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Research

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- task4assignment
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ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Chapter 1

problem solving. The said subject also shapes the mind and prepares the

learners for pure and social sciences and is considered as one of the

important subjects.

not only in learning its content but also in understanding the factors

much of the problem starts when the learners were required to spend so

1

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

jurisdictions.

The STE junior high school learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy

spends two (2) hours in their math subject, algebra and statistics are some

of the subjects they deal with. Spending a lot of time with this subject

demands that the attention of the learners should not change. Doing

unnecessary things while the discussion is going on would lead them not to

learn with the lessons presented to them. The participation of the learners is

study for the reason that many learners sees mathematics as a difficult one

and it is one of the major subjects, wherein the STE learners are required to

have at least an average not less than 85. Therefore, the learners should

strive hard and must focus well in studying the said subject in order for them

2

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

dominant among all the problems that they are facing in math. In

determining those problems, this study would greatly help the learners by

important, for through it, the learners may learn well and the teacher may

Theoretical Framework

people. Children and adults develop strategies to cope with this anxiety,

rare few, and inaccessible to the general public. Yet we all need

mathematics, not just for school, but for everyday life, work, and

3

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

concepts and skills in the process of problem solving. The lack of five types

skill, language skill, and visual special skill caused the learners to have

Conceptual framework

Mathematics Mathematics

4

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Mathematics.

2. What are the top five (5) most dominant problem encountered

towards Mathematics?

Definition of Terms

In this study, Dominant refers to the main problem that the learners

encounter in mathematics.

In this study, Encounter refers to what the STE junior high school learners

5

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

In this study, Grade was used to determine the grade level of the

In this study, Problem refers to the difficulty of the STE learners toward

Mathematics.

In this study, learners are the selected STE Junior high school learners

6

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Teachers. The result of the study would help the teachers in knowing

they would be able to help their learners in dealing with the said subject.

The teachers might also apply different teaching strategies to address the

Mathematics.

Parents. The result of the study would help the parents to be aware of

by STE Junior High school learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy towards

Mathematics and to identify the most dominant problem that they faced

in the said subject. The things needed in conducting the study were

prepared at Our Lady of Fatima Academy. This study was conducted from

7

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

towards Mathematics.

school year 2017-2018. The respondents of this study covered the One

hundred two (102) STE Junior High school learners of Our Lady of Fatima

The study is only limited in identifying the common and the most

Chapter 2

8

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

and lack of clarity about different rules that are often conflicting can lead

interventions.

9

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

direction learning, and recalling facts, sequence of past and future events,

and giving and receiving change. They also fail to use rules and procedures

to build on known facts. For instance, they may know that 3+5= 8, but would

fail to deduce that 5+3=8. Such children are generally said to have

Bush & Karp (2013) mentioned that solving word problem is among

the main difficulties in algebra for many secondary school learners all over

the world.

mathematics.

them are poor arithmetic skills, difficulty with the abstract content

10

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Assessment Survey Report (2012), the government has put in efforts aimed

core difficulty areas where learners’ performance has always been low.

Bantiding, Herminia A. (2009) said that Math Anxiety is real and can

11

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Gloria, Charina C. (2015) stated that learners usually get low grades

most of all the love of mathematics, and this may create difficulty and

learners experienced and also to identify the most dominant problem they

faced in Mathematics.

12

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Chapter 3

This chapter is divided into three parts: (1) Purpose of the Study and

13

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Research Design, (2) Methods, and (3) Statistical Data Analysis Procedure.

The First Part, Purpose of the Study and Research Design, restates the

knowing what a big number of people think and feel about some

research is a very old research technique that began in the period of the

ancient Egyptian rulers, many still consider this as a very popular means of

social inquiry.

14

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Mathematics.

Methods

The Respondents

The respondents of the study are all the STE junior high school learners

who are currently studying at Our Lady of Fatima Academy for the School

Respondents

Grade 8 - 30

Grade 10 - 26

The one hundred - two STE junior high school learners were selected as the

respondents.

Instruments

The instrument used to obtain the data for the independent and

15

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

STE junior high school learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy towards

Mathematics.

Data-Gathering Procedures

generate ideas from the respondents, to know the common problems that

twenty (20) STE learners, five (5) in each grade level who will respond to the

questionnaire that the researchers have made. After, they gathered the

data, they selected the top five most common problems of STE learners in

The draft of the questionnaire was first submitted to the research adviser

and other members of the research panel for corrections. The corrections

In conducting the final survey, a permission letter was first given to the

16

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

the one hundred two (102) STE Junior High school learners who were chosen

as the respondents.

The data obtained from the survey were processed, encoded, and

data gathered.

Mean. This was used to determine the top five (5) most dominant

Rank. This was used to determine the dominant problems of the STE

17

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Chapter 4

Mathematics.

18

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Data in Table 1 shows all the problems that the STE junior high school

result it was revealed that there were twenty problems encountered by the

STE learners.

2. Solving long equations. 19

3. Having a hard time in understanding and answering

problem solving. 18

5. Forget rules and procedures on how to solve the

problem. 18

6. Lack interest and patience in Math. 17

7. Having variety of possible solutions and difficult

methods in solving mathematical operations and

word problems. 16

8. Difficulty in coping with the lessons when the

learners missed the class. 16

19

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

10. Considering Mathematics as a boring and a sleepy

subject. 15

11. Complicated solutions to mathematical problems. 13

12. Confusing formulas. 12

13. Lack of examples in the book. 12

14. Linear expression. 11

15. Solving fractions. 10

16. Signs. 8

17. Decimal problems. 7

18. Graphs. 5

19. Operation of sets. 4

20. Two – step equation. 2

Based on the results, it was revealed that the item "There are a lot of

and word problems." ranked first. It is followed by the item "I find it hard to

cope with the lessons when I missed the class.", which ranked second and

then the item “Solving long equations is so hard for me.” ranked third. The

item "I find mathematics as a boring and a sleepy subject.", ranked last.

1. I have difficulty in memorizing

mathematical formulas. 2.87 0.91 6

2. Solving long equations is so hard for

me. 3.26 0.93 3

3. I am having a hard time in

understanding and answering

problem solving. 2.84 0.90 7

20

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

mathematical word problems. 2.88 0.90 5

5. I forget rules and procedures on

how to solve the problem. 2.78 0.95 8

6. I lack interest and patience in math. 2.55 1.10 9

7. There are a lot of possible solutions

and difficult methods in solving

mathematical operations and

word problems. 3.44 1.01 1

8. I find it hard to cope with the lessons

when I missed the class. 3.43 1.48 2

9. I’m having a hard time to solve

without a calculator. 2.92 1.04 4

a sleepy subject. 2.21 1.11 10

Table 2. Top Ten Most Dominant Problems of STE Learners in Math

Chapter 5

Recommendations.

21

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

application of the findings of the study and possible areas for future

Summary

2. What are the top five (5) most dominant problem encountered

towards Mathematics?

The participants of this study were all STE Junior High School Learners

22

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

A survey was first conducted to know the common problems that the

(20) STE learners, five (5) in each grade level. The top five most common

problems in Math were then selected. Out of that data gathered, the

towards mathematics was formed and was used to determine the most

1. The top ten (10) common problems encountered by the STE learners were

23

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

operations and word problems,(8) difficulty in coping with the lessons when

the learners missed the class, (9) having a hard time to solve without a

subject.

2. The top five (5) most dominant problems encountered by the STE junior

high school learners were found out to be the following: (1) variety of

and word problems, (2) difficulty in coping with the lessons when the

learners missed the class, (3) solving long equations, (4) having a hard time

word problems.

Conclusions

1. The researchers concluded that the problems in which the STE junior high

24

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

the problem, lack of interest and patience in Math, the variety of possible

word problems, difficulty in coping with the lessons when the learners

missed the class, having a hard time to solve without a calculator, and

Pal (2009) concluded that many difficulties that children faced in learning

were rooted in the lack of understanding of lower level concepts and lack

of clarity about different rules that are often conflicting can lead to

The study found out that there are a lot of problems that the STE junior high

with their seatmates or sleeping while the discussion is going on. Avoidance

with the said subject is the learners’ way of coping up with Mathematics

anxiety.

2. The researchers also concluded that the top five (5) most dominant

problems encountered by STE junior high school learners are the variety of

and word problems, difficulty in coping with the lessons when the learners

missed the class, solving long equations, having a hard time to solve without

25

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Bush & Karp (2013) stated that solving word problems is among the main

difficulties in algebra for many secondary school learners all over the world.

poor arithmetic skills, difficulty with the abstract content associated with

The dominant problem of the STE Junior High school learners which is the

difficult for the learners to cope up with a topic that has varied solution for

Recommendations

regularly and approach the teacher so that they would explain the

26

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA

ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

mathematics.

ensure that all of the learners are performing properly, and all of them

hard in the class in order for them to learn and excel in mathematics.

27

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