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SECTION:____________________________________
MODULE #2: APPLICATION OF FUNCTIONS
EXAMPLE #4: Joey is 5 years older than Ken.
GETTING READY:
a. In 2012, Joey was 18 years old, how old was
Ken then?
b. Write a function “K” that represents the age
of Ken.
ANS:
a. Ken was 13 years old

b. f(K)=x-5 On the given statement on b, the age of


Ken (y) is dependent to the age of Joey
(x).

If the statement is reverse into: Write the function “J”


that represents the age of Joey, we can
have f(J)=x+5, since, we are looking for
the age of Joey we need to depend on
the given age of Ken.
Being familiar with the basic mathematical
keywords is important in translating mathematical
DEFINITION
problems into equation. Here are some examples of
A piecewise function or a compound function is
translating word problems into equation using the
a function defined by multiple sub-functions, where
keywords listed above.
each sub-function applies to a certain interval of the
main function’s domain.
EXAMPLE #1: The sum of x and 5 is y
EXAMPLE #5: A regular fare in jeepney is 8php for 4
SOLUTION
kilometers and additional 1php for the succeeding km.
The keyword “sum” is the outcome when two or more
Write a piecewise function “J” that represents the
quantities are added.
situation.
x+5=y
Let x be the distance travelled by the jeepney.
EXAMPLE #2: Twice the difference of x and 4 is y
In this case we need to figure out the difference of two 8 𝑖𝑓 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 4
or more quantities before doubling the result. 𝑓(𝐽) = {
𝑥+8 𝑖𝑓 𝑥 > 4
2(x-4)=y
EXAMPLE #6: There is no tax on income up to
REAL LIFE APPLICATION OF FUNCTIONS 20,000php. Income over 20,000php and up to
Functions are used whenever one variable depends 45,000php is taxed at 12%. Income over 45,000php is
on another variable. Where the value of y depends on taxed at 18%. Write a piecewise function (T) that
x., or simply y is a function of x. represents the computed income tax.

EXAMPLE #3: Let x be the income to be taxed.


The daily profit of an ice cream vendor depends on the
number of ice cream sold. Suppose that the profit of an 0 𝑖𝑓 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 20,000
ice cream vendor per ice cream is 3php. 𝑓(𝑇) = {. 12𝑥 𝑖𝑓 20,000 < 𝑥 ≤ 45,000
. 18𝑥 𝑖𝑓 𝑥 > 45,000
# of Ice Profit The table shows the daily
Cream Sold profit of an ice cream
EXAMPLE #7: Jen has a commission of 12php for every
0 0 vendor, we can easily
dress she sells. After selling 10 dresses her commission
1 3 observe the relationship of
will now increases by 2 pesos. Write a piecewise
2 6 the # of ice cream sold to
function (C) that represents the commission of Jen in
the daily profit of the ice
10 30 selling dresses.
cream vendor.
25 75
If we expressed the daily profit of an ice cream vendor Let x be the number of dress sold.
into equation or function we will have
12𝑥 𝑖𝑓 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 10
𝑓(𝐶) {
ANS: y=3x or f(x) = 3x 120 + 2(𝑥 − 10) 𝑖𝑓 𝑥 > 10

We know that the profit (represented by y) is depends After selling 10 dresses her total commission is 120php
on the number of ice cream sold (represented by x). to be added on her increased commission which is now
2php per dress she sells.