributes” from the right key menu in figure 5-19, the popup dialog
shows the FU parameter and CU parameter, as figure 5-20 shows.

-67-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 5-20 TRU attributes examining

5.5.4 Channel status and attributes examining

Select “Channel” to show the status of each channel in TRU. Click channel by the right
key of the mouse, the popup “Channel attributes” dialog is as figure 5-21 shows.

-68-
Chapter 5 Alarm management

Figure 5-21 Channel attributes status examining

Select “Channel attributes” from the right key of the mouse from figure 5-21, a channel
information dialog will popup, as figure 5-22 shows.

Figure 5-22 Channel Attributes examining

-69-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

5.6 Software version examining


No matter whether Abis link is connected, the LMT system allow the maintenance
personnel check the download software version in SITE. The software version
includes: OMU software, FUC and CHP software in FU. Select “Version→File version
examining” in the main menu, as figure 5-23 shows, or select “Software version”
button from toolbar, a “Version information” dialog will popup, as figure 5-24 shows.

Figure 5-23 Version examining

Figure 5-24 Version information

-70-
6 Clock Calibration

6.1 General
Currently, CKU has two kinds of working mode: phase lock mode (synchronized with
BSC) and free oscillation mode. When work in phase lock mode, such as lock, save the
input value of voltage control oscillation into FLASH register. When work in free
oscillation mode, CKU control the voltage oscillation with the D/A value in FLASH
register.

Before CKU leave factory, the output of the clock is already be calibrated to ensure the
13M output precision. But the output of CKU clock maybe not accurate due to aging or
other reasons. So calibration tools should be provided on site for CKU clock output
calibration. Here, we provide tools in LMT, user can use the peripheral meter to realize
CKU calibration.

The calibration environment is as figure 6-1 shows.

High performance
frequency meter

-----------

Figure 6-1 Calibration environment

The principle of CKU calibration is by the communication between LMT software and
CKU, and saved in CKU used for free oscillation.

As figure 6-1 shows, CKU calibration needs three parts of software: LMT program
runs on background; foreground agent runs on OMU plate; calibration program runs on
CKU, used to receive and execute the instructions from LMT.

-71-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

6.2 Operation steps


1. Connect the output of the CKU to the frequency meter to see the result.

2. Click the on the main menu of the LMT (figure 3-3) to enter LMT clock
calibration module, as figure 6-2 shows.

Figure 6-2 CKU calibration

(1) CKU current value

1) DAC: Current value of voltage control used by CKU board.

2) Voltage: the voltage corresponding to DAC, couldn’t be modified directly.

(2) Adjust

1) DAC: standard voltage control value

2) Voltage: the voltage corresponding to DAC, couldn’t be modified directly.

3) Step: adjust step, has three choices: 1, 3, 10

2. Select left/right CKU first, click “Start” to get the current DAC value the CKU
board used currently, and the corresponding voltage.

-72-
Chapter 6 Clock calibration

4 . Adjust the DAC value according to the output of the frequency meter, click
“Calibration” to adjust the foreground CKU frequency. Step can be fine adjusted to
acquire accurate value.

5.Press “Save” to write the current DAC value into the CKU plates when the output
value of the frequency meter is the desired value.

6.“Press “End” to finish the calibration of this plate, select next plate to continue this
operation.

-73-
7 Operation

7.1 General
The LMT system includes configuration management, alarm management and clock
calibration. In the pervious chapters, we introduced main function of each part by
menu, following, we will introduce some common used operations of LMT system in
detail functionally.

1. Create new SITE

2. Modify configuration

3. Delete configuration

4. Alarm inquiry

5. Status inquiry

6. Configuration examining

7. Software version examining

8. Clock calibration

-74-
Chapter 7 Operation

7.2 Create new site

7.2.1 Open configuration management

Click on the LMT main menu (figure 3-3) to enter configuration management
system, as figure 7-1 shows.

Figure 7-1 Configuration management main menu

7.2.2 Physical configuration

1. Create new rack

Click “ZTE Ltd”, select “SITE equipment management” from configuration


tree and click the right key of the mouse, select “ Add new rack” from the
popup menu, as figure 7-2 shows. Normally, the configuration of BTS main
rack and auxillary rack is according to the actual requirements. Each SITE at
most could have four BTS racks, including one main rack and three auxillary
racks.

-75-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 7-2 Add new rack

2. Add new rack

Click “ZTE Ltd” and select “Main rack” from the configuration tree, then a
empty rack will display on the right side of the window. Frame 1, 2, 3 are
carrier frequency frame. For the boards in the public frame, click the right key
of the mouse on the boards in the figure, select “Add new board” from the
popup menu, as figure 7-3 shows, the board will be configured into the rack
figure. Or select “board operation” on toolbar, move the cursor to the board
needs to be added, after the cursor change to “+”, click the board to finish this
operation. For the board in carrier frame, first configure HYM and MUL, then
add TRU board. During add TRU board, a dialog includes detail of plate will
popup, select HYM and MUL, then click “OK” to finish the configuration. The
steps of add new plate in auxillary rack is same as the adding steps on main
rack.

-76-
Chapter 7 Operation

Figure 7-3 Add plates

-77-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

7.2.3 Radio configuration

1. Add new cell

Select “Site attribute configuration” from configuration tree and click the right
key of the mouse, select “Add Cell” from the popup menu, as figure 7-4 shows.
Here, each site at most has four BTS, so at most three cells exist in one SITE.

Figure 7-4 Add new cell

2. Add TRU

Add new TRU after add cell operation finished. Select “Cell 1”, click the right
key of the mouse, as figure 7-5 shows. Select “Add TRX” from the popup
menu. The popup dialog is as figure 7-6 shows, includes the information like
TRX No., rack No., frame NO., panel No., HYM and MUL No., and so on.
Click “OK” to confirm.

-78-
Chapter 7 Operation

Figure 7-5 Cell parameter configuration

Figure 7-6 Add TRX

-79-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

3. CH combination

Select “CH Combination Wizard” from the popup menu in figure 7-5, the
window is as figure 7-7 shows. Click “Apply” to show the current information
of the TRX, channel No, and combination type of the selected cell.

Figure 7-7 CH Combination Wizard

4. Set channel attributes

Click one channel by the right key of the mouse, the popup menu is as figure 7-
8 shows. Select “Set CH Attributes” to set attributes in the windows like figure
7-9. Click “OK” to finish the configuration.

-80-
Chapter 7 Operation

Figure 7-8 Set CH Attributes menu

Figure 7-9 Set CH Attributes window

5. Set cell frequency

Select “CA Set” from the popup menu in figure 7-5, the CA configuration
window is as figure 7-10 shows. Assign one selectable frequency from the left
side to BCCH; click “Else” to assign frequency to other TRXs in the cell.

-81-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 7-10 Carrier frequency configuration

6. CA wizard

Select “CA wizard” from the popup menu as figure 7-5 shows, the dialog is as
figure 7-11 shows. Select hopping method, click “Apply” and “OK” to finish.

Figure 7-11 CA Wizard

7. Data synchronization

-82-
Chapter 7 Operation

Click “Start Synchronization” on the toolbar in the main menu (figure 7-1),
open the parameter configuration synchronization dialog, as figure 7-12 shows.
Click “Start” to finish configuration automatically, then, “Check” and “Start”
button will available. Click “Check” to do validity check, if the check passed,
the system will give a prompt to indicate the configuration is correct; otherwise,
the system will give a prompt to indicate the configuration is incorrect, and the
operator need modify the incorrect configuration and do synchronization again.
After validity check passed, click “Write”, the system will synchronize the
configuration data to foreground, and display the progress in the mean time.
After synchronization finished, the system will give a prompt to indicate
parameter configuration is finished.

Figure 7-12 Data synchronization

-83-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

7.3 Modify configuration

7.3.1 Open configuration management

Click on the LMT main menu (figure 3-3) to enter configuration management
system, as figure 7-1 shows. Following we will describe the steps of configuration
management by add a new TRU plate.

7.3.2 Modify physical configuration

Select “Main rack” in the configuration tree in figure 7-3, click the TRU plate by right
key of the mouse, select “Add plate” from the popup menu, then the plate will be
configured into the rack. Or user can select “plate operation” on the toolbar, move the
cursor to the TRU plate need to be added, click after the cursor change to “+”. A dialog
will popup during adding new TRU, select HYM, MUL and click “OK” to finish TRU
configuration.

7.3.3 Modify radio configuration

1. Adding new cell

Select “SITE attributes configuration” from the configuration tree in figure 7-3,
click the right key of the mouse, then, select “Add cell” from the popup menu,
as figure 7-4 shows. Here, each SITE could have four BTSs at most, so one
SITE at most existing three cells.

2. Add TRX

After adding new cell, add new TRX inside this cell. Select “Cell 1” from the
configuration tree and click the right key of the mouse, as figure 7-5 shows.
Select “Add TRX” from the popup menu, a dialog includes the parameter of
TRX will show up, the information includes rack No., frame No., panel No.and
HYM and MUL No., click “Ok” to finish.

3. Channel generator

Select “Channel generator” in the figure 7-5, the popup menu is as figure 7-7
shows. Click “Apply”, the channel information and combination of the selected
cell will list on the screen. Click “Ok” to finish.

-84-
Chapter 7 Operation

4. Channel attributes configuration

Click one channel by the right key of the mouse, the popup menu is as figure 7-
8 shows, select “channel attributes configuration” to do the operation. The
configuration window is as figure 7-9 shows.

5. Set CA

Select “Set CA” in figure 7-5, the CA set window is as figure 7-10 shows.
Assign one frequency to BCCH from the available frequency listed on the left
side. Click “Else” to assign channel to other TRXs.

6. CA wizard

Select “CA wizard” from the popup menu in figure 7-5, the popup window is as
figure 7-11 shows. Click “Apply” after select hopping method and click “OK”
to finish.

7. Data synchronization

Click “Start synchronization” on the toolbar of the main window (figure 7-1) to
open the parameter synchronization dialog, as figure 7-12 shows. Click “Start”
to finish configuration automatically, then, “Check” and “Start” button will
available. Click “Check” to do validity check, if the check passed, the system
will give a prompt to indicate the configuration is correct; otherwise, the system
will give a prompt to indicate the configuration is incorrect, and the operator
need modify the incorrect configuration and do synchronization again. After
validity check passed, click “Write”, the system will synchronize the
configuration data to foreground, and display the progress in the mean time.
After synchronization finished, the system will give a prompt to indicate
parameter configuration finished.

-85-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

7.4 Delete configuration

7.4.1 Open configuration management

Click on the LMT main menu to enter configuration management system, as


figure 7-1 shows. Following, we will describe the delete operation in detail.

7.4.2 Modify radio configuration

1. Delete TRX

Select the correspond “TRU” in the configuration tree, click by the right key of
the mouse, the popup menu is as figure 7-13 shows, select “Delete TRU” to
finish.

Figure 7-13 Delete TRU

2. Channel generator

Select “Channel generator” in figure 7-5, the “Channel generator” window is as


figure 7-7 shows. Click “Apply” to list the corresponding information, such as:
TRX No. of the current selected cell, channel No and channel combination
type. Click “OK” to finish.

-86-
Chapter 7 Operation

3. Set CA

Select “Set CA” from the popup menu as figure 7-5 shows, the CA set window
is as figure 7-10 shows. Assign a frequency to BCCH from the available
frequency on the left side; click “Else” to assign frequency to other TRXs in the
cell.

4. Frequency wizard

Select “Frequency wizard” from the popup menu, the window is like figure 7-
11 shows. Select the hopping mode, click “Apply” and “Ok” to finish.

7.4.3 Modify physical configuration

Select “Main rack” in the configuration tree, click TRU plate in the figure by the right
key of the mouse, select “Delete plate” from the menu. Or select “Plate operation”
from the toolbar, move the cursor to the TRU board need to be deleted, click the plate
after cursor change to “-”.

7.4.4 Data synchronization

Click the “Start synchronization” button on the main menu to open parameter
configuration synchronization dialog, as figure 7-12 shows. Click “Start” to finish
configuration automatically, then, “Check” and “Start” button will available. Click
“Check” to do validity check, if the check passed, the system will give a prompt to
indicate the configuration is correct; otherwise, the system will give a prompt to
indicate the configuration is incorrect, and the operator need modify the incorrect
configuration and do synchronization again. After validity check passed, click “Write”,
the system will synchronize the configuration data to foreground, and display the
progress in the mean time. After synchronization finished, the system will give a
prompt to indicate parameter configuration finished.

-87-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

7.5 Alarm examining

7.5.1 Open alarm management

Click on the LMT main menu (figure 3-3) to enter alarm management system, as
figure 7-14 shows.

Figure 7-14 LMT alarm management window

-88-
Chapter 7 Operation

7.5.2 Site alarm examining

Select “SITE alarm examining” from the configuration tree, the right side of the
window will display the contents, position and style of the alarms. As figure 7-15
shows.

Figure 7-15 Site alarm examining

-89-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

7.5.3 Rack alarm examining

Select “Main rack” or “Sub rack” from the configuration tree, the alarm method, alarm
position, alarm content, fan condition and rack temperature will display in the right
side of the window, as figure 7-16 shows. Various alarms may exist on the same board
at the same time, the color of the board on alarm examining interface indicates the
alarm with the highest level on this board. Click the board to see all alarm information
in detail.

Figure 7-16 Rack alarm information

-90-
Chapter 7 Operation

7.6 Status examining

7.6.1 Enter alarm management system

Click the shortcut button on the LMT main menu (figure 3-3) to enter alarm
management system, as figure 7-14 shows.

7.6.2 Site status examining

Select “Site status and attributes” in the configuration tree, the radio resource status
table will show in the right side of the window, includes information like the current
management status, operation status and available status of each maintenance unit, as
figure 7-17 shows.

Figure 7-17 Site attributes

-91-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

7.6.3 Cell attributes

Select “Cell 1” from the configuration tree, the current management status, operation
status and available status of FU and CU will display in the right side of the window, as
figure 7-18 shows.

Figure 7-18 Cell attributes

-92-
Chapter 7 Operation

7.6.4 TRU attributes

Select “TRU” in the configuration tree, the current management information, operation
status and available status will display in the right side of the window, as figure 7-19
shows.

Figure 7-19 TRU attributes

-93-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

7.6.5 Channel attributes

Select “Channel” node in the configuration tree will show the current management
status, operation status and available status of each channel in the right side window.
As figure 7-20 shows.

Figure 7-20 Channel attributes

-94-
Chapter 7 Operation

7.7 Configuration Examining

7.7.1 Open alarm management

Click on the LMT main menu (figure 3-3) to enter alarm management system, as
figure 7-14 shown.

7.7.2 Site attributes examining

Select “Site state and attributes” in the configuration, click the right key of the mouse
to see the popup menu, as figure 7-21 shows. Select the corresponding item to perform
the operation as Drop table examining, Site attribute examining and TRU CA inquiry,
etc..

Figure 7-21 Site attributes

-95-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

7.7.3 Cell attributes

Click the right key of the mouse on the configuration tree, select “Cell1”, then select
“Cell attributes” from the popup menu. The Cell attributes window is shown in figure
7-22. The information in the window includes “Timer”, “Wireless Attributes” and
“GPRS Parameter”.

Figure 7-22 Cell attributes examining

-96-
Chapter 7 Operation

7.7.4 TRU Attributes Examining

Click the right key of the mouse on the configuration tree, click “TRU”, the popup
menu will show as figure 7-19, select “TRU attributes Examining” to see the following
window (figure 7-23). The information includes the attributes of both FU and CU.

Figure 7-23 TRU attributes Examining

7.7.5 Channel attributes

Click the right key of the mouse in the configuration tree, click “channel” and select
“Channel attributes” from the popup menu. The Channel Attributes window is as figure
7-24 shows.

-97-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Figure 7-24 Channel attributes

7.8 Software version information


1. Click on the LMT main menu (figure 3-3) to enter the alarm management
system, as figure 7-14 shows.

2. Click “Software version - Version information”, or select “Software version”


directly from toolbar. The Version Information window will show as figure 7-
25. The information includes the software version of OMU, FUC on FU and
CHP.

-98-
Chapter 7 Operation

Figure 7-25 Version information

-99-
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

7.9 Clock calibration


1. Connect the output of the CKU to the frequency meter to see the result.

2. Click on the main menu of the LMT (figure 3-3), then the LMT clock
calibration window will display, as figure 7-26 shows.

Figure 7-26 CKU calibration

3. Select left/right CKU first, and click the “start” button, the current used value
of DAC and corresponding voltage will display in the window.

4. In the adjust field, adjust the value of DAC by the output of frequency meter.
Micro adjust is supported by choose the different step.

5. After the output value of frequency meter is the desired value, press “save” to
write the current DAC value into CKU.

6. Press “end” to finish the calibration.

-100-
101101

Appendix Abbreviation

Abbreviation Full English name


Abis
ARFCN Absolute Radio Frequency Channel No
BCCH Broadcast Control Channel
BIE Base Station Interface Equipment
BER Bit Error Rate
BSC Base Station Controller
BSIC Base Station Identify Code
BTS Base Transceiver Station
CCCH Calling Control Channel
CELL Cellular
CHP Channel Processor
CKU Clock Unit
CU Carrier Unit
DAAU Alarm adaptor unit
DTX Discontinuous Transmission
E1
EAM External Alarm Module
EBIE Enhanced Base station Interface Equipment
FU Frame Unit
GPRS General Packet Radio Service
HDLC High Speed Data Link Control
HW HighWay
HYM(HYCOM) Hybrid Combiner
LAPD Link Access Procedure “D” Channel
LAPDm Link Access Procedure “Dm”(mobile “D”)Channel
LM Local Manager
LMT Local Manager Terminal
MMI Man-Machine Interface
MO Managed Object
MS Mobile Station
MSC Mobile services Switching Center
MUL Multi Coupler
OMC Operation and Maintenance Center
OMU Operation & Maintenance Unit
PA Power Amplifier
ZXG10-BTS (V1A) Operation Manual

Continuous

Abbreviation Full English name


PEU Power Extension unit
PSA Power Supply A
PSB Power Supply B
PUB Public Unit Board
RACH Random Access Channel
SDU Signal Distribute Unit
SITE
TCH/F Traffic Channel (Full rate)
TCH/H Traffic Channel (Half rate)
TEI Terminal Equipment Identifier
TRX Transceivers
Um

-102-