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# POWER SYSTEM INSTITUTE REVIEW AND TRAINING SPECIALIST PRE-BOARD EXAM

## MATHEMATICS August 1, 2016

INSTRUCTION: Select the correct answer for each of the following questions. Mark only one answer for each item by shading the box
corresponding to the letter of your choice on the answer sheet provided. STRICTLY NO ERASURE ALLOWED. Use pencil No. 2 only.

MULTIPLE CHOICES:

## 1. A statement that is accepted without proof.

A. Theory B. Axiom C. Hypothesis D. Fact

2.. A 400-gal tank initially contains 100 gal of brine combining 50 lb of salt. Brine containing 1 lb of salt per gallon enters the tank at
the rate of 5 gal/s, and the well-mixed brine in the tank flows out at the rate of 3 gal/s. How much salt will the tank contain when it is
full of brine?
A. 393.75 lb B. 389.65 lb C. 426.35 lb D. 435.85 lb

3. In probability theory, what is the term that describes the set of all possible outcomes of an experiment?
A. a set of random events B. a fuzzy set C. a cumulative distribution D. a sample space

4. When the expression x4 + ax3 + 5x2 + bx + 6 is divided by (x-2), the remainder is 16. When it is divided by (x+1), the remainder is
10. Find the value of the constant “b”.
A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 8

## 5. Find the area enclosed of the curve r = 2 cos 3 theta.

A. 2 B. 3 C. pi D. 4 pi

𝑑2 𝑦 𝑑𝑦
6. The differential equation given is correctly described by which of the following choices? 𝑎 + 𝑏𝑥𝑦 𝑑𝑥 = 𝑓(𝑥)
𝑑𝑥 2
A. linear, second order, homogenous B. nonlinear, second order, homogenous
C. linear, second order, non-homogenous D. nonlinear, second order, non-homogenous

## 7. Naperian logarithm have a base closest to which number?

A. 2.17 B. 2.72 C. 3.14 D. 3.16

8. A trapezoid has its two bases in meters in a ratio 4:5 with an altitude of 20 meters. If the trapezoid has an area of 360 sq. m, find
the two bases.
A. 24, 30 B. 12, 15 C. 16, 20 D. 20, 25

9. An expression is said to be ____________if its definition does not assign it a unique interpretation or value.
A. False B. Ambigous C. True D. None of these

## 10. What is the Laplace Transform of the e-6t?

A. 1/(s+6) B. 1/(s-6) C. e-6 + s D. e6 + s

11. The angle between the horizontal plane and the line from the observer’s eye to some object lower than the line of her eyes.
A. Elevation B. Depression C. Reflection D. Refraction

d2 𝑃
= √𝑃 + (𝑑𝑃/𝑑)2
4
12. What is the degree of the differential equation;
𝑑2
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4

## 13. 25 is 25% of what number?

A. 5 B. 100 C. 25 D. 500

14. The height of a cylindrical cone is measured to be four meters which is equal to its radius with a possible error of 0.04. Determine
the percentage error in its volume.
A. 8% B. 8.5% C. 9% D. 9.5%

15. If two random variables are independently distributed, what is their relationship?
A. They are not identically distributed. B. They are uncorrelated.
C. They are mutually exclusive. D. Either (A) or (B) is true.

16. A 200 pound weight rests on one end of a lever, 12 feet from the fulcrum. What weight, resting on the opposite end and 3 feet from
the fulcrum, would make a balance?
A. 500 B. 1000 C. 1200 D. 800

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POWER SYSTEM INSTITUTE REVIEW AND TRAINING SPECIALIST PRE-BOARD EXAM

17. There are 50 tickets in a lottery in which there is a first prize and second prize. What is the probability of a man drawing a prize if
he owns 5 tickets?
A. 16.81% B. 18.36% C. 20.25% D. 23.18%
𝑑2𝑥 𝑑𝑥
18. How can the following differential equation best be described? 𝑎 + 𝐵(𝑡) + 𝐶 = 𝐷(𝑡)
𝑑𝑡 2 𝑑𝑡
A. linear, homogenous, and first order B. Homogenous and first order
C. linear, second order, and non-homogenous D. linear, homogenous, and second order

19 The system of numbers in everyday use is the ___________ or decimal system of numbers, using the digits 0 to 9.
A. Denary B. Dewey C. Binary D. Baudot

20. Find the sum of all odd integers between 1 and 1000.
A. 250,000 B. 249,999 C. 245,500 D. 240,090

21. Given the three vertices of a parallelogram (1, 3), (0, 0), and (4, 0). Find the possible location/ coordinate of the fourth vertex.
A. (- 3, 3) B. (5, 4) C. (4, - 3) D. (4, 5)

22. Find the volume obtained if the region bounded by y = (x squared) and y = 2x is rotated about the x axis.
A. 7 pi B. 64 pi/15 C. 4 pi D. 3 pi

23. A wall is 15 ft high and 10 ft from a house. Find the length of the shortest ladder which will just touch the top of the wall and reach a
window 20.5 ft above the ground.
A. 11.4 ft B. 42.5 ft C. 14.1 ft D. 54.2 ft

24. Which is true regarding the signs the signs of the natural functions for angles between 90° and 180°?
A. tan θ is (+) B. cot θ is (+) C. cos θ is (-) D. sin θ is (-)

## 25. What do you call a radical expressing an irrational number?

A. surd B. complex number C. radix D. index

## 26. If cot 2A cot 680 = 1, then tan A is equal to _____.

A. 0.194 B. 0.419 C. 0.491 D. 0.914

## 27. The measure of 2.5 revolutions counterclockwise is:

A. -810 deg B. -805 deg C. 810 deg D. 805 deg

28. A wire 60 inches long is to be used to construct a circle and an equilateral triangle. How much is the maximum sum of area
possible?
A. 173.205 B. 286.53 C. 196.45 D. 107.94

## 29. What is the polar form of (3 + 𝑗4)3+𝑗4 ?

A. 2.19cis33.120 B. 2.52cis88.12 C. 3.06cis168.840 D. 3.41cis191.250

30. A hollow sphere of outside radius 32 cm has a total weight of 150 kg. If the volume of the metal used is 24,000 cm3 and it weighs 8
g/cm3, determine the inner radius of the sphere.
A. 25 cm B. 30 cm C. 35 cm D. 40 cm

31. The man finds the angle of elevation of the top of a tower to be 30 degrees. He walks 85 m nearer the
tower and finds its angle of elevation to be 60 degrees. What is the height of the tower?
A. 76.31 m B. 73.31 m C. 73.16 m D. 73.61 m

3 7 𝑥1 2
32. Determine the value of x1 and x2 that satisfy the following linear system. ( )( ) = ( )
2 6 𝑥2 4
4 2 −2 −4
A. ( ) B. ( ) C. ( ) D. ( )
−2 −4 4 2

33. Find the area of the ellipse with foci (2, -7) and (2, 9) and with major axis of length 34.
A. 255 pi B. 355 pi C. 155 pi D. 335 pi

34. When the second derivative of the equation of a curve is negative, the curve at that point is concave in what direction?
A. To the left B. Downward C. to the right D. upward

## 35. If matrix 1 1 2 is multiplied by  x  is equal to zero, then matrix  x  is

2 1 3  y  y
     

0 1 
1 
z  
z 

A. 3 B. 1 C. 0 D. -2

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POWER SYSTEM INSTITUTE REVIEW AND TRAINING SPECIALIST PRE-BOARD EXAM

36. A display of objects in some regular arrangements, such as in matrix, or an arrangement of statistical data in order of increasing
(or decreasing) magnitude.
A. Element B. Set C. Array D. Box

37. A toll road averages 300,000 cars a day when the toll is \$2.00 per car. A study has shown that for a 10-cent increase in the toll,
10,000 fewer cars will use the road each day. What toll will maximize revenue?
A. \$2.25 B. \$2.75 C. \$3.00 D. \$2.50

38. The probability that both stages of a two-stage rocket will function correctly is 0.95. The reliability of the first stage is 0.98. What is
the reliability of the second stage?
A. 0.95 B. 0.96 C. 0.97 D. 1/13

39. The integral of a function between certain limits divided by the difference in abscissas between those limits gives the ________ of
the function.
A. average B. middle C. intercept D. asymptote

## 40. Which of the following is a differential equation of the first order?

𝜕𝑄 𝜕𝑄 𝑑𝑦 9−𝑥 𝑑𝑦
A. (y’’)3 + 2y’ = -3 B. − = 0 C. + = 𝑦3 D. ( )2 = −𝑦 + 𝑥
𝜕𝑥 𝜕𝑦 𝑑𝑥 𝑥 𝑑𝑥

## 41. The term in rigidity theory for the edges of a graph.

A. Box B. Bag C. Bar D. None of these

## 42. If y = cos x, what is dy/dx?

A. sec x B. – sec x C. sin x D. – sin x

43. If the area bounded by the curves y = x 3, x = 1, x = 2 and y = 0, is revolved about the axis, x = 0. Find the moment of inertia of the
volume generated with respect to the axis of revolution?
A. 511π/9 B. 254π/7 C. 223π/3 D. 256π/5

44. The branch of mathematics dealing with integers ,or, more generally, numerical computation.
A. Arithmetic B. Algebra C. Analytic Geometry D. Trigonometry

45. Find the moment of inertia of a circle 5 cm in diameter about an axis through its centroid.
A. 30.68 cm4 B. 31.58 cm4 C. 32.48 cm4 D. 33.38 cm4

## 46. An algebraic expression that contains two terms.

A. Monomial B. Trinomial C. Multinomial D. Binomial

47. Find the eccentricity of a hyperbola whose transverse and conjugate axes are equal in length.
A. Sq. rt of 2 B. sq.rt of 3 C. 2 (sq. rt of 2) D. 2 (sq.rt of 3)

48. An unordered collection of elements, including duplicates, each of which satisfies some property.
A. Box B. Bag C. Bar D. None of these

49. The region of a plane bounded by two concentric circles in the plane.
A. Annulus B. Chord C. Segment D. Sector

50. I am three times as old as you were when I was as old as you are now. When you got to be my age together our ages will be 84.
How old are we now?
A. 24 & 36 B. 24 & 8 C. 16 & 8 D. 18 & 27

51. The set theory symbol (N) for the cardinality of an infinite set.
A. Phi B. Gamma C. Beta D. Aleph

52. A straight line associated with a plane curve such that as a point moves along an infinite branch of the curve the distance from the
point to the line approaches zero and the slope of the tangent to the curve at the point approaches the slope of the line.
A. Asymptote B. Axis of Rotation C. Normal D. Directrix

53. A jar contains a nickel, a dime, a quarter, and a half dollar. If three coins are drawn at random. What is the probability that the sum
is 69 cents or more?
A. ¾ B. 3/5 C. 2/3 D. ½

## 54. A straight line about which a body or geometric figure is rotated.

A. Slope B. Directrix C. Asymptote D. Axis of Rotation

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POWER SYSTEM INSTITUTE REVIEW AND TRAINING SPECIALIST PRE-BOARD EXAM

55. It is the horizontal direction expressed as the angular distance between the direction of a fixed point and the direction of an object.
A. radius B. axis C. azimuth D. zenith

56. A/an ___________ is a rectangular coordinate system in which the complex number x +iyis represented by the point whose
coordinates are x and y. The x-axis is called real axis and the y-axis is called imaginary axis.
A. Venn Diagram B. Pascal Diagram C. Leibniz Diagram D. Argand Diagram

57. A sequence of numbers a1, a2, ..., an, ... in which each following number is obtained from the preceding number by adding a given
number.
A. Geometric B. Arithmetic C. Infinite D. Harmonic

58. A number which can be built up from integers al, a2, . ..ak by either addition or multiplication.
A. Amenable B. Amicable C. Even D. Odd

59. A term in social choice theory meaning invariance of a result under permutation of voters.
A. Absence B. Partial C. Anonymous D. None of these

60. Of one hundred participants in a seminar; 80 are CE, 30 are ME, 20 are EE, 19 are both CE and ME, 2 are both ME and EE, 10
are both EE and CE, and 1 is a CE, ME, and ME. How many participants are EE only?
A. 8 B. 9 C. 10 D. 11

61. A 4-cusped HYPOCYCLOID which is sometimes also called a TETRACUSPID, CUBOCYCLOID, or PARACYCLE.
A. Cardioid B. Paraboloid C. Toroid D. Astroid

62. From the top of a building 35 m. high, two points A and B, in the plane of the base of the building; are found to have angles of
depression of 45º50’ and 29º10’ respectively. Find the distance between the two points.
A. 21.46 m B. 26.25 m C. 23.74 m D. 28.93 m

63. The number of ways a set of n elements can be partitioned into nonempty subsets is called a ____________.
A. Bell Number B. Naperian Number C. Betti Number D. None of these

64. A man left his home at past 3:00 o’clock PM as indicated in his wall clock. Between 2 to 3 hours after, he returns home and noticed
that the hands of the clock were exactly interchanged in position. At what time did he arrive?
A. 3:31.47 PM B. 3:17.62 PM C. 6:17.62 PM D. 6:31.47 PM

65. ________ are topological objects which were proved to be invariants by Poincare, and used by him to extend the POLYHEDRAL
FORMULA to higher dimensional spaces.
A. Bell Number B. Naperian Number C. Betti Number D. Catalan Number

## 66. In 7.18xy equals:

A. 1.97 xy B. 0.86 xy C. xy D. 7.18 xy

## 67. It is an angle that is less than 90°.

A. Obtuse B. Accute C. Reflex D. Straight

68. A ___________ number systemis based on the number 2 instead of 10. Only the digits 0 and 1 are needed
A. Decimal B. Binary C. Octal D. Hexadecimal

69 . The logarithm of the quotient M/N and the logarithm of the product MN is equal to 1.55630251 and 0.352182518 respectively. Find
the value of M.
A. 6 B. 7 C. 8 D. 9

## 70. It is an archaic name for the torus.

A. Donut Ring B. Washer Ring C. Anchor Ring D. None of these

## 71. What is the value of each interior angle of a regular pentagon?

A. pi/5 B. 2pi/5 C. pi/2 D. 3 pi/5

72. A number of EE students hopefully decided to have an excursion after their licensure examination. They hired a boat for P56.00.
But for some reasons, two of them were not able to join the excursion, thus the share of each remaining in the group increased by
P3.20. How many were in the party?
A. 5 B. 10 C. 9 D. 7

73. What is the area (in sq. inches) of a parabola with a base of 15 cm and a height of 20 cm?
A. 87 B. 55 C. 31 D. 11

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POWER SYSTEM INSTITUTE REVIEW AND TRAINING SPECIALIST PRE-BOARD EXAM

## 74. Which number has four significant figures?

A. 0.0014 B. 0.01414 C. 0.141 D. 1.4104

75. A high speed train has an acceleration and deceleration of 4 ft/sec 2. The maximum cruising velocity is 90mph from one station to
another takes it 73.5 minutes. How far it is the station from each other?
A. 55.1 B. 58.1 C. 64.5 D. 68.3

## 76. It is part of a circle bounded by a chord and an arc.

A. slab B. segment C. section D. sector

77. The curve of a hanging flexible wire or chain assumes when supported at its ends and acted upon by a uniform gravitational force.
A. Span B. Arc C. Catenary D. Sag

78. The general second degree equation has the form Ax2 + Bxy + Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0. If B2 – 4 AC = 0, the equation describes
A. Circle B. A parabola C. an ellipse D. a hyperbola

79. What is the determinant of the matrix having elements; a11=1, a12=1, a13=1, a21=2, a22=-1, a23=1, a31=1, a32=2, a33=-1?
A. 0 B. 1 C. 5 D. 7

## 80. Determine the value of B when 3x + 3y – 7 = 0 is perpendicular to the line 2x + By – C = 0.

A.-2 B. -3 C. -4 D. -5

81. A certain bacteria grow at a rate proportional to the number present. In 3 hours, the bacteria will be doubled. How much bacteria
will there be in one day? Let N be the no. of present bacteria.
A. 216 N B. 256 N C. 276 N D. 2296 N

82. What is the sum of the squares of sine and cosine of an angle?
A. 0 B. 1 C. √3 D. 2

83. What is the name for a vector that represents the sum of two vectors?
A. scalar B. resultant C. tensor D. moment

84. The tangent and are drawn to a circle from the same extension point if the tangent is 6 inches and the external segment of the
secant is inches, the length of the secant is ______.
A. 15 B. 14 C. 13 D. 12

85. The equation y = a1 + a2x is an algebraic expression for which of the following?
A. a cosine expansion series B. projectile motion C. a circle in polar form D. a straight line

86. A regular dodecagon is inscribed in a circle of radius 24. Find the perimeter of the dodecagon.
A. 125 B. 135 C. 149 D. 169

87. If the variable X has a Poisson distribution with parameter λ, what is the expected value of X?
A. λ2 B. λ (1- λ) C. λ-1 D. λ

88. What is the sum of the coefficients of the expansion (2x - 1)20?
A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3

89. In a circle, diameter of 10 m. a regular 5 – pointed star touching the circumference is inscribed. What is the area of the part not
covered by the star?
A. 50.54 m2 B. 53.22 m2 C. 62.64 m2 D. 66.27 m2

90. A particle’s position (in inches) along the x axis after t seconds of travel is given by the equation x = 24t2 − t3 + 10. What is the
particle’s average velocity during the first 3 seconds of travel and how fast is it moving after 3 seconds of travel?
A. 63,117 in/sec B. 117,63 in/sec C. 65, 119 in/sec D. 119, 65 in/sec

91. Consider a strictly concave down function in one variable, x, with lower and upper bounds on x. At what value (s) will the function
be minimized?
A. at the upper bounds of x B. at the lower bound of x
C. strictly between the upper and lower bounds of x D. at either the upper or lower bound of x

92. For a given function, f(t) = f(-t). What type of symmetry does f(t) have?
A. odd symmetry B. even symmetry C. rotational symmetry D. quarter-wave symmetry

93. A bag contains 3 white and 5 black balls. If two balls are drawn in succession without replacement, what is the probability that the
two balls are of the different colors?
A. 14/29 B. 15/28 C. 13/20 D. 15/20

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POWER SYSTEM INSTITUTE REVIEW AND TRAINING SPECIALIST PRE-BOARD EXAM

94. A particle moves according to the following functions of time; x(t) = 3sint and y(t) = 4 cost. What is the resultant velocity at t = 𝜋?
A. 0 B. 9 C. 4 D.3

## 95. A term in logic which means pertaining to truth and falsehood.

A. Alethic B. Knot C. Maybe D. None of these

2𝑥 4 + 5𝑥 3 −7
96. Find the oblique asymptote of the function 𝑦= .
𝑥 3 −1
𝑦+5 𝑦−5
A. 𝑥 = 2𝑦 + 5 B. 𝑥 = 2𝑦 + 5 C. 𝑥 = D. 𝑥 =
2 2

## 97. What is the inverse natural function of the cosecant?

A. secant B. sine C. cosine D. tangent

## 98. Find the sum of 1, -1/5, 1/25, … .

A. 5/6 B. 2/3 C. 0.84 D. 0.72

99. If a 3 x 3 matrix and it’s inverse are multiplied together, write the product.
1 0 0 1 1 1
A. B. 0 0 0 C. 0 0 1 D.
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1
0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1

ln(𝑥+1)
100. Evaluate : lim 1
𝑥→0 𝑥((𝑥+1)2 −𝑒)
A. indeterminate B. 0 C. e D. 1/1-e

## *** END ***

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