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# DESIGN OF

ELEVATED
CIRCULAR
WATER
TANK

by
Faculty of Civil Engineering
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
1
2 Main Structural Element
3 1. Skylight Opening
2. Roof Dome
4 3. Ring Beam 1
7 5 4. Cylindrical Wall
6 5. Ring Beam 2
8 6. Conical Wall
9 10 7. Tank Slab
8. Curve Beam
11 9. Cross Beams
10. Column
12 11. Bracing
12. Foundation
Skylight Opening
Main elements :
1. Circular slab
- Tangential moment
- Shear force
2. Curve beam
- Bending moment
- Shear force
- Torsional moment
3. Short column
4. Ring beam
- Hoop tension
Meridian
Roof Dome
Force, Nf Hoop Force, Nq

a
f

sin2f sin2f

## Nq = - w R ( cos f – cos a – cos f ) + P sin a

sin2f sin2f
Calculation of membrane forces in
roof dome
radius, R = 29.8 m Recommended
W = 3.63 kN/m2 P= 3.43 kN/m dome thickness
d d/r Y(deg) Y(rad) KOS Y SIN Y N(pai) N(teta)
Span Thickness
(m) (kN/m) (kN/m)
0.605 0.020 1.163 0.020 1.000 0.020 -168.949 60.797 (m) (mm)
1.105 0.037 2.125 0.037 0.999 0.037 -88.536 -19.564 12 - 18 75
1.605 0.054 3.087 0.054 0.999 0.054 -70.446 -37.571
2.105 0.071 4.051 0.071 0.998 0.071 -63.642 -44.261
18 - 24 90
2.605 0.087 5.015 0.088 0.996 0.087 -60.386 -47.374 24 - 30 100
3.105 0.104 5.981 0.104 0.995 0.104 -58.595 -48.990 30 - 36 130
3.605 0.121 6.948 0.121 0.993 0.121 -57.521 -49.858
4.105 0.138 7.918 0.138 0.990 0.138 -56.841 -50.302
4.605 0.155 8.890 0.155 0.988 0.155 -56.396 -50.478 Span Thickness at
5.105 0.171 9.864 0.172 0.985 0.171 -56.103 -50.472 (m) ring beam
5.605 0.188 10.841 0.189 0.982 0.188 -55.912 -50.331 (mm)
6.105 0.205 11.822 0.206 0.979 0.205 -55.795 -50.085
6.605 0.222 12.806 0.224 0.975 0.222 -55.732 -49.752
12 - 18 180
7.105 0.238 13.793 0.241 0.971 0.238 -55.711 -49.343 18 - 24 200
7.605 0.255 14.786 0.258 0.967 0.255 -55.724 -48.868
24 - 30 250
8.105 0.272 15.782 0.275 0.962 0.272 -55.766 -48.330
8.605 0.289 16.784 0.293 0.957 0.289 -55.832 -47.734
30 - 36 290
Ring Beam 1
Design for :
Vertical thrust,
N = Nf sinf Hoop or Ring
Nf from roof
dome
Tension force,
Ft = H .r
f where,
Horizontal thrust,
H = Nf cosf r = tank radius
Cylindrical Wall
Design for,
1. Ring tension force
2. Bending moment
3. Shear force
Crack width calculation,
1. Direct tension
2. Flexural tension
3. Thermal & Shrinkage
Ring Beam 2

Design for,
Ring tension force due
to water pressure and
Crack width calculation,
Direct tension
Thermal & Shrinkage
Conical Wall
Design for,
thrust
2. Hoop or ring tension
force
water ring beam Crack width calculation,
pressure
Direct tension
Thermal & Shrinkage
selfweight
Tank Slab
curve beam Analysis,
- as isoceles triangular
column
two way slab.

Design for,
- bending moment
column
- shear force.
cross beam
Crack width calculation,
- flexural tension
- thermal and shrinkage
Cross Beam & Curved Beam

Cross Beam,
- bending moment
- shear force

Curve Beam
- bending moment
- shear force
- torsional moment
Column & Bracing
Column