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FIRST A ID LECTURE 2 CI Curry
FIRST A ID LECTURE 2
FIRST A ID
LECTURE 2

CI Curry

FIRST A ID LECTURE 2 CI Curry

Topics To be Covered Tonight…

Topics To be Covered Tonight… • Breathing and circulation • The heart • Life saving priorities

Breathing and circulation

The heart

Life saving priorities

Adult, child and infant resuscitation

The recovery position

Unconscious adults, children and infants

Chocking adults, children and infants

Breathing and Circulation Breathing • Oxygen – essential to support life (cells die) • Oxygen

Breathing and Circulation

Breathing

Oxygen essential to support life (cells die)

Oxygen is taken in when we breathe, then

circulated to all body tissues

Circulation

Oxygen in blood cells transferred to body

tissues

The Heart

The Heart

Life Saving Priorities/1

Early help (Dial 999 / shout)

Early CPR (Chest compressions and rescue breaths are used to “buy time” until expert help arrives)

999 / shout) • Early CPR (Chest compressions and rescue breaths are used to “buy time”

Life Saving Priorities/2

Early defibrillation (A controlled electric shock

this can jolt the heart into a normal rhythm)

Early advanced care (specialised treatment by

paramedics and in hospital stabilises the

casualty’s condition)

• Early advanced care (specialised treatment by paramedics and in hospital stabilises the casualty’s condition)

Life Saving Priorities/3

Maintaining Circulation

Life Saving Priorities/3 Maintaining Circulation – No heart beat no blood to organs – Circulation can

No heart beat no blood to organs

Circulation can be maintained by chest

compressions

Restoring Heart Rhythm

A defibrillator or automated external defibrillator can be used to restore an abnormal heart rhythm

Early defibrillation is an important element in survival

Must be trained in using defibrillator

Adult Resuscitation

DRS ABC

1) Check casualty’s response 2) Summon help

3) Open the airway

4) Check for breathing 5) Begin chest compressions (30)

6) Begin rescue breaths (2) 7) Continue CPR

Open the a irway 4) Check for b reathing 5) Begin c hest compressions (30) 6)

Unconscious Adult

Response:

Ask questions. Be careful of head/neck injuries

Open the Airway

Hand on forehead, tilt head back, place fingertips under chin and lift

Check Breathing

Airway open, look, listen and feel for normal breathing and feel for breath on your cheek (10 seconds)

Unconscious Adults/2

Chest compression

1) Kneel beside casualty level with chest 2) Hand on top of the other, interlock fingers

3) Press down 4 5cm

4) 30 times at rate of 100 compressions/minute

5) 2 rescue breaths

6) Continue

interlock fingers 3) Press down 4 – 5cm 4) 30 times at rate of 100 compressions/minute

Recovery Position Adults

Kneel and remove extra objects

2 legs straight

Child Resuscitation

DRS ABC

1) Check casualty’s response 2) Summon help

3) Open the airway; check for breathing

4) Breathe for the child 5) Begin chest compressions (30) 6) Begin rescue breaths (2) 7) Continue CPR

for b reathing 4) Breathe for the child 5) Begin chest c ompressions (30) 6) Begin

Unconscious Child

Child?

Response:

Unconscious Child • Child? • Response: Ask questions. Be careful of head/neck injuries • Open the

Ask questions. Be careful of head/neck injuries

Open the Airway

Hand on forehead, tilt head back, place fingertips under chin and lift

Check Breathing

Airway open, look, listen and feel for normal

breathing and feel for breath on your cheek (10 seconds)

Unconscious Child/2

Chest compression

1) Kneel beside casualty level with chest

2) For a small child use only one hand

3) Press down 4 5cm

4) 30 times at rate of 100 compressions/minute

5) 2 rescue breaths

6) Continue

use only one hand 3) Press down 4 – 5cm 4) 30 times at rate of

Infant Resuscitation

DRS ABC

1) Check casualty’s response 2) Summon help

3) Open the airway; check for breathing

4) Breathe for the infant 5) Begin chest compressions (30) 6) Begin rescue breaths (2) 7) Continue CPR

for b reathing 4) Breathe for the infant 5) Begin c hest compressions (30) 6) Begin

Unconscious Infant

Unconscious Infant • Infant? • Response: Flick or tap foot. Do NOT shake • Open the

Infant?

Response:

Flick or tap foot. Do NOT shake

Open the Airway

Hand on forehead, tilt head back, place fingertips under chin and lift

Check Breathing

Airway open, look, listen and feel for normal

breathing and feel for breath on your cheek (10

seconds)

Unconscious Infant/2

Chest compression 1) Place infant on back 2) Use two fingers to give compressions 3) Press down 1/3 of the depth of the chest

4) 30 times at rate of 100 compressions/minute

5) 2 rescue breaths over mouth and nose

6) Continue

the depth of the chest 4) 30 times at rate of 100 compressions/minute 5) 2 rescue

Choking Adults

5 back blows (check mouth and remove

obstructions)

5 abdominal thrusts (check mouth and

remove obstructions)

Dial 999

blows (check mouth and remove obstructions) • 5 abdominal thrusts (check mouth and remove obstructions) •

Choking Child

5 back blows (check mouth and remove

obstructions)

5 abdominal thrusts (check mouth and

remove obstructions)

Dial 999

blows (check mouth and remove obstructions) • 5 abdominal thrusts (check mouth and remove obstructions) •

Choking Infant

5 back blows (check mouth and remove

obstructions)

5 chest thrusts (check mouth and remove

obstructions)

Dial 999

back blows (check mouth and remove obstructions) • 5 chest thrusts (check mouth and remove obstructions)

Any Questions?

Any Questions?