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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA


ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Chapter 1

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Mathematics is a subject that greatly deals with numbers and

equations. It is also where a person deals with a lot of mathematical

operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and even

problem solving. The said subject also shapes the mind and prepares the

learners for pure and social sciences and is considered as one of the

important subjects.

Learners that studies math subject nowadays, faced major problems

not only in learning its content but also in understanding the factors

affecting the problems they encountered towards it. The experience of

working with learners who do not do well in mathematics suggests that

much of the problem starts when the learners were required to spend so

much time in Mathematics lessons.

Learners must engage in tasks which seek to give them competence

in mathematical procedures. This leaves inadequate time for gaining,

understanding or seeking how the procedures can be applied in life.

According to Ganal, Nicette N. (2014) Mathematics plays a major

role in a number of other scientific fields, such as physics, engineering and

statistics. In this connection, a positive attitude towards mathematics


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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

among learners is an important goal of mathematics education in many

jurisdictions.

Nowadays, there are various problems that the learners encountered

towards mathematics. According to Bush & Karp (2013), solving word

problems is among the main difficulties in algebra for many secondary

school learners all over the world.

The STE junior high school learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy

spends two (2) hours in their math subject, algebra and statistics are some

of the subjects they deal with. Spending a lot of time with this subject

demands that the attention of the learners should not change. Doing

unnecessary things while the discussion is going on would lead them not to

learn with the lessons presented to them. The participation of the learners is

highly needed in order for them to learn well.

Among all the subjects, the researchers choose Mathematics in this

study for the reason that many learners sees mathematics as a difficult one

and it is one of the major subjects, wherein the STE learners are required to

have at least an average not less than 85. Therefore, the learners should

strive hard and must focus well in studying the said subject in order for them

to remain in the STE class.

The researchers wanted to determine the different problems

encountered by the STE learners towards mathematics and the most

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

dominant among all the problems that they are facing in math. In

determining those problems, this study would greatly help the learners by

means of allowing the teachers to be aware of those problems that they

have. The mathematics teachers here in OLFA use a lot of different

strategies to help the learners learn well in the said subject.

The communication between the teacher and the student is very

important, for through it, the learners may learn well and the teacher may

deliver the lesson effectively.

It is in this premise that the researchers would like to determine the

different problems encountered by STE Junior High School learners of Our

Lady of Fatima Academy towards Mathematics.

Theoretical Framework

Mathematics anxiety has been the subject of several books and

numerous research papers, suggesting that it is a significant issue for many

people. Children and adults develop strategies to cope with this anxiety,

one of which is avoidance (Chinn, Steve 2012).

Mathematics was thought to be a genetic gift possessed only by a

rare few, and inaccessible to the general public. Yet we all need

mathematics, not just for school, but for everyday life, work, and

opportunities. (Schleicher, Andreas 2013).

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

The lack of many mathematical skills caused difficulties in problem

solving. They are required to apply and integrate mainly on mathematical

concepts and skills in the process of problem solving. The lack of five types

of mathematical skills such as number fact skill, arithmetic skill, information

skill, language skill, and visual special skill caused the learners to have

difficulty in applying varied methods in solving mathematical equations (Hill

2008; Kaufman 2008; Berch&Mazzocco 2007).

Conceptual framework

Independent Variable Dependent Variable

Problems Encountered Dominant Problem faced

By STE Learners towards by STE learners towards

Mathematics Mathematics

Figure 1.The Research Paradigm

Figure 1 presents the relationship between the independent variable

and dependent variable in the study.

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Statement of the Problem

This study is aimed to determine the problems encountered by STE

Junior High School learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy towards

Mathematics.

Specifically, it answers the following questions:

1. What are the problems encountered by STE Junior High School

learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy towards Mathematics?

2. What are the top five (5) most dominant problem encountered

by STE Junior High School learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy

towards Mathematics?

Definition of Terms

For a clearer understanding of this study, the following words have

been defined using their conceptual and operational meaning:

Dominant. More important, powerful, or successful than most or all

others and most common. (Merriam – Webster Dictionary 2017)

In this study, Dominant refers to the main problem that the learners

encounter in mathematics.

Encounter. To have or experience. (Merriam – Webster Dictionary 2017)

In this study, Encounter refers to what the STE junior high school learners

have experienced in dealing with Math subject.

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(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Grade. A level of study that is completed by a student during one year.

(Merriam – Webster Dictionary 2017)

In this study, Grade was used to determine the grade level of the

learners in the study.

Mathematics. A science of numbers, quantities, and shapes and the

relations between them. (Merriam – Webster Dictionary 2017)

In this study, Mathematics is the subject that is discussed and main

focus of the study.

Problem. Something that is difficult to deal with and something that is a

source of trouble or worry. (Merriam – Webster Dictionary 2017)

In this study, Problem refers to the difficulty of the STE learners toward

Mathematics.

Learner. A person who attends a school, college or university. (Merriam

– Webster Dictionary 2017)

In this study, learners are the selected STE Junior high school learners

who were chosen as the respondents.

Significance of the Study

The outcome of this study is most beneficial to the following:

Administration. The result of this study will help the administration to

know the problems being encountered by the STE learners in Mathematics.

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Teachers. The result of the study would help the teachers in knowing

the problems that the learners encounter in Mathematics, and by which

they would be able to help their learners in dealing with the said subject.

The teachers might also apply different teaching strategies to address the

different problems encountered by STE learners.

Learners. The result of this study would greatly help learners to

overcome and adjust with the problems they encounter towards

Mathematics.

Parents. The result of the study would help the parents to be aware of

the problems that their children faced in Mathematics.

Future researchers. The findings obtained in this study will be used as

the basis for similar studies in the future.

The researchers. To gain knowledge and to explore a new discovery

which is beneficial to us.

Scope and Limitations

This descriptive study is aimed to identify the problems encountered

by STE Junior High school learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy towards

Mathematics and to identify the most dominant problem that they faced

in the said subject. The things needed in conducting the study were

prepared at Our Lady of Fatima Academy. This study was conducted from

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

June 2017 – January 2018.

This study utilized the descriptive research design. Descriptive research

uses quantitative methods to describe what is, describing, recording,

analyzing, and interpreting conditions that exist. The independent variables

are the problems encountered by STE learners towards Mathematics while

the dependent variable is the dominant problem faced by STE learners

towards Mathematics.

The study was conducted at Our Lady of Fatima Academy in the

school year 2017-2018. The respondents of this study covered the One

hundred two (102) STE Junior High school learners of Our Lady of Fatima

Academy. The validated Researcher – made Questionnaire on Problems

encountered by STE learners towards mathematics was used to gather all

the data needed in the study.

The study is only limited in identifying the common and the most

dominant problem encountered by STE learners towards mathematics.

Chapter 2

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(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND RELATED STUDIES

Mathematics as defined by the Oxford Dictionary is the science of

number, quantity, and space, either as abstract concepts (pure

mathematics), or as applied to other disciplines such as physics and

engineering (applied mathematics). Various mathematicians and

philosophers gave their own views about the definition of Mathematics.

Aristotle defined Mathematics as the “science of quantity” which is

accepted until 18th century. In addition, German mathematician Carl

Friedrich Gauss as the “Queen of Sciences” because it is very essential in

many fields including natural sciences, engineering, medicine and other

social sciences. Greek mathematician Archimedes is widely considered by

many to be the “father of mathematics”.

Pal (2009) concluded that many difficulties that children faced in

learning were rooted in the lack of understanding of lower level concepts

and lack of clarity about different rules that are often conflicting can lead

to misconceptions and affect mathematical learning.

Wang, Du and Liu (2009) identified two types of learning difficulties:

learned helplessness and defensive attribution. The learners enhanced their

learning in mathematics with the use of appropriate strategies in the

interventions.

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

According to Vaidya (2008), some children suffer from dyscalculia.

This is characterized by a poor understanding of the number concept and

the number system characteristic of their age group. Such children

experience difficulties counting, learning abstract concepts of time,

direction learning, and recalling facts, sequence of past and future events,

and giving and receiving change. They also fail to use rules and procedures

to build on known facts. For instance, they may know that 3+5= 8, but would

fail to deduce that 5+3=8. Such children are generally said to have

difficulties to mathematics learning. Without identification and

remediation, these children would not be able to be numerically functional.

Bush & Karp (2013) mentioned that solving word problem is among

the main difficulties in algebra for many secondary school learners all over

the world.

According to Zambia’s National Assessment Survey Report (2008),

despite the recommended remedial measures made in the various

preceding surveys, there has been consistently poor performance in

mathematics.

Learners face many difficulties in learning approximation; among

them are poor arithmetic skills, difficulty with the abstract content

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

associated with decimal fractions and an inability to apply correct

methods to new problems. Mathematics educators have put up self-

sacrificing and spirited efforts aimed at identifying the major problems

associated with the teaching and learning of mathematics. Despite all

these noble efforts, the problem of poor achievement in mathematics has

continued to manifest in the nation’s public examinations (Zambia National

Assessment Survey Report, 2012).

Similar research has been conducted to investigate learning

difficulties in mathematics by Telima and Adolphis (2011). Some of the

findings indicate that difficulties in teaching and learning of mathematics,

has resulted in mass failure of learners in examinations.

The poor performance of learners in mathematics and

approximation in particular has been a thing of concern to mathematics

educators, parents and government. According to Zambia National

Assessment Survey Report (2012), the government has put in efforts aimed

at identifying the major problems associated with primary school

mathematics. Despite all these noble efforts, the problem of poor

achievement in mathematics has continued to rear its head. It is against

this background that this research identified ‘approximation” as one of the

core difficulty areas where learners’ performance has always been low.

Bantiding, Herminia A. (2009) said that Math Anxiety is real and can

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

happen to anyone at any age regardless of his mathematical ability. Since

mathematics is perhaps the most abstract among academic subjects,

many learners dislike and avoid it.

Berch&Mazzocco (2007) stated that many mathematics skills were

involved in problem-solving. However, large numbers of learners have not

acquired the basic skills they need in mathematics.

Latha (2007) error analysis showed that learners were lacking in

arithmetic and procedure knowledge as a result from weak conceptual

understanding. Learners who were weak in conceptual understanding

were found to lack in arithmetic and procedural skills.

Gloria, Charina C. (2015) stated that learners usually get low grades

in their performance in mathematics due to lack of concept,

understanding of the fundamental manipulation or mathematical skills and

most of all the love of mathematics, and this may create difficulty and

negativism towards the subject.

From the review of the different studies mentioned above the

researchers brought out this study on “PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY STE

JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS IN OUR LADY OF FATIMA ACADEMY

TOWARDS MATHEMATICS” in order to determine those problems that the

learners experienced and also to identify the most dominant problem they

faced in Mathematics.

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(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Chapter 3

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY

This chapter is divided into three parts: (1) Purpose of the Study and
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(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Research Design, (2) Methods, and (3) Statistical Data Analysis Procedure.

The First Part, Purpose of the Study and Research Design, restates the

main problem and discusses the research design.

The Second Part, Methods, describes the participants, data-

gathering instruments, and data-gathering procedures used in the study.

The Third Part, Statistical Data Analysis Procedures, enumerates the

statistical tools used in the analysis of data.

Purpose of the Study and Research Design

This study aims to determine the problems encountered by STE Junior

High school learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy towards Mathematics

for the School Year 2017-2018.

This study utilized the Descriptive research design. According to

Babbie (2013), survey research is a method of research that aims at

knowing what a big number of people think and feel about some

sociological issues. The data it collects from the people serving as

“representatives or informants” explain or describe the society’s thoughts,

attitudes and feelings towards environmental issues. Although survey

research is a very old research technique that began in the period of the

ancient Egyptian rulers, many still consider this as a very popular means of

social inquiry.
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(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

In this study, the independent variables are the problems

encountered by STE learners towards Mathematics. The dependent

variable is the dominant problem faced by STE learners towards

Mathematics.

Methods

The Respondents

The respondents of the study are all the STE junior high school learners

who are currently studying at Our Lady of Fatima Academy for the School

Year 2017 - 2018.

Respondents

25% 22% Grade 7 - 22

Grade 8 - 30

24% 29% Grade 9 - 24

Grade 10 - 26

Figure 2. Distribution of Respondents

The one hundred - two STE junior high school learners were selected as the

respondents.

Instruments

The instrument used to obtain the data for the independent and

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(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

dependent variables for the study was the researcher–made questionnaire

duly validated by the panel who were experts in research subject.

The problems in mathematics were stated in a researcher - made

questionnaire and were used to determine the problems encountered by

STE junior high school learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy towards

Mathematics.

Data-Gathering Procedures

First, the researchers conducted a pilot test, a test that would

generate ideas from the respondents, to know the common problems that

the STE learners encountered in mathematics, the respondents were the

twenty (20) STE learners, five (5) in each grade level who will respond to the

questionnaire that the researchers have made. After, they gathered the

data, they selected the top five most common problems of STE learners in

mathematics. Out of that data the Researcher – made questionnaire on

Problems encountered by STE learners towards mathematics was formed.

The draft of the questionnaire was first submitted to the research adviser

and other members of the research panel for corrections. The corrections

were then considered by the researchers.

In conducting the final survey, a permission letter was first given to the

school principal to conduct the study on the scheduled date. The

researchers distributed the instruments with the assistance of the advisers to


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(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

the one hundred two (102) STE Junior High school learners who were chosen

as the respondents.

The data obtained from the survey were processed, encoded, and

analyzed using the Microsoft Excel.

Statistical Data Analysis Procedures

The following statistical tools were employed in the analyses of the

data gathered.

Frequency. This was used to determine the number of respondents

according to their grade level.

Percentage. This was used to describe in percentage form the

number of respondents according to their grade level.

Mean. This was used to determine the top five (5) most dominant

problems encountered by STE Junior High school learners of Our Lady of

Fatima Academy towards Mathematics.

Rank. This was used to determine the dominant problems of the STE

junior high school learners.

Standard Deviation. This was used to measure the homogeneity and

the heterogeneity of the scores.

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(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Chapter 4

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

This chapter is consist of only one part: Descriptive Data Analysis.

Descriptive data analysis describes the problems encountered by STE

junior high school learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy towards

Mathematics.

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ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Descriptive Data Analysis

Data in Table 1 shows all the problems that the STE junior high school

learners have encountered in dealing with Math subject. Based on the

result it was revealed that there were twenty problems encountered by the

STE learners.

Table 1. Problems Encountered by STE Learners in Mathematics

Problems in Mathematics Frequency

1. Difficulty in memorizing Mathematical formulas. 20


2. Solving long equations. 19
3. Having a hard time in understanding and answering
problem solving. 18

4. Difficulty in analyzing mathematical word problems. 18


5. Forget rules and procedures on how to solve the
problem. 18
6. Lack interest and patience in Math. 17
7. Having variety of possible solutions and difficult
methods in solving mathematical operations and
word problems. 16
8. Difficulty in coping with the lessons when the
learners missed the class. 16

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

9. Having a hard time to solve without a calculator. 15


10. Considering Mathematics as a boring and a sleepy
subject. 15
11. Complicated solutions to mathematical problems. 13
12. Confusing formulas. 12
13. Lack of examples in the book. 12
14. Linear expression. 11
15. Solving fractions. 10
16. Signs. 8
17. Decimal problems. 7
18. Graphs. 5
19. Operation of sets. 4
20. Two – step equation. 2

Data in Table 2 shows the top ten most dominant problems

encountered by STE Junior High School Learners of Our Lady of Fatima

Academy towards Mathematics.

Based on the results, it was revealed that the item "There are a lot of

possible solutions and difficult methods in solving mathematical operations

and word problems." ranked first. It is followed by the item "I find it hard to

cope with the lessons when I missed the class.", which ranked second and

then the item “Solving long equations is so hard for me.” ranked third. The

item "I find mathematics as a boring and a sleepy subject.", ranked last.

Problems in Mathematics Mean SD Rank


1. I have difficulty in memorizing
mathematical formulas. 2.87 0.91 6
2. Solving long equations is so hard for
me. 3.26 0.93 3
3. I am having a hard time in
understanding and answering
problem solving. 2.84 0.90 7

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(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

4. I find it difficult to analyze


mathematical word problems. 2.88 0.90 5
5. I forget rules and procedures on
how to solve the problem. 2.78 0.95 8
6. I lack interest and patience in math. 2.55 1.10 9
7. There are a lot of possible solutions
and difficult methods in solving
mathematical operations and
word problems. 3.44 1.01 1
8. I find it hard to cope with the lessons
when I missed the class. 3.43 1.48 2
9. I’m having a hard time to solve
without a calculator. 2.92 1.04 4

10. I find mathematics as a boring and


a sleepy subject. 2.21 1.11 10
Table 2. Top Ten Most Dominant Problems of STE Learners in Math

Chapter 5

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

This chapter is composed of three parts, namely (1) Summary of the

Problems, Methods and Findings; (2) Conclusions; and (3)

Recommendations.

Part One, Summary of the Problems, Methods and Findings, provides

the summary of the problem, methods, and findings of the study.

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

Part Two, Conclusion, presents the generalization formulated on the

analysis and interpretation of results of the investigation.

Part Three, Recommendations, presents suggestions on the

application of the findings of the study and possible areas for future

research that may be undergone by interested researchers.

Summary

This descriptive research was conducted to determine the Problems

encountered by STE Junior High school learners of Our Lady of Fatima

Academy towards Mathematics in the School year 2017-2018.

Specifically, this study seeks to provide answers to the following questions:

1. What are the problems encountered by STE Junior High School

learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy towards Mathematics?

2. What are the top five (5) most dominant problem encountered

by STE Junior High school learners of Our Lady of Fatima Academy

towards Mathematics?

The participants of this study were all STE Junior High School Learners

of Our Lady of Fatima Academy in the School Year 2017-2018.

This study utilized the descriptive research design. Descriptive

research uses quantitative methods to describe what is, describing,

recording, analyzing, and interpreting conditions that exist. The

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

independent variables are problems encountered by STE learners towards

Mathematics. The dependent variable is the dominant problem faced by

STE learners towards Mathematics.

A survey was first conducted to know the common problems that the

STE learners encountered in mathematics, the respondents were the twenty

(20) STE learners, five (5) in each grade level. The top five most common

problems in Math were then selected. Out of that data gathered, the

Researcher – made questionnaire on Problems encountered by STE learners

towards mathematics was formed and was used to determine the most

dominant problem encountered by STE Junior High school learners of Our

Lady of Fatima Academy towards Mathematics. The Researchers-Made

Questionnaire was face – validated by the panel who were experts in

research subject. Frequency, percentage, mean, and rank as descriptive

statistical tools were utilized for data analyses.

The major findings of the study were:

1. The top ten (10) common problems encountered by the STE learners were

found out to be the following: (1)the difficulty in memorizing mathematical

formulas, (2) solving long equations, (3) having a hard time in

understanding and answering problem solving, (4) difficulty in analyzing

mathematical word problems, (5) forget rules and procedures on how to

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

solve the problem,(6) lack of interest and patience in Math,(7) having

variety of possible solutions and difficult methods in solving mathematical

operations and word problems,(8) difficulty in coping with the lessons when

the learners missed the class, (9) having a hard time to solve without a

calculator, and (10) considering Mathematics as a boring and a sleepy

subject.

2. The top five (5) most dominant problems encountered by the STE junior

high school learners were found out to be the following: (1) variety of

possible solutions and difficult methods in solving mathematical operations

and word problems, (2) difficulty in coping with the lessons when the

learners missed the class, (3) solving long equations, (4) having a hard time

to solve without a calculator, and (5) difficulty in analyzing mathematical

word problems.

Conclusions

In the light of the aforementioned findings in the study, the following

conclusions were drawn:

1. The researchers concluded that the problems in which the STE junior high

school learners encountered in mathematics were the difficulty in

memorizing mathematical formulas, solving long equations, having a hard

time in understanding and answering problem solving, difficulty in analyzing

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

mathematical word problems, forget rules and procedures on how to solve

the problem, lack of interest and patience in Math, the variety of possible

solutions and difficult methods in solving mathematical operations and

word problems, difficulty in coping with the lessons when the learners

missed the class, having a hard time to solve without a calculator, and

considering Mathematics as a boring and a sleepy subject.

Pal (2009) concluded that many difficulties that children faced in learning

were rooted in the lack of understanding of lower level concepts and lack

of clarity about different rules that are often conflicting can lead to

misconceptions and affect mathematical learning.

The study found out that there are a lot of problems that the STE junior high

school learners encountered in mathematics. This implies that learners tend

to do unnecessary things while the discussion is going on such as talking

with their seatmates or sleeping while the discussion is going on. Avoidance

with the said subject is the learners’ way of coping up with Mathematics

anxiety.

2. The researchers also concluded that the top five (5) most dominant

problems encountered by STE junior high school learners are the variety of

possible solutions and difficult methods in solving mathematical operations

and word problems, difficulty in coping with the lessons when the learners

missed the class, solving long equations, having a hard time to solve without

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

a calculator, and difficulty in analyzing mathematical word problems.

Bush & Karp (2013) stated that solving word problems is among the main

difficulties in algebra for many secondary school learners all over the world.

Learners face many difficulties in learning approximation; among them are

poor arithmetic skills, difficulty with the abstract content associated with

decimal fractions and an inability to apply correct methods to new

problems. (Zambia National Assessment Survey Report, 2012).

The dominant problem of the STE Junior High school learners which is the

variety of possible solutions in a single mathematical problem and the

difficult methods in solving a particular word problem implied that it is

difficult for the learners to cope up with a topic that has varied solution for

a single mathematical problem.

Recommendations

Based on the findings and conclusions, the following

recommendations are hereby endorsed:

1. The researchers recommend that the teacher must strengthen their

plans in teaching mathematics in order for their learners to

understand the topic properly.

2. The researchers recommend that the learners must attend class

regularly and approach the teacher so that they would explain the
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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
(STE) JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEARNERS OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA
ACADEMY TOWARDS MATHEMATICS

certain topic that the learners missed.

3. The researchers recommend that learners should participate and

strive hard in class in order for them to learn significant concepts in

mathematics.

4. The researchers recommend that the school administration and the

teachers should conduct close supervision inside the classroom to

ensure that all of the learners are performing properly, and all of them

would understand the discussion well.

5. The researchers recommend that learners must participate and strive

hard in the class in order for them to learn and excel in mathematics.

6. Teachers should be aware if the learners already mastered the basic

skills in Math. If not, teachers should recommend the learners to have

an enhancement period or remediation class to master the basic

skills to cope with the complex challenge of Math problems.

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