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Content

I. Fuel Gas System Introduction


II. Area of Units
III. Component introduction
IV. Operation main parameter
V. Control philosophy
VI. Problem Handling
I. Fuel Gas System introduction
1. Function of each unit

Unit Function
208-GPRMS The GPRMS is a gas pressure reducing and metering system.
G-for GAS
P-for Pressure The unit is used to accurately measure the flow rate, analyze gas composition, reduce
R-for reducing/regulating or regulate the gas pressure to wanted range.
M-for metering
S-for Station This unit also include filtering unit to remove impurity from the gas at the entrance of
the metering skid.

209-NG compressor station The Natural gas compressor station is mainly used to boost and regulate the gas
Include NG Compressor, MS pressure according to requirement of the GT.
& RS
This unit also include filtering unit to remove impurity from the gas at the inlet of
compressor skid.

210-Gas forwarding skid This unit is the last stage of filtration before gas enters the GT
2. Process Flow Diagram
II. Area of Untis-1
208 GPRMS
II. Area of Untis-2
209 NG station and 210 Coalescing Absolute filters
III. component introduction-1
208 GPRMS
III. component introduction-2
208 GPRMS
III. component introduction-3
209 MS
III. component introduction-4
209 PS
III. component introduction-5
210 GAS Forwarding Skid
III. component introduction-6
209 GAS Compressor
III. component introduction-7 209 GAS Compressor
IV. Operation main Parameter-1
CORE:
Function of the whole fuel gas system is to serve gas for the GT at right pressure, right range of
pressure vacillation, right purity, and right flow rate.

Skid Name Inlet Outlet Design parameters


(barg) (barg)

C1:10~12 Approx. 8-10bar

208 (GPRMS) C2:10~54 Approx. 8-16.5bar -20/60℃,62barg.

C3:33~54 Approx. 33~35bar


Future scenario

C1:7.8~9.8
Within 8~18.5
209(MS) C1:7.8~16.3 -20/60℃,62barg

C3: 32.8~34.8 Within 30~33barg


Future scenario
209 (RS) All 3 cases: 30~33 28~31barg -20/90℃,35barg

210(gas forwarding All 3 case 27.5~30.5 26.8~29.8barg -20/90℃,35barg


skid)
IV. Operation main Parameter-2
Skid Name Parameter Value

Condensate Tank level

208 (GPRMS) Filter pressure differential Normally


0.7bar to replace
Filter level Normally null
Condensate Tank level Normally null

209(MS) Filter pressure differential Normally


0.7bar to replace
Filter level Normally null
209 (RS) Outlet pressure Normally 26.8~29.8barg
Outlet temperature Normally 63~80 degree
Filter pressure differential Normally
0.7bar to replace
210(gas forwarding skid)
Filter level Normally null

CAUTION:
DO NOT ALLOW THE FILTER PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL TO EXCESS 2BAR, FILTER ELEMENT CAN RUPTURE.
IV. Operation main Parameter-3
Skid Name Parameter Value

Inlet pressure 8.5~10barg(@ compressor inlet)

Discharge pressure Norm.31~33 barg


Max. 43.7barg (trip)
Discharge temperature Norm. 63~80℃
Max.170℃ (trip)

Inlet separator level Norm.55~63cm


Compressor Max 70.8 cm(trip)

Seal vent pressure Normally below 1.2bar


1.72 bar to trip
Oil supply temperature Normally below 57℃
62.8℃ to trip
Oil supply pressure Normally 1.59barg
1.03bar to trip
Oil level Normally above 60cm
51cm to trip
V. Control philosophy-1
Important Control Loops

Skid Name Loop Description

Automatic on/off valves are used to control level of


filters.
Filter level control
High switch triggered: valve open
Low switch triggered: valve close

208 ESD valve will close automatically in the scenario of:


(GPRMS)
1) Press button is pressed from local control room
ESD 2) DCS command the valve to close
3) Over pressure
4) Fire (Optional)
Pressure control (Self actuated) SSV+monitor+active
V. Control philosophy-2
Pressure control loop
V. Control philosophy-3
Important Control Loops

Skid Name Loop Description

Automatic on/off valves are used to control level of filters.


Filter level
High switch triggered: valve open
Low switch triggered: valve close

209 Pressure control (Self actuated) SSV+active

ESD valve will close automatically in the scenario of:

ESD 1) Press button is pressed from DCS


2) Over pressure
3) Fire (Optional)
Automatic on/off valves are used to control level of filters.
210(gas forwarding Filter level
skid) High switch triggered: valve open
Low switch triggered: valve close
V. Control philosophy-4 Compressor control loops

Loop Purpose Description

ITV and IGV are used to control the pressure.


Compressor discharge To provide constant discharge pressure IGV is not going to open if the ITV is not fully opened.
pressure control under varying load or inlet conditions. When decrease in flow is required the IGV and ITV will both begin
closing.

When the process requirement of flow is Recycle valve will be activated to bring up the through flow of
Surge anticipation control
smaller than the surge flow limit. compressor, ITV and IGV will be activated to stabilized the pressure.

When the compressor is stopped or is about to start this valve is


Vent valve control Correct inlet pressure used to vent excessive pressure at inlet of the compressor.

IBV will be closed when there is no turbine demand.


Enhance the compressor’s ability to
Turbine demand Return valve position will be adjusted according to demand of the
respond to decreasing load reductions.
turbine.
After cooler temperature Control the outlet temperature of the A By-pass valve is used to control the outlet temperature of after
control after cooler cooler.
VI. Problem handling

Caution:
This Section only present possible problems from the perspective of
process system.

Each element in the system should have its own operation and maintenance
documents. For example, filters, flow meters, regulators, exchangers, boiler
room, ESD valves, compressor.

Safety introductions, maintenance instruction and fault handling


instructions provided by fuel gas system vendor( Isystems) and compressor
vendor (Atlas Copco) should be followed.
VI. Problem handling
No Problems Possible Reason Suggestions
1)Winterizaiton devices required. 1) Check if heat tracing is on if this occurs in bitterly cold weather.
Automatic drainage of filters
1 2)Valve malfunction. 2) Try to drain with manual valve.
doesn’t work
3) Follow automatic drainage valve supplier’s instruction.
1) Check how many gas detectors are alarming, do not panic if only one of them are alarming, Waite and
see if the alarm can stop by itself.
2) If more than 1 detector is alarming or the detector won’t stop, check if there is any noise from vent stack
1) Gas leakage or safety valves. If the detector is triggered by venting, it may stop soon. How ever the resource of
2 Gas detector alarm
2) Detector malfunction overpressure should be targeted ASAP.
3) If no venting is detected, check pressure and flow rate parameters to see if they are indicating pipe
rupture. (dramatic pressure drop, great flow increase)
4) Stop and isolate the system and conduct a leakage survey if necessary.
1) Check pressure and temperature of the circulating water.
1) Pump malfunction 2) If the temperature is normal and circulating pump is not working, try to start spare pump according
2) Strainer blockage to vendor’s instruction.
Loss of hot water of dew point 3) If the pump outlet pressure is normal, but temperature is low. Check if the boiler is running.
3 3) Boiler malfunction 4) Check if the fuel gas supply pressure is normal.
heater
4) Loss of fuel gas from fuel supply 5) Switch gas supply regulator or boiler to spare lines accordingly and consult related vendor
skid document.

1) Loss of cooling water


1) Check cooling water pressure. If water pressure is low check possible line breakage, valve
High Temperature at blockage and shortcut lines.
2) By-pass valve malfunction.
4 compressor outlet 2) Check set point for exchanger outlet temperature to see if it is too high.
3) Set point of the exchanger by-pass
3) Check the position of exchanger by-pass valve to see if it is malfunction.
valve is too low.
1) Set point of the exchanger by-pass
Low Temperature at
valve is too low. 1) Check set point for exchanger outlet temperature to see if it is too low.
5 compressor outlet
2) By-pass valve malfunction. 2) Check the position of exchanger by-pass valve to see if it is open

Note 1: It should be noted that though the compressor would sustain under very high temperature(170℃) 210 unit ‘s design temperature is only 90℃.
Excessive temperature is hazardous for Unit 210.

Note 2: Low temperature should influence GT performance, thus is an undesired situation.


The end.
Thank you!

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