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(G.R. No.

73748 - May 22, 1986) In view of the foregoing, the petitions are hereby
(There is no "Full-Text" of this case. This is a Minute
Resolution made by the SC.)
Very truly yours,
Minute Resolutions
Clerk of Court
PHILIPPINES AND/OR OLIVER A. LOZANO VS. * The Court was then composed of Teehankee, C.J. and Abad
PRESIDENT CORAZON C. AQUINO, ET AL. Santos., Melencio-Herrera, Plana, Escolin, Gutierrez, Jr.,
Cuevas, Alampay and Patajo, JJ.-----------------------------------------

Quoted hereunder, for your information, is a

resolution of this Court MAY 22, 1986. DIGEST

In G.R. No. 73748, Lawyers League for a Better FACTS:

Philippines vs. President Corazon C. Aquino, et al.; On February 25, 1986, President Corazon Aquino
G.R. No. 73972, People's Crusade for Supremacy of issued Proclamation No. 1 announcing that she and
the Constitution vs. Mrs. Cory Aquino, et al., and Vice President Laurel were taking power.
G.R. No. 73990, Councilor Clifton U. Ganay vs. On March 25, 1986, proclamation No.3 was issued
Corazon C. Aquino, et al., the legitimacy of the
government of President Aquino is questioned. It is providing the basis of the Aquino government
claimed that her government is illegal because it assumption of power by stating that the "new
was not established pursuant to the 1973 government was installed through a direct exercise
Constitution. of the power of the Filipino people assisted by units
of the New Armed Forces of the Philippines."
As early as April 10, 1986, this Court* had
already voted to dismiss the petitions for the
reasons to be stated below. On April 17, 1986, ISSUE:
Atty. Lozano as counsel for the petitioners in Whether or not the government of Corazon Aquino
G.R. Nos. 73748 and 73972 withdrew the is legitimate.
petitions and manifested that they would pursue
the question by extra-judicial methods. The
withdrawal is functus oficio. HELD:
Yes. The legitimacy of the Aquino government is not
The three petitions obviously are not impressed with a justiciable matter but belongs to the realm of
merit. Petitioners have no personality to sue and politics where only the people are the judge.
their petitions state no cause of action. For the
legitimacy of the Aquino government is not a
 The Court further held that:
justiciable matter. It belongs to the realm of politics
where only the people of the Philippines are the  The people have accepted the Aquino
judge. And the people have made the judgment; government which is in effective control of
they have accepted the government of President the entire country;
Corazon C. Aquino which is in effective control of  It is not merely a de facto government but in
the entire country so that it is not merely a de fact and law a de jure government; and
factogovernment but is in fact and law a de jure  The community of nations has recognized
government. Moreover, the community of nations the legitimacy of the new government.
has recognized the legitimacy of the present
government. All the eleven members of this Court,
as reorganized, have sworn to uphold the
fundamental law of the Republic under her