Sie sind auf Seite 1von 5

FINAL EXAM IN LANGUAGE, CULTURE AND SOCIETY

J. H. Cerilles State College- Dumingag Campus


Dumingag, Zamboanga del Sur

Name : _________________________________________________Score : _______________


Course and Year : ________________________________________ Date : _______________

Test I. True or False. Directions : Write T if the statement is true, F if it is false. Write your answer on the space
provided.
________1. For the most part, the terms “linguistic anthropology” and “anthropological linguistics” mean exactly the
same thing, and neither to be preferred over the other.
________2. Natural language itself is not ambiguous; it is people who misinterpret things that case problems.
________3. According to Boas, there is no intrinsic connection between race, language, and culture.
________4. Almost everywhere in the world everyone is monolingual or monodialectal, just as in America.
________5. No language is really more complex or simpler or easier than any other; no language is harder or easier to
learn any other.
________6. While linguists are primarily interested in the structure of languages, linguistic anthropologists study the
relationship between language on the one hand and culture and society on the other.
________7. The reason all anthropologists enjoy fieldwork is that living in the fields places no demand on them that they
must adjust to.
________8. The native speaker from whom the research collects linguistic(or cultural)data is referred to as an informer.
_________9.One characteristic that sets anthropology apart from other social science is a strong fieldwork component..
________10.In the initial phases of fieldwork, the anthropologist prefers to use people who have had extended
experience in the anthropologist’s own society.
_________11.In the initial phases of linguistic fieldwork, anthropologists endeavor to use informants who speak
different dialects of the language studied.
_________12.Unwritten languages of small tribal societies are primitive because these languages have little or no
grammar.
_________13.Vocabularies of the languages of some small tribal societies may not be an extensive as the vocabulary of,
say, English, but are sufficient to serve the needs of the groups using them.
_________14. American English has more vowel phonemes than consonant phonemes.
_________15. English spelling and spoken English are well correlated; the writing system of English is therefore
particularly suitable for careful linguistic work with unwritten languages.
_________16.In the production of vowels, the air that escapes through the mouth (and the nose in the case of nasalized
vowels) is relatively unimpeded.
_________17.The syllable written as ma has four different meaning in Mandarin Chinese depending on the type of pitch
contour the speaker employs.
_________18.The English words guy and thigh represent a minimal pair , that is, they vary from each other in one sound
only.
_________19.The term emic refers to an analytical approach based on data received from native informants, that is, it is
a culture-specific (language-specific) approach.
_________20. English as spoken in Great Britain, the United States and Canada differs somewhat from one dialect to the
next with regards to vowel pronunciation.
_________21. Articulation of all the sounds in the languages of the world takes place between the glottis (the elongated
space between the vocal cords) and the lips.
_________22. In an analysis of an unwritten language, phonemic transcription precedes phonetic transcription.
_________23. Native speakers who no not observe the proper grammatical rules (they may say, for example, “I ain’t” or
he don’t know nothing”) are not used as informants by linguists and linguistic anthropologists.

_________24. The study of phonemic differences between various forms of morpheme is termed morphophonemic.
_________25. Morphology is the study of the origin of words.
_________26. Linguistics units that have a meaning but contain no smaller meaningful parts are called morphemes.
_________27. The requirement that vowels within a word have a certain similarity results in what in termed vowel
harmony.
_________28. Ameslan (American Sign Language) has two signing systems that complement each other.
_________29. All existing instances of whistle speech are based on languages that have distinctive tones.
_________30. In theory, proxemics behavior varies form society (culture) to society; however the proxemics behaviors
of some societies do not appreciably differ.
_________31. Plains Indian sign language developed to supplement the relatively poor vocabularies of languages of the
tribes in this culture area.
_________32. What is being said, and the kinesic behavior accompanying it, can be conflict.
_________33. The so-called whistle speech of the Mazateco people of Mexico is so efficient that the subject matter of
their communicative whistling can easily be identified out of contact.
_________34. The four zones of interpersonal space discussed by Edward T. Hall in his study of proxemics are
universal.
_________35. Honeybees are able to communicate the location and approximate distance of an abundant source of
nectar immediately after hatching; they do not have to learn how to do it.
_________36. Young chimpanzees can learn to say several dozen words, but when they become adult they do not teach
their young to speak.
_________37. The discontinuity theory of language evolution holds that human language must be recognized as unique,
without evolutionary antecedents.
_________38. Interspecific communication-that is, transmission of signals between members of different species-is farm
from rare.
_________39. The design feature of displacement is unique of only to humans and some of the higher apes.
_________40. One amazing thing about languages is that in each a limited number of constructive sounds-only several
dozen on the advantage-make up tens of thousands of individual words.
_________41. It is reasonable to assume that the Cro-Magnons, who lived some 30, 0000 years before the present and
were known for their cave art, had a full-fledge language or nearly so.
________42. The term pre language refers to the stage in the development of language that preceded full-fledge
language; protolanguage refers to an assumed or reconstructed fully developed language.
________43. It is safe to assume that the australopithecines had some sort of a multimodal system of communication.
________44. It appears that the ability of the higher primates to communicate must have been an important evolutionary
step forwards the development of speech in humans.
________45. Most countries in the world are monolingual, like the United States.
________46. Usually children cannot learn to discriminate speech sounds until the age of 18 months or more.
________47. According to Noam Chomsky, it ins unimaginable that a highly specific, abstract, and tightly organized
language comes by accident in the mind of every four-year-old child.
________48. From what is now known, all speech impairments are traceable to lesions in one particular part of the
language-dominant hemisphere of the human brain.
________49. The most widely accepted theory concerning language acquisition holds that all infants are born with some
kind of language acquisition device that enables them to learn whatever their mother tongue happens to be.
________50. The use of two distinct varieties of a language for the same function is called diglossia.

God bless everyone and good luck


Ma’am Suzette Haya Hortilano
BRING HOME ACTIVITY
Name :________________________________________Score _________
Course and Year __________________________________________ Date : __________
True/ False
________1. Glottochronology is a reliable method of dating absolutely the time at which two or more related languages
began to undergo independent development.
________2. The term language family refers to all those languages whose speakers belong to the same culture area, that
is, have similar cultures.
________3. Languages change, but change slowly-the Old English poem Beowulf is still intelligible to speakers of
Modern English.
________4. A language isolate is a language that, although related to other languages, is spoken some distance from
them.
________5. Dealing with linguistic phenomena as they exist at a specific point of time, without regard to historical
antecedents, is referred to as the synchronic approach.
________6. A protolanguage (the assumed or reconstructed language of a language family) cannot be reconstructed
unless one has good records from the distant past of some of the languages making up that language family.
________7. The English words illegal, immoral, and irresponsible illustrate assimilation.
________8. English has never been very hospitable to words of foreign origin.
________9 . Accent and dialect are terms that refer to the same linguistic phenomenon.
________10. An idiolect is the speech variety of an individual.
________11. A creole that has become the first language of a first community ( that is a mother tongue of the members
of a community ) is referred to as a pidgin.
________12. Today, more people in the world speak Indo-European languages than speak languages of any other
language family.
________13. There are about 3,000 known languages in the world today, and only a handful of pidgins and creoles
________14. There are a number of instances when two languages are mutually intelligible but not considered to be
dialects of one language.
Test II. Multiple-Choices . Directions : Read each item carefully and write on the space the letter which corresponds to
the correct answer.
___1. The person who is said to be the “founding father” of American anthropology is
A. Edward Sapir B. Dell Hymes C. Franz Boas D. Karl V. Teeter
___2. Anthropology as a recognized science began in which century.
A. Eighteenth Century. B. Seventeenth Century. C. Nineteenth Century
D. Twentieth Century E. Twenty First Century
___3. According to Edward Sapir it is the ________.
A. Syntax B. Vocabulary C. Grammar that more or less faithfully reflects the culture whose purposes
it serves.
___4. During the last seventy years, the percentage of monolingual and bilingual Mexican Indians has been steadily
declining in favor of Spanish by about what percent?
A. From 16 percent in 1930 to about 7 percent in 2005.
B. From 10 percent in 1930 to 1 percent 2005.
C. There actually has been not much change.
D. Spanish has for the most part replaced almost all indigenous language.
___5. Lexical specialization, that is, a large inventory of words pertaining particular domain, is found in which of the
following instances?
A. The Agta of the Philippines have pines have over thirty different verbs referring to types of fishing.
B. The natives of the German city of Munich are said to have over seventy terms referring to the local varieties
of beer.
C. Americans have a hundred or so different names for makes and types of automobiles.
D. Only two of the preceding three choices are true.
E. All three choices. A-C are true
____6. There are still hundreds of languages about which linguists and anthropologists know relatively or nothing at all.
For the most part such languages are found in (A)Irian jaya .(B)Papua New Guuinea.(C)the Amazon basin in South
America .(D)only two of the areas mentioned.(E)all three of the areas mentioned.
____7. For initial fieldwork in linguistic anthropology concerning, for example, Native American languages,
experienced anthropologists tend to choose a native informant(consultant)who(A)is of opposite sex.(B)has had good
exposure to the larger society surrounding the tribal society being studied.(C)is young and easily approachable.(D)giving
up one’s ethnic identity.
____8. Which of the following statements having to do with obtaining data for little known language is lead
acceptable?(A)The informant should be an older person who is in active participant in his or her culture.(B)Recording a
spontaneous conversation between two native speaker yields good material during the initial stages of fieldwork.(C)Tape
recording of linguistic data (with the permission of the informant )are extremely helpful.(D)In the advanced stages of
fieldwork ,using informants of several age groups and both genders is highly advisable.
____9. When the vocal cords are drawn together and made to vibrate, they produce (A) voice sounds (B) voiceless
sounds. (C) the glottal stop.
___10. The p-sounds in the English words peak and speak are (A) two allophones of one phoneme. (B) two different
phonemes. (C) in complementary distribution. (D) Of the three choices above only two are acceptable. (E). Of the three
choices above only one is acceptable.
___11. The contrast between the emic and etic perspectives in linguistics and linguistic anthropology has been extended
also to (A) folklore. (B) archeology. (C) cultural anthropology (D) This approach has been extended to all three subfields
listed here.
___12. The sounds written as [b] is (A) uvular (B) bilabial (C) dental (D) None of these above.
___13. Which among the following statements is indefensible? (A) Each language has a characteristics phonemic
system. (B) The grammars of unwritten languages of small tribal societies are invariably simpler than grammars of
languages of large established societies. (C) The production of speech sounds is an exceedingly complex process
involving some one hundred muscles as well as their. (D) Native speakers of a language use it efficiently even though
they may know nothing about its structure.
___14. How many different morphemes (not how many morphemes) are there in the following sentence: “She cooks
tasty soups and stews.”? (A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10
___15. What are the total number morphemes on the preceding sentence? (A) 7 (B) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10.
___16. The English word undesirable contains (A) one prefix (B) one suffix (C) two affixes (D) three affixes (E) two of
the above choices apply (F) three of the above choices, A-D, apply.
___17. Which of the following English words listed below has a zero allomorph of the plural morpheme? (A) syllabus
(B) mouse (C) ox. (D) sheep (E) zero
___18. The sentence “dogs bite thieves” contains (A) three free morphemes (B) one bound morpheme (C) two bound
morphemes (D) Only one of the three choices;
___19. The use of gestures to accompany speech is referred to as (A) kinesics (B) proxemics (C) paralinguistic
___20. Which of the following nonverbal systems of communication is derived from spoken language rather than from
its written form? (A) Morse code. (B) Braille (C) Mazateco whistle speech
___21. Ordinary business transaction are customarily performed at what proxemics distance? (A) Personal (B) Public (C)
Social-consultive.
___22. Finger spelling is employed (A) Plains Indian sign language. (B) American sign Language. (C) kinesics behavior.
___23. During an exchange between two people, the use of silence by one of them may turn out (A)to be threatening. (B)
to be a means of relaxing potential tension (C) to mean “no” (D) Depending on the circumstances, it may serve any of
the three functions.
___24. The channels used in kinesics behavior is (are) (A) olfactory (B) acoustic (C) optical (D) two of the preceding
choices are applicable.
___25. Of all the design features of language, the one that appears to be most distinctly and uniquely human is (A)
broadcast transmission and directional reception (B) rapid fading (C) vocal- auditory channel (D) openness
(productivity)
___26. The fact that the four-legged domestic animal that barks is called dog in English Hund in German, pes in Czech,
and heO in Arapaho is the design feature referred to as (A) duality of patterning (B) displacement (C) arbitrariness (D)
complete feedback
___27. Which of the following statements having to do with communicative behavior among the great apes is not
acceptable? (A) The pygmy chimpanzees of central Africa appear to be more intelligent, sociable, and eager to lean than
common chimpanzees (B) Despite the well-known experiment of the Hayeses with the female chimpanzees