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Gas Condensate Reservoir Analysis

Phase Behavoir
Gas condensate field produce mostly gas, with some liquid dropout,
frequently occurring in the separator. The phase diagram shows the
retrograde gas field must have a temperature higher than the critical
point temperature. The vertical line on the phase diagram shows the
phase changes in the reservoir, while the curve line shows these
changes as the fluid cools going up the wellbore and into the
separator.
In both cases, liquids drop out as the pressure drops below dew point
pressure.
With the retrograde condensate, the %liquid begins to increase to
point "A" then decreases with further pressure declines. Thus the
name "retrograde" meaning to retreat or go back. So first
condensation and then vaporization occurs, and this vaporization can
help in further recovery of liquids.

Any hydrocarbon above the dew point line is 100% gas. Any hydrocarbon above the
bubble point line is 100% liquid. Hydrocarbons above the bubble point line and close to
the critical point are volatile oils. The cricondentherm is the maximum temperature
which two phase flow can exist (maximum temperature on the dew point line of the
phase diagram). But a field may have both a oil leg and gas cap, which during depletion
produces some condensate from the gas.
Fields with active water drive may experience little pressure declines, so condensation
occurs only at surface and a constant GLR would be expected.
Specific gravity and hydrocarbons in place

Recovery estimates
In cases where an active water drive will support pressure, so condensation occurs in
the surface separators, the conventional volumetric estimates of gas recovery are
possible, where Er=(nitial gas volume - final gas volume)/ final gas volume. This is the
ultimate or displacement recovery. A sweep factor can be added, since so: Er = (Gi-
Gf)/Gi*F.
An example of material balance which includes gas condensate production is given in
Craft and Hawkins, page 82.