Sie sind auf Seite 1von 12

Marisa Fatkiya 201720401011155 – E29

RESUME JURNAL KTI

No. Judul Dapus Resume BAB Halaman Translate


1 Examining time- Jeon-Young Kang and The effects of water, I Efek dari air, sanitasi, dan kebersihan
dependent effects of Jared Aldstadt. 2018. sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) telah diakui dengan baik
water, sanitation, and Examining time- (WASH) interventions have dapat mengurangi risiko dari penularan
hygiene (WASH) dependent effects of been well acknowledged to patogen penyebab penyakit diare.
interventions using an water, sanitation, and reduce the risk from Terlepas dari pentingnya diakui
agent-based model hygiene (WASH) diarrheal disease-causing Intervensi WASH pada pengurangan
interventions using an pathogens. In spite of the penyakit diare, masih ada kesenjangan
agent-based model.. recognized importance of dalam pemahaman dari berbagai efek
Center for Advanced WASH interventions on the intervensi. Untuk menjembatani
Digital and Spatial reduction of diarrheal kesenjangan penelitian ini, kami
Studies, Department disease, there are still gaps mengembangkan model berbasis agen
of Geography and in the understanding penularan penyakit diare dalam konteks
GIScience, University of the time-varying effects komunitas. Dalam modelnya, infeksi
of Illinois at Urbana- of interventions. To bridge terjadi melalui dua jalur:
Champaign, Urbana, this research gap, we (1) antara anggota rumah tangga dalam
USA. developed agent-based lingkungan rumah tangga dan (2) dari
models (ABMs) of diarrheal lingkungan masyarakat di luar rumah
disease transmission in a tangga
community context. In the
model, infections occur via
two pathways:
(1) between household
members within the
household environment and
(2) from the community
environment outside the
household.

Water, sanitation, and I, II Intervensi air, sanitasi, dan kebersihan


hygiene (WASH) (WASH) (mis., Cuci tangan dengan
interventions (e.g., hand sabun dan penggunaan air bersih)
washing with soap and the dipromosikan untuk mencegah dan
use of clean water) are mengendalikan jalur transmisi penyakit
promoted to prevent and diare. patogen (mis., kolera) ke inang
control transmission manusia Penyakit diare adalah
pathways of diarrheal penyebab umum morbiditas di antara
diseasecausing anak-anak berusia kurang dari lima
pathogens (e.g., cholera) to tahun di negara-negara berpenghasilan
human hosts Diarrheal rendah. Patogen bakteri dan parasit
disease is a common cause enterik, sumber utama penyakit diare,
of morbidity among children terutama ditularkan oleh air yang
aged less than five years in terkontaminasi.
low-income countries.
Enteric bacterial pathogens
and parasites, major sources
of the diarrheal disease, are
primarily transmitted by
contaminated water.
2. Water, Sanitation, and Edgar Mugema Almost half the people in the I Hampir setengah penduduk di negara
Hygiene Service Mulogo,Micheal developing world have one berkembang memiliki satu
Availability at Rural Matte, et al. 2018. or more of the main diseases atau lebih penyakit utama atau infeksi
Health Care Facilities in Water, Sanitation, andor infections associated with terkait pasokan air dan sanitasi yang
Southwestern Uganda Hygiene Service inadequate water supply and tidak memadai. Tidak memadainya
Availability at Rural sanitation. Inadequate pengaturan air minum, sanitasi, dan
Health Care Facilitiesdrinking water, sanitation, kebersihan di non-rumah tangga,seperti
in Southwestern and hygiene in sekolah, fasilitas perawatan kesehatan,
Uganda.Department of nonhousehold settings, such dan tempat kerja, berdampak pada
Community Health, as schools, health care kesehatan,pendidikan,kesejahteraan,dan
Mbarara University of facilities, and workplaces, produktivitas populasi, terutama di
Science and impact the health, education, negara rendah dan negara menengah.
Technology, Mbarara, welfare, and productivity
Uganda and Department
of populations, particularly
of Medical Laboratory
in low- and middleincome
Science, Mbarara
University of Science
countries
and Technology,
Mbarara, Uganda
3. Implementation of Amelia Rahmitha, Drinking water is water that I,III Air minum merupakan air yang
Geographical Information Endang Sri Utami. goes through the processing melewati proses atau tanpa diproses
System for 2017. Implementation or without processing that yang diperlukan kesehatan dan bisa
Bacteriological of Geographical required of health and can be langsung diminum. Pasokan air minum
Contamination Analysis Information System directly drunk. Safe supply yang aman sangat penting untuk
on Refill Drinking Water for Bacteriological of drinking water is essential kehidupan manusia dan seharusnya
Depot (Study in Contamination for human life and should not tidak menimbulkan risiko yang
Tembalang District) Analysis on Refill pose a significant risk to bermakna bagi manusia. Persyaratan
Drinking Water Depot humans. The requirement kualitas air minum harus diikuti dan
(Study in Tembalang quality of drinking water dipatuhi oleh semua produsen sehingga
District).Bachelor have to be followed and air minum aman untuk dikonsumsi. Ini
Program of Public obeyed by all producers so persyaratan meliputi fisik,
Health, Diponegoro that drinking water is safe for mikrobiologis, aspek kimia, dan
University. consumption. These radioaktif, parameter biologis terkait
requirements include langsung dengan kesehatan pada.
physical, microbiological, Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik
chemical, and radioactive Indonesia nomor
aspects. Biological 492 / Menkes / Per / IV / 2010 adalah
parameters are directly kandungan Escherichia coli dan total
related to health. The bakteri coliform maksimum yang
regulation on Minister of diijinkan adalah 0 per 100 ml
Health Republic of Indonesia sampel. Escherichia coli yang bisa
no 492/Menkes/Per/IV/2010 menjadi patogen semacam itu
are Escherichia coli and total
bacteria coliform maximum
allowable is 0 per 100 ml ditularkan melalui kontaminasi air dan
sample. Escherichia coli that makanan, dan kontak dengan orang-
such pathogens can be orang.
transmitted through water
and food contamination, and
contact with people.

Escherichia coli that I,II,III


contaminate water has a risk Escherichia coli yang terkontaminasi air
to consumers, such as memiliki risiko bagi konsumen, seperti
diarrhea[4]. According to the diare. Menurut Profil Kesehatan Kota
Health Profile of Semarang Semarang, Angka kejadian diare adalah
City, Incidence Rate of 25 per 1.000 populasi di Indonesia
diarrhea is 25 per 1,000 2014. Sementara itu, di seluruh dunia
population in 2014. menurut UNICEF
Meanwhile, worldwide Indonesia, 88% anak-anak meninggal
according to UNICEF karena diare Bakteri coliform adalah
Indonesia, 88% of children organisme di lingkungan dan
die since diarrhea. Coliform kotoran hewan dan manusia berdarah
bacteria are organisms in the panas. Kehadiran coliform dalam air
environment and the feces of minum menunjukkan organisme
warm-blooded animal and penyebab penyakit (patogen) dapat
human. The presence of terjadi melalui sistem air.
coliform in drinking water Saat ini, air minum isi ulang telah
indicates that disease- menjadi pilihan umum oleh orang-orang
causing organisms berpenghasilan menengah. Air
(pathogens) can occur diproduksi oleh Depot Isi Ulang Air
through the water system Minum: badan usaha yang mengelola air
.Nowadays, refilled drinking minum untuk umum keperluan dalam
water has become a common jumlah besar dan tidak dikemas. Isi
choice by middle-income ulang bisnis air minum berkembang
people.The water is dengan baik karena harga air mineral
produced by the Drinking botolan yang lebih tinggi. Namun
Water Refilled Depot: a demikian proses air minum isi ulang
business entity that manages menggunakan teknologi yang sama
drinking water for public sebagai air mineral botolan. Namun,
purposes in bulk and not minum isi ulang air tidak menggunakan
packaged. The refilled biaya pengemasan dan distribusi.
drinking water business is
growing well due to the
higher price of bottled
mineral water. However, the
process of refill drinking
water uses the same
technology as bottled
mineral water. However,
refilled drinking water does
not use packaging and
distribution costs
II,III
Internal factors at risk for Faktor internal yang berisiko terhadap
bacteriological kontaminasi bakteriologis dalam air
contamination in refilled minum isi ulang dapat berasal dari
drinking water can be dirinya sendiri. Faktor internal termasuk
derived from itself. Internal kebersihan sanitasi. Kebersihan sanitasi
factors include sanitation depot adalah upaya untuk
hygiene. Depot sanitation mengendalikan faktor risiko
hygiene is an effort to control kontaminasi dari tempat, peralatan dan
the risk factor of penangan hingga air minum untuk
contamination from place, konsumsi yang aman. Berdasarkan data
equipment and handler to Dinas Kesehatan Kota Semarang 2016
drinking water for safe menunjukkan bahwa depo yang
consumption. Based on the memiliki sertifikat kebersihan sanitasi
data of the health office of hanya 2. Aspek sanitasi yang diamati
Semarang City 2016 shows oleh peneliti meliputi: Lokasi,
that the depot that has Penggunaan lampu ultra violet, Perilaku
certificate of sanitary saputangan. Dan faktor eksternal yang
hygiene is only 2. Aspects of berisiko terhadap kontaminasi
hygiene sanitation observed bakteriologis pada air minum isi ulang
by researchers include: adalah kontrol kualitas air minum yang
Location, Use of ultra violet dihasilkan oleh depot kurang optimal.
lamp, Behavior of Pengamatan ini dilakukan oleh Dinas
handkerchief. And External Kesehatan Kabupaten yang mencakup
factor at risk for inspeksi sanitasi.
bacteriological
contamination at refilled
drinking water is the quality
control of drinking water
produced by depot less than
optimal. This observation is
conducted by District Health
Office which includes
sanitation inspection.
4 Water, sanitation, and Mustafa Sikder, Umar Water, sanitation, and I,II Air, sanitasi, dan kebersihan (WASH)
hygiene access in Daraz, et.al. 2018. hygiene (WASH) are segera
southern Syria: analysis Water, sanitation, and immediate prioritas untuk kelangsungan hidup
of survey data and hygiene access in priorities for human survival manusia dan martabat dalam keadaan
recommendations for southern Syria: and dignity in emergencies. darurat. Intervensi WASH yang biasa
response analysis of survey WASH interventions diterapkan dalam tanggap darurat di
data and commonly implemented in rumah tangga dan fasilitas meliputi: 1)
recommendations for emergency response in pasokan air, termasuk konstruksi atau
response. Journal of households and facilities perbaikan infrastruktur air, dan
Water and Health include: 1) water supply, dukungan untuk operasi dan
including construction or pemeliharaan sistem; 2) pengolahan air,
repair of water infrastructure, termasuk mengoperasionalkan rencana
and support for operation and keselamatan air sederhana di tingkat
maintenance of systems; 2) pusat dan rumah tangga; 3) pembuangan
water treatment, including kotoran, sistem pembuangan limbah
operationalizing simple pendukung atau pembangunan fasilitas
water safety plans at central darurat; dan, 4) promosi praktik
and household levels; 3) kebersihan dan penyediaan item
excreta disposal, supporting IV kebersihan. Intervensi WASH dalam
sewage systems or pengaturan pendapatan menengah atau
constructing emergency perkotaan umumnya berfokus pada
facilities; and, 4) promotion mendukung infrastruktur skala besar
of hygiene practices and yang ada, sementara intervensi untuk
provision of hygiene items. populasi yang dipindahkan umumnya
WASH interventions in berfokus pada pembangunan fasilitas.
middle income or urban Cakupan WASH yang memadai dalam
settings generally focus on keadaan darurat dapat mencegah
supporting existing large- perpindahan, mengurangi risiko wabah,
scale infrastructure, while mengurangi risiko kekurangan gizi, dan
interventions for displaced memainkan peran mendasar dalam
populations generally focus martabat, perlindungan, kehadiran di
on facility construction. sekolah, dan mata pencaharian.
Adequate WASH coverage Intervensi WASH mengurangi risiko
in emergencies may prevent penyakit dan risiko penularan penyakit,
displacement, reduce risk of meskipun desain program, karakteristik
outbreaks, reduce risk of implementasi, dan aspek masyarakat
malnutrition, and play a dianggap penting untuk keberhasilan
fundamental role in program dalam tinjauan sistematis
dignity, protection, school terbaru.
attendance, and livelihoods .
WASH interventions reduce
both the risk of disease and
the risk of transmission of
disease, although program
design, implementation
characteristics, and
community aspects were
found critical to program
success in a recent systematic
review
5. Water Access, Sanitation, Tyler J. Gorham, Diarrheal illness was the I Penyakit diare adalah penyebab
and Hygiene Conditions Joshua Yoo, et al. underlying cause of roughly mendasar sekitar 1,5 juta kematian
and Health Outcomes 2017. Water Access, 1.5 million deaths globally secara global pada tahun 2012. Di
among Two Settlement in 2012. In low and middle negara-negara berpenghasilan rendah
Types in Rural Far North Sanitation, and income nations, inadequate dan menengah, akses yang tidak
Cameroon Hygiene Conditions access to safe water, poor memadai ke air bersih, kebersihan yang
and Health Outcomes hygiene, and unimproved buruk, dan tidak ditingkatkan
among Two sanitation conditions (also kondisi sanitasi (juga dikenal sebagai
Settlement Types in known as the WASH paradigma WASH) bertanggung jawab
Rural Far North paradigm) are responsible atas 502.000 kematian per tahun: 58%
Cameroon, for 502,000 deaths per year: dari semua kematian terkait penyakit
International Journal 58% of all diarrheal disease- diare di negara-negara ini. Sebagian
of Hygiene and related deaths in these besar dari beban ini adalah akibatnya
Environmental Health countries. Much of this penyakit diare, karena kondisi WASH
burden is the result of yang buruk berkontribusi pada
diarrheal illness, as poor penyebaran patogen gastrointestinal
WASH conditions melalui rute fecal-oral. Mengenai
contribute to the spread of kualitas air mikroba, penyumbang
gastrointestinal pathogens terbesar penyakit adalah kontaminasi
via mainly the fecal-oral tinja air minum dan sumbernya
route. Concerning microbial (sehingga menambah patogen enterik).
water quality, the largest Memutuskan siklus penularan ini
contributor to illness is fecal membutuhkan peningkatan dalam
contamination of drinking kebersihan (seperti perilaku mencuci
water and its sources tangan),
(thereby adding enteric
pathogens).
Breaking this transmission
cycle requires improvements
in hygiene (such as
handwashing behaviors),
sanitation facilities, and/or
improved drinking water
sources and treatment

high-qualityWASH
interventions have proven to
be effective in combatting intervensi WASH telah terbukti efektif
diarrheal illness. A recent I dalam memerangi penyakit diare.
meta-analysis found that Sebuah meta-analisis baru-baru ini
hygiene-based interventions, menemukan bahwa intervensi berbasis
such as hygiene education higiene, seperti kampanye pendidikan
campaigns and handwashing higiene dan promosi mencuci tangan,
promotion, may reduce the dapat mengurangi risiko penyakit diare
risk of diarrheal illness by sebesar 45%, dengan perkiraan risiko
45%, with a pooled estimated relatif yang dikumpulkan sebesar 0,55
relative risk of 0.55 (95% CI (95% CI 0,40-0,75). Namun, efek
0.40–0.75). However, this perlindungan ini dapat dikurangi di
protective effect may be pengaturan dengan akses terbatas ke air.
reduced in settings with Selanjutnya, rumah tangga, pengolahan
limited access to air titik penggunaan (perebusan,
water.Further, household, klorinasi, dll.) Di daerah pedesaan dapat
point-of-use water treatment mengurangi penyakit diare sebesar 39%.
(boiling, chlorination, etc.) in Pasokan air minum yang ditingkatkan
rural areas may reduce (seperti keran umum, lubang bor, mata
diarrheal illness by 39%. air yang dilindungi, atau air yang
Improved drinking water disalurkan langsung ke rumah) dapat
supplies (such as public taps, membantu mengurangi penularan
boreholes, protected springs, patogen enterik melalui pengolahan air
or water piped directly to minum atau perlindungan sumber air,
homes) may help reduce the tetapi uji coba secara acak yang
transmission of enteric mempelajari efektivitas intervensi
pathogens through drinking pasokan air adalah terbatas. Sayangnya,
water treatment or source dari 663 juta orang yang masih
water protection, but kekurangan akses ke sumber air minum
randomized trials studying yang lebih baik, hampir setengahnya
the effectiveness of water hidup di Afrika sub-Sahara
supply interventions are
limited. Unfortunately, of the
663 million people still
lacking access to an
improved source of drinking
water, nearly half live in sub-
Saharan Africa