Sie sind auf Seite 1von 26

TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE

TRANSFORMER Pag. 1/27


TCVT 72 - 525 kV

TCVT 72 - 525 kV

TRENCH
CAPACITIVE
VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER

Unrestricted 1
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 2/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

INDEX

GENERAL SAFETY WARNINGS……………………………………………………………………………….3

1. FOREWORD……………………………………………………………………………………………..……..4

2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION…………………………………………………………………………...……….4

3. NAMEPLATES……………………………………………………………….............................................8

4. SHIPMENT…………………………………………………………………………………………………….10

5. ACCEPTANCE AND UNLOADING………………………………………………………………………...10

6. MOVING TCVT WHEN SHIPPED IN HORIZONTAL POSITION (OPTION) ……………………………..12

7. MOVING TCVT WITHOUT PACKAGING ………………………………………………………………….13

8. STORAGE…………………………………………………………………………………………………….14

9. UNPACKING………………………………………………………………………………………………….14

10. INSTALLATION……………………………………………………………………………………………..15

11. GENERAL MAINTENANCE……………………………………………………………………………….22

12. HOW TO HANDLE ANOMALYES………………………………………………………………………...23

13. OIL SAMPLING FROM ELECTROMAGNETIC UNIT…………………………………………………...23

14. TRANSFORMER DISASSEMBLING……………………………………………………………………..25

15. CONTACTS………………………………………………………………………………………………….25

End of life treatment……………………………………………………………………………………………27

Unrestricted
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 3/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

GENERAL SAFETY WARNINGS

In order to avoid potentially dangerous situations operate as follow:

• ON ARRIVAL, CHECK THE TRANSFORMER AND ITS PAKAGE, ACCORDING TO THIS


PUBLICATION.
• ACT ACCORDING TO LAW PROVISIONS ABOUT ELECTRICAL DEVICES.
• FOLLOW SUBSTATION SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS, AND/OR PLANT PLACE SAFETY
INSTRUCTIONS AND/OR WAREHOUSE SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
• CAREFULLY FOLLOW OPERATIONS THAT ARE DESCRIBED IN THE PRESENT PUBLICATION.
• HANDLE WITH CARE, TO AVOID COLLISIONS, FOLLOW CURRENT HANDLING INDICATIONS.
• CONNECT TO EARTH ONE TERMINAL OF EACH SEPARATE SECONDARY WINDING.
• IN CASE OF OPEN DELTA CONNECTED SECONADY WINDINGS, EARTH THE SECONDARY
TERMINAL OF ONE OF THE THREE TRANSFORMERS ONLY.
• IF IT IS NECESSARY MAKE SOME INTERVENTIONS WHEN THE TRANSFORMER WORKING,
DISCONNECT IT: ACT WITH THE TRANSFORMER IS NOT IN TENSION AND SHORT CIRCUIT
THE VOLTAGE CAPACITOR.

Unrestricted 3
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE Pag. 4/27
TRANSFORMER
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

1. FOREWORD

This instruction book has the following purpose:

• to describe the capacitor voltage transformers TCVT series;

• to serve as a guide for transport, acceptance and commissioning of transformers;

• to enable the customer to check the status of the equipment when in service.

2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Capacitor voltage transformers TCVT series are designed for maximum service voltages from
72,5 to 525 kV.
A complete description of the transformer (electrical characteristics, actual dimensions and
masses) is contained in customers’ technical documents given by TRENCH Shenyang with each
order.

These voltage transformers are hermetically sealed and consist of one electromagnetic and
one capacitive unit.

Components described in page. 6-7-8 are reported in fig.1a-1b.

Unrestricted 4
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 5/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

Description
1 Electromagnetic unit
2
Capacitor divider

3
Secondary terminal box

4 Primary terminal
5
Earth clamping and relative plate

6 Carrier disconnecting switch handle (if foreseen)

7 Chocke coil disconnecting switch handle (if foreseen)

8 Nameplate
9 Capacitor divider plate
10 Primary terminal plate

EARTH CLAMP DETAIL (5)

Description
1 M 12 Nut
2 Washer
3 M 12X60 Screw

FIG.1a DETAIL 5

Unrestricted 5
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 6/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

Description
A
High Voltage primary terminal

C1
High voltage capacitor

C2 Intermediate voltage capacitor

CA
Carrier for high frequency transmission

F Antiferroresonance filter

N
Neutral-end primary connection

G Earth clamp

L
Compensating reactor

TV
Intermediate voltage transformer

S Surge arrester

B Low Voltage secondary terminals

CH Chocke coil

BL Stainless Steel Bellow

FIG.1b

Unrestricted 6
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 7/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

The electromagnetic unit:


is contained in the transformer base box and includes the following items (refer to appendix
diagrams :
TV = Inductive voltage transformer:

reduces the capacitor divider output voltage to the supply voltage required for metering and
protective instruments, etc.

The magnetic transformer operates at low induction and has auxiliary coils to supply the
ferroresonance damping filter and to allow ratio correction.

L = Variable inductance reactor:


to offset the leading capacitive reactance of the capacitor voltage divider.

F = Antiferroresonance filter:
damps any possible subharmonic, ferroresonance oscillation.

S = Surge arrester:
protects the medium voltage circuit from any kind of overvoltage.

CH = Chocke coil (if foreseen):

to shortcircuit electromagnetic unit supplied voltage.

The electromagnetic unit is sealed and the oil volume variations, caused from temperature
variations, are compensated by a nitrogen cushion.

In the transformer tank is placed a hermetically sealed aluminum box for cover and protect
the following components:

secondary terminal board made in epoxy resin; provided terminals are M5 threaded.

Unrestricted 7
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 8/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

CA = carrier (if foreseen):

it is made up of:

an usually 10 mH coil series-connected to capacitor to allow high frequency signal


transmission;

a surge arrester, parallel-connected to 10 mH coil;

a disconnecting switch parallel- connected to coil, used to short circuit carrier device and
avoid voltage contact for operator when secondary box will opened.

In the bottom of the box there is a plate which can be drilled to accommodate a cable gland.

The capacitive unit:


It consists in series-connected capacitive elements and made with PPR or PPR- Paper; it is
contained in a porcelain or in a composite insulator and it is insulated with synthetic fluid.
Capacitor is hermetically sealed; oil volume
variations caused from temperature variations are compensated by a suitable stainless steel
bellows.
For more information see fig. 8

3. NAMEPLATES

Capacitor divider nameplate (fig.2) is placed over insulator lower flange.

Transformer characteristics nameplate (fig.3) is placed on lateral side of electromagnetic unit


basebox.

Unrestricted 8
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 9/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

FIG. 2 FIG. 3
Every operation/ wiring must be made in compliance with nameplates values.
Primary terminal plate “A” is placed on top cap (fig.1a).
Earth clamp plate is placed near the clamp(fig. 1a).

Windings diagram plate is placed over secondary terminal box cover (fig.4).

Other nameplates may be provided (ex. carrier plate, chocke coil plate). For more informations
read customers’ technichal documents given by TRENCH ITALIA for each order.

FIG. 4
Unrestricted 9
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 10/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

4. SHIPMENT

TCVT are shipped from our factory only when they have passed all required tests and visual
inspections.

Transformers are shipped oil-filled and they must be always kept in vertical position
or tilted by more than 25° from the vertical even less horizontally shipment is not
specifically required (option).

The transformers are packaged taking into account the dimensions and masses listed in
customers’ technical documents given by TRENCH Shenyang.

Up to the 245 kV rating, the transformers are shipped as one piece units whereas those of 300
to 525 kV classes are divided in two assemblies: upper capacitive unit and lower capacitive unit
with magnetic unit.

5. ACCEPTANCE AND UNLOADING

On arrival and before accept it, to ascertain any damage which may have occurred
during transport, customer shall carefully inspect the transformer.

Particular attention should be given to the following parts (see fig.5):


• insulator (1);
• magnetic unit oil level gauge (2);

• secondary terminal box (3): it project out from the base tank and therefore is liable to be
bumped into;

•carrier and chocke coil disconnecting switch handles, if provided (4);

• electromagnetic unit oil drain plug (5)

• tightness of the gaskets between insulators and metal flanges, as well as between transformer
base box and secondary multi-lead bushing (6).

Unrestricted 10
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 11/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

DETAIL 2

FIG. 5

DET.2 Description DET.5 Description

1 Screw oil gauge M40x1.5 Oil drain plug Screw M16


3
Nomagnetic Stainless Steel

2 Benderite Gasket 4 Copper gasket

11

Unrestricted
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 12/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

Before shipment, the transformer is carefully cleaned so that any stain of oil detected on arrival
is a sign of a possible leakage.

If damage is ascertained, all parts as well as the packing shall be kept and a
claim shall be submitted to the forwarding agent. At the same time inform TRENCH
SHENYANG

To unload from the transportation means and to handle a transformer packaged in a case,
always sling the case using the holdfasts provided on the upper part of the case.

6. MOVING TCVT WHEN SHIPPED IN HORIZONAL POSITION (OPTION)

After package has been removed, raise transformer to the vertical position: use provided
eyebolts placed on TCVT top cap.
During this operation, transformer base must be blocked (See fig. 6).

Attention: TCVT can be installed only 12 hours after erection in vertical position.

Attention:
Oil level gauge must always FIG. 6
face downwards

Unrestricted 12
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 13/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

7. APPARATUS MOVING WITHOUT PACKAGING (Fig. 7)

7.1 transformers shipped as one-piece: sling the transformers using the lifting holes (1).

Fix together the four lifting slings, with a rope, over the insulator’s upper flange so
as to prevent any over-turning of the slinged transformer (2);

7.2 transformers divided for shipment in two parts:


lift the lower capacitor part assembled with the magnetic unit as explained for the transformer
head so as to prevent any over-turning(1).

Lift the top part using 4 eyebolts (3) to be applied to the (usually) M16x30 mm holes
provided on the top cover (4).

The two assembled units must not moved assembled.

Unrestricted 13
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 14/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

FIG. 7

8. STORAGE

If the voltage transformers are not installed at once, it is recommended to store


them still packed and in vertical position.

9. UNPACKING

Open the case only when the transformer will be installed. Remove the cover of the case
first, then one side, being careful to not damage the oil level gauge and the insulator.

Unrestricted 14
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 15/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

10. INSTALLATION

Before erection, the transformer shall be visually inspected carefully again as specified
under section 4.

If windings continuity needs to be checked, apply to TCVT at least 2 % of nominal voltage to


have an appreciable voltage measure.

To erect the transformer, proceed as follows:

• check the conformity of the transformer drilling on its base and which that is on the
support;

• sling the voltage transformer using lifting holes provided on its base proceeding as
specified in chapter 5;

• place the voltage transformer on the supporting structure and fix it using bolts M16;

• in the event of transformers that have been shipped divided into two parts, it shall be
assembled by bolting the junction flanges (with a torque of 1.5 kgm).

When the two parts are assembled, observe the serial numbers shown on the
individual parts. Before connecting the upper section to the lower one it is necessary to
remove the protection cap on the top of lower transformer part, paying attention not to
damage the bellows (oil volume variation compensator).
For more information see fig.8.

Unrestricted 15
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 16/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

1 2

3 4

5 6

1. Before starting the operations, remove the protection cap on the top of lower section;
2. During these operations pay attention not to damage the bellow (capacitor divider oil volume
variation compensator);
3. Lift the upper section;
4. Line up the junction flanges;
5. Place the screws for line up further the junction flanges;
6. Set definitively upper section and tighten the screws with a torque of 1,5 kgm.

FIG. 8

Unrestricted 16
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 17/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

• make the connection to the earth terminal, provided on the base, using a copper stranded
rope having an indicative diameter of 10 to 15 mm;

• remove and drill the plate provided at the bottom of the secondary terminal box for fixing the
cable gland, place in its original position and mount the gland;

• make the connections of the metering and protection circuits to the secondary terminal
block (fig.9), according to the wiring diagram provided on the cover of the secondary terminal
box.
Use leads having a section proportionate to the current rating, the accuracy class and the length
of the circuit. As a guide, we inform that the secondary metering winding of our voltage
transformer is made with a conductor having a cross section area of 15 to 20 mm²;

• connect to earth one terminal of each separate secondary winding using the suitable
earth terminal provided in the secondary terminal box (fig.9).
This is made to avoid that the secondary winding takes a dangerous electrostatic potential.

In the event of delta connected secondary windings, earth the secondary terminal of one
of the three transformers only.

If the last warning will not be respected, the windings will be in short circuit and
they will be damaged.

Unrestricted 17
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 18/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

FIG. 9

• connect the primary winding of the transformer to the system.


Normally, the voltage transformer has a plain stud Ø40x80 mm fitted on top of the capacitor
voltage divider. A different stud may be provided only if specifically requested. The earth-end
terminal of the primary winding of the intermediate voltage transformer is already connected
inside the transformer tank.

If optional carrier circuit is not provided, verify who HF terminal be connected to


earth, if it's not used for transmission (fig. 9a).

• If optional carrier circuit is provided (fig. 9b), connect terminal HF to high frequency
transmission circuit.

Unrestricted 18
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 19/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

FIG. 9a
Secondary box without optional carrier circuit

FIG. 9b
Secondary box whit optional carrier circuit

Unrestricted 19
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 20/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

pay attention to disconnecting switch position (carrier and choke coil), if


foreseen, before energize the transformer (fig.10-11) .

OPENED CARRIER DISCONNECTING CLOSED CARRIER DISCONNECTING


SWITCH SWITCH

FIG. 10

OPENED CHOCKE COIL DISCONNECTING CLOSED CHOCKE COIL DISCONNECTING


SWITCH SWITCH

FIG. 11

Unrestricted 20
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 21/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

In event o f external carrier terminal, proceed as follow reported:

Remove the earthing wire and connect the terminal to carrier circuit (see fig. 11-B);

If the HF terminal will not be used, be sure that it is linked to the suitable earth wire.
(see fig. 11-B).

FIG. 11-B
12

13

14

Description

12 Carrier terminal (FIG. 11-B)

13 Carrier terminal earthing fixing nut (FIG. 11-B)

14
Carrier terminal earthing wire (FIG. 11-B)

Unrestricted 21
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 22/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

11. GENERAL MAINTENANCE

As a rule, the sealed transformers TCVT series do not need any maintenance, except for
external cleaning, depending on the ambient conditions and according to the practice used for
other S/S equipment (circuit breakers, disconnecting switches, etc.).

Normally, a simple visual inspection of the outside of the transformer is sufficient to


ascertain its condition.

During inspections observe the oil level gauge of the magnetic unit and the oil shall stay at
middle gauge level. In some exceptional events, for example when the transformer has been
out of service for some time at a very low temperature, the level may be lower than the minimum
zone, although the condition of the voltage transformer remaining perfectly normal. During
service the surface of the insulator sheds gets always covered with deposits (dust, soot, salts,
etc.) which may appreciably decrease the external dielectric withstand of the equipment.

Cleaning for the above surfaces does not require any particular system or servicing tool. Use
what normally foreseen for similar apparatus

Ordinarily, it is not needed to check oil conditions as pollution is avoided by the sealed
construction.

The capacitive unit of the voltage transformer shall never and for no reason to open.

If an oil sample is to be taken from the magnetic unit of the transformer, proceed as specified in
paragraph 9.

Unrestricted 22
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 23/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

12. HOW TO HANDLE ANOMALYES

12.1 Oil leakage

A shortcoming that might develop with time and impair the operation of voltage transformer is oil
leakage. It is indicated by evident external signs and by a depression of the oil level in
electromagnetic unit.

In the event of leakage, after locating the damage, act with the promptness suggested by the
extent of the leakage.

12.2 Oil leakage from insulator end

These kinds of oil leakage denote a deterioration of the gasket placed between metal parts
and insulator: in this event it must be replaced in our factory.

12.3 Leakage from oil level gauge of electromagnetic unit

Tighten the same level with a key 55 mm. If this is not sufficient it is necessary to replace
gaskets; contact TRENCH Shenyang.

12.4 Insulator breakage

If the breakage has caused oil leakage from the capacitor, send back the transformer to
TRENCH Shenyang.

Unrestricted 23
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 24/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV
13. OIL SAMPLING FROM ELECTROMAGNETIC UNIT

As a rule, there is no need to check insulating oil conditions and its dielectric strength: the
transformer is a hermetically sealed construction, which maintains the quality of the oil
unchanged for a long time.

If however a small sample of oil (no more than 0,5 liter in the whole transformer life)
is to be drained,
TRENCH ITALIA advise to take it from suitable point on electromagnetic unit cover
(fig.12) in a protected environment, proceeding as follows:

• get a drain kit with syringe, probe and test tube made with mineral oil resistant material;

• clean carefully the plug using trichloroethylene;

• remove plug and copper gasket;

• introduce in the hole the probe applied to the syringe and make the drain; make sure that the
sample will remain in a sealed test tube;

• apply new copper gasket and re- assemble the plug.

Description

1 Oil check plug


2
Copper gasket

FIG. 12

Unrestricted 24
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 25/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

14. TRANSFORMER DISASSEMBLING

Complete transformer disassembling entails the drainage of the insulating oil and the exposure
of the active internal parts of the transformer to atmosphere. Consequently the transformer
cannot be reassembled without a preventive thermal treatment under high vacuum and an
insulation test of the high voltage winding.

All these operations must be performed by the experienced personnel at our factory.

15. CONTACTS

For any need you may contact us at:

No.2 Jingshenxisan Str.


Daoyi Economic Development Zone,
Shenyang
110136

Phone +86 24 88923999


Fax +86 24 89737200

Unrestricted 25
TRENCH CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER Pag. 27/27
TCVT 72 - 525 kV

End of life treatment


High voltage transformer type TCVT (GIF line)
Legal requirements: European waste catalogue and hazardous waste list
Commission Decision 2008/98/CE

To transformer and/or its components disposal and recycling, follow table below.
It is recommended to recycle, when it is possible.

Kind of waste Kind of material EWC Code


Transformer assembled, - 16 02 14
without insulating oil
Transformer assembled , - 16 02 13*
with insulating oil
Liquid Mineral oil(1) 13 03 07*
Liquid Synthetic oil(2) 13 03 08*
Aluminium and aluminium alloy 17 04 02
Copper 17 04 01
Solid – metallic Iron and iron alloy 17 04 05
Ferromagnetic coil(3) 16 02 15*
Copper cable 17 04 10*
Porcelain hollow insulator (without 17 01 07
aluminium alloy flanges)

Porcelain hollow insulator with 16 02 16


aluminium alloy flanges
Composite hollow insulator (with
Solid non metallic and/or without aluminium alloy flanges) – made
16 02 16
of glassfiber reinforced polymer tube with silicon
rubber sheds

Plastics(4) impregnated in oil 16 02 15*


Paper impregnated in oil 16 02 15*
Wood package 15 01 03

(1): into electromagnetic unit (EMU)


(2): into capacitor divider unit (insulator)
(3): made of Fe-Si alloy or Fe-Ni alloy
(4): e.g.: ABS, EPDM, PTFE, polypropylene terephthalate, hostaphan, bakelite…

Unrestricted 26